â French and Americans advance on 25-mile front to
depth of 3 to 6 miles. United States troops taking a
dozen villages, 4,000 prisoners, 30 guns.
â Japan accepts proposal from Washington for joint
intervention in Siberia.
July 19 â Germans begin retreat across the Marne.
â Honduras declares war on Germany.
â On Soissons-Marne battle line, French and Americans
capture 17,000 prisoners. 360 guns; French drive Ger-
mans out of Oeuilly. Italians capture Moulin d'Ar-
â United States cruiser San Diego sunk by mine, with
loss of 6.
â French recapture Montvoisin, advance in Roy Wood
and Courtin Wood ; capture 400 prisoners, 4 cannon,
30 machine guns.
â Party of United States Congressmen arrive in Paris,
France. Herbert Hoover, L T nited States Food Con-
troller, arrives in England.
July 20 â United States troops have taken 17,000 pris-
oners, 560 guns on the Aisne-Marne front. French
take more than 20,000 prisoners.
â Germans withdraw entirely from region south of the
July 20 â French and Italians push back Germans from
mountains of Rheims, beyond Pourcy, and recapture
â The Scotch take the village of Meteras in a surprise
â British airmen cross the Rhine, raid German cities and
destroy 2 Zeppelins.
â White Star Line steamship Justicia (32,234 tons) sunk
by torpedo off the Irish coast; 11 of crew dead.
July 21 â Chateau-Thierry occupied by the French.
Franco-American forces advance north of the town
over 3 miles; storm Hill No. 193; advance 1 mile.
â German submarine attacks and sinks tug and 4 barges
off Cape Cod.
â Dr. von Seydler, Austrian Premier, and Cabinet re-
July 22 â Fishing schooner is sunk by German sub-
marine, 60 miles southeast of Cape Porpoise.
â United States schooner Robert and Richard sunk by
German submarine off Cape Ann; none lost.
â United States and French forces advance, occupy
area on south between Soissons-Chateau-Thierry road
and the Ourcq. On the Marne, United States and
French pursue fleeing Germans, who destroy villages
July 23 â On the west Americans capture Buzancy and
Jaulgonne on the Marne. French in centre take
Oulchy. On the east British capture Petitchamp
Wood, near Marfaux.
â French in Picardy capture heights of Maillv-Rain-
dal, overlooking Valley of Avre.
July 24 â French and United States troops, in Marne
salient, converge from west and south on Fere-en-
Tardenois. Americans regain Epieds, north of
Marne; advance to Courpoil. British repulse attack
â Total German casualties since Gen. Foch's drive be-
gan estimated at 1S0.000.
â â Several thousand British munition workers strike.
âJapan agrees to all United States proposals for joint
action in Russia.
â â Franco-British airmen bomb Bazoches, Courlandon,
Fismes and Cugnicourt.
â From beginning of present drive to date Allies hav
taken 25,000 prisoners, 500 cannon, thousands of ma-
chine guns : one-seventh of captives are boys of 19.
July 25 â Allies continue to close the pocket of the
Aisne-Marne salient. British advance southwest of
Rheims, between the Ardre and the Vesle. French
are within 3 miles of towns of Fere-en-Tardenois.
Americans coming up from the Maine are 5 miles
away. The bulk of the German army is southeast of
a line between Fismes and Pere.
July 25 â Steamship Tippecanoe, outward bound, ' )rpe-
doed and sunk ; crew lost.
â Baron von Hussarek, Minister of Education, succeeds
Dr. von Seydler as Austrian Premier.
July 26 â French recapture Villemontoire and take
Oulchy-le-Chateau and several hundred prisoners.
Southwest of Rheims Allies lose Mery. British de-
feat German attempt to retake Metteren. In region
of Epieds and Trugny, United States troops defeat
â Lloyd George announces strikers must eithf" work
or fight. London reports the number of strikers in
munition factories has been exaggerated.
â Portuguese bark Pcrto sunk by German suomarine
550 miles off American coast ; entire crew saved.
â United States and French troops advance 10 miles
on river sector of Marne salient, shutting off Germans
from the Marne.
â Americans clear the woods on north bank and French
â Seizure of 2 men, accused of trying to blow up a war
plant at Irvington-on-the-Hudson.
July 29 â In Marne salient French and Americans ad-
vance 2 to 3 miles on 20-mile front, taking many vil-
lages : Bligne, Ville-en-Tardenois captured on the
east ; Cierges and Villers-Argron in center. On the
west French capture Grand-Rozey.
July 30 â Americans and French lose and regain Cierges
and Beugneux and push ahead 2 miles.
âAllied Embassies to Russia, including United States,
removed from Archangel to Kamalaska.
â Baron von Hussarek, new Austrian Premier, declares
Austria ready for honorable peace as soon as oppo-
nents renounce hostile plans.
â United States and British draft treaty goes into ef-
fect; British and Canadians have 60 days in which to
enlist; treaty does not affect Irish or Australians.
July 31 â Field Marshal von Eichhorn, German com-
mander and virtual dictator in the Ukraine, assassin-
ated at Kieff.
â Gen. March, United States Chief of Staff, announces
discontinuance of all distinctions as to Regular, Na-
tional Army and National Guard, and says sole ob-
ject of armies now is to kill men.
â Onondaga Indians of New York declare war on Ger-
Aug. 1 â Allies drive Germans from edge of Forest of
Nesle and before Sergy, and straighten out line from
Buzancy to Cierges and the Meuniere Wood ; in cen-
ter Americans advance mile and a half on Fismes
road, from Sergy toward Chamery.
â French report taking 33,400 prisoners, July 15 to 31.
English report prisoners taken during July, 4,503.
Aug. 3 â Allies advance on 30-mile to the Aisne and the
Vesle, regain 50 villages, obliterate remnant of Marne
salient. Germans evacuate positions on front of 3
miles west of the Ancre and withdraw east of that
â Americans reach outskirts of Fismes.. Allied patrols
west of Rheims hold Vesle fords.
â Gen. March says it was the Rainbow Division of New
York that last week defeated the Prussian Guard.
â British ambulance transport Warilda, with 600 ill and
wounded soldiers, homeward bound, sunk by Ger-
man submarine near a British port : 123 missing.
â Steamer Lake Portage torpedoed in lat. 47 deg. 46
min. N., long. 4 deg. 44 min. W. ; 3 of crew killed.
â Steamer O. B. Jennings sunk by submarine 100 miles
off North Carolina coast; 1 killed, several injured.
Aug. 4 â German retreat in Aisne district continues
United States and French troops occupy Fismes and
cross Vesle at four points. French occupy St. Vaast.
â In Montdidier salient Germans withdraw on 5 to 10-
mile front. French occupy left bank of the Avre.
British reoccupy Pernancourt and Hamel.
Aug. 5 â Germans continue withdrawal on the Ancre
and the Avre. United States troops complete cap-
ture of Fismes. French regain the Amiens-Montdidier
railroad. Germans evacuate Lys salient, north of La
Bassee Canal and east of Robecq, pressed closely by
â Russian and Finnish delegates meet in Berlin to draw
â Paris again shelled by "Fat Bertha."
Aug. 5 â Schooner Gladys J. Holland torpedoed and
sunk 15 miles off Ironbound Island.
â â United States troops land at Archangel.
âSubmarine chaser No. 187 collides with another ves-
sel near Hog Island, off Virginia coast, and sinks ;
no lives lost.
â United States schooner Stanley M. Seaman stopped
by a German submarine 100 miles east of Cape Hat-
teras, which takes off stores.
Aug. 6 â On Somme salient British put entire German
27th Division out of action. Allies repulse all at-
tempts to dislodge them. Rainy weather halts oper-
â Roumania sign:, treaty of peace with Central Pow-
ers, by which she loses province of Dobrudja, on south
side of Danube, and makes economic concessions.
â Dewitt C. Poole, United States Consul General in
Moscow, destroys his codes and records and turns
over business of consulate to Swedish officials.
â United States steamship Morak (3,023 gross tons)
sunk by submarine off Cape Hatteras.
Aug. 7 â United States and French troops cross the
Vesle. British troops advance between Lawe and
Clarice Rivers 1.000 yards and rush German post near
Vieux Berquin, in Lys sector.
â Lloyd George, in House of Commons, says 150 U-
boats have been sunk ; 75 last year.
â Major Gen. Graves is named to command United
States Siberian contingent.
â Fresh mutiny is reported among German sailors at
Wilhelmshaven ; 50 submarines said to have disap-
peared ; 23 leaders of revolt sentenced to death.
â German raider sinks Diamond Shoals Lightship Xo.
â The President puts in effect law to prevent use of
United States ships or yards by foreign interests.
Aug. 8 â British and French Armies, commanded by
Field Marshal Haig, launch new offensive in Somme
salient ; take Germans by surprise ; penetrate 7 miles ;
occupy many towns; take 7,000 prisoners and 100
â Allied detachments move south from Archangel to
Vologda, and attack Bolshevik columns, reinforced
by Germans. A Japanese Lieutenant General is in
Aug. 9 â Swedish steamship bombed and sunk 100 miles
southeast of Nantucket; British vessel rescues crew.
â Anglo-French wedge driven 13 miles into flank of
German position south of the Somme. Morlancourt
captured and the Albert railroad reached, outflanking
Montdidier. Germans begin evacuating Lys salient.
British and French take 17,000 prisoners. Berlin ad-
mits losses, but claims Allied drive has been stopped.
â â German aviators drop peace propaganda over French
lines, with threats to destroy Paris unless France
â Russian Premier Lenine tells Soviets Russia is at war
with the Entente.
â Gen. Otani, of Japenese Army, named to lead United
States and Allied troops in Siberia.
âA summary of results of the Allies' Marne offensive
shows they captured 200 towns and villages, 1,000
square miles of territory and shortened their line
Aug. 10 â LTnited States schooners Katy Palmer, Reli-
ance and Alida May sunk by German submarine, also
the Sybil and Mary Sennett of Gloucester, Mass.
â French capture Montdidier and reach Chaulnes.
United States troops capture Chipilly. British ad-
vance toward Brave ; take nearly 400 guns and more
than 24,000 prisoners. The 27th Division "Empire,"
New York, is with the British Army in Flanders.
Aug. 11 â French make appreciable progress between the
Oise and the Avre; close in on Lassigny from east
and south, and bombard Roye-Noyon road. British
and French fight for Chaulnes.
â British airmen on second day of Picardy offensive
shoot down 61 German flyers, making total 126 for
â â Bolshevik leaders prepare for flight, as counter revo-
lutionary movement spreads in Russia.
â Aviators report Germans digging in and stringing
barbed wire before Franco-American positions on
Aug. 11 â Estimated that 36,000 prisoners, including
more than 1,000 officers, captured so far in Allied of-
fensive in Picardy.
â Nine United States fishing boats off Georgia's banks
sunk by U-boat.
â London reports 187 German flyers shot down in Pic-
ardy so far; the British losing 84.
â â British steamship Penistone torpedoed by submarine
100 miles east of Nantucket.
Aug. 12 â Allied advance slows up. Americans capture
Bray. French take Gury.
â Disorder grows in Moscow. German Ambassador
flees to Pskoff.
â Norwegian steamer Somerstad sunk by torpedo 25
miles off Fire Island ; no casualties.
Aug. 13 â The Echo de Paris states that since Allied
counter offensive began Julv 18, Allies have taken
more than 70,000 prisoners.' 1,000 guns, 10,000 ma-
âLondon announces for the five day fighting on Pic-
ardy front British have won 277 aerial victories; Ger-
â United States steamship Frederic Kellogg torpedoed ;
2 naval reserve men lost.
âFrench troops occupy Thiescourt Plateau, repulse an
attack, gain command of the Divette and Oise Val-
leys and threaten Lassigny. Roye is being envel-
oped by British on the north and French on the south.
â Norwegian steamship Commerstoedt torpedoed off
â On the Vesle Franco-Americans are pushed out of
Fismette, but recover it by counter attack.
â French transport Djemnah sunk in Mediterranean;
442 men missing.
â Steamer Frederick R. Kellogg torpedoed off Barne-
gat Light; 3 killed, 4 missing.
Aug. 14 â Allies make further gains at both ends of
Somme salient. French capture Ribecourt, and Ger-
mans evacuate positions at Beaumont-Hamel, Serre,
Puisieux-au-Mont and Bucquoy, above the Avre.
English strengthen positions along Somme, between
Etinehem and Bray.
â Capt. James Fitzmorris of Royal Flying Corps killed
near Cincinnati while flying from Indianapolis to Day-
â Schooner Dorothy Barrett attacked by submarine near
Cape May, N. J." Crew abandon vessel, which takes
fire; no lives lost.
Aug. 15 â Canadian troops capture villages of Damery
and Parvillers, northwest of Roye. British advance
northwest of Chaulnes; their patrols enter Albert.
âFrench make local gains between the Metz and the
â Prisoners taken on western front now number
âAllies from Archangel penetrate 100 miles from Arch-
angel along railway to Vologda.
âFirst of United S'tates contingent to operate in Si-
beria, 27th United States Infantry from Philippines,
lands at Vladivostok.
â A British column, pushing up through Persia, reaches
Baku, on the Caspian Sea.
â United States schooner Madingadah shelled and sunk
by submarine near Winter Quarter Shoals Light Ves-
âUnited States steamer Cubore (7,300 tons) sunk by-
submarine ; no lives lost.
Aug. 16â French and British approach Roye and repulse
counter attack on Damery. British push up the valley
on both sides of the Ancre, reach the outskirts of
Thiepval Wood. Germans evacuate Vieux-Berquin,
on Lys salient.
âThe Don Cossacks clear left bank of the Don and
âLarge tank steamer shelled off Cape Hatteras by a
submarine and reported on fire; entire crew saved.
âUnited States cargo ship Montanan (6,659 gross tons)
torpedoed and sunk in foreign waters ; 5 men miss-
âA second United States transport carrying troops
from Manila lands at Vladivostok.
âUnited States air squadron of 18 De Haviland ma-
chines (4 type), equipped with Liberty motors, makes
successful flight over German lines.
âParis estimates loss in Germans killed since war be-
gan at 1,400,000.
â The two Kaisers meet at German grand headquarters
âReports from Austria to effect that Austria's Con-
stitution will be revised and provision made for
division of Austro-Hungarian Empire into states au-
tonomous in home affairs.
âUnited States steamer Westbridge (8,800 tons) sunk
by torpedo with loss of 3.
Aug. 16 â British steamer Escrick (4,151 tons) torpedoed
about 500 miles off French coast; 13 of 37 picked up;
Aug. 17 â United States cargo ship Joseph Cudahy tor-
pedoed about 700 miles from English coast ; 13 of
crew rescued ; 62 missing.
â French capture plateau north of Autreches, between
the Somme and the Marne salients.
â Americans in the Vosges, east of St. Die, capture vil-
lage of Frapelle.
â Japanese troops land at Vladivostok.
â A belated message tells of capture of Irkutsk by the
â A message via Berlin says Soviet troops have sur-
rounded and are bombing" Kazan.
â â British Admiralty reports 2 destroyers sunk by mines,.
with loss of life.
â French cruiser Dupetit Thouras sunk by U-boat.
â Austria denounced British recognition of Czecho-Slo-
vaks as a nation and says they will be regarded and
treated as traitors.
â Gen. March says there are 1,450,000 United States
soldiers in expeditionary forces in all parts of the
â Norwegian steamship San Jose sunk by submarine;
no lives lost, and bark Nordhav off Cape Henry.
Aug. 18 â Americans in village of Frapelle, on western
front, repulse enemy patrol raids and make advances
in spite of Germans throwing 2,500 shells.
â Forty survivors of torpedoed British tanker Mirlo
reach Norfolk minus all their clothes, after having
fought their way through a sea of burning oil; 10
were burned to death.
Aug. 19 â French reach outskirts of Lassigny. British
capture Rove, a railroad station. In Lys salient Brit-
ish advance on a front of 10 miles and enter Mer-
ville. Northwest of Soissons French capture 2,200
â â Aviation statistics for four American squadrons tip
to Aug. 1 show 59 German planes downed, exclusive
Aug. 20 â Marshal Foch begins drive on 15-mile front
between the Aisne and the Oise ; advances nearly 3
miles ; captures a dozen villages and 8,000 prisoners.
â Czecho-Slovak forces in Western Siberia capture
Shadrinsk, on the Siberian Railroad, east of the Urals.
â â Major d'Annunzio, Italy's poet-airman, flies 100 miles
across the Adriatic Sea to Pola, the Austrian naval
base, and drops 14 bombs on the arsenal.
â Steam trawler Triumph is captured by a submarine
and converted into a raider to prey upon fishing ves-
Aug. 21 â Gen. March announces 32 United States army
divisions on French soil.
â British troops capture Albert, in Lys salient ; reach
outskirts of Neuf-Berquin. French widen front on
south bank of Oise; cross the Ailette ; approach for-
est of Coucy, north of Oise; reach Divette River;
take a large number of guns and prisoners.
â Paris reports capture of 100,000 Germans on western
front since July 19 ; defeat of 6 German armies since
-The Lake Eden torpedoed and sunk in foreign waters ;
6 killed, 7 missing.
â United States bombing airplanes drop 38 bombs on
Conflans. a town on Verduri-Metz railroad.
â Allied airplanes kill 5, injure 2 and damage private
property at Cologne.
Aug. 22 â At Paris a barge loaded with 540 tons of gas-
oline, belonging to United States expeditionary forces,
â Allied representatives at Archangel announce they
have come at invitation of rightfully constituted Rus-
sian Government to expel the Germans and overturn
the Lenine-Trotsky peace treaty. . .
â The Gasconier, a Belgian Relief Commission ship, on
way to Belgium, outside war zone, with cargo of food,
sunk by submarine and lifeboats fired on; officer and
5 men killed ; others wounded.
Aug. 23 â British airmen bomb Karlsruhe; 9 killed, 6 in-
â Australians take Chugues and Chugnolles Valley and
4,000 prisoners, including 3 battalion commanders ;
shoot down 2 low flying German air machines by air
machines. British airmen attack airdrome at Buhl
and railway junction at Treves.
â Germans defeated on 50-mile front by British and
French from the Cojeul to the Ailette, losing many
towns, men and guns.
â British airmen bomb Frankfort, Cologne and Mann-
â Gen. Foch receives his baton as a Marshal of France
from President Poincare.
â Gen. Semenoff, with force of Czecho-Slovaks, defeats
a Magyar-Bolshevist force at Montsievskaia, Siberia.
â Bray, La Boisselle, Orvillers, Mouquet Farm, Thiepval
and Grandcourt are captured with 2,000 prisoners.
West of Fismes United States troops carry line as
far as Soissons-Rheims road.
â Two seaplanes collide in fog off Fire Island; 3 of
â Gen. Haig continues advance from the Ancre to
the Somme. British capture Sapignies and Behag-
nies, towns north of Bapaume. Welsh troops capture
Mametz Woods. French are in possession of entire
south bank of the Oise and the Ailette River, from
the Oise to Pont St. Mard.
Aug. 24 â United States troops advance east of Ba-
zoches ; repel German raid in the Vosges.
â Austrian airmen bomb cit} r of Padua.
â British advance toward Bapaume, in Picardy. on 30-
mile front ; capture Thiepval, take Bray, La Boisselle,
Moquett Farm and Grandcourt ; surround town of
Miraumont. United States troops advance on half-
mile front to Soissons-Rheims road.
â Submarine chaser No. 209 shelled and sunk by a
steamship, Felix Taussig, by mistake; commander
and 15 of crew missing; 4 killed, 5 injured.
Aug. 25 â British advance 10 miles on 30-mile front,
capture La Boisselle, take over 17,000 prisoners ; at-
tack Bapaume defenses, take Warlencourt, Sapignies
and St. Leger. French occupy entire south bank of
the Oise, west of the Ailette and the Ailette River,
from the Oise to Pont Mt. Marel ; drive Germans from
the plateau of Andignicourt, Nanpcel and Carlepont
and from heights west of the Ailette.
â German submarine sinks United States schooner F. J.
Flaherty and Canadian fishing vessels E. B. Walters,
C. M. Walters and Morris B. Adams: no lives lost.
Aug. 25, 26, 27, 28 â Allied war planes bombard Con-
stantinople 4 times in 3 nights.
Aug. 26 â British take Monchy and other towns on old
Hindenburg line and 1,500 prisoners. French cap-
ture Fresnoy, near Roye, and defeat an attack by
Prussian Guards on the Ailette.
â British air raid on Mannheim damages chemical
â Lenine, Bolshevik Premier of Russia, and Trotsky,
War Minister, reported to have taken refuge on ves-
sels at Kronstadt and Petrograd 'respectively.
Aug. 27 â French capture Roye, take 1,100 prisoners.
French extend line on Oise nearly a mile. British
again pierce Hindenburg line; capture Dompierre
and Montaubin and enter Bapaume. South of Somme
Canadians take 2,000 prisoners.
â Count von Bernstorff appointed German envoy at
Aug. 28â Allies advance on Somme front. French take
Chaulnes and Nesle, 40 villages, reach Canal du Nord.
British capture Trones Wood and outflank Arras-
Cambrai road. Canadians on the Scarpe take 2,000
prisoners. Germans attack Fismette.
âGen. March says United States troops and Allies in
8 weeks since July 1 have taken 102,000 prisoners,
1,300 guns. War Department estimates on basis of
prisoners captured that Germany in same period must
have lost nearlv 350,000 killed and wounded.
Aug. 29 â British take Bapaume. French take Noyon.
Gen. Mangin crosses the Oise; captures Morlincourt.
United States and French troops capture Juvigny, but
lose Chavigny. British capture Ginchy and outflank
Peronne. British have taken since Aug. 21, 26,000
Aug. 30 â British capture Bullecourt and reach Wotan
line. Germans retreat from Flanders. British oc-
cupy Bailleul ; capture Conblis and advance toward
Peronne. United States and French retake Chavigny
and extend line east of Coucy.
â United States steamer Omega (3,636 tons) torpedoed
and sunk ; 29 missing.
Aug. 31 â British capture Mt. Kemmel, southwest of
Ypres and Mt. St. Quentin, and 1,500 prisoners.
French cross Canal du Nord, in Somme region ; cap-
â Nicholas Lenine, Bolshevik Premier, wounded twice
â Spanish steamship Ataz-Mendi, carrying coal from
England to Spain, torpedoed and sunk; no lives lost.
Spain seizes all interned German vessels.
Sept. 1 â United States troops advance about 2 miles be-
yond Juvigny; take 600 prisoners. Allies take Pe-
ronne. Australians take 2,000 prisoners. Allies ad-
vance from south of Somme to Lys salient in Flan-
ders. French advance north of the Ailette; gain foot-
hold in wood west of Coucy-le-Chateau ; take Crecy-
au-Mont and 1,000 prisoners.
â â During August British take 57,318 German prison-
ers (1,283 officers), 657 guns, over 5,790 machine
guns, over 1,000 trench mortars, 3 trains, 9 locomo-
â British advance in Macedonia north of Alcakmah and
west of Vardar River.
Sept. 2 â On western front Allied forces have taken
since July 15, 128,302 prisoners, 2,069 guns, 1,734 mine
throwers, 13,783 machine guns.
â British nierce Droecourt-Queant line; take LeTrans-
loy, Dun', Cagnicourt and Bois-le-Bouche. Cana-
dians gain over 3 miles. English reach outskirts of
Beugny, and take Villers-au-Fois. English and Aus-
tralians drive Germans from St. Pierre-Vaast Wood
and take villages of Allines and Haut-Allines. French
occupy Neuilly, Terny, Sorny and advance north of
â British airmen bomb airdrome at Buhl.
Sept. 3 â Germans flee from the Scarpe to the Somme.
Gen. Haig captures 16,000 men. British advance be-
tween Epehy and Vermand and break through Wotan