Walter H Wills.

The Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book online

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is mainly due to Sir Alfred's generous and deter-
mined espousal of the cause, even from the time
when, as is the case with nearly all great dis-
coveries, it is laughed at, and whether in lavishly
helping forward this magnificent discovery by
forming and endowing the Liverpool School of
Tropical Medicine, in establishing educational
institutes where young West Africans could
come over and finish their education in this
country ,in providing free passages on his steamers
to all and sundry who either wished to go ovit to
the colonies or to come from thence to England,
for the promotion of any scheme likely to for-
ward the interests of our possessions or its inhabi-
tants, or in arranging conferences between
British traders and the various Governors, so
that the administration of the country should
be conducted with the least possible friction, it
may be literally asserted that Sir Alfred Jones
has never rested in his efforts to make West
Africa the huge success it now is, both com-
mercially and politically.

On the way to West Africa lie the Canary
Islands, and Sir Alfred soon saw the possibilities
of the development of Las Palmas as a coaling
station, as well as a valuable depot for collecting
bananas from the various islands, and filling up
his vessels with the fruit which has now become
so popular in this country. As a coaling station
Las Palmas is an unqualified success financially
and in every other way, and so great is the de-
mand for bananas now in England, that the
Canaries cannot produce nearly enough to meet
our needs. Just as in West Africa, everywhere
one goes in the Canary Islands bears evidence of
the push and energy of the subject of the present
sketch, for he has made the place a mere winter
annexe of this country by building hotels, grant-
ing special cheap fares for tourists, and in every
way promoting the interests of the islands.

Some years ago an opportunity occurred for
Sir Alfred to acquire the business of the well-
known Beaver Line, a passenger and cargo steam-
ship service, running between Liverpool and
Canada, and into the conduct of this venture he
threw the same energy and skill that had stood
him in so much stead in the West African trade.
The possibilities of the Dominion in the way of
providing food for the Mother-country were at
once perceived, and he is the first of our ship-
owners to fully grasp the tremendous economies

in working which must result in such a trade by
the use of the modern mammoth sized vessels,
which carry about five or six times as much as
did the cargo boats of only a decade ago. It
is only the other day that this business, then
in the high tide of its prosperity, was sold
to the Canadian Pacific Railway Co. by Sir
Alfred for a sum which has been several times
publicly stated at one and a half millions sterling.
The impetus which is given to the trade of the
Dominion and to the shipping business in general
by the establishment of this line cannot be over-
estimated, for it is shown that with moderate
freights and a good service, the possibilities of
the expansion of commerce between Canada and
Great Britain were far in excess of all previous

During the Boer War these gigantic vessels
proved of the greatest service to the State
in conveying troops, horses and mules to
S.A. ports from all parts of the world, and
the fact that his own services were thereby
largely disorganized in no way stood in the way
of the head of the Elder Dempster Line patrioti-
cally rendering all possible assistance to the
British Govt.

It is natural that to such a man Mr. Cham-
berlain would turn in invoking the aid of an
enterprising shipowner (of whom he is a strong
personal friend) to help the West Indies out of
the dire stress into which it had been thrown by
sugar bounties and the neglect of the develop-
ment of its splendid resources, and though Sir
Alfred has always protested that he got the
worst of the bargain with the Colonial Secretary,
the result of the establishment of the direct West
India mail service, with its magnificent fast
passenger steamers and its obligation to bring
home from Jamaica enormous quantities of
bananas weekly, has been an unqualified good
for the Island and has given a fillip to the trade
and commerce of the place which, but for the
recent unfortunate cyclone, would undoubtedly
have soon made of it one of the most prosperous
of our colonies. The disaster of a short time
ago must have hit Sir Alfred very hard, for with
his usual enterprise he had opened up hotels and
promoted all sorts of businesses likely to be
helpful to the place, and it is to be hoped that
the Government in coming to the assistance of
the Colony will take into account the material
service rendered to Jamaica by the great Liver-
pool shipowner. The development of the
banana trade since the line was established has
been prodigious, and the fact that he is chiefly
responsible for the initiation and the present



position of this traffic,which has made the banana
the food and fruit of the pauper as well as of the
peer of this country, is one of the achievements
on which Sir Alfred may be most sincerely

As a public man Sir Alfred Jones has over
and over again been asked to stand for Parlia-
ment, but he knows full well that he can be of
greater assistance to the Commonwealth out-
side St. Stephen's and has wisely refused many
of the safest seats, but as President of the Liver-
pool Chamber of Commerce he has infinite oppor-
tunities for serving his country, and no appeal
to his purse or his time in this direction is ever
met with a refusal. Besides this he is Chairman
of the Liverpool Steam Shipowners' Association,
is Consul in Liverpool for the Congo Free State,
and is Pres. of the Liverpool School for the Study
of Tropical Diseases. To find time for all the
public work involved in these by no means
" sinecurial " positions, and to be Chairman of
the Elder Dempster Shipping Co., Ltd., the
British & African Steam Navigation Co., Ltd.,
the Imperial Direct West India Mail Service Co.,
Ltd., the Bank of British West Africa, and of
Elders & Fyffes, Ltd. (the great Canada firm)
would seem a superhuman task, but Sir Alfred
gets through it all with the utmost coolness, and is
withal perhaps the most courteous and approach
able man in England. Quite recently he served
on the Committee appointed by the Admiralty
to inquire into the question of our Naval
Reserves, and in recognition of his great services
to West Africa and Jamaica he was decorated
in 1901 with his K.C.M.G., whilst Jesus Coll.,
Oxford, has conferred on him the degree of
Honorary Fellow.

JONES, JOHN FKANK, C.M.G., of 41, Hat-
field Road, St. Albans, and of the New Club, j
was born July 29, 1861. He joined the staff
of the British S.A. Co. upon its forma-
tion. In 1896 he was appointed Asst.-Secy.,
and when Mr. Herbert Canning resigned in 1898,
he succeeded him as Secy. In addition to that
post he was made Joint-Manager with Mr.
Wilson Fox in 1902. He also represents the
large interests of the Chartered Co, on the Boards
of several Rhodesian undertakings. Although
Mr. Jones' knowledge of Rhodesia was exceed-
ingly extensive, he had never been to that
country until, at the latter end of 1902, he
accompanied Mr. Beit, Dr. Jameson, and Sir
Lewis Mitchell on a trip extending right through
Matabeleland and Mashonaland, where he
acquired a practical acquaintance with the

country's conditions of the greatest advantage
to him in the interests of the Company he so ably
serves. In recognition of his services to the
Govt. in connection with the S.A. War he was
made a C.M.G. in Oct. 1902.

Giles, Grahamstown, and Ravensworth, Clare-
mont, and of the Civil Service (C.T.) and Port
Elizabeth Clubs, is the son of Thomas Jones,
of Stanimore, Rondebosch, by Sarah Elizabeth
Head Twentyman, dau. of John Twentyman, of
Dwerry House, Lancashire. He was born
Jan. 20, 1849, and educated at the Diocesan
Coll., Rondebosch, and the S.A. Coll., Cape
Town. He took the second class certificate
of the Cape Board of Examiners, graduated B.A.
in 1868 ; entered Trinity Hall, Camb., in 1868,
and was Legal Prizeman and Scholar of his year,
graduating LL.B. in 1872, LL.M. in 1876, and
LL.D. in 1890. He was called to the Bar at the
Middle Temple in 1873, and joined the Supreme
Court Bar as an Advocate in 1874. In 1878 he
entered the Cape Town Cavalry as Sec. Lieut,
and later the D.E.O.V.R. Subsequent to 1881
he was frequently one of the Law Examiners
at the Cape Univ. In 1882 he was raised to the
Bench of the Supreme Court and assigned as
Senior Puisne Judge to the High Court of Griqua-
land, where he frequently acted as Judge-Presi-
dent. In 1887 he was assigned to the Court of
the Eastern Districts, and occasionally acted as
Judge-President, which office he has held since
the retirement in 1901 of Sir Jacob D. Barry. In
1891, during the absence of the Chief Justice from
the Colony, he occupied the position of Senior
Puisne Judge in the Supreme Court while Sir
John Buchanan was Acting Chief Justice. At
Kiniberley he was President of the Agricultural
Soc., Chairman of the Public Schools, and Presi-
dent of the Boating Club, which, it is interesting
to state, rowed their weekly excursion near the
scene of the great Modder fight. At Grahams-
town for some time he was Chairman of the
Public Schools, of the Public Library, and
President of the Eastern Province Literary and
Scientific Soc. He has had the honour of being
the founder of the leading colonial football
club (which now holds the championship cup)-
the Villagers F.C. His recreations are driving,
riding, rowing, fishing. He married Florence,
dau. of Henry M. Arderne, of the Hill, Claremont,
in 1878.

Archbishop of Cape Town and Metropolitan

9 o


of the Church of S.A., of Bishop's Court, Clare-
mont, C.C., and of the Royal Colonial Institute,
is the son of E. H. Jones. Was born at South
Hackney, May 11, 1838, and was educated at the
Merchant Taylors' Sch. and St. John's Coll.,
Oxon. He graduated B.A. 1860, M.A. 1864,
B.D. 1870, and received the Hon. Degree of D.D.
1874. He was Fellow of St. John's Coll., Oxon.,
1859; Hon. Fellow, 1895; from 1861 to 1864 he
was Curate of St. Matthew's, City Road, London ;
Vicar of Sunierstown, Oxon., 1864-74 ; Oxford
Preacher at Whitehall Chapel, 1870-72; Rural
Dean of Oxon. 1871-4 ; was consecrated in West-
minster Abbey, Bishop of Cape Town and Metro-
politan, 1874 ; Archbishop of Cape Town, 1897.
He married Emily, dau. of John Allen, of
Altrincham, Cheshire, in 1879.

and of the Bulawayo and Gwelo Clubs, is the son
of Dr. Robert Jordison, of Hornchurch, Essex.
He was born July 28, 1866, at Hornchurch, and
was educated at the Albert Memorial Cottage,
Framlingham, Suffolk. He left England for
S.A. in Dec. 1888, and proceeded to Johannes-
burg, and from there to Bulawayo in 1894.
He is one of the pioneers of Rhodesia ; served
as Lieut, in the '96 Rebellion, and raised the
Gwelo Troop of the Southern Rhodesia Volun-
teers, of which he became Capt., resigning his
commission in July 1903 (medal). Recreations :
shooting and all kinds of sports.

JORRISEN, DR., acted as Justice of the
High Court of the S.A.R. during the Kruger
regime. He was so violently opposed to the
Reform movement that he honestly recog-
nised the impossibility of maintaining an
impartial attitude, and therefore refused to
preside over the Court at the trial of the

JOUBERT, CHRISTIAAN, was Minister of
Mines for the Transvaal under the Govt. of the
S.A.R., and was one of the members of
the Industrial Commission appointed by the
Transvaal Govt.

Sworn evidence was adduced that the attempt
to " jump " the Ferreira claims had been sug-
gested by Mr. Joubert himself.

Surveyor-Gen, of C.C., of Cape Town, is of German
parentage and was born at Jammi, West Prussia.
Educated at Orandeny and Berlin. He entered
the German Army in 1860, was promoted Capt.

in the Royal Artillery in 1871. In the interval
he fought in the wars of Prussia against Denmark
(1864), against Austria (1866), and against
France (1870-1). For his distinguished services
he received the decoration of the Iron Cross on
the battlefield of Sedan. In 1872 he went to
S.A., and obtained (July 1878) the appointment
of Col. Govt. Land Surveyor ; was appointed
Acting Examiner of Diagrams, April 1879 ;
Examiner of Diagrams, July 1882 ; University
Examiner in Science, 1891 ; Second Asst.
Survey or- Gen., July 1892 ; First Asst., July
1897 ; and Surveyor-Gen., Aug. 10, 1902. He
received the thanks of Lord Kitchener for assist-
ance rendered in compiling maps during the
S.A. War of 1899-1902. He married, Sept. 2,
1872, the Countess Marie Antoinette de Marillac.

son of the late Heinrich Just, of Bristol, was
born in 1854. He was educated at Bristol
Gram. Sch., and Corpus Christi Coll., Oxon.
He was Private Secy, at the Colonial Office
to the late Earl of Derby, to Earl Stanley (then
Col. F. A. Stanley), to the late M. E. Stanhope,
to Sir Henry Holland (now Lord Knutsford),
to Sir Geo. Osborne-Morgan and the Marquis of
Ripon. He subsequently became principal
clerk in the Colonial Office, and head of the
S.A. Dept. In 1902 he accompanied Mr.
Chamberlain on his African tour. He married,
in 1879, Katherine Francis, dau. of Samuel

Port Elizabeth ; K.C., of Cape Town, was born
at Cape Town in 1858. He was educated in
Cape Colony and in England ; was admitted an
advocate of the Supreme Court of Cape Colony
in 1880, and devoted himself mainly to law
reporting and Chamber practice. He was also
formerly Law Examiner at the Cape Univer-
sity. He was Judge of the High Court of
Griqualand West ; was appointed a special
Commissioner in the settlement of the Swazie-
land difficulties in 1890 ; became Attorney-
Gen, on Mr. Schreiner's resignation in 1893, but
resigned that office in September, 1894. From
1896 to 1898 he was Speaker of the Cape Parlia-
ment, and he coalesced with the Progressive
Party in the endeavour to persuade the Colonial
Secy, to agree to the temporary suspension of the
Cape Constitution towards the end of the S.A.
Wa.r. He was last returned to the Cape Parlia-
ment in Feb. 1904, and was offered office in Dr.
Jameson's Cabinet, which, however, he did not



see his way to accept. Sir Henry is a partner
in the great publishing firm of Juta & Co., of
Cape Town, and married a dau. Mr. M. M. Tait.

Aram-Gah (Abode of Peace), 79, Broadhurst
Gardens, South Hampstead, N.W., is the son of
James and Elizabeth Keane, of London. He
was born in 1835 at Cork, Ireland, and educated
at his native place, Dublin, Jersey, Rome and
Hanover. He has devoted his life chiefly to
ethnological, philological and geographical
studies. His principal life work has been the
preparation of a scheme of ethnology in three
parts. The first part deals with fundamental
problems antiquity, unity, cradle dispersion,
physical and mental characters of man
Cambridge University Press, 1896. Part 2,
with the main division of mankind Camb.
Univ. Press, 1900. He is now engaged upon
Part 3, which comprises a Universal Anthropo-
logical A.B.C. with 20,000 entries, of which
the American section in MS., 5,000 entries is
completed. His works about Africa include
" Africa," 2 volumes, Stanford Series ; " Boer
States, Law and People" (Methuen) ; "The
Gold of Ophir, Whence Brought " (Stanford). His
recreations are walking and poetry. He mar-
ried, May 24, 1874, the dau. of William Hearn
Jacobs, of Chale Abbey, Isle of Wight, sister of
the late Very Rev. Henry Jacobs, Dean of
Christchurch N.Z.

C.B., of Peamore, Exeter ; and of the Naval
and Military Club, was born in Devonshire on
June 17, 1854, and comes of a family which has
produced many notable men, including Sir
George and Mr. Justice Kekewich. He was
educated at King Edward's Sch., Birmingham,
and at Marlborough Coll., and joined the Loyal
North Lancashire Regt. in 1874. Almost
immediately he found himself in the tented
field, taking part in the Perak Expedition in
1875-6 (medal and clasp) : the Sudan Expedition
in 1884-5, as D.A.A.G. and D.A.Q.M.G. (Des-
patches, medal with clasp, bronze star, brevet
of Maj.) ; the Sudan in 1888, when he was
at SuakinasBrig.-Maj. and afterwards D.A.A.G.
of Mounted Troops, and was present at the
action of Gamaizah (despatches and 4th class
Medjidieh). When the S.A. War (1899-1902)
broke out Gen. Kekewich commanded
Griqualand West and Bechuanaland, and no
man worked harder than the hero of Kimberley
in the defence of that town. Lord Roberts

was of opinion that the greatest credit was due
to Col. Kekewich for the able dispositions which
he made for the defence of Kimberley, an un-
walled town, spread over a wide area, for his
rapid organization of an auxiliary force which,
in conjunction with the regular troops, enabled
him to keep the enemy in check, and for the
tact, judgment, and resolution which he dis-
played throughout the siege.

After the relief of Kimberley Gen. Kekewich
was given the command of a. mobile column,
and from Feb. 1902 until the end of the opera-
tions he had command of a group of mobile
columns. He was severely wounded at the
action of Moedwill and in recognition of his
various distinguished services he was several
times mentioned in despatches ; received the
brev. of Col., was afterwards promoted Maj.-
Gen., and decorated with the C.B. and the
Queen's medal with two clasps and the King's
medal with two clasps. But among his most
valued souvenirs of the war is a handsome
sword presented to him by the inhabitants of
Kimberley. The scabbard is emblazoned with
uncut Kimberley diamonds, and the General's
arms, pictures of the conning tower at Kimberley,
and the charge of his own regt. the Loyal
North Lancashires. General Kekewich retired
from the Army in 1904. He is not married.

at present serving in Somaliland, was born in
1862 ; is second son of Jas. Kenna ; was edu-
cated at Stonyhurst, and entered the 21st
Lancers. He served in the Sudan in 1898,
and throughout the late S.A. Campaign, com-
manding a column from Dec. 1901 to the end
of the war. From Dec. 1902 he has been in
command of mounted troops of the Somali
Field Force with the local rank of Lieut.-Col.
In addition to the V.C. and D.S.O. he possesses
the Royal H\imane Soc. Certificate for saving
life (June 1895) ; for several years he headed the
list of gentlemen riders in India, and has
played in his regimental polo team for 14 years.
Major Kenna married, in 1895, Lady Cecil
Bertie, third dau. of the Earl of Abingdon.

KESSLER, LEOPOLD, of 9, Hanover Square,
W., and of the Rand Club, Johannesburg, was
born in the mining district of Upper Silesia, is
the son of a manufacturer and mine owner. He
was educated at Berlin and the Royal Saxon
Mining Coll., Freiberg, where he graduated
as mining engineer. The anti-semitic feeling in
Germany cauesd him to leave that country. In


1890 he accompanied as mining engineer an ex-
pedition through Matabeleland, where he re-
mained until 1892, when he left for the Witwaters-
rand, acting there as Consulting Engineer for
several financial houses. With the exception of
some intervals, during which he inspected mines
of other countries, and led an exploring expedi-
tion through Arabia Petraea, he has resided in
Johannesburg ever since. He is the author of
" Valuation Plans of the Witwatersrand Gold-
fields " (Edward Stanford, 1902).

KESTELL REV. J. D. Took part in the
war of 1899-02 as Chaplain to Gen. De Wet.
He was captured by the British, and was de-
tained in their camp during the action at Gras-
pan, when it was alleged by the Continental
Press that the British placed Boer women in
front as cover to their troops. Mr. Kestell es-
caped and attended Mr. Steyn on his wanderings
from place to place during the late stages of the
war. He also acted as one of the Secretaries
at the Peace Conference at Vereeniging. His
book " Through Shot and Flame," needless to
say, contains not even a hint of the Graspan
incident referred to above.

J.P. ; Clerk of the House of Assembly of the
Cape of Good Hope ; of Linford, Kenilworth,
near Cape Town, and of the Civil Service Club,
C.T. ; was born in Reading, May 5, 1854,
being the only son of the Rev. S. W. Kilpin,
who died Aug. 6, of the same year. He was
educated at private schools hi Weymouth and
Reading, and entered the Cape Civil Service in
London in 1874, being shortly placed in charge
of the West of England and South Wales Dis-
trict for the purpose of obtaining and forwarding
to the Cape large numbers of the artizans re-
quired for the construction of public works.
In 1876 he went to Cape Town as Private Secy,
to the late Sir Charles Mills, then Under-Colonial
Secy., and when Sir Gordon Sprigg first took
office (Feb. 8, 1878) during the Kafir War, he
sent for Mr. Kilpin to join him on the frontier
as his Private Secy. For some months he
resided in King William's Town, and organized
and carried on there a Colonial Secy's. Office
in miniature. During the next two years
Mr. Kilpin accompanied Sir Gordon Sprigg
on many tours of inspection through the
Colony ; attended him during the negotiations
in Kimberley in regard to the annexation of
Griqualand West to the Cape, and was with
him at the great Disarmament Pitso in Basuto-

land, and at the siege of Morosi's Mountain.
In 1886 he was appointed Clerk- Assistant of the
House of Assembly, and was elected Clerk of
the House in 1897. When Sir Thomas Scanlen
was Prime Minister in 1883 he obtained Mr.
Kilpin' s services as Priv. Secy, for a visit to
Basu toland in the effort to secure a satisfactory
settlement of that territory, which at that time
was annexed to the Cape. He has been Secy,
of the following Cape Govt. Commissions :
Dorthesia, 1877 ; War Expenditure, 1881 ;
Liesbeek Municipality, 1883 ; Diamond Laws,
1887 ; Liquor Laws, 1889 ; Lighthouses, 1890 ;
Fisheries, 1892; Scab, 1893; Defence, 1896.
He was Secy, of the Imperial British and
German Joint Commission on Angra Pequena
and West Coast Claims in 1885, for which in-
quiry H.M.S. Sylvia was specially detached
and fitted up, proceeding up the coast as far as
Walfisch Bay. He has been Examiner in Short-
hand under the Cape Civil Service Commissioners
since that paper was first set in 1889 ; is pro-
prietor and Editor of the " Cape Civil Service
List," which he instituted in 1885 ; author of
the "Parliamentary Agent's Manual (Cape)
1902," and is a J.P. for the whole Colony.
He married, in 1880, Augusta (Lady of the
Royal Red Cross, 1902), dau. of" G. W.
Pilkington, of Cape Town.

turned unopposed to the Cape Parliament as
Progressive Member for Victoria East (C.C.) in
Nov. 1902, and was re-elected in Feb. 1904.

F.R.G.S., M.R.A.S., of Wollescote Hall, near
Stourbridge, was born at Churchill Court, near
Kidderminster, April 28, 1869. He is the
eldest son of the late Wm. Hartley King and
Louisa, dau. of Benjamin Harding, of Wad-
hurst Castle, Sussex. He was educated at
Newton Abbot Coll. and Jesus Coll., Camb.,and
at the Middle Temple. In 1900 he made an
expedition into the Sahara, publishing in 1903
an account of the journey in a paper to the
Royal Geographical Society Journal, and after-
wards in book form under the title of " A Search
for the Masked Tawareks."

KIRK, SIR JOHN, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., of
Wavertree, Sevenoaks, Kent, and of the
Athenaeum Club, is the son of the Rev. John
Kirk ; was born Nov. 1832, at Barry, Forfar-
shire, and was educated at the Edinburgh Univ.,
where he graduated LL.D. He is also D.C.L.



Oxon., Sc.D. Camb., and M.D. Edin. Sir
John Kirk served during the Crimean War in
Asia Minor. He was Chief Officer under the
Foreign Office in Dr. Livingstone's second
Expedition, and with the great traveller ex-
plored and mapped the Zambesi from the coast
to the Victoria Falls, and discovered Lake
Nyassa, 1858-1864. He was appointed H.M.
Vice-Consul at Zanzibar in 1866, and Indian

Online LibraryWalter H WillsThe Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book → online text (page 19 of 49)