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tion and study by the students and the general .public.


The zoological laboratory, with a floor space of about 26,000
square feet, occupies the northwest quarter of the Natural Science
building and contains 70 rooms. On the first floor are the labora-
tories of general physiology and ecology, a students' dark room, shop,
a small chemical laboratory, refrigerating room, unpacking room.


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74 The University

preparation room, and store rooms. The second floor is used chiefly
for laboratories for classes in beginning zoology, offices, and seminary
rooms, the third for laboratories, lecture room, museum, and study
room for advanced classes, while the fourth floor is devoted largely
to private laboratories and offices for the staff and graduate students.
There is an aquarium room on each floor provided with city water,
Altered water, cistern water, and compressed air. That on the first
floor contains, in addition to many' small aquaria, a small fish hatchery
and concrete floor tanks for keeping aquaria animals. In the sub-
basement is a cave fitted with aquaria. On the upper floor are two
small vivaria. These are rooms especially fitted for experimental
work requiring temperature control and for light reaction work. A
suite of five rooms on the upper floor is devoted to photography.
Here are a well lighted photographic gallery, a dark room, and
special rooms for photomicrography, enlarging and reducing on both
plates and paper, and photographic storage.

There is a good equipment of microscopes, of microtomes, of
Zeiss's photographic apparatus, and of other accessories. For illus-
trative purposes, there is a collection of alcoholic specimens (many of
them from the Naples Zoological Station), and a full collection of
Lueckart and Nitsche*s, and other wall charts. For field work there
are provided collecting apparatus and field glasses for the individual
use of students and photographic cameras, a boat, and larger pieces
of collecting apparatus for collective use.


The psychological laboratory occupies a portion of the Natural
Science building. The available space is cut into 40 rooms. On the
first floor are located a class room, a shop, a research room with
light-tight shutters and containing a concrete pier set in a bed of
sand, a small storage room, rooms for keeping animals, and a room
especially designed for work with the maze and for other work in
comparative psychology. The second floor has offices and private
laboratories for the staff, a phonetics room, dark rooms, and rooms
with light-tight shutters and light walls for work in comparative
psychology. Nine rooms, including a dark room, olfactory room
with exhaust hood, chronometric rooms, etc., for use by the general
experimental class are on the third floor. On the fourth floor are a
sound-proof room, other connected rooms for acoustics, a series of
research rooms, and a system of dark rooms in which a clear space
over sixty feet in darkness may be obtained. TTiese dark rooms may
be used in various combinations and have an optics room with neutral
gray walls in connection. The optics room and dark rooms have
north windows as well as skylights, all of which are equipped with
light-tight shutters.

All rooms are wired so that they can be interconnected through
a central switch-board system and also supplied with low-voltage cur-


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The Laboratories 75

rents from dynamotors and storage batteries. Tubes in the walls
and in the floor slab make possible other connections between several
rooms. All parts of the laboratory are well supplied with alternating
and direct current, waste, gas, and compressed air.

Lectures to large classes are given in the main' lecture room of
the building. The laboratory is located adjacent to the library in
which practically all psychological journals are on file.

Facilities for the study of those sides of animal behavior with
which this laboratory is not well supplied, are provided in neighbor-
ing rooms belonging to the zoological laboratory.

The equipment includes a complete set of apparatus for the work
of elementary experimental classes, models of the brain and sense
organs, Hipp chronoscopes, ksrmographs, a large pendulum and
gravity chronograph to regulate the registration apparatus, Meumann's
time sense apparatus, a Marbe mixer, a Musil rotator, a practically
complete set of Herings instruments for color determinations, appa-
ratus for testing the accuracy of indirect vision, a Muller cylinder
episkotiser, a Dodge tachistoscope. Dodge photographic apparatus, a
Marbe sound recording apparatus, a complete set of Verdin's instru-
ments for investigating speech, forks by Koenig and Edelmann, a
modified Wien apparatus by Kohl for determination of sound inten-
sities. Stem tonvariators, a modified Wirth memory instrument, and
a considerable number of instruments devised in this laboratory and
made in the University instrument shops. The equipment for work
in sound and phonetics, for comparative psychology, for studying the
learning processes, and for investigating the relations between physi-
ological processes and metal states is particularly large; but every
field is represented.

Such apparatus as is needed for advanced work or research will
be procured as required. Every facility and encouragement is offered
to students of sufficient preliminary training to undertake investiga-
tion on special problems.


In the forest laboratory students receive instruction in forest
botany, timber physics, structure of woods, and certain features of
wood technology, as well as in forest measurements and the methods
of study of the growth of timber. A good collection of wood speci-
mens, sections of trees, and herbarium material is provided and will
be increased as rapidly as possible. There is an ample supply of
microscopes, compasses, calipers, height measure, and other apparatus
for use in the laboratory and in the field.


A special nursery for the propagation of forest trees within ten
minutes' walk of the campus has been developed. This nursery is
equipped to demonstrate certain phases of silvicultural work and the


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76 The University

methods of commercial nursery practice from the preparation of the
seed beds to the packing for shipment of the mature seedling. Quar-
ters are provided on the grounds for the proper accommodation of
students working in the nursery and for the detailed study of nursery
work and investigation.


Special facilities for the study of forestry are supplied by the
Saginaw Forest, a tract of land about one mile west, of the city of
Ann Arbor, presented to the University by the Honorable Arthur
Hill, of Saginaw. The farm, comprising eighty acres, is a t3rpical
example of the low hilly land of the drift district, and contains as
great a variety of topographical and soil conditions as could be ex-
pected in an area of this extent. Its soils vary from heavy clay to
sandy gravel. In addition to its other good features, there is a lake
of clear water, from ten to fifty feet deep and covering an area of
twelve acres.

The farm is to serve as an object lesson in forestry. Upon it
provision is to be made for (i) an arboretum of all useful forest
trees that can grow in Michigan; (2) model plantations of forest
trees, and (3) special experiments in forestry, relating to various
methods of propagating different kinds of timber, to the raising of
particular forest products, and to other practical purposes,


The Eber White woods is a tract of native hardwoods located
just outside the city limits of Ann Arbor and therefore within easy
walking distance for students of the University. It contains about
forty-three acres, varying from level to steep roUing ground, and has
the usual variety of soil from sandy land to clay and gravel. It is
well drained, with a small live brook flowing through one corner.
The forest was cut over for local use many years ago, but a part
of the old white and red oak timber is still standing. It is planned
to manage this woods as a selection forest on a ten-year period of
return, and make it serve in this way as an object lesson, practice
ground, and experiment plot for the courses in forestry; and at the
same time to treat it as a park-forest, preserving, as far as possible,
its beauty for the enjojrment of the many visitors.


This laboratory is equipped with various instruments to facili-
tate the computation and tabulation of statistics; among these may
be mentioned Hollerith sorting and tabulating units, one twenty-
figure Millionaire arithmometer, one sixteen-figure Millionaire arith-
mometer, and one thir teen-figure Brunsviga arithmometer. Students


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The Hospitals 77

are instructed in their use in the preparation and tabulation of pre-
miums, reserves, and other schedules required in the practical work
of insurance offices and statistical bureaus. The laboratory also con-
tains a working library comprising complete sets of most of the im-
portant actuarial journals and text-books on actuarial theory. Re-
ports on vital and other statistics are drawn from the general library
when required.


The lantern slide shop, situated in the basement of the Physi-
ology building, has been extensively enlarged and remodelled. The
dark-room is now fully equipped for printing and developing lantern
slides, enlargements, and contact prints. Especial attention is given
to glossy prints for reproduction. In the copy-room a new artificial
lighting system has been installed, which gives a light photographi-
cally the same as daylight. It is thus possible to procure a trne
rendering of halftone under all weather conditions. A ''Semper
Focal" enlarging and reducing camera permits the making of lantern
slides directly from the original negative regardless of its size.

The shop is under contract to give the University work preced-
ence under all circumstances, but as the shop is now arranged, the
out-put capacity is so much increased as to ensure prompt handling
not only of large University orders, but also of a limited amount of
outside work.


For descriptions of the various laboratories, shops, museums, etc.,
used in connection with the work in the professional schools and col-
leges, see the chapters on the several schools and colleges.


There are two hospitals connected with the University, affording
ample facilities for clinical instruction. One of them is under the
direction of the Faculty of the Medical School ; the other is in charge
of the Faculty of the Homoeopathic Medical School. Further in-
formation in regard to the hospitals is given in the chapters on the
medical schools.


The churches of the city of Ann Arbor are cordially thrown open
to the students, whose interests are largely consulted by the pastors
in their pulpit instruction and in their plans of work. There are


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78 The University

churches of the following communions in the city: Baptist, Congre-
gationalist, the Disciples, English Lutheran, German Lutheran, Ger-
man Methodist, Methodist Episcopal, Presbyterian, Protestant Epis-
copal, Roman Catholic, and Unitarian.

The Students' Christian Association, with departments for men
and women, is an organization of the campus which devotes itself to
moral and religious culture; always for the purpose of assisting the
various churches in their work with students. This is done through
voluntary Bible and Mission study, religious education, religious
meetings, social service and deputation work, personal attention, in
cooperation with the churches and student Guilds.

The work for young men centers in Lane Hall, a fine structure
two blocks from the campus, completed in 191 7. The building is
planned strictly for religious and restricted social purposes, leaving
to the University gymnasium and the Michigan Union the physical
and larger social features. On the basement floor are public and
private dining and committee rooms, and the caretaker's apartments.
The main floor is devoted, with the exception of a large reading room,
to administration, with offices for the secretaries, the employment
bureau, and the denominational representatives at Ann Arbor. The
second floor has a commodious auditorium, and guest rooms. The
men's organization has several thousand members with a general
secretary and the student cabinet at the head. The employment de-
partment last year gave out a large number of jobs and assisted col-
lege men in earning a very considerable sum.

The work for the college women is carried on in Newberry Hall,
on State Street opposite the University campus. The general secre-
tary and three assistant secretaries conduct the women's activities.
The outstanding features are the weekly vesper services, the religious
education classes and the social service work. The organization has
over 1,500 active members and 241 honorary members.

Guilds and other societies, consisting chiefly of students, have
been organized in several of the churches both for religious and
moral culture and for social entertainment. The Hobart Guild, con-
nected with St. Andrew's Church (Protestant Episcopal), has a com-
modious building, called Harris Hall, planned and equipped for the
objects of the guild; and two of the several lectureships contem-
plated in its plans have been endowed, — ^The Baldwin Lectureship
for the Establishment and Defense of Christian Truth, and the Char-
lotte Wood Slocum Lectureship on Christian Evidences. The work
is under the immediate charge of a Curate.

The Tapp.nn Presbyterian Association owns the buildings known
as McMillan and Sackett Halls. Its active work centers about the
Christian Kndeavor Society of the local Presbyterian Church.

The Methodist Episcopal Church has organized the Wesleyan
Guild, and has a permanent fund for the support of the Henry M.
Loud I>ectureship. The work is in charge of a Religious Director.

The hall of the Baptist Students' Guild (Tucker Memorial),


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Facilities for Physical Training 79

opposite the First Baptist Church, is the center of work among Bap-
tist students. The two upper floors are the residence of the Guild
Director, while the first floor, with its library, reading and music
room, and office, is used for general social and religious purposes.
The Guild also employs a director who devotes his whole time to the
student work.

The Young People's Religious Union is a society formed in the
Unitarian Church with similar purposes.

The society organized in connection with the Church of the Dis-
ciples is called the Inland League.

All Catholic students are expected to become members of the
Students' Catholic Club, which has its headquarters at the new Cath-
olic Chapel. The society is under the personal supervision of the
pastor of St. Thomas' Church. Its object is both social and

The Jewish Student Congregation, which is open to all Jewish
students, meets weekly on Sunday evenings in Lane Hall.

The Christian Science Society was formed in accordance with
the Manual of the First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, Mass.
Faculty, students, and alumni of the University are invited to attend
the meetings.

The Ann Arbor Bible Chair is an organization partially sup-
ported by the Church of Christ (Disciples) offering excellent courses
in the study of the Bible. The work is carried on in Lane Hall.

The Michigan Menorah Society is an organization, open to all
members of the University, devoted to the study and advancement
of Jewish culture and ideals. It attempts, formally through the reg-
ular University courses, and informally by means of special lectures,
original papers, and free discussion, to stimulate an interest in, and
spread a knowledge of the history, the literature, the religion, and
the current problems of the Jewish people. It is afliliated with the
Intercollegiate Menorah Association.



The University has two gymnasiums, one for men and one for
women, erected at a cost of about $aoo,ooo. The former is called
the Waterman Gymnasium; the latter, the Barbour Gymnasium. In
the conduct oi the gymnasiums the aim is not so much the develop-
ment of a few gynmastic experts as the provision of wholesome
physical exercise for the many. The facilities of the building, in-
cluding the ph3rsical examinations (which every locker holder must
take) and instruction, are free to all students, the only charge being
a rental of $2 a year for a locker for men students, $1 for women.


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8o The University

The Waterman Gymnasium

Waterman Gymnasium, named in honor of the late Joshua W.
Waterman, of Detroit, who contributed largely to its cost, affords
excellent opportunity for all phases of gymnastic and indoor athletic
activities. The main floor is a rectangle 246 by 90 feet, with trun-
cated comers, allowing if desired a 75-yard straight-away sprinting
track. There is also a dirt pit for jumping and shot putting, covered
by a trap door when not in use, as well as equipment of the
various kinds of apparatus usually found in the best modern gym-
nasiums. Several smaller rooms are devoted to administration,
fencing, boxing, and other special purposes, while the basement is
given up to baths, lockers, handball, and shotput. The main hall is
lighted in the daytime through a large skylight sixty-six feet above
the floor, and in the evening by electricity, A gallery makes room
for an elliptical running track, ten laps to the mile.

Work in the gymnasium, twice a week, is required of all fresh-
men men in the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, and the
Coll ges of Engineering and Architecture; the credit is not recorded,
however, in semester-hours. The work begins on the first Monday
in November, but students are required to report to the Director of
the Gymnasium between October i and 20 to make appointments for
assignment to sections. Everyone using the gymnasium either for
exercise or bathing must procure a locker, and in order to secure the
best possible hygienic and sanitary conditions, only one man is
allowed to occupy a locker. These rules are strictly enforced. Locker
tickets should be purchased from the University Treasurer.

During October, before beginning gymnasium work, each student
receives a thorough medical and physical examination, in order to
eliminate those who are not physically capable of doing the regular
class work. The appointment for examination is made by card, dis-
tributed at the time University fees are paid. Every student ex-
amined is measured and furnished with an anthropometric chart,
which afi'ords a comparison of his own measurements with those of
the average student and reveals for correction any abnormality that
may be present. A second measurement is made after the class work
is finished, in order to note what changes have taken place.

The required work in Physical Training is planned to produce
uniform development, which is of the greatest importance; special
attention is given to arm and chest exercises, since the development
of these parts of the body is below normal in a great majority of the
men who come to college. In order to be interesting, however, the
work is varied, and consists of athletic exercises, as well as gynmastic
drills and apparatus work. Credit towards the requirement in physi-
cal training is given for outdoor sports in season, such as class foot-
ball, soccer, ice hockey, and cross country running, provided that
those who desire to engage in these sports make proper arrangements


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Facilities for Physical Training 8i

\nth. the Director of the Gymnasium. After the close of the season
for these sports, students participating in them must report for reg-
ular indoor work. An outdoor running track has been constructed
adjacent to the gymnasium, in order to encourage outdoor running
when weather conditions permit.

A course of lectures on personal hygiene is given as a regular
part of the required work.

Advanced Classes in Athletics and Gsrmnastics for Those
Desiring to Coach or Teach

Every year a number of good positions are open, along the line
of General Physical Training. Schools and colleges desire to secure,
if possible, college men for this work. In order to meet this demand,
it is planned to offer a course in Physical Training, which will cover
most of the important details. No University credit will be given
for this course, but prospective candidates must identify themselves
with this course, and do satisfactory work in both theory and prac-
tice, in order to secure recommendation as to ability, etc.

Classes in Coaching Competitive Athletics

Classes will be offered in the theory and practice of coaching.
These classes will be conducted in the four major branches of com-
petitive athletics: football, baseball, track and field athletics, and
basketball. Members of the classes will be given actual coaching to
do, and will meet twice weekly for recitation and quiz, covering the
work done.

Classes in Gymnastics and General Physical Training

Lectures and quizzes will be held in anthropometry, first aid,
methods of teaching, growth and development, and gymnastic nomen-
clature. Particular attention will be given to the development of
proficiency in practical gymnastic apparatus, and in squad leadership
in calesthenic exercises. Enrollment for these classes should be made
as soon as possible after the beginning of college. For further de-
tailed information, apply to Dr. G. A. May, Director of Waterman
Gymnasium, for work in Gymnastics and General Training, and to
Mr. E. D. Mitchell, Director of Intramural Athletics, for work in
Competitive Athletics.

Intramural Activities

Steps have been taken to furnish competent and adequate instruc-
tion, in all branches of athletics, to all students in the University
desiring such instruction.

Any student applying for special instruction, or attention, in any
branch of athletics will now receive the attention of a competent
coach, regardless of the athletic ability of the applicant.


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82 The University

It is also hoped that the work will be of such a nature as to
stimulate the growth of all athletic activities, especially of a Non-
Varsity character.

Dexter M. Ferry Athletic Field

By the generosity of Mr. Dexter M. Ferry, of Detroit, an addi-
tion of about twenty-five acres has been made to the grounds for-
merly known as Regents' Field. The combined tract of thirty-five
acres lies a few minutes' walk southward from the campus, and is
set apart and equipped especially for open-air sports. It contains
a club house, stadia, gridiron, diamond, tennis courts, and tracks
for intercollegiate athletics, and similar grounds for interclass and
intramural sports.

Anticipating the growth of interclass athletics and the consequent
necessity of additional field spac^ the Athletic Association has pur-
chased thirty-eight and seven-tenths acres of land immediately adjoin-
ing Ferry Field on the south.

Supervision of Athletic Sports

The general supervision of athletic sports is vested in a Board
of Control, consisting of eleven members* The Board thus consti-
tuted has charge of all matters involving the relation of athletic
sports to the University; for example, the eligibility of players pro-
posed for any University team, the arrangement of intercollegiate
games, the granting of leaves of absence, and the investigation of
charges of misconduct on the part of players. The policy of the
Board is to foster the spirit of honor and gentlemanliness in athletics,
to suppress evil tendencies, and to see that play shall not encroach
too much upon the claims of work. For the furtherance of these
ends certain specific rules and regulations have been adopted, a copy
of which can be had on application to the Secretary of the University.

The Barbour Gymnasiam

The Barbour Gymnasium is named in honor of the Honorable
Levi L. Barbour, of Detroit, a former Regent of the University and
a liberal contributor to the funds for its erection. The building con-
tains, in addition to the gymnasium proper, the offices of the Dean
of Women and the Director of the Gymnasium; a club room and

Online LibraryUniversity of MichiganCatalogue of the University of Michigan → online text (page 6 of 75)