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The American Missionary

JANUARY, 1896

Vol. L

No. 1




CONTENTS


EDITORIAL.

THE NEW YEAR, 1
PAMPHLETS AND SPEECHES, 2
JUBILEE BELL BANK, 3
MEETING WOMAN'S BUREAU - CLIPPINGS, 3


THE CHINESE.

ENDEAVOR TESTIMONIES, 4


IN MEMORIAM.

PROF. GEO. L. WHITE, 6
MISS ADA M. SPRAGUE, 7
MRS. N. D. MERRIMAN - MISS LILLIAN BEYER, 8


BUREAU OF WOMAN'S WORK.

ANNUAL MEETING - REPORT OF SECRETARY, 9
ADDRESS OF MRS. SYDNEY STRONG, 13
ADDRESS OF MISS ANNETTE P. BRICKETT, 15
EXTRACTS FROM ADDRESS, MISS H. S. LOVELAND, 18
ADDRESS OF MRS. HARRIS, 20
EXTRACTS FROM ADDRESS OF MRS. WOODBURY, 21


WOMAN'S STATE ORGANIZATIONS 23


RECEIPTS, 25


NEW YORK:
PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION,
Bible House, Ninth St. and Fourth Ave., New York.


Price, 50 Cents a Year in advance.
Entered at the Post Office at New York, N. Y., as second-class mail
matter.

* * * * *

American Missionary Association.


PRESIDENT, MERRILL E. GATES, LL.D., MASS.


_Vice-Presidents._

Rev. F. A. NOBLE, D.D., Ill.
Rev. ALEX. MCKENZIE, D.D., Mass.
Rev. HENRY HOPKINS, D.D., Mo.
Rev. HENRY A. STIMSON, D.D., N. Y.
Rev. WASHINGTON GLADDEN, D.D., Ohio.


_Honorary Secretary and Editor._

REV. M. E. STRIEBY, D.D., _Bible House, N. Y._


_Corresponding Secretaries._

Rev. A. F. BEARD, D.D., Rev. F. P. WOODBURY, D.D., _Bible House, N. Y._
Rev. C. J. RYDER, D.D., _Bible House, N. Y._


_Recording Secretary._

Rev. M. E. STRIEBY, D.D., _Bible House, N. Y._


_Treasurer._

H. W. HUBBARD, Esq., _Bible House, N. Y._


_Auditors._

GEORGE S. HICKOK.
JAMES H. OLIPHANT.


_Executive Committee._

CHARLES L. MEAD, Chairman.
CHARLES A. HULL, Secretary.


_For Three Years._

SAMUEL HOLMES,
SAMUEL S. MARPLES,
CHARLES L. MEAD,
WILLIAM H. STRONG,
ELIJAH HORR.


_For Two Years._

WILLIAM HAYES WARD,
JAMES W. COOPER,
LUCIEN C. WARNER,
JOSEPH H. TWICHELL,
CHARLES P. PEIRCE.


_For One Year._

CHARLES A. HULL,
ADDISON P. FOSTER,
ALBERT J. LYMAN,
NEHEMIAH BOYNTON,
A. J. F. BEHRENDS.


_District Secretaries._

Rev. GEO. H. GUTTERSON, _21 Cong'l House, Boston, Mass._
Rev. JOS. E. ROY, D.D., _153 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ill._


_Secretary of Woman's Bureau._

Miss D. E. EMERSON, _Bible House, N. Y._


COMMUNICATIONS

Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the
Corresponding Secretaries; letters for "THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY," to
the Editor, at the New York Office; letters relating to the finances,
to the Treasurer; letters relating to woman's work, to the Secretary
of the Woman's Bureau.


DONATIONS AND SUBSCRIPTIONS

In drafts, checks, registered letters, or post-office orders, may be
sent to H. W. Hubbard, Treasurer, Bible House, New York; or, when more
convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21 Congregational House,
Boston, Mass., or 153 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ill. A payment of
thirty dollars constitutes a Life Member.

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. - The date on the "address label" indicates the
time to which the subscription is paid. Changes are made in date on
label to the 10th of each month. If payment of subscription be made
afterward the change on the label will appear a month later. Please
send early notice of change in post-office address, giving the former
address and the new address, in order that our periodicals and
occasional papers may be correctly mailed.


FORM OF A BEQUEST.

"I GIVE AND BEQUEATH the sum of - - dollars to the 'American
Missionary Association,' incorporated by act of the Legislature of the
State of New York." The will should be attested by three witnesses.

* * * * *

THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY

VOL. L. JANUARY, 1896. No. 1.

* * * * *

1846. THE NEW YEAR. 1896.

Eighteen Hundred and Ninety-six brings in the Jubilee Year of the
American Missionary Association. What marked changes have taken place
between 1846 and 1896, even in the range of events with which the
Association is connected! Then the great gold discoveries in
California had not been made; then little was done by the Church or
the Government for the Indian; then the Southern mountaineers were
hunting and fishing, innocent of schools and railroads; then slavery
dominated the land, oppressing the slave and aiming to crush free
thought and speech in the North.

Now how changed! As to slavery, for example. The war and emancipation
have written a new page on our national history. But emancipation only
battered down the prison doors and sent forth the millions of
ignorant, helpless and vicious people - a menace to the Republic and a
reproach to the Church, if left in their degraded condition, but
presenting a most hopeful field for humane and Christian effort. The
facts made an appeal for immediate and effective work and the American
Missionary Association sprang into the task. Hundreds of refined and
Christian women lent their aid and toiled in the uplifting of the
needy, amid the scorn and hatred of the white people, while the
churches and benevolent friends responded with the means. The
Association has followed up this Christlike beginning by the planting
of permanent institutions - schools and churches - and the good effects
are becoming apparent in the multitude of industrious, prosperous and
educated colored people, the hopeful and helpful leaders of their
race. But their advancement only reveals the yet unreached masses
behind them as hopeful if promptly met, and as helpless if neglected,
as those that preceded them.

This good work is at its crowning point - to push forward is victory,
to halt is disaster. But the Association feels the pressure of the
hard times. It owes a debt of nearly $100,000, and needs four times
as much to sustain the work now in hand. Nevertheless, there is no
cause for discouragement in all this. There is vast wealth in the
nation, and a large share of it is in the hands of those who are more
or less directly connected with the Christian Church, and who are
liberal in their gifts when worthy objects are fairly brought to their
attention. It is true that there are those whose resources are
restricted by the present stagnation in business. This, however, gives
the opportunity for Christian self-denial. The relief for imperiled
Christian work will come if those who are prospered will give of their
abundance, while those less favored will imitate the Macedonians of
whom Paul speaks, whose "deep poverty abounded unto the riches of
their liberality." Self-denial is not a lost virtue in the Church of
Christ.

We make our appeal for relief during this Jubilee year. Already large
correspondence has been had with pastors of churches and others, and
the responses are very cheering, giving promise of most efficient
helpfulness. We hope, therefore, that our next Annual Meeting - our
fiftieth anniversary, to be held in Boston - will have the enthusiasm
of a Jubilee deliverance from the bondage of hampering limitations,
and give a new impulse to our labors for the emancipation of those
still in the bondage of ignorance and vice.

* * * * *

PAMPHLETS AND SPEECHES.

Our recent annual meeting has furnished a large number of papers and
addresses, covering, in a wide range, the various parts of the work of
this Association. Some of these have already appeared in the December
number of THE MISSIONARY, and a portion of them will be reprinted in
pamphlet or leaflet form, especially those from the field workers or
which relate directly to field operations. Besides these, some of the
valuable addresses not thus printed will be issued in pamphlet form,
and all of them are freely offered to our constituents on application!
We give below a somewhat complete list of these documents with the
name of the author and the title of the address:

The Freedman Truly Free Only by Christian Education: Pres. MERRILL E.
GATES.
Ownership and Service: Secretary F. P. WOODBURY.
The Indian Factor in the Indian Problem: Secretary C. J. RYDER.
Last Decade of A. M. A. Work in the South: Dist. Secretary JOS. E.
ROY.
Christianization of the "Inferior Races:" President J. B. ANGELL.
The Chinese in America an Element in Christianizing China: Rev.
WILLARD SCOTT, D.D.
Plea for Hope and Courage: Rev. W. E. C. WRIGHT, D.D.
Educational Work in the South: President W. G. BALLANTINE.
Mountain School Work: Prof. C. M. STEVENS.
After Twenty-five years in Negro Education: Prof. A. K. SPENCE.
The Financial Problem: Rev. J. M. STURTEVANT, D.D.
Indian Work: Rev. G. W. REED.
Story of a Young Indian: JONAS SPOTTED-BEAR.
Reciprocal Interests and Responsibilities of the Indian and White
Man: Rev. NEHEMIAH BOYNTON, D.D.
Southern Church Missions: Rev. H. M. LADD, D.D.
Progress and Needs of the Negro Race: Rev. GEORGE W. MOORE.
New Mission Churches: Rev. GEORGE H. HAINES.
Brothers and a Story: Rev. JOSIAH STRONG, D.D.
A Plea for the Chinese Work of the A. M. A.: Rev. J. K. MCLEAN, D.D.

* * * * *

JUBILEE BELL BANK.

The American Missionary Association has prepared a Bell Bank for the
use of Sunday-schools, Christian Endeavor Societies, etc., which it is
ready to distribute freely on application.

* * * * *

MEETING OF THE WOMAN'S BUREAU.

As usual, the January number of the MISSIONARY is devoted to the
addresses and papers delivered at the meeting of the Bureau of Woman's
Work, at Detroit, Mich. We are sure our readers will be gratified with
the reports which we give of these very telling papers and speeches.
They set forth distinctly the work of this Bureau and the needs and
prospects of the various peoples to whom its labors are devoted. The
Bureau is commending itself more and more as a valuable assistant in
reaching the hearts and moving the sympathies of the Christian women
of our churches, thus securing enlarged contributions.

* * * * *

CLIPPINGS FROM FIELD CORRESPONDENCE.


THE SOUTH.

From Allen Normal School, Thomasville, Ga.:

Every year of experience in the work strengthens my conviction of the
uncounted value of the work done in the American Missionary
Association schools in just the matter of fitting young men and women
to go to these country places, to carry to the multitudes of their own
race, whose lives are miserably darkened by ignorance and
superstition, the light which they have received.

From Lincoln School, Meridian, Miss.:

God is giving us great encouragement. No year has yet brought us as
great pleasure as this in seeing the fruits of our work. Eight of our
last year's graduates entered Tougaloo and Fisk. Better than this - for
we do not expect the greater part of our pupils will enter higher
institutions - more than forty of our students are now teaching. Nearly
every school in Kemper County is supplied with teachers from our
school. Several of our young men are seriously considering the going
as mission teachers into the darkest part of the great Black Belt.


THE MOUNTAIN FIELD.

From one of our mountain academies comes the following good message
that will interest all the loyal Endeavorers throughout the land:

"Last Sunday at our Young People's meeting a vigorous beginning was
made to the organization of a Christian Endeavor Society. Young men
active in religious meetings made the move and organized."

The following lines are used in one of the Sunday-schools in
Connecticut, which has recently given its birthday pennies to work
among the mountain children in the South. Their contribution goes to
help provide a building for the Christian instruction of a large
number of Highland lads and lassies in Tennessee. We thoroughly
appreciate gifts that come with the evident spirit of consecration
that accompanies these birthday pennies:

Jesus sat beside the treasury,
Saw the pennies as they came,
Knew the hands that love to bring them
For the sake of His dear name.
Jesus, bless the ones _we_ bring Thee,
Give them something sweet to do;
May they help someone to love Thee;
Jesus, may we love Thee, too.

* * * * *

The Chinese.


ENDEAVOR TESTIMONIES.

BY REV. W. C. POND, D.D.

It seems to me that nothing else should so much interest the friends
of our Chinese Mission, as to get glimpses of the inner life, the
Christian purposes, the ways of thinking which characterize those whom
we report as giving evidence of conversion, and, perhaps, not
otherwise can such glimpses be given than by jotting down some of the
testimonies borne by them in their Y. P. S. C. E. meetings.

I myself have heard very many such which I have wished I could
reproduce in the hearing of those whose gifts sustain our work, but
that I may not seem to have gleaned the remarkable ones from the
whole field, I will take only those recently reported to me from our
Los Angeles Mission by its faithful and efficient teacher, Mrs. Rice.
It must be noted that these were all made under the embarrassments
attendant upon speaking in English, to them a strange and but
half-learned tongue.

1. "I enjoy C. E. very much. When you in trouble, your friend let you
have money; when you get money you pay him back. So friends and
teachers help us. Now they want us to give few words. They like to
know how much I know Christ. Another thing: China never show us the
way to Heaven. This country help us. God gave his only Son. We ought
to thank Him and give him our words."

2. "If you in strange place and look for hotel, may-be get in bad one;
some friend show you good one, be very thankful. Christ show way to
Heaven. _We_ be very thankful."

3. "Ten days ago I read in paper - C. E. Society started in China. I
felt very glad. When I visited China few years ago, did not know about
it. I tell few friends words about great Creator of world. He made
everything. He made good and evil. Some people ask me why God make
evil. I tell him so people choose. I used to choose evil things,
worship idols, and such things. Then I come Mission school, learn to
sing; best of all, read Bible, and I read Jesus is the way, the truth
and the life, and I choose good. I am glad I know Jesus is the way."

4. An Exposition, Matt. 16:19. "I will give thee the keys," etc.
"Don't lose your key. If you lose your key you can't get home. Not
take care [_i. e._ carelessly] I lost my key for P. O. box. Had to ask
for another. Have great trouble for lose your key, but if you do, ask
your Father in heaven. He give you another."

5. "I will explain how to go to heaven. Remember how I found the way
to cook. First I make some cake. I not know how much eggs and how much
sugar. Sometimes good and sometimes bad. After while I ask friend all
about make cake. He good cook. He tell me how much eggs, how much
flour, and how long bake. Then I have no trouble. So ask Jesus how to
go to heaven. He tell me and I have no trouble."

6. "We, brethren, go out all day, working hard. When it come night, we
all come here to our home [_i. e._ the Mission House]. _It like fader
and moder to us._"

7. One of our brethren was greatly moved one night over a letter just
received from his father acknowledging the receipt of $20, which he
had sent in accordance with his custom of remitting regularly toward
the support of his parents. His father asked him to send more in
order that he might "buy him a new son who would worship ancestors."
He said: "I am his only child. My father rather I smoke opium, gamble
and drink, only so I give up Jesus and serve ancestors. I am not that
way. I never give up my religion so long as I live. I did explain to
them to be a Christian very much, but they not want to change. I wish
I never got that letter. I do pray much for them. I pray for them
every night."

Teachers in any of our missions who succeed in persuading their pupils
to speak at the Endeavor meetings in English will all recognize in the
above testimonies counterparts of such as they have often heard. I am
not surprised to have one of them, who has recently entered into this
service, write: "The longer I teach the better I like the work and
realize the grand possibilities in it. Oh! if only I can bring my
scholars to a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ!" She is doing this,
and so are all the others in our noble band.

* * * * *

In Memoriam.


PROFESSOR GEORGE L. WHITE.

Twenty-four years ago a choir of colored singers, young men and women,
went forth from Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn., and introduced a
peculiar variety of songs and music, which they and their successors
have carried with _éclat_ well-nigh round the world. They not only
awoke the enthusiasm of vast audiences in the large cities of America
and Europe, but they were invited to sing before the mightiest
monarchs and the most distinguished people on the other side of the
water. These singers were endowed richly with the sweet and mellow
voices that nature has given to their race, but they had also a
training under a most skillful and magnetic teacher, Professor George
L. White. He not only had genius as a teacher of music, but a profound
faith in God that prompted him to undertake a seemingly hopeless
enterprise, without adequate means and with little encouragement from
others.

He was born in Cadiz, N. Y., in 1833, and was a member of the 73d Ohio
regiment. He fought in the battles of Gettysburg and Chancellorsville,
and his life was always characterized by a spirit of loyal devotion to
his country. At the close of the war he held office in the Freedmen's
Bureau and was appointed to be the first treasurer of Fisk University.
After training his singers, he started with them on their journey,
stopping in Cincinnati and in Oberlin where they were welcomed by the
first National Congregational Council; thence eastward, scarcely
paying expenses, until they reached Brooklyn, where Henry Ward Beecher
gave them an audience completely packing his great church, thus
indorsing them for their future career. Their first trip through this
country netted $20,000, and a second "campaign" in Great Britain and
on the Continent was even more successful. As the result of all the
efforts of the Jubilee Singers at home and abroad under different
leaders, nearly $150,000 was realized, which was expended in grounds
and buildings for Fisk University - an eloquent though silent monument
to their remarkable undertaking. In 1881 Mr. White, while at
Chautauqua with a band of singers, fell from a platform and suffered
injuries from which he never wholly recovered. For several years he
has been at Sage College, Ithaca, N. Y., where he has performed a work
of great personal influence and endeared himself to all those with
whom he came in contact. Mr. White died suddenly November 9, being
stricken with paralysis. Services were held in the chapel of Sage
College, and also at Fisk University, where some of the original band
of singers rendered some of the old Jubilee hymns. He was buried at
Fredonia, N. Y., and the interment service was held in the
Presbyterian church. A useful career of a consecrated man has
terminated amid the sorrows of many friends who yet do not mourn
without hope.

* * * * *

MISS ADA M. SPRAGUE.

Another of our faithful workers has finished her work and gone to her
rest. On the 23d of November Miss Ada M. Sprague, assistant in the
normal department of the Ballard School at Macon, Ga., breathed her
last after a brief illness of two weeks. She leaves a widowed mother
and twin sister. She has gone in the prime of her young womanhood and
in the midst of her usefulness. But she has left behind the example of
a consecrated life which will endure.

Miss Sprague was born in Keene, Ohio, November 15, 1863. She was of
New England ancestry. Her first experience in teaching was in a
country school near her home, where she was very successful. She
afterward went to college in Wooster, Ohio, but before she completed
her course her father died and she was obliged to give up her studies
and find some employment. For the following three or four years she
worked in the Pension Office at Columbus, Ohio. Then, offering her
services to the American Missionary Association, she was appointed to
a position in Tillotson College at Austin, Texas, where she labored
faithfully for four years. In October of this year she went to Macon,
Ga., where she did her work thoroughly up to within two weeks of her
death. She will be sadly missed by the mother, whose main dependence
she was, and by the many friends she had made wherever she had lived
and labored.

* * * * *

MRS. N. D. MERRIMAN.

On the 1st of October, 1895, on the anniversary of her entering upon
work as a teacher in Burrell School, at Selma, Ala., we buried Mrs.
Narcissa Dorsey Merriman, wife of Professor James A. Merriman, of the
class of '91, Talladega. Mrs. Merriman took the full college course at
Fisk University, graduating in 1891. Professor Spence was for four
years her instructor in Greek and leader of the Mozart Society, in
which she was soprano soloist. He writes: "Let us thank God it was
light with her at the evening of life." This was indeed true. A few
hours before the end, when seemingly at the very brink, strength was
given to sing in her remarkably clear, flute-like tones the verse,
"God moves in a mysterious way." We sang this at her funeral; also by
her request, "O mother, dear Jerusalem." These constituted a part of
the memorial service at Fisk also.

Miss Dorsey taught in '91-2 at Beaumont, Texas; '92-3-4 in Birmingham,
Ala., and '94-5 in Burrell. In all these places she will long be
remembered for her gift of song, scholarly attainment and genial
bearing - a lovely woman. Besides a sorrowing husband she left a
widowed mother, bereft of her only child, and a helpless infant three
weeks old, thus seeming to lay down her work at the very dawn of great
usefulness in home and society.

* * * * *

MISS LILLIAN BEYER.

Miss Lillian Beyer, who taught in the Warner Institute at Knoxville,
Tenn., last year, under this Association, died on November 29, and was
laid to rest December 2. A week before her death she had every
appearance of good health. She had secured a position as city
missionary in the neighborhood in which she used to live in New York,
and was expecting to begin her life work there on the very day on
which she was buried. But a few days before she was attacked with a
violent fit of coughing and grew rapidly worse, falling asleep two
days later, on her twenty-fifth birthday.

Her pastor writes: "The funeral was held in the chapel on Sunday
evening. A great company gathered, and I trust that impressions were
received which will bear fruit in the coming years. It is our prayer
that those who did not yield to her life and her teaching may bow
before this mysterious Providence. While preparing for her life work,
Miss Beyer had done considerable missionary labor, and a bright
prospect was before her - shall I not rather say _is_ before her."

* * * * *

Bureau of Woman's Work.

MISS D. E. EMERSON, SECRETARY.


ANNUAL MEETING.

One of the interesting sessions of the American Missionary Association
at Detroit was the Woman's Meeting, which was held from two to four
o'clock on Thursday afternoon before the same large audience that had
already listened for two days to the varied accounts of work on the
mission field.

The devotional exercises were led by Miss Mallory, a deaconess of the


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Online LibraryVariousThe American Missionary — Volume 50, No. 1, January, 1896 → online text (page 1 of 6)