Walter H Wills.

The Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book online

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Partridge & Jarvis having terminated by the
effluxion of time, Col. Jarvis returned to the City
to supervise his business. Amongst other Com-
panies he is a Director of the India Rubber,
Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works, and many
Rhodesian Cos.

At one time an ardent steeplechaser and
cricketer, he now limits his recreations mainly
to hunting and shooting. Col. Jarvis is un-

ruth, Cornwall, and 124, Palace Chambers,
Westminster, was born Mar. 6, 1865. He is
proprietor of the " Cornubian " newspaper,
Secy, of the National Industrial Assoc., and
Secy, of the S.A. Trade Committee, by whom he
was sent out as Special Commissioner to report
upon the general trade of S.A. (exclu-
ding engineering and textiles). The results of
his investigations were published in 1902 by
P. S. King & Sons under the title of " South
African General Trades." He married, in
1887, Jessica Frances Lemon, dau. of John

JENNINGS, HENNEN, C. E., of Mortimer
House, Egerton Gardens, London, S.W., of
1, London Wall Buildings, E.G., and of the
Union Club, San Francisco, and the Rand Club,
Johannesburg, was born in Hawesville, Ken-
tucky, U.S.A., May 6, 1854, and is son of Jas.
R. Jennings, of Norfolk, Virginia, an owner of
coal mines in Kentucky, by his wife Katherine
Sharpe Hennen, of New Orleans. Mr. Hennen
Jennings was educated at Lawrence Scientific
Sch., Harvard Univ., where he graduated
C.E. in 1877. Since then he has been identified
with many mining undertakings, notably with
the North Bloomfielcl Gold Gravel Mining Co.
in California, in 1877 and 1880 ; the New Almaden
Quicksilver Mines in California, 1877 to 1880,
and 1883 to 1887 ; the Ruby Gold Gravel
Mining Company in California, from 1881 to
1883; and the El Callao Mine, Venezuela,
from 1887 to 1889. From December 1889 to
June 1898 he was Consulting Engineer to H.
Eckstein & Co., Johannesburg, and has been
Consulting Engineer for various periods to the
following Transvaal Gold Mining Companies :
Rand Mines, Robinson, Crown Reef, New Heriot,

City & Suburban, Henry Nourse, Nigel, New
Modderfontein, and others. From July 1898
to the present time he has acted as Consulting
Engineer in London to Messrs. Wernher, Beit &
Co. ; in addition to which he is Director of the
El Oro Mining & Rly. Co. of Mexico, and Presi-
dent (1903 and 1904) of the Institution of Mining
and Metallurgy.

Mr. Jennings is greatly interested in educa-
tional matters ; was a member of Transvaal
School Board in 1897 and 1898 ; Member of two
Technical Education Commissions in Transvaal.
1902, 1903 and 1904 ; Member of the London
Advisory Committee of the Transvaal Technical
Institute, and Member of the Departmental
Committee of the Royal College of Science, etc.,
etc. Besides which he is a Member of the
Institute of Civil Engineers ; American Institute
of Mining Engineers ; South African Association
of Engineers ; Chemical, Metallurgical and
Mining Society of South Africa; Mechanical
Engineers' Association of the Witwatersrand ;
Geological Society of South Africa ; South
African Association for Advancement of Science,
and the Society of Arts.

He is a keen golf player, and a member of
the West Herts and Cinque Ports Golf Clubs.
He married, October 7, 1886, Mary L.,
daughter of John C. Coleman, of San Francisco,

M.I.M. and M., S.A.A.E., of Corona House,
Mayfair, Johannesburg, and of the Rand and
Athenaeum Clubs, Johannesburg, is the son of
James R. Jennings, his mother being a dau. of
Alfred Hennen, a lawyer of New Orleans. He
was born Aug. 13, 1863, in Hancock County,
Kentucky, U.S.A., and was educated at Tours,
France, Hanover, Germany, and Lawrence
Scientific Sch., Harvard Univ. Mr. Jennings
acquired a practical knowledge of mining in the
quicksilver mines of New Almaden and the
Copper Mines of the Anaconda Co. He
went to S.A. as Manager of the Willows
Copper (Argentiferous) Synd.,Ltd., in 1890, and
was appointed Assis. General Manager of De
Beers Consolidated Mines., Ltd. Mr. Jennings
went to the Rand in 1893 as Manager of the
Crown Deep, Ltd., and was appointed Gen.
Manager of the Crown Reef G. M. Co. in 1896 ;
he joined H. Eckstein & Co.'s Mining Dept.
in 1899, and was appointed Consulting
Engineer to that firm in 1900, and is also Consult-
ing Engineer to the Robinson G. M. Co., the
Crown Reef, Bonanza, Robinson, Central Deep,


Ferreira, City and Suburban, Village Deep, New
Modderfontein, Henry Nourse, Turf Mines, Ltd.,
etc. Mr. Jennings was member of the Johannes-
burg Town Council from Dec. 1901 to April
1903, when he did very good service as Chairman
of the Works Committee. He has also taken a
great interest in education ; is a member of the
governing body of the Transvaal Technical
Institute, and is also a member of many scientific
societies. He married, Aug. 18, 1903, Amy
Florence Valby, dau. of Col. Philip Dassie
Home, R.H.A.

JEPPE, CARL, of the Rand Club, was born at
Rostock, Mecklenburg, Germany, in 1858, and
was educated in Germany and Pretoria. He
went to the Transvaal in 1870, entering the
Govt. service as Public Prosecutor for the Water-
burg in 1877. He was admitted to practise as
advocate at the Transvaal bar in 1884, and in the
early days of the Rand he became joint-owner
of the Johannesburg Suburbs Jeppestown and
Fordsburg. He was member of the Diggers'
Committee in 1877 ; Chairman of the Chamber
of Mines in 1888, and Member of the Johannes-
burg Chamber of Mines in the following year.
Mr. Jeppe was elected Member of the Second
Raad for the Rand Gold Fields in 1891, but was
unseated on the ground of informality and
declined to stand again. He was, however,
returned as Member for Johannesburg to the
First Raad in 1893. He was strongly in favour
of extending the franchise to the new-comers
under certain conditions ; advocated a spirited
railway policy and the remodelling of the finan-
cial system of the State. During the 1894
session he was the mainstay of the Progressives
in the Raad, and fought valiantly in the interests
of the Uitlanders. His plea for the alien during
the Franchise debate was said by the " Argus
Annual " to have been recognized as the finest
piece of oratory ever heard in the Raadzaal, and
his speech won over several members of his
side who were previously undecided. At the
conclusion of the session he was publicly
thanked for his efforts in the cause of his con-

JEPPE, JULIUS, Knight of the Danish Order
of Danebrog, and Knight of the Grecian Royal
Order of the Saviour, of 32, Shortmarket Street,
Cape Town, of " Vredenburg," Rosebank, C.T.,
and of the City Club, C.T., is son of the late Dr.
Jeppe of Rostock. He was born September 22,
1855, at Swellendam, C.C., and was educated
at the S.A. Coll. He has had a long com-

mercial career having been connected with
shipping, produce, and manufacturing interests
in S.A. since 1880 for fourteen years in the
Transvaal, and now in Cape Town. His official
positions are Consul for Denmark and Consul for
Greece. Recreations : shooting and riding. He
married, Sept. 24, 1884, Julia, eldest dau.
of the late Capt. Richard Ellis, shipowner, of

JOEL, J. B., of 34, Grosvenor Square, London,
and of Northaw House, Potter's Bar, is son of the
late Joel Joel, and a member of the firm of
Barnato Bros., whom he represents in Johannes-
burg as a Permanent Director of the Barnato
Consolidated Mines. He is also on the Board of
the Johannesburg Consolidated Investment
Co. Mr. " Jack " Joel is a fairly successful
owner of racehorses, and is an accomplished
driver four-in-hand. He married, in 1904, Olive
Coulson, dau. of the late Thos. Sopwith, of 83,
Cadogan Gardens, London.

JOEL, SOLOMON BARNATO, of Johannesburg,
and of 10 and 11, Austin Friars, London, E.G.,
is son of the late Joel Joel, and a nephew of the
late B. I. Barnato, and younger brother of Woolf
Joel, who was foully murdered in Johannesburg
some years ago, He is now one of the chief
members of the firm of Barnato Bros., and as
such largely assists in the control of enormous
interests in mining and industrial companies in
S.A. He is a Director of De Beers Con-
solidated Mines, and is on the Johannesburg
Board of the New Jagersfontein Mining Co. He
is Chairman of the Johannesburg Board of the
Ginsberg, Glencairn, Johannesburg Consolidated
Investment Co., Johannesburg Waterworks,
New Croesus, New Primrose, New Spes Bona
and Pleiades Companies ; is Permanent Director
of the Barnato Consolidated Mines, and is also a
Director in Johannesburg of the Balmoral,
Buffelsdoorn " A," Buffelsdoorn Estate, Chimes,
Ferreira Deep, Johannesburg Estate, Langlaagte
Royal,Lydenburg Gold Farms, May Consolidated.,
New Heidelburg-Roodepoort, New Rietfontein,
New Unified Main Reef, Nigel Deep, Rietfontein
" A," Roodepoort, Transvaal Consolidated Coal
Mines, and the Witwatersrand G. M. Co. Mr.
" Solly " Joel is the owner of the Maiden Erlegh
estate ; he races considerably in Johannesburg
and in England, and is particularly partial to the

Pasha, 2nd Class Medjidieh ; of Cairo ; of Lilly


Hall, Ledbury, Herefordshire, and of the Junior
United Service and Turf (Cairo) Clubs, was born
in Dublin, Aug. 15, 1846. He is son of the
Ven. Evans Johnson, Archdeacon of Ferns, and
Mary. dau. of William Henry Heaton Armstrong,
of Mount Heaton, and of Farney Castle, Ireland.
He was educated at Cheltenham Coll., where
he was in the Cricket XI. in 1864-5. He passed
for Woolwich in June of that year, and joined
the R.A. in January, 1868 ; went to India with
the 9th Brigade in 1869, and held charge of the
Quetta Arsenal during the second Afghan Cam-
paign and seige of Kandahar. He was several
times thanked for services by resolutions of the
Bombay Govt. ; was mentioned in de-
spatches, and his services were a second time
brought to the notice of the Govt. of India by
the Bombay Govt. He had charge of the
Grand Arsenal, Bombay, from the close of the
war, till invalided in 1882 (Afghan medal
1879-82). He acted temporarily as R.M. in
Ireland, but resigned that appointment to join
the Staff of Gen. Val. Baker in Egypt in 1883.
He served as Deputy Inspector-Gen, of
Gendarmerie and Police for several years there ;
was made Lewa (Maj.-Gen.) by Khedivial
decree in June, 1885. On the reorganisation of
the Ministry of the Interior he joined the Ministry
of Justice as Chief Inspector of Native Tribunals,
but gave up that position in 1902 to undertake
the establishment of model workshops, which
were intended to serve as Technical Schools for
Egyptian artisans on a system suggested by

About the year 1895, Johnson Pasha com-
menced to devote a portion of his spare time to
the revival of the ancient ceramic industries of
Egypt, which had been almost abandoned, with
such success that several potteries are now
doing a fairly profitable trade in glazed pottery,
and the industry shows promise of extensive
development. The development of the mining
industry which has recently taken place in
Egypt is also largely due to Johnson Pasha's
initiative. Between 1889-95 he spent most of
his holidays in visiting the ancient mining
centres in the Eastern Desert, which he found
to be much more numerous than had been

As Capt. Johnson, he was secy, of the
Mhow Tent Club from 1873-76, and won the
sportsman's contest at the Mhow Rifle Meeting
in 1875. He published (1887) a translation of
the Gulshan-i-Raz in blank verse with some of
the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. A second
publication (1893) contains the Gulshan-i-Raz,

the introduction to the Diwan of Be-Dil, and a
considerable number of the Rubiayat not
previously translated. Johnson Pasha married,
Feb. 25, 1871, Mary Holroyd, dau. of the
late Maj. J. E. Knox-Grogan, formerly of the
68th Regt.

JOHNSON, MAJOR FRANK, of Finsbury Pave-
ment House, London, E.G., and Erin House,
Clapham Park, S.W., was born in Norfolk in
1866 ; was educated at King's Lynn Gram.
Sch. ; went out to S.A. in 1882, and for
two years was a member of the Cape Civil
Service. In 1884 he joined the 2nd Mounted
Rifles under Colonel (now Gen.) Sir Frederick
Carrington, and took part in the Warren Ex-
pedition to Bechuanaland, at the close of which
he joined the Bechuanaland Border Police, in
which corps he met his future partners, Maurice
Heany and H. J. Borrow. Drawn north by the
reports of wealth in the interior, he left the
B.B.P. early in 1886, and at Cape Town formed
a small syndicate to obtain concessions in the
Protectorate of Lobengula's country. He was
successful in getting a big concession in Khama's
territory, which led to the foundation of the
Bechuanaland Exploration Company. He then
went to Lobengula's kraal, where he was one of
the first white men who dared to ask the sable
chief for a mineral concession. In 1889 Mr.
Rhodes obtained his charter, and in the follow-
ing year set about the effective occupation of
Mashonaland, making, on somewhat original
lines, a contract with Frank Johnson to carry
out the occupation, in which the latter was
assisted by two troops of B.S.A. Police, F. C.
Selous acting as Intelligence Officer, and Frank
Johnson getting the Colonial rank of Major
in other words he was practically, and came to
be known as, the " Contractor " for Mashona-
land. The chief commander of the whole ex-
pedition was Col. Pennefather. After the occu-
pation of Mashonaland he settled down in part-
nership with Heany and Borrow, and acquired
a number of mining and landed interests, which
ultimately were merged into the United Rho-
desia, Ltd. Capt. Borrow was killed at
Shangani in the first Matabele War, and Major
Heany afterwards associated himself with the
Partridge & Jarvis group. From 1890 Maj.
Johnson, made his headquarters at Cape Town,
where he held a commission and took an active
interest in the Cape Volunteer Forces.

In 1896 he was one of the two Colonial officers
chosen by the Cape Govt. as members of
the Commission appointed by Parliament to



inquire into the defences and forces of Cape
Colony, the other members being Imperial offi-
cers. The scheme of defence finally recom-
mended by the Commission was chiefly based on
that of Canada. At the end of 1896, at the out-
break of native troubles in Bechuanaland, Maj.
Johnson was appointed Staff Officer of the
Colonial Forces at the headquarters in Cape
Town, and when an expedition was finally de-
spatched to the Langeberg early in the ensuing
year, under Col. Dalgetty, of the Cape Mounted
Rifles, Maj. Johnson was appointed Chief Staff
Officer. At the close of the expedition he was
specially thanked by the Cape Govt. for
his services. For the next three years he re-
sided with his family in Salisbury, Rhodesia, as
Managing Director of the Mashonaland Consoli-
dated, Limited. In 1900 he returned to Eng-
land, and settled down in London as a Rhodesian
financier and company director. He is now
Chairman of the Rhodesia Consolidated and the
Scottish African Trust, and is on the Boards of
the French South African Development Co.,
Golden Valley (Mashonaland) Mines, Mashona-
land Consolidated, and the Rhodesia Cold
Storage Co. He also took a leading part in the
formation of the Rhodesian Landowners' Asso-
ciation. He is a good game shot, an habitual
motorist, and is married.

field Street, London, W., and of the Devonshire,
Bath, Royal Temple Yacht, and Union des
Yacht Francais Clubs ; is the son of the late
John Lawson Johnston, of Kingswood, Syden-
ham Hill ; was born at Edinburgh in 1873, and
was educated in Canada and at Dulwich College,
England. He has travelled extensively in
Europe, North and South America and North
and South Africa. Commercially his career
has been most successful, amongst the great
enterprises with which he is connected being
Bovril, Ltd. He is now the Vice-Chairman of this
well-known Co. ; he is also a Director of the
" Daily Express " newspaper ; and a Director
of Henderson's Transvaal Estates. Ltd. He is
identified with many philanthropic works, and
is on the Executive Committees of King Edward's
Hospital Fund and the Royal Normal College
for the Blind. Having seen so much of the
British Empire in different parts of the world,
it is not surprising to find that he is an active
member of the Council of the British Empire
League, with the objects and usefulness of whose
work he is profoundly impressed. An enthu-
siastic yachtsman, he is also fond of shooting and

riding, and is a supporter of all forms of healthy
sport. He married, Dec. 4, 1902, Laura, fifth
dau. of the 16th Lord St. John.

(1901), K.C.B. (1896), of 27, Chester Terrace,
Regent's Park, and of the Travellers' Club,
is the son of John Brooks Johnston and Esther
Letitia Hamilton, and was born in London
June 12, 1858. He was educated at King's
Coll., London, and studied at the Royal Academy
of Arts, Burlington House. He graduated
D.Sc. Camb. ; is a Gold Medallist of the Royal
Scottish Geographical Soc., Gold Medallist of the
Zoological Soc., and Medallist of the S. Ken-
sington Sch. of Art.

A man of infinite variety, of high mental
attainments, an fartist, naturalist, musician,
student of human nature, and an Administrator,
Sir Henry has had a career of great distinction,
and may fairly be numbered amongst the band
of empire builders who have done so much to
make the present age illustrious. In 1880 and
the two following years he explored Tunis, West
Africa, and East Africa adding very considerably
to our store of knowledge of these countries. He
was in command of a scientific expedition sent
out by the Royal Society to Mount Kilimanjaro
in 1884. In 1885 he entered H.M. Consular
service as Vice-Consul for the Oil Rivers and the
Cameroons ; Acting-Consul for the High Coast
Protectorate, 1887; and in 1889 was appointed
Consul for Portuguese East Africa. Later in
that year (1889) he led an expedition to Lakes
Nyassa and Tanganyika. In 1891 he was trans-
ferred as H.M. Commissioner "and Consul-Gen,
for British Central Africa, and' received general
recognition for the energy, tact, and skill with
which he carried out the delicate and difficult
mission with which he was entrusted. At the
same time he was appointed Imperial Commis-
sioner for Nyassaland and Administrator of
the British S.A. Co.'s territory north of the
Zambesi. Under his able administration great
progress was made, raising Indian police, con-
structing roads, establishing postal services, in-
augurating schemes for the development of
the resources of the country, and incidentally
checking the slave trade which at that time was
still engaged in about Lake Nyassa. In 1897 he
took up the appointment of Consul-Gen, for
Tunis, where he remained until 1899, in which
year he received the appointment of Special
Commissioner, Consul-Gen., and Commander-
in-Chief for the Uganda Protectorate, where he
served with distinction until 1902. He is a


Director of the British C.A. Co. and was Pres.
for 1903 of the African Society. He con-
tested the constituency of Rochester at a by-
election in Sept. 1903 in the Liberal interest, and
was defeated by Mr. Charles Tuff by 521 votes.
This choice of party by one whose record has
been so far removed from Little Englandism
was received with keen disappointment by the
majority of his Imperialist friends, but Sir Harry
justified his action on the grounds of the necessity
for Free Trade and the callousness of the Con-
servative Govt. in foreign affairs, and more
especially in what he describes as the physical
well-being and education of Englishmen.

Sir Harry is a fellow of many learned Socie-
ties. He has exhibited pictures at the Royal
Academy and other galleries, whilst his sketches
have given an additional value to many of his
books. He has written Essays on the Tunisian
Question (1880-1); on the Congo River, 1884;
on Kilimanjaro, 1885 ; History of a Slave, 1889 ;
Life of Livingstone, 1891 ; British Central Africa,
1897 ; A History of the Colonisation of Africa
by Alien Races, 1899 ; The Uganda Protectorate,
1902 ; and also a number of Blue-books and
Reports on Central Africa, which may be said to
have introduced a style of writing up to his time
quite foreign to the prosaic writings of his prede-

He married, Oct. 15, 1896, the Hon. Winifred
Ii'by, dau. of the 5th Lord Boston, and step-dau.
of Sir Percy Anderson, K.C.B., late Assist.
Under-Secy.- for Foreign Affairs.

of Oaklands Aigburth, Liverpool ; of Pendy-
ffryn, Llanddulas, Abergele, North Wales ; and
of the Constitutional (London), Palatine (Liver-
pool) and the Liverpool Clubs, was born at Car-
marthen in 1845. He came to Liverpool when
very young, and received a sound commercial
education at the Liverpool Coll. Young
men entering on a business career in those
days had to begin at an early age, and Alfred
Lewis Jones started at the bottom rung of the
ladder in a shipowning and ship-broking firm in
the great city on the Mersey, and slowly but
surely mounted up to the top of his profession.
Comparatively early, however, in his mercantile
career he joined the famous firm of Elder Demp-
ster & Co., a shipowning concern engaged in
the trade between Liverpool and West Africa,
and the intimate grasp he possessed of every
branch of the shipping business made him so
invaluable that he soon became part of the firm.
From that moment his life has been one long

series of trading triumphs, and when the magni-
tude and variety of operations in which he has
been engaged are taken into account, there is
scarcely reason for wonder that Sir Alfred is
looked upon as perhaps the most successful
living shipowner in the world. When he joined
the Elder Dempster firm, the West African trade
was exceedingly small, and he very soon per-
ceived that one of the chief reasons for this was
the neglect by the Home Govt. of our pos-
sessions in this part of the world. Whilst push-
ing and developing his own business with the
greatest pluck by building more modern steamers
of larger cargo-carrying capacity and with vastly
better passenger accommodation, he also set
himself the task of sedulously organizing the
traders, and at the same time cultivating friendly
relations with the Colonial authorities, both at
Whitehall and in our dependencies. The result
of this is seen in the admittedly enormous im-
provement which has taken place in recent years
in every detail of the administration of the West
African Colonies, perhaps the greatest of these
changes, and indeed one which has given rise to
all the rest being the selection of the Governors
from an altogether more suitable class of officials,
gentlemen who are at once practical, energetic
and firm, and who fully recognize the impor-
tance of removing all needless obstructions to
the carrying on of trading operations. To
enumerate all the reforms which Sir Alfred Jones
has almost personally been instrumental in
bringing about in our West African possessions,
would be to merely write a history of the modern
progress of that part of the Empire. The word
" personally " is used here advisedly, for though
he is always ably assisted by the Liverpool
Chamber of Commerce, of which he has been for
some years the esteemed President, yet the
infinite tact he has displayed in entertaining the
various officials when they paid visits to this
country, and in approaching from the social side
all who had the power of helping West Africa,
is undoubtedly the chief reason for the adoption
of almost every one of the suggestions put for-
ward by traders. It is indeed to Sir Alfred
Jones that the great Colony of Nigeria owes its
formation, for it is mainly his agitation which
rang the death knell of the Royal Niger Co.
as an administrative corporation ; it is cer-
tainly a fact that there would not have been
a single mile of railway, either at Lagos, Sierra
Leone, or the Gold Coast, but for his advocacy
and diplomatic skill, and it is an undoubted
verity that every nook and corner in British
West Africa bears testimony in some form or


other to the untiring energy and indomitable
resolution of the man who has been rather aptly
styled " the Napoleon of West Africa," The
wonderful success of the mosquito theory in the
fight against the curse of West Africa, malaria,

Online LibraryWalter H WillsThe Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book → online text (page 18 of 49)