Various.

The American Missionary — Volume 44, No. 05, May, 1890 online

. (page 1 of 5)
Online LibraryVariousThe American Missionary — Volume 44, No. 05, May, 1890 → online text (page 1 of 5)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Produced by Cornell University, Joshua Hutchinson, Josephine
Paolucci and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team.










THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY

MAY, 1890 VOL. XLIV. NO. 5.




CONTENTS


EDITORIAL.

BALLARD NORMAL SCHOOL, MACON, GA.

TEACHERS' HOME AND GIRLS' DORMITORY, MACON, GA.

REMOVAL - FINANCIAL

OUR MISSION IN ALASKA

SOUTHERN NOTES

FACTS ABOUT BALLARD SCHOOL

BALLARD NORMAL SCHOOL AND CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, MACON, GA.

INTERIOR OF INDUSTRIAL BUILDING

CHRISTIAN NEGRO LEADERS

CONFERENCE OF EDUCATORS

A PRIZE POEM


THE SOUTH.

NOTES IN THE SADDLE

THEN AND NOW

CENTRAL SOUTH ASSOCIATION

"SIX DAYS SHALT THOU LABOR"

ENCOURAGED AND THANKFUL

TOUGALOO UNIVERSITY

DEATH OF ELI TAPLEY


THE INDIANS.

A JANUARY TRIP


THE CHINESE.

OUR CHINESE WORK


BUREAU OF WOMAN'S WORK.

NOTICE OF MEETING OF STATE UNIONS

LETTER FROM A SOUTHERN LADY

WOMAN'S STATE ORGANIZATIONS


RECEIPTS

* * * * *

NEW YORK:

PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION,

Bible House, Ninth St. and Fourth Ave., New York.

* * * * *

Price, 50 Cents a Year, in advance.

Entered at the Post Office at New York, N.Y., as second-class matter.




_American Missionary Association_.

PRESIDENT, Rev. WM. M. TAYLOR, D.D., LL.D., N.Y.


_Vice-Presidents_.

Rev. A.J.F. BEHRENDS, D.D., N.Y. Rev. F.A. NOBLE, D.D., Ill. Rev. ALEX.
McKENZIE, D.D., Mass. Rev. D.O. MEARS, D.D., Mass. Rev. HENRY HOPKINS,
D.D., Mo.


_Corresponding Secretaries_.

Rev. M.E. STRIEBY, D.D., _Bible House, N.Y._ Rev. A.F. BEARD, D.D.,
_Bible House, N.Y._ Rev. F.P. WOODBURY, D.D., _Bible House, N.Y._


_Recording Secretary_.

Rev. M.E. STRIEBY, D.D., _Bible House, N.Y._


_Treasurer_.

H.W. HUBBARD, Esq., _Bible House, N.Y._


_Auditors._

PETER McCARTEE. CHAS. P. PEIRCE.


_Executive Committee._

JOHN H. WASHBURN, Chairman. ADDISON P. FOSTER, Secretary.


_For Three Years._

S.B. HALLIDAY, SAMUEL HOLMES, SAMUEL S. MARPLES, CHARLES L. MEAD, ELBERT
B. MONROE,


_For Two Years._

J.E. RANKIN, WM. H. WARD, J.W. COOPER, JOHN H. WASHBURN, EDMUND L.
CHAMPLIN,


_For One Year._

LYMAN ABBOTT, CHAS. A. HULL, CLINTON B. FISK, ADDISON P. FOSTER, ALBERT
J. LYMAN.


_District Secretaries._

Rev. C.J. RYDER, 21 _Cong'l House, Boston, Mass._ Rev. J.E. ROY. D.D.,
151 _Washington Street, Chicago, Ill._ Rev. C.W. HIATT, 64 _Euclid Ave.,
Cleveland. Ohio._


_Financial Secretary for Indian Missions._

Rev. CHAS. W. SHELTON.


_Secretary of Woman's Bureau._

Miss D.E. EMERSON, _Bible House, N.Y._


COMMUNICATIONS

Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the
Corresponding Secretaries; letters for "THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY," to the
Editor, at the New York Office; letters relating to the finances, to the
Treasurer.


DONATIONS AND SUBSCRIPTIONS

In drafts, checks, registered letters, or post-office orders, may be
sent to H.W. Hubbard, Treasurer, Bible House, New York, or, when more
convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21 Congregational House,
Boston, Mass., 151 Washington Street, Chicago, Ill., or 64 Euclid Ave.,
Cleveland, Ohio. A payment of thirty dollars at one time constitutes a
Life Member.


NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. - The date on the "address label," indicates the
time to which the subscription is paid. Changes are made in date on
label to the 10th of each month. If payment of subscription be made
afterward, the change on the label will appear a month later. Please
send early notice of change in post-office address, giving the former
address and the new address, in order that our periodicals and
occasional papers may be correctly mailed.


FORM OF A BEQUEST.

"I BEQUEATH to my executor (or executors) the sum of - - dollars, in
trust, to pay the same in - - days after my decease to the person who,
when the same is payable shall act as Treasurer of the 'American
Missionary Association,' of New York City, to be applied, under the
direction of the Executive Committee of the Association, to its
charitable uses and purposes." The Will should be attested by three
witnesses.

[Illustration: BALLARD NORMAL SCHOOL, MACON, GA]

[Illustration: TEACHERS' HOME AND GIRLS' DORMITORY, BALLARD SCHOOL,
MACON, GA]




THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY.

* * * * *

VOL. XLIV. MAY, 1890. No. 5.

* * * * *

American Missionary Association

* * * * *

REMOVAL.


The Rooms of the American Missionary Association are now in the Bible
House, New York City. Correspondents will please address us accordingly.

Visitors will find our Rooms on the sixth floor of the Bible House,
corner Ninth Street and Fourth Avenue; entrance by elevator on Ninth
Street.

* * * * *

FINANCIAL.


The first six months of our fiscal year have passed. The receipts for
this period are from collections $101,509.44; from estates, $101,179.63;
from income, $4,262.91; from tuition, $22,729,32; and from the United
States Government for Indian Schools, $8,946.07. Total, $238,627.37.

The meaning of these figures is clear. We rejoice in the enlarging
beneficence of the living and of the dead, who live unto God. The
tremendous pressure of our providential work is nearer to being felt and
met by the American people than ever before. What the Association has
done hitherto is no measure of what it has constantly been called to do
and is now called to do. It can now meet a few more of the immediate
demands urged upon it from its vast and necessitous field. As between
faith and fear, we do not hesitate to take the way of faith. We thank
God and take courage. Hitherto the Lord hath helped us; He will bless
us.

To our living friends we must say: Our work, like all living things,
either grows or decays. Those who have been called hence, within these
six months, have left us, by their legacies, their bidding to go
forward with a growing work. Except by your support, this growth will
mean swift, subsequent decay. Our largest work is in a field teeming
with great dangers and yet with great possibilities of success. The
success depends upon prompt, vigorous and permanent increase. It is
yours to empower us to meet in some good degree the call of the hour and
of God.

* * * * *

OUR MISSION IN ALASKA.


We have undertaken to establish a mission school among the Arctic Eskimo
Indians of Alaska. The location is to be at Point Prince of Wales at
Behrings Strait, the westernmost point of the mainland of America and
nearest to Asia. Its distance from the North Pole has not yet been
ascertained. The inhabitants are described by Capt. Charles H. Stockton,
of the United States Navy, as "the boldest and most aggressive people of
all the Arctic coast. They are such a turbulent crowd that the whalers
are afraid to visit them and consequently give them a wide berth. It is
both the worst people and the most prosperous settlement in that region.
They ought to have a mission station."

Dr. Sheldon Jackson, the Secretary of the Territorial Board of
Education, says: "On account of the character of the people, I think it
would not be safe to send a woman there, at least the first year. I
favor the sending of two men at first. If difficulties arise, they will
be a mutual strength, and if the teacher gets sick, there will be some
one to attend him. From the time that the revenue cutter passes south in
August and the whalers in September, these men will be shut up with the
natives and thrown upon their own resources and God's protection until
the following June or July. I would advise that the missionaries be
large men physically, as size impresses the natives favorably, and there
may be times when they will need to remove a turbulent man from their
room by physical force."

We have sent out our call for the missionaries. It is obvious that none
need nor will apply who are not Christian heroes, and who have not in
themselves the stuff of which martyrs are made. But this mission will
not be alone. In that region, but at vast distances apart, will soon be
established Presbyterian, Episcopal, Swedish and Moravian missions.

The Government will refund the $3,000 necessary for the erection of the
building, and one church in Connecticut has provided a little over
$2,000 to defray current expenses for the first year. This sum will
scarcely be adequate for this year, and that generous church, as well as
others, must be relied upon to meet future expenses. We believe the hero
missionaries will be found, and that a generous support will be given to
an enterprise at once so bold, so needed and so promising.

* * * * *

SOUTHERN NOTES.

BY SECRETARY A.F. BEARD.


In the relationship of the races we are accustomed to speak of the
"color prejudice." We know very well that there is a most assertive
prejudice against colored people. Rev. Dr. Wright, in his admirable
address at Chicago, said, "The cause is this: All free-born people in
every age and clime have a contempt for slaves. The sole reason of the
persistence of the caste feeling is that the black man belongs to a race
which has been enslaved." The inference is, "therefore your character is
a servile character."

The common judgment has been that the prejudice is against color. A
little observation, however, will show that Southern people have no
prejudice against color as such. Color ceases to be repugnant when it
ceases to be unfamiliar.

I have been led to conclude that a great part of what is called the
color prejudice, may be charged up to the fact of feature. The features,
in the people of every race, are offensive when they are coarse and
carnal. For example, among a class of the Irish peasantry long ignorance
and lowdown life have given to the children an heredity of ingrained
coarseness. It is visible in a certain stamp of the features. Education
and elevation will gradually reduce the animalism of the face. With good
breeding, in generations the lips grow thinner; the face takes on
character and even changes in shape.

The Negro condition at present is one of immaturity. The Uncle Rastus
side of Negro character and life may be seen every day in the Southern
Negro. The immaturity of the race and its revelation and expression in
feature and in character, repel more than color does. The antipathy
against color in the South is reduced to its very lowest terms, as facts
prove.

The way to destroy the prejudice which exists both by association with
the ideas of bondage and by features which are not refined, is a common
one. Education is the only way. I have been surprised to see how rapidly
education, especially religious education and the refining influence of
good associations, are eliminating both the idea that color is a badge
of a servile mind, and the inherited coarseness of features. The
educated children of educated parents are in many instances already
showing in their faces the mettle of their pasture. There is a
perceptible growth away from immaturity and coarseness of feature, along
with the growth away from immaturity of mind.

Twenty-five years, indeed, is a short time for a study of this sort. It
is hardly to be counted in the history of a race. A century is but a
unit in the problem of a people's history. We have no right to form our
judgments yet, as to the place the Negro people may take. What three or
four centuries may do for the race is to be settled too remotely for us
to testify.

A distinguished educator lately said that he had been disappointed in
the intellectual ability and resources of the Negro. The race had not
shown itself to be hopeful. I reply, if in twenty-five years we have the
few remarkable instances of advancement and attainment which appear,
together with a very large general uplift in education and character,
may not these facts be the prophecies and pledges of a future that shall
not be inferior.

Even now the difference between the uneducated and the educated black
man is very striking. The crudeness and the unrefinement in feature are
not necessary accompaniments of color. Thick lips do not inherently
belong with a dark skin. Coarseness of feature belongs to white people,
long degraded, as well, and is to be eliminated in them also by the
evolution which takes place in schools and churches.

Here is a race from original heathenism which has come through two
hundred years of the darkness of slavery, set free in exceedingly
unhelpful conditions, and shut in for the most part to association with
illiteracy, bad manners, bad morals and bad habits. Only exceptionally
can colored people come near enough to those who are high and good to
get much good by seeing what goodness is and how it lives.

Yet, notwithstanding this, history reveals nothing more wonderful than
what we see in those who have come from homes which are not homes and
from previous degrading influences, as they pass through a term of years
in our schools.

When the generations to come from these shall have had for a century the
impartial blessings of an intelligent and pure Christianity, the
question as to the Negro's place among the races will be nearer
solution.

* * * * *

FACTS ABOUT BALLARD SCHOOL

We present to our readers four pictures giving different views of
the Ballard Normal School at Macon, Ga., and add here a
description copied from the _Ballard Record:_


Ballard Normal School has this year entered upon the fruition of many
earnest hopes and desires, in the opening of the boarding department, in
connection with the day school. We have now a large family of boarding
pupils living in the beautiful new dormitory, erected last summer
through the interest of Mr. Ballard, who gave us our commodious school
building one year ago. As memory goes back to the "early days," from
1865 to 1868, when this school was in its infancy, and was taught in
various barns, dwelling houses and churches, and as we recall the loss
by fire of three buildings in 1876, and the subsequent use of the church
and our present carpenter shop for school-rooms, we dwell with gratitude
upon the ministrations of friends in past years, and especially upon
that visit of Mr. Ballard, which resulted in these handsome buildings.
It was thought that our new brick school-house, with seven school-rooms,
one recitation-room, and office, would furnish accommodations to all
pupils for several years to come. But already, just one year from its
dedication, it is found necessary to open an additional school-room in
an adjacent building. The enrollment for this year is five hundred and
eighty-four. An unusual number of young men and women from neighboring
counties, are availing themselves of the opportunities here offered to
acquire an education.

[Illustration: BALLARD NORMAL SCHOOL AND CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, MACON,
GA]

[Illustration: INTERIOR OF BALLARD INDUSTRIAL BUILDING, MACON, GA.]

We have large classes in sewing and carpentry, and small classes in
printing and wood-carving. Classes in cooking will be organized as soon
as the industrial kitchen is fitted up.

Several students are working and earning their entire board and tuition.
Many more are earning half of their board by working for the
institution, and paying the remainder, four dollars per month, from
money earned last summer. We are obliged to refuse many applicants, who
would be glad to work for half of their board. Any of our friends
desiring a "good investment" of benevolence can be supplied with
particulars by applying to us.

* * * * *

CHRISTIAN NEGRO LEADERS.


We conscientiously believe that educated _Christian_ Negroes are to be
the safe and trusted leaders of their people in the crisis which is
coming in the South. Their wisdom and Christian character will
counterbalance the rash and reckless impulses of others of their race,
and instead, therefore, of its being unwise to educate the Negro, as
some Southern white people believe, the Christian education of these
colored people will be the sheet anchor of safety to both whites and
blacks in the South. As a specimen of the counsel given by the
influential Christian Negro, we clip the following from the _Christian
Recorder_ of Philadelphia, the organ of the African Methodist Episcopal
Church:

While we believe in all men being courageous, we encourage none to
be rash. We are at the mercy of a powerful class. It is always
best to remember this and apply the ounce of preventive to save
the fifteen ounces of cure. Our brethren must be very careful in
respect to the position taken on all subjects. Take no position
from which you are likely to be forced to your disadvantage. In
all writing and speaking forget not that discretion is the bitter
part of valor.

We append, as germane to the subject, the following piece of sensible
advice given by Rev. J.C. Price of Salisbury, N.C., to his brethren:

I have no faith in the doctrine of assimilation. The blacks may
say their color is against them. If that could only be changed,
all would be well. I believe that color has nothing to do with the
question. Black is a favorite color. A black horse we all admire.
A black silk dress is a gem. A black broadcloth suit is a daisy.
Black only loses its prestige, its dignity, when applied to a
human being. It is not because of his color, but because of his
condition, that the black man is in disfavor. Whenever a black
face appears, it suggests a poverty-stricken, ignorant race.
Change your conditions; exchange immorality for morality,
ignorance for intelligence, poverty for prosperity, and the
prejudice against our race will disappear like the morning dewdrop
before the rising sun.

The _Southern Congregationalist_ gives the following hopeful statement:

One of the most distinguished representatives of our Baptist
brethren, whose name is a household word in that communion
throughout the South, expressed a common view among us when he
said in our office not long since:

"We once thought that Negroes were incapable of education, but we
have found ourselves mistaken, and now favor the education of the
race, trusting that with better edification better ideas will
come."

* * * * *

CONFERENCE OF EDUCATORS.

BY REV. GEO. W. MOORE.


The first Conference of Educators of Colored Youth, which met in
Washington, D.C., March 25-27, was a large and interesting meeting, and
the results were very gratifying. Representative instructors were
gathered from various parts of the country - chiefly from the Southern
States - at the invitation of the College Alumni of Howard University, to
review the educational progress of the past twenty-five years; to
compare views of the status and needs of the work, and to consider plans
for the future. It was felt that there were certain questions and
special needs arising out of the condition of the colored people in this
country, which required earnest consideration, the solution of which
rests largely with the Negro himself. The presence of so many colored
men and women who had graduated from the institutions of learning they
now seek to foster, including Presidents of colleges and normal schools
and principals and teachers of public schools, professors of Greek,
Latin, mathematics and theology, physicians, lawyers and ministers, was
an object-lesson of the educational progress of the race.

Able papers were read on practical subjects of all phases of educational
work. Industrial work, normal training and higher education, were
fruitful topics of discussion. While each had its advocates, it was the
consensus of opinion that each of these departments has its place, and
that all were needed in the education of our colored youth. Judge
Tourgee addressed the Conference on National Aid to Education; and Hon.
W.T. Harris, the Commissioner of Education, advocated the higher
education of the Negro. National Aid to Education was strongly advocated
by the Conference, and is emphasized in their address to the country.
That address commends itself to the thoughtful consideration of the
friends of education. The report closes with the following appeal in
behalf of the institutions that have been established in the South: "A
crying need at the present hour is the making permanent of the larger
and more central institutions of learning for colored youth in the
South, through permanent endowments, by private contributions. Many of
them have struggled along for a quarter of a century, doing much good,
it is true, but greatly hindered in their progress because of the
uncertainty of their financial support. We appeal to the wealthy and
philanthropic everywhere to contribute of their means to such
endowments."

Four college Presidents were in attendance, and took part in the
Conference - Rev. Dr. Simmons, of Kentucky State University; Rev. Dr.
Brackett, of Storer College, Harper's Ferry; Rev. Dr. Bumstead, of
Atlanta University and Rev. Dr. Rankin of Howard University. Prof. J.M.
Gregory of Howard University was elected President, and Prof. S.G.
Atkins of Salisbury, N.C., Secretary of the Conference. The next meeting
will be held at Atlanta, Ga., January 1, 1891.

* * * * *

A PRIZE POEM.


A publishing house in North Carolina offered "a handsome prize for the
best poem, not less than sixteen nor more than twenty-four lines, on any
North Carolina subject." Twenty or more poems were received, and
submitted to a committee who did not know the names of the writers; on
comparison with the numbers it was found that the poem to which the
prize was awarded was written by Mrs. A.W. Curtis, of Raleigh, N.C., a
missionary of this Association. We print the poem not only for its
merit, but as an honor conferred upon one of our valued workers among
the colored people of the South.


NORTH CAROLINA.

BY MRS. A.W. CURTIS.

Thou sittest like a queen with coronal
Of dazzling beauty on thy sunny brow;
The glorious mountains for thy lofty throne,
The grand old Ocean lying at thy feet;
Thy jewels are the healing springs, that lie
Like gleaming pearls upon thy bounteous breast.
From far and near, earth's weary pilgrims come, -
A long procession, sad, and heavy-eyed, -
To win anew the priceless boon of health,
From thy Bethesda, angel-stirred and blest.
Deep in the bosom of thy mighty hills,
Dame Nature brews the elixir of life,
And pours it lavishly through riven rocks,
In basins carved by no weak, human hand;
And here and there, deep down the woodland glens
She sets her moss-rimmed chalices, where those
Who quaff with fevered lips the cooling draught,
Find health and vigor stealing through their veins.
O, queenly State! lift up thy fair, proud head,
The while thy sons and daughters honor thee,
And shine a pure white star, whose light shall be
Undimmed, through all the ages yet to come!

* * * * *

We are very happy to acknowledge the gift of one hundred copies of the
"People's Commentary on the Gospel according to St. Luke," by Edwin W.
Rice, D.D., from the American Sunday-school Union, at Philadelphia,
Penn. These books will be sent to our schools in the South, where they
will be of great benefit to the teachers in the Sunday-schools, and to
the graduates as they go forth to fresh experiences in the country
summer schools.

A man told one of our Indian pupils, that he was not like other men,
that he helped others and went to church, etc., and as she told the
story she said, "Yet he is a Republican and sinner, I think."

* * * * *

THE SOUTH.

* * * * *

NOTES IN THE SADDLE.

BY DISTRICT SECRETARY C.J. RYDER.


A little girl in the Sunday-school at Quincy, Mass., when asked what a
missionary was, replied: "A missionary is a man who comes around to get
our money." That expresses with a good degree of accuracy the object of
the missionary's trip through New England, and it is wonderful what
large sums of money come from these generous churches in response to the
appeals of our different Societies.

It was pleasant to turn aside for a few weeks and mount again into the
saddle, and visit the field into which these contributions go, and where


1 3 4 5

Online LibraryVariousThe American Missionary — Volume 44, No. 05, May, 1890 → online text (page 1 of 5)