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The American Missionary — Volume 43, No. 04, April, 1889 online

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THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY.

APRIL, 1889.

VOL. XLIII. NO. 4.



CONTENTS


EDITORIAL.


THE REMEDY - BUT WHO IS TO FURNISH IT?

SOME CURIOUS AND SUGGESTIVE FACTS

PARAGRAPHS

NOTES FROM NEW ENGLAND

PROTESTANT AND PAPIST - AN OBJECT-LESSON - SCHOOL ECHOES

A DOCTRINAL SERMON - BOOK NOTICES



THE SOUTH.


DEDICATION OF BALLARD BUILDING

TEN YEARS AT THE FRONT

PROGRESS OF EDUCATION IN THE SOUTH

NEW ORGAN AT THOMASVILLE, GA.



THE INDIANS.

VISIT TO PARK STREET CHURCH STATION



THE CHINESE.

SAN DIEGO CHINESE MISSION


BUREAU OF WOMAN'S WORK.

NOTICE OF A CONFERENCE OF OFFICERS

TEMPERANCE WORK IN TENNESSEE


FOR THE CHILDREN.

CHRISTMAS AT S'KOKOMISH RESERVATION


RECEIPTS

* * * * *

NEW YORK:

PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.

Rooms, 56 Reade Street.

* * * * *

Price, 50 Cents a Year, in Advance.

Entered at the Post Office at New York, N.Y., as second-class matter.

* * * * *


American Missionary Association.


PRESIDENT, Rev. WM. M. TAYLOR, D.D., LL.D., N.Y.


_Vice-Presidents._

Rev. A.J.F. BEHRENDS, D.D., N.Y.
Rev. ALEX. McKENZIE, D.D., Mass.
Rev. F.A. NOBLE, D.D., Ill.
Rev. D.O. MEARS, D.D., Mass.
Rev. HENRY HOPKINS, D.D., Mo.


_Corresponding Secretaries._

Rev. M.E. STRIEBY, D.D., _56 Reads Street, N.Y._
Rev. A.F. BEARD, D.D., _56 Reade Street, N.Y._


_Recording Secretary._

Rev. M.E. STRIEBY, D.D., _56 Reade Street, N.Y._


_Treasurer._

H.W. HUBBARD, Esq., _56 Reade Street, N.Y._


_Auditors._

PETER McCARTEE.
CHAS. P. PEIRCE.


_Executive Committee._

JOHN H. WASHBURN, Chairman.
ADDISON P. FOSTER, Secretary.


_For Three Years._

J.E. RANKIN,
WM. H. WARD,
J.W. COOPER,
JOHN H. WASHBURN,
EDMUND L. CHAMPLIN.


_For Two Years._

LYMAN ABBOTT,
CHAS. A. HULL,
J.R. DANFORTH,
CLINTON B. FISK,
ADDISON P. FOSTER.


_For One Year._

S.B. HALLIDAY,
SAMUEL HOLMES,
SAMUEL S. MARPLES,
CHARLES L. MEAD,
ELBERT B. MONROE.


_District Secretaries._

Rev. C.J. RYDER, _21 Cong'l House, Boston._
Rev. J.E. ROY, D.D., _151 Washington Street, Chicago._


_Financial Secretary for Indian Missions._

Rev. CHAS. W. SHELTON.


_Field Superintendents._

Rev. FRANK E. JENKINS.
Prof. EDWARD S. HALL.


_Secretary of Woman's Bureau._

Miss D.E. EMERSON, _56 Reade St., N.Y._


COMMUNICATIONS

Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the
Corresponding Secretaries; letters for "THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY," to the
Editor, at the New York Office; letters relating to the finances, to the
Treasurer.

DONATIONS AND SUBSCRIPTIONS

In drafts, checks, registered letters, or post-office orders, may be
sent to H.W. Hubbard, Treasurer, 56 Reade Street, New York, or, when
more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21 Congregational
House, Boston, Mass., or 151 Washington Street, Chicago, Ill. A payment
of thirty dollars at one time constitutes a Life Member.

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. - The date on the "address label," indicates the
time to which the subscription is paid. Changes are made in date on
label to the 10th of each month. If payment of subscription be made
afterward, the change on the label will appear a month later. Please
send early notice of change in post-office address, giving the former
address and the new address, in order that our periodicals and
occasional papers may be correctly mailed.

FORM OF A BEQUEST

"I bequeath to my executor (or executors) the sum of - - dollars, in
trust, to pay the same in - - days after my decease to the person who,
when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurer of the 'American
Missionary Association,' of New York City, to be applied, under the
direction of the Executive Committee of the Association, to its
charitable uses and purposes." The Will should be attested by three
witnesses.


THE
AMERICAN MISSIONARY.

* * * * *

VOL. XLIII. APRIL, 1889. No. 4.

* * * * *

AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.

* * * * *


THE REMEDY - BUT WHO IS TO FURNISH IT?


President Harrison's Inaugural gives in a brief sentence the remedy for
the great Southern difficulty, viz. EDUCATION.

"If, in any of the States, the public security is thought to be
threatened by ignorance among the electors, the obvious remedy is
education."

The Southern situation has been vigorously discussed in the last few
months on the platform, and in the magazines and newspapers, and the
conclusion to which the minds of thoughtful men is rapidly coming is
that announced in the President's Message.

But the remedy will not apply itself, and the means for an adequate
supply of educational facilities must be furnished promptly or the time
will soon come when the case will be hopeless.


WHAT ARE THE SOURCES OF THIS SUPPLY?

1. The public school funds of the States themselves. This must be the
main source. We recognize the fact that the Southern States are
comparatively poor, and the further fact, so greatly to their credit,
that some of them are paying as large a per cent. on the assessed value
of their property as do some of the Northern States. But all the same,
the supply of school houses and teachers is utterly inadequate.

2. From the National Government. The Government has done something in
this direction; in giving lands to the States for educational purposes
and in establishing the Freedmen's Bureau. It is urged to do more by the
passage of an Educational Bill. It has been said that there are
objections to every possible way of planting a hill of corn. But a good
deal of corn has been planted, and it grows. There are objections to any
possible Educational Bill that can be framed. Some of the funds will be
wasted, some will be expended in favoritism and some will be neglected
and not expended at all. But yet a large share of the money will be
spent and well spent, and the great good will over-balance the minor
evils. But even the appropriation, under any Educational Bill that has
been proposed, will be but a drop in the bucket.

3. Another source is from Northern charitable funds. The North owes an
immeasurable debt to both races in the South. It emancipated the slave,
and in so doing, assumed its share of the responsibility for the
consequences. It cannot shrink from the duty under the plea that it is a
Southern question, or even because some of the people at the South
protest against its interference.

The duty of the North is two-fold - educational and religious. It is
bound to aid in primary, industrial, normal and higher education. It has
the teachers and it has the money. It has a special obligation to impart
_religious_ instruction. The public school funds of the South and the
money of the National Government cannot be applied to distinctively
religious education. But there is no such restriction on the Northern
schools in the South; they can give religious instruction in all
departments, and they can train up religious teachers and preachers. The
North, too, has an urgent call to found pure and intelligent churches
among the masses in the South.

The North has not been idle in these respects. The public in both
sections of the country have, we believe, a faint conception of the
amount of money already expended in the South by Northern charitable
individuals and societies. For example, the American Missionary
Association, including some institutions which it founded and for a time
sustained, has expended $7,124,151.26; and including, also, books and
clothing and the amount collected and spent in connection with its
boarding departments, the total sum, as near as can be computed, would
be not far from _ten millions of dollars_ since 1862; and this money has
been economically and wisely expended. It is due to the Association and
to those who have supplied it with the funds, that the grandeur of its
work should be recognized. But, if now, to all this is added the amount
expended in the South by other religious bodies and by the Peabody and
Slater and Hand funds, it will be seen that a mighty force is at work,
unobtrusive as it is helpful, arousing no antagonism in the South, and
blessing in its rebound the benevolent contributors at the North.


THE INADEQUACY OF THE SUPPLY.

But, as the disciples said in regard to the five barley loaves and the
two fishes, "_What are these among so many?_" The means in both cases
are utterly inadequate, and the need of multiplying is as imperative
here as it was on the shore of Galilee. We have a Negro population of
eight millions, which has doubled in the last twenty years, and
increases at the rate of six hundred per day - requiring, if adequately
supplied, the founding of a new Fisk University or Talladega College
every twenty-four hours. There are 1,500,000 illiterate voters in the
South, and how can the North, while admitting with President Harrison,
that if the public security is threatened by this ignorance the remedy
is education, withhold its share of the necessary means?

How can the churches of the North, who know that the future destiny of
these ignorant masses depends upon their _religious_ far more than upon
their secular education, refuse the needed gifts for that purpose? Here
is where the miracle wrought on the shore of Galilee needs to be
repeated. Our Lord and Master is not here now in bodily presence, and he
entrusts to his church the duty of multiplying the bread of life for
these vast perishing masses. The churches of the North must awake to
this great duty. If done at all, it must be done promptly. Present means
are wholly inadequate. Every individual Christian at the North should
feel his personal responsibility and should respond by a great increase
of his contributions for this purpose. It is not too much to say that
the religious influences sent from the North in school, in industrial
training, in the preparation of Christian ministers and teachers, and in
the planting of Christian churches, will well-nigh constitute the
pivotal point of the whole movement. A loss now can never be regained,
but the achievements of the present should be a stimulus for the future.
The North withheld neither treasure nor blood to save the Union and to
free the slave. Treasure and toil will now save the South and the
Nation.

* * * * *


SOME CURIOUS AND SUGGESTIVE FACTS.

What proportion of the funds contributed by living donors to missionary
societies comes directly from church collections? We presume the answer
from a large majority of the contributors would be, three-fourths or
four-fifths. But the curious fact is, that, for the three years, 1886,
1887 and 1888, the average contributions to the American Missionary
Association from church collections are forty-seven per cent., from
Sunday-schools seven per cent., from Woman's Missionary Societies five
per cent., from individual donors forty-one per cent. It thus appears
that less than one-half the total sum comes from collections in the
churches. Another curious fact is, that these receipts directly from the
churches are uniform, not differing to the extent of three per cent. in
the past three years. So that, with all the importunity and pressure,
the plate collections in the churches have not increased.

Another curious fact is, that one-third of the amount donated by
individuals is for special objects, mainly for the increase of plant,
and thus adds to the cost of running expenses, and is so far forth a
burden and not a relief on regular appropriations for current expenses.

What, therefore, is the stable reliance of missionary societies on which
to make annual appropriations? It cannot be on legacies. It cannot be on
the special contributions of individuals. It ought to be based on church
collections. These should carry current expenses, and the additional
plant should come from outside sources. If this be so, and the societies
are to increase their work at all from year to year; if, indeed, they
are to meet the additional cost of the new plant given by individuals,
then the church collections should be increased proportionately.

Are we not, therefore, making a legitimate appeal, when we urge upon
every church member the duty of increasing his individual gift put into
the plate when the collection is taken? A vote of the National Council
or of the Annual Meeting of a missionary body, or of a State Conference,
that a society should receive an increase of funds amounts to little,
unless the individual donor in the church will increase his gifts.

A little increase here aggregates much. If every member will add five
per cent. or ten per cent., it will be little to each, but will be great
in the total. May we ask our readers to lay this to heart with the query
of each to himself, "Is it not _my_ duty to increase my individual
contribution?"

* * * * *


PARAGRAPHS.

We have many appeals by letter and in person from colored people in the
South, for help from the Hand Fund, to aid in sustaining enterprises
which these people are endeavoring to carry forward. Some of these
schools are heavily in debt. Others are greatly lacking in necessary
facilities, buildings, furniture and teachers. Others are crippled for
want of means to meet current expenses. Many of these institutions are
unwisely located, others have no adequate financial basis to warrant
their existence, and some seem to lack the necessary provision for
supervision and responsibility. Taken all together, they furnish
additional warnings to the people of the North against contributing to
individual or local enterprises in the South without most careful
scrutiny into the facts in each individual instance.

* * * * *

A colored missionary teacher in one of the most desolate parts of North
Carolina writes us as follows:

"In making out my bill, you will perhaps not understand what I mean by
the amount to be 'deducted.' I desire to give one-tenth of all my
earnings to God. Of course it is His by right. Our missionary has
brought the matter plainly before me, so I desire that you will deduct
$2.00 every month, which will be one-tenth of my entire salary, and put
it where it will be used for the service of Christ."

* * * * *

Rev. Frank G. Woodworth writes from Tougaloo University.

The school is progressing well. If we have the necessary accommodations,
I see no reason why the school should not enrol 500 pupils within the
next two years. We have had nearly 340 thus far, and probably will reach
375 by the end of the year, and we have refused between 30 and 40 girls
because we had no room for them.

* * * * *

In the last MISSIONARY we gave quite an account of special religious
services held in connection with the Le Moyne Institute, Memphis, Tenn.
In the brief extract below, from a letter of Prof. Steele's, we see some
pleasant results:

"Our special meetings in connection with Mr. Wharton's stay of two weeks
are closed. There have been some eighty or more conversions in church
and school; over sixty are students in school. The work seems very
genuine."

* * * * *

The announcement of the winners of the Tunis Quick prize for grammar and
spelling has been made by the faculty of Rutgers College. The prize was
equally divided between James E. Carr of New York City, and Milton
Demarest of Oredell, N.J. Carr is colored. Last year he took the highest
honor at the grammar school commencement, delivering the valedictory and
winning a prize scholarship. He has only one eye.

* * * * *

We would continue to remind pastors and churches of our Leaflets, which
we will be happy to furnish, on application, to those taking collections
for our Association.

* * * * *


NOTES FROM NEW ENGLAND.

I recently spoke in a manufacturing town in New England. In the forenoon
service, a man, evidently an operative in one of the mills, sat in a
front pew with a whole row of little children beside him, his wife at
the end of the line with a baby in her lap. In the evening, the same man
and family, minus the mother and baby, occupied the same pew. After the
service, this man came to me, and with deep emotion said: "I am only a
working man; you saw my large family of little children; every penny I
can earn counts, but I feel that I must divide the living of my children
with these poor people you have told us of to-day. We can get on with
poorer food to give them the gospel."

This was said in the accent that told that this Christian nobleman came
from old covenant-making and covenant-keeping Scotland! Not a very
"dangerous foreigner!" Money given from such extreme sacrifice is
sacred. Would this spirit were universal!

* * * * *

The close relation existing between the work of the American Missionary
Association for the colored people in America, and that of the American
Board for the colored people in Africa, is most interestingly
illustrated by a contribution which has recently reached this New
England office. Rev. B.F. Ousley of Kambini, East Africa, sends a
contribution of ten dollars for the Theological Department in Fisk
University, Nashville, Tenn. Mr. Ousley and wife are graduates of Fisk
University and went out as missionaries to Africa under the American
Board, four years ago. After these years of experience they realize that
Africa must be evangelized by colored people trained by A.M.A. schools,
and they make this generous contribution to this grand work.

* * * * *

A suggestion made in the Boston "Ministers' Meeting," on the question,
"How to conduct a prayer meeting," might be very appropriately applied
to missionary concerts and addresses. This was the suggestion: "Keep the
temperature warm, the atmosphere clear, and don't pommel the
Christians!" Applied to missionary concerts and addresses, this sound
advice would read: Keep the missionary temperature warm by telling
incidents of missionary experience; keep the missionary atmosphere clear
by presenting the grand hopefulness of the glorious work, and don't
pommel those who attend these meetings and give to these causes!

* * * * *

Patriotism is all aglow among the boys and girls of New England just
now! More than twelve hundred have enlisted recently in the army of the
"True Blues." Pastors, Sunday-school superintendents and teachers,
officers of Young People's Societies of Christian Endeavor, and other
missionary societies have been the enthusiastic recruiting sergeants,
and still there is demand for more recruits. Who will enlist next?

* * * * *

In the last "Notes from New England," we recorded the gift of an aged
friend. Now comes this touching letter:

"Dear Sir: - Please find enclosed $5.00 for the A.M. Association, the
Christmas present of a son to a father. The father is eighty-one years
old to-day. He has been with the A.M.A. from its organization, and
wishes its continued prosperity until its great work is accomplished.

Yours truly,

AN OLD-TIME FRIEND."

* * * * *

Is there any work, North or South, at home or abroad, that requires more
versatile gifts or breadth of training than the work of this
Association? Here are a few lines from the letter of a missionary in
Alabama, which illustrate the many-sidedness of this work:

"I have organized a Woman's Missionary Society. I have an industrial
class for girls, and give them instruction in sewing, in housework on
the principle of the kitchen-garden system, without the practice, as I
have not the articles to use for that purpose. Then a lesson from the
Bible, also, comes in, and some amusement in the way of puzzles. The
girls are pleased to belong to a society of King's Daughters. I have a
class for instructing the women in darning, patching, button-hole making
and so on. We have a Society of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union
in which I have the Department of Social Purity.

"You will be able to believe that my time is pretty fully occupied. I
rejoice that I am able to be here, for I am never so happy as when I am
engaged in this beloved work."

Is not here a splendid field for missionary work for the King's
Daughters throughout the land? Why cannot the loyal daughters of the
King, at the North, support such missionaries as this in their
self-sacrificing work for the down-trodden daughters of this same Divine
King in the South?

* * * * *


PROTESTANT AND PAPIST: AN OBJECT-LESSON.

In the communication below, an esteemed friend finds in our
Annual Meeting at Providence an object-lesson in the Christian
recognition of the colored man, which he very properly sets over
against a like example in the convention of colored Roman
Catholics recently held in Washington, D.C. Our friend is right.
The American Missionary Association stands square on that
subject. We only wish that everybody else, even at the North,
stood with us on that plank of our platform.

"In THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY for February, 1889, I read extracts and
notices from Catholic sources with regard to the universality of that
church organization that 'knows neither North, South, East or West, that
knows neither Jew nor Gentile, Greek, Barbarian nor Scythian,' and
emphasizing the fact that a colored priest had celebrated mass in
company with two white clergymen.

"I am thus reminded of the Annual Meeting of one of the most prominent
national organizations of a religious nature in our land. A few months
ago in the city of Providence, in one of the finest churches of that or
of any city in our land, before as refined and cultivated an audience as
could have been convened in our country, addresses were made by colored
men who sat in the pulpit with some of the most distinguished white
clergymen in the country. If one is an object-lesson, is not the other
quite as much so?"

* * * * *


SCHOOL ECHOES.

I shall let the students, small and large, speak for themselves a little
while, that you may see them as we do. And first -

Ques. - "What are the divisions of North America?"

Ans. - "Maine, New Hampshire, Illinois, North Pole and South Pole and
Augusta."

Ques. - "What is a unit?"

Ans. - "A unit is a number used instead of a name."

Ques. - "What makes the water rise in an artesian well?"

Ans. - "The upward pressure of the rocks under the water."

Ques. - "Where do the collar bones meet?"

Ans. - "Round the north part of the body where the collar fastens."

Ques. - (In woodworking class.) "What is the object of this exercise?"
(An exercise in lining wood.)

Ans. - 1. "This exercise strengthens my mine and my character." 2. "The
object of this exercise is wood."

Ques. - "Define the kinds of sentences."

Part of answer. - "A purgatorial sentence is one that answers a
question."

DEBATE. - _Resolved, that Arithmetic is better than Grammar._

Affirmative: "Arithmetic is better, because without it we could not buy
or sell anything, build houses, bridges or railroads, measure lands or
even count. Can a man make money by knowing the grammar? Ain't no sense
in grammar noway. It's always been my experience that

'A naught's a naught, and a figure's a figure,
All for the white man and none for the nigger.'"

Negative: "To prove that grammar is better, take the Tower of Babble.
They built it, I suppose, many miles high, and the Lord looked down and
mixed up their grammar. So if a man was on top of the tower he would
call down, 'John, bring up the hammer,' and John would come up with a
saw. Then he would send him down for the hammer again, and John would
bring up the nails. How much could we learn of religion, of history and
the world around us, if it were not for grammar? Would 1-2-3 tell us all
that?"

But I have not left much room to tell about the good side. Many of the
papers, for neatness, accuracy and clear expression, would do credit to


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Online LibraryVariousThe American Missionary — Volume 43, No. 04, April, 1889 → online text (page 1 of 5)