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The complete herbal : to which is now added, upwards of one hundred additional herbs ... to which are now first annexed, the English physician enlarged, and Key to physic ... forming a complete family dispensatory and natural system of physic ... to which is also added ... receipts, selected from th online

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Online LibraryUnknownThe complete herbal : to which is now added, upwards of one hundred additional herbs ... to which are now first annexed, the English physician enlarged, and Key to physic ... forming a complete family dispensatory and natural system of physic ... to which is also added ... receipts, selected from th → online text (page 1 of 61)
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"Tr * T&"




7



GIFT OF

Professor W.A.Setchell





University of California Berkeley






1



THE



COMPLETE HERBAtr



TO WHICH IS NOW ADDED, UI'WAHDS Of



ONE HUNDRED ADDITIONAL HERBS,

WITH A L'lSl'LAY Of THX1K

iMrturmal an& (Dcciilt Qualities

PHYSICALLY APPLIED TO

THE CURE OF ALL DISORDERS INCIDENT TO MANKIND:

TO WHICH ABE NOW JIEST ANNEXED, THE

ENGLISH PHYSICIAN ENLAKGED,

AND

KEY TO PHYSIC.

WITH

RULES FOR COMPOUNDING MEDICINE ACCORDING TO THE TRUE SYSTEM OF NATURE.

FORMING A COMPLETE

FAMILY DISPENSATORY AND NATURAL SYSTEM OF PHYSIC.



BY NICHOLAS CULPEPER, M.D.

1O WHICH IS ALSO ADDED,

UPWARDS OF FIFTY CHOICE RECEIPTS,

BEEXCTED TOOH THE ADTBOE's LAST LEfiACI TO HIS WIFE.

A NEW EDITION,
WITH A LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL DISEASES TO WHICH THE HUMAN BODY IS LIABLE,

AND A GENERAL INDEX.
Illustrated by Engravings of numerout British Herbs and Plants, correctly coloured from nature.



" The Lord hath created Medicines out o{ the earth ; and he that is wise will not abhor them." Etc. zzxviii.



LONDON:

THOMAS KELLY, 17, PATERNOSTER ROW.



MDCCCL.



LONDON ;

A. CBOSS, PRINTER, 89, PAUL STBEET,
FIN8BURY.






Agrirn on.y





. \inui-a Dulris ,./ Bitli-r



\ 1 1 1 ; i ; a in 1 1 1 1 s











Avon s





Ar s sin ;i r!



Basil



Arc ban jrel




Bi-i-t s














Bird's Foot




Bishop's Weed



Bistort or Siial<i - \\-< -v<\




"White Brioxiy




H o ra o




Br o o]tlin





Urn nk 1 ; i s in <




, DON.



I' I. ATE 4




Bur do <.





Wall Busies s






Camomile



Carrawav






' ' i- n 1 11 ti i-\-



IV i I il ' ..



< ' < I .mil i 11 <



THOMAS K I-. i.i.N . LONDON.




Chervill




sfool





Coin i'rv




(' ra hs (laws
or I'rcsh w;u<T Soldier





Cleave is




i <> \\ x ] i [ j




Shrill. ' in i|Hr loj I







PL \TF. 6.






Cio-wfoot



Cuclco'w Point



Water Cress




( mlweed





-



Crosswort



Dill






1) a i s v



Devil I ,




Eringc






I''. I << a tupaiie




Dork



Drag- oiis



Dog-'s l -r;i s s








fool







I' LATE






Foxglove



Flower - de -luc e



Figwort






Fleawort



Fumitorv



Tluelliu









I'l .. S IS I



Fevprf'r-iv



PLATE 9,






Wall Hawkweed.



Harts Tojngue



Mouse-ear




Gentian.





Golden .Rod .



Galhrg-al .




-.11, f I'.VW I





( )i DU iiilsrl



( ' '1-111,1 nili-r



WDON.








Longrooted Hawlcweed



Hearts Ease




riotmds To






Herh Robert -



Marsh. Pennywort



White HorehotmcL






H ' n \> ;\ i



I MM' !<} V f



, ; r k



,s K!-. LtY, '






I . it (K's >1 ;l n I I ('



; , ;i i ! v s 1 1 1 o c k









,' 1






\\.,, t




I .ils r>l I I,.- \';i ||, - v



I'J.ATK IV





L \ULgvro i 1 1




. . t ) v a g e



Loosestrife or Wood.









. Madder



M a r s ji Ma 1 lo \v






I I 111






M ;i N i IT u or i





* ?




\!o u s /'.a ]



Mouse Kar






IK- v w or i



k Mullrju



o t lire \vor i



-

-



-



-r

-.

;





\Vhili- Mullein




i-I. \







cie












Lit or v of tin- \\'M II



I J t i i \v i 1 1 k I c -



Pep pc r-^vnj- t






I * 1 ; v i it i \ i t i






i' i- imi



IM.ATK 1C,






Privet



Queen of tile Me ado



Mcadow Rue






Cress Rocket



Rattle Grass



Roctet Cress





K.-I pi ii r c- Wur I




PI. A I






Meadow Saxifrage



Great Satiicle



Saraptiir e






Garden Sc\irvygras



Sc abious



SHepterds Purse





S .. I rl . f (I N C'Ult't HlIl'J





SI-IT



Mi M 1 1 c i S. i x if'



THOMAS K t- '. 1 . 1 . V I . i > N I > < > N






Ye How Siicco rv



S ol onion's S e a,l



Wild S u_c c ory






Wood S orrel



C oxmnon S orrel








Tr e a c:J.e Mns t ar cl






!,



,. ,







Wild Tea /.N-



(' <it I u 1 1 'i 1 1 i st 1 r









Ve r v a i



Valerian



Viper's B uglo s s






Wbad



Wo ocibine



Wall Flower






> in 1 1 i A .



-.S KK.I.I.V, I.t



CULPEPER'S



ORIGINAL EPISTLE TO THE READER.



Notice, That in this Edition I have made very many Additions to every sheet in the
J- book : and, also, that those books of mine that are printed of that Letter the small Bibles
are printed with, are very falsely . printed : there being twenty or thirty gross mistakes in every
sheet, many of them such as are exceedingly dangerous to such as shall venture to use them : And
therefore I do warn the Public of them : I can do no more at present ; only take notice of these
Directions by which you shall be sure to know the True one from the False.

The first Direction. The true one hath this Title over the head of every Book, THE COM-
PLETE HERBAL AND ENGLISH PHYSICIAN ENLARGED. The small Counterfeit ones have only thip
Title, THE ENGLISH PHYSICIAN.

The second Direction. The true one hath these words, GOVERNMENT AND VIRTUES, following
the time of the Plants flowering, &c. The counterfeit small ones have these words, VIRTUES AND
USE, following the time of the Plants flowering.

The third Direction. The true one is of a larger Letter than the counterfeit ones, which are
in Twelves, &c., of the Letter small Bibles used to be printed on. 1 shall now speak something
of the book itself.

All other Authors that have written of the nature of Herbs, give not a bit of reason why such
an Herb was appropriated to such a part of the body, nor why it cured such a disease. Truly my
own body being sickly, brought me easily into a capacity, to know that health was the greatest of
all earthly blessings, and truly he was never sick that doth not believe it. Then I considered
that all medicines were compounded of Herbs, Roots, Flowers, Seeds, &<:., and this first set me
to work in studying the nature of simples, most of which I knew by sight before ; and indeed
all the Authors I could read gave me but little satisfaction in this particular, or none at all. 1
cannot build my faith upon Authors' words, nor believe a thing because they say it, and could wish
every body were of my mind in this, to labour to be able to give a reason for every thing they
say or do. They say Reason makes a man diner from a Beast ; if that be true, pray what are
they that, instead of reason for their judgment, quote old Authors'? Perhaps their authors knew
a reason for what they wrote, perhaps they did not; what is that to us? Do we know it? Truly
in writing this work first, to satisfy myself, I drew out all the virtues of the vulgar or common



iv EPISTLE TO THE READER.

Herbs, Plants, and Trees, &c., out of the best or most approved authors I had, or could get; and
having done so, I set myself to study the reason of them. I knew well enough the whole world,
and every thing in it, was formed of a composition of contrary elements, and in such a harmony
as must needs show the wisdom and power of a great God. I knew as well this Creation, though
thus composed of contraries, was one united body, and man an epitome of it: I knew those
various affections in man, in respect of sickness and health, were caused naturally (though God
may have other ends best known to himself) by the various operations of the Microcosm ; and I
could not be ignorant, that as the cause is, so must the cure be; and therefore he that would
know the reason of the operation of the Herbs, must look up as high as the Stars, astrologically.
I always found the disease vary according to the various motions of the Stars; and this is enough,
one would think, to teach a man by the effect where the cause lies. Then to find out the reason
of the operation of Herbs, Plants, &c., by the Stars went I ; and herein I could find but few
authors, but those as full of nonsense and contradiction as an egg is full of meat. This not being
pleasing, and less profitable to me, I consulted with my two brothers, DR. REASON and DR.
EXPERIENCE, and took a voyage to visit my mother NATURE, by whose advice, together with the
help of DR. DILIGENCE, I at last obtained my desire ; and, being warned by MR. HONESTY, a
stranger in our days, to publish it to the world, I have done it.

But you will say, What need I have written on this Subject, seeing so many famous and learned
men have written so much of it in the English Tongue, much more than I have done ?

To this I answer, neither GERRARD nor PARKINSON, or any that ever wrote in the like nature,
ever gave one wise reason for what they wrote, and so did nothing else but train up young
novices in Physic in the School of tradition, and teach them just as a parrot is taught to speak;
an Author says so, therefore it is true; and if all that Authors say be true, why do they
centradict one another "? But in mine, if you view it with the eye of reason, you shall see a reason
for everything that is written, whereby you may find the very ground and foundation of Physic;
you may know what you do, and wherefore you do it; and this shall call me Father, it beinj
(that I know of) never done in the world before.

I have now but two things to write, and then I have done.

1. What the profit and benefit of this Work is.

2. Instructions in the use of it,

1. The profit and benefit arising from it, or that may occur to a wise man from it are many ;
so many that should I sum up all the particulars, my Epistle would be as big as my Book ; I shall
quote some few general heads.

First. The admirable Harmony of the Creation is herein seen, in the influence of Stars upon
Herbs and the Body of Man, how one part of the Creation is subservient to another, and all
for the use of Man, whereby the infinite power and wisdom of God in the creation appear; and
if I do not admire at the simplicity of the Ranters, never trust me; who but viewing the
Creation can hold such a sottish opinion, as that it was from eternity, when the mysteries of it
are so clear to every eye ? but that Scripture shall be verified to them, Rom. i. 20 : " The in-
' visible things of him from the Creation of the World are clearly seen, being understood by the



EPISTLE TO THE READER. v

" things that are made, even his Eternal Power and Godhead ; so that they are without excuse."
And a Poet could teach them a better lesson;

" Because out of thy thoughts God shall not pass,
' ' His image stamped is on every grass."

This indeed is true, God has stamped his image on every creature, and therefore the abuse
of the creature is a great sin ; but how much the more do the wisdom and excellency of God
appear, if we consider the harmony of the Creation iri the virtue and operation of every Herb !

Secondly, Hereby you may know what infinite knowledge Adar* had in his innocence, that
by looking upon a creature, he was able to give it a name according to its nature ; and by know-
ing that, thou mayest know how great thy fall was and be humbled for it even in this respect,
because hereby thou art so ignorant.

Thirdly, Here is the right way for thee to begin at the study of Physic, if thou art minded
to begin at the right end, for here thou hast the reason of the whole art. I wrote before in
certain Astrological Lectures, which I read, and printed, intituled, Astrological Judgment of
Diseases, what planet caused (as a second cause) every disease, how it might be found out what
planet caused it ; here thou hast what planet cures it by Sympathy and Antipathy ; and this brings
me to my last promise, viz.

Instructions for the right use of the book.

And herein let me premise a word or two. The Herbs, Plants, &c. are now in the book
appropriated to their proper planets. Therefore,

First, Consider what planet causeth the disease ; that thou mayest find it in my aforesaid
Judgment of Diseases.

Secondly, Consider what part of the body is afflicted by the disease, and whether it lies in
the flesh, or blood, or bones, or ventricles.

Thirdly, Consider by what planet the afflicted part of the body is governed : that my Judgment
of Diseases will inform you also.

Fourthly, You may oppose diseases by Herbs of the planet, opposite to the planet that causes
them : as diseases of Jupiter by herbs of Mercury, and the contrary ; diseases of the Luminaries by
t'le herbs of Saturn, and the contrary ; diseases of Mars by herbs of Venus, and the contrary.

Fifthly, There is a way to cure diseases sometimes by Sympathy, and so every planet cures
his own disease ; as the Sun and Moon by their Herbs cure the Eyes, Saturn the Spleen, Jupiter
the Liver, Mars the Gall and diseases of choler, and Venus diseases in the instruments of Gene-
ration.



NIGH. CULPEPER



From my House in Spitalfields,
next door to the Red Lion,
September^, 1663.



TO HIS DEAREST CONSORT



MRS, ALICE CULPEPER.



MY DEAREST,

THE works that I have published to the world (though envied by some illiterate physicians)
have merited such just applause, that thou mayest be confident in proceeding to publish anything
I leave thee, especially this master-piece : assuring my friends and countrymen, that they will
receive as much benefit by this, as by my Dispensatory, and that incomparable piece, called, Semiotica
Uranica enlarged, and English Physician

These are the choicest secrets, which I have had many years locked up in my own breast. I
gained them by my constant practice, and by them I maintained a continual reputation in the world,
and I doubt not but the world will honour thee for divulging them ; and my fame shall continue
and increase thereby, though the period of my Life and Studies be at hand, and I must now bid all
things under the sun farewell. Farewell, my dear wife and child ; farewell, Arts and Sciences, which
I so dearly loved ; farewell, all worldly glories ; ndieu, readers,

NICHOLAS CULPEPER



NICHOLAS CULPEPER, the Author of this Work, was son of Nicholas Culpeper, a Clergyman, and
grandson of Sir Thomas Culpeper, Bart. He was some time a student in the university of Cambridge,
and soon after was bound apprentice to an Apothecary. He employed all his leisure hours in the
study of Physic and Astrology, which he afterwards professed, and set up business in Spitalfields,
next door to the Red Lion, (formerly known as the Half-way House between Islington and Stepney,
an exact representation of which we have given under our Author's Portrait), where he had conside-
rable practice, and was much resorted to for his advice, which he gave to the poor gratis. Astrological
Doctors have always been highly respected ; and those celebrated Physicians of the early times,
whom our Author seems to have particularly studied, Hippocrates, Galen, and Avicen, regarded
those as homicides who were ignorant of Astrology. Paracelsus, indeed, went farther ; he declared,
a Phvsician should be predestinated to the cure of his patient ; and the horoscope should be inspected,
the plants gathered at the critical moment, &c.

Culpeper was a writer and translator of several Works, the most celebrated of which is his
Herbal, "being an astrologo-physical discourse of the common herbs of the nation ; containing a
complete Method or Practice of Physic, whereby a Man may preserve his Body in Health, or
cure himself when sick, with such things only as grow in England, they being most fit for English
Constitutions."

This celebrated, and useful Physician died at his house in Spitalfields, in the year 1654. This
Book will remain as a lasting monument of his skill and industry.

Culpeper, the man that first ranged the woods and climbed the mountains in search of medicinal and salutary herbs, has
undoubtedly merited the gratitude of posterity." Da. JOHMSOH.



THE



ENGLISH PHYSICIAN



ENLARGED.



AMARA DULCIS.

pONSIDERING divers shires in this na-
*J tion give divers names to one and the
same herb, and that the common name
which it bears in one county, is not known
in another ; I shall take the pains to set
down all the names that I know of each
herb : pardon me for setting that name first,
which is most common to myself. Besides
Amara Dulcis, some call it Mortal, others
Bitter-sweet ; some Woody Night-shade,
and others Felon-wort.

DescriptJ] It grows up with woody stalks
even to a man's height, and sometimes
higher. The leaves fall off at the approach
of winter, and spring out of the same stalk
at spring-time : the branch is compassed
about with a whitish bark, and has a pith in
the middle of it : the main branch branches
itself into many small ones with claspers,
laying hold on what is next to them, as
vines do : it bears many leaves, they grow
in no order at all, at least in no regular
order ; the leaves are longish, though some-
what broad, and pointed at the ends: many
of them have two little leaves growing at
the end of their foot-stalk ; some have but
one, and some none. The leaves are of a



pale green colour ; the flowers are of a pur-
ple colour, or of a perfect blue, like to vio-
lets, and they stand many of them together
in knots : the berries are green at first, but
when they are ripe they are very red ; if
you taste them, you shall find them just as
the crabs which we in Sussex call Bitter-
sweet, viz, sweet at first and bitter after-
wards.

Place. ,] They grow commonly almost
throughout England, especially in moist
and shady places.

Time.'] The leaves shoot out about the
latter end of March, if the temperature of
the air be ordinary ; it flowers in July, and
the seeds are ripe soon after, usually in the
next month.

Government and virtues.~\ It is under
the planet Mercury, and a notable herb of
his also, if it be rightly gathered under his
influence. It is excellently good to remove
witchcraft both in men and beasts, as also
all sudden diseases whatsoever. Being tied
round about the neck, is one of the most
admirable remedies for the vertigo or dizzi-
ness in the head; and that is the reason (as
Tragus saith) the people in Germany com-
monly hang it about their cattle's necks,
when they fear any such evil hath betided



THE COMPLETE HERBAL



them : Country people commonly take the
berries of it, and having bruised them, ap-
ply them to felons, and thereby soon rid
their fingers of such troublesome guests.

We have now showed you the external
use of the herb ; we shall speak a word or
two of the internal, and so conclude. Take
notice, it is a Mercurial herb, and there-
fore of very subtile parts, as indeed all
Mercurial plants are ; therefore take a
pound of the wood and leaves together,
bruise the wood (which you may easily do,
for it is not so hard as oak) then put it in
a pot, and put to it three pints of white
wine, put on the pot-lid and shut it close;
and let it infuse hot over a gentle fire twelve
hours, then strain it out, so have you a
most excellent drink to open obstructions
of the liver and spleen, to help difficulty
of breath, bruises and falls, and congealed
blood in any part of the body, it helps the
yellow jaundice, the dropsy, and black
jaundice, and to cleanse women newly
brought to bed. You may drink a quarter
of a pint of the infusion every morning.
It purges the body very gently, and not
churlishly as some hold. And when you
find good by this, remember me.

They that think the use of these medi-
cines is too brief, it is only for the cheap-
ness of the book; let them read those books
of mine, of the last edition, viz. Reverius,
Veglingus, Riolanus, Johnson, Sennertus,
and Physic for the Poor.

ALL-HEAL.

IT is called All-heal Hercules's All-heal,
and Hercules's Woundwort, because it is
supposed that Hercules learned the herb
and its virtues from Chiron, when he learn-
ed physic of him. Some call it Panay,
and others Opopane-wort.

Descript.'] Its root is long, thick, and
exceeding full of juice, of a hot and biting
taste, the leaves are great and large, and
winged almost like ash-tree leaves, but that



they are something hairy, each leaf con-
sisting of five or six pair of such wings set
one against the other upon foot-stalks, broad
below, but narrow towards the end; one of
the leaves is a little deeper at the bottom
than the other, of a fair yellowish fresh
green colour : they are of a bitterish taste,
being chewed in the mouth ; from among
these rises up a stalk, green in colour,
round in form, great and 'strong in magni-
tude, five or six feet in altitude, with many
joints, and some leaves thereat; towards
the top come forth umbels of small yellow
flowers, after which are passed away, you
may find whitish, yellow, short, flat seeds,
bitter also in taste.

Place.'] Having given you a description
of the herb from bottom to top, give me
leave to tell you, that there are other herbs
called by this name; but because they are
strangers in England, I give only the de-
scription of this, which is easily to be had
in the gardens of divers places.

Time.'] Although Gerrardsaith, that they
flower from the beginning of May to the
end of December, experience teaches them
that keep it in their gardens, that it flowers
not till the latter end of the summer, and
sheds its seeds presently after.

Government and virtues.'] It is under the
dominion of Mars, hot, biting, and choleric;
and remedies what evils Mars inflicts the
body of man with, by sympathy, as vipers'
flesh attracts poison, and the loadstone
iron. It kills the worms, helps the gout,
cramp, and convulsions, provokes urine,
and helps all joint-aches. It helps all cold
griefs of the head, the vertigo, falling-sick-
ness, the lethargy, the wind cholic, obstruc-
tions of the liver and spleen, stone in the
kidneys and bladder. It provokes the
terms, expels the dead birth : it is excellent
good for the griefs of the sinews, itch, stone,
and tooth-ache, the biting of mad dogs and
venomous beasts, and purges choler very
gently.



AND ENGLISH PHYSICIAN ENLARGED.



3



ALKANET.

BESIDES the common name, it is called
Orchanet, and Spanish Bugloss, and by
apothecaries, Enchusa.

Descript.] Of the many sorts of this herb,
there is but one known to grow commonly
in this nation ; of which one take this de-
scription : It hath a great and thick root, of
a reddish colour, long, narrow, hairy leaves,
green like the leaves of Bugloss, which lie
very thick upon the ground ; the stalks rise
up compassed round about, thick with
leaves, which are less and narrower than
the former; they are tender, and slender,
the flowers are hollow, small, and of a red-
dish colour.

Placed] It grows in Kent near Rochester,
and in many places in the West Country,
both in Devonshire and Cornwall.

TimeJ] They flower in July and the be-
ginning of August, and the seed is ripe
soon after, but the root is in its prime, as
carrots and parsnips are, before the herb
runs up to stalk.

Government and virtues.'] It is an herb un-
der the dominion of Venus, and indeed one
of her darlings, though somewhat hard to
come by. It helps old ulcers, hot inflam-
mations, burnings by common fire, and St.
Anthony's fire, by antipathy to Mars ; for
these uses, your best way is to make it into
an ointment ; also, if you make a vinegar
of it, as you make vinegar of roses, it helps
the morphew and leprosy ; if you apply the
herb to the privities, it draws forth the dead
child. It helps the yellow jaundice, spleen,
and gravel in the kidneys. Dioscorides
saith it helps such as are bitten by a veno-
mous beast, whether it be taken inwardly,
or applied to the wound; nay, he saith fur-
ther, if any one that hath newly eaten it,
do but spit into the mouth of a serpent, the
serpent instantly dies. It stays the flux of
the belly, kills worms, helps the fits of the
mother. Its decoction made in wine, and



drank, strengthens the back, and eases the
pains thereof: It helps bruises and falls,
and is as gallant a remedy to drive out the
small pox and measles as any is ; an oint-
ment made of it, is excellent for green
wounds, pricks or thrusts.

ADDER'S TONGUE OR SERPENT'S TONGUE.

DescriptJ] THIS herb has but one leaf,
which grows with the stalk a finger's length
above the ground, being flat and of a fresh
green colour ; broad like Water Plantain,
but less, without any rib in it ; from the
bottom of which leaf, on the inside, rises
up (ordinarily) one, sometimes two or
three slender stalks, the upper half whereof
is somewhat bigger, and dented with small
dents of a yellowish green colour, like the
tongue of an adder serpent (only this is as
useful as they are formidable). The roots
continue all the year.

Place.~\ It grows in moist meadows, and
such like places.

Time.'] It is to be found in May or April,
for it quickly perishes with a little heat.

Government and virtues.^ It is an herb
under the dominion of the Moon and Caii-



Online LibraryUnknownThe complete herbal : to which is now added, upwards of one hundred additional herbs ... to which are now first annexed, the English physician enlarged, and Key to physic ... forming a complete family dispensatory and natural system of physic ... to which is also added ... receipts, selected from th → online text (page 1 of 61)