Walter H Wills.

The Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book online

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educated privately, and in 1871 entered the
Civil Service under the Imp. Govt. ; served for
eight years in the Control and Audit Office ;
Accountant for East Griqualarid to 1881. He
passed B.A. and LL.B. while in the Civil
Service, and obtained the Cape Univ.
Chancellor's Gold Medal for essay on the
native question in 1877. He was called to the
Cape Bar in Dec., 1881 ; was made Q.C. in
1896; is the leader of the Kimberley Bar, and was
a Director of De Beers Mines from 1902 to 1904.
Mr. Sampson is a sound Progressive, and was
returned to the Cape Legislative Assembly for
the electoral division of Albany in 1898, being
re-elected at the general election in Feb. 1904.
In the same month he joined Dr. Jameson's
Cabinet as Attorney-Gen.

Oxford and Cambridge Club, London, and the
Atheneeum Club, Johannesburg, was born in



London in 1855. He is son of Henry Sargant,
Barrister-at-Law, of Lincoln's Inn, and was
educated at Rugby Sch., University Coll., and
Trinity Coll., Camb. He fills the position of
Director of Education for the Transvaal.

SAUER, HON. J. W., of Kenilworth, C.C.; is son
of an O.F.S. Landdrost ; was educated at the S.
African Coll., after which he was articled to Fair-
bridge & Arderne, Attorneys, of Cape Town, and
practised for many years in conjunction, first with
Mr. H. S. Caldecott (q.v.), and after with Mr.
Orsmond at AJiwal North. He entered the Cape
Parliament as member for that constituency,
for which he has since been re-elected on many
occasions. Formerly associated with Sir Gordon
Sprigg, he broke with him in 1876 on questions of
native policy. From 1881 to 1884, he was a
member of the Scanlen Ministry as Secy, for
Native Affairs, and became Colonial Secy, in
Mr. Rhodes' Ministry in 1890, but was one of
three who wrecked it three years later. Although
not a member of the Afrikander Bond, he is
one of its most effective supporters, and makes
no secret of his indifference to the Imperial
interest in C.C. Mr. Sauer has declined a
knighthood. He was Commissioner of Public
Works in Sir. G. Sprigg' s last Cape Ministry,
and was defeated at the general elections in
Feb., 1904. He still retains his practice as an
attorney in C.T. He married a dau. of Henry
Cloete, of Constantia, C.C.

3rd West Yorks Regt,, F.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.
Edin., F.R.G.S., F.R.C.I., F.S.A., Fel. Obstetri-
cal Soc., of Grahamstown, and of the Scottish
Conservative Club, Edin., and the Junior Con-
servative Club, Loud., was born in London,
June 12, 1859 ; and was educated at King
Edward VI Sch., Gt. Berkhampstead, Herts.
He commanded the second detachment of the
First City (Grahamstown) Volunteers at Lange-
berg, Beclmanaland, in 1897 (medal), and during
the late S.A. War acted as Station Staff Officer,
as Adjt. of Marshall's Horse, and as Adjt. of
the 1st C.V., which he now commands (Queen's
and King's medals, three clasps). Capt.
Saundera married : first, in 1882, Cissy, only
dau. of Col. Barnes, St. Helena Regt., and step-
dau. of the 1 1th Earl Lindsay ; and second, in
1893, Lucy Anderson, dau. of Prof. J. Meikle-
john, of St. Andrew's Univ., Scotland.


JULIUS EDWARD, was draughtsman in the
Public Works Dept. at Queenstown, C.C.,
May, 1882 ; was Asst. Surveyor on Tembuland
Commission, Aug., 1882 ; Computer at the
Royal Observatory, C.C., July, 1885 ; Asst.
Surveyor, Bechuanaland railway extension,
Aug., 1890 ; became Asst. to the Surveyor-
Gen, in Mashonaland, Sept., 1891 ; acted as
the B.S.A. Co.'s representative at Umtali June
to Aug. 1896 ; Acting Asst. Surveyor-Gen.,
Jan. 1897, and has twice acted as Surveyor-
Gen. He was Acting Examiner of Diagrams,
Feb. 28, 1901.

K.CM.G., M.L.C., of Salisbury, Rhodesia;
and of the Civil Service (C.T.) and Salisbury
Clubs ; was born at Albany, near Grahams-
town, July 9, 1834. He is son of the late Chas.
Scanlen, "who formerly represented Cradock
Dist. in the Cape House of Assembly. _ Sir
Thomas was educated in the Eastern Province
until war in 1850 interrupted his studies. He
resided at Cradock from 1845 for over 30 years,
where he was member of the Divisional Council
and Chairman of the Municipality, besides which
he represented that constituency in the Cape
Parliament continuously from 1870 to 1896.
He was J.P. for the Cape and Cradock Districts ;
became Prime Minister and Attorney-Gen,
of C.C. in 1881, and Premier and Colonial
Secy, in 1882-1884. He was appointed Legal
Adviser to the B.S.A. Co., Oct. 1894 ; member
of the Executive Council of S. Rhodesia, Jan.
1896, becoming senior member, Dec. 20, 1896 ;
Acting Public Prosecutor, Apr. 1896 ; Pres.
of the Compensation Board, Sept. 1896 ; was
appointed Acting Administrator of S. Rhodesia
in Dec. 1898, and again in Jan. 1903; and has
acted as the Company's representative on several
occasions. Sir Thomas was appointed M.L.C. in
May 1899, and was last reappointed in June
1903, with precedence of nominated members.
He is also Chairman of Committee in the
Legislative Council. In July 1902, he became
senior member of the Farming and Transport
Aid Board. Sir Thomas was twice married:
first, to Emma Riackwray (d. 1862); and second,
to Sarah Dennison (d. Feb. 1903).

SCHIEL, COL., has had a long experience
of S.A. He was a Native Commissioner
in the Zoutpansberg, and Organizer of the
Staats Artillerie of the S.A.R., and in the late
Boer War (1899) was appointed to the com-
mand of the German Brigade. He was cap-



tured at Elandslaagte, and during his captivity
at St. Helena wrote a book, ' ' Twenty -three
Years of Storm and Sunshine in South Africa."

SCHOELLER, DB. MAX, Member of the
German Colonial Council ; of Zelten 21a, Berlin ;
of Rittergat Bingel bei Diiren (Rheinland) ;
and of the Union Club, Berlin ; was born at
Diiren, July 28, 1865. He is son of Alexander
Schoeller by his wife Adele Casstargeis, and
received a liberal education at Diiren, Cologne,
Aix-la-Chapelle, Munich, and Freiburg-i-Br.
Dr. Schoeller travelled through Northern Abys-
sinia in 1894, afterwards publishing " Mitteil-
ungen iiber meine Reise in der Colonie Eritrea
(Nord Abessinien), 1894." The years 1896
and 1897 he spent in German and British East
Africa and Uganda, publishing three volumes
entitled " Mitteilungen iiber meine Reise nach
Aequatorial Ost Africa und Uganda 1896-97."
Throughout 1897 he travelled in S.A. He
married, Nov. 28, 1903, Elizabeth Wessel.
Dr. Schoeller's merits have been recognized by
the following Orders conferred upon him :
Roter Adler of the IV. class, Friedrichs III. cl.,
Ernestiner IV. cl., Eiserne Krone III. cl., Itali-
enische Krone IV. cl., Medjedie II. cl., Villa
Vicosa II. cl., Sonnen und Lowen II. cl., and
Erloser IV. cl.

is Bond Member of the Cape Legislative As-
sembly for Oudtshoorn, for which electoral
division he was re-elected in Feb. 1904.

SCHREINER, OLIVE (see Mrs. Cronwright-

was born in the Wittebergen Native Reserve,
now part of the Herschel District of the
C.C., in 1857. He is son of the late Rev. G.
Schreiner, a German missionary of the L.M.S.,
and brother of the celebrated S.A. novelist,
Olive Schreiner, now Mrs. Cronwright-Schreiner
(q.v.). Mr. Schreiner was educated at Cradock,
Bedford and Grahamstown, and at the Univs.
of Cape Town, Cambridge and London,
where he distinguished himself in scholarly
attainments. He took a Senior in Law Tripos
and the Chancellor's Legal Medal in 1881, and
was called to the Bar of the Inner Temple in
the following year, when he was also admitted
a.n Advocate of the Supreme Court of the
C.C. In 1885 he was appointed Parlia-
mentary Draughtsman ; became Legal Adviser

to the, High Commissioner in 1887, filling this
appointment until 1893, when he joined the
late Cecil Rhodes' second Ministry as Attorney-
Gen., having in that year been elected as
Member for Kimberley in the Cape House of
Assembly. He resigned the Attorney-General-
ship later in 1893 ; was elected member for
Barkly West by the aid of the Bond vote in
1894, and again became Attorney-Gen, in
Sept. of that year. His relations with Mr.
Rhodes, which had been for many years of a
cordial nature, were broken off by the Jameson
Raid. He left the Cabinet, refusing to join
the new Ministry under Sir Gordon Sprigg. He
became, however, Premier in 1898, retaining
that position until June, 1900. In the general
election in Feb. 1904, he failed to be re-elected
to the House of Assembly.

To the student of S. African politics it has
not always been clear whether Mr. Schreiner' s
attitude was pro-Boer or pro-British. His
tendency seems to waver between the two ex-
tremes. Without being an actual member of
the Afrikander Bond, he has on occasions been
a supporter of that organization ; in fact, he
has in some qxiarters been suspected of an
inclination to follow the extremists in their
desire to constitute S.A. an independent
Republic. However that may be, it may be
said that during his Premiership he neither
prevented nor promoted the S.A. War, though
a strong'man in his official position might pos-
sibly have done either. He is said to have
resisted British measures of coercion, and to
have given no encouragement to anti-British
aims. He neither stopped arms going into the
Transvaal, nor permitted an early organized
defence of Kimberley and the Cape Colonial
frontier, nor did he, by a display of resolution,
appear to aim at convincing Pres. Kriiger that
the Colony would tolerate no disloyal actions
on the part of British subjects in the event of
his issuing an ultimatum. In short, his halting
methods of conciliation in the pre-war period
stood a very good chance of being misinter-
preted by a large section of the British. Gene-
rally, he is looked upon as a man of high attain-
ments and character (somewhat hampered as
a politician by a " cross-bench " habit of mind),
with a racial bias towards the Dutch propa-
ganda, and an intellectual sympathy with
British methods and characteristics. Mr.
Schreiner has been delegated at various times
to conferences between S. African Govts. ; was
a Member of the Jameson Raid Committee,
and gave evidence before the B.S.A. Committee



of the House of Commons in 1897. He is a
man of the keenest intellect, of brilliant parts,
a practised speaker, and a successful lawyer.
He married a sister of Mr. Reitz, at one time
Pres. of the O.F.S.

sents Tembuland in the Cape Legislative As-
sembly. He has for many years been a pro-
minent politician, and sits as a supporter of
the Progressive party. He was last re-elected
at the general election in 1904.

nesburg, S.A., and 25, Paulinen Strasse, Stutt-
gart, Germany, and of the Royal Colonial
Institute, was born Jan. 18, 1842, at Stuttgart,
and was educated in his native city and in
London. In 1889 he went to S.A. and
proceeded direct to Johannesburg. It is
claimed that he and his son, Oscar H. Schuller,
were the discoverers and pioneers of the now
famous Pretoria Diamond Fields. In April
1897, father and son took up and prospected
the Farm Rietfontein 351 (District Pretoria).
On Aug. 2 his son discovered the first diamond,
and vigorous work resulted in a true diamond
pipe or crater being opened up. A great deal
of local incredulity was displayed, both Mr.
Schuller and his son being designated swindlers,
salters and rogues. Undaunted, however, they
persevered, and proved that the mine was
genuine. The general impression seemed to
be that it was impossible to find diamonds
outside of Griqualand West and the O.F.S.
Pres. Krliger also threw every obstacle
possible in the way, but subsequently he modi-
fied his attitude, and helped the owners with
legislation, as he was afraid that the late Mr.
Rhodes might step in. A company was floated
and named after the discoverers, " The Schuller
Diamond Mines, Ltd., of which Mr. Schuller
was a Director. He is also now a Director of
Byeneestpoort Diamond Mines, Ltd., the Rand
Reefs G.M. Co., and other similar undertakings.
Mr. Schuller has done much to promote gym-
nastic exercises, and has given many prizes and
trophies to the Wanderers' Gymnastic Soc.

Pallinghurst, Johannesburg, second son of Mr.
and Mrs. Erwin A. Schumacher, of Porchester
Terrace, W., was born in London in 1871. He
was educated at Eastbourne under Mr. F.
Schreiner, brother of the ex-Premier of the Cape,
and at Harrow. He studied banking and

finance in London, and for some years on the
Continent before going to Johannesburg in
1894, where he entered the employment of the
firm of Eckstein soon after his arrival, and
became a partner of that firm, together with
Sir Percy Fitzpatrick, in 1898. Although not
one of the Reformers, he gave evidence at
Pretoria at the trial of the Committee in Feb.
1896, and was imprisoned for a few hours for
refusing to divulge his thoughts ! In 1899,
before the war, he became Chairman of the
Johannesburg Relief Committee. One of the
last to leave Johannesburg when war broke out,
he quickly returned, and served with the Rand
Rifles as Capt., taking an active interest in
encouraging rifle shooting among the British
population on the Rand, and in the Transvaal
Volunteer movement. He is now Maj., and
second in command to Sir Godfrey Lagden in
the T.R.I. He also takes an interest in most
forms of sport. He is chairman of a large
number of leading gold mining cos., and
director of several more, and a member of the
Rand Water Board. Politically he holds
Imperialistic views, and hopes to see an intelli-
gent effort made to protect British trade within
the Empire. Mr. Schumacher married, June 8,
1903, Hope, youngest dau. of Mr. and Mrs.
Ed. L. Weigall, of 40, Holland Park, W.

SCOBLE, JOHN, of Pretoria (P.O. Box 384),
Transvaal, was born in London, March 11,
1826, his father having been Secy, of the Anti-
Slavery Society, and afterwards M.P. for th*>
county of Elgin, Canada. He was educated
privately, and at the age of 20 joined the staff
of the " Morning Herald," Lond., becoming
City editor of that paper in 1849, subsequeutly
occupying a similar position on the " Morning
Post." Tn I860 he went to Natal ; was ap-
pointed J.P. for Newcastle Div. in 1872 ; was
a member of the Newcastle and Zulu Border
Defence Commission ; went to Transvaal Gold-
fields in 1873 ; was appointed Gold Commis-
sioner and Special Landdrost in 1875, and
Landdrost at Middelburg from 1877 to 1879.
In 1880 he once more adopted journalism, and
edited the Transvaal " Argus," until publication
ceased with the first Boer War, in which he
served as a volunteer in the Pretoria Rifles in
the defence of Pretoria. On conclusion of
peace he went to the Jagersfontein diamond
fields ; established the " Free State Argus "
and a daily paper called the " Breakfast Table."
In 1882 he became editor of the " Transvaal
Advertiser," and advocated British interests



until publication was suspended in 1898. In
1902 he resumed and still retains the editorship.
Prior to the last S.A. War Mr. Scoble acted
as Pretoria correspondent of the London
" Times." In 1900 he published, in collabora-
tion with H. R. Abercrombie, a political history
of the Transvaal, called the " Rise and Fall of
Kriigerism," which went through two editions
and a cheap reprint. He married : first, in
1849, Miss Marian Richmond ; and second, on
Oct. 1, 1890, Miss Annie van der Riet.

SCOTT, JOHN E., of Bulawayo, practised as
a solicitor in Johannesburg, afterwards going
to Bulawayo, where he was the first to follow
that profession. He was a member of the first
Sanitary Board, and has always taken a leading
interest in local affairs. He was elected Mayor
of Bulawayo in 1902, and he is a member of the
Bulawayo Chamber of Mines.

Hartley, Rhodesia, was appointed Asst. Native
Commissioner at Umtali in May, 1896, and
became Native Commissioner for the Hartley
District, Apr. 1, 1897.

SEARLE, CHARLES, M.L.A., is Member of
the Cape Legislative Assembly for the electoral
division of George ; is a supporter of the
Bond, and was last returned to the House in
Feb. 1904.

SEARLE, JAMES, M.L.A., is Member of the
Cape Legislative Assembly for Port Elizabeth,
for which constituency he successfully sought
re-election at the general election in 1904.
He is a member of the Progressive party.

SEEAR, JOHN, of The Quarry, Cheam,
Surrey, and of Salisbury House, London Wall,
E.G., was formerly with the firm of George
Hasluck & Co., accountants, of which he is still
a sleeping partner. He is a director of a large
number of public cos., chiefly Rhodesian and
Finance. He is Chairman of the Bulawayo
Market and Offices, Crescens (Matabele) Mines,
Crewe's Rhodesia Development, Davies' Selukwe
Development, Ibo Investment Trust, Koffy-
fontein Mines (also Life Governor), Lomagunda
Development, Rhodesia Exploration (and Mana-
ging Director), the Rhodesia - Matabeleland
Development and the Warnford Explora-
tion Cos. He is co-Managing Director with
Mr. W. A. Wills of the Estate, Finance and
Mines Corporation; is Managing Director of

the Goldfields of Matabeleland, and is on the
Boards of the Rand Rhodesia, Oceana Con-
solidated, Transvaal Goldfields and Van Ryn
G. Mines. In addition, to these directorships
he is on the London committees of a few other
limited companies.

Heatherside, Worplesdon, Surrey, was born
near Regent's Park, London, Dec. 31, 1851,
and is of mixed Huguenot and English descent
on the father's side, and of English and Scottish
descent in the maternal line. He was educated
at Bruce Castle (Tottenham), Rugby, Neuchatel,
and Wiesbaden, and when still a boy went to
S.A., landing at Algoa Bay on Sept. 4, 1871,
with the intention of going to the diamond
fields. But instead of this he started on a
trading expedition through Griqualand. In the
following year he set out for Matabeleland,
meeting on the way Mr. G. A. Phillips, with
whom he made the acquaintance of Lobengula,
who granted Mr. Selous permission to shoot
elephants because he was " only a boy." In
1877, after a trip to England, he again visited
the Zambesi. From 1882 to 1892 Mr. Selous
was constantly travelling over the Mashona
plateau, and during that time roughly mapped
out the country by taking compass bearings
wherever possible from hill to hill, and sketching
the courses of the rivers and streams from
the tops of hills. Mr. Selous was associated
with Maj. Johnson as guide and intelligence
officer in the work of opening up Mashonaland
with the early pioneers, and it was in this con-
nection that he prepared the track known as
the Selous Road from Tuli to Fort Salisbury,
400 miles long, as well as various other roads
connecting the mining centres. He com-
manded a troop of R.H.V. in the second Mata-
bele War (1896), and was afterwards for a short
period associated with the Partridge & Jarvis
group. During the last few seasons Mr. Selous
has been hunting in Asia Minor, in North
America, and in E. Africa again. His museum
at Worplesdon contains many magnificent
trophies of the chase in different parts of the
world. He has written a good number of in-
teresting books on travel and sport ; has lec-
tured considerably, and was awarded in 1893
the Founders' Medal of the Royal Geographical
Society in recognition of his extensive explora-
tions and surveys in B. S.A. He married, Apr. 4,
1894, Marie Catharine Gladys, eldest dau. of
the Rev. Canon Maddy, Rector of Down
Hatherley, Glcs.


SENIOR, BERNARD, Auditor-Gen, of the
O.B.C. ; of Bloemfontein, S.A., and of the
Royal Societies' Club ; son of the late John
Senior, solicitor, of 2, New Inn, London,
was born at Wimbledon, Surrey, June 23,
1865. He entered the Home Civil Service as
Clerk to the Boundary Commission under the
Redistribution of Seats Act, in Dec. 1884. He
was attached to the Scotch Education Dept.
in 1885, and again in 1888. In 1887 he
was selected as Private Secy, to the late
Rt. Hon. Sir Francis Sandford (afterwards
Lord Sandford), Under-Secy. of State for Scot-
land. In May 1888 he was appointed First-
Class Clerk in the Colonial Secy.'s Office
on the Gold Coast. He was elected Local
Auditor of the Colony of Lagos in 1889, and
held a similar position on the Gold Coast from
Dec. 1889 to Feb. 1894. For the next two
years he was Local Auditor of British Bechuana-
land, and when that Colony was incorporated
with the C.C. in Nov. 1895 he was trans-
ferred to the Island of Cyprus as Local
Auditor, which position he held until Oct. 1,
1902, when he was elected Auditor-Gen,
of the O.R.C. He is a Director of the National
Bank of the O.R.C., and is Chairman of the
Govt. Tender Board. He is Hon. Treas.
of the O.R.C. Turf Club, and is Hon. Secy, of
the United Service Club, Bloemfontein. He
married, Mar. 31, 1891, Florence Mary, youngest
dau. of the late Dr. S. B. Farr, of Andover, Hants.

SERGEANT, LIETJT.-COL., F.R.G.S., is eldest
son of Capt. Sergeant late of the 74th High-
landers and the Turkish Contingent, of St.
Benet's Abbey, near Bodmin, and of Barn
Park, Cornwall. In 1S74 he organized and
raised the Cadet Corps of the 2nd Devon R.V.,
which he commanded until 1882, and also
held a commission in the 1st Somerset R.V.
from 1877 to 1880. In 1882 he was
gazetted to a commission in the 4th Royal
Fusiliers, obtaining his Captaincy in 1883. He
served with this battn. until 1889. In 1884
he went out to S.A. with the 1st detachment of
Methuen's Horse, acting as Assist. Sergt.-
Maj. in connection with the preliminary drill
and instruction of the men. Early in the
following year he received a commission in the
Pioneer Regt., Bechuanaland Field Force, and
commanded a detachment (despatches) until
the termination of the expedition. In 1886
he joined the Reserve of Officers, and was pro-
moted Capt. in 1889. He was gazetted to a
company in the 5th Rifle Brigade in 1890,

and received his hon. majority in the same
year. In 1893 he was promoted to the sub-
stantive rank of Maj., and in Aug. 1895 re-
ceived his hon. Lievit. -Colonelcy.

Col. Sergeant was appointed an Esquire of
the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in 1892,
and promoted Knight of that Order in 1894.

He has written much on sport, travel, and
colonization in the " Field," and is the author
of several books and pamphlets. He repre-
sented the " Pall Mall Gazette " as Special Com-
missioner during the Matabele War of 1896.
As a cyclist he takes a practical interest in
military cycling, and is standing counsel to the
National Cyclist Union of Great Britain. He
has patented various improvements in con-
nection with firearms, of which he has expert

M.P., J.P. and D.L. for Roxburghshire, of
Kippilaw, St. Boswells, N.B. ; of 22, Sloane
Gardens, S.W., and of the Carlton, Imperial
Service and New (Edinburgh) Clubs ; is
the son of G. Berkeley Seton-Karr, of the
Madras Civil Service, who was Resident Com.
missioner at Belgaum, Southern Mahratta,
during the great Mutiny. He was born Feb. 5,
1853, in India, and educated at Harrow and
Oxford, where he took honours in law and
graduated M.A. In 1879 he was called to the
Bar, and practised on the Northern Circuit.
He was elected to Parliament for St. Helen's,
Lanes., in 1885, and has held his seat
through five contested elections, increasing his
majority from 57 to 1,878. He is greatly inter-
ested in State colonization and the national
food supply in time of war. He was elected as
a member of the Royal Commission appointed
to consider this subject in 1903, and originated
the Sharpshooters' Corps for service in S.A.
in 1899. During the years 1900-01-02 he
acted as Vice-Chairman and Hon. Secy, of the
Sharpshooters' Committee, who sent out three
and half battalions (18th, 21st, 23rd I.Y.)
for service during the war. For this he
received his C.M.G. He is Chairman of the
Liverpool, St. Helens, and S. Lancashire
Railway Co. ; Vice-Chairman of the Widnes
and Runcorn Bridge Co., and a Director of
various other cos. Sir Henry is widely known
as a keen sportsman, having shot big game
in S.A., Western America, Norway, British
Colombia, and Scotland. He has a very fine
collection of big game sporting trophies, in-

Online LibraryWalter H WillsThe Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book → online text (page 29 of 49)