W. H. 4n Lever.

History of Sanpete and Emery counties, Utah : with sketches of cities, towns and villages, chronology of important events, records of Indian wars, portraits of prominent persons, and biographies of representative citizens online

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Online LibraryW. H. 4n LeverHistory of Sanpete and Emery counties, Utah : with sketches of cities, towns and villages, chronology of important events, records of Indian wars, portraits of prominent persons, and biographies of representative citizens → online text (page 1 of 54)
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M. L.



833 01067 1227





Sanpete ^ind Emery
Counties ■>















History of Sanpete County 11

Sanpete Chronology 45

History of Manti 76

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Manti 95

History of Mt. Pleasant 201

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Mt. Pleasant 228

History of Ephraim 281

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Ephraim 293

History of Fairview 351

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Fairview 358

History of Moroni 395

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Moroni 402

History of Gunnison 435

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Gunnison 444

History of Spring City J:72

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Spring City 477

History of Fountain Green 50H

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Fountain Green 513

History of Mayfield 536

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Mayfield 539

History of Wales 5^''

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Wales 548

History of Chester 555

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Chester 500

History of I^ayette 5<)5

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Fayette 567


History of Sterling o72

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Sterling 575

History of Milburn -"JSl

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Milburn 582

History of Indianola 589

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Indianola 590


History of Emery County 598

History of Castle Dale <) 10

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Castle Dale Oil

History of Cleveland 622

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Cleveland 623

History of Desert Lake 627

History of Emery 628

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Emery 629

History of Perron 635

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Ferron 636

History of Green River 044

History of Huntington 645

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Huntington .... 646

History of Lawrence 665

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Lawrence 666

History of Molen 668

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Molen 669

History of Orangeville 673

Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Orangeville 675

History of Woodside 682


Almost half a century has elapsed since the bold
pioneers entered Sani^ete Valley to make homes amidst
the savage Indians and barren deserts of sagebrush. The
veterans of '49 have nearly all disappeared from the val-
leys where they chased the redmen, erected homes and
conquered the arid lands, converting Sanpete into a veri-
table agricultural paradise. Many of the sons and daugh-
ters have crossed the mountains in quest of new vales to
conquer, and it is fitting that at this time a comprehen-
sive histoiy should be compiled. The book here pre-
sented will be preserved as one of the most valuable
family treasures, beneficial for its pages of histoiy, gene-
alogy, biography, commercial and educational records
and the familiar features of representative citizens.

The publisher has labored at great disadvantage in
compiling this book, because such a work has never been
issued and data could not easily be collected. There may
be some errors in dates and omissions of events of minor
importance, as is always the case in the first issue of such
a volume, but the most searching efforts have been made
to have it a reliable and comprehensive work. The
authorities consulted were: The biographical sketches
of over one thousand residents of Sanpete and Emery


counties; personal diaries and journals of many pioneers;
county, town and church records; official State reports
and statistics; Utah histories, gazetteers, directories and
similar publications; files of newspapers published in the
county and State; and personal interviews of some of the
most active and best informed citizens.

Our thanks are especially due Eev. G. W. Martin
and the Church lleview, for data concerning the Presby-
terian missions; Eev. J. D. Gillilan for information as to
the history of Methodism; William H. Peacock for the
use of several records of his father's — Hon. George Pea-
cock; Mrs. A. B. Sidwell for reminiscences, and many
others who have made coiTections and offered sugges-
tions when the manuscript has been submitted. The
publisher feels that he has fulfilled evei-y obligation and
given the subscribers all he promised, and therefore asks
a full, earnest and impartial review of tlie work, when
all will agree that it is certainly a gem and well worth
the time and money expended in its compilation.



October 2, 1898.


SANPETE COUNTY occupies a central position in the
group of natural divisions comprising the State of
Utah. It includes all of the rich valley of the San-
pitch, with an elevation of between 5000 and 6000 feet
above sea level, being bounded on the north by Utah,
east by Emery, south by Sevier and west by Millard and
Juab counties. The Wasatch mountains form a perfect
natural watershed and eastern boundary line, dividing
the snow reservoirs on the summit, and supplying numer-
ous streams for irrigating the cultivated area in the val-
ley. A similar boundary is formed on the west by the
Sanpitch mountains, thus enclosing one of the most de-
lightful valleys of Utah. The Sanpitch river llo^\'s
through the valley, from north to south, being fed b}'
numerous streams and siDrings from the snow banks of
the mountains. The names of river, valley and county
are derived from a tribe of Indians, who made this lovely
mountain dale a hunting ground before being conquered
by the white men. A remnant of this tribe yet remains
in Thistle Valley, in the northern part of this county, on
lands donated to them by the people who made of this
county the preseut great ''Granar-y of Utah.'' This high
mountain-walled home of the dusky Sanpitch natives is
now distinctly marked as Sanpete county, and contains
about 1820 square miles, being 60 miles in length aud
having an average width of 30 miles. The great alti-
tude, fertile soil, abundant Avater and protection from


storms make it a most healthful and desirable location.
The present population numbers probably 18,000 in-
dustrious and energetic citizens, devoted to their homes
and countiy, enjoying health, wealth and happiness amid
their peaceful and comfortable surroundings. Farming,
stockraising and Avool-growing are the chief industries,
and no valley of similar dimensions in the Great West
produces more of the fruits of field and range than this
county. The fifteen beautiful cities, towns and villages
comprising the county attest the industry of the pioneers
and their sons and daughters in converting the sage
brush desert into a veritable mountain paradise, free
from drouths, cyclones and the plagues and storms of
many less fortunately located sections. With two rail-
ways passing through the valley, the development of
mineral resources and the increasing of water supply for
reclaiming more of the desert, Sanpete county has a fu-
ture not sui'passed by any county within the borders of
the State.


When the Utah pioneers had secured homes in Salt
Lake Valley and were preparing to convert the desert
into fruitful fields, a delegation of Ute Indians, under
Chief Walker, appeared in Salt Lake City, June 14, 1849,
and requested colonists for Sanpitch Valley, to teach the
natives how to build homes and till the soil. An explor-
ing party, consisting of Joseph Horn, W. W. Phelps, Ira
Willes and D. B. Huntington, left in August, and with
Walker as a guide, entered the beautiful Sanpitch Val-
ley, crossing the divide from Salt Creek canyon, and
reached the present site of Manti, August 20, 1849. They
were royally entertained by the savages, and after a few
days returned and reported everything favorable for
founding a colony.


A company of about fifty families from Salt Lalve
City and Centerville was organized and started late in
the fall for Sanpitoii Valley. The commanders were
Isaac iMorley, Setli Taft and Charles Shumway, who rep-
resented the civil and ecclesiastical authorities and Nel-
son Higgins the militars'. Among the original pioneers
were the following men, some being accompanied by
their families: D. B. Huntington, Barne}^ Ward, John
Lowry, Sr., Titus Billings, G. W. Bradley, Albert Petty,
O. S. Cox, Albert Smith, Jezreel Shomaker, Cjrenus H.
Taylor, Azariah Smith, Abram Washburn, John D.
Chase, Isaac Case, Sylvester Hulet, William Potter^
Gardner Potter, James Brown, Joseph Allen, M. D. Ham-
ilton, William Richej', Harrison Fugate, Sylvester Wil-
cox, Gad Yale, John Carter, Isaac Behunnin, William
Mendenhall, Edwin Whiting, William Tubbs, John Hart,
John Baker, John Elmer, John Butterfield, Amos Gustin,
John Cable and AY. K. Smith.

The company cleared roads, built bridges and suc-
cessfully passed through Salt Creek canyon without any
great hardships, and moved to the south in quest of a
suitable location. Some wanted to pitch camp at Shum-
way Springs, but better counsel prevailed, and the pres-
ent site of Manti was selected as the frontier town of cen-
tral and southern Utah. The first camp was made on
City Creek on the evening of November 22, 184:9, and tem-
porally houses made of wagon boxes, comprised the town.
In a few days the snow began falling and continued al-
most incessantly until the ground was covered to a depth
of three feet or more, and the colony changed quarters to
the south side of temple hill, where some families had
dugouts, while others occupied their improvised wagons
and tents.

That winter was most severe and the snow fell to a
gTeater depth than ever was known to the Indians, and


the equal has never since been recorded. Men and boys
were engaged almost daily in shoveling snow in winrows
to bare the grass and furnish shelter and food for the
starving cattle. Even the horns of cows and oxen were
sharpened by filing, to give them better means of defense
in figliting wild animals, and enable them to break
through the crust of the frozen snow in search of the dry
grass. Of the two hundred and forty head of cattle
brought in by the colonists, only one hundred and tliir-
teen Avere living the following June. The Indians camped
around the colony greedily devoured the dead animals
and praised their white neighbors for giving them the
beef to ward off staiwation.

When the camp was made and all was in readiness
for the winter, a company of twelve, under the command
of Jerome Bradley, was sent back to Salt Lake City after
provisions. TheA' loaded their supplies and started for
Manti, but wei'e detained at Provo, on account of re-
ported Indian hostilities. Two friendly Indians, Am-
mon and Tabinan, a brother of Cliief Walker, volunteered
their assistance as guides, and the pai'ty left Provo and
continued on to the "Forks of Salt Creek," where they
Avere forced to camp on account of the great depth of the
snow. The next January, Tabinan rode into Manti and
informed the people that a Avhite man was lying across
the Sanpitch river, almost dead. A party headed by
Bishop George W. Bradley, started out on snowshoes and
found one of the supply company, trying to Avade through
the snow, which was three or four feet deep. He re-
ported the company snowed in, and sleds were draAvn by
hand over the snow, ranging in depth from 8 to 20 feet,
to their camp and the supplies brought in during the
month of March. Among the people an'iving then was
Daniel Henrie and wife, she riding on one of the sleds.

In the evening following the first warm day of early


spring, the peaceful colonists were startled by a contin-
uous hissing and rattling of myriads of rattlesnakes that
made a simultaneous attack upon the habitations, wrig-
gling and writhing about in the boxes, beds, cupboards
and everywhere they could get inside the homes of the
settlers. A general warfare was inaugurated by the aid
of pine-knot torches, and many hundreds of the reptiles
were killed, nearly five hundred being slaughtered in one
night. The strangest thing connected with the raid of
these deadlj^ serpents was that not one person was bit-
ten, though the coiled enemies were everywhere present,
in threatening attitudes, frightening men, women and
children on every hand. Notwithstanding the severity
of the winter and scarcity of food, on account of supply
teams being snowed in at Salt Greek, the people enjoyed
remarivably good health and but few cases of sickness oc-

In the spring of 1850, Avlien time for plowing and
planting came there was but one team able to draw a
plow through the native desert, until feed was obtained
from the growing grass. This team belonged to Jezreel
Shomaker, and was used to break small garden patches,
while the other poor animals were resting and recruiting.
The snow which had lain on the ground all winter to the
depth of three feet or more was slow in melting and no
crops were sown until June. But, the colonists were
fortunate in having a fair supply of seed, and the soil
proved veiy productive, thereby giving some green vege-
tables for food within a short time after planting. Small
ditches were taken from the creek, and the water freely
applied to the then parched sand.

About July 1st, of this year. Chief Walker and a
band of 700 warriors of the Sanpitch Indians, with their
squaws and pappooses, returned from a successful forag-
ing expedition against the Shoshones and camped in a


semi-circle 'round tLe colonists, remaining during the
year. They proudly exhibited their trophies of war, held
frequent scalp dances and forced the squaws and chil-
dren prisoners to dance with the scalps of their kindred
attached to poles, being significant of humbleness. While
thus being amused, Chief Walker and his leading men
would tantalize the colonists and threaten to treat them
in a similar manner. These fiendish orgies would be
kept up all night long, while the small colony of wliite
people slept not knoAving but that they would never

President Brigham Young visited the colony in
August, 185(1, and cliristened the toAvn ]\ranti, in liouor
of one of the notable cities mentioned in the Book of
Mormon, and the county he called Sanpete, after the In-
dian tribe then inhabiting this section, the chief of whom
was Sanpitch. A log schoolhouse was erected under the
direction of Isaac ^lorley, afterward known as "Father
Morley," and Jesse W, Fox was installed as the pioneer
teacher. He was soon followed by Mrs. jMary Whiting,
and the children were furnished the best opportunities
for obtaining an education that the primitive colonists
could afford. Soon after the visit of President Young a
small grist mill was erected in the canyon east of the
city by Phineas W. Cook, the capital being furnished by
President Young and Father Morley. The only mill in
use previous to this was a mammoth coffee grinder,
which was passed about from house to house as needed.

The act of Congress organizing Utah Territory was
approved September 9, 1S50, and Brigham Young was
appointed Governor, A provisional form of government
was instituted and Isaac Morley and Charles Shumway
represented Sanpete county in the first Legislative As-
sembly. That legislature met in Salt Lake City, and
passed an act incorporating Manti City, which was ap-


proved February 5, 1851, at the same time Ogden and
Provo were incorporated, they being the only cities in
rtah, excepting Salt Lake City. During this season the
city, comprising ten square miJes, was surveyed by Jesse
W. Fox, and the people left their camp under "Temple
Hill" and moved to their city lots. Titus Billings and
Jezreel Shomaker built the first houses, which were fol-
lowed by others before winter. A city government was
formed, and the colony began to give evidences of pros-

Sanpete county was organized by authority of an
act of the Territorial Legislature, passed February 3,
1852, and Manti was made the county seat. The first
oflflcers were George Peacock, Judge; Gardner Lion,
Phineas W. Cook and James Richey, Selectmen; Nelson
Higgins, Sheriff; John Lowry, Jr., Assessor and Collec-
tor; George Pectol, Treasurer, and Cyrenus H. Taylor,
Clerk. The county then comprised an unknown area, in-
eluding all of southeastern Utah, and no well defined de-
scription was given until an act of the Legislature, ap-
proved Januaiy 10, 1866, gave the following boundaries:
"All that portion of the Territory bounded south by Se-
vier county, west by Juab county, north by the summit
of the range of mountains between Sanpete Valley and
Spanish Fork river, and along the summit of said range
until it intersects Green river, thence by a line drawn
due east from said intersection to the thirty-second me-
ridian west from Washington City, and south by said
meridian. Provided, that the hay ground of Thistle Val-
ley shall be included in the county."


The Indians, under Chief Walker, continually gave
indications of a desire to stir up trouble among the colo-
nists, and notwithstanding his pleadings for white neigh-


l)ors, to settle among them and teach them the principles
of a peaceful and happy government, this hypocritical
chieftain simply wanted more victims to slaughter. An
aged diplomatic chief, Sowiatt, pleaded with his people
to let the white men build homes and dwell among them
in peace, and his counsel generally prevailed, because the
Indians knew Walker was treacherous and could not be
trusted even in his own tribe. Walker desired the scalp
of Charles Shumway, and at last detennined to make an
effort at getting some one to torture, so he could frighten
his pale face friends.

One day in the early summer of 1853, while most of
the able-bodied men were at Pleasant Ci*eek, assisting M.
D. Hamilton, or in Salt Lake City after supplies, Walker
and a band of painted warriors entered Manti and de-
manded the body of Shumway and others against whom
they had imaginai-y grievances, that they might be tor-
tured and put to death. This demand was not granted,
and an attack was threatened. The old men, women and
boys remaining in the city determined to resist the sav-
ages, and made preparations for battle, but the political
leader, Sowiatt, conquered and hostilities ceased. Walker
was so humiliated at the apparent cowardice of his
braves that he mounted a pony and rode hastily away
into the mountains to sulk for a month, hoping this act
would draw the warriors' affections from Sowiatt to him.

On July 18, 1853, Alex. Keel was killed at Payson,
by Arropine, a brother of Walker, known among the In-
dians as Siegnerouch. This act was the signal for be-
ginning a general warfare against the settlers through-
out southern Utah, and on the very next day, Indians
fired upon the guard at Pleasant Creek, now Mount
Pleasant. The day following & raid was made upon the
herds of Manti and several horses and cattle were stolen
and driven into the mountains. A similar attack was


made on the range near Nephi, and William Jolley was
wounded by Indians at Spring^ille. The colonists be-
came alarmed and at once organized for a defense of
their homes and families. A company of fifty militia-
men, under Capt. P. AV. Conover, was sent out from
Provo to assist the settlers at Mount Pleasant, who were
few in proportion to the savages.

The troops met the Indians on July 23rd, at Hamil-
ton's mill, east of Mount Pleasant, and engaged in a
fierce battle, resulting in the death of six warriors and a
complete routing of the savages, who fled to the moun-
tains. The settlers then removed from Mount Pleasant
to Spring City, where a small fort had been built, and by
the aid of the militia were enabled to harvest their crops.
But the Indians were on the alert and did not wait long
to recruit from the previous engagement, for on Sunday,
August 2nd, Spring City was attacked and all the horses
and cattle were rounded up and started for the moun-
tains. The herders were fired upon and fled to the
fort for protection, while the Indians rode away yelling
and waving their arms in defiance of the small garrison.

Tavo of the herding ponies eluded the Indians and re-
turned to the fort, thereby giving the settlers a means of
communication with Manti, the only point from which
relief could be expected. A messenger was dispatched
immediately, and by riding west across the valley, then
south, succeeded in evading the vigilant Indian scouts
patroling the eastern trail. The express messenger
reached Manti about three o'clock in the afternoon, mak-
ing one of the quickest trips ever recorded. When the
news was received drums were sounded, cattle collected
and sentries posted at all prominent points, while hasty
preparations w ere made for sending relief to Spring City
Three wagons with twelve yoke of oxen hitched to each
accompanied by teamsters and twelve mounted guards


left as quickly as possible, reaching Spring City at day-
light next morning. The colonists were taken to Manti
and given quarters in a fort which had been constructed
that year.

The entire population of Sanpete at the time of the
evacuation of Spring City numbered only 765 men, wo-
men and children, Avho remained in the fort at INIanti un-
til the spring of 1854. All parties engaged in wood haul-
ing, herding and other outside work Avere armed and con-
sisted of a dozen or more men, one-half standing guard
while the others worked. A guard was kept at the little
mill near the mouth of INlanti canyon to prevent an at-
tack from Indians until sufficient flour could be made for
the winter supjjly. But, on October 1st, both miller and
guard, John E. Warner and William Mills were killed by
the Indians, who made their escape, leaving the mill un-
disturbed. They returned later and burnt the mill,
claiming it was done in retaliation for the shooting of
five Indians, convicted of stealing cattle, and ordered ex-
ecuted by Maj. Higgins.

A few days previous to the killing of the miller and
guard, four ox teams, loaded with grain, started for Salt
Lake City, being followed a few hours later by twelve
horse teams hauling provisions, feed and Saints en route
to the semi-annual conference and intent upon visiting
friends in the north. Arrangements were made for
camping at Shumway Springs, but the first teams kept
going until they reached Uinta Springs, now Fountain
Green. Before the rear teams reached camp the Indians
made an attack, killing all the drivers, Thomas Clark,
William E. Keid, William Luke and James Nelson, and
driving away the oxen. Having no use for the grain, the
savages cut open the sacks and scattered wheat over the
ground to complete their work of destruction and show
their hatred for the white men.


The mutilated and mangled bodies of those unfortu-
nate freighters were picked up by the rear of the com-
pany and removed to Salt Creek for interment. Several
Indians watched them from the cover of cedars on the
mountain slope, and folloAved down the canyon, making
frantic gesticulations of joy over their massacre. When
the company reached Nephi seven Indians who had kept
at a safe distance and yelled defiance at the whites,
were promptly arrested and shot. This had the desired
effect upon the remaining warriors, who began to fear
the vengeance of their new neighbors, and hostilities
ceased for several months. A few days previous to this
Capt. J. W. Gunnison, United States Topographical En-
gineer, and a corps of seven men, including William Pot-
ter of ]\ranti, Avere killed by Indians, while in camp oil
the Sevier river, west of Fillmore.

During 1854 the Indians confined their depredations
chiefly to Millard county, but frequently raided the herd-
ing grounds of Sanpete and stole cattle and horses, al-
ways succeeding in making good their escape. On Jan-
uary 20, 1855, Walker died at Meadow Creek, in Millard
county, and the war ended. Arropine, who had begun
the work of extenninating the white men, became chief
of Walker's band, and made a treaty of peace. He pro-

Online LibraryW. H. 4n LeverHistory of Sanpete and Emery counties, Utah : with sketches of cities, towns and villages, chronology of important events, records of Indian wars, portraits of prominent persons, and biographies of representative citizens → online text (page 1 of 54)