has been extended somewhat by the addition of a portion of a subse-
quent enclosure of waste land. The house known as " Silk Hall" is a
three-storied building, built in 1764 by Mr. Ralph Richardson, for a
residence and for the purpose of his business as a chapman in silks,
whence the name was derived. On the south-west front is a gabled
projection, forming the porch on the ground-floor, and over the doorway
are the initials " R S R " (Ralph and Susannah Richardson), and the
date of erection, " 1764." Since the exchange, the house has been
appropriated as a manse.
A sum of ^30 was added to the endowment by bequest of Mrs.
Mary Guest, of Manchester. The deed of conveyance, endorsed, " 1st
December, 1773, — Mrs. Guest's Donation of ^^30, settled in trust to
the use of a Dissenting Minister at Tockholes," is abstracted below : —
Indenture, made Dec. ist 1773, between John Mellor, of Manchester, sole acting
executor of the last Will of Mary Guest, late of Manchester, Widow, deceased, of the
one part, and Adam Richardson, senior, of Tockholes, yeoman, James Marsden, of
Blackburn, yeoman, Peter Marsden of Rivington, yeoman, Robert Dewhurst, of
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
Withnell, yeoman, John Bury, of Withnell, yeoman, and Lawrence Halliwell, ol
Lower Darwen, yeoman, of the other part, hereinafter mentioned, witnesseth and it is
hereby declared and agreed by and between the parties to these presents, that a sum
"^ £3° li^s been paid by John Mellor as trustee for Mary Guest to the said persons
upon trust that they shall place out the said sum of ;^30 at interest, or lay out the
same in purchasing an estate or land of inheritance, and shall employ the yearly
interest, so long as the laws of this Realm will permit, towards the finding, providing,
and maintaining of an able, godly, pious preaching and teaching Protestant Minister
or Ministers (such as are now usually called Protestant Dissenting Ministers) of the
Presbyterian or Independent Denomination, at a chappel or Meeting-house at Tock-
holes, in the parish of Blackburn and the county of Lancaster aforesaid (wherein
James M'Quhae now officiates as minister), or at such other chappel or Meeting-
house as the congregation thereto belonging, or the major part thereof, shall hereafter
erect within the parish of Blackburn, and for want of such chappel or Meeting-house
belonging to the said congregation, and upon the cessation of public worship therein,
then for and towards the finding and maintaining of a Protestant Dissenting Minister
OLD NONCONFORMIST MEETING-HOUSE, TOCKHOLES. 703
at such other chappel or Meeting-house of the denomination aforesaid as to the said
trustees shall seem proper, giving preference to such chappel of the said Denomination
(if any such there be) within the parish of Blackburn. Provided always that if the
laws of this Realm should disallow the public worship of the said Denomination, then
and in such case the then trustees shall employ the produce of the said £^0 to the
benefit of such laborious poor as they shall think proper. Provided also that if after
a prohibition of the said worship the laws shall re-grant a Toleration, the produce of
the said £^0 shall revert to the support of the Ministry of the said Denomination in
the said chappel at Tockholes. And for the perpetual performance of the above uses,
trusts, &c., it is declared that when death shall reduce the number of the said Trustees
to three or under, that then the surviving trustees shall with all convenient speed elect
fit and proper persons, being Protestant Dissenters, and such as statedly attend on
public worship of the Presbyterian or Independent Denomination within the said
parish of Blackburn, to be Trustees with them or him so surviving to make up the
number six or three at the least. (Signed) John Meli.or.
In the Parliamentary Return of Owners of Land, made in 1875,
the lands held by the Trustees of Tockholes Independent Chapel are
stated at 11^ statute acres, with an annual rental of ;^4i 2 s.
The successor of Mr. Towers as minister was the Rev. James Scott,
who settled in 175°- Mr. Scott remained until 1754, when he removed
to Heckmondwike, in Yorkshire, where he became tutor of a Dissenting
Academy. Following Mr. Scott was Mr. Mercer, who came in 1754,
and left in 1755. The next pastor was the Rev. Thomas Waldegrave, a
preacher of note. He was a native of Norwich, son of Henry Walde-
grave, a Roman Catholic gentleman whose estate was confiscated for his
part in the Jacobite rising of 1745. The son became a Congregational
Protestant, and attached himself to the Old Meeting-House at Norwich,
of which Dr. Wood then was minister. He studied for the ministry
under Mr. Scott, at Heckmondwike, and came to Tockholes in 1755.
He removed to Bury St. Edmunds in 1771, and died in 181 2. Rev.
James M'Quhae succeeded him, and was minister here about seven years
before his removal to Blackburn, where he founded the first Congrega-
tional Church in 1778. (Seeante, p. 360.) In 1779 there were 74 house-
holding families in attendance at this chapel, numbering 330 persons.
I add a list of Ministers of this Nonconformist community since 1672. The
duration of the two first pastorates is somewhat doubtful : — John Harvie 1672-1680 (?) ;
Robert Waddington 1682-1715; Peter Valentine 1715-1721; James Towers 1722-
1749; James Scott 1750-1754; — Mercer, 1 754- 1 755 ; Thomas Waldegrave 1755-
1771 ; James M'Quhae, 1771-1778; — Grimshaw 1779-1782 (removed to Forton,
and died there, in 1838, aged 96) ; Noah Blackburn, 1782-1786 ; Thomas Whiteley,
1787-1819 (died at Preston, aged 82, Jan 9th, 1843) ; Joseph Speakman, 1822-1830;
Richard Pearson 1831 ; John Birkby 1832-1834; J. Porter, 1836-1838; John Pen-
kethman, 1840-1848 (died at Tockholes, May 1st, 1848) ; Robert Abram, 1849-1852
(died at Tockholes, July 30th, 1852) ; Charles Bingley, 1853-1857 ; Horrocks Cocks,
1857-1861 ; R. Crookall, 1861-1865; J. Robinson, 1867-1875; Robert Allan 1876
HISTORY OF BLACKBURN.
The Old Meeting-House at Tockholes occupies a site in the lower
portion of the township. Its front aspect is shown in the engraving.
Its plan is a parallelogram, about 41ft. by 26ft., with vestry in the rear.
The two main doorways are square-headed, with splayed jambs and
lintels. The original mullion windows have recently been replaced by
plain modem lights. A stone bell-cot stands upon the west gable,
supported on pillars. Surrounding the chapel is a graveyard, which has
been several times extended. Internally, the meeting-house has the
pulpit in the centre, against the north wall ; an aisle traverses the midst
of the chapel lengthwise, and two short aisles lead from the entrances
across the chapel. There are galleries on three sides of the chapel.
The west gallery was inserted in 1777, when the edifice was re-roofed ;
the east gallery was added in 1780, and the front gallery in 1822.
In the area, most of the original pews remain, bearing the initials of the
first occupants, and the dates " 1710" and " 1711." The former prac-
tice of burial within places of worship was observed by many of the
families connected with this place, and the ground beneath the chapel
floor encloses a large number of occupied graves. It was the usage to
allow persons to inter under their respective pews.
A short distance from the old Meeting-house is a chapel known as
" Bethesda Chapel," built in 1803, by a seceding party of the congrega-
tion. The seceders, who joined Lady Huntingdon's Connexion, after
some years rejoined the original congregation. " Bethesda Chapel "
then remained closed for a considerable period. In the year 1851, the
minister and congregation of the Old Meeting-house purchased and
restored the chapel, and it has since been used for occasional services.
" Bethesda Chapel" is a good-sized structure, and has a graveyard.
Tockholes School. — Early in the last century, a school-house was built in
Tockholes, the existence of which was reported to Bishop Gastrell about the year
1718, who records : — " There is a School-house lately erected in Tockholes ; the only
endowment is 20s., the interest of which is applied to the repairs of the building by
the Trustees, William Walmsley, James Marsden, James Walmsley, and Robert
Aytock [Eatough]. The three last are Presbyterians [Nonconformists], and, as might
be expected, Wm. Sanderson, a Presbyterian, is lately come to teach at the said
school." Nothing appears respecting the subsequent maintenance of this schooL The
present building for the National School adjoins the church-yard.
George Blore's Charity. — Particulars of this charity have been given under
Livesey township (p. 586). In 1786, the portion of Blore's gift belonging to Tock-
holes, being ..£'16, was in the hands of John Anderton and Ralph Richardson, and
yielded l6s. a year. In 1794, Mr. William Pickering received ;£'i I 19s., as part of
this gift (the rest having been lost), and he still held the sum in 1825.
CHAPTER XIX.— THE TOWNSHIP OF WALTON-IN-LE-DALE.
Situation— Topography— Acreage— Manufactures— Population— Local Government— Descent of the
Manor— Banastre Family -Langtons— Hoghtons as lords— Walton Hall and Hoghton Tower-
Old Freeholding Families and later Landowners— Atherton—Banester of Banister Hall— Burscoe—
Calrow—Kuerden(Jackson>-OsbaIdeston—Pedder— Serjeant— Walton of Little Walton— Walmes-
ley, and Winckley of Banister Hall— Woodcock of Cuerden and Walton— Woodcock of Lemon
House, Walton— The Church of St. Leonard <Low Church)— St. Saviour's Church, Bamber
Bridge— All Saints Church, Higher Walton— Roman Catholic Chapels of St. Marie, Brownedge,
and of St. Patrick, Walton Village— Old Presbyterian Chapel— Wesleyan Chapels— Walton
Schools — Walton Charities.
WALTON-IN-LE-DALE township extends about two miles
along the left bank of the Ribble, opposite to the town
of Preston and its eastern suburb of Fishwick ; and from the river
extends southwards nearly three miles to the stream of Lostock, the
boundary of Leyland Parish. Its name describes its position in the
lowland of the Lower Ribble, but the territorial surface of the township
is broken by the ridges of low hills in the vicinity of that river. The
river Darwen divides the township into two parts, and joins the Ribble
in the demesne of the old manor-house of Walton. The acreage of
Walton is large, amounting to 4630 statute acres. The Cotton Manu-
facture is represented by several mills in Walton village, and in the
villages of Moon's Mill and Bamber Bridge. This industry has enabled
the population to increase steadily. In 1801, Walton township con-
tained 3832 persons ; in 1811, 4776 ; in 1821, 5740 ; in 1831, 5767 ;
in 1841, 6659 ; in 1851, 6855 ; in 1861, 7383 ; and in 1871, 8187. In
1877 the numbers approach 9000 persons. The township this year (1877)
has been placed under the government of a Local Board of Health.
In seven centuries and a half the manor of Walton has been held
in succession by representatives of the three families of Banastre, Lang-
ton, and Hoghton, as follows.
BANASTRE, LORDS OF NEWTON AND WALTON-IN-LE-DALE.
Robert Banastre, the first of his race who settled in Lancashire,
was descended from Robert Banastre, said to have come to England
with the Conqueror, who had a grant of Prestatyn, N. Wales. Robert
7o6 HISTORY OF BLACKBURN.
Banastre had the lordship of the Fee of Makerfield, which gave to his
descendants the feudal title of Baron ; and, about the year 1130, Henry
de Lascy gave to Robert Banastre Walatun (Walton), with its members,
Melver, Eccleshull, Harawuda, and the two Derwentas, " for the service
of one knight." This Robert Banastre had three sons, — the first,
Richard Banastre, died, s.^., before 1204, and his brother Warin became
his heir ; the second, Warin, who also died without issue, was succeeded
by the third brother, Thurstan.
Thurstan Banastre came into possession of the estates in 1 2 1 5, and
died in 1218 or 1 2 19. By his wife Cecilia he had two sons, Robert, the
heir ; and Thurstan Banastre, who had a grant from his brother of lands
at Newton in Wirral, Co. Chester.
Robert Banastre being an infant of about a year old at the time of
his father's death, his wardship and marriage were sold for 500 marks to
Phillip de Orreby, Justice of Chester. He died, aged about 24 years,
before July 27th, 1242, having had issue, by his wife dementia, sons,
John, who died in infancy, in 1241 ; and Robert, who was heir.
Robert Banastre, being a child when his father died, was left in
ward to the Prior of Penwortham. In nth Edw. I. (1283) Robert Ban-
astre, Knight, gave lands at Walton to Stanlaw (Whalley) Abbey. His
wife was Alice, daughter of Gilbert Wodecoke, and he had one son,
James ; and a daughter dementia, who married William de Lea, and
died before Feb. 8th, 1290. She was mother of Sir Henry de Lea, and
of Sibilla, wife of Sir Richard Hoghton. Robert Banastre appears as
lord of Makerfield in 1278; was living in 1289, but was dead before
1292. Alice Banastre, his relict, quit-claimed to Stanlaw Abbey her
right in land given thereto by her husband.
James Banastre, son of Robert, died in his father's lifetime, leaving
issue, by his wife Elena, daughter of Wm. le Botiler, Baron of Warring-
ton, a daughter Alice, who by her father's death became next heir of
her grandfather. Before 1295, the marriage of this heiress was granted
by Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, to John de Langton. Alice de Langton
was living in 1304, but died before 18 Edward H.
LANGTON, BARONS OF NEWTON AND LORDS OF WALTON.
John de Langton was son of Robert de Langton of West Langton,
Co. Leicester, and brother of John de Langton, Bishop of Chichester.
By his marriage with Alice Banastre he assumed the lordship of Walton-
in-le-Dale and of Newton. In 1300, at the instance of his brother, after-
wards bishop, and then Chancellor to Edward the First, the King granted
to John de Langton a charter of markets and fairs and free warren in
Newton and Walton. The weekly market and a yearly fair of three days in
LANGTON, LORDS OF WALTON, 707
Walton are thus specified : — " Et tinum mercatum singulis septimanis per
diem Jovis apud manerium suitm de Waleton in la Dale, et tinam feriam
singulis annis ibidem per ires dies duraUcrum videlicet in vigilia et in die et
incrastino Sancti Luce Evangeliste." John de Langton was Hving in 1332.
He had sons, Robert, the heir ; and John de Langton, who was pre-
sented by his brother to the Church of Wigan in 1334.
Robert de Langton, knighted in 1330, in 1349 was holding in de-
mesne and service two carucates of land in Walton-in-le-Dale, one caru-
cate in Over Darvvent, two carucates in Nether Darwent, one carucate
in Mellor and Eccleshill, and one carucate in Harwood Parva, for one
knight's fee. By Margaret his wife. Sir Robert de Langton had sons,
John ; Richard (probably Rector of Wigan in 1359); and Robert (from
whom descended the Langtons of Lowe in Hindley). The father died
Sept. 26th, 136 1, seized (by the inquisition) of the manor of Newton,
&c.; and the manor of Waleton in the Dale with appurtenances, by
knight service ; there was in the same manor one capital messuage ; and
in that demesne fourscore acres worth yearly per acre i5d.; and twenty
acres worth 20s.; and two water-mills and one fishery worth yearly £,i,\
with rents of free tenants there, 104s. 9}^d.; and rents of tenants-at-will
yearly £,<) 17s. 4d.; sum of the yearly value of the manor of Walton
;^24 2S. id.; of the manor of Newton ^17 i6s. gd.
John de Langton, the first son, died in his father's lifetime, before
1361, leaving a son and heir Ralph, who was found to be 21 years old
at his grandsire's decease ; and a younger son Richard.
Ralph de Langton, who succeeded his grandfather, was knighted.
He married Johanna, daughter of William de Radcliffe, and had issue,
sons, Henry, Nicholas, Thomas, and Geoffrey ; and a daughter Isabel,
wife of Sir Richard Venables, Baron of Kinderton. Sir Ralph died
about 1406. His widow was living in 1420.
Henry de Langton, Esq., next representative, married, about 1391,
Agnes, daughter of John de Davenport, and had a son and heir Ralph ;
younger sons, Hugh, James, Thomas, George, and Oliver (all named in
a settlement dated 1422); and a daughter Isabel, wife of Thomas de
Osbaldeston. Henry de Langton died Sept. 14th, 141 9, and the Inq.
post mart, dated 21st Oct., 1419, sets forth that Ralph de Langton being
seized of the manor of Walton and the advowson of Wigan Church, by
deed dated at Walton, 15th Ric. II., gave to his son Henry de Langton,
and Agnes his wife, 15 messuages, 160 acres of land, 20 acres meadow,
20 acres woodland, 20 acres moor, 100 acres pasture, parcel of the said
manor of Walton, &c.; and Henry de Langton had died seized of that
manor and advowson, and of the Manor of Newton and other estates.
Agnes de Langton, his widow, was living in 1422.
jo8 HISTORY OF BLACKBURN.
Ralph de Langton was son and heir, aged 23 in 1419. By Alice
his wife he had a son Henry. The father was knighted, and Ralph de
Langton, Knt., died the 26th Feb., 143 1, having settled his estates ten
years before (1421). His heir, Henry, was aged 12 years in 1432.
Henry de Langton, Esq., by Elizabeth his wife (she died Nov.
17th, 1472), had a son Richard ; and a daughter Joan, wife, in 1472, of
Richard Sherburne of Stonyhurst, Esq. Henry de Langton died Sept.
13th, 147 1, aged 52. He had granted his estates of Walton and
Newton, with 100 marks yearly, in trust to James Harrington, Knt.,
Walter Wrothesley, Knt., John Banastre, son of William, of Lostock,
and James Banastre, chaplain.
Richard Langton, his son, was made a knight-bannaret at Hutton
Field in 1482. He married Isabella, daughter of Sir Thomas Gerard
of Bryn (she survived him, and was living in 1516), and had issue, sons,
Ralph ; and Henry (who had an annuity from his father in 1489) ; and
daughters, Jane, wife of Thomas Rigmaden of Wedacre ; Ellen, wife
of Sir John South worth of Samlesbury ; Elizabeth, wife of John Clay-
ton of Clayton ; and Isabel. Sir Richard Langton died Aug. 23rd,
Ralph Langton, Esq., aged 26 in 1500, married, in 1490, Joan,
daughter of Sir Christr. Southworth, Knt. (she died in 1 505), and had
sons, Richard; Thomas ; and William (living in 1558, died at Walton) j
and daughters, Elizabeth, wife, first, of Nicholas Banastre of Altham,
secondly, of Henry Byrom of Byrom ; Isabel, wife of Richard
Skellicorn ; and Jane, wife of Thurstan Tyldesley of Wardley. Ralph
Langton died July 29th, 1503. Richard, his eldest son, died June i6th,
151 1, aged 17 years, unmarried, and Thomas, his brother, thus became
Thomas Langton, aged 14 when his brother died in 151 1, was ward
of Sir Edw. Stanley, Knt., Lord Monteagle, whose daughter Elizabeth was
his first wife; she died in 1533, and left issue, sons, Edward ; Richard
(Rector of Wigan) ; Thomas ; George : Anthony ; Francis ; Leonard
(of whom hereafter) ; and Christopher ; and daughters, Johanna, wife of
John Fleetwood of Penwortham ; Jane, wife of Richard Fitzherbert ;
Anne, wife of John Bold, gent.; Mary, wife, first, of Thomas Byrom,
secondly, of Edward Winstanley ; and Eleanor, wife of Edward
Cholmondeley of Coppenhall. Thomas Langton married, secondly,
Anne, daughter of Thomas Talbot, and had by her sons, Roger,
living in 1542; Edward, living in 1582; and William, living
in 1562; and a daughter Catherine. Thomas Langton was
Knight of the Shire in 1554, and was Sheriff of Lancashire in 1556
and 1567. Sir Thomas Langton died in 1569, aged 72. His Will is
LANGTON, LORDS OF WALTON. 709
dated April 4th, 1569. Testator describes his estates as consisting of
600 messuages with gardens and orchards, 12 mills, 27,000 acres of land
(customary measure), three-score pounds in rents, &c.; which had been
conveyed to feoffees ; desires to be buried in the chancel of Lawe
[Walton] Church ; names son Edward ; several daughters; and "cousin"
(grandson) Thomas, heir apparent. Dame Anne Langton, widow of Sir
Thomas, died in 1572 ; her Will bears date April 23rd, 14th Eliz., and
was proved in June, 1573.
Edward Langton, eldest son of Sir Thomas, had to wife Anne,
daughter of Sir Alexander Osbaldeston, by whom he had a son Thomas,
who died in infancy. Edward Langton died in his father's lifetime,
before 1558, and his widow died before 1566. The five next brothers
of Edward were all dead, without issue, in 1558.
Leonard Langton, sixth son of Sir Thomas, living in 1558, died in
his father's lifetime before 1562 ; but by his wife Ann (widow of Wni.
Singleton and daughter of Thos. Leybume), he had a son Thomas, born
in ■1561, who was his grandsire's heir in 1569.
Thomas Langton had been betrothed in childhood to Margaret,
daughter of Richard Sherburne, Esq., but the marriage contract was dis-
solved in r58o, and at the age of 19 Thomas Langton married Elizabeth,
daughter of Sir John Savage of Clifton. He had no issue. In 1 5^9,
he was sore wounded in a faction fight at Lea Hall, with Thomas
Hoghton, Esq., and his retainers. Mr. Hoghton was killed in the fray,
and Thomas Langton is supposed to have ceded his manor of Walton
to the Hoghtons in condonation of that mischance.
In the possession of the Hoghton family there was an exemplification dated
19 Feby., 33 Eliz., of a certificate given under hand and seal of certain justices of
the peace, the Sheriff and under-Sheriff, dated at Lathom, 7th Jany., 32 Eliz.,
which was abstracted by Christopher Towneley, and is to be found in a volume of
Hoghton evidences in the library at Towneley Hall, from which the following is
extracted (kindly communicated by Mr. Wm. Langton): — "To the Queen, &c. — Certifi-
cate of Edward Earl of Derby, the Sherifie, and of 16 justices of the peace, 7th Jany. ,
32 Eliz., (1590), that Friday 21st Nov. (1589), Ann Hoghton, late wife of Thomas
Hoghton, Esq., gave information to the earl of Derby & Sir Richard Shirburne that a
great riot had been made with armour & weapons at the Lea, in which Thomas
Hoghton her husband and Richard Baldwin, late lenant to ye Barron, were slain.
They ordered watch and ward to be kept, whereupon Thomas Langton, Esq., being
sore wounded and accused to be an offender in the said action, was presently appre-
hended lying in his bed at Broughton Tower and committed to safe keeping, and
likewise one Thomazene Singleton, widow, and others. Special sessions of the peace
summoned same month, and 24 persons called. No sufficient jurors appeared for 2
days. Three that did appear were challenged ; no presentment could be made ;
evidence proved that Thomazene Singleton, widow, late wife of John Singleton of
Staining, in right of herself and daughters Alice and Elizabeth, pretended to a good
liiht in certain oxen, kyne and other cattle which were 20th November pasturing on
HISTORY OF BLACKBURN.
the Ley, being the soil and inheritance of Thomas Hoghton, and adjoining his
mansion house called the Lea, and whereof he had been in quiet possession for 2 years at
least ; and because the said cattle were before that time removed from the pasture in
Staining which belonged to John Singleton by one George Singleton his brother who
also claimed them, therefore William Anderton of the Forde, a near kinsman of
Thomazene Singleton, on Thursday, 20th November at Walton-le-Dale required the
ayde of Thomas Langton to take the said cattle from Lea, and Thomas Langton
being persuaded that they might be lawfully taken, he ordered Edmund Toogood and
James Mare to summon sundry of his tenants in Walton to accompany him with their
weapons the same evening, and did also require then and there the assistance of
Thomas Singleton of Broughton, Esq., for the execution of the said attempt. So
Thomas Langton of Walton, Esq., William Anderton of Anderton, Esq., Thomazene
Singleton, of Staining (and then follows a list chiefly yeomen of Staining, Broughton,
Walton, Anderton, and among the rest one Francis Langton) armed with long pickes,
gunnes, long staves, welshe-hooks upon long staves, swords & dagges, bows and
arrows and bills, on 20th November at 11 at night assembled at Preston-Marsh about
2 miles from Lea, and agreed to go and drive away the cattle. They took a watch-
word "The crow is white." Arriving about one after midnight, 20th Novr., Thomas
Langton and the others divided into 2 parts and entered the close, viz., I company
entering by the gate leading to the upper court of the Mansion House, the other tooke