Walter H Wills.

The Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book online

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F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., F.A.I., F.R.Met.S., F.R.Hist.S.',
F.S.S., M.S.A., F.R.C.I., F.I.I., Hon. Corr.
Mem. V.I., Mem. Amer. Acad. Polit. and
Soc. Sc., Mem. Astron. S. of Pacific, Mem. of
Brit. Astron. Assoc., Mem. Selden Soc., Mem.
of the S.A. Philosoph. Soc., and of numerous
other Societies. He married, June 7, 1887,
Catherine Augusta, dau. of John Russom, J.P.,
some time Mayor of Maritzburg, and has issue
two sons and four daughters.


" Bon- Accord," Gwelo, Rhodesia, and the
Gwelo Club, is the eldest son of John Finnie,
a Scotch lawyer, and was born in 1860 at
Aberdeen. He was educated at Fortrose
Acad. and King's Coll., Aberdeen, and
went to S.A. in 1885 ; after a short resi-
dence in Natal and the Transvaal he became
one of the early pioneers of Rhodesia. In
1890 he was taken prisoner by the Portuguese
at Beira, at the time that Sir John Willoughby

tried to force the East Coast Route to Salis-
bury. From 1891 to 1893 he was shooting big
game between the Pungwe and Zambesi Rivers.
In 1892 he spent some little time with Selous
in the vicinity of Sacramento, and in 1893 was
obliged to return to Natal owing to having
been severely mauled by a lion. In 1894 he
was again in Matabeleland, and took an active
part in the Rebellion of '96. In '97 he lec-
tured throughout the North of Scotland on
Rhodesia and S.A; generally.

He is senior partner of the firm of Finnie
& Finnie, Agents and Brokers of Gwelo, and
is interested in many mining ventures.

Bachelor, M.L.C., of Hohenheim, Johannes-
burg, and of Buckland Downs, Harrismith,
O.R.C., was born at King William's Town,
July 24, 1862. He is the son of the Hon.
James Coleman Fitz-Patrick, an Irish bar-
rister, who supported the political fortunes of
Daniel O'Connell in his declining years, as well
as those of the Liberator's son, John O'Con-
nell, and who afterwards became Judge of the
Supreme Court of the C.C. Sir Percy was
educated at St. Gregory's Coll., Downside,
near Bath, and went to the Transvaal in 1884,
where he has resided practically ever since,
either on the alluvial diggings, or trading,
hunting, or prospecting. In 1886 he settled
at Barberton, leaving there three years later
for the Witwatersrand. He accompanied the
Randolph Churchill expedition through
Mashonaland in 1891, and in 1892, on return-
ing to Johannesburg, took charge of the Intel-
ligence Department of the firm of H. Eckstein
& Co., of which he became a partner in 1898,
representing the firm on the boards of many
of the premier mining Cos. of the Rand.
Few men are more conversant with all the
details of the mining industry, or with the
general affairs of the Transvaal than Sir Percy,
as those will know who remember his evidence
before the Industrial Commission in 1897, and
subsequently before the Concessions Com-
mission. He was one of the first to become
associated with the Reform Committee in
1895, to which he acted as an indefatigable
Hon. Secretary. For his participation in that
movement he was arrested in January, 1896,
and with other ringleaders was refused bail.
He was put on trial in April for high treason
against the Govt. of the S.A.R., and was
condemned to suffer two years' imprison-
ment, to pay a fine of 2,000, or as an alterna-



tive another year's imprisonment, and there-
after to be banished from the State for a period
of three years. This sentence was reduced to one
year's imprisonment in the following May, but
he was released during the same month.

In 1897, when everybody thought (and
rightly) that the Industrial Commission was
intended merely as a farce, Sir Percy never-
theless pressed hard for the Uitlanders to take
it seriously, if only for the purpose of once
more putting their case on record. In Feb.,
1899, although this fact is not generally known,
it was he who suggested to the Transvaal
Govt. a conference between Mr. Kriiger
and Lord Milner, and another between the
Govt. and the people of Johannesburg.
This was a most earnest and sincere effort to
avert war, as Sir Percy plainly stated, and his
suggestions resulted in the '' Bloemfontein
Conference " and the " Capitalist Negotia-
tions." However, these meetings were turned
by the Boer Govt. to purposes other than
peace. As evidence of his party's sincerity,
he proposed, in order to remove causes of con-
stant friction, that the mining people should
forego their Bewaarplaatsen Rights, and buy
them at a valuation instead of going to law
and to the Rand for restitution in toto, and
should also acquiesce in the Dynamite Monopoly,
" provided the profits, as originally intended,
should go to the Govt." ; in fact, that the
terms of the original concession should be
enforced, if the Govt. would introduce the
reforms in administration of the Liquor and
other laws, as recommended by the Indus-
trial Commission, and make some equitable
concession of political rights to the Uitlanders.
When the Capitalist Negotiations came about
the Govt., at first through Mr. Lippert,
and afterwards through Dr. Leyds and Mr.
Reitz, refused to allow Sir Percy (although
a partner in the leading house of Eckstein)
to take part. He was the one barred. As
soon, however, as the Government tried to
introduce the Franchise qiiestion, the other
representatives of the Capitalists refused to
take part until Sir Percy Fitz-Patrick and
some other representatives of the Uitlanders
were admitted. After some delay the Govt.
gave way, but Sir Percy would not par-
ticipate in the negotiations without a written
invitation which would release him from the
condition of three years' silence which had
been imposed on him in connection with the
Reformers' sentences. This was given, and Sir
Percy, having been authorized by the repre-

sentatives of all classes to voice their case,
went into the matter heart and soul, incidentally
proving step by step how the Govt. had
authorized the negotiations, and showing the
devices by which they had sought to inveigle
the negotiators into a false move. Sir Percy
drew up the five years' Franchise memorandum
which was embodied in the Capitalist Nego-
tiators' documents (published in March or
April, 1899), and which afterwards served as
the basis of Lord Milner' s Bloemfontein pro-
posals. Before sending this memo, in, he
showed it to the State Secy, and State
Attorney in Pretoria, who both said that it
was absolutely just, but that Mr. Kriiger
would never be induced to agree to it. Sir
Percy's answer to this was, " Well, let us try.
Let it be a basis for discussion, to bring us
together, and avert trouble."

Sir Percy, as spokesman for the guarantors
of the War Loan and representative of the
public committee, took a principal part in
the War Debt negotiations with Mr. Chamber-
lain. He is one of the non-official members
of the first Transvaal Legislative Council, and
was elected by that body as one of the two
Transvaal Representatives on the Inter-
Colonial Council of the Transvaal and O.R.C.,
from which he resigned in 1904. He was
Pres. of the Witwatersrand Chamber of Mines
in 1902.

Sir Percy has a facile pen. He was years
ago editor of the " Barberton Herald," and
besides many able contributions to the Press
on questions of the moment, he has published
an account of his Mashonaland trip, " Through
Mashonaland with Pick and Pen," and a charm-
ing volume of short stories under the name of
" The Outspan." But in England he will be
more generally known as the author of
Transvaal from Within " a work which is
everywhere regarded as the text-book upon
the events which led up to the inception of
the Reform movement, and eventually cul-
minated in raid and war. Sir Percy was made
a Knight Bachelor in 1902 in recognition of
his great services in connection with
He married, February 16, 1889, Elizabeth
Lillian, dau. of John Cubitt, of Pretoria.

(1898), of Salisbury, Rhodesia, and of the Bad-
minton Club, was born at Edinburgh, Jan. 28,
1871. He is son of Rev. John Fleming, of
Edinburgh ; was educated at Durham Sch.
and Edinburgh Univ., and holds the de-



grees M.B.,C.M., F.R.C.S.E.,and D.P.H.Camb.
He has been for many years in S.A. ; served in
the Mashonaland Rebellion in 1896-97 ; is
Medical Director and Inspector of Hospitals for
Rhodesia, and P.M.O. of the B.S.A. Police. He
married, in 1896, Philadelphia Alice, dau. of the
late Wm. Fisher, of British Columbia.

Rhodesia, is son of Rev. John Fleming, of Edin-
burgh, where he was born Sept. 15, 1869 ; was
educated at the Edinburgh Acad. and
Univ., and joined the B.S.A. Co.'s service, Oct.
28, 1895. He served through the Matabele Re-
bellion in 1896 (medal), and was appointed Mining
Commissioner at Gwelo April 1, 1899. He
married, June 3, 1903, Lily, youngest dau. of
the late Donald Mackenzie, J.P., of Gaisloch,

FLINT, REV. WILLIAM, D.D., of Walmunster
Park, Rosebank, C.C., was born at Stand-
bridge, Bedford, and educated at Leighton
Buzzard and Headingley Coll. ; entered the
ministry of the Wesleyan Methodist Church in
1879 ; was ordained at Hull in 1882, and re-
ceived appointments at Torquay, Williton,
Weston-super-Mare and Bournemouth. His
heath failing, he visited S.A. in 1889, where
he travelled for two years, and in 1892
joined the Conference of the Wesleyan Methodist
Church of S.A., and was appointed succes-
sively to Maritzburg and Cape Town. He
founded and was the first editor of " The Metho-
dist Churchman," and later became a minister
without pastoral charge. In 1899 he was
elected second Pres. of the Cape Peninsula
Church Council. In 1901 he was appointed
Librarian of the Cape Parliament. He is a
Doctor of Divinity of the Wesleyan Theological
Coll. of the McGill Univ., Montreal, a Mem-
ber of the Council of the University of the
Cape of Good Hope, of the S.A. Philosophi-
cal Society, and also of the S.A. Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Science,
being appointed editor of the first volume of the
proceedings of the latter association. Has con-
tributed extensively to reviews, magazines and
journals. He married, in 1892, Margaret, dau.
of Alexander McGregor of Rondebosch, for-
merly Mayor of Kimberley.

near Louth, Lines., and of the Oriental Club, was
born in Lincolnshire July 4, 1852 ; was educated
at Charterhouse ; joined the Bengal Civil Ser-

vice (uncovenanted) in 1869 ; was called to
Egypt to assist in reforms in connection with the
Railways and Telegraphs in 1878, and has re-
mained there ever since, taking part in the cam-
paign of 1882 (Egyptian medal and clasp, bronze
star). He is the author of " Unexplored Balu-
chistan," " Etude sur le Nord Etbai," and cer-
tain scientific papers in Arabic. He married,
Sept. 1, 1887, Miss Mary Louisa Watson.


(local Lieut. -Col.), entered the Royal Artillery
as Lieut, in 1894 ; obtained his Captaincy in
1895, and became Major in 1900. In the late
Anglo-Boer War he served on Lord Methuen's
Staff in the advance on Kimberley, and was sub-
sequently with Lord Roberts' Army up to the
capture of Pretoria and the operations to the east
of that place.

With the local rank of Lieut. -Col. he took part
in the operations against the Mullah in Somali-
land in 1903-04, and was slightly wounded at


48, Kensington Mansions, London, was born at
Gravesend, England, in 1853 ; is the eldest son
of William Alexander Forrester, of Juniper
Green, Edinburgh, and was educated at the
Albion House Acad., Woolwich. He has
been connected with the S.A. trade nearly
all his life with the great ship owners and
shipping house of Houlder Brothers & Co., Ltd.,
of which he is now Managing Director, and he
is also a Director of the Houlder Line, Ltd.
During this time he has made many visits
to S.A. He has had nearly 23 years' ser-
vice as an officer in the Essex Volunteer Ar-
tillery, joining as Second-Lieut, and retiring in
1899 with the rank of Lieut. -Col. and the Volun-
teer Decoration (1898), since when he has con-
tinued to render service on the Council of the
National Artillery Association. His principal
recreations are boating and walking. Mr.
Forrester was married in 1880 to Mary, dau.
of Henry Mills, of London.

FORT, GEORGE SEYMOUR, of 2, Little Stan-
hope Street, Mayfair, and of the Bath Club, is
the son of the Rev. B. Fort, Rector of Cooper-
sale, Essex, and was educated at Uppingham
and Oxford where he graduated B.A. He was
Private Secy, to Maj.-Gen. Sir Peter Scratchley,
High Commissioner of New Guinea and the
Western Pacific, 1885-86; Private Secy, to the
Right Hon. Lord Loch, Melbourne, Victoria,



1886-89. In the latter year he proceeded to
Cape Town, where he remained until 1891. He
was appointed magistrate in Umtali, Manicaland,
in 1893. Mr. Fort was well known in the row-
ing world, having taken part in the Oxford and
Cambridge races in 1893-94. He is the author
of various articles on Australia and S.A., which
at the time of publication excited great interest.

C.M.G., Second Class Order of the Osmania,
Second Class Order of the Medjidieh, of 7, Rue
des Ptolemees, Alexandria, Egypt, was born in
Mauritius Dec. 26, 1850. He is son of the late
Major-Gen. E. H. H. Foster of the 12th Regt.
and the 18th Regimental District, his mother
being youngest dau. of Capt. G. Fairbairn Dick,
late Colonial Secy. , Mauritius. He was educated
privately and at the Thomason Engineering
Coll., Roorkee, India. He joined the Irrigation
Branch of the Indian Public Works Dept. in
1871, and was selected for employment in the
Irrigation Service of Egypt in 1884. He re-
signed his office under Govt. ten years
later to take up the managing direction of the
Bahera Company, which is largely interested in
land reclamation. He married, Feb. 24, 1875,
Annie, youngest dau. of the late Christopher
Strachan, of Inverness.

FOSTER, J.,M.L.A.,is a member of the S.A.
party, and was elected to represent the division
of Oudtshoorn at the general election in Feb.,

FOX, SIR DOUGLAS, Knt., of 12, Queen's
Gate Gardens, S.W., and the St. Stephen's and
National Clubs, was born at Smethwick, May 14,
1840 ; is the eldest surviving son of the late Sir
Charles Fox ; was educated at Cholmondeley
Sch., Highgate, and King's Coll., London, of
which he is a Fellow. He is a civil, mechanical
and electrical engineer, and senior partner of the
firm of Sir Douglas Fox and Partners ; Past Pres.
of the Institute of Civil Engineers, Member of
the Institutes of Mechanical and Electrical En-
gineers, and Hon. Member of the American
Institutes of Civil and Mechanical Engineers.
Sir Douglas has been prominently identified
with railway enterprise in S.A. He is
joint engineer with Sir Charles Metcalfe to the
Rhodesian and Mashonaland Railways, Joint
Consulting Engineer to the Cape Govt. Railways,
and Joint Consulting Engineer to the African
Concessions Co., which holds the concession for
the use of the water power of the Victoria Falls.

He was knighted in 1886 in connection with his
work as engineer of the Mersey Railway tunnel.
He married, May 26, 1863, Mary, dau. of the late
Francis Wright, of Osmaston Manor, Derby.

FOX, HENRY WILSON, B.A., of 4, Halkin
Street, London, S.W., and of the Junior Carlton,
Wellington, and Prince's Clubs, was born at
Cavendish Square, London, Aug. 18, 1863. He
is the son of Wilson Fox, M.D., Physician in
Ordinary to her late Majesty Queen Victoria ;
was educated at Charterhouse, Maryborough
Coll., Univ. Coll., Lond., and Trinity Coll.,
Camb., of which he was Exhibitioner and
Scholar ; B.A., Natural Science Tripos. He
was called to the Bar, Nov. 29, 1888, and was
Equity Scholar of Lincoln's Inn (1888). He was
admitted Advocate of the Supreme Court of the
Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, and Advocate
of the High Court of Southern Rhodesia in 1894.

Mr. Wilson Fox went to Johannesburg at the
beginning of 1889, and in 1892 became editor of
the " S.A. Mining Journal," in which capacity
he assisted Mr. John Hays Hammond in drafting
the Rhodesian Mining Laws, which first brought
him into touch with Mr. Rhodes, and led to his
being appointed Public Prosecutor of Rhodesia
in the same year. He served through the rising
in Matabeleland with the Salisbury-Gwelo
Relief Column in 1896, and in the following year
he went through the Mashonaland campaign as
Director of Transport and Commissariat, with
quite exceptional success under quite exceptional
difficiilties (despatches, medal, with clasp). He
returned to England for a holiday in May, 1897,
and was unexpectedly offered the appointment,
in June, 1898, of Manager of the B.S.A. Co,
a responsible and arduous position which
he still fills (now jointly with Mr. J. F. Jones,
q.v.), also representing the Chartered Co. on
the boards of many of the principal Rhodesian
Cos. He took a large share in the extraordinarily
successful flotation of the Charter Trust and
Agency, of which he is also a Director. His duties
mainly lie in connection with the commercial
aspect of the Chartered Co., for which his all-
round knowledge of mining, finance and law
gives him exceptional authority. Mr. Fox is one
of the most popular men in S.A. circles ; is a fine
speaker, and a fervid supporter of the imperial-
istic ideals of the late Cecil Rhodes. He repre-
sented Cambridge University at lawn tennis in
1885-6, and has made that game and golf liis
principal recreations since. He married, July
19, 1898, the Hon. Eleanor Sclater-Boothe, a
sister of the present Lord Basing.


FRASER, WILLIAM PEBCY, of Johannesburg,
and of the Pretoria and Rand Clubs, was born at
Ipswich, Oct. 26, 1849. He is son of Wm.
Fraser, of j Grimdisburgh Hall, near Woodbridge,
Suffolk ; was educated at the Gram. Sch.,
Ipswich, and went to S.A. in 1879, serving as a
Volunteer during the siege of Pretoria, 1880-1.
In conjunction with the late Advocate, H. W. A.
Cooper, of Pretoria, he formulated the Gold
Law No. 1 of 1883 ; was a member of the first
Diggers' Committee of the Witwatersrand
throxighout its existence ; was a member of the
National Union at Johannesburg prior to the
S.A. War of 1899, and was afterwards a member
of the Uitlander Committee at Diirban. Mr.
Fraser has been on the Witwatersrand Council
of Education since its inception, and is a member
of the governing body of the Technical Institute
for the^Transvaal. He married Miss Ellen Maud
Cook, of Estcourt, Natal.

STEPHEN, M.A., F.S.S., of Bedwell Cottage,
Rosebank, C.C. ; Swanbourne, Muizenburg,
C.C., and the Civil Service Club, Cape
Town, was born at Bedwell Park, Hatfield,
Herts, Aug. 6, 1874 ; is the son of the Hon. and
Very Rev. W. H. Fremantle, Dean of Ripon,
who was son of the first Lord Cottesloe and the
Hon. Mrs. W. H. Fremantle. He was educated
at Eton and Oriel Coll., Oxon.. ; First Class
Classics, Oxon, 1895-7 ; Lecturer in Greek at
University Coll., Aberystwyth, 1897-8 ; Lec-
turer, Worcester Coll., Oxon., 1898-9 ; Professor
of English and Philosophy at the S.A. Coll.,
Cape Town, 1899 ; Member of the University
Council, 1899 ; Professor of Philosophy alone
at the S. African Coll., 1903. In 1903
he was Secy, of Section " D " of the South
African Assn. for the advancement of Science,
and Mem. of the Council of the Assn., and pro-
ceeded to England in that year to collect funds
in aid of the Prince of Wales' Professorship of
History at the S.A. Coll. Prof. Fremantle
published in 1899 " Oxford, A Retrospect
from South Africa " ; he edited the " South
African Educator " in 1902, and in 1903 he re-
signed his professorship at the S.A. Coll. to be-
come joint-ed. of the Bond paper, the " South
African News," and Director of the S.A.
Newspaper Co. In politics, he was a Progressive
vintil the split in that party on the question of
Suspension, when he went over to the new S.A.
party. In view of the changes in parties
which have recently taken place in S.A. he is
careful to define himself further as not of the Old

S.A. party, or of the New Progressive party.
He was unsuccessful Bond candidate at the
general election in C.C. in 1904. He mar-
ried, Apr. 20, 1899, Margaret Elizabeth,
youngest dau. of Alexander MacDonald,
Keeper of the University Galleries, Oxon.

FROST, HON. JOHN, M.L.A., C.M.G., of
Thibet Park, Queenstown, C.C., is a progres-
sive farmer in that division. He served as
Commandant of Volunteers in the frontier wars
of 1877-78, receiving the thanks of Parliament
and the C.M.G. for his services. He entered
the Cape Parliament as member for Queenstown
as far back as 1874, and has represented that
division ever since, being last re-elected in 1904.
He took office in the second Rhodes Ministry in
1893, first as Secy, for Native Affairs and
then as Secy, for Agriculture, going out in the
great Rhodes smash in 1896. In 1900, however,
he entered Sir G. Sprigg's Cabinet as Minister
without portfolio, but in June, 1902, he became
Secy, for Agriculture. He was not included in
Dr. Jameson's Cabinet in 1904, although he is a
supporter of his party.

merchant and farmer of the Eastern Province
of the Cape Colony. He is a strong supporter
of the Progressive cause in the Colony ; was
re-elected member of the Legislative Assembly
for Tembuland at the general election in Feb.
1904, and joined Dr. Jameson's first Ministry as
Secy, for Agriculture in the same month.

Cape of Good Hope, of 100, Victoria Street, S.W.,
39, Hyde Park Gate, S.W., and of St. Stephen's
Club, Westminster, was born at West Drayton,
Middlesex, in August, 1831, is the son of the Rev.
Andrew Gunton Fuller, and was educated at
Bristol Coll. He became Baptist Minister at
Melksham (Wilts), Lewes and Luton in the early
part of his career, and contributed to the London
Press until Aug., 1864, when he proceeded to
Cape Town, there to become Ed. of the " Cape
Argus." He was Cape Govt. Emigration Agent
in London from 1873 to 1875, when he resigned
that office to accept the general managership of
the Union Steamship Co.'s Agency in the Cape
Colony. This latter office he held until Dec.
1 898, when he resigned it and became a Director
of De Beer's Consolidated Mines, Ltd., in the
Colony. He was elected a Member of the House
of Assembly for Cape Town in 1878, 1884 and 1888,
and resigned his seat therein on being offered the



office of Agent-Gen, for the Cape of Good
Hope in London, the duties of which he
assumed on Jan. 1, 1902. He married: first, in
1855, Mary Playne, dau. of Isaac Hillier, of
Nailsworth, Glos. ; and second, in 1875, Eliza-
beth Fuller, dau. of the Rev. Thos. Mann, of
Cowes, I.W.

S.A., and of the East London and King Wil-
liam's Town Clubs, is the son of T. E. Fuller,
C.M.G. (q.v.), Agent-Gen, for the Colony of
the Cape of Good Hope. He was born July 6,
1858, at Melksham, Wiltshire, and was educated
at the S.A. Coll., Cape Town, and the
London Univ. Sch. He has the medal for
the Kafir War 1877, and during the Boer
War, 1899-1902, he commanded as Lieut. -Col.
the East London Town Guard. At the present
he is Director of Dyer & Dyer, Ltd., Chairman
of the East London Harbour Board and Con-
sular-Agent for the U.S.A. He takes a great
interest in athletic sports, and is Pres. of the
East London Rowing Association.

Bichenhall Mansions, Portman Square, London ;
Carse Grange, Errol, Perthshire, Scotland ; and
of the City (Cape Town), Rand, Gresham, and
S.A. Clubs ; is the eldest son of the late George
Gardiner, of Dublin, and is descended from an
old Perthshire family, the late George Gar-
diner having been one of the first managers of
the National Bank of Ireland. Mr. E. B.
Gardiner resided for five years in Bohemia,
Austria (at the rutset of his career), where he
represented the London Board of Directors of a
large colliery Co. carrying on business in Bo-
hemia ; he then entered the service of the
Standard Bank of S.A., Ltd., where he remained
for over thirty years, retiring therefrom in Jan.,
1902. During Mr. Gardiner's period of service
in the Standard Bank he held for a considerable
time the post of Manager at the Johannesburg
Branch, and from this position he was promoted

Online LibraryWalter H WillsThe Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book → online text (page 12 of 49)