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parlors for the college women, a hall (Sarah Caswell Angell Hall)

* The Board of Control for the year 1920* 1921 consists of Professors
Aiglcr, Johnston. Gram, and Fraycr, and Mr. Philip G. Bartelme, of the
University faculties, Messrs. John D. Hibbard, James E. Duffy, and Charles
B. Du Cbarme, of the Alumni Association, and Messrs. Alan W. Boyd,
David A. Forbes, and Robert Cook, of the student body. Mr. Bartelme
is Director of Outdoor Athletics.


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Facilities for Physical Training 83

accommodating 550 people, for lectures, meetings, theatrical entertain-
ments, etc. The gymnasium is a large room with floor space 90 x 80
feet, well lighted, well ventilated, and amply equipped with the neces-
sary apparatus for individual and class work. The gallery has a
running track 310 feet long. The basement contains dressing rooms,
shower baths, and a swimming tank which is open to all women reg-
istered in the gymnasium, with instruction in swimming free of
charge. Before beginning the gymnasium work each student receives
a careful medical and physical examination made by the University
Physician for Women, and the Director of the Gymnasium, and the
work is assigned accordingly. If a girl is physically unable to
undertake the general class work she is given individual work care-
fully adapted to her own need. Especial attention is given to the
correction of faulty posture and any deformity that may be benefited
by intelligent exercise. Tennis, baseball, team games, cricket, hockey,
and archery, form part of the fall and spring work.

Palmer Field

The Women's League has purchased, with the help of the
Alumnse and a very generous gift from the Honorable Thomas W.
Palmer, of Detroit, a tract of seven and one-quarter acres of land
situated within five minutes' walk of the gymnasium. Hockey and
baseball fields, tennis courts, and an archery range provide ample
opportunity for varied outdoor exercise.

Class Work

All freshman and sophomore women students in the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, and the Colleges of Engineering
and Architecture are required to complete satisfactorily, without
credit in semester hours, a course in Physical Education in accordance
with the outline stated below. The g3rmnastic work announced for
freshmen and sophomores is a regular academic requirement, and
as such, is subject to the usual regulations in regard to absence and
quality of work.

All freshman and sophomore women students are given a careful
medical and physical examination. Other students taking work in
this department are required to have a heart and lung test each year.

A regulation costume of white blouse, black bloomers, and black
g3rmnasium shoes is required. Owing to the necessity of having uni-
form gymnasium suits they should not be purchased before entering
college. If it is necessary to do this, communication should first be
made with the Director of the Gymnasium in regard to the material
and style required.

Every student is required to purchase a locker ticket from the
Treasurer of the University before taking part in any courses offered
in this department


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84 The University

A. Required work : — For all freshmen and sophomores.

Freshmen— J/, F, at lo, 1 1, 2; Tu, Th, at 2, 3.
Sophomores— J/, W, at 3; Tu, Th, at lO, 11, 4.
I. Fall and Spring work consists of elective sports; archery,
baseball, basketball, hockey, tennis, and cricket
II. Winter work, from Nov. loth approximately, until Spring
vacation. Consists of practical gymnastics, corrective
gymnastics, and light g3rnmastics. Students are placed in
these classes in accordance with the results of their med-
ical examination. Hours for corrective and light gym-
nastics to be arranged.
III. Hygiene lectures. All freshmen and entering sophomore
students are required to attend a course of lectures on
personal hygiene.

B. Elective work : —

I. Advanced gymnastics. Open to students who have com-
pleted the required work in this University or in another
institution of collegiate grade. Two hours a week. Hours
to be arranged.
II. ^Esthetic dancing. Beginning and advanced classes. Hours

to be arranged.
III. Sports:—

a. Outdoor. Archery, baseball, basketball, hockey, and

tennis. Hours to be arranged.

b. Indoor. Basketball, and swimming. Each two hours.

Hours ta be arjanged.
IV. Normal course in playground work. Includes lectures and
practical work in folk dances and games. Practice teach-
ing in the public schools during the Spring term is re-
quired of all who elect this course. Not open to fresh-
men. One hour a week during Winter term. Two hours
a week during Spring term. Hours to be arranged.


The department of Military Science and Tactics has been re-
established and is conducting courses which are open to election for
credit towards graduation by students of the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, and the Colleges of Engineering and Architec-
ture. The Reserve Officers' Training Corps is organized under au-
thority of Act of Congress of June 3, 1916, as amended by Acts of
Congress of September 8, 1916, July 9, 1918, and June 4, iqao. Two
units of the R. O. T. C. have been organized, and the satisfactory
completion of the courses of any unit leads to a commission in the
Reserve Corps of the corresponding branch of the army.


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Military Science and Tactics ' 85

The existing units consist of the Coast Artillery Unit, open to
all eligible students of the two Colleges mentioned, and the Signal
Corps Unit, open only to students pursuing the curriculum in Elec-
trical Engineering.

Eligibility to membership is limited to male students who are
citizens of the United States and whose bodily condition indicates
that they are physically fit to perform military duty, or will be at
the time of graduation. No member of the army, navy, marine corps,
naval militia, or reserve officer of the military or naval forces is
eligible for membership. Enrollment does not make a student liable
to any service under the War Department

The primary object of the R. O. T. C. is to provide military
training for the purpose of qualifying selected students as reserve
officers in the military forces of the United States. This object is
attained during the time that students are pursuing their general or
professional studies, and with the least practicable interference with
their civil careers. The aim will be to give all students of the R. O.
T. C. a thorough physical training, to inculcate in them a respect for
lawful authority, to teach the fundamentals of the military profession,
leadership, and the special knowledge required to enable them to
serve efficiently in the various braiiches of the military service.


The courses are divided into two periods: the Basic Group and
the Advanced Group. The Basic Group consists of the first two
years in the military department, with an optional period at a sum-
mer camp, usually at the end of the first year. The Advanced Group
consists of the last two years in the military department, with a sec-
ond and required period at a summer camp, usually at the end of
the third year. For good reasons, changes in the time of attendance
at summer camps may be obtained upon application. Attendance at
the Basic Camp is voluntary on the part of the student. Attendance
at the Advanced Camp is compulsory for students who receive com-
mutation of subsistence, and is a prerequisite for graduation for
those students. Theoretical instruction is given mainly during the
academic years; practical instruction mainly in the summer camps.
Two hours per week of physical education is required of all students
electing this work. A member of the R. O. T. C. engaged in college
athletics may be excused from the regular classes in physical train-
ing while 80 engaged.

Elections and Credit

Students electing Military Science and Tactics do so for the
four courses of one of the Groups. The first election is for the four
courses of the Basic Group, after which, if recommended for further
training, the student may elect the four courses of the Advanced
(iroup. Mere enrollment with the Officers of the R. O. T. C. does


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86 The University

not constitute registration; the student must include his Military
course in his regular college election, made in the usual way, at the
regular time. One semester hour credit is given for each of the four
courses of the Basic Group ; two semester hours for each of the four
courses of the Advanced Group. No additional credit towards grad-
uation is given for the summer camps. More than the regular maxi-
mum number of hours, whether partly military or wholly academic,
may be elected only subject to the regulations governing extra hours.

The completion of all four courses composing either group, when
once entered upon, is a prerequisite for graduation. The Advanced
Group includes the Advanced Camp.

Upon the recommendation of the Professor of Military Science
and Tactics, a student may be discharged from the R. O. T. C. by
the appropriate University Authority and from the necessity of com-
pleting the courses as a prerequisite for graduation.

A member of the R. O. T. C. who withdraws from one university
and enters another is not released from his obligation, but must com-
plete the courses undertaken (either basic or advanced) as a pre-
requisite for graduation if the second institution maintains a corre-
sponding unit of the R. O. T. C.

Commutation of Subsistence

When any member of the R. O. T. C. has completed the four
courses of the Basic Group, of its equivalent, he may, if otherwise
qualified, be admitted to the Advanced Group. Any member of the
Advanced Group who executes the following written agreement will
receive, when not rationed in kind, the commutation of subsistence
fixed by the Secretary of War :

Ann Arbor, Michigan, , 193. .

In consideration of commutation of subsistence to be furnished
me in accordance with the law, I hereby agree to continue in the
Reserve Officers' Training Corps during the remainder of my course
in the University of Michigan (not to exceed two years), to devote
five hours per week during such period to the military training pre-
scribed, and to pursue the course of camp training during such period,
prescribed by the Secretary of War.


Commutation of subsistence has been fixed for the present year
at fifty-three cents per day and is paid from the date of the contract
until the completion of the course, including the usual vacation


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Oratorical Associations 87


The Extension Division of the University of Michigan was or-
ganized to furnish to the state at large such forms of public service
as may legitimately be rendered by a state University. The activities
of this Division are administered through the medium of twelve
bureaus, which cooperate with the departments of the various Schools
and Colleges of the University. These twelve bureaus are as follows :
Bureau of University Extension Courses, including (a) free exten-
sion lectures, (b) extension courses in series, and (c) university
credit courses; Bureau of Visual Instruction; Library Extension
Service : Public Speaking and Debating ; School and Community Dra-
matics; Municipal Reference Bureau; Educational Service, depart-
ment of Education; Museum Extension Service; Civic Improvement;
Forestry Extension Service; Engineering Extension Service; Public
Health Service.

In connection with this extension service the University of Mich-
igan seeks to operate, as far as possible, through the avenues of
established university channels; that is, it seeks to make use of such
existing university facilities as are available, and thereby to give to
the state the largest possible measure of public service commensurate
with the equipment and facilities of an educational institution of uni-
versity grade.

A special bulletin, descriptive of the work of the Extension
Service, and such other information as may be desired regarding ex-
tension service, may be obtained by writing the Director of the Uni-
versity Extension Division.


In addition to the University instruction in Public Speaking, an
active and earnest interest is fostered and maintained through the
agency of a voluntary association of students, which arranges and
conducts debates and oratorical contests and cooperates with similar
organizations in other institutions.

This Association was organized by students of the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, and of the Law School, under the
guidance of the department of Public Speaking, to foster an interest
in oratory and delate, and also to participate in the annual contests
of the Northern Oratorical League, the Central Debating League, the
Mid-West Debating League, and in such other contests as may be
arranged by the association.

At the annual oratorical contest held the third Friday of March,
the student who takes first honors, represents the University in the
annual contest of the Northern Oratorical League. Freshmen and


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88 The University

graduates are not eligible to compete. In 1920, the first and second
honors were awarded, respectively, to Jacob J. Goshkin and Clifford
Taylor Mc Kinney.

Chicago Alumni Medal. — The Chicago Alumni Association of the
University of Michigan offers annually a bronze medal as a testi-
monial for excellence in oratory. The medal, designed by Mr. Louis
H. Sullivan, of Chicago, is given to the student who is awarded the
first honor in the University Oratorical Contest.

Paul Gray Testimonial. — In 1920, Paul Gray, of Detroit, set
aside an endowment of $3,000 for the stimulation of interest at the
University in the annual oratorical contest. From the interest accru-
ing therefrom the sum of $100 is awarded to the student receiving
first honor at the annual contest, and $50 to the student receiving
second honor.

Northern Oratorical League

The Northern Oratorical League is composed of the oratorical
associations of the University of Michigan, Northwestern University,
the University of Wisconsin, the State University of Iowa, the Uni-
versity of Minnesota, and the University of Illinois. Its purpose is
to foster an interest in public speaking and to elevate the standard
of oratory, by holding annual contests. The contests are open only
to undergraduates.

Lowden Testimonial. — To encourage public speaking in the uni-
versities whose oratorical associations compose the Northern Ora-
torical League, the Honorable Frank O. Lowden, of Chicago, in 190 1
established an endowment fund, amounting to $3,500, and placed it in
the hands of the Regents of the State University of Iowa, as trustees.
From the interest annually accruing therefrom the sum of $100 is
awarded to the person receiving first honor at the annual contest of
the Northern Oratorical League, and $50 to the person receiving sec-
ond honor.

Central Debating League

The Central Debating League is composed of the debating asso-
ciations of the University of Michigan, Northwestern University,
and the University of Chicago. Its purpose is to discuss, in public,
leading questions of the day, and in this way to develop ready and
useful speakers. These debates are open only to undergradnates.

Couzcns Testimonial. — The Honorable James Couzens, of Detroit,
has been providing each year, for several years past, the sum of $300,
to l>e awarded in equal amounts to the six students who shall repre-
sent the University in the Central Debating League.


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Oratorical Associations 89

Al£^er Medals. — As a -memorial to the late Senator Russell A.
Alger, who established the Alger Medals, Mrs. Alger contributes
annually the sum of $125 for the purpose of furnishing appropriate
medals for the six men who appear in the Central League debates.

Midwest Debating League

The Midwest Debating League includes the universities of Mich-
igan, Wisconsin, and Illinois. In this triangular organization each
university debating association maintains an affirmative and a nega-
tice debating team. Three debates occur simultaneously, the last
Friday in March, one at each university. These debates are open only
to nndergraduates.

Gray Testimonials. — ^The John S. Gray heirs, of Detroit, pro-
vide annually the sum of $300, to be awarded in equal amounts of '
$50 as testimonials to the six students who shall represent the Uni-
versity in the Midwest debates.

As a memorial to the late John S. Gray these prizes are desig-
nated by his heirs as the John S. Gray Testimonials.

Gray Medals. — ^The John S. Gray heirs also provide annually
$135 for appropriate gold medals to be given to the six students who
shall represent the University in the debates of the Midwest League.
These are to be known as the John S. Gray Medals,

Michigan High School Debating League

In 191 7 the Extension Division of the University, in coopera-
tion with the department of Public Speaking and Library Extension
Service, organized the Michigan High School Debating League.
Already one hundred twenty schools have joined the League. The
League seeks to promote effective public speaking and the use of
good English and to stimulate public discussion of state and national
questions. Preliminary debates are held looking towards a state
debate to be held in Ann Arbor on Friday night of the interscholastic
field meet. Further information may be obtained from Ray K.
Immel, Assistant Professor of Public Speaking, The University.

Lecture Course

In addition to the local and intercollegiate contests in debate and
oratory offered on its course, the Oratorical Association provides each
year, at a low price of admission, an attractive course of lectures and
readings, with the special end in view of developing a strong interest
in the art of public speaking in the University community, and of
affording opportunity of seeing and hearing the most distinguished
authors and public men of the day.


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90 The University


The Michigan Union

The University of Michigan Union was organized and incorpo-
rated under the laws of the State of Michigan in 1904 to establish a
University social center; to provide a meeting place for faculty,
alumni, former students, and resident students of the University; to
furnish a home for alumni when in Ann Arbor, and a place for
wholesome relaxation for students, so that their leisure ^me, their
amusements, and their student interests, through the medium of the
University atmosphere of the Union, might become a component part
of their education. The Union, furthermore, seeks to inculcate educa-
tional ideals through its student activities; for as a social center it
encourages and stimulates activities that are for the welfare and en-
jo3rment of the student body, and the result is a richer, more intense
University life, a product of the students' own work. This develops
group-spirit, a sense of loyalty to the community served, pride in
work accomplished, a widened circle of friendships, and broadened
experience and viewpoint of life. The Union, in emphasizing the
social values of education, complements the work of the University
in its endeavor to graduate "broadly*' educated men and citizens.

The Union serves also as a democratizing influence in the stu-
dent body. It recognizes no artificial barriers nor distinctions and,
seeks to fit Michigan men for the performance of their duties as
good citizens.

The government of the Michigan Union is vested in the Board
of Directors. It consists of seven students, six alumni, including
the General Secretary of the Alumni Association, three members of
the Faculty, and the General Manager, Financial Secretary and Gen-
eral Secretary, ex ofiicio. The President, the five Vice-Presidents
representing the several schools and colleges in the University, and
the Recording Secretary are students. The activities of the Union
are conducted through departments in charge of several officers, and
through standing and special committees authorized by the Board of
Directors. The interests of the Union are as broad as are the student
interests. As a result, well over a thousand students are members of
some department or committee engaged in Union work. And almost
all University men find that the Union enters largely into their
University life through the facilities it offers them to employ their
time and interests.

The New Union Building is now practically finished Among
its many attractions, the building provides a swimming pool, six
bowling alleys, a barber shop, a billiard room with twenty-four tables,
A lounging room, restaurant service including a cafeteria, a women's
dining room, a main dining room, and an Assembly Hall, adapted to
use for banquets, meetings, conventions, smokers, concerts, and dances.
Forty-nine sleeping rooms, accommodating 68 persons, and designed


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Other Organisations 91

for alcmmi and guests of members. The building will be the head-
quarters and gathering place for all Michigan men to which stu-
dents, alumni, former students, and faculty are eligible.

The entire cost of the land, building, and equipment has been
met by gifts of alumni, students, and friends of the University,
without any cost whatsoever to the State. About twenty thousand
members of University's constituency have subscribed to this splen-
did gift.

Between twelve and fifteen hundred meetings including informal
lectures, class and departmental meetings, dinners, and society affairs
are held at the Union during the year. Departmental faculty meet-
ings are held at the Union periodically for the discussion, in an in-
formal way, of questions relating to the University departmental

The Union maintains rooming and boarding lists and furnishes
other activities for the benefit of the student body, and in conjunc-
tion with the University Y. M. C. A. assists students in finding

The kinds of membership to which all Michigan men are eligible
are as follows:

Student Annual Membership. — Fee, $5.00, fixed by the Board
of Directors, and by Resolution of the Board of Regents adopted
June 14, 1918. This fee is incorporated in the annual tuition of
every man student of the University.

Non-Resident Annual Membership, — The Constitution provides
that persons eligible to membership who live at a distance greater
than 60 miles from Ann Arbor are classified as non-resident members
and annual dues for such members- are set at $5.00 a year.

Resident Annual Members, — Provision is also made for persons
eligible to membership who live within the 60-mile radius. By such
members the resident membership of $10.00 is paid annually.

Life Membership. — Fee, $50.00 for students during their last year
of residence at the University of Michigan, or within one year there-
after; $100.00 for all other persons eligible for membership.

Participating Life Members. — ^The constitution provides for the
payment of life membership dues in five equal annual installments.
During the period of these payments the applicant is enrolled as a
participating life member and upon payment of the last installment
becomes, fpso facto, a life member.

The Women's League

The Women's League, organized in 1890, is the clearing house
for all women's activity in the University. It aims to unify the
women in the interests of the University, both academic and social.


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92 The University

Every University womaa is a member of the Women's league by
virtue of the membership fee of one dollar which is included in the
registration fee of the University. In the thirty years of its activity
the Women's League has assisted in raising funds for Barbour Gym-
nasium and the parlors which serve the purpose of a women's build-
ing; for Palmer Field, the women's athletic grounds; and it has been
the spiritual pioneer in the movement for residence halls, resulting in
the gifts of Helen Newberry Residence, the Martha Cook Building,
Alumnae House, and Betsy Barbour Residence. The work of the
Women's League is carried on by a system of committees. The Social
Committee and the House Committee cooperate to make the parlors
connected with Barbour Gymnasium the center of social activities
among all University women. The Intercollegiate Committee or-

Online LibraryUniversity of MichiganCatalogue of the University of Michigan → online text (page 7 of 75)