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[Illustration: *Text included in illustration.
Spalding's Official Base Ball Guide*]


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Experience has shown that in Base Ball and Athletic Goods, as in all other
lines of business, unprincipled persons are always eager to prey on the
reputation gained by honest dealing and good business management. We regret
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appropriated our original designs, styles and names, and by using similar
illustrations and descriptions, deceive the public into believing that the
articles were manufactured by us, and that we are responsible for their
inferior quality. A wide acquaintance with sportsmen and an extended
experience with the various sports, has enabled us to anticipate the wants
of our patrons in securing outfits, and to offer only such articles as were
perfectly satisfactory for our own use, knowing by practical tests that
they would serve the purpose properly, and be unfailing to the purchaser.

In order to protect our customers, and to preserve our reputation, we have
found it necessary to place our "Trade Mark" on the higher grades of goods
that we manufacture and introduce. The care and discrimination exercised in
selecting only articles of the highest quality as being worthy of bearing
our Trade Mark, has resulted in giving to them a reputation as being
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In our opinion a satisfied customer is the best advertisement that we can
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in return, or the refunding of the purchase money. Our line of Base Balls
is now so well known to the trade, and they are so thoroughly appreciated
by the base ball players of the country, that it seems almost unnecessary
to call special attention to their superior merits. Spalding's League Ball,
having stood the severe test of the National League for the last ten years,
and having again been adopted as the official ball of that leading
organization for 1888 as well as the other prominent professional College
and Amateur Associations, gives it a reputation and sale unequalled by any
other ball on the market. BEWARE OF CHEAP IMITATIONS; NO League Ball is
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We hope that ball players will not be misled by the remarks of interested
dealers handling inferior goods, that the articles they offer "are just as
good as Spalding's" and at a cheaper price. We accept their frequent
references to our goods as the highest compliment that can be paid us,
and only ask that purchasers will do their own comparisons, and be
convinced that our goods are really the cheapest as they certainly are the
best. Special trade prices are quoted to dealers on application.


Publisher's Notice

* * * * *

"Spalding's Base Ball Guide" again greets the base ball public with the
official records of America's national game. First issued in 1877, it has
grown in popularity, has been enlarged and improved from year to year, and
is now the recognized authority upon base ball matters. The statistics
contained in the "Guide" can be relied upon, nearly all of them having been
compiled from official records.

The "Guide" has attained such a size - 180 pages - as to preclude the
possibility of publishing in the same issue the League Constitution in
full, and other interesting League matter. We are therefore compelled, in
addition, to publish the "Official League Book," which contains only
official League matter as furnished by Secretary Young, including the
League Constitution in full.

Copies of the "Guide" or "League Book," will be mailed to any address upon
receipt of twelve cents each. Trade orders supplied through the News
Companies, or direct from the publishers.


* * * * *

WASHINGTON, D. C., March 5, 1889.

By the authority vested in me, I do hereby certify that Messrs. A. G.
Spalding & Bros., of Chicago and New York, have been granted the
_exclusive_ right to publish the Official League Book for 1889.

_Secretary National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs._


For the convenience of our patrons, and for the purpose of bringing our
complete line of Athletic Goods more prominently before Base Ball Players,
we have arranged with the following houses to carry at all times a complete
line of all our Athletic Goods. Their prices will be the same as ours.
Orders for goods may be sent to


A. G. SPALDING & BROS 108 Madison St., Chicago, Ill.
E. C. MEACHAM ARMS CO. 515 Washington Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
J. R. HAWLEY 164 Vine St., Cincinnati, Ohio
BURROWS BROS. CO. 23 to 27 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio
J. B. FIELD & CO. 77 Woodward Ave., Detroit, Mich.
V. KINDLER 418 Genessee Ave. East Saginaw, Mich.
E. G. STUDLEY & CO. 4 Monroe St., Grand Rapids, Mich.
CHAS. MAYER & CO. 29 Washington St., Indianapolis, Ind.
A. G. PRATT & CO. 502 Wood St., Pittsburgh, Pa.
WEST BOOK & STATIONERY CO. 379 & 381 Broadway, Milwaukee, Wis.
G. B. GROSVENOR 744 Main St., Dubuque, Iowa
J W. RECCIUS & BRO 304 Market St., Louisville, Ky.
S. G. MORTON & CO. 426 Nicollet Ave. Minneapolis, Minn.
COLLINS GUN CO. 1312 Douglas St., Omaha, Neb.
M. F. KENNEDY & BROS 66 East 3d St., St, Paul, Minn
GEO. F HIGGINS & CO. 354 16th St., Denver, Col.
F. M. MENGES Sporting Goods CO. 924 Main St Kansas City, Mo.
WM. BECK & SON 165 2d St. Portland, Oregon
TUFTS. LYON ARMS CO. Los Angeles, Cal.


A. G. SPALDING & BROS 241 Broadway, N. Y.
E. W. VINE 1 Green St., Albany, N. Y.
S G. LEVALLEY 189 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y.
RHODE ISLAND NEWS CO. 113 Westminster St., Providence, R.I.
SCRANTOM, WETMORE & Co 10 State St., Rochester, N. Y.
R. WOOD'S SONS 72 S. Salina St., Syracuse, N. Y.
M. W. BULL & Co 445 Main St., Springfield, Mass.
M. C. EBBECKE & Co Allentown, Pa.
M. A. TAPPAN 1013 Pennsylvania Ave, Washington, D. C.


F. F. HANSELL & BRO 28 and 30 Camp St., New Orleans, La.
A. J. ANDERSON 2d and Houston Sts. Fort Worth, Texas
R. M. MANSFORD 293 Main St., Memphis, Tenn.
BIRMINGHAM ARMS Co Birmingham, Ala.
H. DREW & BRO Jacksonville, Fla.
J. W. SAWYER Key West, Fla.


McLEAN BROS & RIGG, Limited Sydney, Australia
McLEAN BROS & RIGG, Limited Adelaide, Australia
BOYLE & SCOTT Melbourne, Australia
W. MCARTHUR & Co Auckland, N. Z.
THOS. LACK Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
C. FLOOD & SONS St. Johns, N. B.



A. G. CASE Aurora, Ill.
C. E. DALTON Bloomington, Ill.
A. P. CUNNINGHAM Champaign, Ill.
C. H. CARYL Kalamazoo, Mich.
SPENCER BROS Marquette, Mich.
JOHN T. BUKER Rockford, Ill.
BAKER & WATSON Terre Haute, Ind.
GREGORY & Co Winona, Minn.
J. A. ELLIOTT Danville, Ill.


N. A. FROST Hanover, N. H.
G. W. BLODGETT & Co Amherst, Mass.
TALBOT BROS Pittsfield, Mass
J. W. BRINE New Haven, Ct.
C. S. WEST Flushing, L. I.
J. W. BRINE Cambridge, Mass.
A. H. POMEROY Hartford, Ct
HIRST & LEACH Princeton, N. J.
A. W. SCOTT Stamford, Ct.
BRENNAN & DAVIS Bradford, Pa.
F. A. CLAPP & Co Worcester, Mass.
GEO. DART Tuxedo, N. Y.


The late Mr. William A Hulbert may be justly considered as the Father of
the National League, for he it was who in 1875 was mainly instrumental in
bringing about the secession from the old National Professional Association
in 1875 which resulted in the establishment of the National League in 1876.
To Mr. Hulbert is due the credit of rescuing professional ball playing from
the abuses which prevailed in the ranks at the time he first became
connected with the Chicago Club. Especially to his persistent course in
refusing to consent to the reinstatement of any player expelled from a
professional club for crooked play, is the present honesty of the game due.
Mr. Hulbert was the second President of the National league, Mr. M G
Bulkely, the present Governor of Connecticut, being the League s first
President. Mr. Hulbert died in April, 1882 from heart disease. He was
essentially a reformer and in his business and social relations sincerity
and candor were marked characteristics. The National League adopted this
resolution at his death: _Resolved_ That to him alone is due the credit of
having founded the National League, and to his able leadership, sound
judgment and impartial management is the success of the League chiefly due.

Official League Book for 1889.

A complete hand book of the national game of base ball,


Statistical reviews of the various professional association championship
seasons, as also the records and averages of the inter-collegiate
associations, east & west.




_Brief Record of the Base Ball Tours to England in 1874 and to Australia
in 1888._


The new code of playing rules, as revised by the committee of conference.

Attached to which is an official explanatory appendix, giving a correct
interpretation of the new rules, also the official record of all league
games and players, and the official schedule of league games for 1889,
pitchers' records in victories for 1888.

Base running and throwing records of 1888, with the leading noteworthy
events. Records of the veteran batsmen of the league from 1876 to 1888.

_Handsomely Illustrated with Portraits and Pictures_

[Illustration: Boston Grounds.]



The publishers of "Spalding's Base Ball Guide" present to the fraternity in
the GUIDE for 1889, the model baseball annual of the period; the thirteenth
annual edition of the work being in every respect the most complete
baseball GUIDE ever issued. Exceeding as it does every other book of the
kind in size - over two hundred pages of reading matter - as also in its new
feature of pictorial illustrations, it presents an epitome of the
professional history of the game for 1888, unequaled by any other work of
the kind previously published. In fact, the GUIDE for 1889 has been made to
conform to the very exceptional year of important events its chapters
record - a year which will be remembered for a long time to come as fruitful
of the most noteworthy occurrences known in the annals of our national

The prominent features of the GUIDE for 1889 are the complete record of
the pitching in the League and American championship contests; the
instructive chapters on "the lessons of the campaign," then on "team
work;" the analyses of the play in the world's championship series of
contests; the new tables showing the figures of the campaigns of the past
eighteen years, and especially the explanatory appendix or chapter of
official instructions to umpires and captains.

The great size of the GUIDE precludes the possibility of including the
games record of the League campaign, as also other records of League
legislation, etc., and these will be found in the "Official League Book,"
which contains only official League matter as furnished by Secretary
Young, including the League Constitution in full.

[Illustration: CHICAGO GROUNDS.]

The American national game of base ball has reached a period in its
history, when it no longer needs to be referred to as a field exercise,
calling for particular mention of its peculiar merits. It is now the
established favorite game of ball of the American people, and occupies a
position in public estimation which no other field sport in vogue
approaches. The game has attained its present position of popularity, not
only from its adaptability to our peculiar national characteristics, as
regards its possession of special points of attraction; but also from its
value as a field sport which presents sufficient excitement in itself to
draw thousands of spectators, without the extrinsic aid of betting as its
chief point of interest, the latter attraction being something which
pertains to nearly every other popular sport. Then, too, it should be
borne in mind that base ball first taught us Americans the value of
physical exercise as an important aid to perfect work in cultivating the
mind up to its highest point. It is to the introduction of base ball as a
national pastime, in fact, that the growth of athletic sports in general
in popularity is largely due; and the game pointed out to the mercantile
community of our large cities that "all work and no play" is the most
costly policy they can pursue, both in regard to the advantages to their
own health, and in the improvement in the work of their employees, the
combination of work and play judiciously, yielding results in better work
and more satisfactory service than was possible under the old rule. Thus,
the game has acted like a lever in lifting into public favor all athletic

A great deal is said about the special attraction of this and that
leading sport of the day. The turfman thinks there is nothing approaching
the excitement of a horse race, which from the start to the finish
occupies but a few minutes of time. The rower regards a three mile "shell"
race as the very acme of sporting pleasures; while the yachtsman looks
upon all other contests as of trifling importance compared with that
ending in the winning of his club regatta cup; and so on through the whole
category of sports of the field, the forest and the river. But if any one
can present to us a sport or pastime, a race or a contest, which can in
all its essentials of stirring excitement, displays of manly courage,
nerve and endurance, and its unwearying scenes of skillful play and
alternations of success equal our national game of ball, we should like to
see it.

What can present a more attractive picture to the lover of out door
sports than the scene presented at a base ball match between two trained
professional teams competing for championship honors, in which every point
of play is so well looked after in the field, that it is only by some
extra display of skill at the bat, that a single run is obtained in a full
nine innings game? If it is considered, too, that base ball is a healthy,
recreative exercise, suitable for all classes of our people, there can be
no surprise that such a game should reach the unprecedented popularity it


The season of 1888, in the professional arena, was marked by several
events which placed it on record as the most noteworthy, known in the
thirteen years' history of the National League. In the first place it was
the inaugural year of the grand movement made by the President of the
Chicago Club, to extend the popularity of our national game beyond the
American continent; an event which exhibited the characteristic energy,
pluck, liberality and business enterprise of Mr. Spalding, in a very
marked manner; the grand success which the venture met with being a well
merited reward for the large financial outlay which he incurred in the
experiment. Secondly, the struggle for the championship of the League,
resulting as it did in the success of the New York club, gave to the East
a lead in the pennant races which they had not held since 1884, when the
Providence club won the championship, Chicago having held the honors in
1885 and 1886, and Detroit in 1887. The past season, too, excelled all
previous years in the vast assemblages of spectators who were gathered at
the grounds of the prominent clubs on holiday occasions; as also in the
immense aggregate of people who patronized the professional contests of
the year. It was also an exceptional year in regard to the close and
exciting contest for the League pennant, between the four leading clubs of
that organization; and at the end of the championship season the sequel of
the contest for the base ball championship of the world finished off the
campaign of 1888, in a manner that greatly added to the honors won by the
victorious League club from New York. The contest for the American
Association championship was also one of the interesting events of the
season, and one, too, which taught aspiring clubs a lesson which they can
well profit by; and that is, that success in championship contests is due
far more to able management, competent captaining, and thorough team work,
than to the gathering together of the strongest of star players in a club
team. In the League, in this respect, while the Boston club had invested,
at great financial cost, in securing the services of noted star players,
the Chicago club, though weakened by the release of players from their
team who had done yeoman service in their ranks for years, were yet able
to excel the picked team of star players of the Boston club, simply by
superiority in handling those they had left to them. In the Association
arena, too, a similar condition of things prevailed in the case of the St.
Louis and Brooklyn clubs, the costly investment of the Brooklyn club for
new players, only enabling them to reach second place in the pennant race,
while the "weakened"(?) St Louis team, by better conceited work together
were enabled to break the record by capturing the Association pennant for
the fourth successive season, something only equaled by the Boston club
under the reign of the old National Association in 1872, '73, '74, and '75.

An event of the season of 1888, also, was the widening the sphere of
professional club operations in the United States, by the inauguration of
the Texas League, which, though not as successful as desired in its first
year, nevertheless opened up a new and large territory for the occupation
of the professional clubs. Closing too, as the year did with a
commendable movement on the part of the League legislators to regulate the
salary system so as to get rid of several costly abuses; it may be justly
said that in no year since professional ball playing was officially
recognized, was there so much done to promote the welfare of the national
game as during the season of 1888.

The summary record of the season's work of the several professional
Leagues and Association prominent during the season of 1888, is as follows:

|Champion |Games |Per Cent. of
Leagues |Club. |Played |Victories
- - - - - - - - - -+ - - - - - - + - - - - -+ - - - - -
National League |New York | 532 | .641
American | | |
Association |St. Louis | 540 | .681
International | | |
Association | Syracuse | 433 | .718
Western | | |
Association | Des Moines | 458 | .648
Central League | Newark | 4*6[A] | .783
Southern League | Birmingham | 101 | .620
New England League | Lowell | 209 | .566
California League | Stockton | 268 | .615
Texas League | Dallas | 146 | .660
Tri-State League | Lima | 538 | .701

[**Proofreaders note A: * indecipherable number**]

| Number of Clubs.
| Began the | Ended the
Leagues | Season. | Season.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -+ - - - - - - -+ - - - - -
National League | 8 | 8
American Association | 8 | 8
International Association | 8 | 8
Western Association | 8 | 7
Central League | 8 | 7
Southern League | 4 | 4
New England League | 7 | 4
California League | 4 | 4
Texas League | 6 | 4
Tri-State League | 10 | 10


The championship campaign of the League for 1888 began on April 20, with
the customary home games between the eight clubs, each in its respective
section, the New York team opening the season at Washington, and the
Bostons at Philadelphia; while in the West Detroit opened at Pittsburg,
and the Chicagos at Indianapolis, the winning clubs being New York,
Boston, Pittsburg and Chicago. By the end of the first week of the
campaign, Boston was in the van without a defeat being charged to them,
while every other club had suffered at least one defeat, Boston leading in
the race, followed by Chicago, New York, Pittsburg, Detroit, Indianapolis,
Washington and Philadelphia, the latter suffering from the great drawback
of the death of their best player Ferguson, a loss which handicapped them
all through the season. By the end of the first week in May the contest
had assumed quite an interesting phase in one respect, and that was the
remarkable success of the Boston team, which, up to May 2 had won every
championship game they had played, the record on May 4 leaving them in the
van. By May 5, however, Chicago pulled up even with them, the two teams
standing with a record of 11 victories and 2 defeats each, and a
percentage of .862 at the close of the third week of the spring campaign.
In the meantime Philadelphia had rallied and had pulled up to seventh
place, and Detroit had overhauled Pittsburg, Indianapolis falling into the
last ditch. By the end of May quite a change had been made in the relative
position of the eight clubs, Chicago having gone to the front and Boston
to second position, while Detroit had moved up to third place, and New
York had fallen back to fourth; while Philadelphia had worked up well and
had got into fifth position, Pittsburg having made a bad tumble to sixth
place, leaving Indianapolis and Washington to bring up the rear.

The month of June saw more changes in the positions of all of the eight
clubs except Chicago and Philadelphia, the former having tenaciously held
on to first place since the last week in April; while Philadelphia
steadily remained a good fifth. Boston, however, fell off badly in the
running, the second week in June seeing, them down to fourth place; while
by June 9 Detroit had got into second place, and was running Chicago a
close race. During the last of May New York had got down to fourth
position; but in the first week of June they had rallied and resumed third
place; but the next week saw them fall back again, while Boston rallied
back to third position. By the end of June the eight clubs occupied the
following relative positions in the race Chicago held the lead, with
Detroit second, Boston third, New York fourth, Philadelphia fifth,
Pittsburg sixth, with Indianapolis and Washington as the two tail enders.

July proved to be the most important month of the season's race, as it
was in this month that the New York team as effectually rallied under the
personal influence of Mr. John B. Day, who from that time out took
personal cognizance of the doings of the "Giants." The first week in July
saw the New York team drive Boston out of third place, while Pittsburg,

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Online LibraryUnknownSpalding's Baseball Guide and Official League Book for 1889 → online text (page 1 of 18)