â British take villages of Preseau, Valenciennes, Marly,
advance northeast of Maresches ; capture hamlet of
St. Hubert and farms in that region. United States
troops take and pass beyond St. Georges, Imecourt,
Landreville. Chennery, Remonville. Estanne and Clery-
â Italian Government announces that officer of Austrian
General Staff presented himself at front of Italian
lines bearing credentials, asking to discuss armistice ;
Gen. Diaz referred question to Premier Orlando, now
in Paris, who informs Inter-Allied Conference, which
discusses and defines armistice conditions and charged
Gen. Diaz in name of Governments of Allies and of
United States to communicate them to Austrian white
â King Boris abdicates throne of Bulgaria ; Peasant
Government established at Tirnova under leadership
of M. Stambulivsky (pardoned by King Ferdinand
Nov. 3 â United States troops advance to within 4 miles
of Stenay, take many towns, prisoners and much boo-
ty; Gen. Pershing's men, with Gen. Haig's and French,
reach Ghent outskirts, enter Audenarde. United
States bombing air machines attack Martincourt,
Mouzay, Beauclair and Beaufort. French and Amer-
icans clear enemy out of Bourgogne Woods and
whole of Argonne region; take Chatillon-sur-Barre
and Bois du Chesne, Toges, Belleville, Quatre-Champs,
Noirval and Les Alleux.
â Italians capture Trent. Italian forces land at Trieste.
Italian cavalry enter Udine, chief Austrian base in
Italy. In drive more than 100,000 prisoners taken and
over 2,200 guns; entire regiments surrender to Gen.
â Jugo-Slaves seize Austro-Hungarian fleet, except Vir-
ibus Unitis, recently sunk by Italians, and send wire-
less to President Wilson offering to hand vessels over
to United States Government or representatives of
â Serbian Army occupies Belgrade.
N ov 4 â British take Valenciennes, advance 5 miles on
30-mile front and are half way through Mormal For-
est; take 10,000 prisoners, 200 guns; on northern flank
approach Belgian border. First British division take
villages of Fesmy, Hautreve and La Groise; 32d di-
vision takes Ruedenhaut and drives enemy from Mez-
ieres, La Folle and Sambreton ; 13th division take
Soyers, Preux-au-Bois, Hecq, Futoy and Louvignies.
Franco-American troops and Belgians, under King Al-
bert, are in outskirts of Ghent and in possession of
Audenarde. All towns on west bank of Meuse south
of Halles now in American hands. United States
troops penetrate village of Beaumont and occupy
Lauenville, opposite Stenay; take Les Grandes Ar-
moises, an advance of over 3 miles. LTnited States
troops now 7% miles from Carignan, on Mezieres-
Metz railroad, and 9 miles from Sedan.
â Austria accepts truce terms â immediate ending _ of
hostilities by land, on sea and in air ; demobilization
of Austro-Hungarian Army, immediate withdrawal
from North Sea to Switzerland, half of equipment to
be surrendered; evacuation of all territory invaded
since war began, military and railway equipment and
coal to be given up ; no new destruction, pillage or
requisitions; right of free movement over territory
and means of communication ; evacuation in 15 days
of all German troops, any remaining to be interned ;
local authorities of evacuated territory to administer
under Allied control; repatriation without reciproc-
ity of all Allied prisoners of war and interned sub-
jects of civil populations; naval conditions, definite in-
formation of location and movements of Austro-Hun-
garian ships to be given ; surrender of 15 submarines
and all German submarines now in or hereafter en-
tering Austro-Hungarian waters ; other surface war
ships to be disarmed ; 34 war ships to be surrendered ;
freedom of the Adriatic and up the Danube; Allies
and United States to occupy or dismantle fortifica-
tions ; blockade conditions unchanged, naval aircraft
to be concentrated at designated bases ; evacuation of
Italian coasts, occupation by Allies and United States
of land and sea fortifications; merchant vessels to be
returned; no destruction of ships or material; naval
and marine prisoners to be returned without reci-
â People in Vienna reported to be delirious with joy
at peace news.
â Armistice with Austria goes into effect at 3 P. M.
Before that Italy had 300,000 prisoners, 5,000 guns.
â President Wilson cables felicitations to King of Italy.
Secretary Lansing sends message to Baron Sonnino,
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, now in Versailles.
â Allies settle on and sign truce terms for Germany.
â Chilian Government seizes all German interned trade
â New (Omsk) Russian Government rescues from
"Reds" $400,000,000 in gold taken from Petrograd to
Kazan by Bolsheviki.
Nov. 5 â Marshal Foch has the Allies' armistice terms
ready for the Germans.
â Southward from Ghent the Americans went further
over the Scheldt, above Audenarde, while south of
there British forces occupied a wide stretch of the
eastern river bank.
â Pershing's 1st Army continued its advance on
both banks of the Meuse. Crossings were made north
and south of Dun and large forces made good their
hold on the hills of the eastern bank and pressed on
toward Stenay, from which they were distant 6 miles,
and Montmedy. By an advance of more than 4 miles
on the center (where the Metropolitan Division from
New York has been operating) they passed beyond
Raucourt Wood to within 5 miles of the point where
the great trunk line to Metz crosses the river and
within 8 miles of Sedan.
â The Allies began the siege of Ghent, the stronghold
on the Scheldt River, with American, Belgian, British
and French units participating and with the Queen of
the Belgians watching, in the van of the attack, the
smashing of the city's defenses. Germans already re-
ported to have withdrawn their main forces from the
â The American forces later captured Liny-devant-Dun
and Milly-devant-Dun, 6 miles south of Stenay, east
of the Meuse. They were also occupying the hills on
the east bank of the river, despite a stiff machine gun
resistance by the Germans.
â Between the Sambre Canal and the Argonne the
French advanced more than 6 miles at points. They
captured more than 4,000 prisoners and at least 60
Nov. 6 â Reports from the center of the American line
are to the effect that the town of Mouzon is on fire
and that part of Sedan is burning. Its footing estab-
lished east of the Meuse, the American Army has
forced its way along both banks of the river, within
6 miles of Sedan.
â â American and French troops continue their advance.
Murvaux, north of the Freya line and east of Dun,
was reached this afternoon, and operations about the
heights to the east of Sedan are under way.
â The British, further west, are 4 miles within the
trunk line connecting Northern France and Lorraine,
threatening to divide the enemy's forces into 3 armies,
with precarious roads of retreat.
â As a result of the menace on the flanks, the Germans
are retreating fast in the center, leaving guns and sup-
plies. Following fast on them the French forged
ahead from 5 to 7 miles from Guise to the point of
their junction with the American forces west of the
Nov. 7 â The Americans have not only captured Sedan
in their advance on both sides of the Meuse, but have
made a jump toward the Briey iron mines, which the
Longuyon line protects. Longuyon for several days
has been under the fire of American guns. With that
part of Sedan resting on the western bank of the
river occupied, the American Army is consolidating
its positions and preparing for a further advance. It
was contingents of the noted Rainbow Division and
of the 1st Division that made the final whirlwind dash
â The French advanced 10 miles at points, directly men-
acing the German center communications. More than
100 villages were taken.
â â British forces are continuing their progress along the
Franco-Belgian battle line. Northeast of Valen-
ciennes they have reached the outskirts of Quievrain
and Crespin, close to the Belgian border. Further
south the town of Angre has been taken. Southeast
of the Mormal Forest the British have captured Mon-
ceau-St. Vaast and Dompierre, 3 miles northwest of
the railway junction of Avesnes.
â Advices from neutral sources indicate that the out-
breaks at Kiel and Hamburg and the suburbs of the
latter city are assuming serious proportions, the cor-
respondent of the Copenhagen Politik at Vamdrup
reporting violent artillery firing in the streets of Ham-
Nov. T â A premature publication in afternoon newspap-
ers that peace terms had been agreed to by Germany
made New York City delirious with joy; whistles and
sirens blew, bells rang, business was practically aban-
doned and the streets filled up with merrymakers very
similar to an old night before New Year celebration.
The excitement continued to a late hour in spite of
publication of denials of authenticity of report.
â Admiral Henry B. Wilson, commander of the Amer-
ican naval forces in French waters, later said he au-
thorized the giving out of the announcement of the
alleged signing, believing it to be authentic.
â Twenty thousand deserters from the German Army
are marching through the streets of Berlin.
â A large part of the German Navy and a great part
of Schleswig are in the hands of the revolutionists,
according to reports received in Copenhagen from
Kiel and forwarded by the Exchange Telegraph Com-
pany. All of the workshops have been occupied by
the Red troops and Kiel is governed by a Marines'
Soldiers' and Workers' Council. All the street car
lines and railways are under control of this council.
â Virtually all the German fleet has revolted, according
to a despatch received from The Hague. The men are
masters at Kiel, Wilhelmshaven, Heligoland, Borkum
â In taking over the battleship Kaiser at Kiel the officers
attempting to defend the German flag were over-
powered, and 2 of them, including the commander,
were killed and a number of others were wounded,
says the Cologne Gazette. Three companies of infan-
try sent to Kiel to restore order joined the revolu-
tion and a fourth company was disarmed. During
the night, hussars sent from Wandsbeck were forced
to turn back by sailors armed with machine guns.
Nov. 8 â Germany's armistice delegates were received
by Marshal Foch at 9 A. M. in a railroad car in which
the Commander-in-Chief has his headquarters. Mat-
thias Erzberger, leader of the enemy delegation, speak-
ing in French, announced that the German Govern-
ment had appointed them plenipotentiaries to take
cognizance of the terms, and eventually to sign an
armistice. Marshal Foch then read the terms to them,
dwelling upon each word. They made a few observa-
tions, pointing out difficulties in the way of carrying
out some secondary clauses. Then Erzberger asked
for a suspension of hostilities. This request Marshal
Foch refused. The delegates having obtained per-
mission to send a courier to Spa, German great head-
quarters, and communicate with that place by wire-
less, withdrew. The armistice terms called for an
answer within 72 hours, expiring at 11 A. M. Monday.
â The French have reached Mezieres, the Tailroad junc-
tion on the left of the American front on the Meuse.
Gen. Gouraud holds the west bank of the Meuse from
Sedan to the outskirts of Mezieres. His troops ad-
vanced from 5 to 8 miles in a day. Scores of vil-
lages were liberated. Artillery and supplies were
rushed up over roads deep with mud and the German
resistance became stiffer.
â The Americans have improved their positions beyond
Sedan on both sides of the river, consolidating their
tremendous gains of the last 4 days.
â The British not only have taken the stronghold of
Avesnes and vital junction of the enemy's connec-
tions between the north and south armies, but have
pushed their line to within 2 miles of Maubeuge, a
total gain of 5 miles on a front of more than 30 miles.
â â Emperor William has refused a demand of the Social-
ists that he and the Crown Prince abdicate. Chancel-
lor Maximilian, unable to control the Socialists, who
are the most powerful bloc in the Reichstag major-
ity, has resigned.
â A popular uprising in Munich has resulted in the
proclamation of a republic in Bavaria.
â The rebels who raised the red flag at Kiel now con-
trol all the North Sea Coast of Germany and part
of the Baltic shore. Prince Henry of Prussia, the
Kaiser's brother, fled under a red flag from Kiel,
tired on by revolutionists.
â Rebellious movements are reported in the great in-
dustrial district about Essen.
Nov. 9 â "The Kaiser and King has decided to renounce
the throne," officially announces the retiring Chan-
cellor, Prince Maximilian of Baden. Prince Max
acted a few hours as Regent.
â Revolt of the soldiers, sailors and workmen, which
began at Kiel, has spread over Germany until the
movement has embraced practically all northeastern
and northwestern sections of the empire. Rebellions
have occurred in Hanover, Cologne, Brunswick and
Magdeburg, the latter city 80 miles southwest of
â The population of the Polish Province of Plock has
risen against the Germans and there have been con-
flicts in which a number of persons of both sides have
Nov. 9 â At Berlin the Socialists have taken over the
â The commander at Kiel and Naval Capt. Heine were
shot and killed while resisting arrest.
â A general railway strike has been started in Germany.
Owing to the run on the banks in Berlin these in-
stitutions have stopped payment.
â Six German battleships anchored outside of Flens-
burg in Schleswig have directed their guns against
the revolutionists. The battleship Konig, which re-
fused to surrender, was captured after a fight.
â The retired Prussian General, Gustav Ahlborn, S2
years old, a veteran of the Franco-Prussian War, com-
mitted suicide at the foot of the Bismarck statue in
â The Americans advanced everywhere along their line.
The enemy artillery fire was from large calibre guns,
indicating positions a great distance away. One
American division reached Mouzay in its forward
march, despite machine gun resistance and a fire from
mine throwers. Five American ambulances drove by
mistake into the German lines northeast of Lion-de-
vant-Dun and were captured. Comrades organized a
rescue party and returned with the ambulances, 4
prisoners and 3 guns. The Americans are in control
of both sides of the Meuse and occupied Remoiville
Wood. They crossed the river at Mouzon, thus mak-
ing their line on both sides complete from Villers-de-
âThe British battleship Britannia was torpedoed near
the west entrance to the Straits of Gibraltar and sank
3% hours later, according to an Admiralty announce-
ment; 39 officers and 073 men were saved. The Brit-
annia, which had a displacement of 10,350 tons, was
launched at Portsmouth Dec. 10, 1904. She was 453.7
feet in length, had a speed of approximately 19 knots
an hour and carried a peace time complement of 777
men. Her main armament consisted of 4 12-inch
â Field Marshal Haig announced the capture of the for-
tress of Maubeuge by the Guards and 62d Divisions.
British troops have made progress south of that town
and are east of the Avesnes-Maubeuge road. North
of Tournai the British are on the east bank of the_
Scheldt, about Herinnes and Herchem. South of
Maubeuge the British are pushing eastward and are
beyond the Avesnes-Maubeuge road.
â French cavalry crossed the Belgian frontier, over-
throwing the enemy rearguards, taking prisoners and
capturing guns, material and railway trains. Glageon,
Formies, Hirson, Anor and St. Michel were occupied.
Our forces continued their pursuit beyond these local-
ities on the general line of Momignies, the northern
outskirts of the St. Michel Forest, Maquenoise and
Philippe Forge. Further east, after having forced a
passage on the Thon and Aube Rivers, they occupied
the plateau to the north, took Signy-le-Petit and
reached the Mezieres-Hirson railway at the village
of Wagny and south of Maubert-Fontaine. On the
right they reached and surrounded Mezieres and Mo-
hon, and crossed the Meuse further east, opposite
Nov. 9 â Belgian troops are standing along the Ghent-
Terneuzen Canal from the Dutch frontier to the Ghent
Station. The French troops in Belgium, advancing
beyond the Scheldt, were able to occupy Welden and
Edelaere. East of Melden the Heights of Koppen-
berg were captured.
â Friedrich Ebert, upon assuming office at Berlin as
Chancellor, issued, a proclamation announcing that
the new Governmetn at Berlin had taken charge of
Business to prevent civil war and famine. In a man-
ifesto addressed to the "citizens" of Germany the
Chancellor said he was going to form a people's
Government to bring about peace "as quickly as pos-
sible," and to confirm the liberty which the Govern-
ment has gained.
Nov. 10 â The German courier from the meeting place
of the armistice negotiations arrived at German grand
headquarters at 10 A. M. He had been delayed by
an explosion of an ammunition depot, which he mis-
took for firing.
âThe revolution spreads throughout Germany, headed
by Workmen's and Soldiers' Councils.
â Lieut. Krupp von Bohlen and Halbach, the head of
the Krupp works, and his wife have been arrested.
â The ex-Kaiser and suite flee to Holland, arriving at
Eysden, on the frontier, at 7 :30 A. M . Thence he
went to the Chateau Middachten. owned by Count
William F. C. H. von Bentinck, at de Steeg, a town
on the Guelders Yssel, an arm of the Rhine, 12 miles
from the German border.
â Count zu Reventlow flees to Denmark. Among the
incidents of the revolution is the renunciation by the
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar and his family of the
right of exemption from taxation.
â Wilhelm II, the reigning King of Wurttemberg abdi-
cated on Friday night, according to Havas Agency
despatches from Basel.
â The 1st and 2d American armies in their attacks ex-
tending along the Moselle and the Meuse advanced
on a front of 71 miles. French troops operating un-
der the American command also advanced at various
points. The captured territory includes the German
stronghold of Stenay, Brimoucourt, east of Verdun,
and numerous villages and fortified positions in Lor-
raine. The entire district in the region of Stenay was
flooded by the Germans, who dammed the canals and
rivers. The Americans crossed the River Meuse
from below, took Stenay in a great northward push.
The Germans shelled the Verdun road in the regions
of Cesse, Beaumont, Mouzon and Balan. The Mou-
zon Bridge was broken in 2 places. Along the Meuse
from the region of Sedan to Stenay the enemy ma-
chine gunners, clinging to the hills overlooking the
river, kept flares burning all during Saturday night,
preventing the Americans from crossing.
âThe British have entered the outskirts of Mons. It
was here the original "contemptibles'' made their first
stand against von Kluck. South of the city Haig's
forces have crossed the Belgian border. Several rail-
road trains were taken as British advance guards
pressed east of Maubeuge.
â In Vienna and Neustadt the aeroplane hangars have
been burned. At Salzburg there has been shooting in
the streets. From Aussig and Pettau hunger revolts
are reported, the military food stores being plundered.
A Vienna despatch to the Berlin Vossische Zeitung
says: "The former Austrian navy has ceased to ex-
ist. The most valuable warships are lying at the bot-
tom of the sea. Austrian naval officers who arrived
this morning from Laibach relate that the Jugo-Slavs,
to whom the fleet was handed, blew up all the biggest
ships at Pola, valued at $14,000,000, to prevent their
falling into the hands of the Italians.
â The Czecho-Slovak press agency wires from Laibach:
"Italian military forces have occupied Trieste. The
Slovene National Council has protested." The Jugo-
slav National Council at Agram has sent a deputa-
tion to the Serbian troops now occupying Mitrowitza,
asking that the Serbians occupy the whole of Jugo-
â The first member of royalty in the Austrian entour-
age has arrived in Switzerland with an Italian per-
mit. He is the Duke of Braganza, former pretender
to the throne of Portugal, who sought refuge in Aus-
tria and joined Emperor Charles's army. He has
reached Samadan, near St. Moritz.
â More than a quarter of a million of Italian prison-
ers of war held in Austria have been returned to
Italy. Sick and wounded men will be returned later
by way of Switzerland.
â King Victor Emmanuel of Italy made a triumphal
entry into Trieste. The entire population welcomed
him. The King, who was accompanied by Gen. Diaz,
other generals and Lieut. Commander Rizzo, arrived
on the destroyer Audace. The King was showered
with flowers as he made his way to the City Hall.
Nov. 11 â German envoys signed the Allied armistice
terms at Senlis, at 5 A. M., Paris time, which took
effect at 11 A. M., Paris time (6 A. M. New York
time). Delay for evacuation prolonged by 24 hours
for the left bank of the Rhine besides the 5 days ;
therefore, 31 days in all. A supplementary declara-
tion to the armistice terms was signed to the effect
that in the event of the 6 German battle cruisers, 10
battleships, 8 light cruisers and 50 destroyers not be-
ing handed over owing to a mutinous state, the Al-
lies reserve the right to occupy Heligoland as an ad-
vance base to enable them to enforce the terms.
â The Grand Duke of Oldenburg has been dethroned
and the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin has
abdicated, according to despatches from Hamburg.
â President Wilson reads the terms of the German ar-
mistice to Congress in joint session and announces the
end of the war. Similar declarations were made to
the British Parliament, the French National Assem-
bly, and at other Allied capitals. In New York and
other great cities the event was hailed by celebrations.
â Dr. Solf, German Foreign Secretary, addresses a mes-
sage to Secretary of State Lansing requesting that
President Wilson intervene to mitigate "the fearful
conditions" existing in Germany. He says the en-
forcement of the conditions of the armistice, especially
the surrender of transport, means the starvation of
millions, and requests that the President's influence
be directed to overcoming this danger.
â Field Marshal von Hindenburg has placed himself and
the German army at the disposition of the new peo-
ple's government at Berlin. He asked the Cologne
Soldiers and Workers' Council to send delegates to
German main headquarters at once. Von Hindenburg
said he had taken this action "in order to avoid
â â King Friedrich August of Saxony has been dethroned,
according to an official telegram from Berlin.
â When fighting ended the German front line opposite
the 1st American Army, running south and north,
was approximately as follows . From north of the
Chateau d'Hannancelles, through the Bois de Lavale,
the Bois de Manheulles, the Bois Masseneue, thence
northwest, passing east to Blanzee, east of Grimau-
court, east and north of Nobras Woods, thence
through the Grand Chenas, east of Bezonvaux,
through the Herbebois Woods, east and north of Hill
319, north of Chaumont-devant-Damvillers and Hill
324, to the east side of the Thiente Brook and the
Damvillers-Metz road, north of Remoiville to the
north of the Forest of Woevre and Paalon, to east
and north of Stenay, and thence north and slightly
west to the end of the sector north of Mouzon, along
â â The front of the 2d Army from south to north was :
Nomeny to Eply, through the Bois Voirrotte, through
the Bois Frehaut, to the Moselle River and up the
river to a point about two-thirds of a 'mile south of
Pagny and thence west to a point one-third of a mile
south of Preny. Thence through Remberecourt to the
north of the Bois Dommartin, and the Mainbois Farm
skirting the northern end of Lake Lachaussee. through
the Bois les Hautes Epines, through the Bois de Wa-
vrille, St. Hilaire, Marcheville, Riaville to one-third
of a mile south of Ville-en-Woevre.
â â On the front of the 1st and 2d Armies, between the
Meuse and the Moselle. Allied troops hold the former
German front line villages of Ronvaux, Watronville,
Blanzee, Moranville, Abaucourt, Dieppe and Bezon-
â Thousands of American heavy guns fired the parting