Vladimir Ippolitoritch Lipski.

On the mountain regions of Russian Turkestan, Thian-Shan. online

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On the Mountain Regions

of Russian Turkestan, Thian-Shan

Vladimir Ippolitoritch Lipski




3 2044 107 252 744







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Ho ropHHM'L oCjiacTflM'L PyccKaro TypKecTana
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Bi 1903 ro;^ mh^ npHinjiocB CA'^jaib AOBOJibHO A^HHHoe nyxe-
mecTBie no PyccKony TypKecTaey — rjiasHUM'B oCpasoMi wb o6jia-
CTflxi ropHBixi TflBB-niaHflyOnHcaBi kojbi^o BORpyn Hccus'L-Ryja.
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CpeAHefi Asiefi, hto6u hm^ts npeACTaBjeeie o tomi, HacKOJibRo
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xypHux'B AftHHuxi, Roxopufl 6hi no3BOJiHJiH A^JiaxB HaAesHoe
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Rone^HO, npeAnpHHflXB nyxemecxBie. 3x0 iiyxemecxBie 6ujio ajih
MeHH jiHHHO o^eHB HHxepecHo; HO caMa cxpana AOCxaxoHHO
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^) JLuncKiu B.^ ^.lopa Cpe^Heft AbIh, r.-e. Pyccuaro TypKecxaHa h
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BOAy HJiH cneceHHua; bx nocji'6ABeM'B M^cx'i^ nocxpoeHu 6£ijih
xaRse MOCXRH. no pejiBcaM'B nepeBOSHJiH Rpynnua Ben^H, 6a-
raaci, no^xy, — na BaronexRaxi; sjs^ich se cha^Jih h H'^ROxopue
cjiaCue nacca»HpEi (npeHMyn^ecxBeHHO AaMu). Bcio pa6oxy no
nepeABHseHiK) Ben^efi h ho^xei nponsBOAHJH npHABunyxue js^Jisi
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GojiAaxu se nepenocHJH h pyqnoK 6aras'B. Bca ny6jiHRa abh-
rajacB no MOCXRaMi.

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6iiJia yAHBHxejiBBaa. Bca ny6jiHRa (a ea 6&].io Macca) pacxa-
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BOA^*", H^TanA tfM'&Biiiefi xapaRTepi 6ypHofi p^rb. BojibmHH-

CTBO TOponHJIOCb, MHOrie (TySeMI^H) HSHUBaJIH nOA'B TflSeCT&K)

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peAHHMH HoraMH, TO HasaA'B^ — BorAa oc^Aaje saAHui hofh....

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nepeopaBBi, c^HTaa ocTaaoBBH h npo?., otuhjih bi ofin^eiCL cyTBH.
TaRi HTO BSi MepBa notsA'B ABHnyjicfl yse no pocancaHiio.

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npH HcnapeniH boau*

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8T0M1 roAy HaoaaHH na TypRecTani.

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3to — capanna. fl ee HaCjHOAajix na BceMX orpoMHOMx npocTpan-
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6b[jia H B'B 3aRacnificBo8 o6jiacTH, h sa^^cb ns'b MtcTHEixi boKcri
nocujia^iHCb HcrpedHTejiH capan^n. 06b hoB a CRasy en^e

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nepTyp6ai;ift, rofar Bce BHHManie o6pan^eHO na to, yAacTCfl jlvl
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H'bcROJibRO AHeB, — BOo6u^e bca 8Ta nenpiATHafl HeHse^THOCTB

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Bi ropax'B, Aase b% hhsbhxi li'lcTax'B, bhah&iocb mhofo cnira.
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xaBi paaeecjio, hto 6aTajioHi cojiAaTi hs'b MepBa HcnBiTaji
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xeifB B% B'ipHBifi, CA^JiaxB BRCBypciH) Bi AOJiHHy p. Hjh, 3a-
xibMi no6uBaxB b% SaHjiHcsoH'B Ajiaxay, Ha os. HccBiBi-Byjii h bi
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Ajiaxay, a sanacca cooxBixcxByioo^HMa CB^A'i^HiaMii h BapxaifH, a
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6e3HOMy coaMcxbIh) M'bcTHEJX'B Bjacxefi, B'B qacxHocxH HHBOJiaa



*) KpaiKift MapiiipyrL 3Toro uyTeuiecTBiji mhoS iiajoaieHi wb Moeit padox'fe
„<^jopa CpeAHcfi Aaitt" m. Ill, crp. 445—449.
') B. luncKiu^ ropnaa Byxapa II, 324.

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HBEHOBH^a KopojbBOBa (Gupi-AapbHHCRaro BoeHHaro ry6ep-
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Ha HccuRi-RyjiB h QpseBajiBCRx. 6) Hsi IIpseBajiBCRa b'b
b'b TepcRefi Ajiaxay h Aaji'&e ao yRpioJieHifl HapiiHi. 7) Hsi
HapBiHa Ha ARcafi ao ^axBipx-Ryjia a 8) oxx ^xapx-Ryjia
Hepesi $epraHCRifi xpe6erB b'b ABAHxaHi.

^ajiBH^Bmee onucaHie nyxemecxBia a h pacnojiosy no aiHifB
dRCRypciaMi. THncoMexpHHecRia js^slbeua, oxM'6qaeMua mhoS
AajoBme, co6paHHiifl mhoS bo BpeMa nyxemecxBin (runcoxepMO-
Mexpi Baadin 290 — 291 a anepoHA'B Naudet 429) o6pa6oTaHBi
npa coA'ificxBia ¥). M. IDoRajiBCRaro.

MnoroHBCJieHHEia pacxenia, ynoMaHaenBia mhoS sa'^cb, npeA-
cxaBjaiOTB C060H xojiBRO ^cesoHHyio* xapaRxepncxHRy 4)jiopii
Hoc^o^eHHux'B uicTh (na axo a BcerAa yRasuBaio); pacxeaia
yRasaHBi AaJieRO ne Bd, a jihhib 6oji^e nacxua hjih BBiAaio-
H^iaca. JlamaftHHRH, ba^cb noHMeHOBaHHue, onpeA'iJieHii A. A.
EjreHRHHEJM'B. 3aMiqy, hxo na ffi^ROxopux'B Bonpocax'B a cjiy-
qafiHO ocxanaBJotHBajn BHHManie. Hanp., Bopn^oai yxBepsAaji,
qxo RpanHBa ne HAex'B jsje^jkhme Ypajia Ha bocxori: ho 8x0
ORasajiocB coBepmenno neocHOBaxejiBHUM'B. IIoqxH BcerAa pacxe-
nia onpeA'^^eHEi no coCpanHBUfB aRsennjiapaM'B, ho A^HHua
nasBania ne BCerAa xo^hh (oCosnaqeH'B jibhib bha'B, p^abo
$opM£i), HO 8X0 AJifl necnei^iajiBHoS pa6oxB[ h HSJieniHe.



(96)



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I. no!fc8ffKa vb TannceHTCKift AjiaTay*

(29 nail -2 iK)Ha).

Ms'B TaniReHTa h Bu%xa,jn, 29 naa, HaifiTHBii 6jHsafiinifi
nyHBTx XoA^aB^BTx^ OTBy^a co$CTBeHHO iojixho 6uao na-
HaTbCfl CTOJE DpHBii^HoeAJflMeHfl BbiOHHoe ABHseme Ha jomaAflxi.

^0 XoAsaseHTa »e a npeAnoqeji'B ^xaib na ap5i&, ea
Tofi orpoMHOfi AByBOJofi BOjecHHi^']^, BOTopaii CBOHMH pasM^paMKi
H MysfiiBofi BHymaeTx crpaxx, CBflsaeHiifi cb OTBpan^eHieM'B, Byjib-
TypHOMy eBponefii^y. O^HaBO hh CTpamHaro, He OTBpaTHTejbHaro
OHa HH^ero He npeACTaB^aeTi. 3to ecTb BOjecHHi^a, npHCQOco6-
jeHHaa bi ifbcTHuifB ycjiOBiflMi h npHcnoco6jieHHafl BnojiH'ik pa-
syMHO. OrpoMHUfl, Bume caseHH, BOJieca HsfiasjifliorB nyTHHBa
oTb MHOrnxx neyAoCcTB'B, rapaHTHpyioTB otb naAeeia bx poBx,
rapaHTHpyioTb HO^Hoe nyTemecTBie, uepefea^'B ^epesx 6ojiBmyH>
p6By H T. A* Bennett wb TaByio BOjecHHi^y moibho HasajiHTb
orpoMHoe BOJiH^ecTBO, — HHBaBaa noHTOBaa TpofiBa He 8a6eperB
CTOibBO. BjaroAapa orpoMHUMi pasMipaiii BOjeci (botb ta^
nasBanie BOJiecHHi^a, A'^ficTBHieaibHO, bhojih^ noAxoAan^ee, xaBi
BaBi Becb aTOTx nojieaHufi HHCTpyMeHTb tojibbo h BEiA^JaeTca
CBOHMH BOjecaMH), BCflBia MejBia coTpaceHia ne qyacTBHTejibBU,
Aase 6ojibmie BaMHH hjh peitbhuu, HenpeoAOJiBMua o6bibho-
BeHHofl HOBOSBty HpoxoAaTCfl ap6oS 6ez'b aBapitf. HecMOTpa na
Maccy Bennett, bi ap6'i^ ocTaexca en^e mhofo ntcTa, vjifb mosho
ycTpOHTb nocTejb h "^xaTb Ho^bH) choboSho. Ap6aB6mi hjih
BOSHHi^a CHAHTB BepxoM'b Ha JioniaAH H ero co6cTBeHHO Moa&no
c^HTaTb Hecyn^ecTByion^HMx hjh coBepmeHHO HH^eify ne ifimaio*

H^HSfL. EAHHCTBeHHOe HeyA06CTB0 ap6u 9T0 1) MeAJieHHOCTb isAu —

TOJbRO maroifb, ho axa HeA-seHHOcrb MOJBeTb BOsnarpaAHTbca
HOqnofi isAoS, H saT^Mi 2) to He6ojbmoe paxMBqecBoe coxpa-
cenie, Boxopoe no^iyqaexca orb spynHuxi tojiobobi rBosAefi,
BUcxynaiouiHX'b na o6oA'b; 8xh fbosah ocxaBjjiioxi na seif^t
paA'b xo^eBx, HO BoxopuM'b BcerAa mosho saBJiioqHXb o npo-
xoA'i^ ap6bi; tbosah saxpyAHaioxi ntcBOJibBO ABHsenie. Ho bx
axoMy HeyAo6cxBy MOatno Ciicxpo npHBUBeyxb.

SL ynoMHHaio SA'i^Cb BCBOJibSb 061 ap6'b noxoMy, qxo bi
cyn^HOCXH mh£ npnxoAHJiocb BaepBue bt> nefi 'bxaxb caMOMy,
xoxa ap6y ynoxpe6jiaxb bx nyxemecxBiaxi a-sh nepeB03BH Ben^efi

(97) 2



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8_

npHxojpiJiocb H npesAe. 3xbch ap6a cjysflTi OAHHifB hsx o6fii-
RHOBeHHux'B cnocotfOBx nepeABHseflifl Aft^HHsOBi hsi TamKeHTa
Ha ^HMraex.

BjiaroAapn paseuMx saAepsRsaMi, & Buixajii hs'b Tam-
KeHTa He panie 8 h. aeqepa. JIhoib fiMroxapfl jyHHOfi h04h
(nojHOjyHie) mh% mosho 6ujio xote oiqacra Buxbrb ORpecTHOCTH
TamseHTa, HHvero oco6eHHaro anpo^eifb He npeACTaBMH)n^ifl,
spoM^ secTOKOfi nujH H cniomb sacrpoenHiix'B yjHi^x. fl cb
yAOBOJBCTBieiTL BnixaJix hbi ropoAa^ soTopuB mhI nopflxo^HO na-
AO'ki'B, H CTpeMHJCfl nocKopie Ao6paTbca ao npHpoAu- Ho 8to
6uJio He Tasib-TO lerBO. Cejienifl TflnyjiHCb HenpepuBHOfi jh-
Hiett. noA'b ROHei](x h pacTAHyjoi na CBoeS RaBBascBOtt CypRi
H saApeMajX} a MOfi Bosnei^a npoAOJioaji en^e xo^ro phtmb-
^ecRH HORa^HBaTbCfl Ha jomaxH, ap6a OT^HBaja rayxo rB03;uiMB.
JlHHib OROio nojiyHOMH ap6aRemx pimeix ocTaHOBHTbca na ca-
Mott Aoporb Bi RHmiaRi ^), ROToptifi OHi nasBaii flRRa6&rx,
a Ha Apyrofi Aenb Eoc-cy. Tyrb mi h ocxaHOBHiHCb ao 5 h.
yTpa cj^AyioQ^aro xha.

H Ha ci^Ayiontifi jifiBh (30 Mas) emfi npoxojisajicfl nenpe-
psiBHufi pflA'b cejiemS, TAHyBmifica orb TamReHra. CBotfoAHie
CTajo jamb sa cej. Hia36^R%. Sx'iteb ci npaBOfi CTopoHu ao-

POPH OTRpUJOCb CB060AH0e M^TO, TA^ MOSHO 6eU0 BEIl'iSTb H8X

ap6u, npofiTHCb h noco6paTb Roe-wo. HicROJbBO AaJibme naao-

Hei]('b OTRpSI^ICfl ^HpqHR'b Cb BVO OCTpOBaMH. S. BUJiiSl> H81 CBOefi

ROjecHHi^u, Bsaaii nanfiy h cxtjiajn nuueHbRyio dRCRypciio no
CRjony Ri ^ep^HRy.

Sxbcb fl namewTb i]^^^!!^ pa^'b HHTepecHEixx js^n ueus pa-
CTCHifi: Garum Tamerlani m., Schrenkia Syrdarjensis m., ^Z-
Kww tatwricum L. h -4. Sewerzom BgL, PMomis salicifolia
Rgl. t;. latifolia^ Lagochiltcs platycalyx Schr., Hedysarum tur-
kestanieum Rgl. et Schmalh., i^^^nrfa karatavica Rgl. et Schm.

HCRJK)4aA 8T0 M^CTO^ BCO BpeMfl UO AOpOfi mJIH HOJH,

saciflHHUfl nmeHHi^eB, HHor^a jbHOMi. IIo Aoporb BCTp'b^a-
jiHCb MHoro Bosa berberifdia Pall., Glycyrchiza aspera Pall.,
Potentilla bifurca L., Dodartia orientalis L., ^BtTH ROTopofi
6ujiH 8A'6cb He To.ibRO CHRAro i^B^Ta, HO H RpacHOBaTaro; Gen-
taurea iberica Trev., Acroptilon Picris Pall., Cousinia unibrosa
Bge., Bromus Danthoniae Trin., MdUotus officinalis Desr.; bx



(98)



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noc'J^Baxx BCTpiqaicA o^eHb ^acxo BacH^ieB'^ CentatMrea depressa
MB. nocj'&AHia npexcTEBJiAerB hsx ce6fl Becbiia BpacHBoe pa-
creHie^ Boropoe coBepmeHBO saMtHAerb b% sA'bniHHxx noc&Baxx
Hami o6uBHOBeHHufi sacHJieKi (Centaur ea Cyanus L.)> ho no*
sajyB eme apacHB'&ey jHmb MeHbme pocTOMi. BHA'b btot'b
BecbMa pacnpocTpaHeHx B'b HHSMeHHOCTxx'b CpeAeefi Asin, Bcxpi-
qaexcfl HO ToibRO ea Bcem rpoMaAHOirb npoTAseeiH CpeAoefi
AbIh (orb Sasacn. o6j. ao HhaIh), ho h bi A^pbrI ^).

J]^ai'6e BCTptqa^HCb copHsifl pacTenifl Turgenia lali folia
Hoftai., Oichorium Intybus L., Macca AegUops cylindrica Host.^
Elymus Caput Medusae L., Hordeum, Bumex h ;ip. /I^opora
CB KHnuaRavH HAerb AOJiHHOfi, mepHHofi bi H'icROjbRO Bepcrx.
Saxiifb Ba^HHaiOTCfl npeAropbfl, bojhbctbia, CRJiaA^aTUH, npn-
^eu'b cjiisa orb Aopora HAyrx vb bha'& jihhIh beixoau RaiieHH-
CTOfi HopoAu, eii\e Aajbme eajtb yse ropu, noBpsiTEiB cwb-
TOWh. CH'JtroB'b 6u;io bhaho AOBO^ibHO MHoro. npeAropbfl jme
nopflAO^Ho uosieATbjiB. HeCMOipa ea cboCoahua M'^cxa n ao-

BOOIbHO SHa^HTeJbHOe ROJH^eCTBO BjaROBb) fl Be MOr'b SaM^TBTb

iiesAT BB^'B ROBUJifl (Stipa).

Bi lOVs ^' yvpa, nocji'6 H'bcROJbRHxi ^acoBi isAU, mu
ociaHOBHJiHCb A<ifl OTAbixa H naeuHTifl bi HcBaHA^pi. Mhmo

HaCX COJAftTU npOFHaJH nopflAOHHOfi Be^H^HHU CTaAO BOpOBl H

noRjia»y na BepC^fOAaxi B'b ropu. TaM-b bi ropaxi ohh na-
cyrb 8T0 6aTajioHHOo cxaAO Micfli^a ABa na hoahoshomx sopMy.
He BHaio, ROMy 6o;ibnie bx npoRx btoti noAHOiRHsifi Ropifb,
coJAaxaifb Hju RopoBaMi. 9th pasHUfl hoapoChocth mh^ pas-
CRasuBajx npHROMaBAopoBaHHufi ro m h^ A^Liirn'rb-nepeBOA^HB'b
Kajiay, Roxoparo a BCxp'ixHJix HOAajieRO HcRaHAepa; ero a yea-
ABJix noTOMi Cb co6ott Bx ap6y.

Hsi HcRaHAepa mu BuixajiH bi 12 q. aha. ^ojiHHa ao-
cxeuoHHO cxysHBaexcfl Rsepxy, ropu acho o6o8HaqajiHCb japHMO
nepeAO hhoS. y xaRi BasuBaro Masapa (RAaACHn^e, ho Rpoifi



') Btoti BacRJieR'b (Centaurea depressa MB.) uesixj nponnM'B HaxoxHTb
nocTOiiHno na MyMiiiz'b bi> ErHurb: obi bxoahii bi hhcjo tIixi ub^tobi, nai
ROTopuxb cDJeiajHCb BiuKH) uaxoAHMue Ba rojOBaxi» MyMin. £cjih Rcno-

UHHTb, HTO y BaCb B'b MajOpOCCiH 1131 BaCHlbKOBl TOSO nOCTOAHHO ujeiyTii

BiHKH, KaRi OAHO 1181 lyHiuHxi yKpameeifi (h cneaiajibHO bo BpeMA ;KaTBu),
TO oneBHAHo, HTo ciiMnaTifl qeJOBina bi» BacHjiBRaMT* TJineTCH ote r.iy6oROft
ApeBHOCTH. He roBopn y«e o FepMaHiif, ut BaciueKii iirpaerb pojb na-
uioHaibuott 3H6ievu.

(99) 2*



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10

Toro HM'ieTCA ABi ^afiHuxi— ^qafi-xaH^") o6osBMii]ica. bhxoa'b
AOBOjbHO RpynHuxi BajyHOBi. 9tb buxoau noBTopHJiHCb emfi
HtCBOJibKO pasi. Topu TflHyjBCb no o6i CToponu xoporn no^TB
napajijeJibBO pi^si. A sar^M'b y XoAsaReoTa no xy cropony
ptBB Xync^Hi, BnaAaioniefi bi ^apqasiy HAerB nepsaji rp^Aa —
no^TB nepneHABsy^BpHO bi p. ^ap^BKi. dra rpBAa h sanBpaer'B
AOJiBBy, no ROTopofl Mfii ABBrajiBCb. Jl^ajbrne, o^eBBAHO, cjii-


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Online LibraryVladimir Ippolitoritch LipskiOn the mountain regions of Russian Turkestan, Thian-Shan. → online text (page 1 of 15)