Walter H Wills.

The Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book online

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cluding buffalo, antelope, grizzly, black bear



and mountain lion, and has an elk forest in
Norway. His publications include '' The Call
to Arms" (1901), and many sporting articles
and reviews. He married: first, in Nov., 1880,
Edith, dau. of the late W. Pilkington, D.L., of
Hoby Hall, Liverpool, who died in 1884 ; and
second, in 1886, Janie, eldest dau. of W.
Tharburn of Edinburgh.

cester, Glos., was born at Pietermaritzburg,
Natal, Dec. 19, 1874 ; is eldest surviving son
of J. J. Sewell, late of the Colonial Office, Natal.
He was educated at Maritzburg Coll., and
accompanied the first S.A. cricket team to
England in 1894. He was the youngest player
in the XI. ; headed the batting averages, and
was the only member of the team to complete
1,000 runs during the tour.

He took up law as a profession, and has
practised for some years at Circenester. Quali-
fied by residence there, he has played in the
Gloucester County XI. every year since 1895,
with the exception of 1897, when he was called
to S.A. on the death of his father. Mr. Sewell
married, Feb. 21, 1903, Maud Evelyn, eldest
dau. of Mrs. Maunsell-Collins, of Carlyle Gardens,

Clerk at Knysna and Swellendam, was appointed
Asst. Magistrate at Willowmore Aug. 1, 1890 ;
at Glen Grey, Apr. 2, 1893 ; joined the Char-
tered Co.'s service as Asst. Magistrate at Gwelo,
Oct. 1, 1898 ; has acted as Civil Commissioner
and R.M. in the C.C. on various occasions, and
also as Asst. Magistrate at Enkeldoorn and
Bulawayo, and as Magistrate at Gwelo.

Rhodesia ; of Salisbury, Rhodesia ; joined the
Chartered Go's, service as Clerk in the Surveyor-
General's Office, Apr. 1, 1894 ; was Acting
Asst. Registrar of the High Court, Feb. 18,
1896 ; served in the Matabeleland and Mashona-
land Rebellions until Sept. 1, 1896 ; was Secy,
to the Assessment of Compensation Board,
Sept. 7, 1896 ; Acting High Sheriff and Chief
Clerk to Public Prosecutor, Sept. 7, 1896 ; Asst.
Statist, Mch. 1897 ; and Clerk to Civil Com-
missioner, Salisbury, Apr. 4, 1900.

SHARPE, MONTAGU, D.L., J.P., of Brent
Lodge, Hanwell, W. ; 3, Elm Court, Temple,
E.G., and the Junior Carlton Club ; only son of

Commander Benjamin Sharpe, J.P., for Middle-
sex (who died in 1883), by Marianne Fanny,
dau. of the late Rev. Geo. Montagu ; was born
in Oct. 1856 ; was educated at Felstead, and
was for some years in the Civil Service from
which he retired in 1883. He took his degree
of D.L. in 1888, and was called to the Bar of
Gray's Inn in 1889. He was placed on the
Commission of the Peace for Middlesex in
1883 ; is an Alderman of that county, and has
been Vice-Chairman of the first Middlesex
County Council since 1889. He has also been
Deputy-Chairman of the Middlesex Quarter
Sessions since 1896, and is Chairman of the
Petty Sessions and Commissioner of Taxes
for Brentford Dist., and has been Chairman of
the Hanwell Conservative Assoc. since 1883.

Mr. Sharpe is Chairman of John Birch & Co.,
Ltd., engineers, trading in India, Japan, S.
America and Egypt, in which latter country
the company received from the Govt. a con-
cession for establishing a system of light rail-
ways in the provinces of Beherah and Garbieh.
This concession was taken over by the Egyptian
Delta Light Railway Co., Ltd., of which Mr.
Sharpe is a Director. He is also on the Board
of the Tendring Hundred Water Co.

In Freemasonry he is P.G.D. Grand Lodge,
Eng., and is Pres. of the League of Mercy,
Brentford Div. He was winner of the Civil
Service Mile Challenge Cup for three years, and
of other races. His recreations are now photo-
graphy, boating, workshop, hunting and shoot-
ing. He married, July, 1888, Mary Annie,
only dau. of Capt. John Parsons, R.N.

SHAW, FLORA LOUISE, maiden name of
Lady Lugard (q.v.).

SHORT, GEORGE, served as Sergt. on the
Mount Darwin patrol in 1897. He then entered
the Chartered Company's service, Mch. 7, 1898.

was born in S.A. Although he claims to be an
independent representative member of the Cape
Legislative Assembly, he has leanings towards
the Bond, and was supported by that organiza-
tion in his candidature for Tembuland, for
which he was elected unopposed in Nov. 1902.

SILBERBAUER, W., M.L.A., represents the
electoral division of Richmond in the Cape
House of Assembly. He is a Member of the
S. African party, and was last returned in that,
interest in Feb. 1904.



of Natal, is the son of a well known Aber-
deenshire botanist and fruit grower. He
was born at Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1858, and
was educated at the old Aberdeen Gram.
Sch. and at the Univ. of that town. He has
always been closely connected with econ-
omic horticulture, botany and sylviculture.
After a thorough training in these subjects in
in any of the best horticultural schools of
England and America, including the Hort.
Society's Garden, Chiswick ; the Royal Gardens,
Kew ; Harvard Univ. Botanic Gardens, and
a few years of active connection with fruit
growing and nursery work in Scotland, he
emigrated in 1888 to S.A., where after being a
short time Curator of the Botanic Gardens of
King Williamstown, he joined the Civil Ser-
vice of C.C., passing through various grades in
the Forest Department up to District Forest
Officer in the Eastern Conservancy, where also
he was occasionally utilized as lecturer on
Forestry and Fruit Culture. In 1902, when
the reorganization of the Forest Service of
Natal was proposed, he was selected to carry
that out, and was transferred as Conservator
of Forests of Natal, with which appointment
was also conjoined that of fruit expert. Be-
sides numerous contributions to magazine
literature, he is the author of " The Ferns of
Kaffraria," " Check List of the Flora of Kaff-
raria," " The Ferns of South Africa," and the
" Forest Flora of Cape Colony," which latter
work is now in the press.

M.A., of Tullyallan, Fifeshire, N.B., and of
Lourensford, C.C., was born at Fochabers,
Elginshire, in Dec. 1848. He was entered at
Aberdeen Univ. in 1862 as a Bursar, and
graduated M.A. in 1866. He adopted tele-
graphic engineering as a profession, and after
holding an appointment in the Indian tele-
graphs, became Superintending Engineer of the
Southern Division of England in 1870. He
was Secy, to the Society of Telegraph Engineers,
and was appointed Gen. Manager of S.
African Telegraphs in 1877, from which he
retired on a pension in 1884. He received the
C.M.G. on the conclusion of the Zulu War, in
which he also earned the S.A. War medal with
clasp. After a short rest in England he re-
turned to the Cape, and entered the political
arena in 1888 as first member for Griqualand E.,
defeating Mr. Zietsman by a large majority.
On July 17, 1890, Sir James joined the Rhodes'

Ministry without portfolio, but subsequently
(Sept. 1890) was appointed Commissioner of
Crown Lands and Public Works, and energeti-
cally supported his chief in the extension of the
Cape railway and telegraph systems north-
wards, and his negotiation with the Transvaal
Executive for the construction of the Bloem
fontein-Johannesburg section was considered a
diplomatic achievement of no slight merit.
He was knighted on completion of railway com-
munication with the Transvaal. Sir James
went out of office in the disruption of 1893, but
returned as Commissioner of Public Works in
the Sprigg Ministry of 1896.

He was one of the founders of the Johannes-
burg Waterworks Co. ; was largely responsible
for the reduction of the S.A. cable rates, and
worked hard for a high level of efficiency in
departmental affairs, as well as in all business
undertakings with which he has been connected.
He was the pioneer of Cold Storage in the Cape,
and having decided to remain in his British
home, is devoting his energies to the develop-
ment of the coal and iron measures of the East
of Scotland. Sir James married, in 1880,
Jennie, dau. of George Page, of Bloemfontein.

SKINNER, H. Ross, of Johannesburg, was
delegated by the Transvaal Chamber of Mines
to proceed to the East in order to investigate
and report upon the labour supply there for the
S.A. mines.

SLATER, J., M.L.A., represents Victoria
East in the Cape House of Assembly in the
Progressive interest. He was elected at the
general election in Feb. 1904.

SLOLEY, HERBERT CECIL, of the Residency,
Maseru, Basutoland, was born at Calcutta,
Feb. 4, 1855. He is son of the late Robert
Hugh Sloley, of Calcutta ; was educated at the
Greenwich Proprietary Sch., and proceeding to
S.A. served with the Cape Mounted Riflemen
and various Colonial forces until 1884, when
he was appointed Sub-Inspector of Basutoland
Police. He was promoted Inspector, ISSft;
Asst. Commissioner in Basutoland, 1888 ; Govt.
Secy, in Basutoland, 1895 ; and Resident Com-
missioner in Basutoland in 1901. He has seen
considerable service in the field, and wears the
war medal with clasp, 1877-8-9 ; medal with
clasp for 1880-1, and the S.A. War medal for
1899-1900. He married, Nov. 18, 1886,
Charlotte, dau. of the late John Dick, of C.C.
and Scotland.



C.T., is an Irishman by birth, and trained
for the medical profession, which he abandoned
to take a more prominent role in Colonial
politics. He was formerly a political adherent
of Sir Gordon Sprigg, whose Ministry he joined
from May to Oct. 1898, as Colonial Secy. ;
afterwards in June 1900 becoming Commis-
sioner of Public Works in Sir Gordon Sprigg's
fourth Administration. Ever a staunch Pro-
gressive, he seceded from the Govt. on the
Suspension movement, taking with him the
main body of the Progressive party. Dr.
Smartt then for a long time bore the brxmt of
the hard work on behalf of the Progressives
until, in June 1903, Dr. Jameson became the
recognized leader of the party. In the general
election in Feb. 1904 Dr. Smartt defeated Sir
Gordon Sprigg at East London (C.C.), and took
office under Dr. Jameson as Commissioner for
Crown Lands and Public Works in the same
month. Dr. Smartt is a capable administrator,
a fluent speaker, and possesses a youthful

Avenue House, West Drayton, and the Sports
and Green Room Clubs and the M.C.C., was
born in London, July 21, 1863, and was educated
at Charterhouse and Cambridge. Since his
Charterhouse days, when he played in the
school XI. (1880-1), he has been a keen wielder
of the willow. He played for Cambridge Univ.
1882-3-4-5, for Sussex County from 1882-92,
captained the English team in Australia 1887-8,
and was also Capt. of the English XI. in S.A.
in 1888-9. For some little time he then settled
down in Johannesburg, but returned to England,
and adopted the theatrical profession with a
success which is well known to the theatre-going
public. He married, Aug. 15, 1896, Isabella,
dau. of the late Major Wood, of Abbey Wood,

Euan-Smith. )

Rhodesia, entered the Chartered Co.'s service
as Clerk in the Pay Office, Bulawayo, June 1,
1896 ; transferred to Controller's Office, Salis-
bury, May 1, 1897, of which he became Account-
ant, Apr. 1, 1898 ; was appointed Clerk-in-
Charge, Stores Dept., Salisbury, July 1, 1901.


was born in Huntingdonshire in 1864. He is
son of W. Crexton Smith, a well known agri-
culturist and authority upon farming and
estate management. Mr. F. B. Smith was
educated privately and at Downing Coll.,
Camb. ; was Professor of Agriculture and
Vice-Principal of the South-Eastern Agri-
cultural Coll., Wye, Kent, from its foundation
in 1894 until Apr. 1902, when he was appointed
Agricultural Adviser to Lord Milner, and upon
the establishment of the dept. in July, 1902,
he was appointed Director of Agriculture for
the Transvaal.

Mr. Smith has always taken a keen interest
in agriculture, agricultural education and
organization, and is the author of several
articles and papers on these subjects. In 1900
he undertook an extensive tour through the
U.S.A. and Canada for the purpose of studying
the agricultural conditions and administration
of those countries, and his observations thereon
are published in a work entitled " Agriculture
in the New World." He indulges in hunting,
shooting, and other country pursuits, and is

wayo, joined the Cape Govt. service June 10,
1881 ; Cape Mounted Police, Jan. 16, 1883 ;
won the first prize essay on Colonial police
administration, June, 1885, and was appointed
Chief-Constable at King Williamstown, Nov.
19, 1885 ; became Supt. of the King
Williamstown Borough Police, Mch. 8, 1888 ;
was made J.P., Dec. 20, 1889, and was selected
by the Cape Govt. to reorganize the Port Eliza-
beth Police Dept., Jan. 1, 1895 ; afterwards
returning to King Williamstown. He was
seconded for service in Matabeleland to re-
organize the Municipal Police, July 1, 1898 ;
was made J.P. for Rhodesia, July 27, 1898 ;
and was appointed Inspector commanding the
Municipal Police and head of the detective
dept. for Matabeleland, Nov. 24, 1898.

SMITH, HON. G. D., M.L.C., is member of
the Cape Legislative Council for British Bechu-
analand. He is a Progressive, and was last
elected in 1904.

M.A., J.P., of Courtfield, Chiswick, and the St.
Stephen's Club, was born at the Chauntry,
Quatford, Salop, Aug. 23, 1847 ; is eldest son
of the late S. Pountney Smith, J.P., of Shrews-
bury, and was educated at Shrewsbury Sch.



and St. John's Coll., Camb., where he graduated
M.A. He went to the Gold Coast as Puisne
Judge of the Supreme Court in 1883 ; was
transferred to Lagos as sole Judge of the
Supreme Court in 1886, and was Chief Justice
from 1889 to 1885, when he was invalided,
retiring from the service in the following year.

Sir John is a Vice-Pres. of the African Soc.,
founded in memory of Mary Kingsley, and is
J.P. for Middlesex.

desia, was Clerk in the Chief Accountant's
Office, C.G.R., Jan. 1889 ; Clerk to the Engi-
neer-in- Chief, C.G.R., 1889 ; Magistrates'
Clerk at Kimberley, 1892 ; Asst. Magistrate,
Douglass, 1893 ; Additional Magistrate, Bula-
wayo, July 1894 ; Magistrate at Bulawayo,
July 1896 ; and became C.C. and R.M., Gwelo,
in July 1897.

of Koffyfontein, O.R.C., and Uppertown,
Johannesburg, whose mother is a cousin of
Robert Browning, was born on Mar. 19, 1857,
at Brussels. He arrived in Natal in 1867 with
his parents, when he devoted his attention to
learning farming. He went to the diamond
fields in 1870, and to Pretoria in 1874. He
was commandeered by the Boers in 1875, and
served on commando. He joined the Trans-
vaal Civil Service in 1870, and was appointed
to the special service of the Postal Dept. by
Sir Owen Lanyon. In 1880-81 he took part
in the defence of Pretoria, and was present at
the engagements near that town. In 1881 he
returned to the diamond fields, and went to
Koffyfontein in 1892, where he was very suc-
cessful as a digger. On war breaking out he
was commandeered by the Boers to fight
against the English, but he fled the country,
passing through the Boer lines to the Gordon
Highlanders' camp at Graspan. He returned
later, and took a prominent part in the defence
of Koffyfontein, becoming O.C., Koffyfontein
Defence Force, on the retirement of Major
Robertson, K.L.H. He was elected Mayor of
Koffyfontein and J.P. for Faviresmith by the
British Govt. He did much good work on the
Hospital Board, etc. Mr. Smithers is an old
footballer and lawn tennis player. He is a fair
rifle shot, and very interested in music. He
married, June 5, 1884, Elsa, eldest dau. of the
late Mr. Dietrich, of Sea Point near Cape Town.
He has five children. His eldest son, aged 18
years, served 19 months against the Boers.

Salisbury, Rhodesia ; joined the Chartered
Co.'s service in July 1895, as Clerk, passing
through various grades until, in Oct. 1897, he
was appointed Examiner of Accounts, Audit
Dept. ; Secy, to the Tender Board at Salis-
bury, Nov. 1898 ; and Acting Chief Examiner
of Accounts, Feb. 15, 1901.

Bond Member of the Cape Legislative Assembly
for Malmesbury, for which electoral division
he was last elected at the general election in

SMUTS, J. C., an Afrikander by birth, was
educated in the C.C. and at Cambridge Univ.,
where he took his higher degrees with great
distinction. He was called to the English Bar ;
returned to S.A., and was appointed State-
Attorney to the Transvaal Republic an ap-
pointment which gave great satisfaction to
the Progressives, with whom he was accounted
an able and zealous worker. He is described as
of the Hollander type tall, thin, and fair,
with a pointed yellow beard. He has con-
siderable eloquence in the Taal, and knows how
to arouse a thrill of emotion in his audience.

LONGUEVILLE, BEY, 4th class Medjidieh ; of
Port Said, and the Turf Club, Cairo ; was born
at Kensington, Aug. 5, 1863 ; was educated
privately at Boulogne s.M., and at Merchant
Taylors' Sch., Crosby, Liverpool. He joined
the N.W. Mounted Police of Canada in 1885,
taking part in the suppression of the Rice
Rebellion. In 1891 he joined the Egyptian
Coastguard Service ; received the Order of the
Medjidieh (4th class) in 1901, and was promoted
Kaimakam (Lieut.-Col.) in 1903. He is now
Director of the Suez Canal and Red Sea dis-
tricts. He married, Aug. 10, 1900, Miss Ulrica
Beatrice Vallance.

C.B., K.C., M.L.C., of Zasm House, Pretoria,
was born at Cape Town, Oct. 18, 1850. He is
son of the late Rev. E. Solomon, a missionary
in the Transkei territories. He was educated
at the S.A. Coll. and at Peterhouse, Camb.
(23rd Wrangler), and was called to the Bar of
the Inner Temple in 1879. He accompanied
Lord Rosmead as Legal Adviser to Mauritius
on the Commission of enquiry in 1886 ; was
Chairman of the Mining Commission ; and



Member of the Native Law Commission. He
entered the Cape Parliament in 1893. In 1896
he was retained with Advocate Wessels to
defend the Reform prisoners. He was Attor-
ney-Gen, of the C.C. from 1898 to 1901, in which
year he received his knighthood.

Sir Richard was appointed Legal Adviser to
Lord Kitchener, C.I.C. in S.A., from 1901 to
the end of the Boer War, for which services he
received the C.B. He was then appointed
Legal Adviser to the Transvaal Administration
(1901-2). He represented S.A. at the Delhi
Durbar in 1902-3 (gold and silver medals),
and has been a member of the Executive and
Legislative Councils and Attorney-Gen, of the
Transvaal since 1902, in which capacity he has
had an onerous task to perform in the framing
and adapting the laws to the new conditions.
He married, Mary, dau. of the Rev. J. Walton,
and sister of Mr. Lawson Walton, K.C., M.P.

was Clerk in the Customs Dept. at Mafeking,
Oct. 10, 1895 ; East London, June 1898 ; and
Umtali, July 9, 1899. He became Sub-Col-
lector at Umtali, Feb. 12, 1900 ; Clerk in the
Customs Administrative Branch in Dec. of that
year, and Chief Examining Officer at Bula-
wayo, Apr. 16, 1901.

the Medjidieh (4th class) ; of Ramleh, Alex-
andria, and of the San Stefano Club, was born
in Cairo, Aug. 24, 1860. He is of Greek origin,
his father having been a noted Greek scholar.
He was educated at the American Mission Sch.,
Cairo ; entered the Egyptian Govt. service in
1883 ; was Priv. Secy, to Lord (then Mr.)
Milner, Under-Secy. for Finance, during his
last tour of inspection of the provinces of Up.
Egypt in 1892; was Priv. Secy, to Sir Clinton
(then Mr.) Dawkins, Under-Secy. for Finance,
from 1895 to 1899 ; and became Director of the
Central Administration of Egyptian Ports and
Lighthouses in June, 1899. He is author of
Arabic-English and English-Arabic dictionaries
of modern Egyptian Arabic (published in 1895
and 1897) ; has contributed many articles and
reviews to English papers on modern Arabic,
as well as many articles on literary subjects to
Arabic periodicals. He is fond of travel and
the study of modern Arabic. He married, in
1882, Rose, dau. of H. G. Tarpinian.

F.R.C.S., B.Sc., late R.A.M.C., of Cairo, and of

the Army and Navy Club ; third son of the late
Wm. Nash Spong, F.R.C.S., was born June 12,
1859 ; was educated at Epsom Coll. and Guy's
Hosp., and entered the Army in 1887. He
was seconded for service with the Egyptian
Army in 1890, and acted as S.M.O. in the
Sudan Campaign, 1896-98, receiving the D.S.O.
and the Order of the Medjidieh. Major Spong
retired from the service in 1899 to take the post
of Medical Adviser to the Egyptian State Rail-
ways. He married, Oct. 4, 1900, Mary Barnsley
Pickering, of Newtown, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

as Clerk to the C.C. and R.M. at Mazoe and
Salisbury (1895-6), entered the Mines Dept.
under the B.S.A. Co. in 1897.

G.C.M.G. (1902), P.C. (1897), of Wynberg, near
C.T., was born at Ipswich, Eng., in 1830 ;
he started business in a shipbuilder's office,
afterwards joined Gurney's shorthand staff,
and in 1858 went to S.A. for the benefit
of his health. He settled in the Division of
East London (C.C.), and entered the Cape
Parliament as member for East London in
1873. He was appointed Colonial Secy, and
Premier on the dismissal of Sir J. C. Molteno
in 1878, and resigned in 1881 on the Basuto
question. In 1884 he became Treas.-Gen.
in Sir Thomas Upington's Ministry, and suc-
ceeded him as Premier in 1886. In the follow-
ing year Mr. Sprigg, as he then was, was made
K.C.M.G., and soon after was appointed P.C.
Sir Gordon resigned in 1890, but on the recon-
struction of the Rhodes Ministry in 1893 he
joined it as Treas., and was practically Acting
Premier. On Mr. Rhodes' retirement in Jan.
1896, he became actual Premier until Oct.
1898. In June 1900 he succeeded Mr. W. P.
Schreiner as Premier, also combining the office
of Treas. In the general election in Feb.
1904 Sir Gordon was defeated by Dr. Smartt
at East London (C.C.) by a majority of 954,
and the Progressives being in a majority in the
new House of 50 against the Bond 45, he ten-
dered his resignation of the Premiership, Dr.
Jameson being called upon to form a new

Formerly the political chief of the Progres-
sives, he was throughout the difficult times
following the Boer War accused of pandering
to the Bond party, whose tolerance only
enabled him to maintain a majority, he being
repudiated by five-sixths of the Progressives,



who seceded on the Suspension question. It
is certainly on record that Sir Gordon and his
entire Ministry voted with the Bond on more
than one occasion. This alliance, however,
was simply a makeshift, and although it suited
the Bond party to keep Sir Gordon in power,
it did not deter that organization from assist-
ing in four Govt. defeats on divisions during
the last short session of 1902. He created much
dissatisfaction amongst his earlier followers
by Ms refusal to sanction a fresh regis-
tration of voters in view of the fact that
in many districts hundreds of disfranchised
voters were still on the register as late as Sept.
1902. On th occasion of his defeat (Nov.
3, 1902) on the question of increasing the Cape
Colonial Forces, however, Sir Gordon Sprigg's
appeal to the Bond caused their withdrawal
of the amendment and the passing of the vote
as originally printed, and elicited the Premier's
thanks to the Bond for its generosity. Since
then Sir Gordon has been wavering in his
allegiance between the Bond and the Pro-
gressives, and has thus not been a source of
strength to the Loyalists in Cape Colony,
although his dogged adhesion to office in the
face of many real difficulties may have saved
them from still greater dangers.

Sir Gordon is a practised and effective Par-
liamentary debater, and has cultivated a less
aggressive manner than marked the parlia-
mentary methods of his earlier political days.

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