Walter H Wills.

The Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book online

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S.A., Ltd. in Johannesburg. He was elected
Pres. of the Association of Mine Managers of
the Witwatersrand (1903), and Pres. of the
Mechanical Engineers Assoc. of the Witwaters-
rand (1903). Mr. Catlin was married to Miss
Ann E. Robertson, June 15, 1882.

F.R.G.S., of the British Agency, Zanzibar ; of
14, Redcliffe Square, London, S.W., and of the
St. James' Club and M.C.C., was born at Mill
Hill, Middlesex, Nov. 14, 1865 ; is youngest son
of the late Thos. Cave, M.P. for Barnstaple,
1865-80, of Richmond, Surrey ; and was edu-
cated at Merchant Taylors' Sch. and the Royal
Agricultural Coll., Cirencester, of which latter
he is a member by examination, as he is also of
the Royal Agricultural Society of Ireland.
He became Professional Associate of the Sur-
veyors' Institution, in 1885 ; was appointed
Vice-Consul for B.E.A., Mch. 20, 1891 ; Consul
for Zanzibar, June 1, 1895 ; has frequently
acted as Agent and Consul-Gen, at Zanzibar
since 1896; was member of the Council of the
East Africa Protectorate from June 1896 to Jan.
1897, and from Apr.-Dec. 1899, and was acting
Pres. from October to Dec. 1897. Mr. Cave
was decorated for service in connexion with the
attempt of Seyzid Khaled to usurp the Sultanate
in 1896, and the subsequent bombardment of
the Palace. He also wears the Coronation
Medal (1902), and was Pres. of the International
Maritime Slave Trade Bureau at Zanzibar in
1903. He married, Feb. 19, 1892, Mary,
younger dau. of the Rev. J. B. McClellan, Princi-
pal of the Royal Agricultural Coll., Cirencester.

CAWSTON, GEORGE, of 56, Upper Brook
Street, W., and of the Manor House, Cawston,
Norfolk, was born Feb. 13, 1851. He is son of
the late S. W. Cawston, and has been a member
of the London Stock Exchange since 1872. He
is also a member of the Inner Temple, and was
called to the Bar in 1881.

Mr. Cawston took an interest in South Africa
directly after Sir Hercules Robinson made the
so-called treaty t with LobengulaonFeb. 11, 1888,



by which the latter acknowledged the supremacy
of Great Britain in Matabeleland. Mr. J. Scott
Keltie, in his book, " The Partition of Africa,"
snys it would seem that the first person to actually
step forward and make proposals to the British
Government with regard to obtaining conces-
sions in Matabeleland was Mr. George Cawston,
who on May 4, 1888, wrote to the Colonial
Office, as printed in the South African Blue Book :
"It is the intention of myself in conjunction
with others to send a representative to Matabele-
land to negotiate with Lobengula for a treaty
for trading, mining, and general purposes."
Further correspondence took place between Lord
Knutsford and Mr. George Cawston and his
friends, with the result that the Exploring
Company was formed for the purpose. But,
adds Mr. Keltie, though Mr. Cawston seems to
have been the first to approach the Govt., and
although he lost no time, after he had satisfied
the Colonial Office, in sending out Mr. Maund,
another company or syndicate, the moving
spirit of which was Mr. Rhodes, was already
011 the spot, and thus had the advantage of him.
An arrangement between these syndicates was
subsequently come to, and the Exploring Co.
applied to H.M. Govt. for the grant of the
Charter, which was made on Oct. 31, 1889.
Mr. Cawston was one of the signatories of the
application for the Charter, and became one of
the first directors. He remained on the Board
until the directors had met their shareholders
after the Raid, and then resigned.

CELLIERS, J. F., was at one time editor
of the Dutch paper " De Volksstem." At the
chaotic time when the S,A.R. was annexed by
Sir T. Shepstone, he did much to bring
the burghers to an appreciation of the
condition of the coxmtry, which called for con-
federation or annexation. He advocated the
latter in preference to the then desperate con-
dition of his country. Nevertheless, two years
later he was put in prison by Col. Sir O. Lanyon
on a charge of sedition, because he attacked the
Administration for its failure to keep the promises
made at the time of annexation.

Officer of the Medjedieh (Turkish), Commander
of Sts. Maurice and Lazarus of Italy, Com-
mander of the Grecian Order of the Saviour ;
of the Oriental Club, Cairo, was born at Alex-
andria, July 7, 1855. He is son of Gabriel
Chakour and Assine Dahan, and was educated
at Lyons, France, receiving the diploma of the

French University. Chakour Pacha entered
the Ministry of France under the Khedival
Govt. on Jan. 1, 1877, and took an active part
in the reorganization of that dept. under the
British Administration. He published several
works on real estate, and the assessment of the
land taxes in Egypt. In 1890 he had charge of
the organization of the Municipality of Alex-
andria the first and only institution of the
kind in Egypt in which the foreign colonies then
established in Alexandria were combined with
the native element for ad inistering the affairs
of the city. In 1892 he was appointed Director-
Gen, of the Municipality with the office of Pres.
of the Executive. It was under his administra-
tion that the town was most fully developed by
the opening up of roads and tramways, the
installation of the electric light, construction of
quays, resulting in the most beautiful promenade
of Alexandria, and by the creation of a fine
quarter formed on land previously intended for
the deposit of town rubbish. He occupied this
position for eleven years, during which period
he was frequently commended in the reports of
LordCromer. At the beginning of 1903 Chakour
Pacha retired from the service of the Egyptian
Govt., since when he has devoted himself to
financial, and more especially to industrial
affairs. He married, Nov. 30, 1879, Sophie von
Reinlein von Rautenbough.

Richmond (C. C.) and Smithfield (O.R.C.), of
Middlemount, Richmond District, Cape Colony.
He is the son of S. H. Chambers, Barrister-at-
Law, Inner Temple, and his mother was one of
the family of Hares, of Hurstmonceaux Castle,
Sussex. His grandfather was Sir Charles H.
Chambers, Puisne Judge, Bombay, and his
grandfather on the maternal side was Captain
Marcus Hare, R.N. of Court Grange, Newton,
Devon. He was born Nov. 1, 1863, in London,
and was educated at Tonbridge Sch. and
Clifton Coll. He went to Cape Colony in 1889
and purchased the property of Middlemount,
in the District of Richmond, and was appointed
a J.P. in 1893. On the S.A. War breaking out
he served hi the Transport Service under General
Paget with the 20th Brigade at Lindley, Bethle-
hem, etc., and subsequently in the Northern
Transvaal. He joined the Scouts, and was com-
missioned in the S. African Irregular Forces
as Lieut. He was with the columns in O.R.C.
and Western Transvaal, and was finally trans-
ferred to the Field Intelligence Department and
given the rank of Capt. At the conclusion



of hostilities he was appointed Pres. of the
Repatriation Commission for the District of
Smithfield, O.B.C., by the Governor of the
Colony, and subsequently Administrator of
Relief for the same District. He has the Queen's
medal and three clasps, and the King's medal
and two clasps. He married Ruby Mabel
Montagu, dau. of John Montagu, and great-
granddau. of John Montagu, Colonial Sec.
of Cape Colony.

F.I.Inst., F.R.C.T., of Scott St., Pietermaritz-
burg, third son of Jas. Choles, of Devizes,
Wilts, was born at Wolverhampton, Stafford-
shire, Dec. 24, 1847. He was educated at the
Wolverhampton Gram. Sch., and received
a practical training as an engineer in the London
& N.W. Locomotive Engineering Depts. In
1869 he was selected by the late Maj.-Gen.
Worgan, R.A., Inspector-Gen, of Ordnance,
Bombay, for special duty in connection with the
Powder Mills and Ammunition Factories at
Kirkee, India. Subsequently his services were
solicited at the Grand Arsenal and Government
Dockyards, Bombay, to supervise the erection
of the 18-ton guns for H.M. turret ships,
Abyssinia and Magdala, of the Bombay Harbour
Defence. In 1874 he was again sent forward on
special duty to the arsenals at Mhow and
Neemich, Central India. In 1879 he was the
successful candidate from among nearly 200
applicants for the post of Ordnance Officer,
Natal Volunteer Dept., which he now holds.

Owing to his many years of experience and
his natural abilities for the special duties per-
taining to Ordnance work, he has brought the
Ordnance branch of the Natal Volunteer Dept.,
of which he is the chief, from its infancy to a state
of efficiency, and as far as practicable up to
date in all details of military requirements. In
1899, he had the responsibility of equipping the
Volunteers, and putting forward the mobiliza-
tion stores for the whole of the Natal Force,
which were railed at Pietermaritzburg for
Ladysmith within 24 hours from the time
instructions were received for mobilization. In
Sept. and Oct. of the same year, he equipped
those smart Irregular Corps, the Imperial Light
Horse, Bethune's M.I., and Thorneycroft's M.I.
He was at the base of operations, Pietermaritz-
burg, during the S.A. War, Sept. 13, 1899,
to May 31, 1902 (Queen's and King's medals).
H& married Johanna Jane, third dau. of
Edward and Mary Vale of Upper Clapton,
London, on Sept. 6, 1880.

ber of the Cape Legislative Assembly for the
Paarl, and was last re-elected at the general
election in Feb., 1904. He sits in the Bond

C.M.G., J.P., of Cape Town, son of the late
Gowan Clark, of Shrewsbury, was born at
Leominster, Herefordshire, Nov. 7, 1856 ; was
educated at Aberystwith and Ystradoncurig.
He was for some time in the Prince Alfred's
Guards, in which he rose to the brevet rank of
Lieut. -Col. He has now resigned his com-
mission, in that corps ; he wears the Volunteer
Officers' Decoration ; is Chief Traffic Manager
of the Cape Govt. Railways ; and a Justice of
the Peace. He married Apr. 9, 1885, Miss
Caroline Ann Kemsley.

Maritzburg, Natal ; the Imperial Colonies Club,
London ; the Victoria Club, P.M.B., and the
Maritzburg and Durban Savage Clubs, was born
at Benholm, Scotland, May 19, 1846. He is
the 2nd son of David Clark, by his wife Jean
Dundas, dau. of William Dundas and Margaret
Ramsay. He was educated at Moray House,
Edin. University, New Coll. Oxford, and at the
Universities of Gottingen and Bonn-am-Rhein,
graduating M.A. Edin. and New Coll. In 1878
he was appointed Asst. Prof, of Latin at Edin.
University. He was principal of the Maritz-
burg Coll. from 1879 to 1902 ; is a Barrister-at-
Law (Inner Temple) ; Advocate of the Supreme
Court of Natal ; and Member of the Council of
the University of the Cape of Good Hope. He
is also Pres. of the Caledonian and Natal
Societies, and of the Savage Club, Maritzburg,
and was for some time Capt. of the Scottish
Comp. of the Natal Royal Rifles. In Masonry
he is a Past District Grand Master of Natal,
etc. Mr. Clark had the distinction of having
"A Burger Quixote " inscribed to him for his
" culture, wit and humour which have estab-
lished a literary standard in South Africa." Mr.
Clark is a lover of books and the billiard table.
He married, July 3, 1882, Caroline Georgina
Warrender, youngest dau. of Gen. Sir William
Sewell, K.C.B., and niece of Sir Hew Dalrymple,
Bart., of Luchie House, N.B.

Victoria Club, Maritzburg, joined the Natal
Mounted Police in Apr. 1878. He proceeded
to the Zulu Border in Nov. of that year and



crossed the Buffalo River with the column
under Lord Chelmsford ; in Jan. 1879, was with
the reconnoitring party under Major Dartnell
when the Zulus attacked and captured the
camp at Isandhlwana, and was with the escort
which conveyed the remains of the late Prince
Imperial to Durban for embarkation ; served
with the garrisons of Rorke's Drift and Help-
niakaar until Gen. Sir Garnet Wolseley arrived,
when the N.M.P. furnished his escort to Ulundi ;
joined the escort which accompanied the ex-
Empress of the French on her tour through
Natal and Zululand in 1880 ; served with the
N.M.P. on the Basutoland Border during the
war of 1880. Was with the column under
Gen. Colley in the Boer War of 1881, and was
present at the battle of Laing's Nek ; was with
detachment of N.M.P. on the Zululand Border
in 1884 during the disturbances in that country.
He accompanied mission to Pondoland in 1887
to get treaty signed ; joined Col. Martin on the
British Mission to Arnatongaland in 1888, and
was also with that officer on the Swazi-Portuguese
Boundary Commission in the same year ; was
on the Pondoland Border during the fighting
of 1890-1 and 1893-4, and was sent on a special
mission into that country to confer with the
Paramount Chief. Was associated with Col.
Dartnell in the reorganization of the Police
Forces in 1894, and was entrusted with the
organization of the Criminal Investigation
Department, of which he is still the head, with
the rank of Inspector in the Natal Police. He
commanded the newly raised Field Force which
was despatched early in 1897 to protect the
Southern Border during Native disturbances
in East Griqualand, and afterwards marched
north to Zululand when that country was
annexed to Natal. He met Dinizulu and other
Zulu Chiefs on their return from banishment at
St. Helena, and accompanied them to their
homes. Shortly before the outbreak of the
S.A. War in 1899, Inspt. Clarke was again
transferred to the Field Force and commanded
a detachment at Ladysmith before, and during,
the siege of that town ; was present at the
action at Rietfontein, the capture of Boer guns
on Gun Hill, and the action at Caesar's Camp
on Jan. 6, 1900 ; acted as guide to the Cavalry
Brigade at the capture of Botha's Pass in June
1900, and was thereafter employed on work in
connection with Field Intelligence, with the
local rank of Major. He served with Gen.
Dartnell, as Intelligence Officer, during Gen.
French's operations in the Eastern Traansval
in 1901, and later with Gen. Bullock inthesame

capacity and in the same district. He was
sent by Gen. French on a special mission to
Zululand, where the columns were working on
that border ; was Intelligence Officer to Gen.
Dartnell in the O.R.C. during the latter part of

1901. Early in 1902, he was again sent into
Zululand on another special mission, and was
then appointed Intelligence Officer to Gen.
Bruce Hamilton, in place of Col. Woolls-Samp-
son. Shortly before the close of hostilities, he
returned to Natal to accompany the Prime
Minister to England, in the capacity of Secy., to
attend the Coronation of H.M. King Edward VII.

Major Clarke has received the following
medals the Coronation medal of 1902, the
Zulu War medal with " 1879 " clasp, the S.A.
General Service medal with bar for Basutoland,
the Queen's medal for the S.A. War, with 4
clasps, and the King's medal, with 2 clasps.
He is a J.P* for the Colony, and has acted, on
several occasions, as R.M. and Administrator
of Native Law. He introduced into Natal the
system of identification by means of finger
prints, in the classification of which he has
qualified as an expert. Major Clarke married, in
1889, the eldest dau. of Major Giles, magistrate
of Richmond, and late of the 14th Hussars. For
many years, Mr. Clarke took great interest in
racing, and he established a record in S.A,
by riding seven winners in one day at the Lady-
smith meeting in 1893.

of Alphen, Wynberg, C.C., and of the Civil
Service (C.T.), Rand and Pretoria Clubs, was
born at Wynberg in 1851. He is the eldest
surviving son of the late Dirk Cloete, J.P.,
of Wynberg, and was educated at the Diocesan
Coll., Rondebosch. He was called to the
Bar, Inner Temple, in 1877 ; Advocate of the
Supreme Court in 1878, and joined the Trans-
vaal Bar in 1879. He served as Lieut, and
Adjt. of Volunteers and was present at various
engagements around Pretoria in the Transvaal
War'of 1880-81. After the Jameson Raid he
succeeded Sir J. de Wet in May, 1896, as
British Agent in the Transvaal, and was deco-
rated with the C.M.G. for his services. In Nov.

1902, he was returned unopposed as Progressive
member for Wynberg in the Cape Assembly,
and was re-elected in Feb. 1904. His recreations
are cricket, tennis, rowing, and shooting. He
married, in 1893, the eldest dau. of the late
Rev. Van Warmelo.



DONALD, C.B. (1898), Order of the Medjidieh,
3rd Class, of the Naval and Military Club, was
born in Wiltshire, Aug. 7, 1847. He is son of
the late Col. W. M. Cochrane, and grand-
nephew of the famous Admiral Cochrane, 10th
Earl of Dundonald, inventor of the " secret
war plan " declared to be capable of destroying
any fleet or fortress in the world.

Col. W. F. D. Cochrane was educated at
Kensington School and Sandhurst, passing in
1866 into the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infan-
fcry, of the 1st Batt. of which he was adjutant
for many years. From 1879 to 1882 he was
A.A.G. and C.S.O. of the Cape Colonial Forces,
during which time the colony was engaged in a
series of wars, commencing with the Morosi
affair and ending with the East Griqualand,
Tembuland, and Basuto rebellions. He served
through the Zulu war at first as Staff Officer to
Col. Durnford, and was one of the few sur-
vivors from Isandhlwana. He then obtained
the command of the Natal Native Horse, and
was present at Kambula, Z'lobane Mountain,
and Ulundi (medals for Zulu, Basuto, and
Transkei wars), his services being brought to
the notice of the Colonial and Imperial Govts.
In 1882 he received a brevet majority, and took
part in the Egyptian War of that year. (Medal.)

From 1S83 to 1887 he filled the appointment
of D.A.A.G., China and the Straits Settlements ;
was D.A.Q.M.G., Headquarters Staff, Ireland,
in 1887-8; and from 1890 to 1892 he acted as
Asst. Mil. Secy, to Sir W. Gordon Cameron,
K.C.B., then commanding in S.A., which
appointment he resigned on being selected to
command a brigade in the Egyptian Army, in
which he served from 1893 to 1898. At the
time of the Dongola advance he was in com-
mand of the Line of Communication (Sudan
Medal), and was afterwards appointed first
Governor of the Nubia Province. From 1900 he
was C.S.O. for the Belfast Dist. until his retire-
ment from the Army in 1903. Col. Cochrane
married in 1893, Carola, dau. or the late T. H.
Moller, of Hamburg.

and Addison Studios, Kensington, and the
Royal Colonial Institute, was born in Harrington
Square, London, on May 30, 1862, and comes
of a family of painters, his father, grand-
father, and great-grand-uncles having all been
well known artists. Mr. Tennyson Cole was
educated at Chiswick Coll., Middlesex, and
applied himself early to the study of art,
exhibiting in London at the age of 20. He

has spent some years in Australia, New Zea-
land, Tasmania, and S.A., I painting the
portraits of Colonial celebrities, including
Lord Milner and the late Mr. Cecil Rhodes.
In 1900 he accompanied Dr. Carl Peters
on his second expedition up the Zambesi. He
was married: first, in Apr. 1884, to Miss
Alice Mary Saintsbury, who died in Australia
in Apr. 1893; and second, Apr. 18, 1894, to Miss
Hetty Binstead.

WILLIAM, C.B., of Bulawayo, and of the Bula-
wayo and Rand Clubs, is of Dutch extraction ;
was born at Pine Town, Natal, on Nov. 1,
1858 ; and was educated at New Guelderland,
Natal. Col. Colenbrander has for many
years been associated with Rhodesia. Long
before the country came under the aegis of the
Chartered Co. he hunted and traded with the
natives, gaining a knowledge of the country
and its chiefs, which stood him in good stead
during the two Matabele wars. He served in
the Zulu War, the Matabele War of 1 893, com-
manded a corps of " Friendlies " in the Mata-
bele Rebellion of 1896, and subsequently played
a prominent part in negotiating peace with the
Indunas in the Matoppos. In the S.A. War
1899-1902 he raised and commanded the 1st
Regt. of Kitchener's Fighting Scouts (1,200
strong), doing excellent work throughout in
the Northern Transvaal and Cape Colony.

Col. Colenbrander has been twice married,
his second wife (who died in Apr. 1904) having
been Yvonne Winifred, dau. of Capt. Loftus
Nunn, late of H.M. 99th Regt., and sister-in-
law to Capt. Cassell, Adjt. of the Southern
Rhodesia Volunteers.

3rd Royal Irish Regt., of Boksburg, Transvaal,
and Mount Temple, Clontarf, co. Dublin, was
born at Lucan, Dublin, and educated at Hailey-
bury. He was successively A.D.C. to Sir
Henry A. Blake, Governor of Jamaica ; A.D.C.
and Priv. Secy, to Sir Augustus L. Hemming,
Governor of Jamaica ; and Inspector of Jamaica
Constabulary. He served through the S.A.
War with the 1st M.I. as Special Service Officer
(Queen's and King's medals) ; was later ap-
pointed Military Magistrate at Boksburg, under
the Military Governor of Johannesburg, and is
at present Asst. R.M. at Boksburg.

K.C.M.G., C.B., of Lightwater, Bagshot ; Lul-


lington, Burton-on-Trent ; Grangewood House,
Ashby-de-la-Zouch ; 80, South Audley Street, W.;
and of the Guards', Travellers', Beefsteak,
Automobile, and Aero Clubs, and member of
the Royal Yacht Squadron, son of the late Col.
Chas. R. Colvile, J.P., D.L., and M.P. for S.
Derbyshire, and Katherine, dau. of 23rd
Baroness de Clifford and Capt. Jn. Russell,
R.N., was born at Kirkley Hall, Hinckley,
Leicestershire, July 10, 1852. He was educated
at Eton and privately in Switzerland and
France, meanwhile travelling about consider-
ably with Ms father on yachting cruises. Sir
Henry entered the Grenadier Guards in 1870.
In 1878 he undertook a journey to Morocco,
explored the Riff country, and was the first
European to cross from Fez to Algeria, his
account of which, " A Ride in Petticoats and
Slippers," was published in 1879. In 1880 he
was appointed A.D.C. to Gen. the Hon. Sir
Leicester Smythe, who then commanded the
British forces at the Cape. He resigned this on
attaining his Captaincy, and shortly after took
part in an expedition to survey and report upon
the country between the Dead Sea and the Gulf
of Akabah. This accomplished, he was ap-
pointed to Sir F. Stevenson's Intelligence
Department at Cairo, joined the Suakim Ex-
pedition in 1884, and was present at El Teb and
Tamai, receiving medal and clasp, the Khedival
Star, and being twice mentioned in despatches.
After returning to England, he was selected for
a special mission to survey the Arbain Road
and report on the possibility of the Mahdi
invading Egypt by this route. Having reported
in the negative, he was detailed for further
important work in the Sudan before and during
Lord Wolseley's expedition, meanwhile being
promoted Lieut. -Col. For these services he
was mentioned in despatches (clasp and C.B.).
He was next Chief of the Intelligence Depart-
ment of the Frontier Field Force, was present
at the action at Gennis (despatches), and attained
Colonel's rank. Sir Henry returned home in
1866, was appointed to the Intelligence Depart-
ment of the War Office, and wrote the official
history of the Sudan Campaign. During a term
of sick leave he made the tour of South Africa
accompanied by Lady Colvile, who subse-
quently published her book, " Round the Black
Man's Garden." Sir Henry also crossed Mada-
gascar from Antananarivo to Majunga. Early
in 1893 he went to India, and subsequently as
Intelligence Officer to a British column in
Burmah. Thence he was placed in charge at
JJganda, and established a post on the Albert

Nyanza. All this hard work caused a break-
down in Col. Colvile's health, and he returned
home, was decorated with the K.C.M.G., Central
African medal, and the Star of Zanzibar. He
resumed regimental duty, and in 1898 was
gazetted Maj.-Gen. In 1899 he was appointed
to command the Infantry Brigade in Gibraltar,
thence being appointed (March, 1900) to com-
mand the 9th Division in S.A. (medal and
5 clasps). He was mentioned in despatches
four times by Lord Methuen and twice by the
C.I.C. in S.A. for services at Paardeberg
and Poplar Grove, but it is regretted that his
military reputation was not enhanced by the

Online LibraryWalter H WillsThe Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book → online text (page 7 of 49)