Notes and Queries, Number 49, October 5, 1850 online

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"When found, make a note of." - CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

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No. 49.] SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1850 [Price Threepence. Stamped Edition 4d.

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NOTES: - Page
Stray Notes on Cunningham's London. 289
Satirical Song upon Villiers Duke of Buckingham, by Dr. Rimbault. 291
Baker's Notes on Author of "Whole Duty of Man," by Rev. J.E.B. Mayor. 292
Mistake about George Wither, by Dr. Rimbault. 293
Useful _v._ Useless Learning. 293
Minor Notes: - Numerals - Junius and Sir P. Francis - Jews under the
Commonwealth - "Is any thing but," &c. - Fastitocalon. 294

Bishop Cosin's Conference. 295
Engleman's "Bibliotheca Scriptorum Classicorum," by Professor De
Morgan. 296
Minor Queries: - Portrait of Sir P. Sidney - Confession - Scotch
Prisoners at Worcester - Adamson's Edward II. - Sir Thomas
Moore - Dr. E. Cleaver - Gwyan's London - Coronet - Cinderella - Judas'
Bell - Dozen of Bread - Kings Skuggsia - Coins of
Gandophares - Satirical Medals. 296

Gaudentio di Lucca. 298
On a Passage in the Tempest, by J. Payne Collier. 299
Gray's Elegy. 300
Bishops and their Precedence. 301
Replies to Minor Queries: - Leicester and the reputed Poisoners of
his Time - What is the correct Prefix of Mayors - Marks of Cadency. 302

Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c. 303
Books and Odd Volumes Wanted. 303
Notices to Correspondents. 303
Advertisments. 304

* * * * *



The following notes are so trivial, that I should have scrupled to send
them on any other ground than that so well-conceived and
labouriously-executed a work should have its most minute and unimportant
details as correct as possible. This, in such a work, can only be
effected by each reader pointing out the circumstances that he has
reason to believe are not quite correctly or completely given in it.

Page 24. _Astronomical Society._ - The library has been recently
augmented by the incorporation with it of the books and documents (as
well as the members) of the _Mathematical Society of London_
(Spitalfields). It contains the most complete collection of the English
mathematical works of the last century known to exist. A friend, who has
examined them with some care, specifies particularly some of the tracts
published in the controversy raised by Bishop Berkeley respecting "the
ghosts of departed quantities," of which he did before know the

The instruments to which Mr. Cunningham refers as bequeathed to the
Society, are not used there, nor yet allowed to lie unused. They are
placed in the care of active practical observers, according as the
special character of the instruments and the special subjects to which
each observer more immediately devotes his attention, shall render the
assignment of the instrument expedient. The instruments, however, still
remain the property of the Society.

P. 37. _Bath House._ - Date omitted.

P. 143. - Evan's Hotel, Covent Garden, is described as having been once
the residence of "James West, the great collector of books, &c., and
_President of the Royal Society_." There has certainly never been a
President, or even a Secretary, of that name. However, it is just
possible that there might have been a Vice-president so named (as these
are chosen by the President from the members of the council, and the
council has not always been composed of men of science): but even this
is somewhat doubtful.

P. 143. _Covent Garden Theatre._ - No future account of this theatre will
be complete without the facts connected with the ill-starred Delafield;
just as, into the Olympic, the history of the defaulter Watts, of the
Globe Assurance Office, must also enter.

P. 143. near top of col. 2. "Heigho! says Kemble." - Before this period,
a variation of the _rigmarole_ upon which this is founded had become
poplular, from the humour of Liston's singing at Sadler's Wells. I have
a copy of the music and the words; altogether identical with those in
the music. Of these, with other matters connected with the {290} amorous
frog, I shall have something more to say hereafter. This notice is to be
considered incidental, rather than as referring expressly to Mr.
Cunningham's valuable book.

P. 153. _Deans Yard, Westminster._ - Several of the annual budgets of
abuse, obscenity, and impudent imposture, bearing on their title-pages
various names, but written by "John Gadbury, Student in Physic and
Astrology," were dated from "my house, Brick Court, Dean's Yard,
Westminster;" or this slightly varied, occasionally being, "Brick Court,
_near_ the Dean's Yard," &c. I have not seen a complete series of
Gadbury's _Almanacks_, but those I refer to range from 1688 to 1694
(incomplete). His burial in St. Margaret's, Westminster, in 1704, is
noticed by Mr. Cunningham, at p. 313. As brick was then only used in the
more costly class of domestic buildings, this would seem to indicate
that _prophecy_ was then a lucrative trade; and that the successor and
pupil of the "arch-rogue, William Lilly" was quite as fortunate in his
speculations as his master had been. It is a truth as old as society
itself, that "knaves grow rich while honest men starve." Whilst Gadbury
was "wallowing in plenty," the author of _Hudibras_ was perishing for
want of a crust!

P. 153. _Denzil Street._ - Here, about the middle of the street, on the
south side, lived Theophilus Holdred, a jobbing watchmaker, whose name
will always hold a place in one department of mathematical history. He
discovered a method of approximating to the roots of numerical
equations, of considerable ingenuity. He, however, lost in his day and
generation the reputation that was really due to him for it, by his
laying claim to more than he had effected, and seeking to deprive other
and more gifted men of the reputation due to a more perfect solution of
the same problem. He was, indeed, brought before the public as the tool
of a faction; and, as the tools of faction generally are, he was
sacrificed by his own supporters when he was no longer of any use to

I once called upon him, in company with Professor Leyburn, of the Royal
Military College, but I forget whether in 1829 or 1830. We found him at
his bench - a plain, elderly, and heavy-looking personage. He seemed to
have become "shy" of our class, and some time and some address were
requisite to get him to speak with any freedom: but ultimately we placed
him at his ease, and he spoke freely. We left him with the conviction
that he was the _bonâ fide_ discoverer of his own method; and that he
had no distinct conception, even then, of the principle of the methods
which he had been led by his friends to claim, of having _also_
discovered _Horner's_ process before Horner himself had published it. He
did not (ten years after the publication of Horner's method) even then
understand it. He understood his own perfectly, and I have not the
slightest doubt of the correctness of his own statement, of its having
been discovered by him fifty years before.

P. 166. _Dulwich Gallery._ - This is amongst the unfortunate consequences
of taking lists upon trust. Poor Tom Hurst[1] has not been in the
churchyard these last eight years - except the three last in his grave.
The last five years of his life were spent in a comfortable asylum, as
"a poor brother of the Charterhouse." He was one of the victims of the
"panic of 1825;" and though the spirit of speculation never left him, he
always failed to recover his position. He is referred to here, however,
to call Mr. Cunningham's attention to the necessity, in a _Hand-book_
especially, of referring his readers correctly to the places at which
_tickets_ are to be obtained for any purpose whatever. It discourages
the visitor to London when he is thus "sent upon a fool's errand;" and
the Cockney himself is not in quite so good a humour with the author for
being sent a few steps out of his way.

P. 190. _Rogers_ - a Cockney by inference. I {291} should like to see
this more decidedly established. I am aware that it is distinctly so
stated by Chambers and by Wilkinson; but a remark once made to me by
Mrs. Glendinning (the wife of Glendinning, the printer, of Hatton
Garden) still leads me to press the inquiry.

P. 191. - _The Free Trade Club_ was dissolved before the publication of
this edition of the _Handbook_.

P. 192. - And to Sir John Herschel, on his return from the Cape of Good

P. 210. _Royal Society._ - From a letter of Dr. Charles Hutton, in the
_Newcastle Magazine_ (vol. i. 2nd series), it appears that at the time
of Dr. Dodd's execution the Fellows were in the habit of adjourning,
after the meetings, to Slaughter's Coffee House, "to eat oysters," &c.
The celebrated John Hunter, who had attempted to resuscitate the
ill-fated Doctor, was one of them. "The Royal Society Club" was
instituted by Sir Joseph Banks.

P. 221. _Hanover Square._ - Blank date.

P. 337. _Millbank Prison._ - It was designed, not by "Jeremy Bentham,"
but by his brother, the great mechanist, Sir Samuel Bentham. In passing,
it may be remarked that the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, is
constructed on the same principle, and, as was stated in the _Mechanics'
Magazine_, on authority, a year or two ago, by the same engineer.
General rumour has, however, attributed the design to his gracious
Majesty George III; and its being so closely in keeping with the known
spirit of _espionage_ of that monarch certainly gave countenance to the
rumour. It may be as well to state, however, that, so designed and so
built, it has never yet been so used.

P. 428. - _Benbow_, not a native of Wapping, but of Shrewsbury. A life of
him was published nearly forty years ago, by that veteran of local and
county history, Mr. Charles Hulbert, in the _Salopian Magazine_.

P. 499. _Whitfield._ - Certainly not the founder of the Methodists, in
the ordinary or recognised acceptation of the term. John Wesley was at
the head of that movement from the very first, and George Whitfield and
Charles Wesley were altogether subordinate to him. Wesley and Whitfield
parted company on the ground of Arminianism _versus_ Calvinism. For a
while the two sects kept the titles of "Arminian Methodists" and
"Calvinistic Methodists." The latter made but little ground afterwards,
and the distinctive adjective was dropped by the Wesleyans when the
Whitfieldites had ceased to be a prominent body.

P. 515. _Doctor Dodd._ - The great interest excited in favour of a
commutation of his sentence, led to the belief at the time, that his
life had not been really sacrificed. Many plausible stories respecting
the Doctor having been subsequently seen alive, were current; and as
they may possibly in some future age be revived, and again pass into
general currency, it may be as well to state that the most positive
evidence to the contrary exists, in a letter of Dr. Hutton's before
referred to. The _attempt to resuscitate him was actually made_, by a no
less distinguished surgeon than John Hunter. He seemed then to attribute
the failure to his having _received the body too late_. Wonderful
effects were at that time expected to result from the discovery of
galvanism; but it would have been wonderful indeed if any restoration
had taken place after more than two hours of suspended animation. John
Hunter, according to the account, does not seem to have been very
communicative on the subject, even to his philosophical friends at
Slaughter's Oyster Rooms.


Shooter's Hill.

[Footnote 1: It may not be out of place here to mention one fine feature
in the character of "Tom Hurst;" his deep reverence for men of ability,
whether in literature, science, or art. Take one instance:

Fourteen or fifteen years ago, I called one morning at his place of
business (then 65. St. Paul's Church Yard, which has been subsequently
absorbed into the "Religious Tract Depository"); and, as was my custom,
I walked through the shop to his private room. He was "not in;" but a
gentleman, who first looked at me and then at a portrait of me on the
wall, accosted me by my surname as familiarly as an intimate
acquaintance of twenty years would have done. He and Hurst, it appeared,
had been speaking of me, suggested by the picture, before Hurst went
out. The familiar stranger did not keep me long in suspense - he
intimated that I had "probably heard our friend speak of Ben Haydon." Of
course I had; and we soon got into an easy chat. Hurst was naturally a
common subject with us. Amongst the remarks he made were the following,
and in almost the words: -

"When my troubles came on, I owed Hurst a large sum of money; and the
circumstances under which I became his debtor rendered this peculiarly a
debt of honour. He lent it me when he could ill spare it; yet he is the
only one of all my creditors who has not in one way or other persecuted
me to the present hour. When he first knew of my wreck, he called upon
me - _not to reproach but to encourage me_ - and he would not leave me
till he felt sure that he had changed the moody current of my thoughts.
If there be any change in him since then, it is in his increased
kindness of manner and his assiduity to serve me. He is now gone out to
try to sell 'a bit of daub' for me."

Hurst came in, and this conversation dropped; but it had been well had
Hurst been by his side on the day his last picture was opened to view at
the Egyptian Hall. The catastrophe of that night might have been
averted, notwithstanding Mr. Barnum and his Tom Thumb show in the
adjoining room.]

* * * * *


In turning over some old bundles of papers of the early part of the
seventeenth century, I met with the following satirical effusion upon
"James's infamous prime minister," George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham.
As an echo of the popular feelings of the people at the time it was
written, it merits preservation; and although I have seen other
manuscript copies of the ballad, it has never yet, as far as I can
learn, appeared in print.

It appears to be a parody or paraphrase of a well-known ballad of the
period, the burden of which attracted the notice of the satirist. It
afterwards became a common vehicle of derision during the civil war, as
may be seen by turning over the pages of the collection entitled _Rump
Songs_, and the folio volumes of the king's pamphlets.

The _original_ of these parodies has hitherto eluded my researches. It
is not among the Pepysian, Roxburghe, Wood, or Douce ballads, but
perhaps some of your readers may be able to point it out in some public
or private collection.

"Come heare, Lady Muses, and help mee to sing,
Come love mee where I lay;
Of a duke that deserves to be made a king -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"Our Buckingham Duke is the man that I meane,
Come love mee where I lay;
On his shoulders the weale of the kingdome doth leane -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"O happiest kingdome that ever was kind,
Come love mee where I lay;
And happie the king that hath such a friend -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way. {292}

"Needs must I extoll his worth and his blood -
Come love mee where I lay;
And his sweet disposition soe milde and soe good -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"Those innocent smiles that embelish his face,
Come love mee where I lay;
Who sees them not tokens of goodness and grace -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"And what other scholler could ever arise,
Come love mee where I lay;
From a master that was soe sincere and wise -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"Who is hee could now from his grave but ascend,
Come love mee where I lay;
Would surely the truth of his service commend -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"The king understands how he honors his place,
Come love me where I lay;
Which is to his majestie noe little grace -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"And therefore the government justly hath hee,
Come love mee where I lay;
Of horse for the land, and shipps for the sea -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"What, though our fleet be our enemies debtor,
Come love mee where I lay;
Wee brav'd them once, and wee'l brave them better -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"And should they land heere they should bee disjointed,
Come love mee where I lay;
And find both our horse and men bravely appointed -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"Then let us sing all of this nobel duke's praise,
Come love mee where I lay;
And pray for the length of his life and his daies -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way.

"And when that death shall close up his eyes,
Come love mee where I lay;
God take him up into the skies -
The cleane contrary way,
O the cleane contrary way."


* * * * *


(From Baker's MSS, vol. xxxv. p. 469-470. Cambridge University Library.)

"Octo'r 31. 1698. Mr. Thomas Caulton, Vicar of Worksop, &c. [as
in the note p. xiii. to the editor's Preface, ed. 1842, with
unimportant variations, such as _Madam Frances Heathcote_, where
the printed copy has _Mrs. Heathcote_; Baker reads _Madam Ayre
of Rampton after dinner took_, where the printed copy has, _Mrs.
Eyre_. After _was dead_, follows in Baker,] and that in that
Month she had buried her Husband and severall Relations, but
that her comfort was, that by her Monthly Sacraments she
participated still with them in the Communion of Saints.

"Then she went to her Closet, and fetched out a Manuscript, w'ch
she said was the original of the _Whole Duty of Man_, tied
together and stitched, in 8'vo, like Sermon notes. She untied
it, saying, it was Dr. Fell's Correction and that the Author was
the Lady Packington (her Mother), in whose hand it was written.

"To prove this, the s'd Mr. Caulton further added that she said,
she had shewn it to Dr. Covell, Master of Christ's College[2] in
Cambridge, Dr. Stamford, Preb. of York, and Mr. Banks the
present Incumbent of the Great Church in Hull. She added,
withall, that _The Decay of Christian Piety_ was hers (The Lady
Packington's) also, but disowned any of the rest to be her

"This is a true Copy of what I wrote, from Mr. Caulton's Mouth,
two days before his Decease.

"Witness my hand,

"Nov. 15. 98.


"Bp. Fell tells us, that all these Tracts were written by the
excellent Author (whom he makes to be one and the same person)
at severall times, as y'e exigence of the Church, and the
benefit of soules directed y'r composures; and that he (the
Author) did likewise publish them apart, in the same order as
they were made. The last, it seems (w'ch is _The Lively
Oracles_), came out in 1678, the very year Dr. Woodhead died.
Had the Author liv'd longer, we should have had his Tract _Of
the Government of the Thoughts_, a work he had undertaken; and
certainly (as Bp. Fell hath told us), had this work been
finished, 'twould have equall'd, if not excelled, whatever that
inimitable hand had formerly wrote. Withall it may be observ'd,
that the Author of these Tracts speaks of the great Pestilence,
and of the great Fire of London, both w'ch happen'd after the
Restoration, whereas Bp. Chappell died in 1649. And further, in
sect. vii. of the _Lively Oracles_, n. 2., are these words, w'ch
I think cannot agree to Bp. Chappell [and less to Mr. Woodhead].
_I would not be hasty in charging Idolatry upon the Church of
Rome, or all in her Communion; but that their Image-Worship is a
most futall snare, in w'ch vast numbers of unhappy Souls are
taken, no Man can doubt, who hath with any Regard travailed in
Popish Countries: I myself, and thousands of others, whom the
late troubles, or other occasions, sent abroad, are, and have
been witnesses thereof_. {293} These words seem to have been
spoke by one that had been at Rome, and was forced into those
Countries after the troubles broke out here. But as for
Chappell, he never was at Rome, nor in any of those Countries.

"As for Archbp. Stern, no Man will believe him to have any just
Title to any of these Tracts. [The last Passage concerning
idolatry, will not agree with Mr. Woodhead, nor the rest with
Lady Packington.]

"In a letter from Mr. Hearne, dat. Oxon, Mar. 27, 1733, said by
Dr. Clavering, Bp. of Petr. to be wrote by one Mr. Basket, a
Clergyman of Worcestershire. See Dr. Hamond's _Letters_
published by Mr. Peck, et ultra Quære."

On so disputed a point as the authorship of the _Whole Duty of Man_,
your readers will probably welcome any discussion by one so competent to
form an opinion in such matters as Hearne.

The letter above given was unknown to the editor of Mr. Pickering's


Marlborough College.

[Footnote 2: The printed copy has _Trinity_ College.]

* * * * *


In Campbell's _Notices of the British Poets_ (edit. 1848 p. 234.) is the
following, passage from the short memoir of George Wither: -

"He was even afraid of being put to some mechanical trade, when
he contrived to get to London, and with great simplicity had
proposed to try his fortune at court. To his astonishment,
however, he found that it was necessary to flatter in order to
be a courtier. To show his independence, he therefore wrote his
_Abuses Whipt and Stript_, and, instead of rising at court, was
committed for some months to the Marshalsea."

The author adds a note to this passage, to which Mr. Peter Cunningham
(the editor of the edition to which I refer) appends the remark inclosed
between brackets: -

"He was imprisoned for his _Abuses Whipt and Stript_; yet this
could not have been his first offence, as an allusion is made to
a former accusation. [It was for _The Scourge_ (1615) that his
first known imprisonment took place.]"

I cannot discover upon any authority sufficient ground for Mr.
Campbell's note resecting a _former_ accusation against Wither. He was
undoubtedly imprisoned for his _Abuses Whipt and Stript_, which first
appeared in print in 1613, but I do not think an _earlier_ offence can
be proved against him. It has been supposed, upon the authority of a
passage in the _Warning Piece to London_, that the first edition of this
curious work appeared in 1611; but I am inclined to think that the
lines, -

"In sixteen hundred ten and one,
I notice took of public crimes,"

refers to the period at which the "Satirical Essays" were _composed_.
Mr. Willmott, however (_Lives of the Sacred Poets_, p. 72.), thinks that
they point to an earlier publication. But it is not likely that Wither
would so soon again have committed himself by the publication of the
_Abuses_ in 1613, if he had suffered for his "liberty of speech" so
shortly before.

Mr. Cunningham's addition to Mr. Campbell's note is incorrect. The
_Scourge_ is part of the _Abuses Whipt and Stript_ printed in 1613 (a
copy of which is now before me), to which it forms a postscript. Wood,
who had never seen it, speaks of it as a _separate_ publication; but Mr.
Willmott has corrected this error, although he had only the means of
referring to the edition of the _Abuses_ printed in 1615. Mr.
Cunningham's note, that Wither was imprisoned for the _Scourge_ in 1615,
is a mistake; made, probably, by a too hasty perusal of Mr. Willmott's
charming little volume on our elder sacred poets.


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