University of Oxford.

The historical register of the University of Oxford, completed to the end of Trinity term, 1888. Part 1 online

. (page 1 of 24)
Online LibraryUniversity of OxfordThe historical register of the University of Oxford, completed to the end of Trinity term, 1888. Part 1 → online text (page 1 of 24)
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OXFORD HONOURS

I 220-1894
(THE HISTORICAL REGISTER, PART II)

BEING

AN ALPHABETICAL REGISTER OF DISTINCTIONS CONFERRED

BY THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD FROM THE

EARLIEST TIMES



Oxford

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS

LONDON : HENRY FROWDE

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE, AMEN CORNER, E.C.



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MACMILLAN & CO., 66 FIFTH AVENCE






NOTE



The separate publication of the Alphabetical Record
of University Honours and Distinctions, under the
title of Oxford Honours, 1 220-1 894, has for the present
rendered superfluous Part II of the Historical Register,
published in 1888. But pending the preparation of
a complete new edition of the Register, it has been
thought advisable to continue to issue the strictly
historical portion of this work. For full particulars
of the Honours, &c, conferred since the end of Trinity
Term, 1888, the reader must for the present be re-
ferred to the current edition of the Oxford University
Calendar.



114972



CONTENTS



Constitution of the University ....

Chronological Lists of the Officers of the University
The Professorships : their Foundation and Holders

Readerships

Institutions, as the Bodleian Library, the Press, &c.

University Sermons and Preachers

University Scholarships : their Foundation and Holders

University Prizes

Class Lists : their Origin and Development .
Colleges and Halls, with lists of Heads .

Non-Collegiate Students

Affiliated Colleges

Colonial and Indian Universities ....



PAGB

9

16

45

80

85

97

109

136

167

170

217

218

219



THE HISTOKICAL EEGISTEE

OF THE

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.




CONSTITUTION OF THE UNIVERSITY.



The earliest forms of the Constitution of the University of Oxford
appear to have heen based on those of Paris, though no historical
details as to its origin exist. The Teachers and Scholars of whose
presence there is evidence in the accounts of the teaching of Robert
Pullus (1133) and Vacarius (about 1149) had arrived at some degree
of academic organization before the end of the twelfth century, the
existence of Masters and Scholars being recorded about 1185 in con-
nexion with the celebrated visit of Giraldus Cambrensis. In 1214 the
Bishop of Lincoln, the ecclesiastical superior of the Clerks thus gathered
within his diocese, appointed a Chancellor for their government, and
the Constitution which arose out of such elements has been moulded
into its present form, in part by the authority of the Crown and of
Parliament, in part by the inherent self-governing power of the
University itself.

It is now a corporate body, known for centuries by the style or title
of The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Oxford ;
a title confirmed by the Legislature itself in the reign of Queen
Elizabeth 1 . It is invested with all the usual powers of corporations,
and also with various peculiar privileges, such as the right of exercising
jurisdiction civil and criminal over its members, certain unique
municipal prerogatives within the City of Oxford, representation by
two Burgesses in the House of Commons, and in particular with the
power of conferring Degrees as a token of proficiency in certain studies.

1 " Be it therefore enacted by the authority of this present Parliament, that the Eight
" Honourable Eobert Earl of Leicester now Chancellor of the said University of Ox-
" ford and his successors for ever, and the Masters and Scholars of the same University
" of Oxford for the time being, shall be incorporated and have a perpetual succession
"in fact deed and name, by the name of The Chancellor. Masters, and Scholar.'' of the
'' University of Oxford, and that the same Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the
"same University for the time being, from henceforth by the name of Chancellor
"Maxtor* and Scholars of the University



Online LibraryUniversity of OxfordThe historical register of the University of Oxford, completed to the end of Trinity term, 1888. Part 1 → online text (page 1 of 24)