Walter H Wills.

The Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book online

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1 849. He is 3rd son of the late Capt. C. Crook-
shank, 51st Regt., and grandson of Col. A.
Crookshank, K.H. 33rd Regt. Dr. Crook-
shank was educated at Boulogne-s.-M. and at
Cheltenham. He served as surgeon to the
British Red Cross Soc. during the Franco-Ger-
man (1870-71), Turko-Servian (1876), Turko-
Russian (1877) and Sudan (1885) wars; was
Inspector-Gen, of Egyptian Prisons Administra-
tion from 1883 to 1897 ; British Controller-Gen,
of the Daira Sanieh Administration from 1897 ;
and is Director of the Daira Sanieh Co. and of the
Standard Life Insurance Co. He married, in
1891, Emma Walraven, only dau. of Major S.
Comfort, of New York, U.S.A.

CROSBIE, R., was senior member of the Cape
Legislative Assembly for the Province of Albany
until 1903.

CROSBIE, W., M.L.A., represents the elec-
toral division of Vryburg in the Progressive
interest in the Cape Legislative Assembly. He
was returned unopposed at the election in 1904.

CROSSE, REV. A. J. W., formerly vicar of
Rye, Sussex, was given the living of St. Cyprian's,
Durban, in 1902, rendered vacant through the
resignation of Canon Johnson.

CUNNINGTON, WILLIAM ALFRED, Ph.D.
(Jena), of 13, The Chase, Clapham Common,
Surrey, and of Christ's Coll., Camb., was born
Aug. 31, 1877 ; was educated at Mill Hill Sch.,
the Royal Coll. of Science, Lond., Jena, an r \ Cam-
bridge. He was appointed Demonstrator of
Zoology at the Royal Coll. of Science. Dublin,
in 1899 ; took his'Ph.D. degree in 1902 ; was
Research Student at Christ's Coll. Camb., 1902,



ANGLO- AFRICAN WHO'S WHO



37



and left in charge of a scientific expedition to
Tanganyika in 1904. Unmarried.

CURREY, H. L., M.L.A. An advocate by
profession, he was returned unopposed to
represent George (C.C.) in the Legislative
Assembly in the Bond interest in Nov. 1902, and
was re-elected at the general election in Feb.
1904.

CURRIE, JAMES, B.A., of Khartoum, and of
the Turf Club, Cairo, was born at Edinburgh in
1868 ; was educated at Fettes Coll. Edin., and
graduated at Lincoln Coll., Oxon. He was
appointed Director of Education under the
Sudan Govt., and Principal of the Gordon Coll.,
Khartoum, in 1900. Unmarried.

DALGETY-CAMPBELL, DALGETY GORDON,
Hon. Lieut. N.S.W. Forces, of the Barberton
Dist. Club, was born at Sydney, N.S. Wales,
Oct. 21, 1877. He comes from an old Argyll and
Aberdeenshire family, and is a cousin of Lady
Trafalgar, who married the eldest son of the
3rd Earl Nelson in 1879. He is also cousin of
Col. Dalgety of Wepener fame. Mr. Dalgety-
Campbell was educated at Oxley Coll. and
Hawksbury Agricultural Col., N.S. Wales, and
has had a varied career in Australia, China,
Africa and other parts of the globe. In early
life he was for a short period in the Navy ; he
spent a short time with an exploring party in
China, later on he was bookkeeper in a store in
Parkes, N.S.W., and eventually went into the
backblocks of Australia as a schoolmaster. A
year later saw him as one of the best known
cross-country and steeplechase riders in the
colony, at which he earned his living ; he, how-
ever, abandoned this means of livelihood and
after engaging as a professional cycle rider,
milkman, drover, fencer and miner he drifted
into journalism. He was for some time editor
of the Wyalong " Advocate," published in a
small township in N.S. Wales. When the Boer
war broke out he went to Sydney, joined the
N.S. Wales M.I., and came to Africa as a trooper.
He was severely wounded at Vet River, May 1,
1900. When Pretoria fell, he raced with Bennet
Burleigh, the war correspondent, to see who
would be first man to enter the capital. He
reached the Artillery Barracks first, took pos-
session, and when some hours later the troops
entered Mr. Campbell handed the barracks over
to Major Marker, D.S.O., of the Coldstream
Guards, A.D.C. to Lord Kitchener. Among
the prisoners in the barracks at the time were the



famous Lt. Mike Du Toit, Major Erasmus, and
Lt. Cordua, who was subsequently executed for
being implicated in the attempt to kidnap Lord
Roberts. At the hour of Mr. Campbell' s entry
there were about 4,000 Boers in the town, guns,
etc. At Diamond Hill, June 13, he was again
severely wounded and invalided to Australia,
Six months later he was again in S.A., in
command of a squadron of Mounted Rifles, re-
taining the command until peace was declared ;
after which he resigned his commission and was
appointed as Special Travelling Correspondent
to the ; ' Leader." His articles ran in the
" Leader " for weeks, and were noted for their
fine descriptive power. Subsequently Capt.
Campbell was appointed to the Central Re-
patriation Commission sitting in Johannesburg ;
he resigned this position and took over the editor-
ship of the " Gold Fields News," Barberton.
From here he went to England on journalistic
work, returned to the Transvaal and is now
editing the " Transvaal Advertiser." Mr.
Campbell has come prominently before Lord
Milner and Sir Arthur Lawley.

DALRYMPLE, CAPT. HON. JOHN JAMES, J.P.,
of the Guards' (London) and New (Edin.) Clubs,
only son of Viscount Dalrymple, and grandson
of the Earl of Stair, was born in London, Feb. 1,
1879. He was educated at Harrow and Sand-
hurst, passing into the Scots Guards, Feb. 1898 ;
Lieut., Oct. 1899 ; Capt., June 1903. He
served in S.A. with the 1st Battn. Scots Guards
from Jan. 1900, to July 1902 (Queen's medal, 5
clasps ; King's medal, 2 clasps). He is a mem-
ber of the King's Bodyguard, Scottish Archers
(1903), and J.P. for Wigtonshire. His recrea-
tions are shooting and fishing.

DAVEL, F. R., M.L.A. A member of the
Afrikander Bond, sitting in the Cape Legislative
Assembly as the representative of Graaff-Reinet.

DAVEY, THOMAS GABBY, F.G.S., M.I.M.M.,
M.A.I.M.E., was born in Spain ; he was educated
in England and very soon turned his attention
to the study of mining, following up his theo-
retical knowledge with a practical experience
commencing in the silver and other mines of
Spain and Australia. In the United States he
has been retained to report upon the gold and
copper of Arizona and elsewhere, and has lately
been appointed Consulting Engineer to the
Northern Copper (B.S.A.) Co., Ltd., and the
Rhodesian Copper Co., Ltd. In addition to his
professional work on behalf of individuals he has



ANGLO-AFRICAN WHO'S WHO



found leisure at different times to act as lecturer
on mining to the Technical College at Sydney
(N.S.W.), where he was the founder and a
director of a School of Mines, and in 1895 was
appointed Examiner in Metallurgy of the various
Schools of Mines in the State of Victoria. He
acted as a Shire Councillor for the Bright district
of that colony for seven years, during which time
he was once President of the Council, and was
Justice of the Peace from 1895 until the ter-
mination of his residence in Victoria.

DAVIDSON, WALTER EDWARD, M.L.C.,
C.M.G., Palmes Academiques (en Or.) ; of Pre-
toria ; of 62, Brook Street, W., and of the Sports
Club, was born at Valetta, Malta, in 1859. He
was educated at Christ's Coll., Camb. (Scholar),
and entered the Civil Service in 1880 ; has filled
the posts of Magistrate, Judge and Commissioner,
besides which he has been Secy, of the Ceylon
Section of the Colonial and Indian Exhibition
(1886) ; Mayor of Colombo, Ceylon, 1896-97 ;
representative of the Govt. of Ceylon at the
Exposition Universelle, Paris (1900), for his
services in connection with which he was made
Officer d' Instruction Publique (France) ; and
special officer to deal with Waste Lands, Ceylon,
1901. He has also written two books on the
resources of Ceylon, 1886 and 1900. He was
Colonial Secy, of the Transvaal from 1902 to
1903, and is a member of its Legislative and
Executive Councils. Mr. Davidson was married
in 1 882 ; is a widower, and has one son at Balliol
Coll., Oxon.

DAVIES W. D., of Johannesburg. "Karri"
Davies (as he is generally called) was one of the
two Reform prisoners who, when the question of
petitioning for some mitigation of their sentences
was raised, consistently refused to sacrifice their
self respect by making such a supplication to
the Govt. which had treated them in what they
deemed to be a dishonest and treacherous
manner. Those only who can comprehend the
terribly insanitary condition of a Boer gaol,
where blacks and whites were huddled together
as ordinary felons, fed on the worst of fare and
continually subject to the harsh treatment of
the gaolers, can appreciate fully such a sacrifice
to principle when a word would have effected their
release. He took part in the recent S.A. War.

DAVIES, WILLIAM THOMAS FREDERICK, B.S.,
M.D. (Lond.), M.R.C.S. (Eng.), D.S.O., of
Johannesburg, was born at Swansea, Aug. 13,
1860. He is son of Dr. E. Davies, Medical Officer



of Health, Swansea, and grandson of P. F.
Bluett, of Holcombe Court, Holcombe Regis ;
was educated privately and at Guy's Hospital.
He went to S.A. to practise in 1889 ; was a mem-
ber of the Reform Committee in 1896, for which
he underwent trial and imprisonment. In the
late S.A. War he served as Surgeon-Major in the
I.L.H., being present at Elandslaagte and the
siege of Ladysmith ; was afterwards in medical
charge of Col. Marion's relief column to Mafeking,
and was invalided home in Aug., 1900.

DAVIS, ALEXANDER, of 73, Brondesbury Rd.,
London, N.W., and 16, Devonshire Square, E.G.,
was born in London ; was educated privately
and studied in Germany. He has spent the best
part of his life in S.A., in commerce, travel,
prospecting and journalism. He was one of the
early hands at the Lydenburg Goldfields, settling
afterwards in Swaziland under King Umbandine,
trading and hunting the eastern littoral. After
prospecting in Barberton he settled on the Rand
and eventually followed the stream northwards
to Bulawayo, where he was in laager during the
siege (1896). There he established the "Bula-
wayo Sketch," which he edited and illustrated,
and ran it for some years until he thought the
time was ripe for Rhodesia to be represented by
a journal in London, hence the weekly "Rho-
desia," which, however, he closed down in 1902,
when invited to assume the editorship of the
" African Review." Mr. Davis is a keen
disciple of Cecil Rhodes, a devotee of art, an
amateur sculptor, and a student of pliilosophy
and ethics. He is the author of " The Native
Problem," " Umbandine, a Romance of Swazi-
land," and a contributor of articles and reviews
to current literature. He married, at Durban,
Arabelle, dau. of the late Edwin Selig, of Man-
chester.

DAWKINS, SIR CLINTON EDWARD, K.C.B., 1st

class Medjidieh, of 38, Queen Anne's Gate, S.W.,
Polesden Lacey, Dorking, and of the Athenaeum,
Brooks', the City, and Cosmopolitan Clubs,
is the son of Clinton G. C. Dawkins, of the
Foreign Office. He was born 1859, in London,
and was educated at Cheltenham Coll., and
Balliol Coll., Oxford, where he graduated
M.A., taking honours in Moderations and Greats.
Sir Clinton acted as Private Secy, to Lord Cross
of the India Office in 1886, and Private Sec. to
Mr. Goschen, when Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer, in 1889. He was a representative of
the Peruvian Corporation in S. America, 1891 ;
was Under-Secy. for Finance in Egypt, 1895, and



ANGLO-AFRICAN WHO'S WHO



39



Financial Member of the Council of the Gover-
nor-General of India, 1899. He became a
partner in Messrs. J. S. Morgan & Co. in 1900,
and was Chairman of the Committee of War
Office Re-organization, 1901. Lord Milner's
famous " England in Egypt " contains an appen-
dix from Sir Clinton's pen. His recreations are
fencing, hunting, shooting, etc. He married in
1888, Louise Johnston.

DE BEER, M. J., M.L.A., represents Picquet-
berg in the Bond interest in the Cape House of
Assembly. He was elected in Feb. 1904.

DE KOCK, J. W., M.L.A., represents Mafe-
king in the Progressive interest in the Cape
Legislative Assembly, to which he was elected in
1904.

DE LA REY, EX-GEN. JACOBTIS HENDRICK,
represented the Lichtenburg Dist. of the Trans-
vaal in the First Raad for three years and was
regarded as moderate in politics, with a predi-
lection for progress. He served right through
the Boer War, and if not the most brilliant, from
a military point of view, of the Boer generals, he
followed close on the reputation of Commandant
Louis Botha. He was responsible for Lord
Methuen's unfortunate defeat at Tweebosch
early in March, 1902 practically the last affair
of importance in the S.A. War, and took
an important part in the peace negotiations, and
subsequent efforts to alter the conditions of peace.
His wife is about to publish a book entitled " My
Rambles and Experiences during the War."
He was first Pres. of the Western Transvaal
Farmers' Association, the policy of which is to
co-operate cordially with the new Government.

DE MEIRELLES, VISCOUNT, FRANCISCO DE
MENEZES MEIRELLES Do CANTO E CASTRO,
K.C.M.G. (Nov. 9, 1902), Knight Commander of
the Order of Our Lady of Conception, of Villa
Viosa, and Officer of the Order of Santiago for
Literary and Scientific Merit ; of Guiiita de San
Mathens, Dafundo, Portugal, and Potsdamer-
strasse, Berlin, is the son of Senhor Andre
Meirelles de Tavora do Canto e Castro,
Knight Commander of the Order of Christ, and
Dona Anna de Menezes de Lemos e Carvalho.
The Meirelles are an old Portuguese family of
Northern Portugal, a branch of which settled at
Terceira (Azores) in the fifteenth century. The
male members have the hereditary rank of Knight
of the Royal Household (Fidalgo Cavalleiro da
Caza Real). The present Viscount was born



Nov. 21, 1850, at Angra do Heroismo, Terceira
Island, Azores. He was Director of the Customs,
Mozambique, 187579, idem at Goa (Portuguese
India), 1879-81 ; Consul and afterwards Consul-
General in British India, 1883-91, and Governor
of Manica e Sofala (Mozambique), 1894-95, 1897
and 1899-1901. The Viscount de Meirelles is
best known as the Portuguese Governor, who,
at Beira (chief town of the Manica and Sofala
Territories) in 1900 welcomed so warmly the
Colonial Troops (Canadian and Australian Con-
tingents) which landed there on their way to
Rhodesia. He was one of the first among his
countrymen to perceive that the future relations
of Portugal and Great Britain largely depended
upon the way the British troops were received
at that delicate juncture. His speeches (especi-
ally the one he made at the dinner he offered
to Gen. Sir Frederick Carrington) were then
much commended in the Portuguese Press, and
also in the English papers all over the world,
including the " Times." Shortly afterwards the
Lisbon Govt. did not approve of some local
measure promulgated at Beira by Governor
Meirelles, and he was dismissed in May, 1901.
In the Order to the British Army issued by Lord
Roberts at the end of that year the Portuguese
Governor was referred to as one of the few
foreigners who were deserving of honourable
mention for his attitude during the war. Later
on (May, 1902) Counsellor Meirelles was created
a Portuguese Viscount, and in the following Nov.,
on the birthday of H.M. King Edward VII, he
was made a K.C.M.G. At present he is an
Attache for Commercial Affairs to the Portu-
guese Legation in Berlin. Viscount Meirelles
is a Counsellor to H.M. the King of Portugal.
He married, April 9, 1875, Dona Maria-Carlota
da Costa Freitas.

DE MOLEYNS, LIEUT.-COL. HON. FREDERICK
ROSSMORE WATICHOPE EVERLEIGH,D.S.O. (1897),
of Salisbury, Mashonaland, was born Dec. 11,
1861 ; is the eldest son and heir of the 4th Lord
Ventry. He was educated at Harrow, and
entered the 4th Hussars in 1883. In 1889 he
was A.D.C. to Lord Hopetoun, when he was
seconded from his regt. He rejoined in 1890,
acting as Adjt. from 1893 to 1896. In May of
that year he obtained leave to proceed to S.A.,
and was employed on Sir Fred. Carrington' s
Staff, serving through most of the campaign in
Matabeleland, and afterwards in Mashonaland
(mentioned in despatches, and D.S.O.), where he
was appointed Commissioner of Police. Ha
retired from the service in 1901.



ANGLO -AFRICAN WHO'S WHO



DEMPERS, HON. H. J., M.L.C., was member
of the Cape Legislative Assembly for the pro-
vince of Caledon until the general election of
Feb. 1904, when he was returned to the Legis-
lative Council as representative of the South-
western Circle. He is a member of the Bond.

DENNY, GEORGE ALFRED ; mem. of the
Australian, American and North of Eng. In-
stitutes of Mining Engineers ; of Yeoville,
Johannesburg, and of the Rand Club, was born
at Bathurst, New South Wales, Feb. 28, 1868.
He was educated at various institutions in New
South Wales, and attended science lectures at
Ballarat Sch. of Mines. He acted as Asst. En-
gineer to various mining cos. in Australia,
1888-90 ; was Inspecting Engineer in America
and Europe for London groups, 1891-92 ; was
engaged on construction work, 1892-95 ; was
Consulting Engineer to the Klerksdorp Prop.
Mines from 1895 to 1897, since when he has
acted in a similar capacity to the General Mining
& Finance Corporation, Ltd. Mr. Denny is the
originator of new metallurgical processes prin-
cipally relating to the continuous and automatic
treatment of gold ore slimes ; is the author of
' Klerksdorp Goldfields," " Diamond Drilling,"
" Deep Level Mines of the Rand," and frequently
contributes to Scientific Societies on technical
subjects. He married, Mar. 5, 1903, Winifred,
dau. of Fred. Bennett, J.P., of Durban.

DENTON, SIB GEORGE CHAHDIN, K.C.M.G.,
C.M.G., of Government House, Gambia ; Hill-
top, Oxford ; and of the Naval and Military,
Wyndham, and Grosvenor Clubs, is the only
surviving son of the late Rev. Robert A. Denton,
rector of Stower Provost, Dorset, where he was
born on June 22, 1851. He was educated at
Rugby, and by private tutors. He entered the
Army (57th Regt.) 1869, became Lieut. 1871,
Captain in 1878, and retired in 1878. Joining
the Civil Service, he was Chief of Police at St.
Vincent in 1880, and Col. Secy, at Lagos, 1888.
He administered the Governments of St. Vincent
and Lagos on various occasions for long periods
between 1885 and 1900, when he was appointed
Administrator of the Gambia. He married, in
1879, Jean Margaret Alan, dau. of the late Alan
Stevenson, C.E., F.R.S.

DE SMIDT, HON. A. G., M.L.C. is a member
of the Cape Legislative Council for the South-
West Circle, and was last re-elected to the Upper
House in Feb. 1904. He holds his seat in the
Progressive interest.



DE VILLIERS, JOHAN ZTJLCH, of Standerton,
Transvaal, was born at the Paarl, C.C., July 12,
1S45, and is of Huguenot descent. He was
edticated at the Paarl Gymnasium and privately
by Dr. Rose Innes at Cape Town. After
leaving school he was appointed Secy, to the
Paarl Wine & Brandy Co., but on the Basuto
War breaking out he joined the Free State forces,
and after fifteen months' fighting settled in a
mercantile house at Fauresmith, shortly after-
wards (May, 1868) entering the Civil Service as
Public Prosecutor at Boshof, O.F.S. He then
became private secy, to the late President, Sir
John Brand ; then first clerk to the Govt. Secy.,
and successively Secy, to the Volksraad, Regis-
trar of the High Court, Landdrost of Boshof
(1871), Landdrost of Harrismith (1875), which he
relinquished (1881) at the request of the trium-
virate composed of Kriiger, Joubert and Pre-
torius to become Landdrost of Pretoria, during
which time he also acted for six months as
Attorney-General. From July, 1890, to July,
1895, he was Govt. Secy., Treasurer
and Landdrost for Swaziland under the dual
Govt. He was later appointed Special Land-
drost of the Pilgrim's Rest Gold Fields, and
Burgomaster of Johannesburg, Oct. 1897, which
post he held until the British occupation.

Mr. de Villiers passed under the old law of
the Free State as an Attorney, which gave him
the right to practise as an advocate of the High
Court. He is a Masonic Knight of the R. Cross.
He married, Nov. 1, 1870, Susanna Margaretha
de Villiers, first cousin to Sir Henry de
Villiers, Chief Justice of the Cape of Good
Hope.

DE VILLIERS, MELIUS, B.A., LL.B., of
Wynberg, C.C., is the son of the late C. C. de
Villiers of Paarl, C.C. He was born at Paarl,
Sept. 5, 1849, and educated at the Paarl
Gymnasium and the S.A. Coll., Cape Town,
graduating B.A. and LL.B. at the Cape Univ.
He was appointed Second then First Puisne
Judge and subsequently Chief Justice of the
High Court of the O.F.'S. But it is as an
Arbitrator in several disputes between the
British and Transvaal Govts. that he is prin-
cipally known. In 1885 he was the Arbitra-
tor between the two Governments regarding the
Western Boundary of the Transvaal, and sub-
sequently he was an Arbitrator between the
same Govts. as to a question arising under the
London Convention with regard to the position
of H.B.M. Indian subjects in the Transvaal.
He is the author of " The Roman and Roman-



ANGLO-AFRICAN WHO'S WHO



Dutch Law of Injuries " (1899). He married
Miss A. Holmes-Orr, dau. of the Rev. W.
Holmes-Orr, of West Lysford Rectory, Somer-
set, England,

DE WAAL, DAVID C., M.L.A., of Cape Town,
was born at Modder, Stellenbosch, C. C.,
and comes of an old colonial stock, his father
and grandfather having fought against the
British at Blaauwberg. He followed first the
calling of farmer, and then became an iron-
monger and merchant at Cape Town, which he
formerly represented on the Town Council. He
was Mayor of Cape Town in 188990, when he
marked his year of office by planting an avenue
of trees in the street which bears his name. He
has for a long time represented Picquetberg in
the House of Assembly ; is a Protectionist ; a
member of the Bond ; generally accompanied
Mr. Rhodes on his journeys in the Cape, and
remained his faithful champion during the
troubles following on the Raid. He also warmly
supported Lord Milner in the House, energetic-
ally protesting against the enmity to the British
being encouraged and kept alive in the Cape
Parliament (Sept. 1902). Mr. cle Waal has
travelled extensively in Europe as well as in
S.A. He was not re-elected at the general
elections in 1904.

DE WAAL, NICHOLAS FKEDERICK, M.L.A., is
member of the Cape Legisative Assembly for
the province of Colesberg, for which constituency
he was last elected in Feb. 1904. He is a member
of the Bond.

DE WET, CHRISTIAN- RUDOLF, of the O.R.C.,
farmer. Ex-Gen. De Wet fought right
through the S.A. War, 1899-1902. Al-
though a man of considerable local influence,
he entered the Heilbron Commando as an
ordinary burgher, but was elected Vice-Comdt.
on the day the ultimatum expired. The
skill and boldness he displayed at Nicholson's
Nek attracted Pres. Steyn's attention, and at
Magersfontein he found himself in command
of the O.F.S. contingent with Gen. Cronje,
whose second in command he was. His
capture of our convoy at Waterval and his
gallant attempt to relieve Cronje at Paarde-
berg were the prelude to his appointment as
Commander-in-Chief of the Free State forces.
Meanwhile the British successes of that time
so demoralized the burghers that the general
had to allow them a respite from military
service. However, his accidental sucess at



Sanna's Post, and his capture at Reddersburg,
gave fresh courage and brought new recruits to
his side. Many vicissitudes followed, and Gen.
De Wet began to give evidence of his extra-
ordinary resources in evading the British forces
and getting out of tight places. At the same
time he deputed men of energy to rally those
burghers who had already surrendered and taken
the oath of neutrality, with great results. Once
decided that the condition of the country would
not permit of operations on a large scale, he
split up his forces into small commandos and
adopted the guerilla style, and his record now
was mainly harassing and running away, but
so excellent were his mobility, field intelligence
and dash when occasion prompted, that he still
gave the greatest trouble and every now and
then effected a coup, such as the capture of
Col. Firman's camp at Tweefontein, soon after
which the proclamation of peace relieved vis
of one of the most resourceful, energetic
and capable leaders that have opposed the
British arms in S.A. In the wider aspect of
strategy his judgment was somewhat
lacking ; his scruples were not always
over fine. But he was latterly playing a
losing game, in a huge country, with no com-
munications and ever increasing difficulties in
obtaining stores, munitions and horses, upon,
which his very existence depended.

He has written a book called " Three Years of
War " for which he received 10,000, and he is



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