Walter H Wills.

The Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book online

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several occasions acted as Magistrate for the
Umtali District. He was appointed Asst.
Magistrate for Umtali and J.P. for Southern
Rhodesia in 1900. Mr. Hulley saw active
service again as Capt. of the Umtali Volun-

7 8


teers in the Mashonaland Rebellion in 1896.
He represented the district of Umtali at the
funeral of the late Hon. Cecil Rhodes in the
Matoppos. He was detailed for duty with
the Anglo-Portuguese Boundary Commission in
1896, and on war breaking out in the Transvaal
he volunteered for service. He married, Oct.
13, 1897, Georgina, third dau. of Edward

Holmhurst, Reigate, Surrey, and of the Sports
and Imperial Colonies Clubs, is the son of Col.
Charles Hunter, Royal (Bengal) Artillery. He
was born at Allahabad, India, Sept. 7, 1864,
and joined the Colonial Civil Service in Nov.
1883 ; served in various capacities in St. Lucia
and Grenada, West Indies, from that time until
Oct. 1891 ; in that year he was transferred to
the Gold Coast Service. In Nov. 1896 he was
appointed Asst. -Colonial Secy, of Sierra Leone
and a J.P. for that Colony. In 1897 he was
re-transferred on promotion in a similar capa-
city to the Gold Coast, where he held numerous
appointments, including those of Colonial Secy.
and Deputy-Governor, and member of the
Executive and Legislative Councils of the
Colony. For his services in connection with
the Ashanti Expedition of 1900 he was men-
tioned in despatches, and appointed a Com-
panion of the I.S.O. (May, 1903). He was
appointed Chief Asst. Colonial Secy, for the
Gold Coast Colony, Oct. 1901.

C.M.G. (1898), of Colinton, Durban, Natal,
and of the Durban Club, is the son of David
Hunter, of Bronburn, Linlithgowshire, Scot-
land. He was born Jan. 24, 1841, at Bronburn,
and was educated at the Parish and Free Church
Schs., Kirkliston, Linlithgowshire. He entered
the service of North British Railway Co.,
Edinburgh, as an apprentice in the Accountants'
Dept., 1853, and served successively in
the Stores, General Superintendent's, and Gene-
ral Manager's Depts. till 1879, when he
was appointed by the Secy, of State for the
Colonies to the office of General Manager of
Natal Govt. Railways at their inception.
In 1881 and 1882 his services to the military
a-uthorities during the Boer War were noticed
in despatches by Gen. Sir Evelyn Wood, and
he received the thanks of the Secy, of State.
In the same year he was appointed by the
Governor a Commissioner of the Natal Harbour
Board. In 1 883 he was elected first President of

the Natal Caledonian Society. In 1890 he was
created a Member of the Executive Council of
the Colony under Royal Sign-Manual, and was
a member of the Harrismith Railway Con-
ference. In 1892-3-4 he was a Delegate
of the Natal Govt. to the Govt. of the
(late) S.A.R. on Railway Extension to
Johannesburg, which ultimately was ar-
ranged under agreement, the construction of
the line being carried out by Natal in 1894-5,
he representing the Govt. as contractor. He
represented Natal in various conferences on
Railway and Harbour questions at Cape Town,
Pretoria, East London, Johannesburg, and
Bloemfontein. He originated, and was the
first Chairman of the S. A. Railway
Officers' Conference, Pietermaritzburg, 1897.
Elected Chairman of Port Advisory Board,
1898, and was a Member of Coal Industry Com-
mission, appointed by Govt. in same year. He
was first Pres. of Durban Church Council, 1899 ;
was elected Chairman of Colonial Reception
Committee in connection with Royal Visit to
Natal, 1901. Sir David's services during the
Boer War were mentioned in the despatches
by Genls, Sir George White, Sir Red-
vers Buller, Field - Marshal Lord Roberts,
and Lord Kitchener. He was Chairman
of the S. A. Congregational Union in 1903.
He married, Oct. 5, 1865, Margaret Gordon
Laing, second dau. of Robert Laing, of Mossy
Mill, Colington, near Edinburgh.

M.L.C., of Bulawayo ; the Redwoods, Johan-
nesburg (P.O. Box, 6434) ; and the Bulawayo,
Rhodesia, and Junior Constitutional Clubs;
son of Bury Victor Hutchinson, Solicitor ;
was born in England ; educated at King's Coll.
Sch., London, and spent the early part of his
life in the redwoods of California and on the
plains as a cowboy. Returning to England
he became a solicitor and member of the firm
of Hutchinson & Sons, Lincoln's Inn Fields.
He went to S.A. in 1896 during the Mata-
bele rebellion, and was admitted as a solicitor
in Rhodesia, where he practised until the war,
when he joined the Rhodesian Frontier Force,
serving as Lieut, in the Rhodesian Volunteers.
He was severely wounded at the commence-
ment at Tuli ; was sent home as one of the
delegates to interview Mr. Chamberlain, on
behalf of the S.A. Vigilance Assoc. in connection
with the peace terms. On returing to S.A.
he took commmand of " G " squad of 2nd
Kitchener's Fighting Scouts, and saw much



fighting with Col. Wilson's column in the
N. Transvaal and O.B.C., being mentioned in
despatches by Lord Kitchener for conspicuous
gallantry at Blauwkrantz, O.R.C. He was on
the Staff and Special Intelligence at Pretoria
at the close of the war, when he resumed his
practice as a solicitor in the firm of Hutchinson,
Sons & Russell, of Johannesburg and London.
Capt. Hutchinson is the author of " Two Years
a Cowboy," which is an account of his early life.
He is unmarried.

Reigate, Surrey, was educated at Uppingham
School and abroad. Amongst S.A. agri-
culturists and merchants Mr. Ingram is well
known, and to the Cape alone his firm, the
Surrey Seed Co., of which he is Managing
Director, has shipped enormous amounts of
seed of all descriptions. He has made a close
study of agriculture in various countries,
inquiring into the different local methods of
cultivation and as to the laws and regulations
in force with regard to land cultivation. In
1889 he visited Russia to inquire into the
failure of the crops. He was for some years a
member of the Council of the now defunct
British Fruit Growers' Association, and is a
member of the newly formed Agricultural
Organization Society and of other societies
formed for the advancement of agriculture.
He is devoted to shooting and all sorts of sport,
and in 1898 embarked on a sporting expedition
through Finland and Lapland. He speaks
German and Scandinavian fluently.

LL.B., of Park Street, Pretoria ; and of the
Reform (London), Civil Service and City (C.T. ),
the Pretoria and Athenseum (Johannesburg)
Clubs, was born in Grahamstown, Jan. 8, 1855.
He is son of James Rose Innes, C.M.G., late
Under Secy, for Native Affairs for the C.C.,
and a nephew by marriage of Sir Gordon
Sprigg. He was educated at Bedford and at
the Gill Coll., Somerset East, and graduated
B.A. and LL.B. at the Cape University. Sir
James was admitted an advocate of the Supreme
Court, Cape Town, in 1878. He satin the Cape
House of Assembly from 1884 as member for
Victoria East, and at the General Election in
1888 was elected for the Cape Division, being
re-elected in 1894, and retaining his seat until
1902. He was made Q.C. in 1889 ; was At-
torney-Gen, in the first Rhodes Ministry,
which he resigned in 1893. He was retained

by the Imperial Govt. on behalf of the British,
American and Belgian Reform prisoners, tried
for high treason against the S.A.R., but owing
to a slight technical objection, he was not per-
mitted to address the Court. He was allowed,
however, to sit at counsels' table and to advise
the barristers defending the prisoners. After
the latter were imprisoned Mr. Innes (as he
then was) remained in Pretoria with Mr. (now
Sir Richard) Solomon, endeavouring to obtain
some amelioration of their conditions and
mitigation of their sentences. He was Attorney-
Gen, in the Sprigg Ministry, June 1900, re-
signing Feb. 1902, and in the following month
he was appointed Chief Justice of the Trans-
vaal Colony xmder the British Administration,
winning the confidence of British and Afri-
kander alike. He married, Oct. 18, 1881,
Jessie, youngest dau. of the late William Dods
Pringle, of Lynedoch, Glen Lynden, Bedford
District, C.C.

Observatory, Johannesburg, was born in Edin-
burgh Nov. 10, 1861. He was formerly Secy,
of the Royal Observatory of the Cape of Good
Hope, and is now Director of the Transvaal
Meteorological Dept. He is the author of
" Southern Double Stars " and other scientific

INSKIPP, FBANK W., of Rhodesia, was
selected at the latter end of 1903 for the office
of Secy, to the Dept. of Lands for S. Rhodesia.

IRVINE, JAMES, of Devonshire Road,
Claughton, Birkenhead, and of the Reform
Club (Liverpool), National Liberal Club (Lon-
don), and City Liberal Club (London), is the
son of Simon Irvine and Christina Common,
late of Jedburgh, Roxburghshire. He was
born Feb. 16, 1835, at Langholm, Dumfries-
shire. He was educated at the Nest Acad.,
Jedburgh, and received his business education
in Glasgow. Early in 1858 he went to the
West Coast of Africa as a merchant. After
residing there until Dec. 1862, he returned to
Liverpool from which city he has conducted
business with West Africa until the present
time. On his various visits to the Gold Coast
he was struck with the prospects of gold mining,
and early in 1878 he began the first systematic
development of that industry, which resulted
in the formation of the Effuenta and of the
Abbontiakoon Gold Mining Cos. These enter-
prises were not then successful owing to in-



herent difficulties, but Mr. Irvine never lost
faith in the conviction that West Africa would
repay all outlay honestly and judiciously made.
He is at the present time interested in many of
the successful cos., and is chairman of four. In
1882 he was instrumental in bringing about the
first systematic survey of the railway from the
coast to the Tarkwa mines. He has contri-
buted several papers on W. African subjects
to the current literature of the day, which have
been read with considerable interest. He is
a F.R.G.S., Vice-Chairman of the Liverpool
Geographical Society, Medallist of the Society
of Arts, and Knight Commander of the Order
of African Redemption, Liberia. He married :
first, Elizabeth, second dau. of the late John
Hickson, of Liverpool, on June 14, 1864, who
died April 5, 1880, leaving three sons and two
daughters. He subsequently married, on Oct.
14, 1884, Catherine Emma Strong, youngest
dau. of the late Rev. Leonard Strong, of Tor-
quay, and grand-dau. of the late Sir Robert
Dundas, Bart., of Beechwood, Edin., and of
Dunira, Perthshire, by whom he has two sons.

M.L.C., of Pretoria, has been, since March 1903,
Surveyor-Gen, of the Transvaal, a branch of
the Lands Dept. established in 1902, which is at
at present mainly engaged in carrying out
cadastral surveys.

C.B. (1899), was educated at Shrewsbury Sch.
and Jesus Coll., Camb. He was 1st Class Asst.,
Uganda Protectorate, July 1S94 ; Vice-Consul,
Uganda Protectorate, May 1895 ; Deputy Com-
missioner, Uganda, Apr. 1901 ; and was ap-
pointed Deputy Commissioner for the East
Africa Protectorate in April 1902. Mr. Jack-
son is the possessor of the East and Central
African medal, with clasps for Lumbwa and
Nandi, 1897-8.

berg, Cape Town, and of the City Club, Cape
Town, is the son of the late William Jagger, of
Only House, Northowram. He was born Sept.
20, 1859, at Northowram, Yorks., and was
educated at Burnsall Gram. Sch. He went
to S.A. in 1880. He is President of the
Association of the Chambers of Commerce
of S.A. ; member of the Table Bay Harbour
Board, and was elected to represent Cape Town
in the Progressive interest in the Legislative
Assembly in Nov. 1902, being last re-elected

in Feb. 1904. Mr. Jagger is head of the firm
of J. W. Jagger & Co., S.A. merchants. He
is a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, and
a Fellow of the Society of Arts. He married,
in 1885, Mary, only dau. of the late William
Hall, of Cape Town.

JAMESON, ADAM, of Pretoria ; is Commis-
sioner of Lands for the Transvaal, and has
also under his control the Depts. of Agricul-
ture, Irrigation and Water Supplies, and Sur-
veys, the Irrigation Dept. being at present in
process of formation.

M.L.A., C.B. (1894), of 2, Down St., Piccadilly,
W., and of the Beefsteak Club, was born in
Edinburgh Feb. 9, 1853, and is one of many
children of the late R. W. Jameson, W.S. He
was educated at Godolphin Sch., Hammersmith,
and studied medicine at London Univ.,
graduating M.B. and B.S. 1875, M.R.C.S. Eng.
1875, and M.D. 1877. He then went to America,
and on his return to England was offered the
post of Consulting Physician to the Kimberley
Hospital, and a partnership in the practice of
Dr. Prince of that town. Proceeding there
he was soon recognized as one of the leading
members of his profession, with what was
probably the best practice in S.A. From
this period dates his friendship with the late
Cecil Rhodes. In 1881 Dr. Jameson came to
Europe on a holiday, and from the time of his
return to S.A. began his interest in the historic
movement known as the Northern Expansion.
He accompanied Dr. F. Rutherfoord Harris and
Rochfort Maguire, M.P., on a special mission
to Lobengula (whom he treated for gout) ; and
it was perhaps owing to this fact that the mis-
sion was successful in accomplishing its objects.
On his return to Kimberley Dr. Jameson again
resumed the practice of his profession until
Sept. 1889, when with Major Maxwell, Major
Frank Johnson, and Mr. Denis Doyle he un-
officially accompanied another mission to
Lobengula. On the occupation of Mashona-
land. Mr. Colquhoun was administrator of
that territory, but Dr. Jameson held Mr. Rhodes'
power of attorney. During these early days
he had to endure a course of self-denial so severe
that nothing but the most single-minded devo-
tion to his self-imposed duties could have
carried him through. Long wanderings through
the " fly-belt " with Major Johnson in search
of the East Coast route, endless troubles with
his sorely-tried pioneers, imminent prospects



(sometimes realized) of conflicts with Boer
trekkers, Matabele and Portuguese these were
some of the propositions which required his
infinite patience, tact, courage and hard work
to combat.

Eventually reaching Kimberley again, Nov.
15, 1890, he left once more for Mashonaland
on Dec. 2 with some officials of the Chartered
Co. At Rhodes' Drift he met the Boer expedi-
tion organised by Gen. Joubert to set up a new
republic of Banjai in Chartered territory, and
with great tact and firmness prevented the
Boers from crossing the Crocodile River.

On Sept. 18, 1891, Dr. Jameson succeeded
Mr. Colquhoun as Chief Magistrate and Ad-
ministrator of Mashonaland ; he took over also
the administration of Matabeleland from Sept.
1894, and in Oct. following was appointed
Resident Commissioner of the territories along
the western border of the S.A.R., north of
Bechuanaland. These posts he relinquished
in 1895 in consequence of his complicity in the

It is difficult to say when Dr. Jameson's con-
nection with the Transvaal Reform movement
first originated. He possibly for years had in
view the part which he was to play. However
that may be, arrangements were made between
the Reform leaders and Dr. Jameson as early as
Sept. 1895, that he would maintain a force of
some 1,500 mounted men with Maxims and
field artillery on the western border of the
Transvaal (ostensibly in case of difficulties with
the Bechuanaland natives), and the seizure of
the Pretoria fort and the railway was planned
in conjunction with local levies. That was the
original idea, but the arrangements were modi-
fied. The Johannesburg leaders appear to
have somewhat regretted that they had invited
outside aid, and it was agreed with Mr. Rhodes
in Nov. 1895 that the B.B.P. and other troops
should be kept across the border only as moral
support or for assistance in case the Uitlanders-
found themselves in " a tight place," for which
eventuality an undated letter, signed by the
leaders, was handed to Dr. Jameson towards
the end of Nov., setting forth the condition of
affairs and inviting him to come to their assist-
ance. This letter was mainly to justify the
doctor before the British Govt. and the Directors
of the Chartered Co. Dates for the invasion
were tentatively fixed, but the Secy, of the
Reform Committee has recorded that the pri-
mary condition of these arrangements was
that under no circumstances should Dr. Jame-
son move without receiving the word from the

Johannesburg party. Doubts were then enter-
tained as to whether there was not some under-
lying intention on the part of Mr. Cecil Rhodes
and the doctor to come in under the British
flag, and so strong did these suspicions become,
that emissaries were sent to Mr. Rhodes (Dec.
25) to get his clear pronouncement that they
were co-operating for a reformed and repre-
sentative republic only, and the next day
officers were despatched to Dr. Jameson to
emphatically prohibit any movement on his
part, and explaining the flag difficulty and the
unpreparedness of the Uitlanders. But the
doctor began to reveal an impatience which no
protest either from the Committee, from Mr.
Rhodes, or from individuals at Johannesburg
could restrain. On Dec. 28, 1895, he wired
" I shall start without fail to-morrow night," and
he left accordingly with 8 Maxims, two seven-
pounders, one twelve-pounder, and about 480
well mounted men. Such was the consterna-
tion produced by this act that the first impulse
was to repudiate the doctor's interference.
But that was of course impossible. Maxims
had already been placed in position round
Johannesburg, and some 2,000 rifles distributed
and now earth-works were thrown up and
defensive measures hastily taken. The force
left Pitsani at about 5 p.m. on Sunday, and in
spite of messages received from the High Com-
missioner, the British Agent, and the Reform
leaders, warning Dr. Jameson to withdraw his
troops, he continued to Krugersdorp (150
miles), which he reached at 3 p.m. on Wednes-
day. Near here, at the Queen's mine, the
invaders suffered a small reverse, and with-
drew, the firing being carried on until 11 p.m.
During the night the Boers were reinforced
with guns, Maxims, and men, bringing up their
numbers to 1,200 or 1,500 men. Dr. Jameson
seemed quite unacqxiainted with the locality,
and relied on the guidance of a local man, who
led him into the strong position held by the Boers
at Doornkop, Vlakfontein. He made a despe-
rate attempt to break through, his men behav-
ing with great gallantry. But the position was
unassailable, and the force surrendered as 9.15
on Thursday morning, conditionally on the
lives of all his force being spared. The casual-
ties were 18 killed and about 40 wounded, while
the Boers owned to 4 killed and 5 wounded.

Dr. Jameson was handed over by Mr. Kruger's
Govt. to the British Govt. for trial in London.
Following on the police-court proceedings, he
was tried at Bar on the charge of having con-
travened the Foreign Enlistment Act of 1870



by organizing and heading a hostile expedition
from Pitsani-Pitlogo against a friendly power.
The trial commenced on June 20, 1896, at the
High Court of Judicatxire, and lasted seven
days. He was found guilty and sentenced to
imprisonment as a first-class misdemeanant for
fifteen months. He was, however, released
from Holloway in the following Dec. on account
of illness.

After a partial retirement for some years,
Dr. Jameson returned to S.A., serving in the
war (1899-1900), during which time he was
besieged in Ladysmith, doing useful work until
he was himself laid up with enteric. In 1900
he was elected a member of the Legislative
Assembly for Kimberley, and made his maiden
speech in the House on Aug. 28, 1902, in which
he hoped that the Raid might now be forgotten.
Seceding from the Sprigg party, he identified
himself with the Suspension movement, and
was eventually (June 8, 1903), elected leader
of the new Progressive party which, after
a long and difficult struggle, entailing consider-
able organizing powers, tact, control, and
restraint, he led to victory at the general
election in Feb. 1904, himself being returned
as member for Grahamstown. The Progres-
sives being in a majority of five in the new
assembly, and of one in the Council, and Sir
Gordon Sprigg having been defeated at the
poll, the resignation of the Ministry followed
as a matter of course, and a new Cabinet was
immediately formed by Dr. Jameson, consist-
ing of himself as Premier with charge of Native
Affairs, Col. Crewe as Colonial Secy., E. H.
Walton as Treasurer, Dr. Smart as Com-
missioner of Crown Lands and Public Works,
Victor Sampson as Attorney-Gen., Arthur
Fuller as Secy, for Agriculture, and Sir Lewis
Michell as Minister without portfolio, all of
whom are referred to more particularly in
other pages. The Premier will have to exercise
all his qualities of leadership to achieve the
objects of his party, the immediate task being
the passing of an equitable redistribution bill,
and the ultimate aim the Imperial federation
of British S. Africa. But in spite of certain
limitations, he possesses that knowledge of men
and affairs, patience, sobriety of thought and
action, imagination, capacity for hard work,
and that necessary amount of daring which
make for success. If he has not the magnetic
power of a commanding personality, he certainly
does not fail in inspiring friendship and zeal,
courage and persistence. He is accessible and
suave, well able to bear extremes of fortune,

and has never yet forgiven his one great failure.
To the department over which Dr. Jameson now
presides he brings a close knowledge of native
character and a keen appreciation of the neces-
sity of raising the status and usefulness of the

Dr. Jameson is a Director of the British
S.A. Co., and of the De Beers Consoli-
dated Mines, and by the last codicil of Mr.
Cecil Rhodes' will, he was appointed a co-
executor and trustee thereof. He is not

C.M.G. (Apr. 1901), M.V.O. (1901), of 66, Park
Street, Grosvenor Square, and of the Carlton,
Marlborough and Bachelors' Clubs, is the eldest
son of Sir Lewis Jarvis, of Middleton Towers,
King's Lynn, where he was born, Dec. 26,
1855. He was educated at Harrow, and repre-
sented King's Lynn as Conservative M.P. from
1886 to 1892.

As a member of the firm of Partridge & Jarvis,
he was actively interested in the formation and
control of a large number of Rhodesian under-
takings. He was in Rhodesia when the Mata-
bele Rebellion of 1896 broke out. He then
accompanied the Volunteer forces in an un-
attached capacity, but took command of a
squadron on its leader being mortally wounded
(medal). He was again in Rhodesia when
the S.A. War opened in 1899, and joined the
Rhodesian contingent under Col. Plumer,
taking part in the relief of Mafeking. On
leaving Plumer's force at the end of 1900, Col.
Jarvis came to England, but returned three
months later in command of the 21st Battn. of
I.Y. serving with Col. Rimington's and Sir
Henry Rawlinson's columns, during which time
he took part in the successful drives under Gen.
Bruce Hamilton, from the beginning of Nov.
1901 to the end of Jan. 1902. Towards the end
of the war Col. Jarvis was employed in putting
up the Block-house lines from Ermelo to
Carolina in the North, and from Ermelo to the
Swaziland Border on the East (S.A. medal
and four clasps, and King's medal and two
clasps). At the conclusion of hostilities his
battn. was disbanded, but Col. Jarvis was
given the lion, rank of Lieut.-Col. in the Army,
together with the dignity of C.M.G. On return-
ing to England he exchanged from the Derby-
shire Yeomanry Cavalry to take command
under Lord Dunraven of the 3rd County of
London I.Y. a regiment which was formed
out of the old 18th, 21st, and 23rd Batts.


of I.Y. which had served with Col. Jarvis in

In Nov. 1902 Col. Jarvis proceeded to the
Delhi Durbar on the Staff of H.B.H. the Duke
of Connaught. Meanwhile the partnership of

Online LibraryWalter H WillsThe Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book → online text (page 17 of 49)