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When, in a time of homesickness, Ralph offered to sell his
hacienda to one of them, the man laughed in his face. "Some-



RALPH ELMO McFIE 83

day, me own your land all for nothing. Why buy?"

Then it was he began to beg big ships to make his gulf
a shipping point. He wrote to every official about fortifying it,
wrote letter on letter to Washington about the ultimate need
of garrisoning Davao Bay. The only result was that Gov.
Leonard Wood, after his appointment, came down to look
over the situation. Nothing came of it, however, except
Ralph's appointment to be vice-governor of Mindanao
Province.

It was when he was vested with this dignity that the
Japs decided to be friendly with him. It was then he learned
why they had stopped bothering him years before. It was
the fact that he had stabilized the food problem in that
whole region when an earthquake and volcanic eruption
occurred, in the third year he was there. At that time, Ralph
had introduced irrigation on his acres so that he had crops
when others didn't and were on the point of starving. As
such occurrences were common, nobody had ever thought
anything could be done about it but Ralph did. Too, that
first time, he sent for rice enough to feed his friendly Igorote
tribe through the season till new food grew.

It had impressed the Japs, anyway. Perhaps it had
the Moros. They took up the idea of a big harbor. Ralph
always said that without their help the Anglos could never
have made it the splendid harbor it became. His dealings
with the Japs were constant now. All the planters hired
Japs, not that they wanted to, simply their expanding haci-
endas had to have laborers and there were only Japs for
hire! All their haciendas were having wonderful, steady
crops. Warehouses were bulging. It was imperative that
big boats should come to Davao and a delegation came
asking Ralph to go to Manila to persuade shipping com-
panies to do it. Ralph went.

In vain he limped from company to company showing
his handful of wonderful hemp, giving facts and figures,
pleading for Davao to be made a port of call. None would
listen. It was too damned far off. A whole thousand miles !



84 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

At this low ebb in his courage, the news of the World
War came over the cable. Ralph sent a capable overseer
down to Davao, and took the first steamer for home in the
states.

On the tramp steamer he took influenza in the virulent
form of 1918. He lay on the deck of the churning little
steamer, hemorrhaging until he could not raise his head.
Practically the whole boat was in a similar condition ; many
already had died. So many, indeed, that on arrival at Kobe,
Japan, the boat docked and went no further. Japan too was
in the throes of the epidemic.

Mercifully a missionary came to the boat. He took
Ralph and an Englishman from Borneo home with him,
nursed them to recovery, helped them procure passage back
to their homes. My poor brother now had to use two canes
instead of one. The flu had undermined his wonderful con-
stitution. He was never to be robust again. The flu, not the
tropics, had "got" him.

Yet two splendid things came of that terrible experi-
ence. Ralph had been impressed with the missionary's type
of Christian Japanese. He was so impressed that, the next
year after seeing the situation deteriorating at Davao among
the planters, he made another trip to Japan, and employed
a whole colony of Christian Japs. And he never regretted it.

The second thing was the interest in his project to bring
big boats to Davao. His English friend came to his help with
tales of the new development of oil in Borneo, and the close
proximity of Borneo to Davao Bay!

Soon big steamers were poking their noses into Ralph's
harbor, taking on great shipments of wonderful "Manila
hemp" for our U. S. navy. Davao Province was made.
Wealth poured in, to Anglo pockets and to Jap.

My brother dreamed of a sweetheart wife. Around
the wide porch on three sides of his beautiful mountain
home, seven miles inland from the town and port, he had
eighteen varieties of orchids abloom the year around. He
brought a Jap cabinet maker who made new, beautifully



RALPH ELMO McFIE 85

carved and adorned furniture. The double nets surrounding
the cot beds were of the finest net of India. But he was sick
and lonely. Not even the arrival of young John Robert, Jr.,
to be his right hand man, upon the conclusion of the World
War, was able to satisfy his longing for a completeness of
homelife.

In 1925, the two brothers came home for a six months'
visit. On the boat, as they came through the Golden Gate in
his last bath aboard, a lurch sent Ralph so violently against
the side of the tub as to cause a violent hemorrhage which
took him to a hospital on landing. Nothing could be found,
in all that big hospital, to stop the flow of his lif eblood. He
made his will between spells of half unconsciousness and
was kept alive only by transfusions which our brother John
gave. Helplessly we saw him fade away, drained of blood
and strength.

But Ralph's arrival in the States had been an event well
publicized in the California newspapers. His desperate ill-
ness, also, got into print. And, as God willed, an old army
officer friend read about Ralph. He yanked on his coat, came
breathlessly to the hospital. And he stopped that flow of
lif eblood within the hour, an old, retired army doctor.

To make a long story shorter, Ralph married the pretty
nurse. Months later she went halfway around the world to
meet him, and they were married in Japan. In due time a
lovely daughter came to Ralph. Monthly he had pictures
taken of Mary Rhoda, who was named for both grand-
mothers.

But his health was going fast. A stroke slowed him
still more. In spite of good, loving nursing, he slipped into
the unknown, in far Davao. During those same months our
blessed father was going too, in Santa Fe. Ralph went first.
Papa was not told of the cable.

When mother and Ralph's favorite sister Toots (Ame-
lia's nickname) went to be with Mabel and Mary Rhoda in
their great loss, they heard the story.

It seems that his going was sudden in the end. Mabel



86 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

hardly had time to get help from Davao, seven miles away,
much less notify planter neighbors still further distant.
And, in such heat, burial has to be at once.

Mabel said that all that night, sitting with her dead, she
kept hearing the thudding of native drums in the mountains
and down the valleys, seemingly in every direction. It wor-
ried and frightened her. Next morning, when she arrived in
Davao for the burial which was to be at sea by Ralph's
express request of long standing with friends there she
was further alarmed to find Moros and Igorotes by scores
and hundreds in the town.

When the burial barge was brought to the dock which
Ralph had built, it was a bower of the most exquisite
orchids, orchids which those natives knew their old friend
and protector loved above all other flowers. In the night
watches their drums had spread the news of his passing, and
their remembering hearts had done the rest. Some of those
people had walked the whole night through to be there with
their offering.

It was a strange funeral service, even for isolated
Davao, Mindanao. There was the Japanese Protestant min-
ister. There stood the Catholic priest with his small train of
Filipino acolytes. And there, also, was the chief head-hunter
Igorote skullman to see that his friend had a tribal benedic-
tion.

As the watchers from the shore saw the body slip into
the harbor waters, they set up their tribal wailing for the
dead. It was a wierd difficult ending for the young widow
with her three-year-old child. But it was understood and
significant to those who heard. Never before in the mem-
ory of the oldest of the ancient priests, had it been raised in
the presence of a white man.



NECROLOGY
P. A. F. W.

Mark B. Thompson. Death came to Mark B. Thomp-
son, a veteran of the Spanish American war, on November
10, 1941, at Fort Bayard. He was born in Newton, Kansas,
on May 23, 1881. When only seventeen years of age, he
volunteered for service in the Spanish American war, and
attained the rank of lieutenant. Upon his return to Kansas,
he read law for more than two years in the office of L. H.
Thompson, a practicing attorney in the federal courts and
the Kansas state courts.

In 1904, Mark Thompson took up his residence at Ala-
mogordo and on January 4, 1906, was admitted to practice
before the New Mexico courts, upon motion of the late
Edward A. Mann. He came to Santa Fe and associated him-
self with the late Aloys B. Renehan in the practice of law in
the state capital. He was appointed district attorney with
headquarters at Las Cruces and as such prosecuted Wayne
Brazile for the slaying of Sheriff Pat Garrett who had
gained widespread fame as the peace officer who ended with
a bullet the notorious career of "Billy, the Kid." Thompson
became a close friend of Albert B. Fall in whose defense he
appeared during the Teapot Dome trials.

In 1928, Thompson moved to Phoenix, Ariz., where ill
health compelled his retirement from active practice in 1938.
However, he returned to New Mexico on August 6, 1938, and
resumed active practice until his last illness took him to the
U. S. hospital at Fort Bayard. The funeral occurred at Las
Cruces on Wednesday, November 12.

Arthur Earle Carr. Son of William and Rowena
Mooney Carr, was born on a farm near Centerville, Michi-
gan, April 14, 1884, and died at Santa Fe on November 26,
1941. In failing health for some years, he was active in busi-

87



88 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

ness up to the day of his death. He was seized with an attack
of heart failure, while attending- a theater performance and
died while being taken to St. Vincent's Sanitarium.

Carr graduated from the Centerville high school in
1902, and worked his way through higher institutions of
learning, attending Albion College, Michigan, 1903-1904;
Bradley Polytechnic Institute, Peoria, 111., 1908-1909, and
he obtained the degree of bachelor of laws from La Salle
Extension University, Chicago, on June 22, 1916. He was
superintendent of schools in successive years, at Nottowa,
Mich., 1904-1905; Bayfield, Colorado, 1906; Rockwood,
Colo., 1907 ; Chama, N. M., 1914-1918 ; supervisor of manual
training and athletics in the high school of Durango, Colo.,
1908-1914. In these six years he read law in the office of
Lieutenant Governor James A. Pullium, and was admitted
to the New Mexico bar on August 9, 1916, engaging in prac-
tice at Chama in that year. He was admitted before the
federal courts on August 6, 1917.

Upon coming to Santa Fe in 1918, Carr organized and
incorporated the Monero Fuel and Lumber Company, being
its general manager and president until 1936, when the
business was sold. Since then he had been engaged in the
real estate business in Santa Fe. Although interested in
politics and treasurer of the republican state committee
from 1935 to 1936, he never held political office. He served
on the local draft board and on the legal advisory board of
the American Red Cross during the last war.

Active for years in fraternal circles, he had been past
chancellor and district deputy of the Knights of Pythias;
past exalted ruler, president of the state association, deputy
grand exalted ruler for New Mexico and life member of the
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks ; and a member of
Chama Lodge No. 17 of the Ancient Free and Accepted
Masons. Interested in out-of-door sports, he belonged to the
Chama Rod and Gun Club and the LaJara Gun Club. A
member of the Presbyterian church, he also took part in
civic affairs.



NECROLOGY 89

Survived by his wife, Frances E. Hubbard, whom he
married in Durango, Colorado, on Christmas Day, 1906, he
also leaves three children, Carol Rowena, aged 18; Richard
Hubbard, aged 23, and Stanley, aged 21. Funeral services in
Santa Fe on November 29, 1941, were conducted by the
Rev. Kenneth Keeler of the First Presbyterian church, with
ceremonies by the Elks at the grave in Fairview Cemetery.

William Clifford Reid. The third of the older members
of the New Mexico Bar to die within three weeks of each
other, William Clifford Reid, was one of the few remaining
veterans who were admitted to practice before the turn of
the century. He too, like Attorney Mark Thompson who had
died less than a month before, was a veteran of the Spanish
American War, having attained the rank of captain.

Reid was born at Etna Green, Indiana, on December 16,
1868, graduated from the Warsaw, Ind., high school, and
later attended Purdue University. He read law and was
admitted to the bar in Ohio in 1894, and came to New Mex-
ico in the following year. Business manager of the Las
Vegas Daily Optic for one year, he was admitted to the
New Mexico bar forty-five years ago, practicing law in Las
Vegas until 1898, when he organized Company F, First
Territorial Infantry, which was mustered in for the Span-
ish American War.

In 1896-1897 he served as chief clerk of the house of
representatives of the territorial legislature. In 1901 he was
appointed assistant United States attorney, which position
he resigned in 1904 to take up private practice at Roswell
with the firm of Richardson, Reid and Hervey. In June,
1906, he was appointed attorney general of New Mexico by
Governor Herbert J. Hagerman. He retired when the latter
went out of office and formed a partnership with James M.
Hervey under the firm name of Reid & Hervey of Roswell.

In 1915, when he was named solicitor of the Atchison,
Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, he took up his residence in
Albuquerque where he was prominent in the industrial



90 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

development of the middle Rio Grande Valley and the
organization of the Bluewater and Toltec irrigation project.
Less than two weeks before his death, he was elected presi-
dent of the New Mexico Reclamation Association which he
had organized, and which on the day of his death, Monday,
December 1, was to have met at his law office to plan its
activities on behalf of reclamation in New Mexico.

Captain Reid had manifold interests. He was a well
known attendant at legislative sessions, both during terri-
torial days and later, and took a hand in helping to formulate
legislation of importance to the progress and prosperity of
the state. He was a staunch supporter of the public schools
and was instrumental many a time in securing advance pay-
ment of taxes by the A. T. & S. F. Railway to bridge over
deficient school budgets. He devoted years of endeavor to
develop the Bluewater irrigation project into a successful
enterprise and lent his talents and energy to the growth of
the Middle Rio Grande Conservancy district. He was senior
member at the time of his death of the law firm of Reid and
Iden. Among other business activities he was a director of
the Albuquerque National Bank and Trust Company. Cap-
tain Reid was popular socially and with Mrs. Reid enter-
tained frequently and generously both in Santa Fe and in
Albuquerque.

His death came suddenly, from heart failure at his
home, 1010 West Tijeras Avenue, Albuquerque. The funeral
took place on Wednesday, December 3, with Max Luna
Camp, Spanish American War Veterans, conducting the
services at the grave in Fairview Park, Albuquerque. He is
survived by his widow and their son, Thomas Reid of Ros-
well, Chaves county agricultural agent.

Crestus E. Little. One of five members of the New
Mexico Bar to have died during the three weeks from
November 10 to December 1, the death of Crestus E. Little
occurred at Roswell on November 19. He was a native of
Tremont, Mississippi, born on April 7, 1880, son of a farmer



NECROLOGY 91

who had served in the Confederate Army for four years, his
parents being J. B. and Florinda Little. After attending
Bowling Green, Kentucky, Business College, and the Normal
School at Valparaiso, Indiana, he taught school for twelve
years in northern Alabama.

In 1917, he received his degree from the law school of
the University of Arizona and the following year settled in
Roswell, being admitted to the New Mexico Bar in that year.
In 1923, he entered into partnership with C. 0. Thompson, a
partnership which was dissolved when Thompson moved to
San Bernardino, Calif.

Little was a Democrat in politics. Chancellor commander
of Damon Lodge No. 15, Knights of Pythias, at Roswell, he
went through all the chairs of this order as well as the
Independent Order of Odd Fellows.

He was married on October 4, 1905, at Falkville, Ala-
bama, to Callie Brown, a daughter of Charles W. and Mary
N. Brown, and they had four sons, Welton 0., Wendell E.,
Woodrow J., and Waldo B., who are all now in young man-
hood.



Oliver M. Lee. Oliver M. Lee, cattleman of Alamo-
gordo and former state senator, died on Dec. 15, 1941. He
was 75 years of age and had been in poor health for about
six months.

A pioneer Otero stockman, Lee had managed and owned
large ranches for nearly fifty years. The Lee ranch south-
east of Alamogordo is one of the largest in that section.

Lee came to New Mexico from Texas and immediately
took a prominent place in early day developments. He was
active in affairs of the New Mexico Cattle Growers' Assn.
and for many years was New Mexico representative as
director of the Federal Land Bank at Wichita, Kas.

A Republican, he was senator from the cattle sections of
southern New Mexico for many years. He was Republican
floor leader in the New Mexico senate for a long period.

Surviving are his widow, two daughters, Mrs. Kenni-



92 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

son, wife of Maj. Henry Kennison of Fort Bliss, Tex.; and
Miss Alma Lee of Alamogordo; and five sons, Oliver Jr.,
Curtis, Vincent and Don, all of Alamogordo, and Jack, who
is with the U. S. Army Air Corps at Phoenix. Albuquerque
Morning Journal, 12/16/41.

LeRoy Samuel Peters. Dr. LeRoy Samuel Peters,
nationally known tuberculosis specialist, died at his home,
805 Ridgecrest Drive, Albuquerque, on Dec. 17, 1941.

Dr. Peters was 59 years of age. About a month ago he
suffered a heart attack on his way home from Texas where
he had read papers before medical meetings in Amarillo and
Lubbock.

For many years Dr. Peters had been prominently asso-
ciated with work for the prevention and cure of tuberculosis.
Born April 6, 1882, in St. Joseph's, Mich., he was graduated
from the University of Minnesota and received his M.D.
from Illinois in 1906. He came to New Mexico in 1907 and
became medical director of the Cottage San in Silver City.

Since 1914 Dr. Peters had been a resident of Albuquer-
que. He was medical director of the Albuquerque San at one
time and later of St. Joseph's San. For the past ten years he
had been in private practice.

Dr. Peters was a member of the American Medical
Association, past director of the National Tuberculosis Asso-
ciation, past president of the American Sanatorium Associa-
tion, and a diplomat of the American Board of Internal
Medicine. He was a member of the staffs of both St. Joseph's
and Presbyterian Hospitals.

He belonged to Phi Delta Theta and Nu Sigma Nu, was
a fellow of the American College of Physicians for which he
was at one time governor of the New Mexico district. He
was also a member of the American Association for Thoracic
Surgery, the Southwestern Medical Association and the
New Mexico Tuberculosis Association.

Prominent in civic activities, Dr. Peters was a man of
broad interests. Known as an outstanding liberal and



NECROLOGY 93

humanitarian, his efforts were consistently on the side of
social progress. In a recent article in The New Mexico Quar-
terly Review, he made a plea for adequate medical care for
indigent and low-income groups in the state, calling the
attention of the public to the need for diagnostic hospitals in
central localities.

Dr. Peters is survived by his widow, one son, R. Fyfe
Peters, who is with the CAA here, and a grandson, Stanley
Fyfe Peters. Albuquerque Evening Tribune, 12/17/41.



NOTES AND COMMENTS

A Correction. The study on the "Coronado-Bocanegra
Family Alliance" in our last issue brought a very interesting
letter from Mr. G. R. G. Conway of Mexico City, an esteemed
member of our Society of long standing. He calls our atten-
tion to the fact that the second Marques del Valle was the
oldest legitimate son of Hernando Cortes and not by one of
Moctezuma's daughters (vol. XVI, p. 419). This is shown
beyond question by the last will of Cortes, which Mr. Con-
way edited in such a fine way in 1939 (vol. XV, p. 341) .

At the same time, Mr. Conway sent a beautiful fac-
simile of a document which he found in Tlaxcala about ten
years ago, a "Titulo de adelantado perpetuo del Reyno de
la Nueva Galicia," granted to Don Francisco Pacheco de
Cordoba y Bocanegra and dated at Valladolid on March 6,
1610. This is most interesting, because of course it supple-
ments the 1605 petition which was used in the above study
(vol. XVI, p. 424) and it begins with a laudatory recital of
the merits and services of Don Francisco Vazquez de Coro-
nado (the petitioner's maternal grandfather) who had been
governor and captain general of Nueva Galicia from 1539
until his death (sic) and who had been chosen by the vice-
roy to lead the discovery and conquest of "the new land of
Acusc.ibola and other provinces." A notation at the end of
this "Title" shows that this Coronado-Bocanegra scion had
already been granted the habit in the Military Order of
Santiago which was the third item in his petition and which
in itself was a notable distinction.

Corrob oration.* An interesting sidelight on the above
"title" comes from an unpublished history which was found
in 1929 in the Vatican Library by Dr. Charles Upson Clark
while working in Rome under the auspices of the Smithson-
ian Institution. This was the Compendio y description de las
Indias octidentales of the Spanish Carmelite Fray Antonio
Vazquez de Espinosa ("Leon Pinelo") which, at the time of

94



NOTES AND COMMENTS 95

Espinosa's death in 1630, was partly in type. Unfinished, it
has now been translated and edited for the Smithsonian by
Dr. Clark.

While we were in Spain in the spring of 1939, Dr. Clark
very kindly sent us from Paris certain excerpts of interest to
our Southwest. It appears that, when Espinosa was in
Mexico City in 1620 gathering data for his history, tradition
had it that "New Galicia" owed its name to our Francisco
Vazquez de Coronado (while serving there as governor)
because his progenitors had founded their house in the king-
dom of Galicia in Old Spain. Whether or not this is histori-
cally correct, Espinosa added that "his descendants, the
marquises of Villamayor, are adelantados may ores of it [the
kigdom of New Galicia] ." This was in 1620, ten years after
the date of Mr. Conway's document.

Annual Meeting, November 25, 19^1. The annual meeting
of the Historical Society was held jointly with the Archae-
ological Society, in the Women's Board Room of the Art
Museum, November 25th, 1941. The president, Paul A. F.
Walter, presided. Dr. Frank Hibben gave an extremely in-
teresting talk on his work in tracing evidence of early man
in Alaska with the hope of connecting this evidence with
similar evidence in the Southwest. About 100 people were
present.

At an executive council meeting before the main meeting
all the new applicants for membership were approved and
the annual report (see below) prepared by the recording
secretary was received. The committee also approved the
report of Wayne Mauzy, acting treasurer, on the financial
status of the society, and the ordering of certain supplies for
the Historical Records Survey; also they nominated to the
body of fellows Dr. Marion Dargan and Dr. Frank Reeve,
both of whom are carrying on extensive historical research
at the University of New Mexico.

After the society had approved the amendment of the
constitution regarding officers, the nominating committee



96 NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL REVIEW

consisting of Mr. Rupert F. Asplund, Mrs. Gerald Cassidy
and Mrs. H. S. F. Alexander, made its report. There being
no other nominations, the following were unanimously
elected: president, Mr. Paul A. F. Walter; vice-president,
Mr. Pearce C. Rodey of Albuquerque; corresponding secre-
tary, Mr. Lansing B. Bloom; treasurer, Mr. Wayne L.
Mauzy ; recording secretary, Miss Hester Jones.

Anmial Report of the Society. The question of the collect-
ing and organization of archives has been given considerable
attention during the past year. The establishment of the



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