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only intente and purpose to putt the seid defendant to vezacion,
trobull and losse of goodes as he hathe done hearetofore. iTor
the seid defendant saythe that the seid George BuUokei
complainant hathe most wilfully and vyolabull broken his othe
which he hathe heretofore taken in the mayntenaunce of the
Auncyent liberties and pryveleges of the vnyuersytie of Cam-
brige to the Skollers and Studentes of which vynuersytie
conysaunce of pie be the Quens highnes projenytores be
graunted and the heringe and determynynge of all causes of
Varyence between any Student or Skoller within the
Vnyuersytie hathe always tyme out of mynd bene hard ended
and determyned by the Vycechauncellor of the Vnyuersitie and
other the officers in the same for the tyme beinge. And the

seid defendant for that the seid complainant dothe

sue the said defendaund in this honorabull Court, they bothe
being graduates and members of the seid vnyuersitie, that the



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Notes from the College Records. 283

seid Complainant hathe infrynged and broken the pryvelege of
the seid Vnjuersitie. And the said defendant say the that the
seid George BuUoke Complainant afore this tyme of late in his
mallyce did commence sute in this honorable Court agaynst
one Mores, Bedell of the seid Vniversitie and a member of the
same, whearevppon the grave and auncyent fathers of the seid
Vnyuersitie dyd determyn that the seid George BuUoke had
lykewise broken his othe and the pryvelege of the seid
Vnjaersitiei ffor which offence the seid George Bulloke

Complainant and one Wylliam Gogman and Pollerd,

ffellowes of the seid Colledge being the Counselloures and
procarrers of the seid George Bulloke Complainant thearvnto
were most iustly excommunicate in the open scoles of the seid
Vniversytye by the right worshipfull Doctor Yonge then Vice-
chaancellor of the same. After which ezcommunicacion vppon
the submyssyon of the seid Wylliam Gogman and Pollard thej
knelynge vppon their knees and acknowleging their seid o£fence
afore the said Vicechauncellor and graduates of the seid
Vniversitie at Cambrige aforesaid, was absolved of the same,
whearfore the said defendant say the that he is ryght sorye that
the seid George Bulloke Complainent is so forgetfull of his
dutye towardes God and of his faythe towards the seid vniver-
sytie And chefely to the College, and to the intent thys honor-
able court shall perceyve the mallyce that the seid Complainant
bearethe to the seid defendant, he the seid defendant seithe
that afore this tyme the seid George Bulloke of his extort
power did expulse the seid defendant owt of the seid Colledge
of Saint Johns and their poor lyuinges and certeyn other beinge
seniors off the same by cause they haue not bene concentyng to
his vntruthe towardes the seid Colledge but hath reviled the
same in the dyscharge of their conscyence Whiche wronges and
yniuryes being afterward hard afore the right reuerend father
in God Stephen late Busshopp of Wynchester and late Lord
Chamicellor of England. It was ordeyned by the seid late lord
Chauncellor that the seid defendant and the other £fellowes of
the seid Colledge so yniured and wronged as afore seid shuld
be restored agayne vnto their seid lyvinges in the seid Colledge
And also yt was further ordeyned by the seid late Lord Chaun-
cellor that the seid defendant and the other shuld haue ageyn
their owne Chambers. And that the seid George Bulloke shuld
paye the costes and charges that the seid Defendant and the



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284 Notes from the College Records.

other had susteyned by the wrongfull vexacion and trobull of the

seid George Balloke dulye proved afore the seid right

honerable Lord Chauncellor. Whearefore this defendant saytbe
that the seid George Bulloke Complainant dothe comence this
fiiite agaynst the seid defendent more of his owld accustomed
hatered and malice than for any zeale or favor that he beareathe
to the state of the Colledge, nevertheless yf this defendant
shallbe compelled to make further Aunswere vnto the seid bill
of Complaint the advantage of the insufficiencie thearof allways
to hym saved and the pryvelege of the seid vniversitie. Then
for Aunswere vnto the seid bill of complaint the seid defendant
saithe that he hathe nothing in the seid leasse or term of yeares
mencyoned in the seid bill of complaint And the seid defendant
dothe vtterly dysclaime thearin, but the seid defendant saythe
that for that he hathe dyverse poore men to his brethern in
the Countrie where he was and always being myndfull for the

helpe and relesse And for that the seid defendant knewe

that the seid Heron named in the seid bill of complaint

tenaunt of the seid fermehold of Hilton was a very poore man
and not abell to store the seid ferme, vppon certeyne communy-
cacion betwene the seid defendant and the seid Heron about
iij yeres sythens yt was agreed that the seid defendant for the
somme of xviij// should haue the leasse of the seid Heron
obteyning the good wylles of the Master fellowes and skollers
of the same. And thearevppon this defendant at that tyme
declared the same vnto the seid George Bulloke being then of
great friendshyp with the seid defendant, whearvppon the seid
George Bulloke willed and Counselled your said orator to gett
some other frend to occupye the same for the behalfe of the seid
defendant vntill the seid George Bulloke had obteyned licence for
the Alienacion of the seid leasse, wheare vppon and throughe the
mocyon and promyse of the seid George Bullock complainant, the
said defendant toke order with the seid Heron for the storing of
the seid fermehold with the proper goodes of the seid defendant
and toke bondes of the seid Heron for payment thearof, yf in
the meane season he cold not obteyne the good willes of the
seid Master and fellowes and Skolers And by cause the seid
defendant perceyved that for the causes aboueseid in not con-
centinge to the seid George Bulloke in any of his vngodlye
attemptes he dyd begyne to envye and malice the seid defendant,
he the seid defendant wold not further medell thearin, nor



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Notes from the College Records. 285

had not to do in the seid leasse otherwyse then to lend the
seid Heron part of his substance in hope of the preferment
of his seid leasse for one of his seid brethern yf he coald
haue obteyned the good willes of the said Master fellowes
and Skolers of the seid Colledge as is abouesaid. And
also this defendant saythe that the seid fermehold hath
alwayes bene in leasse And that the same is no otherwise

now lett hathe bene always sythens the seid Master

fellowes and Skollers wheare fyrst owners of the same And this

defendant that he gaue his consent to the seid Heron for

the contynuinge of the seid lease And sayth that the seid
Master fellowes and Skollers of the seid Colledge hathe had
always theire repeyre and dwellyng in the seid mannor howse
in all tyme of sykenes without of lett of any person. And
further seith that thear is as ampull and as large covenauntes
and reservacions graunted and reserved in the seid Indenture of
lease for the benyfyte and commodytye of the Colledge as hathe
bene vsed in any graunt frome the seid Colledge without that
the same was senysterly obteyned and gotten by the seid Master
Lever late Master of the seid College as in the seid bill of
complaint is conteyned or that ther was any interlynyng or
rasinge of the seid lease but by the hole consent of the seid
Master fellows and Skollers and afore the delyverye of the seid

lease as this defendant supposethe. And the seid defendant

against all lawe and right did enter into the said ferme-hold
or most vyolently ezpulse and put out the seid complainant
out of the same as in the seid bill of complaint is conteyned.
And without that the seid defendant did exhibit a bill of
complaint in the name of the seid John Heron in the seid
Starre Chamber as in the seid bill of complaynt is also vntrewlye
alledged or that any other matter thyng or thinges conteyned in
the seid bill of complaint materiall to be aunswered and herein
not confessed and avoyded traversed or denyed is trewe All
whyche matters the said defendant is redye to averre and
prove as this honorable Court will award and prayethe to be
dysmyssed with his reasonable costes in this behalf susteyned.

H. NORLEY



The documents which follow were drawn up by the
Visitors appointed by Queen Elirabeth to settle new
VOL. XX. O O



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286 Notes from the College Records.

Statutes for the College. These Visitors were appointed
in July 1576, but the Statutes were not finally signed
until 1580. The Visitors were all Masters of other
Colleges: Perne of Peterhouse, Hawford of Christ's,
Hervey of Trinity Hall, Ithell of Jesus, and Byng of
Clare. The rules they prepared point to some irregfu-
larities in the payment of College bills, the reasons for
which it is not easy to explain. At this period there
were no tutors in the sense in which we now understand
the term, but each fellow took charge of a few under-
graduates, who lived with him in his rooms and for
whose college dues he was answerable. The first two
sets of orders are written on paper, the last set on
parchment, probably as being more precise and
permanent.



Orders taken by hir Maiesties visitors of St John's
Colledge in Cambridge whose names be herevnder
written for the paiement of Commons, the vjth of August
Anno 1577

1. ffirst that from the ninthe of August next comminge
everye flfellowe of Saint John's Colledge aforesaid who is
behinde at that tyme for payeinge of his commons and the
commons of his pupills by the space of fiue weekes shalbe put
oute of commons and sizinge, and all his pupills likewise, and
he beside to lose xij</. for that fyrst weeke.

2. Item that after flfiidaye beinge the sixtenthe of this present
moneth of August, the beddinge, bokes, and other stuffe what-
soeuer in the chamber of everye one of the ffellowes that shalbe
behinde in payeinge of their commons for themselues, or their
pupills as is aforesaid be soulde to the answeringe of the same
commons.

3. litm that everie ffellowe of the said Colledge whoe
shalbe behinde for payeinge of his commons and the commons
of his pupills the xxiijth of August next comminge shall haue
and receive an admonition. And if his said commons and his
pupills be not fullye satisfied, answered and payed either by sale
as aforesaid or otherwise the xxxth of August next comminge,
that then he shall haue and receiue A Second Admonition,



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Notes from the College Records. 287

And y{ his said commons and his pupills be not fullye satisfied,
answered and payed, either by sale as aforesaid or otherwise,
the xiijth of September nexte comminge, that then he shall
haue and receiue A thirde Admonitione and thereby to suffer
further payne due for the same that ys to saye, to lose his
fellowshippe in the said Colledge for euer. And the sayd
Colledge to vse theyre remedye either before the Vicechancellor
of the vniuersitye of Cambrydge, or ells at the Common lawe
for such debte or for somuche as shalbe behinde of his
commons then vnpayed.

Andrew Perne Henr. Hervey

Edward Hawford Tho. Ithell

Tho. BtNG



The order taken for payment of Commons in St John's
Coll. April 16 1578.

ffirsiy that euery felowe now indebted vnto Mr Copinger for
the tyme of his stewardshipp, or vnto the Steward nowe being,
shall fully dischardge them for his and his pupilles Commons
before Saturday come sennet, which is Aprill 26, vpon payne of
being cast out of commons and sysing from that tyme forward*
And yf any disobeying this order shall take his commons or any
part thereof, eyther att the table or att any other place, to be
punyshed by the Master, or (in his absence) by the president,
zijd for every meale or part so taken.

Secondly^ yf before the sayd day they do not dischardge the
Steward for there commons, that ouer and besydes the former
punyshment, the Master or President shall geve chardge and
commaundment openly or before some witnesse. The two
Bursers and Senior Deane to sett the pryce and make sale in
the weeke followinge of there bookes, beddes, bedding or any
other stuffe in there Chambers, and to delyver vpp vnto the
Master the money receyved for the same befor friday which ys
Maij 20. And yf default be made eyther by the Master in not
commaunding, or in the Bursers or Deane for not executing his
commaundement. That then th' offendor herein be charged
afterwardes with paying of there debt and further to abyde our
order for answering the same as we shall appointe.

Tkyrdly, that within three dayes after the 2 of May the
Master or President shall delyuer vnto vs the names of such as



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26S Notes from the College Records.

hane not answered there debt by sale of there bookes, bedding,
chambers and such Ijke, that we maj take farther order for
pajing the rest, and deale with them att oar discretion for
neglecting of the payment. In witnesse whereof we the
Qaeene's Commissioners have sett to oar handes Anno domini
1578 Aprilis 16.

Andreas Perne Tho. Btno

Edward Hawford Tho. Ithell



The iiijth of Jalye 1578.

We the Qaeene hir Maiesties visitors of St John's
Colledge in Cambridge whose names be herevnder
written, doe order and decree by vertewe of hir Maiesties
Commission to vs directed for the better payeinge of the
Styward of the same Colledge for the commons of the
ffellowes Schollers and other students in the same as
followethe, viz.

t. ffyrstly that every ffellowe of the same Colledge whoe is
behinde at this tyme for his owne commons or sizinge or anye of
his pupills for the last monethe or for longer tyme which was by
order from vs to be answered before this Tyme vnto the Styward
there, shall furthwithe be put oute of commons and sizinge,
and all his pupills likewise. And that the said ffellowe soe put
oute of commons for defalte of payeinge to the Styward as
aforesaid shall from that tyme for soe longe space be accompted
as absent from the said Colledge, and to have spente of his
dayes and time of absence from the Colledge allowed vnto
him by statute as he shall remaine behinde in payeinge of his
commons or sizinge or the commons or sizinge of his pupills.

1. lUm that no suche fellowe so putte oute of commons
presume to come to the table or enye other place to claim or
to take his allowaunce of Commons in enye respecte vppon
paine of incurringe an admonition for the same to be geven by
the Master or in his absence by the President and Seniors for
everye meale soe taken contrarie to this order. And that every
such admonition be holden taken and reputed for the admoni-
tion and admonitions in degree tending by Statute to the
amotion of enye ffellowe from his interest righte or title of
ffellowshippe in that howse. And yf the Master or in his



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Notes from the College Records. 289

absence the Presidente being certified by the Styward of enye
fiellowe put oute of commons vppon the causes aforesaid doe
not see the order before prescribed executed accordinglye,
that then the said Master or Presidentte shall answere and be
chardged for the commons of suche ffellowes beinge put oute
of commons and presented to either of them and toUerated by
them or either of them to enioye enye meale or benefit of theire
commons contrairie to the order aboue prescribed.

3. Item yf the Styward for faver, lykeinge, or partiallitye to
anye fellowe, doe forbeare or doe not present to the Master or
in his absence to the president, the names of such as are, or
hereafter shalbe behinde for the payeinge of their commons or
sizinge, or the commons or sizinf^e of their pupills, he shall not
onelye be chardged with the debte of the sayd fellowe for his
commons or sizinge, and the commons or sizinge of his or theire
pupills in suche sorte behinde and not paied, and not certified
to the Master, or in his absence to the President as is aforesaid,
but also shall receive for the first monethe so forbearing and
not certifieing of eny such fellow with his pupills or enye of
them one Admonition. And for everye like monethes offence
in forbeareinge enye in the like sorte a second admonition.
And soe for the third offence, the third admonition. And
therevppon the losse of his office place and flfellowshippe.

4. Item that after ffridaie beinge the eleventh daye of this
present monethe of Julye the beddinge, bookes, and other stuffe
whatsoever in the chamber of everie one of the flfellowes that
shalbe behinde in payeinge of theire commons or sizinge for
themselves or theire pupills as aforesaid shalbe prysed by the
Bursers and Senior Deane and sowlde to the answeringe of the
said commons or sizinge.

5. Item that everye ffellowe of the said Colledge whoe shalbe
behinde for payeinge of his commons or sizinge or the commons
or sizinge of his pupills after the nineteenthe daye of this
present monethe of Julye shall have and receive an Admonition
for his not payeinge his and his pupills commons or sizinge.
And further yf his said commons or sizinge and his pupills bee
not fullye satisfied, answered and payed either by sale as afore-
said or otherwise before the xxvj'^ daye of this present monethe
of July that then he shall haue and receiue a second Admonition
as is abouesaid. And yf his said commons or sizinge and his



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290 Notes from the College Records.

pupills be not fullye satisfied answered and payed eyther by
sale as aforesaid or otherwise before the ninthe daye of Augnste
next con)meinge, that then he shall have and receive a Third
Admonition, and thereby to suffer paine due for the same, that
is to saye, to lose his ffellowshippe in the said Colledge for
ever And the said Colledge to vse theire remedye ether before
the Vicechancellor of the vniuersitie of Cambridge, or ells at
the common Lawe for suche debte.

6. Item that the abouesaid orders for payeinge of Commons
be from tyme to tyme observed and kepte accordinge to the
trewe meaning of the same vntill other orders be geven vnto
you for this matter.

Andreas Perne. Henr. Hervey.

Edward Hawford. Tho. Ithell.

Tho. Byng.



The deed which follows is an example of the foun-
dation of an Obit or Anniversary Service. Some three
or four examples of this class of donation, establishing
services in other Colleges are preserved in St John's,
to which College the property was to pass in case of
default by the College where the Service was to be
kept. Mr Spicer's Obit is the most interesting of these,
not only on account of the precision and detail of its
terms, but because it is a very late example of such a
gift. Its date (1533-4) is just before the Reformation,
and as the tenure of all such Obit or Chantry lands
was taken away by the Act i Edward VI, C. 14 (1546),
this particular Foundation could only have lasted a
very short time.



This Indenture trypartite made the xxiiij daye of Marche in
the xxiiij yeare of the Reigne of oure Soueraigne Lorde Kynge
Henrye the viij'^ Betwene John Crayford Bacheler in Diuinite
Maister of the College or hall callid Clarehall in the Vniuersite
of Cambrige and the fellowez of the same place on the one
partie And Raynold Baynebrige bacheler in diuinite and maister
of the College called Saint Kathernys Hall in Cambrige and



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Notes from the College Records. 291

the fellowez of the same College on the second partye And
maister William Spycer bacheler in Cannon, parson of Clopton
in the Countie of Cambrige and in the diocese of Ely on the
thyrd partye Witnessethe that the sayd William Spycer of his
goodnes and charitable deuocyon that he beryth to God And
to the blessed virgyne Seynt Kateryne hath deliuered and paide
vnto the forsaid maister and fellowez of the forsaid Clare-
haull the sume of one hundereth poundes sterlinges to and for
the buyldynge of a new chaple in the said College, ffor the
which hundereth poundes sterlinges to the vse aforsaid the
said maister and ffellowez of Clarhall bynd them and there
successors for ever to performe the Articles followynge ffirste
they shall fynd a lampe brynnynge dayly for euer in the Chapell
of Clarhall afore Sainte Kateryne there frome seven of the
cloke in the morninge till it be ten of the cloke a fore none
And also the said maister and fellowes of Clarhaull couenauntith
and grauntith and byndylh them by thies presentes that they
and theyr Successors schall yearlye obserue and keipe fower
solemn dirgys by note as they kepe for thier fifownders with
masse of Requiem on the morrowe and everye fellowe to say
masse of the ffyve woundes or wythyn eyght dayes after eny
of the said dirgys That is to say the morrowe after new years
day a solempe dyrge with masse of Requiem on the morrowe
And euery fellowe to say masse of the said fyve woundes as is
aforsaide And on the thursdaye in easter woke a solempe dirge
with masse of requiem on the morrowe And euery fellowe to
say masse of the said fyve woundes. And on thursdaye next
affore midsommer a solempe dyrge with masse of Requiem on
the morrowe And euery fellowe to say masse of the fyve
woundes And the thursday afore Mighelmes day a solempe
dirge with masse of Requiem on the morrowe And euery fellowe
to say masse of the fyve woundes or within eight dayes as
is aforesaide for ever yearlye And the maister of Saint
Katherins Haull to haue warnynge to be at euery of the
foure solempne dyrges for ever and to say masse in Clare-
haull Chapill on the morrowe if he may convenientlye or send
one of the seniores of his place thider to dirge and to say masse
And whan he hath said masse to say de profundis at my towmbe
there And for euery tyme so doynge quarterly to haue viijV.
And if it fortune the said maister of Clare haull for the tyme
beynge or any of the fellowes of the same place to be absent at



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292 Notes from the College Records.

such tyme or tjmes as the said dirge is obserued and kepte
Than as sone as they retorne home to the said College the
same maister or fellowes to say dirge and masse of the fyve
woundes for the sollis of maister William Spicer and Johanne
his father and mother And thos solles the which the said
maister is boundon to pray for and all Cristen solles or within
eight daies fowloynge ffurthermore the said maister ande fellowes
of Clarehaull couenaunte and graunte and by thyes presentes
bynd them and ther successors for euermore that dayly whan so
euer and as often as they say masse to take a speciall collet with
the secret and the post commune for the said maister William
That is to say (durynge his lyf) Deus qui iusiificas impium with
the secret and the post commune And after his decesse Dem
CUIUS mtsericordie non est numerus, with the secret and post com-
mune And in their memento to pray for the said maister
William Spicer his father and mother and thos that the said
maister William Spicer was bownd to pray for And also the
said maister and fellowes of Clarehaull couenaunte and graunte
for them and their successors by thies presentes that after eueiy
dener and sopper whan thay saye grace as they be bound to
doo for ther foundres within the said place of Clarehaull so and
in likewise to pray for the said maister william Spicer. After
the maner and forme here after ensuinge that is to saye
Am'ma Elizabeth de burgo nostre fundatricis et Anima Wiliielmi
Spicer specialis benefactoris nosiri et Anime omnium fideiium de/unc-
torum per miser icordiam dei in pace requiescani Amen And also the
said maister and fellowes couenaunteth and graunteth and by
thies presentes byndith theym & ther successors that one of
theyr fellowes schall goo yearly to Ikkyllyngton for euer to my
fathers obbyt and ther to be at dirge over nyglit and to say
masse on morrowe And three daies foUowinge to saye masse if
he be disposed And every daye of thies three to say deprofundis
at my fathers grave The wich obbet schalbe kept duringe my
life the zv^^ daie of marche And after my decese the dale it
fortunyth me to dye Or send sume other oneste preste thy ther
at ther propre costes & charges This obbet is kept in the
parishe churche of Ikkillyngton And also in the nonrye or
monasterye in the same towne And he that goth thyther schall
se the obbettes perfourmed Accordinge to my wyll indented of
the which the one parte lyeth within the house or monasterye
of the Friorie of Ikkyllyngton aforsaide And the other parte in



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Notes from the College Records. 293

the parishe charche aforsaide And for non perfourmyn|fe of my



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