Various.

Notes and Queries, Number 241, June 10, 1854 online

. (page 1 of 6)
Online LibraryVariousNotes and Queries, Number 241, June 10, 1854 → online text (page 1 of 6)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


NOTES AND QUERIES ***




Produced by Charlene Taylor, Jonathan Ingram, Keith Edkins
and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at
http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from images
generously made available by The Internet Archive/Canadian
Libraries)





{533}

NOTES AND QUERIES:

A MEDIUM OF INTER-COMMUNICATION FOR LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES,
GENEALOGISTS, ETC.

"When found, make a note of." - CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

* * * * *


No. 241.]
SATURDAY, JUNE 10. 1854
[Price Fourpence. Stamped Edition 5d.

* * * * *


CONTENTS.

NOTES: - Page

Stone Pillar Worship 535

Somersetshire Folk Lore 536

Irish Records, by James F. Ferguson 536

Derivation of Curious Botanic Names, and Ancient Italian
Kalydor, by Dr. Hughes Fraser Halle 537

MINOR NOTES: - Forensic Jocularities - Ridley's University -
Marvellous, if true - Progress of the War - Hatherleigh
Moor, Devonshire - Cromwellian Gloves - Restall 538

QUERIES: -

Sepulchral Monuments 539

"Es Tu Scolaris" 540

On a Digest of Critical Readings in Shakespeare,
by J. O. Halliwell 540

MINOR QUERIES: - "Original Poems" - A Bristol Compliment -
French or Flemish Arms - Precedence - "[Greek: Sphidê]" -
Print of the Dublin Volunteers - John Ogden - Columbarium
in a Church Tower - George Herbert - Apparition which
preceded the Fire of London - Holy Thursday
Rain-water - Freemasonry 541

MINOR QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: - Lewis's "Memoirs of the Duke
of Gloucester" - Apocryphal Works - Mirabeau, Talleyrand,
and Fouché - "The Turks in Europe," and "Austria as It
Is" - "Forgive, blest Shade" - "Off with his head,"
&c. - "Peter Wilkins" - The Barmecides' Feast - Captain 542

REPLIES: -

Coleridge's unpublished Manuscripts, by Joseph Henry Green 543

King James's Irish Army List, 1689 544

Barrell's Regiment 545

Clay Tobacco-pipes, by W. J. Bernhard Smith 546

Madame de Staël 546

Cranmer's Martyrdom 547

PHOTOGRAPHIC CORRESPONDENCE: - Difficulties in making
soluble Cotton - Light in Cameras - Cameras - Progress of
Photography - A Collodion Difficulty - Ferricyanide
of Potassium 548

REPLIES TO MINOR QUERIES: - Postage System of the
Romans - Epigram on the Feuds between Handel and
Bononcini - Power of prophesying before Death - King
John - Demoniacal Descent of the Plantagenets - Burial
Service Tradition - Paintings of our Saviour - Widdrington
Family - Mathew, a Cornish Family - "[Greek: Pistis],"
unde deriv. - Author of "The Whole Duty of Man" -
Table-turning - Pedigree to the Time of Alfred - Quotation
wanted - "Hic locus odit, amat" - Writings of the Martyr
Bradford - Latin Inscription on Lindsey Court-house - Blanco
White's Sonnet - "Wise men labour," &c. - Copernicus - Meals,
Meols - Byron and Rochefoucauld - Robert Eden - Dates of
Maps - Miss Elstob - Corporation Enactments, &c. 549

MISCELLANEOUS: -

Notes on Books, &c. 554

Books and Odd Volumes Wanted 554

Notices to Correspondents 555

* * * * *


Multæ terricolis linguæ, coelestibus una.

SAMUEL BAGSTER AND SONS'

[Illustration]

GENERAL CATALOGUE is sent Free by Post. It contains Lists of Quarto Family
Bibles; Ancient English Translations; Manuscript-notes Bibles; Polyglot
Bibles in every variety of Size and Combination of Language;
Parallel-passages Bibles; Greek Critical and other Testaments; Polyglot
Books of Common Prayer; Psalms in English, Hebrew, and many other
Languages, in great variety; Aids to the Study of the Old Testament and of
the New Testament; and Miscellaneous Biblical and other Works. By Post
Free.

London: SAMUEL BAGSTER & SONS, 15. Paternoster Row.

[Greek: Pollai men thnêtois Glôttai, mia d'Athanatoisin]

* * * * *


THE ORIGINAL QUADRILLES, composed for the PIANO FORTE by MRS. AMBROSE
MERTON.

London: Published for the Proprietors and may be had of C. LONSDALE, 26.
Old Bond Street; and by Order of all Music Sellers.

PRICE THREE SHILLINGS.

* * * * *


THE ASTLEY COOPER PRIZE ESSAY FOR 1853.

This Day, 8vo., with 64 Illustrations, 15s.

ON THE STRUCTURE AND USE OF THE SPLEEN. By HENRY GREY, F.R.S., Demonstrator
of Anatomy at St. George's Hospital.

London: JOHN W. PARKER & SON, West Strand.

* * * * *


Just published, in fcap. 8vo., price 7s. 6d. cloth.

THE BOOK OF PSALMS IN ENGLISH VERSE, and in Measures suited for Sacred
Music. By EDWARD CHURTON, M.A., Archdeacon of Cleveland.

JOHN HENRY PARKER, Oxford and London.

* * * * *


Just published, in fcap. 8vo., price 6s. cloth.

THE WESTERN WORLD REVISITED. By the REV. HENRY CASWALL, M.A., Vicar of
Figheldean; Author of "America and the American Church," "Scotland and the
Scottish Church," &c.

JOHN HENRY PARKER, Oxford and London.

* * * * *


In 64mo., price, bound and clasped, 1s. 6d.

THE SERMON in the MOUNT. Printed by C Whittingham, uniformly with THE THUMB
BIBLE from the Edition of 1693 - which may still be had, price 1s. 6d.

London: LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, & LONGMANS.

* * * * *


AMERICAN BOOKS. - LOW, SON, & CO., as the Importers and Publishers of
American Books in this Country, have recently issued a detailed Catalogue
of their Stock in Theology, History, Travels, Biography, Practical Science,
Fiction, &c., a Copy of which will be forwarded upon application.

By arrangements with the American Publishers, all Works of known or
anticipated interest will in future be published by LOW SON, & CO.,
simultaneously with their appearance in America. Works not in the stock
obtained within six weeks of order. Lists of Importations forwarded
regularly when desired.

Literary Institutions, the Clergy, Merchants and Shippers, and the Trade,
supplied on advantageous terms.

Small enclosures taken for weekly case to the United States at a moderate
charge.

* * * * *


TO LITERARY MEN, PUBLISHERS, AND OTHERS.

MESSRS. HOPPER CO., _Record Agents, &c._, beg to inform the Literary World,
that they continue to undertake Searches among, and Transcripts from, the
Public Records in the British Museum, or other Collections. Ancient MSS.
deciphered. Translations from the Norman-French, Law-Latin, and other
Documents carefully executed. Genealogies traced, and Wills consulted.

*** MSS. bought, sold, or valued.

4. SOUTHAMPTON STREET, CAMDEN TOWN.

* * * * *


This Day, in One Large Volume, super-royal 8vo., price 2l. 12s. 6d. cloth
lettered.

CYCLOPÆDIA BIBLIOGRAPHICA: a Library Manual of Theological and General
Literature, and Guide to Books for Authors, Preachers, Students and
Literary Men, Analytical, Bibliographical, and Biographical. By JAMES
DARLING.

A PROSPECTUS, with Specimens and Critical Notices, sent Free on Receipt of
a Postage Stamp.

London: JAMES DARLING, 81. Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields.

* * * * *


Now ready, No. VII. (for May), price 2s. 6d., published Quarterly.

RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW (New Series); consisting of Criticisms upon, Analyses
of, and Extracts from, Curious, Useful, Valuable, and Scarce Old Books.

Vol. I., 8vo., pp. 436, cloth 10s. 6d., is also ready.

JOHN RUSSELL SMITH, 36. Soho Square, London.

* * * * *


LONGFELLOW, THE POET. - There is a sweet song by this admired writer just
now much inquired after. It is called "EXCELSIOR." This really sublime
effusion of the poet is charmingly wedded to music by MISS M. LINDSAY. It
is particularly a song for the refined evening circle, and is adorned with
a capital illustration. It is among the recent publications of the MESSRS.
ROBERT COCKS & CO., Her Majesty's Music Publishers, of New Burlington
Street. - See _The Observer_, May 28, 1854.

* * * * *


{534}

THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE and HISTORICAL REVIEW for JUNE, contains the
following articles: - 1. Leaves from a Russian Parterre. 2. History of Latin
Christianity. 3. Our Lady of Montserrat. 4. Memorials of Amelia Opie. 5.
Mansion of the Dennis Family at Pucklechurch, with an Illustration. 6. The
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Correspondence of Sylvanus Urban: A Plea
for the threatened City Churches - The British Museum Library - The late
Master of Sherburn Hospital - Original Letter and Anecdotes of Admiral
Vernon, &c. With Notes of the Month, Historical and Miscellaneous Reviews,
Reports of Antiquarian and Literary Societies, Historical Chronicle, and
OBITUARY, including Memoirs of the Duke of Parma, the Marquis of Anglesey,
the Earl of Lichfield, Lord Colborne, Lord Cockburn, John Davies Gilbert,
Esq., T. P. Halsey, Esq., Alderman Thompson, Alderman Hooper, Dr. Wardlaw,
Dr. Collyer, Professors Jameson and Wilson, Montgomery the Poet, &c. &c.
Price 2s. 6d.

NICHOLS & SONS, 25. Parliament Street.

* * * * *


This Day is published, price 1s.

CONSECRATION _versus_ DESECRATION. - An APPEAL to the LORD BISHOP of LONDON
against the BILL for the DESTRUCTION of CITY CHURCHES and the SALE of
BURIAL GROUNDS.

"I hate robbery for burnt-offering."
Isaiah lxi. 8.

J. B. NICHOLS & SONS, 25. Parliament Street; J. H. PARKER, Oxford and
London; G. BELL, Fleet Street.

* * * * *


OVER THE WAVES WE FLOAT. Duet by STEPHEN GLOVER, Author of "What are the
Wild Waves Saying?" Words by J. E. CARPENTER, ESQ. 2s. 6d.

"We cordially recommend it. There is a rich strain of harmony flowing
through the whole of it. It is within easy compass of voice," &c.
&c. - See the _Sheffield Independent_, May 27, 1854.

London: ROBERT COCKS & CO., New Burlington Street, Music Publishers to the
Queen.

* * * * *


This Day, fcp. 8vo., 5s.

SYNONYMS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: being the Substance of a Course of Lectures
addressed to the Theological Students, King's College, London. By RICHARD
CHENEVIX TRENCH, B. D., Professor of Divinity, King's College, and
Examining Chaplain to the Lord Bishop of Oxford.

Cambridge: MACMILLAN & CO.
London: JOHN W. PARKER & SON,
West Strand.

* * * * *


Just published, with ten coloured Engravings, price 5s.,

NOTES ON AQUATIC MICROSCOPIC SUBJECTS OF NATURAL HISTORY, selected from the
"Microscopic Cabinet." By ANDREW PRITCHARD, M.R.I.

Also, in 8vo., pp. 720, plates 24, price 21s., or coloured, 36s.,

A HISTORY OF INFUSORIAL ANIMALCULES, Living and Fossil, containing
Descriptions of every species, British and Foreign, the methods of
procuring and viewing them, &c., illustrated by numerous Engravings. By
ANDREW PRITCHARD, M.R.I.

"There is no work extant in which so much valuable information concerning
Infusoria (Animalcules) can be found, and every Microscopist should add it
to his library." - _Silliman's Journal._

London: WHITTAKER & CO., Ave Maria Lane.

* * * * *


GLASGOW CATHEDRAL.

Will be published on or about 15th June, with Plan and Historical Notice,

FOUR VIEWS OF THE CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF GLASGOW, drawn on Stone from Original
Sketches, and printed in the first style of Chromolithography by MESSRS. N.
J. HOLMES & CO., Glasgow. Complete in Ornamental Wrapper, price One Guinea.

London: MESSRS. HERING & REMINGTON, Regent Street.

Glasgow: N. J. HOLMES & CO., Cochran Street; MORISON & KYLE, Queen Street.

* * * * *


DR. VAN OVEN. - On The Decline of Life in Health and Disease. Being an
attempt to investigate the Causes of Longevity and the best Means of
attaining a healthful Old Age. Cloth, 8vo., 10s. 6d.

"Old and young, the healthy and the invalid, may alike obtain useful
practical hints from Dr. Van Oven's book. His advice and observations
are marked by much experience and good sense." - _Literary Gazette._

"Good sense is the pervading characteristic of the
volume." - _Spectator._

JOHN CHURCHILL, Princes Street, Soho.

* * * * *


HER MAJESTY'S CONCERT ROOMS, HANOVER SQUARE.

THE ROYAL SOCIETY

OF

FEMALE MUSICIANS,

_Established 1839, for the Relief of its distressed Members._

_Patroness_: Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen. _Vice-Patronesses_: Her
Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent, Her Royal Highness the Duchess of
Cambridge.

On WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 14, 1854, will be performed, for the Benefit of
this Institution, A MISCELLANEOUS CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music.

_Vocal Performers_ - Miss Birch, Miss Dolby, Miss Pyne, Miss Helen Taylor,
Mrs. Noble, and Miss Louisa Pyne. Madame Persiani, Madame Caradori, Madame
Therese Tanda, and Madame Clara Novello. Signor Gardoni, Mr. H. R. Allen,
Mr. Lawler, and Signor Belletti.

In the Course of the Concert, the Gentlemen of the Abbey Glee Club will
sing two favourite Glees.

_Instrumentalists_ - Pianoforte, M. Emile Prudent; Violin, M. Remenyi;
Violoncello, M. Van Gelder, Solo Violoncellist to His Majesty the King of
Holland.

THE BAND will be complete in every Department. - _Conductor_, Mr. W.
Sterndale Bennett.

The Doors will be opened at Seven o'Clock, and the Concert will commence at
Eight precisely.

Tickets, Half-a-Guinea each. Reserved Seats, One Guinea each. An Honorary
Subscriber of One Guinea annually, or of Ten Guineas at One Payment (which
shall be considered a Life Subscription), will be entitled to Two Tickets
of Admission, or One for a Reserved Seat, to every Benefit Concert given by
the Society. Donation and Subscriptions will be thankfully received, and
Tickets delivered, by the Secretary,

MR. J. W. HOLLAND, 13. Macclesfield St., Soho; and at all the Principal
Music-sellers.

* * * * *


CHUBB'S LOCKS, with all the recent improvements. Strong fire-proof safes,
cash and deed boxes. Complete lists of sizes and prices may be had on
application.

CHUBB & SON, 57. St. Paul's Churchyard, London; 28. Lord Street, Liverpool;
16. Market Street, Manchester; and Horseley Fields, Wolverhampton.

* * * * *


Library of the late JOHN HOLMES, Esq., of the British Museum, Framed
Engravings, &c.

PUTTICK AND SIMPSON, Auctioneers of Literary Property, will SELL by
AUCTION, at their Great Room, 191. Piccadilly, on THURSDAY, June 15, the
LIBRARY of the late JOHN HOLMES, Esq., of the Manuscript Department of the
British Museum, consisting chiefly of modern useful Books in various
Classes of Literature, Books of Reference, privately printed Books, &c.;
also several framed Engravings, including the popular Works of Sir D.
Wilkie, engraved by Raimbach and Burnet; others by Sir R. Strange,
Woollett, Raphael Morghen, &c.; Stothard's Canterbury Pilgrimage, proof;
and other Engravings, and inclosed Print Case, &c.

Catalogues may now be had, or will be sent on Receipt of Two Stamps.

* * * * *


AN EXCEEDINGLY INTERESTING AND RARE COLLECTION OF EARLY ENGLISH POETRY.

MESSRS. S. LEIGH SOTHEBY & JOHN WILKINSON, Auctioneers of Literary Property
and Works illustrative of the Fine Arts, will SELL by AUCTION, at their
House, 3. Wellington Street, Strand, on THURSDAY, June 29, and following
Day, at 1 precisely, a very valuable and important COLLECTION OF EARLY
ENGLISH POETRY, more particularly of the reigns of Elizabeth, James I., and
Charles I., from the extensive library of an eminent collector, deceased;
including many volumes of the greatest rarity and interest, obtained from
the principal sales during the last 40 years. - May be viewed two days
previously, and Catalogues had; if in the Country, on Receipt of Six
Postage Stamps.

* * * * *


THE PRINCIPAL PORTION of the very VALUABLE, IMPORTANT, and exceedingly
CHOICE LIBRARY of J. D. GARDNER, Esq., extending over Eleven Days'
Sale.

MESSRS. S. LEIGH SOTHEBY & JOHN WILKINSON, Auctioneers of Literary Property
and Works illustrative of the Fine Arts, will SELL by AUCTION, at their
House, 3. Wellington Street, Strand, on THURSDAY, July 6, and Ten following
Days, at 1 precisely each Day, the principal PORTION of the very valuable
and choice LIBRARY of J. D. GARDNER, ESQ., of Chatteris, Cambridgeshire,
removed from his late Residence, Bottisham Hall, near Newmarket. The
Collection comprises several of the first and very rare editions of the
Classics, forming beautiful specimens of the typography of the 15th
Century; a very extensive assemblage of the early typographical productions
of this country, comprising beautiful specimens from the presses of Caxton,
Maclinia, Pynson, Wynkyn de Worde, and others, including a most beautiful
copy of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, printed by Wynkyn de Worde; a rare
assemblage of the very early editions of the Scriptures in English,
including a remarkably fine copy of the first edition, usually termed
Coverdale's Bible, complete with the exception of two leaves, which are
admirably supplied in fac-simile by Harris, and may be considered as
unique, it having the original Map of the Holy Land complete. Among other
versions of the Scripture may be mentioned the first edition of the New
Testament, by Tyndale. The Library is also rich in early English theology,
history, and particularly so in the poetry of the Elizabethan period,
including many of the rarest volumes that have occurred for sale in the
Heber, Jolley, Utterson, and other collections. Also the first four folio
editions of the Works of Shakspeare, the copy of the first edition being
from the library of John Wilks, Esq., the finest copy ever sold by public
auction. Among other important and valuable Works in the collection, may be
mentioned a remarkably choice and very complete collection of the Works of
De Bry. Early Italian poetry and general Italian literature form a feature
of the collection, many of them being first editions and of considerable
rarity. There are also many other valuable books in general literature,
history, and topography.

Catalogues are now ready, and may be had on application; if in the Country,
on the Receipt of Twelve Postage Stamps.

* * * * *


{535}

_LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 1854._

* * * * *

Notes.

STONE PILLAR WORSHIP.

In Vol. v., p. 121. of "N. & Q.," there is an interesting note on this
subject by SIR J. EMERSON TENNENT, which he concludes by observing that "it
would be an object of curious inquiry, if your correspondents could
ascertain whether this (the superstitious veneration of the Irish people
for such stones) be the last remnant of pillar worship now remaining in
Europe." I am able to assure him that it is not. The province of Brittany,
in France, is thickly studded with stone pillars, and the history and
manners of its people teem with interesting and very curious traces of the
worship of them. In fact, Brittany and Breton antiquities must form the
principal field of study for any one who would investigate or treat the
subject exhaustively.

A list of the principal of these pillars still remaining may be found in
the note at p. 77. of the first vol. of Manet's _Histoire de la Petite
Bretagne_: St. Malo, 1834. But abundant notices of them will be met with in
any of the numerous works on the antiquities and topography of the
province. They are there known as "Menhirs," from the Celtic _maen_, stone,
and _hirr_, long; or "Peulvans," from _peul_, pillar, and _maen_ (changed
in composition into _vaen_), stone. See _Essai sur les Antiquités du
Département du Morbihan_, par J. Mahé, Vannes, 1825, where much curious
information on the subject may be found. This writer, as well as the
Chevalier de Freminville, in his _Monuments du Morbihan_, Brest, 1834, p.
16., thinks that these menhirs, so abundant throughout Brittany, may be
distinguished into three classes: 1. Those intended as sepulchral
monuments; 2. Those erected as memorials of some great battle, or other
such national event; and 3. Those intended to represent the Deity, and
which were objects of worship. I have little doubt that these gentlemen are
correct in the conclusions at which they have arrived in this respect. But
it is curious to find both of them - men unquestionably of learning, and of
widely extended and varied reading - considering the poems of Ossian as
indisputably authentic, and quoting from them largely as from unquestioned
documents of historic value.

The largest "menhir" known to be in existence - if, indeed, it can still be
said to be so - is that of Locmariaker, a commune of the department of
Morbihan, a little to the south of Vannes. This vast stone, before it was
thrown down and broken into four pieces - its present condition - was
fifty-eight French feet in length. Its form, when entire, was that of a
double cone, so that its largest diameter was at about the middle of its
length. It has been calculated to weigh more than four hundred thousand
French pounds. In its immediate neighbourhood is a very large specimen of
the "Dolmens" or druidical altars on which victims were sacrificed.

As to the question when the worship of these stones ceased, my own
observations of the manners and habits of the people there, some fifteen
years since, would lead me to say that it had not then ceased. No doubt
such an assertion would be indignantly repelled by the clergy, and perhaps
by many of the peasantry themselves. The question, however, if gone into,
would become a subtle one, turning on another, as to what is to be deemed
_worship_. And we all know that the tendency of unspiritual minds to
idolatry has led the priesthood of Rome to institute verbal distinctions on
this point, which open the door to very much that a plain unbiassed man
must deem rank polytheism. My knowledge of the people in Italy enables me
to affirm, with the most perfect certainty, that not only the peasantry
very generally, but many persons much above that rank, do, to all intents
and purposes, and in the fullest sense of the word, _worship_ the Madonna,
and believe that there are several separate and wholly distinct persons of
that name. And that this worship is often as wholly Pagan in its nature as
in its object, is curiously proved by the fact, which brings us back again
to Brittany, that in many instances in that province we find chapels
dedicated to "Notre Dame de la Joye," and "Notre Dame de Liesse," which are
all built on spots where, as M. de Freminville says in his _Antiquités du
Finisterre_, p. 106., "the Celts worshipped a divinity which united the
attributes of Cybele and Venus." And Souvestre, in his _Derniers Bretons_,
vol. i. p. 264., tells us that there still exists near the town of
Tréguier, a chapel dedicated to Notre Dame de la Haine; that it would be a
mistake to suppose that the people have ceased to believe in a deity of
hate, and that persons may still be seen skulking thither to pray for the
gratification of their hatred.

SIR J. EMERSON TENNENT quotes a passage from Borlase, in which he says,
speaking of this stone-worship among the Cornish, a people of near kin to
the Armorican Bretons, that it might be traced by the prohibitions of
councils through the fifth and sixth, and even into the seventh century. I
find a council, held at Nantes in 658, ordering that the stones worshipped
by the people shall be removed and put away in places where their
worshippers cannot find them again; a precaution which the history of some
of these stones in Brittany shows to have been by no means superfluous. But
the usage may be traced by edicts seeking to restrain it to a later period


1 3 4 5 6

Online LibraryVariousNotes and Queries, Number 241, June 10, 1854 → online text (page 1 of 6)