W. T. (William Tenney) Brewster.

English composition and style; a handbook for college students online

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ess of, lo-ii; units of, 78-79
Compound sentence, 228; exer-
cises in, 249-250^ ^ ^. . .
Conclusion (see also Ending), m
argumentation, 599-400; bad, 77,
395H400; as endmgs, 771 '^ nar-
rative, 78
Conjunctions, 493
Connective words, 103, 114
Consume, ipi

Contents of paragraphs, 94-102
Contrast, see Comparison
Conventions of composition, 38-
52 : — capitalization, 41 ; exer-
cises in, 50-52; forms of ad-
dress, 42-49; grammar. 39-4o;
letters, 42-49; nature of, 3o-39;
punctuation, 41-42; references,
40-50; spellmg, 40-41; «i
themes, 50; usage, 3(MO
Conviction, 366

// Corinthians, Quoted, 245-246
Correlation, 8i-fe, 403-407
Corresponding degree, 209
C>>uplet, 437
Courage, 191, 192
Cowardice, 192

CowpER, W., quoted, \rj, 445, 467;

cited, 471 . ,

Crashaw, R., quoted, 444; <^»'*»*

438
Criteria of good style, 17&-183
Criticism (see also Argumenta-
tion, Composition, etc), of
composition, 54; as a form of
writing, 309; of paragraphs,
142-158; of sentences, 262-263;
ot verse, 425-426; of words, id&,
205-224
Cumulative Index, 32
Cunningham, A., quoted, 447
Cut on the bias, 189



Dactyl, 427
Dandy, 190, 191



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501



Daniel, A^ 466

Dante, cited, 439, 452

Darwin, C, 317, 341; cited, 20,
62,75,308

Dash, 483

DiVJJDET, A., 334

Debris, 208

Deem, 208

Deepest emotion, 211

Definite words, 190-192

Definition, in argumentation, 371-
372; fallacy of, 382-383; impor-
tance of, 372; manner of find-
ing. 371-372

Defoe, D., 115, 217, 263, 264;
quoted, 216; cited, 342

Degeneration, 209

De Maupassant, G., cited, 28^
327, 334

Democratic language, 180-182

Denotation, 194-195

Depart from this scene, 193

De Quincey, T., 62, 115, 186, 200,
270, 331; quoted, 112-113, 123-
126, 131-133, 252; cited, 20, 341,
348

Description, 339-349; classification
of, 340-341; compared to other
forms ot discourse, 306-310;
composition in, 343-340; exer-
cises in, 347-349; forms of,
339-340; fundamental images in,
345; good and had, 341; ma-
terial of, 339; method of, 341-
343; movement in, 345-^6; of
poetry, 453; point 01 view in,
344-345 ; practical applications
of, 346-347; style in, 346; of
style, 183-185; use of, 340-341;
of verse, 432-433

Detective stories, as an example
of argtmient from sign, 389;
structure of, 58-59

Deuteronomy, quoted, 224

Development, of narrative, 321-
331; of paragraphs, 140-142

Dickens, C« 115, 249, 316, 319;
^oted, 1 18; Cited, 308, 318^ 330

Die, 192, 193



Difference, in meaning of sen-
tences, 264-266 ; hetween poetry
and prose, 453-469

Different from, 492

Different than, 4^

Different to, 492

Digressions, 141

Directly, 206

Disastrous conflagration. 194

Discourse, 303-421; forms of,
30^-311

Disttnguie, 189

Divide up, 201

Division, definition of, 356; prac-
tical applications of, 353-356;
principles of, 352

Do, 488

DoBSON, A., quoted, 462

Doctor, 192

Domestic fowl, 193

Done, 487

Don't, 487

Don the quotidian vestment, 193

Douhle negative, 493

DowDEN, E., cited, 86

Downy couch, 194

Doyle, A. C, ated, 28

Dramatic poetry, 452-453

Dress, 193

Drummond, W., cited, 470

Drunk, 190

Dryden, J., 429; quoted, 427, 432,
445 ; cited, 452, 458, 470

Dumas, A., 318; cited, 85



Each, 4)^7, 489

Each other, v, 487

Ease in sentences, 238-247

Eat, 191, 488

Economy of predication, 202-203,

236-238
Educationalist, 189
Either, 227, 229, 487, 489
Electrocute, 192



Elegance, 263

, of argumentation, 369-
definition, 371-372; de-



Elements, of argumentation,
390



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Index



batable questions, 369-370; evi-
dence, 372-381; logic, 381-38?;
propositions, 370-371; rhetonc,
389-390; of narration: — char-
acter, 318-320; plot, 317-318;
purpose, 314-317; setting, 320

EuoT, C. W., cited, 363

Emerson, R. W., ic^, 186, 281,
361; quoted, 32, 206; cited, 33,

^36,85, 19.1, 363,418 .

Emphasis, m composition, 68-69;
in exposition, 3S5^-36i ; in narra-
tion, 328-329; in paragraphs,
114; in sentences, 233-234, 258-

Endmg (see also Conclusion) of
a composition, 77-78

End-stopt verse, 429^430

Environment, 199

Epic poetry, 45^-453

Erskine, T., brief of defence of
Gordon, 402-407; quoted, 407-
410

Essence of note-taking, 34

Euphemism, 103

Every, 487, 489

Everywheres, 189

Evidence in argumentation, 372-
381 : — classification of, 376-
379; compared with authoritv,
379-380; meaning of, 372-370;
stock kinds of, 381; tests of,
380-381

Evolution, 199

Exam,, 1S9, 210

Excellent, 191

Except, 227

Exclamation point, 484

Exclusion, method of, 393-394

Exercises : — in ar^[umentation,
^13-421; in composition, 85-387;
in conventions of composition,
50-52; in description, 347-349;
m exposition, 362-363 ; in forms
of discourse, ^10-311; in narra-
tion, ^3-339; in note-taking, 36-
37; m paragraphing, IIS-I39»
159-172; in sentences, 247-261,
272-299; in style, 186-187; in



subjects, learned, 24-25; perso-
nal, 22-23; in summary, 1S-20;
in tithes, 27-29; in translation,
18-20; in versification, 441-450,
470-475 ; in words, 224-225, 27^
299

Exposition, 350-363 : — classifica-
tion in, 351-357; compared with
other forms, 306-310; contrast
in, 360-361 ; as the conveying of
information, 357; emphasis in,
359-361; as explanation of the
unknown, 350-351; as fact and
truth, 351; illustration in, 360;
method in, 359-361; order in,
357-359; plan of, 351-359; prov-
mce of, 350; style in, 361; sub-
jects for, 351

Expressions, stock, 264



Fact, essential to good writing,

263-264, 272
Fair Helen, quoted, 434
Fall, 191
Fallacies common in argument,

382-389
False analogy, 385
False generalization, 384-385
Fascinating, 194
Fast company, 199
Fatal chair, i^
Feminine endmg, 427, 431
Fiction, kinds of, 313, 314
Fielding, H., 75; cited, 31S, 319
Fierce, 190
Fine writing, 193
FiSKE, J., 87

Fitzgerald, E^ quoted, 22. 427,
^4^, 43^ ^4; cited, ig
Flaubert, G., 347
Flee, 488
Fletcher, H^ 61
Fletcher, J., quoted, 431
Flow 488
Flunk, 210

/^y,488



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503



Foot, metrical, 426-428; variations
from, 4?8-433

Forms, of address, 42-49; of dis-
course, 303-311; of references,
4^50; of themes, 50; of verse,

451-455
Formal letters, 48-49
Force, 263
Foreign words, 189
Foreword, 189
For to, ifo
Francis, St., 61
Franklin, B., 20, 115
Friends of the departed, 211
From, 227
Froude, J. A., 103, 269; quoted,

Functions, method of, 39^-393
Fundamental image, 345
Furore, 189



Got, 189, 200

Gotten, 189

Grab, 190, 192

Grady, H. W., cited, 36

Graham, R., quoted, 434

Grammar, common errors in, 486-
493; convention of, 39-40

Grammatical classification of sen-
tences, 227-228

Grant, U. S., cited, 58* 313

Gray, T., 62; quoted, 427, 473;
cited, 270, 438, 452, 469, 470

Great poetry, 469

Green, J. R., 362

Greenough and Kittredge, 281 ;
quoted, 295 ; cited, 19

Grind, 210

Group, 191

Gum MERE, F. B., quoted, 426, 428;
cited, 42s

Gym., 189



Gardiner, J. H., cited, 19, 87, 304,

347
General words, 192-193
Genre, 304
Gent, 189
George Eliot, 79, 115, ^16, 319,

322; quoted, 435; cited, 20, 28,

85, 308, 3i8» 333, 335, 328
Get, 488
Gibbon, E., 58, 317; quoted, 34,

202-203, 345; cited, 12, 20, 86,
^313,335,347,412
Gilbert, W. S., quoted, 437; cited.

Gilded youth, 199

Gilman, ms. Charlotte P.,

cited, 61
Go in stays, 189
Go to bed, 191, I93
Goldsmith, O., cited, 318, 452
GoocH, G. P., cited, 67
Good, 191, 192
Good paragraphing, 94-"4
Good sentences, test of, 203
Good style, 178-183
Gospels, 4169



H.

Hackneyed words, 199-200

Hadn't ought, 487

Hale, E. E., cited, 28, 324, 334

Hamlet, 78

Hang, 192, 488

Happen, 190, 206

Hardy, T., 316, 320, 328; cited, 85,

319, 348
Harmony, 238-240, 245
Harrison, F., cited, 176, 228
Harte, F. B., cited, 28, 334
Hawthorne, N., 33; quoted, 480;

cited, 20, 28, 63, 85, 334, 348
Hazlitt, W., ctted, 228
Hedda Gabler, 78
Hen, 193

Herbert, G., cited, 470
Herrick, IL, 459; quoted, 444;

cited. 470
Hill, A. S., quoted, ^; cited, 200



Hirst, F. W., cited, I
History, 314
Holmes, O. W., cited, 472
Home, 190



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Home-run, i8p

Homesteader, i8p

Honest, iga

Honesty, 191

Hood, T., quoted, 435, 447. 44^

HooKEK, R., quoted, 246

HowsLLS, W. D., cited, 314; 333

Hudson, W. H., cited, 348

Hugo, V., 338, 34s

Hurl, 191

Huxley, T. H., 73, 86, 281, 360,
383; quoted, jh^ig^'T^S; cited,
19, 36, 67, 3S8» 362, 363, 401, 418

Hyperbole, 190-199

Hyphen, 484



/^ia/t^ 343
//, 209. 232
Italian sonnet, 460
Italics, 485



James, H., 75, 316, 322; quoted,
32, 129-130, 333, 38S; cited, 20,
63, 318, 319, 320, 334

Tames, W., ctted, 20, 36, 60, 418

Jeshunin, 343

Johnson, O., cited, 20

JOHNSON, S., 60, 186, 281 ; quoted,
no, 181, 247, 252, 29s; cited, 317

JONSON, B., cited, 470



Iamb, 427

Ibsen, H., cited, 2a 388, 419

Ideals of style, 178-179

//> 493

Ignoratio elenchi, 385-386

Illustration, in exposition, 360;
fallacy of false, 388-389

Illustrative paragraphs, 142-158;
sentences, 245-247; words, 206-
224

Illy, 189 ^

Importance of composition, 53-54

Improprieties, 190

/»i,207, 492 ^

Increment of meaning, 195-200

Infinitive, 489; cleft or split, 227,
492

In medias res, 189

Interrogation point, 484

Into, 207, 492

Introductions, in argument, 3^-
398: bad, 73-75; compared with
prefaces, 75-76; in composition,
69-76; in narrative, 74, 321; na-
ture of, 70; as pomt of depar-
ture, 71-72

Invite, 189

Invitations, 4S-49

Irony, 198-199

Irregular plurals, 486; verbs, 488

Irving, W., 72



Keats, J., 270, 461; quoted, 186,
221, 430^ 434, 446» 460, 474; cited,
20, 439, 440, 452. 458, 471

Kennelly, a. E., ctted, 362

Kill, 192

KiNGSLEY, C, cited, 418

KiPUNG, R., 233, 316, 318; cited,
20, 28. 85, 334, 466

Krapp, G. p., ctted, 180-182



LaFakge. J., cited, 347

Lamb, C "5, 186; quoted, 447;

cited, 20. 85, .363, 383, 438
Lamont, H., Cited, 19, 87, 306, 362
Landor, W. S., quoted, 247; cited,
• 471

Langland^ W., quoted, 433
Language (see also Sratences,

Style, Words, etc), democratic,

180-182; of verse, 467
Latin words, 195-196
Lavatory, 193
Lay, 227, 4w
Lay hold of, 192
Learned subjects, 23-^5
Lee, S., 36
Leg, 191



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505



Length of sentences, 185, 228

Lessing. G. £., cited, 69

Let or kindrancej 201

Letters, 42-49, 206-267

Lewis, E. H., cited, 87, 347

Lie, V, 227, 488

Lift, ip2

Limerick, 460

Limits of sentences, 263-270; of

style, 17^183
LiNC(WLN, A., 24; quoted, 247;

cited, 97, 459 . , ^ .
Literary forms, mdenniteness of,

324-326
Literary phrases^ 201-202
Literature, classifications of, 303-

306
Localisms, 189
LocKHART, J. G., cited, 317
Lodge, T., quotea, 442
Logic, in argumentation, 381-389;

in sentences^ 262-^299

London, J., viii ; cited, 19

Long sentences, 228-229



Long words, 195-196

'-ONGFELLOW, H. W.,

cited, 19, 471



quoted, 449;



Loose sentence, 229

Lovelace, IL, 459; quoted, 437;

cited, 470
Lowell, J. R., 250; quoted, 129;

cited, 8s, 472
Lower limbs, 191
Lu/F, 189
Luther, M., 25
Lyric poetry, 452-453* 455-466

M.

Macaulay, T. B., 10, 25, 71, 72,
73, no, III, 186, 187, 218, 219,
230, 2^7, 249, 270, 390, 393-394;
quoted f 70, 108, 109-110, 117,
239; ctted,36, 86, 360, 393

Maggie TulliVer, 78

Magnificent, 194

Maintain, 210

Malign, 190

Man, 192



Many a, 489

March, 192

Mark Twain, see Clemens, S. L.

Marlowe, C, 221; quoted, 220,
428,442

Marvell, a., quoted, 435, 438,
470; ctted, 472 ^

Masefield, J., 112; quoted, 52

Mass, 191

Masson, D., quoted, 128-129

Master of Bauantrae, 78

Material for writing, 9-10, 30-34;
see also Argumentation, De-
scription, Exposition, Narration,
etc.

Matthews, B., cited, 36, 75, 334

May, 227

Meredith, G., 316, 317, 383. 455;
quoted, 51, 222-223; cited, 20,
85, 318, 319

Metaphor, 198

Meter, 426-428

Method, in argumentation, 368-
369; in composition, 55-64; in
description, 341-343; in exposi-
tion, 359-361 ; of exclusion, 393-
394; of functions, 392-393; w
narration, 320-323; of objec-
tions, 394-395; of paragraphing,
94-114

Metonymy, 197

Mickle, W. J., quoted, 445

Mill, J. S., 13, 20, 73, 87, 191. 218,
219. 230, 269, 317, 358. 412;
quoted, 71 ; c%ted, 19, 20, z^, 85,
97, 313

Milton, J., 10, 203, 461; quoted,
223, 246, 270-271, 428, 43i» 439.
443. 445, 472; cited, 86, 452, 458,
470

Misplaced words, 492

Mistress of the roost. 193

MouiRE, J. B. P. de, 8,
cited, 319, 320

Montaigne, M. de, cited, 7

Mood, ii89

Moore, T., quoted, 447-448

Mordant iroHy, 211



24. 30;



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Index



MoRisoN, J. C, quoted, 127-1^
252

M(»LEY, J., 231; quoted, i28» 196^
21&-219, 230, 236-237

MOBRIS, W^ 60

Mother Goose, quo ted ^ ^5

Movementj in composition, 57-595
in description, 345-346; in lyric
verse, 455-466; in narration,
323-331; in paragraphs, 105-112,
140-142; in sentences, 234-247

Murder, 192

N.

Narration (see also Narrative),
312-338: — climax in, 3^9-330;
compared with other kinds of
writmg, 306-310; defined, 306,
312; elements of, 313-320; em-
phasis in, 328-239; exercises in,
333-338; forms of, 312-313;
material of, 312; movement in,
322-331 ; practical applications,
332; as the presentation of new
and interesting facts, 314-316;
as the presentation of original
points of view, 315-316; sus-
pense in, 329 ; unity in, 323-326

Narrative, analysis of, 321-322;
introductions to, 74 ; paragraphs
in. III; structure and treatment
of, 320-323 : style in, 331*332

Narratives briefly summarized,

Nash,*t., quoted, 442

NSe, 189

Negative, double, 493

Neither, 487. 489, 49^ ,

Nettleton, G. H., ctted, 334

New English Dictionary, 204

Newman, J. H., 10, 66, 77, 86,

115, 186, 249, 270, 358, 360;

quoted, 64-65, 105, 120, 121-122,

126, 201, 243-244, 252; cited,

36, 63, 97, 304» 313
New words, 189
Nit. 189
Nobody, 487



No one, 487

Nor, 480. 493

Note-taking, 33-37: — essence of,
34; exercises in, 36-37; kinds
ot, 33-34; system in, 35-36

Not in it, 199

Not one, 41^7

Not only, 227, 229

Nouns, collective, 489-490; errors
in the use of, 486

Novels, kinds of, 59; as presenta-
tion of a thesis and as evfdence,
388-^89. See also Composition,
Fiction, Narration, etc

Number in verbs, 489^490

Number of words, 200-205

O.

Objections, method of, 394-395
Obsolete words, 189
Observed of all observers, 199
Occasion, of writi«g, 5-8; cflFect

on style, 182
Octave, 460
Odyssey, 452

Old Testament, 58

Omission of words, 493

On, 4g2

One another, 487

One wonders, 239

Only, 227

Onto, 4ig2

Opening address in letters, 44-45

Opportunity as a test of evidence,

Or, 227, 229, 489

Order (see also Arg[umentation,
Composition, Description, Ex-
position, Narration, Paragraphs,
Sentences, Words, etc.)» of
composition, 69-78; in argumen-
tation, 396^401; in description,
343-346; in exposition, 357-
359; m narration, 320-323, 326-



O'Shaughnessy, a., quoted, 427;
cited, 471



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507



Ottava rima, 439-440
Outlining, 79-04



Paget, V., cited, 4

Paired words, 201 ^ , ,

Palgrave, R T., The Golden
Treasury, 425, 453, 470, 474

Palmer, G. H., cited, 205

Paragraphs, 88-172 : — arrange-
ment and content of, 94-102;
balanced, iio-iii; as breaks in
writing, 88-92; comments on,
143-158; deductive, 11 1; defined,
88-^; development of, 140-142;
exercises in, Ii5-I39f 159-172;
inductive, in ; introductory and
concluding, 104; isolated, 92-
93; kinds of, 92-94; movement
of, 105-112, 140-142; narrative,
in; principles of composition
in, iiii-115; refinements in, 92;
related, 92-93; sense and style
in, 140-172 ; related, 92-93 ; sense
and style in, 140-172; sentences
in, 105-114; style in, 142; sum-
mary of, &>-8i; summary sen-
tence in, 109-110; topic state-
ment in, 108-109; transitions in,
102-105; variety in, 105-108

Parentheses, 483

Parkman, F., cited, 19

Fart and parcel, 201

Partition, 76, 356, 360

Party, 191

Pass away, 193

Passages quoted anonymously,
22, 74, 89, 106, 107, 1 16-139.
143-158, 159-172, 206-215, 230,
231, 233-234, 247-261, 266-^,
272-294, 348, 373, 417-421, 442-
443, 444, 463

Past tense, 485

Pater, W., 10, 73* no, 269, 341;
quoted, 72, 18^, 2^7-^58, 261,
343; cited, 20, 86, 187, 304, 362,
363

Patmohe, C^ cited, 471



Pauses in verse, 428-433

Peacock, T. L., cited, 471

Peary, R. E., cited, 58

Percival and Jelliffe, cited, 36,
362

Perfect furore, 211

Perfectly awful, 194

Perfectly terrible, 194

Period, 483

Periodic sentence, 229, 250-252

Person, changes of, 487

Personal letters, 48

Personal subjects, 21

Personification, 197

Persuasion, 309, 310, 366

Phrasing, exercises in, 247-26i«
272-299

PiNERO, A. W., cited, 20

Place and date in letters, 43-44

Plan, in argumentation, 396-401;
in composition, 69-85; in de-
scription, 343-346; in exposi-
tion, 351-359; in narration, 32a-
323. See also Arrangement,
Order, Progression, etc.

Plato, cited, 20, 86

Plead, 488

Pleasant, 191

Pleonasm, 200-201

Plot in narration, 317-318

Plural, irregular, 486

Plutarch, 317

PoE, E. A., 209; quoted, 103-104;
cited, 2S, 63, 85, 86, 321-322,
323, 324, 334, 339, 341, 347, 436,

«47i

Poetry (see also Verse and Versi-
fication), classification of, 451-
45;?; description of, 453; distin-
guished from prose, 303, 453-
469; exercises m, 470-475; as a
tine art, 454; kinship with prose,
454-455 ; popular classification
of, 451 ; variety of forms in, 452

Point of departure, 71-72

Point of view, in description, 344-
345; in exposition, 353; in nar-
ration, 327-328

Poole's Index, 32



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Index



Pore, A^ 60, 4^; quoted, 432,

473 ; Cited, J03, 45^, 4^ 47i
Popular classification of literature,

3Q5
Possessive case, 486
Posthoc, ergo propter hoc, 384,

387

Practical suggestions, for argu-
mentation, 411-412; for vocabu-
lary, 203-^05

Precipitate, 191

Predication, economy of, 202-^03,
236-23$; exercises in, 259-260

Preface, 189

Preface and introduction, 75-76

Prepositions, 492-493

Present tense, 488

Prexy, 189

Principal parts of verbs, 488

Principles of composition, 64-69;
in paragraphs, 114-115; in sen-
tences, 230-234

PuoR, M., 458; cited, 471

Process of argumentation, 390-
401 ; of writing, 8-13

Prof., i8p

Progression (see also Arrange-
ment, Composition, Order, Plan,
etc.), in argumentation, 396-
^i; in composition, 55-64; in
description, 343-346; in exposi-
tion, P57-359; tn narration, 320-
323; m paragraphs, 140-142

Prolixity, 201

Pronouns, 486-487

Proof, burden of, 395; direct, 398

Propositions, 6^ 81-84, 370-371

Prose, distinguished from poetry,
303f 453-469; kinship with poet-

„ry, 454-455

Prove, 488

Provoke, 190

Provoking, 206

Psalms, 343 , .

Psychology of wnting, 417

Punctilious, 192

Punctuation, 41-42, 479-480

Purloin, 192

Purpose in narration, 314-317



0.

Quatrain, 4^7-^38
Questions, m argumentation, 369-
^370

QuiLLER-CoucH, A., The Oxford
Book of English Verse, 42s, 453
Quotation marks, 484
Quotations, outworn, 199-200
Quoth, 189



Raise, 488

Raleigh, Sir W., 240; quoted, 246

Ran, 192

Read the riot act, 199

Reawc, C, 328, 339; cited, 25

Readmg, 30-34, 395-396

Reahsm, 313, 314

Redundancy, 200-202

References, 49-50

ReHned, 191

Reflexive pronouns, 487

Refrain in verse, 440-441

Regarded as, 208

Remoyef 192

Restriction of meaning, 263-269,

Restrictive clauses, 481

Retire, 191, 193

Revision, 13, 178. See also Exer-
cises

Rhetoric, in argumentation, 389-
390; defined by its uses, 13-15;
use in writing, 13-15

Rhythm^ in sentences, 240-241,
245; in verse, A^a&^z

Rime, 435-437

Rime royal, 439

RiNGWALT, R. C., cited, 36, 392

Rise, 488

Ritchie, Mrs., 75

Rohe oneself, 193

Robertson, j. M., cited, 2109

Rochester, Earl of, quoted, 473

Rondeau, 463-464

Rondel, 463

Role, 189



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Index



509



Roosevelt, T., quoted, 22; cited,
36

RossETn, C. G., quoted, 47^

RossETTi, D. G., 4iSi ; quoted, 464-
46s ; Cited, 471

Rostand, £., 61

Rotten, 190

RoYCs, J., cited, 2162^ 363

Run-on verse, 429-430

Rush madly, 194

RusKiN, J., 10, 68, 77f 103, 109,
18s, 186, 270, 339; quoted, 93,
98-102, 118-119, 120-121, 239,
2^, 252; cited, 19, 86^ 228, 362,
303,454

S,

Said, 210

St. FiANCis, 61

St. John, quoted, 245

St. Paul, 469

Saintsbury, G., quoted, 245

Same, 209

Saxon words, 195-196

Scandal, 190

Science and literature, 303-304

Scott, W., ii, 75, "5, 282, 316,
339, 340, 344; quoted, 51, 297,
431, 446, 447, 448, 473; ctted,
20, 25, 28, 85, 314, 319, 322, 327,

^ 330, 334, 344, 348, 430, 459, 47i

Seek the Morphean couch, 193

Seise, 192

Semicolon, 482

Sentences, 226-299: — cadence in,
241-247; capital questions in,
226, 2iS2; classes of, 271-^2;
classification of, 227-230; com-
petence in, 26^-270; diflEcrent
meanings of, 264-266; ease and
beauty in, 2^8-244; economy of

? predication in, 236^38; cxcel-
ent, 270; exercises in, 247-261,
272-299; good and bad, 263-
264; harmony in, 238^240;
length of, 185, 263-270; logic of,
262^-299; movement of, 234-247;
In paragraphs, 112-114; princi-



ples of construction of, 230-
2)4; rhythm in, 240^241; sole-
cisms, 226-227; variety in, 269-
270; words in, 185-186, 262-299

Sequence of tenses, 488-489

Sestet, 460

Sestina, 465-466

Set, 227, 4®

Shairp, J. C, cited, 60

Shakspere, W., 8, 10, II, 36, 181,
203, 270, 455; quoted, 220, 223,
239, 430, 431, 4?6, 441, 442, 443,
457, 461, 472; ctted, 20^ 317, 319,
469, 470

Shaksperian sonnet, 461

Shall, 22^, 24&:249,^ 490-491

Shaw, G. B., 68, 361, 367; quoted,
22; cited, 86, 418, 419

Short story, defined, 324-325

Shelley, P. B., quoted, 427, 434,
439, 446, '448, 458* 473; cited, 19,
4S8»47i

Shirley, J., quoted, 443-444

Short cuts in wording, 202-203

Short sentences, 22^229

Short words, 195-196

Should, 227, 248-249, 491

ShuMe off this mortal coil^ 103

Sidney, P., quoted, 468; cited, 470

Sightly, 189

Smule, 198

Simple sentence, 228

Sit, 227, 488

Situations m narrative, ^26-^27

Size up, i99

Slang, 189

Smith, A., cited, 36, 362, 363

Snap, 210

Snub, 189

So, 232

Socrates, 177

Solecisms, 226^227, 247-248^ 486-
493

Some class, 190

Song of Deborah and Barak, 343

Song of Solomon, quoted, 245

Sonnet, 460-^62

Sources of material for writing,
30-31



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510



Index



SouTHEY, R., cited, 471
Speaking, compart with writing,

Spear 193

Specific words, 192-193

Spelling, 40-41

Sfkncxr, H., 250; quoted, 122-

123, 176, 183; cited, 187
Spenser, £., cited, 438, 440, 470
Spenserian stanza, 440
Split infinitive, see Cleft infinitive
Spondee, 432
Squelch, i9^
Stab, 193
Stamina, 209

Stanza, 437-441

Steal, i8a 192

Steele, R., 25, 39a 393-394

Stephen, L^ quoted, 242

Stevenson, R. L., 61, 115, 186,
250, 269, 3»; quoted, 22, 33,
105, 107, 118, 1 19-120, 126-127,



183, 2}S, 238, 239» 240, 252, 347,
366, 307; Cited, 19, 20^ 28, 36, 58>
85, 86, 177, 187, 314. 322, 324»

^ 326^ 33J, m .344, 347» 418

Stiger, £. A., Cited, 362

Stimson, F. J., Cited, 334, 337

Stock expressions, 264

Stowe, Mrs. H. B., ated, 308* 419

Strange coincidence, 208

Stroil, 192

Structure, in argumentation, 396-
401; in description, 343-347; >n
exposition, 353-361; m narra-
tion, 320-323: of verse, 451-
466. See also Composition,
Paragraphs, Sentences, Arrange-
ment, Order, Plan, etc

Stunning, 194

Stunt, 189

Style, 175-299: — in argumenta-
tion, 407-411; criteria of, 178-
183 ; defined as any writing, 175 ;
defined as maximum of efficien-
cy, 182; defined as a result, 175-
178; ddBned by various authors,
175-177; dependence on syntax,
182; description of, 183-185; in



description, 346; in endings, 77;
exercises in, 186-187; in es^o-
sition, ^i; as expression of
ideas, 182; ideab of, 178-179;
kinds of, 184; in narration, 331-
332; in paragraphs, 142; real
problem of, 185-186; related to
occasion, 182; study of, 177; in
verse, 466-469

Subjects for learned essays, 23-
25 ; personal, 21-23 ; for compo-
sition, &-9, 16-25

Subjunctive mood, 489

Suckling, J., quoted, 444

Suicide, 189

Summary, 16-18; exercises in, 18-
20; paragraph^ 80-81; sditences
in paracprapns, 109-110

Suspense in narration, 329

Sweet miss of sixteen summers,
199

Swift, J., 10, 11, 115, 184, 18^



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