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are expecting to see. Ellen improving very well, rested Well serving
out provisions to last three days. Saw four ships, at 3-15 P M The
Pilot came on Board, in the Evening got a glimpse of Long Island. Bad
Headache.

Sunday 10th June

Morning very calm, 11.30 A. M, Land ahead. My Wife very poorly,
at eleven A M Pres at [President] S H Hill convened a Meeting amid-
ships at which Capt. Stephen Adey, Dr. Summerville were present. A
vote of thanks was accorded them by all the Passengers. Capt Adey
Briefly responded. He spoke favourably of the conduct of his passen-
gers, said he never wished to cross with a better lot of people & & and
wished us continued prosperity on our Way to Utah, also Doctor Sum-
merville briefly but favourably responded. A Vote of Thanks was given



DIARY OF WILLIAM DRIVER 47

for S H Hill president, also Votes for his councilors Raymond and
Fulmer, to Stewards Dolton and Friday. Three cheers were given for
each of those officers and the Meeting terminated, several sails in sight.
Captain Adey has been kind to the passengers and I will say on the
Part of the Crew that a more social and agreeable lot of sailors as a
whole could not be met with, their conduct towards us has been all that
we could expect. 3.30 P M passed Sandy Hook light Boat, We are
now off the Batteries. A more magnificent sight I never Saw at about
six oc P M we cast anchor near the Mouth of Hudson River. The Medi-
cal Officer Boarded but the Captain not being ready at a moment call
our examination is posponed till tomorrow at 9 oc A M. Public Prayers.

Monday llth

Morning misty cleared off and is now beautiful, at 9 A M Weighed
anchor, went down the Hudson to Castle Gardens. 17 It is a place
formerly a theatre appropriate [d] by the U. S. Government for the
reception of Emigrants, is a very large circular building. Emigrants
were laying in groups upon the boards in promiscus heaps, Men and
Women without apparently any regard for decency. These were mostly
German and Irish. There is a General Information Office, An Exchange,
A Railway Ticket Office, also a Rostrum From which an appointed
speaker gave information to Emigrants, [and] A provision Store. A
pint of Milk and small loaf 20 cents. It is lighted at night with Twelve
jets of Gas. We were informed previous to Landing that there were 7
thousand Emigrants before us. We are informed we might be ready to
start out at 11 P M. We found it extremely difficult to reach Peck Slip,
mistook our way. Weary, Dispirited and perplexed we reached the
Steam Boats to steam to New Haven, Conn.

Tuesday 12th

Took Cars at Newhaven, 18 reached Hartford, Connecticut at 8:30
A M. Stoped an hour and Changed Cars at Springfield, Massachusets,
passed Holy Oak [Holyoke?], Northampton, Granfi [Greenfield?], into
the State of Vermont at South Vernon. Broke a coupling Pin. Most
of Women and children hereabout are without shoes an stockings.
I suppose tis for comfort. Passed Brattleborough, Dummerston, Put-
ney @ Westminster and Mill Falls. Night in Train.



17. Castle Garden: leased by the state of New York as an immigrant station
in 1855 and supervised by a board of commissioners ; located at the lower end of
Manhattan Island. The immigrant station was transferred from Castle Garden to Ellis
Island on January 1, 1892.

18. On the Connecticut Valley Railroad.



48 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

Wednesday 13th

Luggage Train on Fire. Bros Bates, Pain, Tracey, Miller and
others lost a great portion of their luggage, some lost nearly all they
had occurred at St Albans, 19 met a body of British troops on the
scout for Fenians at St Alexander, lost pollys police [valise?]. Polly
very poorly, stopt at St Johns on the Richelieu River where some sol-
diers informed [me] a fight had occurred between them and Fenians, 20
crossed Victoria Tubular Bridge over the River St Lawrence to Mon-
treal, Capital of Lower Canada, stop all night at St. Aoaro, our best
Bag of Clothes we have found burnt, company allowed us fifty-five dol-
lors damages. Stayed in a Railway shed. Grain Trucks were provided
for us to Travel in. Rain, Thunder and Lightning kept us up most all
night.

Thursday 14th

In the morning at eleven oclock we moved out in the Trucks for
Detroit Junction 350 miles, stopped at "Point Clare," at Lancaster and
Cornwall. Met a body of Troops who were expecting a Fenian attack
on Cornwall, stopped at Landing [Dickinson's Landing?] and Aults-
ville, Williamsburg, Matilda. Traveling all night. Saw soldiers several
places on the Route.

Friday 15th

Stopped at Nappanhe, Harmonville and Belleville, fine morn. An
English shilling here passes for fifteen pence Canadian. An American
Dollar Green Back 66 cents. 21 Those of us who changed our Gold at
New York Did so at a great disadvantage as we found when we ten-
dered our Greenback for provisions, in some cases they were con-
sidered Worthless. Stoped at Brighton, Coburg, passed alongside Lake
Ontario and Stoped at Port Hope, a Beautiful Town on The Lake
Ontario at Newcastle, arriving at the City of Toronto at 7 P. M, 333
Miles from Montreal. Left Toronto in the Evening and traveled to
Sarnia, a distance of 186 miles.

Saturday 16th

Fine Morning, ribs Tender Through sleeping on the Hard boards
of a jolting Car. Train parted yesterday, Bro Boulden was left behind
about one Mile, stopped at Hamburgh, at St Marys. Bought Qt Milk
for 10 cents. Arrived at Sarnia, a Town on Lake Huron, The Terminus



19. About fifteen miles south of the Canadian border and east of Lake Cham-
plain.

20. The Fenians, or Irish Revolutionary Brother-Republics, planned to Beize
Canada in order to coerce Britain into granting Irish freedom. They were active
along the border from 1866 to 1870.

21. The greenback sold for 46c gold in New York in January, 1865, and in
December for 68c.



DIARY OF WILLIAM DRIVER 49

of the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada, at 1/4 to 4 P M, 186 Miles
from Toronto, crossed The River St Clare in a steam Boat, stayed all
night in the Depot, a dirty lousy place with about 1000 Germans, a set
of filthy people. Took supper at an Hotel in Port Huron, Paid 50 cents
Each. A German Bros Child, who was born on the Ship Caroline, Died
in the Night, Port Huron in State Michigan.

Sunday June 17th

Morning Fishing in the River St Clare, since leaving London
We shifted luggage at following place
1st at New York into a steamer
2nd into steamer at Peck Slip
3rd into Cars at Newhaven
4th onto Cars at Montreal
5th into Cars at Port Huron
6th into Cars at Chicargo
7 into Cars at Quincey

Wet afternoon, stopped all Night at Michigan Connection or Detroit
Junction. Wet and stormy Night, slept in a first class Car.

Monday 18th

Wet Morning, left the Train to find a place to buy Milk, 20 cents
for loaf, Butter 36c Ib, a Lady treated me very kindly, left Detroit
Junction at 12 A M, stopped at Munro [Monroe] junction, at Dexter,
State Michigan, at Chelsea @ Jackson, traveling all Night.

* * *

London to G. S. L. City

Distance Table

London to New York 3500 miles

New York to New Haven 73

New haven to Montreal 400

Montreal to Toronto 333

Toronto to Sarnia 186
Crossed River to Port Huron

Port Huron to Michigan Con 59

Conection [Detroit] Junction to Chicargo 222

Chicargo to Quincy 216

Quincy to St. Joseph 206

St. Joseph to Wyoming 170

Wyoming to G S L City 1100

Approximate Distance 6465



50 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

Tuesday 19th

This morning at 6 oc A M a terrible accident brought us up sud-
denly, 1 Carriage 4 Wheels off, 1 ["Carriage"] Top knocked off, one side
and end Broken in, 1 [carriage] Thrown across the Rail, 1 Thrown
completely over on its side, we were obliged to batter in the end to
get the people out, 3 Carriages off metal [the tracks] not turned over.
It seems miraclous how such a castastrope could occur and no one be
seriously injured as the cars were all full of passengers. A Bro and
Sister White from Paddington rece d injuries, also a little boy of Sis
Guivers, tis a distressing sight. Campt and cooked on the Railway,
track cleared and we were started again at 1/2 past 12, a Lady gave
me potatoes and Pork, all Persons who saw this disaster say it is a
miracle 22 how we escaped with our lives, brought children back to
station, got humbugged with our luggage. Wife and children sitting
on a Bank in the Broiling Sun. 4 Cars completely mashed. Occurred
at Buchanan 189 miles from Detroit, 25 to 2, Couplin broke. Stopped
at Michigan City on the shore of Michigan Lake. Passing over a flat
country swarming with gnats. Passed Illinois Central Junction about
20 to 8, arrived in Chicargo about 9PM. Slept on the floor of a shed.
Weather very hot. Chicargo is situate on the shore of Lake Michigan
and is in the State of Illinois.

Wednesday 20th

Noon still at Chicargo, help to shift Luggage from the Cars. Left
Chicargo about 5PM after waiting 20 Hours for the Cars. Train
stopped at Lyons, Illinois. Bro Hill angry in consequence of some
Brethren refusing to leave seats to make room for the Sisters, passed
through a fine level country. Traveled all night. Weather very hot,
polly very sick.

Thursday 21st

Train stopped at Kenewa [Kewanee?], Illinois Wataga arrived
at Quincey [Quincy] at 3.30, Stopped to get refreshment, shift Lug-
gage several men were loud in their Declamations against the Mor-
mons, Brigham in Particular. Some were against such expression and
wished us as a people our Rights. Went on Board Steamboat on the
Mississippi at 5 past 5PM, all well, weather very hot indeed. Quin-
cey [Quincy] is a Town on the Mississippi River and in the state of
Illinois, left West Quincy [Missouri] at 1/4 to 7, assisted to shift
Luggage from the Steamboat to the Cars on Hannibal and St Joe's
Rail Road. A Heavy storm, Thunder, Lightning & rain This Morning,
saw Fire flies Traveling on Cars all Night.



22. "The railroad employees said, 'It is a d Mormon miracle.' " William

Driver in Orson F. Whitney, History of Utah, iv, 301.



DIARY OF WILLIAM DRIVER 51

Friday 22nd

Heavy Thunder Storm while stopping at Cameron, Missouri.
Stopped at Kippen. Fearful rocking Traveling, cars rocked very much,
passed large tracts of good land unoccupied. Bought 2 Quarts Milk
10 cents. Family pretty well. Rain pouring in Torents 11-5 A M,
reached St Joseph, Mo at 3.30 P M. Lodged in a Shed at St Josephs.

Saturday 23rd

All Day at St Josephs, some of the people here are very bitter
against the Mormons.

Sunday 24th

Left St Joe's per "Steam Boat St Joseph" at 6 A M. Family all
pretty well, weather very hot, on board all Night.

Monday 25th

On board steamboat stoped at Burlington, Nebraska Ty, Rock
point Landing, Mo, to discharge stores. Weather very hot all night
on Board.

Tuesday 26th

Arrived at Wyoming 23 [Nebraska Territory] at 6 oc A M, Got
the Luggage unto the Camping Ground, Built the Tent, aired clothes,
attended Public Prayers, Bought 1 Pound Bacon 25s, 10 Flour 5c, 2
oz Tea, 1 Ib Sugar, undressed first time for 13 Days.

Wednesday 27th

Still in camp, met Jim Kemp, attended a camp meeting, Bro T
Taylor urged upon the Saints to give up their Money to buy provisions
for the Poor as he was very short of Cash.

Thursday 28th

In Camp all Day, Sister Ellen Pankhurst loaned us 50 cents,
afterwards Charlotte gave her a bodice in Liquidation.

Friday 29th

Still in Camp, the Weather since we landed has been very clear
and beautiful but very hot, received 20 Dolls, 3 Dolls on Store, 32 Dolls
toward liquidating expenses on over weight of Luggage and expense
of Transit across the plains From Bro T Taylor, being 55 Dolls 24 for



23. The towns of Wyoming and Nebraska City are situated on the west bank
of the Missouri river, about forty and fifty miles respectively south of Omaha. They
were points of departure for wagon trains following the Mormon Trail along the
north bank of the North Platte river.

24. I interpret this statement to mean that he received $20 in cash, $3 credit at
the commissary, and that Brother Taylor retained $32 in part payment of Mr.
Driver's travel expense.



52 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

Damage to goods by fire on the Railroad at St Albans. Paid for Tea
per Ib 2 Dols [and] 25s, flour 5c, Sugar 20, Bacon 25c.

Saturday, Sunday, and Monday in Camp at Wyoming Tuesday,
Wednesday, and Thursday at Work for Mr. Gregg, Nebraska [City?].
Friday at Wyoming, Saturday went to visit Jim Kemp, Nebraska
City, Walked back. Sunday in Camp.

Monday 9th

At Wyoming Bro Bullock promised to get me off by the first Ox
Train.

Tuesday 10th
Captain Whites Mule train started from Camp.

Wednesday llth

Captain Chipmans Ox Train left the Camp, up to 15 [wagon
trains?] in Camp preparing to start across the Plains. Bro Bullock
very kind.

Monday 16th

Left the Camping Ground and moved out 1/2 Mile. Train consists
of 64 Teams, Captains Holliday & Patterson, Chaplin [Chaplain] E
T Stocking, Clerk John Shepherd.

Tuesday 17th in Camp

Wednesday 18th

Traveled about 5 Miles, Bros. Bullock and Gillet came on and
Organized the Camp.

Thursday 19th
Traveled 3 Miles.

Friday 20th
Traveled a short Distance.

Saturday 21st

Made 2 journies. Captain paid 50 Dollars Damages for Cattle
getting in persons fields, spoke very severe to Teamsters.

Sunday 22nd

Traveled 6 miles, Camped, Baptised Sister Rosomonce [Rosa-
mond?] Thorp 7 times, died in Night.

Monday 23rd

Sister Thorp burried 30 miles from Nebraska City. Traveled
some Distance. Heavy Thunderstorm, no wood, Heat 114 Degres.



DIARY OF WILLIAM DRIVER 53

Tuesday 24th

Traveled 8 Miles. Celebrated entrance of Pioneers into valley. 25
Ox Train passed us Dancing afternoon in the Corrall.

Wednesday 25th

Traveled 13 miles. Sister Merthelma Klosner Died and was
Burried. Passed Salina City. Heat 108 Degrees.

Thursday 26th

Traveled about 16 miles, campt on "Walnut Creek" and on
"Salt Creek." Heat 116 Degrees.

Friday 27th

Traveled 16 miles, 2 journies. Heat 121 D. Tin smashed. 26
Camped at "Beaver Creek."

Saturday 28th

Wednesday night camped on salt Creek and Thursday on the
"Big Blue," went 6 miles and campt Saturday A Heavy Thunder
Storm, got very wet, Great scarcity of wood. Heat 112.

Sunday 29th

Fine Morning campt at "Lone Tree" Ranche, 107 Miles from
Nebraska City. Heat 120 Deg.

Monday 30th

Traveled about 10 Miles A Man refused Water to our people,
got from Capt Holladay 21 Ib Flour, 3 Bacon, campt at Little Blue
creek, afternoon Traveled, campt at Dark. Distance 20 Miles. Tempest
at Night. Bad Water, no Wood.

Tuesday 31st

Very Windy, Campt at Noon, No wood, Bad Water, one Pint of
water produced 1/2 pint sheer Mud. 2 of Bro Bune's Oxen were acci-
dentaly shot by a Brother Oliver from St Louis, Mo. Camped on
"Platte River." 2 ?

Wednesday Aug 1st

Fine morning, camped at 1/2 past 10 A M. Had from Captain
1 1/2 pint Molassas, 1/2 packet Salaratus, 2 8 1/2 Ib salt, 1/2 Soap Saw



25. July 24, 1847.

26. This passage is legible, but the meaning is obscure.

27. They met the California Trail from Independence, Missouri, at about this
point.

28. The Saleratus weed : "the common glass wort ; literally, aerated salt, potassium
bicarbonate or sodium bicarbonate." It was used by the pioneers in making bread.



54 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

the Praire on Fire and also 3 Tons of Hay, went about 10 miles, campt
at Dark Through the whole distance from Wyoming every day we
have seen several carcasses of Dead Oxen. Captain Holladay gave
the company some good advice relative to the manner they should con-
duct themselves towards the inhabitants of this Country, cited in-
stances were [where] passing Emigrants had been imposed upon and
abused, cautioned the folks against taking anything that do not belong
to them, not even a stick of wood.

Thursday Aug 2nd

Fine Morning, Campt at Noon, met several Teams with people
returning from the Valley who gave us a bad account of the state of
affairs. Water Sulphurous, a camp of 600 Indian left here a few days
ago. Traveled 20 Miles.

Friday 3rd

Fine morning, passed Fort Kearney, campt at Kearney, Traveled
again and Campt at "Dark." Felt rather sick.

Saturday 4th

Fine morning, myself very sick, unable to walk, traveled all day,
Campt at Dark.

Sunday 5th

Windy morning, myself very Sick. Bro Klosner was burried, aged
28 "A Dutchman." Bro W Bates Waggon ran over his Daughter
Lizzy. Past the Graves of sister Garner aged 14, Captain Chipmans
Train, Burried July 25th, made one journey, Campt on the "Platte
River," saw the Praire on Fire.

Monday 6th

A Large Rattle snake came direct to our waggon and was killed,
myself very sicke made 2 journies, campt at Dark.

Tuesday 7th

Very sick all day, unable to walk. Traveled about 22 miles. Campt
before sunset, very cold through the night.

Wednesday 8th

Fine Morning. Very cold, still very sick, campt at Noon, family
well, come 13 miles. Bro W Bates boy William ran over by his Wag-
gon, over both legs, started about 6 oc P M, got benighted, Train be-
came disorganized, none seemed to know where we were going. Cap-
tain Holladay thrown from his horse, a Bro from St Louis broke the
Tongue off his Waggon, Bro Jacobs Cattle Broke loose and left him
one yoke to haul his waggon. Sister Grace Jacobs died, aged 42, no
Wood.



DIARY OF WILLIAM DRIVER 55

Thursday 9th

Sister Jacobs hurried near The Graves of A Man, Woman, and
child who were murdered by Indians, and we saw the Ruins of their
House which they Burnt, myself a little recovered. Past Cottonwood
Military Station, 29 very sandy ground, Wind very Boisterous, campt
at dark.

Friday 10th

very sick, passed a Lodge of Soux Indians, no wood, Famly Well,
made 2 journys.

Saturday llth

Fine Morning, myself Better in Health, past 3 Graves, one of
a Mr Cooper, past over a very rough road, Camped at Dark.

Sunday 12th

Myself Better, fine morning, a large snake killed, made 2 Journies,
camped near the Platte River, No Wood.

Monday 13th

Fine Morning, feel very faint, started at 5 A M, made two long
Journies, rode with Bro W Bates.

Tuesday 14th

Fine Morning, journeyed to Old California Crossing, 30 Tea here is
3 Dollars per Ib afternoon crossing the South Fork of Platte River,
One of Bro Bunes Waggon Turned over in the River wett'g his goods
and throwing 5 of his family into the Water, our Waggon crossed the
River in 25 m [minutes?] camped on North side, Sold 3 pairs of
Woolen Socks for 4 Dollars, we have sold also a Shawl for 8 Dollars

Wednesday 15th

Fine Morning, Staid all Day in camp to dry cloths etc Wetted
while crossing the River, Held a Meeting in the afternoon, Capt Hol-
lidays Instructions from Bishop Hunter etc read to the Camp, Waggon
all to be Loaded with sufficient freight, Any passenger Dicing not hav-
ing any relations Effects to be taken to F E Office 30a in case such per-
sons are indebted to P E F Company, instructed Teamsters to be kind
to passengers And to be careful with Firearms, not to be put into Wag-
gons capped. Captain Patterson and Chaplin stocking spoke, Capt
Holliday Dismissed [the meeting].



29. This was probably Fort McPherson.

30. On the South Platte river, near Big Spring, Nebraska.

30a. The Mormon Church established the Perpetual Emigrating Fund in the fall
of 1849.



56 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

Thursday 16th

Fine Morning, Wedding Day, camp moved out for Ash Hollow
17 Miles Distant, no Water the Whole distance, first 10 Miles continual
rise in the Ground Which is Barren and Parchd, Great many sun-
flowers and Prickley Pears, last 7 miles very rough and Rocky, the
whole country seemed to have been Terribly convulsed at some time,
Hills and Vales jagged rocks and fearful precipices made up the
country for 7 miles, one Waggon Thrown over which [while] decend-
ing very steep Hill, Camped at Ashhollow, Human bones found.

Friday 17th

Left Ashhollow at 6-40 A M, Traveled till 11 oc over a sandy
Road, very hard on the Cattle, Walked all the journey, camped on
the North Platt River, started 1-45 oc, camped at 7, Traveled over
sand hills, Grass good, part of the way very Luxurant, no wood.

Saturday 18th

Fine Morning, a large Train passed us going East, Train started
at 7-35, camped at 12, Good feed, better Roads, very hot, started at
3PM, killed several snakes, camped at 6 P M 30 [6:30 P. M.], Crossed
sand hills afterwards good Roads and Feed for Cattle.

Sunday 19th

Fine Morning, Camp moved at 7-45, saw the first Trees for a long
distance, killed a rattle snake, started again at 2.30, Roads very sandy
all these Journies, Country generaly very Parched, crossed a stream,
Camped near a grave, some Wild animal had made a large hole into
it, Sister Elizth Oliver for [from] St Louis, Mo, died age 17, we have
had 5 Deaths on the Right Wing on Camp.

Monday 20th

Fine Morning, burried Elizth Oliver very hot started at 9-30,
sandy Roads started at 4 P M, got first view of chimney Rock, camped
on very sandy Ground, No wood, slight shower.

Tuesday 21st

Fine Morning, started at 7-15, crossed a stream, 31 passed court
house Rock standing out on the plains resembling in the distance a
ruined Ampheatre, started at 4 P M, Pretty good Traveling, camped
about 4 miles from Chimney Rocky.

Wednesday 22nd

Fine Morning, Train Moved at 7-30, Went to Chimney Rock,
accended to the chimney, cut my Name near its base, killed a very



81. Probably the Pumpkin (or Pumpkinseed) Creek.



DIARY OF WILLIAM DRIVER 57

large snake, went about 10 miles, heard the Report that Chipmans
Train 32 had been attacked by Indians, 90 head of Cattle stolen and
several killed. Traveld about 18 miles.

Thursday 23

Fine Morning, Train started at 7-15, Passed Scotts bluffs, a rough
rugged Rocky Road, Passed Fort Michel, went P M about 8 miles,
roads pretty good.

Friday 24th

Fine Morning, Crossed a running stream, saw Indians, Traveled
about 20 Miles over good Road and crossed several small hills, Camped
near the River.

Saturday 25th

Fine Morning, Started at 7.30, Traveled over very bad sand hills
about 10 Miles, started at 3 P M, caught 10 fish today, Traveled over a
very high hill and Camped 8 miles from Fort Larimae [Laramie],
saw Indians. Family Well. Bro Lambs baby Lilly Died aged 9
months.

Sunday 26th

Traveled over a very high and Lengthy Sand hill, arrived at Fort
Laramie Where our Arms were inspected by the Marshal who in-
formed us That all the Indians on the Road were Hostile, That Chip-
mans Train had been attacked and had lost 150 head of Cattle and he
could not say how many Women and Children had been massacreed,
cautioned us not to be off our Guard one Minute. Traveled about 12
miles. Burried Bro Lambs infant. Started at 6 oc P M, Traveled over
a rough Road Through a Rain storm, my Wife very much frightened
coming down a precipice in the Dark, campt at 9 oc P M, very Wet
Night.

Monday 27th

Fine Morning, Traveled 2 1/2 hours and Camped. Afternoon Drive
across the Black Hills [Laramie Mountains], left the Platte River
the Whole Distance, 2 Oxen died, sighted Laramie Peak, Camped in
a Hollow near a stream, Plenty of good Water, name of Place "Bitter
[Cottonwood] Creek," 26 Men were put on Night Guard in conse-
quence of Indians, sister Inghams child born.

Tuesday 28th

Fine Morning, Train started at 8 A. M. Traveled 10 miles over
the Black Hills, Roads very Rocky, camped at 12-30, plenty of Wood
and Water, started at 5 P M Passed the Twin springs, camped at
Dusk, near a Striam, plenty of Wood, Hops and Cherries, in the Night
the Wolves were Howling.



32. The plains Indians were on the warpath in the summer of 1866.



58 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

Wednesday 29th

Train started at 8 A M, Traveled over a rough and Hilly road,
camped at 1-40, 2 Oxen Died, started at 4 P M, Went over a steep Hill,
Traveled till 10 oc P M, camped at "Little Labonte" [La Bonte], on
the 19 Chipman lost 90 Bullocks, 5 Cows, 3 Horses, Taken by Indians,
he had 8 Deaths in his Comp'y.

Thursday 30th

Fine Morning, Train started at 9 A M, made a long drive, camped
at 3 P M, started again at 1/2 past 4, Traveled in the morning over a
Hilly Road, camped at 7.30 at Box Elder Creek, heavy rain in Night,
afternoon Pretty good Road.

Friday 31st

Showery Morning, Train started at 9 A M, past near 4 Graves
of Persons killed by Indians also Elder John Macdonalds grave, Train
started about 5 P-M, crossed 3 streams of Water, Campt at Dusk
short of Wood.

Saturday Sep 1st

Fine Morning, very cold crossed Deer Creek when [where] the
station had been distroyed by Indians, several thousand Dollars dam-
age, made 2 journies, campt on a small creek, Bro Young lost his



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