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{365}

NOTES AND QUERIES:

A MEDIUM OF INTER-COMMUNICATION FOR LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES,
GENEALOGISTS, ETC.

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No. 234.]
SATURDAY, APRIL 22. 1854.
[Price Fourpence. Stamped Edition 5d.

* * * * *


CONTENTS.

NOTES: - Page
Whitefield and Kennington Common, by H. M. Bealby 367
Anachronisms, by Cuthbert Bede, B.A. 367
Cephas, a Binder, and not a Rock, by the Rev. Moses
Margoliouth 368
Epitaphs, &c. 368
The Rigby Correspondence, by James F. Ferguson 369
The Wandering Bee 370

MINOR NOTES: - Tippet - Ridings and Chaffings - Henry of
Huntingdon's "Letter to Walter" - Arthuriana - Encyclopedia
of Indexes, or Tables of Contents - Errata in Nichols'
"Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica" 370

QUERIES: -
Genesis iv. 7. 371
Roland the Brave 372
Clay Tobacco-pipes, by Henry T. Riley 372

MINOR QUERIES: - Cabinet: Sheffield, Earl of Mulgrave,
Marquis of Normanby, and Duke of Buckinghamshire -
Bersethrigumnue - Lady Jane Grey - Addison and Watts - Lord
Boteloust's Statue by Richard Hayware - Celtic in Devon -
Knobstick - Aristotle - The Passion of our Lord dramatised -
Ludwell: Lunsford: Kemp - Linnæan Medal - Lowth of Sawtrey:
Robert Eden - Gentile Names of the Jews - The Black Prince -
Maid of Orleans - Fawell Arms and Crest - "Had I met thee in
thy beauty" - Portrait of D. P. Tremesin - Edition of
"Othello" - Prospect House, Clerkenwell - Ancient Family of
Widderington - Value of Money in the Seventeenth Century 373

MINOR QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: - Ruin near St. Asaph, North
Wales - Wafers - Asgill on Translation to Heaven - Ancient
Custom at Coleshill 375

REPLIES: -
The Songs of Degrees 376
American Poems imputed to English Authors 377
"Feather in your Cap" 378
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Lord Fairfax, by T. Balch, &c. 379
"Consilium Defectorum Cardinalium," by Charles Hardwick, &c. 380

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but God disposes" - Roman Catholic Patriarchs - Classic
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"Vanitatem observare," &c. 383

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{367}

_LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1854._

Notes.

WHITEFIELD AND KENNINGTON COMMON.

Your correspondent the REV. W. SPARROW SIMPSON (Vol. ix., p. 295.) has
given some interesting little notes respecting the past history of
Kennington Common. Other notes might be added, and which should not be
overlooked in a record of events connected with a spot whose associations
and whose name are about to pass away for ever. After all, it is a
righteous act, a noble deed, a benevolent mission, that gives a kind of
immortality to a locality. It was here that the ever memorable George
Whitefield proclaimed in an earnest voice, and with an earnest look, the
gospel of Jesus Christ to multitudes of his fellow-creatures. He was
wonderfully endowed by God for his great work, and the evidence of his vast
success is to be found in the fact that immense numbers flocked from all
parts to listen to the tidings which he had to deliver. He had audiences on
Kennington Common amounting to ten, twenty and thirty thousand people,
great numbers of whom were savingly impressed by his message. He melted
their hearts, and sent them away, reflecting on the great problems of man's
history, and on the dignity and destiny of the human mind. Take the
following from his published diary, which is now scarce, and not much
known:

"Sunday, April 29, 1731. At five in the evening went and preached at
Kennington Common, about two miles from London, where upwards of 20,000
people were supposed to be present. The wind being for me, it carried
the voice to the extremest part of the audience. All stood attentive,
and joined in the Psalm and Lord's Prayer so regularly, that I scarce
ever preached with more quietness in any church. Many were much
affected."

"Sunday, May 6, 1731. At six in the evening preached at Kennington; but
such a sight I never saw before. Some supposed there were above 30,000
or 40,000 people, and near fourscore coaches, besides great numbers of
horses; and there was such an awful silence amongst them, and the Word
of God came with such power, that all seemed pleasingly surprised. I
continued my discourse for an hour and a half."

"Sunday, July 22, 1739. Went to St. Paul's and received the blessed
Sacrament, and preached in the evening at Kennington Common to about
30,000 hearers. God gave me great power."

"Friday, August 3, 1739. Having spent the day in completing my affairs
(about to embark for America), and taking leave of my dear friends, I
preached in the evening to near 20,000 at Kennington Common. I chose to
discourse on St. Paul's parting speech to the elders at Ephesus, at
which the people were exceedingly affected, and almost prevented my
making any application. Many tears were shed when I talked of leaving
them. I concluded all with a suitable hymn, but could scarce get to the
coach for the people thronging me, to take me by the hand, and give me
a parting blessing."

Let those who have a deep sympathy with the great and good, who have served
their age with exalted devotion and burning zeal, remember that on that
very spot which is now called Kennington Park, this extraordinary man
lifted up his powerful voice, and with commanding attitude, with the
tenderest affection, with persuasive tones, and with thrilling appeals,
proclaimed the "glorious gospel of the blessed God" to multitudes of the
human family. He preached as in the light, and on the borders of the
eternal world. It is such facts as these that will enhance in mind and
memory the interest of such a spot. The philosophy of Whitefield's life has
yet to be written.

H. M. BEALBY.

North Brixton.

* * * * *

ANACHRONISMS.

Mr. Thackeray makes another trip in the present (April) number of _The
Newcomes_. Clive writes a letter dated "May 1, 183 - ," which is at once
answered by Pendennis, who sends him "an extract from Bagham's article on
the Royal Academy," and Mr. Thackeray makes the critic ask, "Why have we no
picture of the _sovereign and her august consort_ from Smee's brush?" To
which it may be answered, "Because, even if the '183 - ' represents the time
of Victoria's reign, her Majesty did not take unto herself an 'august
consort' until Feb. 10, 1840." It may also be observed, that in all the
illustrations to Mr. Thackeray's delightful story, Mr. Doyle has clothed
the _dramatis personæ_ in the dresses of the present day. A notable example
of this occurs at p. 75., in his clever sketch of Mrs. Newcome's At Home,
"a small early party" given in the year 1833, the date being determined by
a very simple act of mental arithmetic, since the author informs us that
the colonel went to the party in the mufti-coat "sent him out by Messrs.
Stultz to India in the year 1821," and which he had "been in the habit of
considering a splendid coat for twelve years past." The anachronism on Mr.
Doyle's part is probably intentional. Indeed, he only follows the example
which Mr. Thackeray had justified in these words:

"It was the author's intention, faithful to history, to depict all the
characters of this tale in their proper costumes, as they wore them at
the commencement of the century. But, when I remember the appearance of
people in those days, and that an officer and lady were actually
habited like this [here follows one of Mr. Thackeray's graphic
sketches], I have not the heart to disfigure my heroes and heroines by
costumes so hideous; and have, on the contrary, engaged a {368} model
of rank dressed according to the present fashion." - _Vanity Fair_, note
to p. 55.

And, certainly, when one looks at a fashion-book published some twenty
years ago, one cannot feel surprised at Mr. Doyle, or any other man of
taste, preferring to commit an anachronism, rather than depict frights and
monstrosities.

CUTHBERT BEDE, B.A.

* * * * *

CEPHAS, A BINDER, AND NOT A ROCK.

Some of the multifarious readers of "N. & Q." may feel interested in the
suggestion of an original solution on Matt. xvi. 16-19. I submit it (not
presumptuously, but hopefully), that its examination and discussion, by
your learned readers, may throw more light upon my humble endeavour to
elucidate a passage which seems to have been darkened "by a multitude of
words."

The solution I propose is an extract from my MS. annotations on the Hebrew
Old Testament, and forms a portion of a note on Habakkuk ii. 11. It will be
desirable, for the readier comprehension of my exposition, to give the
original, with a literal translation, of the verse alluded to:

[Hebrew: KY 'BN MQYR TZ`Q]
[Hebrew: WKPYS M`TS Y`NNH:]
"For the [_Ebhen_] stone shall cry out of the wall,
And the [_Caphis_] fastening shall testify out of the timber."[1]

This verse has passed into a proverb amongst the Jews in every part of the
world. It is invariably quoted to express the impossibility of secrecy or
concealment; or to intimate the inevitable publicity of a certain fact. In
short, the proverb implies the same meaning which our Lord's answer to the
Pharisees expressed, viz., "If these should hold their peace, the stones
would immediately cry out" (Luke xix. 40.). I have myself heard the words
under note used as a proverb, in this manner, amongst the Jews of Europe,
Asia, and Africa. I am, moreover, inclined to believe that it was already
one of the national proverbs in the days of our Lord.

All this may appear irrelevant to the critical exposition of this verse;
but the consideration may help to clear up an apparently obscure passage in
the New Testament, namely, Matt. xvi. 16-19. When Simon made the
declaration in verse 16., "Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God,"


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Online LibraryVariousNotes and Queries, Number 234, April 22, 1854 → online text (page 1 of 6)