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{389}

NOTES AND QUERIES:

A MEDIUM OF INTER-COMMUNICATION FOR LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES,
GENEALOGISTS, ETC.

"When found, make a note of." - CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

* * * * *


No. 235.]
SATURDAY, APRIL 29. 1854.
[Price Fourpence. Stamped Edition 5d.

* * * * *


CONTENTS.

NOTES: - Page
Curious Old Pamphlet 391
Errata in Printed Bibles 391
Impossibilities of History 392
Unregistered Proverbs, by C. Mansfield Ingleby 392
Mr. Justice Talfourd, by H. M. Bealby and T. J. Buckton 393
The Screw Propeller 394
Ancient Chattel-Property in Ireland, by James F. Ferguson 394
Bishop Atterbury 395

MINOR NOTES: - "Milton Blind" - Hydropathy - Cassie - The Duke
of Wellington - Romford Jury - Edward Law (Lord Ellenborough),
Chief Justice - Chamisso - Dates of Maps - Walton - Whittington's
Stone on Highgate Hill - Turkey and France 395

QUERIES: -
A Female Aide-Major 397

MINOR QUERIES: - "Chintz Gowns" - "Noctes Ambrosianæ" - B.
Simmons - Green Stockings - Nicholas Kieten - Warwickshire
Badge - Armorial - Lord Brougham and Horne Tooke - Rileys
of Forest Hill - Fish "Lavidian" - "Poeta nascitur, non
fit" - John Wesley and the Duke of Wellington - Haviland -
Byron - Rutabaga - A Medal - The Black Cap - The Aboriginal
Britons 397

MINOR QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: - "Gossip" - Humphry Repton -
"Oriel" - "Orchard" - "Peckwater" - Richard III. - Binding of
old Books - Vessel of Paper 399

REPLIES: -
King James's Irish Army List, 1689, by John D'Alton 401
Quotations Wanted, by G. Taylor, &c. 402
Oaths, by James F. Ferguson, &c. 402
Remuneration of Authors, by Alexander Andrews 404
Occasional Forms of Prayer, by the Rev. W. Sparrow Simpson,
&c. 404

PHOTOGRAPHIC CORRESPONDENCE: -
Photographic Query - Improvement in Collodion - Printing
Positives - Photographic Excursions 406

REPLIES TO MINOR QUERIES: - "To Garble" - "Lyra Apostolica" -
John Bale, Bishop of Ossory - Burial in an erect Posture -
"Carronade" - "Largesse" - Precious Stones - "A Pinch of
Snuff" - Darwin on Steam - Gale of Rent - Cobb Family - "Aches"
- "Meols" - Polygamy - Wafers 407

MISCELLANEOUS: -
Notes on Books, &c. 410
Books and Odd Volumes Wanted 410
Notices to Correspondents 411

* * * * *


THE GARDENERS' CHRONICLE AND AGRICULTURAL GAZETTE.

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Spectator 2856
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Morning Post 2652
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Herapath's Journal 2066
John Bull 2020
Globe 1926
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* * * * *

The following are the Publications of the Society which have been issued
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I. PROMPTORIUM PARVULORUM: Tom. II. Edited by ALBERT WAY, Esq., M.A.,
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NOTES ON AQUATIC MICROSCOPIC SUBJECTS OF NATURAL HISTORY, selected from the
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Also, in 8vo., pp. 720, plates 24, price 21s., or coloured, 36s.,

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{390}

THE QUARTERLY REVIEW, No. CLXXXVIII., is published THIS DAY.

CONTENTS:
I. LAURENCE STERNE.
II. SACRED GEOGRAPHY.
III. THE WHIG PARTY.
IV. THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE.
V. CRIMINAL LAW DIGEST.
VI. THE TURKS AND THE GREEKS.
VII. TREASURES OF ART IN BRITAIN.
VIII. NEW REFORM BILL.

JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle Street.

* * * * *


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Vol. I., 8vo., pp. 436, cloth 10s. 6d., is also ready.

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* * * * *


NORTH BRITISH REVIEW. No. XLI. MAY. Price 6s.

CONTENTS.
I. THE PLURALITY OF WORLDS.
II. BRITISH AND CONTINENTAL CHARACTERISTICS.
III. THE UNION WITH ENGLAND AND SCOTTISH NATIONALITY.
IV. CHRISTIANITY IN THE SECOND CENTURY, AND THE CHRISTIAN EVIDENCES.
V. THE ART OF EDUCATION.
VI. RUSKIN AND ARCHITECTURE, PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE.
VII. PROFESSOR FORBES AND MR. LLOYD IN SCANDINAVIA.
VIII. AUGUSTE COMTE AND POSITIVISM.

Edinburgh: W. P. KENNEDY. London: HAMILTON, ADAMS, & CO. Dublin: J.
McGLASHAN.

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THE HISTORY OF EUROPE, from the Fall of Napoleon to the Accession of Louis
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WILLIAM BLACKWOOD & SONS, Edinburgh and London.

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This Day is published, a Second Edition of Vols. I. and II. of

LIVES OF THE QUEENS OF SCOTLAND, AND ENGLISH PRINCESSES connected with the
Regal Succession of Great Britain. By AGNES STRICKLAND.

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EDITION OF GOLDSMITH'S WORKS, and is now published; and the Fourth Volume,
completing the Work, will be ready early in May.

ALBEMARLE STREET,
_April 29th, 1854_.

* * * * *


RECENT PUBLICATIONS OF THE CAMBRIDGE ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY.

QUARTO SERIES.

Evangelia Augustini Gregoriana. By the REV. J. GOODWIN, B.D. 20s.

An Historical Inquiry touching St. Catherine of Alexandria, illustrated by
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OCTAVO SERIES.

I. Anglo-Saxon Legends of St. Andrew and St. Veronica. By C. W. GOODWIN,
M.A. 3s. 6d.

II. Græco-Egyptian Fragment on Magic. By C. W. GOODWIN, M.A. 3s. 6d.

III. Ancient Cambridgeshire. By C. C. BABINGTON, M.A. 3s. 6d.

Reports and Communications, Nos. I. and II. 1s. each.

Index to Baker Manuscripts. 7s. 6d.

J. DEIGHTON: MACMILLAN & CO., Cambridge.

JOHN W. PARKER & SON, and GEORGE BELL, London.

* * * * *


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LOCKE'S PHILOSOPHICAL WORKS, containing the "Essay on the Human
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ADDISON'S WORKS, with the Notes of BISHOP HURD. With Portrait and
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THEODORET AND EVAGRIUS. Histories of the Church, from A.D. 322 to A.D. 427,
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* * * * *


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DESCRIPTIVE AND HISTORICAL NOTICES of NORTHUMBRIAN CASTLES, CHURCHES, and
ANTIQUITIES. By WILLIAM SIDNEY GIBSON, Esq., F.S.A. - THIRD SERIES:
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London: LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, & LONGMANS.

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ALLSOPP'S PALE or BITTER ALE. MESSRS. S. ALLSOPP & SONS beg to inform the
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LONDON, at 61. King William Street, City.
LIVERPOOL, at Cook Street.
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SOUTH WALES, at 13. King Street, Bristol.

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When in bottle, the genuineness of the label can be ascertained by its
having "ALLSOPP & SONS" written across it.

* * * * *


{391}

_LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 23, 1854._

Notes.

CURIOUS OLD PAMPHLET.

Grubbing among old pamphlets, the following has turned up:

"A Fragment of an Essay towards the most ancient Histories of the Old
and New Worlds, connected. Intended to be carried on in four Parts or
Æras. That is, from the Creation of all Things to the Time of the
Deluge: thence to the Birth of Abraham: from that Period to the Descent
of Jacob and his Family into Egypt: and, lastly, to the Time of the
Birth of Moses. Attempted to be executed in Blank Verse, 8vo. pp. 59.
Printed in the year 1765."

This Miltonic rhapsody supposes Adam, when verging on his nine hundreth
year, to have assembled his descendants to a kind of jubilee, when
sacrifices, and other antediluvian solemnities, being observed, "Seth, the
pious son of his comfort, gravely arose, and, after due obedience to the
first of men, humbly beseeched the favour to have their memories refreshed
by a short history of the marvellous things in the beginning." Then Adam
thus: - Hereupon the anonymous author puts into the mouth of the great
progenitor of the human race a history of the Creation, in blank verse, in
accordance with the Mosaic and orthodox account. Concluding his revelations
without reference to the Fall, Seth would interrogate their aged sire upon
what followed thence, when Adam excuses himself from the painful recital by
predicting the special advent in after times of a mind equal to that task:

"But of this Fall, this heart-felt, deep-felt lapse,
This Paradise thus lost, no mortal man
Shall sing which lives on earth.
Far distant hence
In farther distant times, fair Liberty
Shall reign, queen of the Seas, and lady of
The Isles; nay, sovereign of the world's repose.
And Peace!
In her a mighty genius shall
Arise, of high ethereal mould, great in
Renown, sublime, superior far to praise
Of sublunary man - or Fame herself.
Though blind to all things here on earth below,
The heav'ns of heav'ns themselves shall he explore,
And soar on high with strong, with outstretched wings!
There sing of marvels not to be conceived,
Express'd, or thought by any but himself!"

This curious production is avowedly from the other side of the Tweed, and I
would ask if its paternity is known to any of your antiquarian
correspondents there or here.

The Fragment is preceded by a very remarkable Preface, containing "some
reasons why this little piece has thus been thrown off in such a loose and
disorderly manner;" among which figure the desire "to disperse a parcel of
them gratis, - because they are, perhaps, worth nothing; that nobody may pay
for his folly but himself; that, if his Fragment is damned, which it
probably may be, he will thenceforth drop any farther correspondence with
Adam, Noah, Abraham, &c.; and, lastly, that he may be benefited by the
criticisms upon its faults and failings, while he himself lurks cunningly
behind the curtain. But if, after all," says the facetious author, "this
little northern urchin shall chance to spring forward under the influence
of a more southern and warmer sun, the author will then endeavour to bring
his goods to market as plump, fresh, and fair as the soil will admit."

I presume, however, the public did not call for any of the farther
instalments promised in the title.

J. O.

* * * * *

ERRATA IN PRINTED BIBLES.

Mr. D'Israeli, in his _Curiosities of Literature_, has an article entitled
"The Pearl Bibles and Six Thousand Errata," in which he gives some notable
specimens of the blunders perpetrated in the printing of Bibles in earlier
times. The great demand for them prompted unscrupulous persons to supply it
without much regard to carefulness or accuracy; and, besides, printers were
not so expert as at the present day.

"The learned Ussher," Mr. D'Israeli tells us, "one day hastening to
preach at Paul's Cross, entered the shop of one of the stationers, as
booksellers were then called, and inquiring for a Bible of the London
edition, when he came to look for his text, to his astonishment and his
horror he discovered that the verse was omitted in the Bible! This gave
the first occasion of complaint to the king, of the insufferable
negligence and incapacity of the London press; and first bred that
great contest which followed between the University of Cambridge and
the London stationers, about the right of printing Bibles."

Even during the reign of Charles I., and in the time of the Commonwealth,
the manufacture of spurious Bibles was carried on to an alarming extent.
English Bibles were fabricated in Holland for cheapness, without any regard
to accuracy. Twelve thousand of these (12mo.) Bibles, with notes, were
seized by the King's printers as being contrary to the statute; and a large
impression of these Dutch-English Bibles were burned, by order of the
Assembly of Divines, for certain errors. The Pearl (24mo.) Bible, printed
by Field, in 1653, contains some scandalous blunders; - for instance,
Romans, vi. 13.: "Neither yield ye your members as instruments of
_righteousness_ unto sin" - for _unrighteousness_. 1 Cor. vi. 9.: "Know ye
not that {392} the unrighteous _shall inherit_ the kingdom of God?" - for
_shall not inherit_.

The printer of Miles Coverdale's Bible, which was finished in 1535, and of
which only two perfect copies, I believe, are known to exist - one in the
British Museum, the other in the library of the Earl of Jersey - deserves
some commendation for his accuracy. At the end of the New Testament is the
following solitary erratum:

"A faute escaped in pryntyng the New Testament. Upon the fourth leafe,
the first syde in the sixth chapter of S. Mathew, 'Seke ye first the
kingdome of heaven,' read, 'Seke ye first the kingdome of God.'"

ABHBA.

* * * * *

IMPOSSIBILITIES OF HISTORY.

"That unworthy hand."

I am not aware that the fact of Cranmer's holding his right hand in the
flames till it was consumed has been questioned. Fox says:

"He stretched forth his right hand into the flames, and there held it
so stedfast that all the people might see it burnt to a coal before his
body was touched." - P. 927. ed. Milner, London, 1837, 8vo.

Or, as the passage is given in the last edition, -

"And when the wood was kindled, and the fire began to burn near him, he
put his right hand into the flame, which he held so stedfast and
immovable (saving that once with the same hand he wiped his face), that
all men might see his hand burned before his body was touched." - _Acts
and Monuments_, ed. 1839, vol. viii. p. 90.

Burnet is more circumstantial:

"When he came to the stake he prayed, and then undressed himself: and
being tied to it, as the fire was kindling, he stretched forth his
right hand towards the flame, never moving it, save that once he wiped
his face with it, till it was burnt away, which was consumed before the
fire reached his body. He expressed no disorder from the pain he was
in; sometimes saying, 'That unworthy hand;' and oft crying out, 'Lord
Jesus, receive my spirit.' He was soon after quite burnt." - _Hist. of
the Reformation_, vol. iii. p. 429., ed. 1825.

Hume says:

"He stretched out his hand, and, without betraying either by his
countenance or motions the least sign of weakness, or even feeling, he
held it in the flames till it was entirely consumed." - Hume, vol. iv.
p. 476.

It is probable that Hume believed this, for while Burnet states positively
as a fact, though only inferentially as a miracle, that "the heart was
found entire and unconsumed among the ashes," Hume says, "it was pretended
that his heart," &c.

I am not about to discuss the character of Cranmer: a timid man might have
been roused under such circumstances into attempting to do what it is said


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Online LibraryVariousNotes and Queries, Number 235, April 29, 1854 → online text (page 1 of 6)