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the Bristol Orpheus Society's prize with his
glee, " The Sturdy Rock," and he has written
other vocal music. In 1895 he was appointed
a Professor at the R.C.M

Davies, Hugh, organist and composer of
early part of the 17tli century. He was
organist of Hereford Cathedral, and in 1623
he graduated jNIus. Bac, Oxford. He died
about 1644. Composerof Church music, none
of which has been preserved.

Davies, Llewela, pianist and composer,
born at Brecon, South Wales. Gained ad-
mission to the R.A.M., 1887, by winning the
John Thomas (Welsh) Scholarship. Pupil of
Walter Macfarren for pf., and of Stewart
Macpherson for harmony and composition.
Her career at the Academy was distinguished,
and she took, among other j)rizes, the IMac-
farren Scholarship, 1892 ; The Lucas Rledal,
1894, both for comjjosition. In 1893 she was
awarded the Medal of the Worshipful Com-
pany of Musicians. She ajDpeared as solo
pianist at the Hereford Festival chamber
concerts in 1891, and 1894, and has played at
concerts in St. James's Hall, Queen's Hall,
and the Covent Garden Promenade Concerts.
Her compositions compris-e Three sketches
for orchestra ; A quartet for strings ; Sonata,
produced by the Musical Artists' Society,
March, 1894, pf. and violin ; and a number
of songs.

Davies, Miss, sec sub Battishild,

Davies, Margaret, soprano vocalist, born
at Dowlais, South Wales. Sang in public
from ten years of age. In 1886 gained a
Scholarship at R.C.M. , and while a student
there appeared with success at the Crj'stal
Palace Concerts, April 5, 1890. She sang at
the Cardiff Festival in 1892 ; has been heard
at many of the best concerts; and was chosen
for the part of Kitty O'Toole at the produc-
tion of Stanford's Opera, " Shamus O'Brien,"
March 2, 1896.

Davies, Mary, soprano vocalist, born in
London, of Welsh parents, February 27, 1855.




Educated in the Home aud Colonial Schools,
Gray's Inn Road. Singing at Welsh concerts
in London, she attracted the notice of Brinley
Richards and Edith Wynne, both of whom
gave her instruction. She won the W^elsh
Choral Union Scholarship in 1S73, and studied
at the R.A.M., chiefly under Randegger,
winning the Parepa-Rosa Gold Medal, 1876,
and the Nilsson prize, 1877. In 1878 she
appeared with success at the Worcester
Festival; also sang at Gloucester, 1883, and
at Norwich and Chester Festivals. She sang
in the first complete jserformances in England
of Berlioz' Faust, at the Halle concerts, IMan-
chester, March 11, 1880, and at St. James's
Hall, May 21. As a ballad singer she is best
known, and has sung at the principal concerts
throughout the country. She has been elected,
first an Ass:ciate, then a Fellow of R.A.M.
In 1888, she was married to Mr. W. Cadwaladr
Davies, of the Inner Temple.

Davies, Rev. Owen, Eos Llechyd,
composer, born at Llanllechid, Bangor, Sep-
tember, 1828. In years past a successful
Eisteddfodic competitor. Has devoted his
attention chiefly to Church music ; and his
anthems are held in much esteem. He has
been a zealous worker in the cause of music
in Wales, aud is still living.

Davis, Gabriel, composer and vocalist,
was a native of Bath, where he was born,
about 1770. He was choirmaster of a Baptist
Chapel at Portsea early in the present century.
Composer of " Sacred Music, two hymns on
the nativity of Christ, and forty psalm tunes,"
London, 1800 ; Ode for Christmas Day, etc.

Davis, Mrs. Gabriel, horn Marianne
Davis, comiDoser of a large number of part-
songs and songs. She died at Littlemore,
Oxford, July 18, 1888. Among her composi-
tions may be named — By the river ; Dame
Trot ; Dame Wiggins of Lee ; King Carnival ;
Three Stars ; Zingara ; Four-part songs, etc.

Davis, Miss, an Irish composer of the
present time, has written a large number of
sacred and secular songs, duets, etc. Among
her songs may be named — The arrow and
the song ; Better land ; Old clock on the
stairs ; Ruth ; Song of the bell, etc.

Davis, J. D., composer and pianist, borxr
at Edgbaston, Birmingham, October 22, 1867.
Was musical from childhood, but in 1882 was
sent to Frankfort-on-the-Main to study Ger-
man, with a view to business pursuits. While
there he entered the Conservatorium, and
had lessons from Hans von Billow. In 1883,
he went to Brussels, and took up the study of
music in earnest, under Zarembski, Kufferath,
and Arthur de Greef. Returning to Birming-
ham, in 1888, he gave himself up to composii:ig
and teaching. His works include an opera,
" The Zaporogues," produced by amateurs at
the Theatre Royal, Birmingham, May 7, 1895 ;


Legend, " Hero and Leander," for bass solo
and orchestra ; songs and part songs. A suite,
overture, and nocturne for orchestra — the last
given at Mr. Stockley's concerts, January,
1892 ; Sonatas for pf. and violin, pf. and cello.,
and pf. solo ; six pieces for pt. aud violin
(Novello's Album) ; two suites for same ;
pieces for pf., etc.

Davison, James William, composer and
writer, born at London, October 5, 1813. He
studied under W. H. Holmes and (Sir) G. A.
Macfarren. Married ]\Iiss Arabella Goddard,
1860. ^Musical critic of the Times and Mu-
sical World. He died at INIargate, JNIarch 24,

Works. — An Essay on the Works of Frederic
Chopin, London [1849], n d. Songs — Swifter
far than summer's flight ; The light canoe ;
Poor heart, be still ; Sweet village bells ; The
lover to his mistress ; False friends, wilt thou
smile or weep ? Pianoforte Music — Four
Bagatelles a la valse, op. 4 ; First Sonata,
op. 6 ; Tarantella, op. 7 ; Three Sketches,
op. 8 ; Romance, op. 11. Dramatic Overture
to the fairy tale of " Fortunatus," for pf. duet.
Contributions to periodical literature. Con-
tributions to Grove's " Dictionary of Music
and IMusicians."

Davison, (Mrs. J. W.), See Goddard,

Davy, John, composer, was born at LTpton-
Helions, Exeter, December 23, 1763. Articled
to Jackson of Exeter, 1777. Resided in Exeter
as teacher. He afterwards became a violinist
in the orchestra of Coveut Garden Theatre,
and a teacher and composer in London. He
died in St. Martin's Lane, London, February
22, 1824, in extreme indigence, having out-
lived all his kindred.

Works, ^il/ztsic to Plays, etc. — What a
blunder ! 1800 ; Perouse (with J. Moorhead),

1801 ; Brazen mask, ballet (with Mountain),
1802; Cabinet (with Braham), 1802 ; Caffres,

1802 ; Rob Roy, 1803 ; Miller's maid, 1804 ;
Harlequin Quicksilver, 1804 ; Thirty thousand
(with Reeve and Braham), 1805 ; Si^anish dol-
lars, 1805 ; Harlequin's magnet, 1805 ; Blind
boy, 1808; Farmer's wife, 1814; Rob Roy
Macgregor (new version), 1818 ; Woman's will,
a riddle, 1820. Overture to Shakespere's
Tempest. Six quartets for voices, in score,
with figured basses for the pf., op. 1, n.d. ;
Six madrigals for four voices, op. 13 [c. 1810].
Beauties of Handel, 6 vols., n.d. Songs — Bay
of Biscay, mighty Bacchus, Beggar boy.
Brave marine. Darling Sue, Harvest home.
Milkmaid, Smuggler, Son of old Saturn, etc.
Single and double chants, various. Anthem,
Lord, who shall dwell, op. 9.

Davy, Richard, composer of the 10th
century, some of whose works are in the
British Jiluseum, among the Fayrfax MSS.

Dawber, James, organist, born at Wigan,




September 18, 1851. Received his musical
training at Henshavv's Blind Asylum, Man-
chester, 1864-9, and then studied under (Sir)
Walter Parratt for two years. Graduated
Mus. Bac, Cambridge, 1878. Settled in
Wigan as teacher, organist, and choirmaster,
St. Paul's Congregational Church. To Mr.
Dawber is due the inception of the movement
which resulted in the formation of what is
now known as ihe Incorporated Society of
Musicians, and he was its first Secretary,
1882. He has given chamber concerts, and
has published songs and part-songs.

Dawson, Charles, author of " Analysis
of Musical Composition, showing the con-
struction of all Musical pieces, together with
a concise and comprehensive system of Har-
mony," London, 1845. " Elements of Music,
condensed for the use of students of the
pianoforte," London, 1844.

Dawson, Frederick H., pianist, born at
Leeds, July 16, 1868. At the age of five he
began his studies under his father, William
Dawson, a pianist of repute ; and when ten
lie was taken to (Sir) Charles Halle, who at
once recognised his great ability. From
Rubinstein, a few years later, he also received
encouragement. As a juvenile prodigy, he
played a great deal in public in the north ;
but his first important engagement was at
Ed. Haddock's concerts, Harrogate, in October,
1885. He appeared at the Halle Concerts,
Manchester, December, 1890, and made his
London debut April 18, 1891, at a chamber
concert of Willy Hess. Gave recitals at
St. James's Hall, 1891 ; appeared at the
Monday Popular Concerts, January 8, 1893 ;
at the Crystal I'alace, February 23, 1895 ; and
at the Philharmonic Concerts, March 20, of
the same year. He is now recognised among
the leading pianists of the day.

Dawson, W. H. C, musician, compiled
" Psalm and hymn tunes, in score, for four
voices," n.d.

Day, Alfred, physician and musician,
born at London, in January, 1810, and died
there February 11, 1849. Author of a
"Treatise on Harmony," London [184.5], n.d.
His work on harmony advocates many altera-
tions in theory, and a number of technical
terms, most of which have been adopted by
Macfarren and others.

Day, Alfred H., organist, of present time.
He held an appointment at Kimberley, South
Africa, and went thence to Graham's Town,
where he was appointed to the Cathedral.
There he established a College of Music. In
1893 he was appointed borough organist, and
conductor of the Philharmonic Society at
Maritzburg, Natal, where he remains.

Day, Captain C. R., writer on music.
Son of the Rev. Russell Day, of Horstead,
Norfolk ; born in 1860. Educated at Eton,


and studied music under the late Sir Joseph
Barnby. Entered the Oxfordshire Light
Infantry (the old 43rd) in 1882, and served in
India until 1887. Was severely wounded in
ihe operations against the Moplas in 1885.
Married, in 1892, Katherine, daughter of Mr.
Scott-Chad, of Thursford Hall, Norfolk. His
principal works are : " The Music and Musical
Instruments of Southern India and the Dec-
can," London, Novello, 1891 ; and " A
Descriptive Catalogue of the Musical Instru-
menrs recently exhibited at the Royal Military
Exhibition, London, 1890" (Eyre and Spottis-
woode, 1891). These are both important and
valuable books. He contributed an article on
African Musical Instruments to Ferryman's
"Up the Niger," 1892. Author of several
papers and brochures on National and Military
Music, read at meetings of the Musical Asso-
ciation (1894), etc. He was a Member of the
English Committee of the Vienna Inter-
national Musical and Dramatic Exhibition
of 1892.

Day, Ellen, pianist, born in London,
March 3, 1828. Studied under her father,
William Day {q.v.), Henry Westrop, and
Eduard Schulz. Her first appearance was at
Drury Lane Theatre, in 1836, when she played
a fantasia by Hlinten, with orchestra, Mori
leading. In 1838 she played at a concert
given by Thomas Baker, violinist, in Windsor
Town Hall ; and the next evening played, by
command, before the Queen at Windsor
Castle. The same year she played in London
with Teresa Milanollo, in June. Then, for
some years, she appeared in conjunction with
her brother John (g.v.) When Mendelssohn
was in London, in 1844, she was invited to
his house to play to him, and highly compli-
mented by him. At the first concert the two
young artists gave, June 16, 1846, Ellen Day
played a pianoforte duet with Vincent Wallace.
She continued to play in public for many
years, in London and the provinces, and still
retains her powers of execution. For about
thirty years she has been an organist, first at
St. Matthew's, and to the present time at
Christ Church, Westminster. Balfe was her
staunch friend, and she was instructor of his
two daughters for some years.

Day, John, publisher and editor, was born
in St. Peter's parish, Dunwich, Suffolk, in
1522. He was established at Holborn, London,
in 1549, as printer and publisher. He died at
Walden, Essex, July 23, 1584. He published
Damon's Psalmes of David, in English meter,
1579, and a work bearing the title " The
Whole Booke of Psalmes, collected into Eng-
lish metre by T. Starnhold, I. Hopkins, and
others; conferred with the Ebrue, with apt
notes to synge therewithal, faithfully perused
and alowed according to the ordre appointed
in the Queue's maiesties injunctions,"....




London, 1562, In 1563 he issued the first
English psalter with niusic in four parts, and
in 1565 another edition was issued. The title
is " The Whole Psalmes, in foure parts,
whiche may be sung to al musical instru-
m.entes, set forth for the encrease of vertue,
and abolishying of other vague and trifiying
ballads," London, 1563.

Day, John, composer, who flourished at
end of last, and beginning of the present
century. Composer of " Harmonica Lyrica,
selected from the poems of M. T. Scott, and
adapted for organ or pianoforte," 1820.

Day, John, violinist, brother of Ellen Day
(q.v.), was born in London, March 7, 1830.
Studied under his father, and first appeared
at the Hanover Square Rooms in 1838. With
his sister, he was, early in the forties, engaged
by M. JuUien, and they performed at the
Lyceum, Covent Garden, and on his provin-
cial tours. In 1843, the pair visited Brussels,
and De Beriot took the .young violinist to his
home as a pupil, afterwards passing him into
his class at the Conservatoire. On his return
home he made his debut at the Philharmonic
■Concerts, June 23, 1845, playing two move-
ments of De Beriot's second concerto. He
played at the Norwich Festival, in September,
and at the second concert of the Birminghani
Festival Choral Society, October 30, of the
same year ; and engagements followed at
every important musical centre. He entered
the Queen's private band in 1847, and is now
the senior member. He was appointed
•organist of New Upton Church, Slough, in
1853 ; of Old Upton Church shortly after-
wards, resigning in 1857. Two years later,
lie went to All Saints', Fulham, where he
remained until 1869. For the last forty-five
years his hobby has been the making of
•copies of violins by the old masters. These
have been pronounced by competent judges
to be equal to the originals. See •' Violins,
old and new," Reeves, reprinted from the
Musical Standard.

WiLT.iAM Day, father of the above, was a
violinist of some reputation. He acted for
many years as leader at Drury Lane Theatre.
Died in London, ]\Iarch 3, 1851.

Day, Wo, musician, compiler of •' Sacred
Harmony," Madras, 1818.

Deacon, Harry Collings, vocalist,
teacher, and writer, born London, 1822.
He studied pf. under Cip. Potter, and singing
under ^lazzucato the elder. He lost his voice
"while he was studying at Milan, and he after-
wards resided in London as a teacher and
pianist. He trained Anna Williams, Herbert
'Thorndike, etc. One of the contributors to
Grove's " Dictionary of Music." He died in
London, February 24, 1890. He composed
■*' Anacreon's Grave," a four-part song ; Con-
templation ; Ethel ; ilay-time ; Only once


more ; Over the crisp white snow ; Sing to
me ; and other songs. First set of 24 studies
for the pf., London, 1864 ; Tarantella, for the
pf., etc.

Deacon, Mary Ann, pianist, organist,
and teacher, born at Leicester, June 26, 1821.
Began the study of inusic at the age of six.
and in 1838 began, at Leicester, her career as
a teacher, which was successfully maintained
until her retirement a year or two ago.
Though not consi^icuously public, I\Iiss Dea-
con's life has been one of consistent usefulness
to the cause of music in Leicester, and the
locality. For twenty years she was organist
at St. ]Mary's Church, and officiated for ten
years at two Congregational Churches. From
1842 onwards she has appeared as vocalist or
pianist at many concerts ; assisting at Mr.
Oldershaw's lectures ; training choirs for
oratorio performances ; and being intimately
associated with the musical work of that
enthusiastic amateur, the late William Gar-
diner. In May, 1896, a complimentary
concert was given to her by all the musical
societies in Leicester, on which occasion she
played in a duet for pf. and flute, with Mr.
Henry Nicholson, a life-long friend and
colleague in art. On October 28, 1896, she
was publicly presented with a portrait of her-
self, and a sum of money ; the latter she
placed in trust for founding a "Deacon prize "
for students resident in Leicester.

Deakin, Andrew, organist, and critical
writer, born in Birmingham, April 13, 1822.
Began to study music at a very early age,
and, entirely self-taught, became a creditable
vocalist, organist, and violinist. Served a
strict apprenticeship to the printing trade,
and printed, in 1845, the Birmingham Musical
Examiner, edited by James Stimpson. After
some years service as organist at different
places of worship, he was appointed to the
Church of the Saviour (founded by George
Dawson, the great preacher and lecturer), in
1847, a post he held until 1878. As early as
1849 he began writing musical criticisms for
newspapers, and when the Birviingham Morn-
ing News was started in 1871, he was appoint-
ed its musical critic. In 1876 he joined the
Birmingham Daily Gazette in a similar
capacity, resigning the office towards the
close of 1894. A diligent student of every-
thing appertaining to music, he is recognised
as an authority, and his services are much in
request as an annotator of concert pro-
grammes. He has composed hymn tunes,
chants, and anthems, and among larger works
a Stabat ]\Iater for solo voices, chorus, and
organ, and a "Miserere," have been performed
at the Church of the Saviour. lu 1846 he
compiled and jDublished "Euphonia," one of
the very earliest collections of music for non-
conformistpublic worship ; a work that exerted




more than a local influence. A recent publi-
cation is a "Musical Bibliography, a catalogue
of historical and theoretical works published
in England, from the 15th to the 18th centu-
ries," Birmingham, Stockley and Sabin, 1892 ;
a companion work on a large scale, dealing
with the music of the same periods, is in
preparation. ]\Ir. Deakin is also known as a
landscape painter and etcher, and some forty
years ago his name was often seen in the
catalogues of London and provincial

Dean, J., author of " Guide and Self-
Instructor for the Violin," London, 1853.

Deane, Thomas, composer and organist,
who flourished during the end of the 17th and
first half of the 18th centuries. He was
organist at Warwick and Coventry, and became
Mus. Bac. and Doc, Oxon, 1731. He com-
posed music for Oldmison's ' ' Governor of
Cyprus," contributed to the "Division Vio-
lin," and was the first to introduce Corelli's
Sonatas to England.

Dearie, Edward, organist and composer,
born at Cambridge, March 2, 1806. As a boy
he was a chorister in King's, Trinity, and
St. John's Colleges, Cambridge, and having
studied the organ, obtained his first appoint-
ment at St. Paul's Deptford, 1827. He was
successively at Blackheath parish church,
1880 ; Wisbeach parish church, 1832 ; St.
Mary's, Warwick, 1833 ; organist of the parish
church and master of the song school, Newark,
1835-64. While at Newark he graduated
Mus. Bac, 1836, and Mus. Doc, 1842, Cam-
bridge. In 1864 he removed to Camberwell,
where he continued to reside. He was one
of the founders of Trinity College, London,
and took an active interest in the welfare of
the inusical profession. An occasional con-
tributor to the press, he wrote in 1850, a series
of letters on organisation, anticipating in a
remarkable manner the formation of the
Incorporated Society of Musicians. He died
at Camberwell, London, March 20, 1891.

Works — Israel in the Wilderness, oratorio
(published 1879) ; Morning and evening ser-
vice in P (1832) ; Morning and evening service
(1852 ?) ; A volume of church music (1838).
Anthem, Turn Thee again. Thou God of Hosts
(Gresham Prize, 1837); The desert shall re-
joice ; Rend your hearts ; Four anthems
(1852), etc Thirty-six chants (1852). Songs
— Lays of the heai-t (1829), etc. Part-songs —
Sigh no more, ladies ; JMountain Daisy, and
others. Andante Cantabile, organ, etc.

Dearnaley, Irvine, organist and con-
ductor, born in the village of Broadbottom,
Chester, September 29, 1839. His father was
a spinner in a cotton mill, and was devoted
to music, helping his son as far as he could.
When seventeen, young Dearnaley obtained
the post of organist at Staleybridge, and


studied under J. J. Harris, afterwards taking
pianoforte lessons from Halle, and working
at harmony under H. Hiles. Then he became
organist of Christ Church, and of the parish
church, Ashton-under-Lyne, from 1864. He
was conductor of the Gentlemen's Glee Club,
and Philharmonic Society in that town ; and
in 1883, was made musical director of the
Gentlemen's Glee Club, Manchester. Gave
many organ recitals in the district. Com-
posed some anthems and pieces for the organ.
He died at Ashton, September 18, 1894.

Deering, or Dering, Richard, composer
and organist, born in Kent, at the end of the
16th century. He was educated in Italj', and
afterwards became organist at a monastery of
English nuns in Brussels, 1617. Organist to
Henrietta Maria, Consort of Charles I., 1625.
Mus. Bac, Oxon. , 1610. He died in 16.30.

Works.— Cantiones Sacrte quinque vocum,
cum basso continuo ad organum, Antwerp,
1597 ; Cantica Sacrte ad melodiam madri-
galium elaborata senis vocibus, Antwerp,
1618 ; Cantiones Sacra;, 1619 ; Canzonette,
1620. He also wrote motets, madrigals, etc.,
many of which are preserved in MS. at Ox-
ford and London. He died in the Roman
Catholic faith. It is claimed for Deering that
his 1597 Cantiones were the first works issued
with a figured bass.

De Fonblanque, Ellen, See szib. Camp-
bell, Gilbert -James.

De la Fond, John Francis, author and
teacher of languages in London during the
first half of last century. He issued, among
other works, a " New System of Musick, both
theoretical and practical, and yet not mathe-
matical, written in a manner entirely new,
that is to say, in a style plain and intelligible,"
London, 1724.

Del any, J. A„, organist and composer,
born in London, 1852. Went to Sydney,
Australia, and became a pupil of W. J. Cord-
ner, whom he succeeded as organist of St.
Mary's R. C. Cathedral, a post he held 1871-6.
Then he went as chorus-master and pianist to
the Opera House, Melbourne (then under the
management of W. S. Lyster, who died in
1880), where he remained some years. In
1882 he was appointed choir-master of St.
Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, and three years
later succeeded Max Vogrich as conductor of
the Svdnev Liedertafel, which positions he
still holds." For St. Mary's Cathedral he has
composed IMasses in F, and A fiat ; and has
also composed a Cantata, " Ca]ptain Cook,"
and other works.

Dempster, William Richardson, com-
poser, born at Keith, Banffshire, in 1808 ;
died at London, INIarch 7, 1871. He composed
a number of part-songs and pf. pieces ; also
Songs : Bird of the wilderness ; Blind boy ;
Come o'er the mountain to me ; Doubting




heart ; ]\Iav queen ; My love Annie ; Songs in
the Idylls of the King, Tennyson [1864] .

Dennis, John, writer and musician, born
at London in 1G57. He studied at Cambridge,
and afterwards travelled in France and Italy.
He died on January 6th, 1733. Author of
" An Essay on the Italian Opera," London,

Derham, William, English writer, was
born in 1657, and died in 1735. Author of,
among other works, the following, "The Arti-
ficial Clock-maker . . shewing . . the way to alter
clock-work, to make chimes and set them to
musical notes," London, 1696 [other editions].

Dering, sec Dkeeing.

D'Este, John, musician and writer,
author of " Music made easy, the Rudiments
of Music," London, 1849; "The Vocalist's
Vade Mecum, or Pocket Companion, Practical
Hints on Singing," etc., London, 1872.

Deval, Harry, writer and composer,
author of "The Art of Vocalization, with com-
plete instructions for the Cultivation of the
Voice," London, n.d. Comj)oserof "The Rival
Clans," Opera, Newcastle, 1846, and of music
to "A Midsummer night's dream," Newcastle,

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