lished. In the midst of an active life he was
attacked by apoplexy, and to the great loss of
the world of music, died October 17, 1891.
Works. — Oratorio, Christ before Pilate
; Anthems; IMadrigals : On a mossy
bank (eight voices. Bristol Madrigal Society,
1839). Cynthia. Literary: Flowers and fes-
tivals, or directions for the floral decorations
of churches, 1868 ; The Chorister's Guide
(1872?); Dictionary of musical terms (with
Dr. Stainer), 1875; Etymons of musical terms
(1876) ; English glee and madrigal writers,
London, 1877; Introduction to form and in-
strumentation for beginners in composition,
1879; English church composers ("Great
Musicians" series), London, San:pson Low,
1882 ; Balfe, his life and work, London, Rem-
ington, 1882; Editor of English folk songs;
Standard English songs (Novello), etc.
Barrett, William Lewis, flutist, born
in London, January 4, 1847. His father was
a violinist, and his mother came off a well-
known musical family in Merionethshire.
Taken to Wales when an infant, he spent his
early years there, and when seven years of
age commenced to play the violin, which he
BRITISH MUSICAL BIOGRAPHY.
afterwards changed for the flute. Destined
for a commercial career, he only took up
music as a profession after the death of his
father. Studied the flute under K. S. Rock-
stro, and harmony under W. Castell. His
firs I work was deputising for Mr. Johu Rad-
cliff, and he was soon engaged by Costa as
second flute and piccolo at Her Majesty's
Opera, where afterwards, for many years, he
was principal flute. Similar appointments
were also held at the Roj'al Italian Opera
(five years), the Carl Rosa London season
(seven years) ; and he has been engaged for
Birmingham, Leeds, and Three Choirs Festi-
vals, the chief orchestral concerts, and is now
principal flute of the Philharmonic Society,
and Professor at the R.C.M. He toured with
Madame Albani in Canada and the United
States, and has also appeared, with success,
on the continent. He has published Flute
Studies; solo and important passages; Ro-
mance and Tarentella, etc.
Barrington, Hon. Daines, English writer
on Law, ISlusic, and Natural History, was born
at London, 1727. Judge on Welsh Circuit,
1757. Second Justice at Chester. Retired from
the Law and resided in the Temj^le. He died
March 11, 1800.
Barrington wrote a standard work on the
Statutes, a work on the possibility of reaching
the North Pole, and several papers dealing
with Crotch, the Wesleys, Mornington, and
Mozart. See his "Miscellanies," 1781, and
the Philosophical Transactions, 1780. Also
author of " Exi^eriments and Observations on
the Singing of Birds," London, 1773.
Barrington, Rutland, George Rutland
Fleet, actor and vocalist. First appeared on
the stage at the Olympic Theatre ; then toured
for some years with Howard Paul. In 1877, he
was engaged for the Opera Comique Company,
and made his debut as the Vicar, in " The
Sorcerer," on its production, November 17,
1877 ; and has since taken part in most of the
Gilbert and Sullivan Operas, his Pooh Bah,
in the " Mikado," being one of his most re-
markable assumptions. In 1888, he turned
theatrical manager, opening the St. James's
Theatre in October ; but the enterprise did not
prosper, and he gave it up the January follow-
ing. Since tlien he has re-appeaied at the
Savoy Theatre, his latest character being Lud-
wig in " The Grand Duke " (March, 1896).
Barrow, J., musician of 18th century.
Pubhshed "Book of Psalmody . . . ," 1730
and 1751. " Psalm-singer's choice companion,
or an imitation of heaven on earth, the beauty
of Holiness, being a compleat composition of
Church musick, containing variety of tunes
for all the common metres of the Psalms . . .
with a new and compleat introduction to the
skill of musick. To which is added an alpha-
betical dictionary . . ." n.d.
Barrow, Thomas, composer and alto
singer of the latter Iialf of the 18th century.
He was a choirister and gentleman of the
Chapel Royal, and sang in Handel's Oratorios.
He died on August 13, 1789. He composed
some Church music, chants, etc.
Barry, Charles Ainslie, composer, or-
ganist and writer, born in London, June 10,
1830, Educated at Rugby, and Trinity Col-
lege, Cambridge. While at Cambridge he
studied music with Professor T. A. Wa'misley.
Graduated B.A. and M.A. By his father's
wish he studied for the ministry, and passed
the voluntary Theological Examination at
Cambridge ; but music became his ultimate
choice. At the Cologne Conservatorium he
studied under F. Weber, E. Frank, and P.
Hiller ; at Leipzig, with Moscheles and E. P.
Richter (1856-7) ; and during his residence
at Dresden received valuable hints from Carl
Reissiger. Returned to London, 1858, and
held an appointment as organist and choir-
master at the Forest School, Leytonstone
Hill, 18C0 ; but a year earlier began to devote
his attention chiefly to musical and literary
composition. Under the initials " C.A.B."
he has contributed many articles to the
Guardi in, Monthly Musical Record, Musical
World, Athencctim, and The Meister ; and to
the Analytical programme books of the Crystal
Palace, Philharmonic, Bache, Richter, and
Birmingham Festival Concerts, etc. He was
secretary to the Liszt Scholarship Fund, 1886,
and is widely known as a cultured musician
with sympathetic leanings to the advanced
modern school of composition.
Works. — ymj^hony, for orchestra; Two
Overtures ; Marcli (Festival March, played
at the Crystal Palace Concerts, 1862) ; String
Quartet ; Cantatas, sacred and secular, all in
MS. Choral Hymns for four voices ; The
story of the Resurrection, a cycle of Hymns ;
The Christmas story, ditto ; Tunes in Hymns
Ancient and Modern and the New Mitre
Hymnal, etc. Six Songs with English and
German v?ords ; Four Songs (C. Kingsley) ;
Two Songs (Tennyson) ; Elizabeth's Songs
from The Saint's Tragedy (Kingsley) ; and
many others. 0, holy night, five-part song.
Theme with variations, pf . duet ; A Birthday
March ; Barcarolle ; Tarantella ; Menuetto
grazioso, and other pf. jiieces. Transcriptions,
Overture, Beatrice and Benedict, Berlioz,
pf. duet ; Andante, from Tschaikowsky's
Quartet in D, pf. solo ; Pf. score of Te
Deum, Berlioz. Editor of The Child's Book
of Praise (Masters), etc.
Barry, William Vipond, pianist, com-
poser, and writer, born at Bandon, March,
1827. Appeared in Belfast as pianist, 1846,
and founded the Belfast Classical Harmonist
Society. He resided for a time in the Pot-
teries, England. He studied under Liszt,
BRITISH MUSICAL BIOGEAPHY.
and was M.A. and Ph. D. of Gottingen Uni-
versity honoris causi. Organist of the Cathe-
dral, Port of Spain, Trinadad, and died there
March 13, 1872. He composed music for the
pianoforte, and wrote a work entitled " Disser-
tation on the Emotional Nature of Musical
Art, and its Media of Operation," London,
1868. His son, William H. Barry, born at
Belfast, April, 1858, is a composer and concert
giver in Dublin.
Barthelemon, Mrs., see Young, Mary.
Bartholomew, Ann Sheppard, born
]MouNSEY, composer, organist and pianist,
born in London, April 17, 1811. Became a
pupil of Logier in 1817, and came under the
notice of Spohr when he visited Logier's in-
stitution in 1820, her harmonising of a melody
being printed in his Autobiography (English
ed., Vol. II., p. 100). She afterwards studied
under Samuel Wesley and Thomas Attwood,
and in 1828 was appointed organist at Clap-
ton. The next vear she went to St. Michael's,
Wood Street, and in 1837 to St. Vedast's,
Foster Lane, a post she held for nearly fifty
years. Associate of the Philharmonic Society,
1834: ; jMember Royal Society of Musicians,
1839. In 1813 she began giving series of
Classical Sacred Concerts at Crosby Hall,
which were continued until 1818. The first
concert took place November 22, 1843, and at
that given January 8, 1845, Mendelssohn's
" Hear my Prayer " (composed for these con-
certs) was performed for the first time. Miss
Rainforth singing the solo part. Several of
Mendelssohn's smaller pieces were first intro-
duced at these concerts. Miss Mounsey was
married to Mr. W. Bartholomew, April 28,
1858. Her artistic career was long and dis-
tinguished. She was a fine executant, par-
ticularly upon the organ. The earliest of her
known compositions, a ballad, " Mary, meet
me there," was published in 1832 ; and she
issued a set of hymn tunes as late as 1883.
She was the possessor of the original MS. of
" Hear my Prayer," which she presented to
the South Kensington Museum in 1871 ; and
of the pianoforte score of " Elijah." The last
few years of her life she passed in retirement,
and died in London, June 24, 1891.
Works. — Oratorio, The Nativity, produced
at St. Martin's Hall (Hullah Concerts) Jan-
uary 17, 1855 ; Sacred Cantata, Supplication
and Thanksgiving, dedicated to H.R.H. the
Princess of Wales, 1864 ; Sacred Harmony,
Hymns, &c. ; Hymns of Prayer and Praise,
(both edited and composed in conjunction
with her sister, Elizabeth Mounsey) ; Thirty-
four original tunes set to favourite hymns
(1883), and other sacred pieces. Six songs,
composed for the Royal Society of Female
Musicians (1845) ; Six songs of remembrance ;
many detached songs, &c. Six duets in canon
(1886) ; Six four-part songs, Op. 37 ; A wreath
for Christmas, &c. Prelude and gigue, and
other pieces for pianoforte. Organ music,
&c. Notes, and unpublished letters of Men-
delssohn, contributed to Lady Wallace's trans-
lation of Elise Polko's "Reminiscences of
Bartholomew, William, scientist, writer,
and violinist, was born in London in 1793.
iMarried to Miss Ann S. Mounsey, April 28,
1858. Chiefly known as the adapter of the
librettos of Mendelssohn's works. Died in
London, August 18, 1867.
Works. — Toy songs for children, written
and adapted to pleasing melodies . . London
 . English version of the words of
Mendelssohn's Antigone, Athalie, ^dipus,
Lauda Sion, Walpurgisnacht, Loreley, Elijah,
Christus ; Spohr's Jessonda ; Costa's Eli and
Naaman ; Bartholomew's The Nativity, etc.
Mr. Bartholomew is best known for his
comaection with jMendelssohn, with whom
his intercourse was friendly and intimate.
Mr. Bartholomew wrote many hymns of con-
siderable merit, in addition to the works
Bartleman, James, bass vocalist, was
born at Westminster, on September 19, 1769.
He studied under Dr. B. Cooke. Bass chor-
ister at the Ancient Music Concerts, 1788-91.
Principal bass at the Vocal Concerts, 1791,
and at the Concert of Ancient Music, 1795.
He died in London, April 15, 1821. This
vocalist revived, and by his magnificent per-
formance, created an interest in the music of
Henry Purcell which lived for many years.
Bartlett, John, composer, born in latter
half of the 16th century. He composed a
" Booke of Ayres, with a Triplicitie of Musicke,
whereof the first part is for the lute or or-
pharion, and the viole de Gamba, and four
parts to sing; the second part is for two
trebles to sing to the lute and viole ; the third
part is for the lute and one voyce, and the
viole de Gamba," London, 1606. Bartlett
was a Bachelor of Music, Oxford, in 1610, but
his biography is unknown.
Bartolozzi, Josephine, see Andersok,
Bartolozzi, Lucia E., see Vestris,
Barton, William, musician, was born
about 1598. He was vicar of Majrfield, Staf-
fordshire, and afterwards vicar of St. Martin's,
Leicester. He died at Leicester, May, 1678,
aged 80. He published the "Book of Psalms
in metre, close and proper to the Hebrew,
smoth and pleasant for the metre ; plain and
easie for the tune, with musicall notes, argu-
ments, annotations, and index. Fitted for
the ready use and understanding of all good
Christians . . ." London, 1644, 2nd edition,
1645 ; also 1646, 1651, 1654, 1682, 1692, Dub-
lin, 1706. etc.
BEITISH MUSICAL BIOGRAPHY.
Bassantin, James, astronomer and math-
ematician, was born in Berwickshire in the
reign of James IV. of Scotland. He studied
at Glasgow and Paris, and passed his life in
scientific pursuits on his estate of Bassendean.
He died in 1568. His works are " Astronomia
Jacobi Bassantini Scoti, opus absolutissimum
. . . ," Geneva, 1599; several minor works on
mathematics, and " Musica secundum Plato-
nem," published about 1560. It was issued in
French and Latin, but is of no practical value,
being simply an abstract-work on music on
the principles of the Platonists.
Bate, Mrs. J. D., musician. Compiler
of "The North India Tune-Book, containing
Bhajans and Ghazals, with native tunes."
Bates, Frank, organist and composer, born
at March, Cambridge, in 1856. IMusical train-
ing private. After acting for a short time as
assistant organist at the Parish Church, Leam-
ington, he was appointed, in 1874, to St.
Baldred's, North Berwick. While there, he
graduated Mus. Bac, Dublin, 1880; his Doc-
tor's Degree being conferred in July, 1884.
He was organist at St. John's, Edinburgh,
from 1882 to 1885, at the end of which time
he received the appointment of organist of
Norwich Cathedral. In 1888 he instituted
Musical Services for the people, with special
choir, and has been actively engaged as tea-
cher of music in Norwich, where he resides.
His compositions include an Oratorio, Sam-
uel (Dublin, 1884) ; a setting of Ps. 67, both
in MS. He has published a Morning and
Evening Service in B flat, an Evening Ser-
vice in G ; God is our hope ; I will sing ; Hear
my Prayer, and other anthems.
Bates, George, organist and composer,
was born on July 6, 1802. In 1839 he became
organist of Ripon Cathedral, a post he re-
tained till his death at Ripon, on January 24,
1881. He composed " Sacred Music ... in
full score for voices with an accompaniment
for the organ or pianoforte." London, .
Bates, Joah, musician, and one of the
founders of the Handel Commemoration, was
horn at Halifax in March, 1749. Instructed in
music by Hartley, organist at Rochdale ; and
R. Wainwright, organist, of Manchester. He
resided for a time at Eton and Cambridge, and
became private secretary to the Earl of
Sandwich. In 1767 he graduated M.A. at
Cambridge, and in 1776 he was appointed
Commissioner of the Victualling Office. He
established the Concert of Ancient Music,
1776, and acted as conductor till 1793. Found-
ed Handel Commemoration (with Sir W. W.
Wynn and Viscount Fitzwilliam), 1783. He
died in London, June 8, 1799.
The "Handel Commemoration " with which
Bates is chiefly identified was, in its time, a
much talked of enterprise. No such gather
ing of a large body of musicians had ever
before taken place, and the extensive arrange-
ments imdertaken in connection with it caused
sufficient stir to assure its success. The vocal-
ists who held the principle parts on the occa-
sion of the first public performance were —
Miss Cantelo, Miss Abrams, Mdlle Mara, Miss
Harwood, Signers Bartolini and Tasca ; and
Messrs. Harrison, Dyne, Champness, Bellamy,
Corfe, Norris, Knyvett, Clerk, Reinhold, and
Matthieson. Bates conducted, and the festi-
val took enormously. The first i^erformance
was in Westminster Abbey, on May 26,
1784. Second and third performances were
given on May 27 and 29. The programme
included "The Messiah," The Dettingen Te
Deum, a Coronation Anthem, and miscellane-
ous selections from Handel's works.
As regards Bates it can be said that he was
a famous conductor, and in every respect a
musician of great knowledge and administra-
tive ability. He did not compose anything so
far as we can learn, but appears to be widely
known among musicians of every grade during
his lifetime. He is somewhat roughly handled
by the Scotch poet, A. Macdonald, in "Moni-
tory Madrigals to Musical Amateurs," Nos. 3
and 4, contained in his Miscellaneous Works,
1791. He was married to Sarah Harrop, a
soprano vocalist, who is noticed under her
Bates, John W., compiler of "The
Sacred Lyre, containing original psalm and
hymn tunes . . ." London .
Bates, T. C, author of a " Complete
Preceptor for the flageolet," London ;
and " Complete Preceptor for the violin,"
Bates, William, composer of the 18th cen-
tury, who flourished between 1720 and 1790.
He was connected with the Maryleboue and
Vauxhall Gardens, for which he composed
much vocal music. In 1760 he acted as sing-
ing master to Ann Cateley, the vocalist, and in
1763 he was prosecuted andflned for trying to
dispose of or sell the person of his pupil for im-
moral purposes to Sir Francis Blake Delavel.
He died, probably in London, about 1790.
Works. — Operas and Musical Dramas —
Flora, or Hob in the well ; Pharmaces, an
English opera altered from the Italian ; The
Theatrical candidates, a prelude  788] ; The
Ladies frolick (with T. A. Arne), 1770. Songs —
Collection of songs sung at Vauxhall, Lon-
don, 1771, also 1776 ; Songs sung at the
Grotto Gardens, 1771 ; The buck's motto ;
The butterfly ; Ye famed and witty one, etc.
Various glees and catches. Six sonatas for
two violins, with a thorough bass for the harp-
sichord or violoncello, London  . Eigh-
teen duettinos for two guitars, two French
horns or two clarinetts, London  .
BFJTISH MUSICAL BIOGRAPHY.
Bateson, Thomas, composer and or-
ganist, was born in the latter half of the
the 16tli century. Organist of Chester Cathe-
dral, 1599. Eesided in Ireland for many
years, from 1608. Organist and vicar choral
of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, 1608.
Mus. Bac, Dublin. (The first on whom the
degree was conferred by the University).
The date of his death is unknown.
WoKKs. — First set of madrigals, 1604 (re-
printed by the IMusical Antiquarian Society
in 1846) ; Second set of madrigals, 1618 ;
Two madrigals in the Triumphs of Oriana.
Bathe, William, Irish Jesuit and writer,
was born in Dublin, 1564. Studied at Lou-
vain and Padua, and became rector of the
Irish College of balamanca. He died Madrid,
June 17th, 1614. Author of " A brief intro-
duction to the true arte of musicke, wherein
are set down exact and easie rules for such as
seeke to know the trueth, with arguments and
there solutions, for such as seeke also to
know the reason of the trueth : with rules be
means whereby any by his own Industrie
may shortly, easily, and regularly attaine to
all such things as to the arte doe belong : to
which otherwise any can hardly attaine with-
out tedious difficult practice, by means of the
irregular order now used in teaching ; lately
set forth by William Bathe, student at Oxen-
ford." London, 1584. Another edition was
issued under the title of " A briefe introduc-
tion to the skill of song, concerning the
practice set forth by William Bathe, gent."
Batson, Rev. Arthur Wellesley, com-
poser. Mus. B., Oxford, 1878. Appointed
Precentor, St. Anne's, Soho, 1888, and con-
ducted Lenten performance of Bach's " St.
John" Passion music in February of that year.
Composer of a sacred cantata, "The Vineyard;"
music to Fletcher's pastoral, " The Faithful
shepherdess ;" comic operetta, " The burglar
and the bishop." Has also published an-
thems, services, madrigals, songs, etc.
Batten, Adrian, composer and organist,
was born in latter portion of 16th century
[1585 — 90]. He studied under Holmes, of
Winchester Cathedral. Became vicar-choral
of Westminster Abbey, 1614, and vicar-choral
of St. Paul's Cathedral, 1624. Organist, St.
Paul's Cathedral, 1624. He died about the
middle of the 17th century  .
Works. — Anthems — Hear my prayer ;
praise the Lord; Deliver us, Lord (in
Boyce's Cathedral music) ; Te Deum, Bene-
dictus, Jubilate, Kyrie, etc., in D (Novello) ;
Thirty-four anthems (words only — Clifford) ;
Twenty-four anthems in Barnard's Cathedral
Battishill, Jonathan, composer and or-
ganist, was born in London in May, 1738.
Son of Jonathan Battishill, solicitor, and
Mary Leverton, his wife. He became a chor-
ister in St. Paul's Cathedral under W. Savage,
1748. He. became deputy organist, under
Boyce, of the Chapel Eoyal. Conductor and
accompanist at Covent Garden Theatre. Mar-
ried to Miss Davies (the original "Madge" in
"Love in a Village"), 1763. Organist of
united parishes of S. Clement, Eastcheap and
S. Martin, Orgar, 1764. Organist of Christ
Church, Newgate Street, 1767. Resigned post
at Covent Garden. Devoted himself to teach-
ing and composition. Presented with gold
medal by the Nobleman's Catch-club, 1771.
On the death of his wife in 1777, he lost taste
for music and became addicted to drink. He
died at Islington, December 10, 1801, and was
buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.
Works. — Almena, an opera (with M. Arne),
Drury Lane, 1764 : The Eites of Hecate, a
musical entertainment, 1764. Ayithems : IBe-
hold, how good and joyful ; Call to remem-
brance : I will magnify Thee, God; Lord,
look down from heaven ; Six anthems and
ten chants, edited by Page, 1804 (with memoir
by Dr. Busby, and portrait) ; Twelve hymns,
the words by the Eev. Charles Wesley ....
London  . Glees : Amidst the iiiyrtles ;
Again my mournful sighs ; Here rests his head
 ; Kate, of Aberdeen ; Come, bind my
hair. A collection of songs for three and four
voices, London  2 books ; Collection of
catches. Songs : Collection of favourite songs
sung at the publick gardens and theatres
 ; At eve with the woodlark I rest ;
Charms of Silvia ; Gay Damon ; Kind request ;
Shepherd and shepherdess ; The Wish. Select
pieces for the organ or pianoforte, contain-
ing an overture and nine pieces selected from
original MSS. by John Page. London  .
Battye, James, composer and teacher,
was born at Huddersfield in 1803, and died
there on October 10, 1858. He published
" Twelve glees for four and five voices, with
pianoforte accompaniment." London [1854J;
" My soul truly waiteth," Gresham prize an-
them, 1845 ; Songs, etc.
Baumer, Henry, composer and teacher,
born about 1835. Head master of Watford
School of Music ; retired in 1886. He died at
Watford, Herts. July 29, 1888. He composed
the "Triumph of Labour," a cantata, 1875;
Part-songs ; and inany single songs ; String
quartet ; Three sketches for pf., etc.
Baxter, Rev. J. A., clergyman and musi-
cian, published " Harmonia Sacra, a collection
of introductory sentences, chants, responses,
doxologies, with 200 psabn and hymn tunes,
arranged for four voices and pf. or organ.
Eevised by Vincent Novello." London, 1840.
Bayley, William, organist and composer,
was born in  . Vicar-choral St. Paul's
Cathedral, and master of the choristers in
succession to Hawes. Organist of St. John's,
BKITISH MUSICAL BIOGEAPEY.
Horsleydown, Southwark. He died at Lon-
don, November 8, 1858. He composed many
songs and other vocal pieces, and published
"The Paneuphonon: a selection of the most
popular tunes, with chants for one or four
voices . . ." N.D.
Bayly, Rev. Anselm, writer and divine,
born 1719. He matriculated at Exeter Col-
lege, Oxford, 1740. Lay-vicar at Westminster
Abbey, 1741. Gentleman of the Chapel Royal,
1741. Priest do., 1744. B.C.L., 1749. D.C.L.,
Oxford, 1764. Sub-dean of Chapel Poyal,
1764. He died in 1792.
WoEKS. — Practical Treatise on Singing and
Playing with just expression and real elegance,
London, 1771 ; The Alliance of Musick, Poetry,
and Oratory, 1789 ; The Sacred Singer, con-
taining an Essay on Grammar, the requisites
of singing cathedral compositions, etc., Lon-
don, 1771. Collection of Anthems used in His
Majesty's Chapel Royal, and most cathedral
churches in England and Ireland, 1769. Ser-
mons, etc. ,
Bayly, Barre Dalton, violinist, born at
St. Heliers, Jersey, 1850. Youngest son of
the late Captain Edgar Bayly, H.M. 12th
Regiment, and his wife, daughter of Lord
Charles B. Kerr, second son of the fifth Lord
Lothian. Pupil of M. Currie de Hauteville
and Ludwig Straus. Some time violinist at
the Grand Opera House and Steinway Hall,
New York. Leader of the orchestra, Exeter
Oratorio Society, 1870-1895 ; principal violin
at important concerts at Barnstaple (Easter
Musical Festivals), and soloist at concerts in
London, &c., and a successful teacher.
Bayly, Thomas liaynes, lyrical poet and
composer, born at Bath, October 13, 1797 ;
died London, April 22, 1839. He composed
the music for a large number of his own
ballads, such as The bower, the Carrier dove,
The Circassian, The Deserter, Ply away pretty
moth, &c., but most of his more popular