1 Travers* Gray.
2 Minnie* Gray.
3 Louisa* Gray, d. young.
2 Louisa' Travers, m. James W. Wadsworth, of Genese,
New York, who is at present a member of Congress.
1 James* W. Wadsworth, Jr.
2 Harriet* Wadsworth.
3 John' Travers, d. young.
4 Ellen' Travers, m. William Duer, of New York.
I KaTHERINE* Duer, m., 1898, C. Mackey.
5 HaTTie' Travers, m. George R. Fearing, of New
I Richmond* Fearing.
6 Matilda' Travers, m. Walter Gray, of New York.
7 William' R.TRAVERS.Jr.m. Miss Hariman. No issue.
8 Susan' Travers, unmarried.
9 Reverdy' Johnson Travers, d. without issue.
VIII Matilda*' Elizabeth Bowie Johnson, m. Charles John
I Mary' Mackall Gwynn, single.
IX Emily" Contee Johnson, m. Judge George Washington
Lewis, of Virginia.
I Lorenzo' Lewis, m. Rose McCormick.
THE MAR YLAND B O IVIES. 167
I Washington^ Lewis.
2 Esther' Lewis, m. Samuel McCormick.
I Emii,y* McCormick.
3 Louisa' Lewis.
4 Conrad' Lewis.
5 Robert' Lee Lewis.
6 Reverdy' Lewis.
7 Maud' Lewis, m. Whiting.
8 Wii,i,iam' Travers Lewis.
9 Ei.r<A' Lewis.
10 Mary' Lewis, died.
X Frances'' Cornewa Barber Johnson, d. young.
XI Thomas** Bowie Johnson, d. young.
XII Louis** Eichelberger Johnson, m. ist Margaret H.
Clancy, 2d Charlotte Boteler.
Issue by first wife :
1 Lewis' E. Johnson, Jr., m. and living in Cincinnati,
2 Mary' Johnson, m. William Scott O'Connor, of
3 Reverdy' Johnson, d. young.
4 Matii^da' Johnson, m. Arthur Kavanaugh, of New
The issue by iitecond wife, Charlotte Boteler, was :
I ALI.EN' M. Johnson.
XIII Eiyi.A® Johnson, m. Charles Goldsboro Kerr, of Baltimore.
He died in 1898. For many years was State's Attorney
for Baltimore City, and long a distinguished leader of
1 Mary' Bowie Kerr.
2 Ei.i<a' Johnson Kerr.
3 Charles' Goldsboro Kerr, Jr.
4 Reverdy' Johnson Kerr.
XIV Bo wiE** Johnson, m. Virginia Thayer; d. leaving
1 Reverdy' Ralph Johnson, d. in childhood.
2 Virginia' Johnson.
3 Bowie' Johnson, Jr.
XV Maj. Edward" ConTEE Johnson, m. Kate Moore, of Vir-
ginia. He is an officer in the Fifth Maryland Regiment.
1 Mary' Bowie Johnson.
2 Anne' Bowie Moore Johnson.
i68 THE MARYLAND BOWIES,
Robert' Bowie, "of Cedar Hill," (Thomas*
CoNTEE Bowie. Capt. Fielder^ Bowie. Allen^
Bowie, Sr. John^ Bowie, Sr.) eldest son of Thomas
Contee Bowie and his wife, Mary Mackall (Bowie) Bowie,
Robert Bowie, "of Cedar Hill."
was born near Queen Anne, Prince George's County,
Maryland, April 4, 1804. He grew up at " Bowieville,"
the beautiful home erected by his mother after his father's
death. Was educated by private tutors when a small boy,
and finished a collegiate course at St. John's College,
Annapolis. Upon the death of his mother, was appointed
administrator of the estate, and in order to effect a divi-
THE MARYLAND BOWIES. 169
sion among the nine children was compelled to sell
" Bowieville." In 1826 he married Margaret, daughter
of George French, of Washington County, Maryland, and
his wife, Margaret W. Weems, who was a daughter of
James William Lock Weems and Mary Hall, his wife.
Mrs. French's sister, Amelia Weems, married Walter
Bowie, Jr. (See Article 28.) After his marriage, Robert
Bowie resided at " Cedar Hill," which farm was an inheri-
tance of his wife. This estate Mr. Bowie managed with
such skill that it. soon was one of the finest plantations
in that fei-tile region, known as " The Forest," of Prince
George's County. He was very active in organizing
agricultural societies, and at the annual county fairs
usually bore off many of the best prizes for blooded stock,
fine fruit, tobacco, and other products of his estate. A
man of splendid physique, a fluent talker and graceful ad-
dress, he organized the Maryland Jockey Club, and by his
eloquent appeals throughout Southern Maryland, suc-
ceeded in gaining sufficient subscribers to erect the well-
known " Maryland Agricultural College." He also was
one of the first to bring before the people the necessity
for a railroad through the Southern countries, and the
final construction of the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad
was largely owing to the zeal and energy with which Mr.
Bowie advocated the enterprise. Although ever deeply in-
terested in politics, and a clear and ready public speaker, he
never sought office for himself, but preferred the more in-
dependent life of a planter. A contemporary who knew
him intimately says: "In his private life he was a true
gentleman of * ye ancient regime,' and his lavish hospi-
tality made his home a delight of every visitor. As
chivalric as Bayard, he was quick to resent an affront, and
firm in the maintenance of his position, but generous and
without resentment when the difficulty had been adjusted."
April 20, 1847, Mrs. Bowie died, and on December 12,
1854, Mr. Bowie married Mrs. Ellen Magruder (widow of
Dennis Magruder), a daughter of John B. Mullikin and his
I70 THE MARYLAND BOWIES.
wife, Mary M. Weems. There was no issue by this
union, but Mrs. Bowie was the mother of an only child
by her first husband, Dennis Magruder. This child, Cor-
nelia Magruder, in after years became the wife of George
French Bowie, Robert Bowie's second son by his first
wife. Mr. Bowie reached an advanced age, and died
April 3, 1 88 1, and is buried at Cedar Hill. His widow
survived him until April, 1891, when she died in Wash-
ington while on a visit to her granddaughter. She is in-
terred at Cedar Hill.
The issue of Robert Bowie was :
I Mary" Mackai.!, Bowie, b. February 19, 1828 ; m. in 1855
Franklin Weems, of Anne Arundel County. She died
1 Robert' Bowie Weems.
2 Frankun' Weems, Jr.
3 John' French Weems.
4 Mary' M. Weems.
5 Stephen' Weems.
6 Ei-izabeth' Weems.
7 E1.1.EN' Weems.
II Cora** Bowie, b. April 21, 1830; m. November, 1856, Ed-
ward Clare Fitzhugh. She died without issue.
III Robert® Wilwam Weems Bowie, b. March 27, 1833 ; d.
1871 ; single.
66 IV George" French Bowie, b. November 30, 1835; m. Cor-
V Thomas" Contee Bowie, b. November 19, 1837 ; m. Mag-
gie Hunt, of St. Louis, Missouri. Removed to the latter
city, where he died from the effects of a fall. His widow
married Mr. Rowe, and removed to Green Cove Springs,
The issue of T. C. Bowie was :
I Thomas' Contee Bowie, Jr., d. at the age of twenty-
one ; single.
VI Maria" Lewis Bowie, b. May 10, 1839 ; m. James Owens,
son of James Owens, Sr., of Anne Arundel County,
Maryland, and his wife, Mary Johnson. The latter
couple had two other sons, William F. and Edward R.
Owens, and two daughters, Jennie and Elizabeth C.
(Mrs. A. R. Parkhurst). Maria L,. (Bowie) Owens died
THE MARYLAND BOWIES. 171
1 James' Owens, Jr.
2 Robert' Bowie Owens. Graduated with high honors
at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, and though
not twenty-one years of age was, upon the recom-
mendation of the faculty, called to the Chair of
Electricity in the State University, at Lincoln,
Nebraska. The management sent Professor Owens
to Scotland in the interests of science, and on his
return he was placed in charge of the Electrical
Exhibit at the World's Fair in Chicago, 1893. In
1898 Professor Owens was tendered the Chair of
"Applied Science," by the faculty of the McGill
University, Montreal, Canada, an honor seldom con-
ferred on one so young. He accepted the call, and
is now in Montreal. Is unmarried.
3 Dr. French' Owens. Resides in Marlborough,
Maryland. In April, 1898, married Florence,
daughter of Mordacai Plummer and the latter's first
wife, Addie, a daughter of Governor Pratt.
4 Maria' Louise Owens.
VII Margaret** Hai^i. Bowie, b. April 30, 1841 ; m. in 1869,
William W. Hemsley, of Queen Anne County, Maryland.
They reside in Baltimore, Maryland.
1 Pauwne' Forbes Hemsi.ev, m. C. W. Price, of Balti-
1 HEI.EN* Maria Price.
2 Maude® Annita Price.
3 Edith« ESTE1.1.E Price.
2 Guy' Hemsley.
3 EiI^EEN' HEMSI.EY.
4 Anna' Lea Hemsley.
VIII Amelia^ Margaret Bowie, b. February 20, 1843 1 «i-
Edwin Gott, of Anne Arundel County, Maryland. She
I Edwin' Gott, Jr.
Gen. Thomas' Fielder Bowie, (Thomas^ Contee
Bowie. Capt. Fielder' Bowie. Allen- Bowie, Sr.
172 THE MARYLAND BOWIES.
JOHN^ Bowie, Sr.) second son of Thomas Contee Bowie
and his wife, Mary Mackall (Wootton, Bowie) Bowie, was
born April 7, 1808, at " Essington," Queen Anne District,
Prince George's County, Maryland.
When a small boy he was sent to Charlotte Hall
Academy, in St. Mary's County, and from there to Union
Oen. Thomas Fielder Bowie.
College, Schenectady, New York, where he graduated
with high honors. While at Union he was a member of
the " Sigma Psi " Society and was president of the
" Delphic Oracle" Debating Society.
Upon leaving college he studied law with his brother-
in-law, Hon. Reverdy Johnson, and was admitted to the
THE MARYLAND BOWIES. 173
bar in Upper Marlborough when he reached his twenty-
About this time the Grecian struggle for independence
was attracting the civilized world, and the boy, burning
with youthful ardor and love of liberty, desired to fight
for Greece. He consulted Henry Clay, whose letters
(now in possession of the family) show that the great
American advised against so rash a step, and young Bowie
deferred to the superior judgment of the celebrated states-
A close and omnivorous reader, energetic and industri-
ous, Thomas F. Bowie soon gained a conspicuous position
at the Marlborough bar, where such intellectual giants
as Thomas S. Alexander, Thomas G. Pratt (later governor),
John B. Brooke, Sr., Robert G. Brent, and John M. S.
Causin were building a State and national reputation.
Excelled by few in legal knowledge, endowed with
wonderful eloquence, his close reasoning and forcible
presentation of his cases gained him a large and lucrative
practice, and he was engaged as counsel in all the " causes
celebres " of lower Maryland. Among the latter may be
mentioned the "Crawford" and " Notely Young" will
cases and many other noted suits in which he achieved
much distinction. A man of commanding presence —
standing over six feet and weighing more than two hun-
dred pounds — possessing a deep, powerful voice, he awoke
the enthusiasm of the crowds who were wont to hear him
lyike many others of his family, he early entered the
field of politics and was elected Deputy Attorney-General for
Prince George's County several different times, in all hold-
ing the office sixteen years. Was three times elected to the
State Legislature, defeating his cousin. Col. William D.
Bowie, the Democratic leader. In 1842 he was commis-
sioned by the governor major of militia, and in 1843,
though but thirty-six years of age, was urged by his ad-
mirers to become a candidate for the governorship. His
1 74 THE MA R YLAND B O WIES.
name was placed before the people, but his half-brother,
Col. William T. Wootton, and his uncle, Hon. Robert W.
Bowie, of Mattaponi, were each ambitious at the same
time to be the next governor. All three men wielded
great influence in their party — each was of conceded ability
— but their struggle for pre-eminence resulted in mutual
defeat. When the nominating convention was held it be-
came at once apparent that these three candidates over-
shadowed all other aspirants, and that the delegates were
almost equally divided in their preference for these men
of one family. As neither could muster sufficient votes
to secure the prize, a " deadlock " resulted in the conven-
tion, which remained unbroken for three days. A caucus
was then held ; a committee selected to wait upon the
three candidates and to say that the members of the con-
vention had decided to nominate any one of the three
relatives which two of them might select. Unless the
candidates could agree among themselves that two of their
number should withdraw in favor of the third, the con-
vention would be forced to select another candidate to
prevent the party from being wrecked by divisions. The
committee added : " As you are all of the same family we
hope that you will arrange the matter between yourselves
ere morning, for we are anxious to make' one of you our
standard-bearer. Unless you do this, however, we shall
be compelled to make an outside selection for party har-
mony." Unfortunately, the relatives could not agree as
to ivho should withdraw, and Mr. Robert W. Bowie threw
his support to Thomas G. Pratt, who was nominated and
elected a few months later.
The coolness between the uncle and nephews resulting
from this affair existed a long time, and their mutual oppo-
sition in politics prevented each from achieving that suc-
cess which they might otherwise have accomplished by
united efforts. In 1844 Governor Pratt appointed Thomas
F. Bowie colonel of militia, a year later brigadier-general,
and upon the death of General Matthews he was commis-
THE MARYLAND BOWIES. 175
sioned major-general of the Maryland forces. In 185 1
his name was presented as a candidate for Congress against
his cousin, Judge Richard J. Bowie, the then incumbent
from the Fifth District. Another inharmonious conven-
tion was held, and resulted in "a split." Judge Bowie
was nominated by " the regulars," and General Bowie by
the " Independent " Whigs. At the previous election
Judge Bowie had been elected practically without opposi-
tion, but in this year narrowly escaped defeat, General
Bowie losing by a very narrow margin. In 1851 the lat-
ter was chosen as a delegate to the State Constitutional
Convention, was a member of the Judicial Connnittee
selected by the convention, and assisted in framing the
Constitution adopted by the State the same year. In 1852
he was elected as " Presidential Elector" and cast his vote
for Scott and Graham. In 1855 he was nominated by
the Whig party and elected a member of the Thirty-Fourth
Congress, United States. In 1857 was renominated and
elected by the largest majority ever received by any repre-
sentative of the Fifth District ; his candidacy having been
endorsed by the democrats, as well as a majority of the
disrupted Whig party. In 1859 General Bowie was de-
feated in convention for a third nomination. The meet-
ing was a stormy one. A number of ambitious candidates
finally united their forces, a "deadlock" followed, which
was only broken by the withdrawal from General Bowie
of the vote and influence of his young cousin, Walter
Bowie, one of the delegates from Prince George's County.
This relative was later a distinguished Confederate officer
under General Mosby, and headed several raids into Mary-
land, in one of which he finally fell October, 1864.
While in Congress, General Bowie is said to have greatly
added to his reputation by a number of able speeches on
the admission of Oregon, and also one commenting upon
President Pierce's Message. These deliverances have
been ranked with the best orations heard in that Congress.
President Filmore was much impressed with his legal
1/6 THE MARYLAND BOWIES.
ability and tendered him a place in his Cabinet, but
owing to some differences of opinion as to policy the
offer was withdrawn.
General Bowie was devoted to agriculture and became
a large land and slave-owner, possessing more than two
thousand acres. One plantation of thirteen hundred
acres he named " Cheltenham," because of its healthful-
ness and pure water. This farm is now owned by the
State, and on it is located the large colored reformatory
near Cheltenham Station, which took its name from this
land. For many years, as corresponding secretary of the
State Agricultural Society, he took a prominent part at
all of its meetings, and his able speeches annually de-
livered before the Board attracted wide attention. He
was a delegate to the Tobacco Growers' Convention, held
in Washington, to protest against the enormous duties
levied by Europeon countries upon our export of the leaf.
His speech before that convention, wherein he gave statis-
tics showing that France and England supported their en-
tire navies with the millions thus raised upon our labor,
startled the country, and resulted in Congressional action
which finally effected an amelioration of the excessive
His love of agriculture extended to the raising of blood-
ed stock, and he was corresponding secretary of the Mary-
land Jockey Club. He imported the noted stallion
"John Bull," and owned such well-known racers as
" Harvey Burch," " Flora Hastings," and " Lady Cleve-
land." He was one of the early advocates for building
the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad. With his brother,
Robert Bowie, his cousins, William D. Bowie, Oden
Bowie, and Walter W. W. Bowie, he earnestly and per-
sistingly worked for the accomplishment of that design.
Finally, when the road was incorporated in 1853, General
Bowie and Col. Walter W. W. Bowie were two of its
charter members, Oden Bowie its president, and Col.
William D. Bowie a director. General Bowie resided in
THE MAR YLAND B O IVIES. 1 7 7
a large house which he built in Upper Marlborough, its
lofty and beautiful rooms enabling him to dispense that
hospitality he so well loved. This building, situated in
the heart of the village, is now the " Town Hall," and on
the grounds in its rear, where was once the garden, now
stands the new courthouse.
November 11, 1830, Thomas F. Bowie was married to
Catherine Harrison Waring, daughter of Henry Waring, of
" Mount Pleasant," and his wife, Sarah (Harrison) Waring.
The latter was a daughter of John Harrison, of George-
town, D. C, and his wife, Catherine Contee, daughter of
Alexander Contee, the emigrant. (See Contee.) Mrs.
Harrison reached the age of ninety-eight years, and, to
the last, was an ardent Tory. Her daughter, Mrs. War-
ing, lived to be ninety-six, and was a devoted member of
the Episcopal Church. Mr. Waring was a direct de-
scendant of Capt. Sampson Waring, the English emigrant
to Maryland in 1645. (See Waring.) Mrs. Bowie was a
woman of uncommon beauty, and devoted wife and
mother. Her death, June 2, 1849, when in her forty-
second year, was caused by contracting erysipelas while
nursing her husband through an attack of that disease.
Six years later, July 24, 1855, General Bowie married
Virginia Griffith, daughter of Luke Griffith, of Hartford
County, Mar} land, and the heiress of her uncle, Edward
Griffith, of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Her mother was a
Quakeress, and a member of the Haywood family, of
The brilliant career of General Bowie terminated
October 31, 1869, in the town of Upper Marlborough
where his manhood was spent, and where his talents
were so well known. He was buried near his first wife
at "Mount Pleasant," where marble monuments were
erected to both. His widow removed to Baltimore with
her little son, and died there February 5, 1895. Her
remains were placed in the Griffith vault in Greenwood
178 THE MARYLAND BOWIES.
Cemetery. She is remembered as a handsome woman of
generous disposition and warm heart.
The issue of Gen. T. F. Bowie and his first wife :
I Henry** Waring Bowie, b. September 2, 1832; d. in
II Henry^ Bowie, b. June 5, 1834 (twin) ; d. in infancy.
III Thomas'^ Bowie, b. June 5, 1834 (twin) ; d. in infancy.
67 IV Thomas" Fielder Bowie, Jr., b. May 14, 1836; m. Eliza-
beth M. Worthington.
V Sarah^ Louise Bowie, b. April 17,1838; m. October 11,
i860, to William Worthington, son of Walter B. C.
Worthington. (See Worthington Note.) She is said to
have been one of the most beautiful women in the State.
She was left a widow in 1870.
1 Catherine' Harrison Worthington, b. 1862 ; m.
in Washington to Ralph Plater Stull. No issue.
2 Henrietta' Priscilla Worthington, b. 1865; m.
1887 to E. N. Lancaster, of Rhode Island. Issue,
six children. (See Worthington.)
3 Wai^ter' B. C. Worthington, b. March 14, 1867 ;
VI Henry" ConTEE Bowie, b. May 18, 1840. Educated for the
bar, but entered the Confederate Army in 1861, and
served in Dement's Battery, Maryland Line. He won
a reputation for such coolness and bravery in the face of
danger that his comrades still speak of him as one of
the most superb soldiers of that gallant army. Many
anecdotes are related of his courage. On one occasion,
during a desperate artillery engagement, a shell with a
burning fuse fell in the battery. The gunners threw
themselves upon the ground to escape, if possible, the
deadly explosion, while " Hal "Bowie, stepping quickly
to the smoking missile, picked it up, and, walking to
the edge of the embankment, cast it far from him. The
explosion resulted harmlessly. He contracted a fever
in the trenches, which ended his life in a Richmond
hospital October 24, 1864, and he lies with hundreds of
other " Boys in Gray" in a Richmond cemetery.
VII Mary® Mackali, Bowie, b. August 22, 1841 ; m. October
26, 1869, Thomas Clagett, son of Thomas Clagett, Sr., of
1 Thomas' CiyAGETT, b. 1870 ; d. in infancy.
2 Chari,es' Thomas Ci^agett, b. July, 1873.
3 Henry' Contee Bowie Ci^agett, b. July 20, 1876.
THE MARYLAND BOWIES. 179
4 Reverdy' Johnson Clagett, b. January 25, 1877 ; m.
January 25, 1899, Kate E. Mcintosh.
5 Thomas' Fielder Bowie Ci,agett, b. September 4,
6 Myer' Lewin Clagett, b. August, 1880 ; d. an infant.
VIII Ei,i,EN® Waring Bowie, b. July 12, 1843 I single.
IX Edith* Pi^anTagenet Bowie, b. July 12, 1845 ; m. June 7,
1866, Joseph Kent Roberts, Jr., a lawyer, member of
the State Legislature, Collector of Internal Revenue at
Baltimore, and Chairman of the Democratic Committee.
He died October i, 1888.
1 SALUE'WARINGROBERTS,b. August3i, 1867 ; m. 1888,
William Stanley, a lawyer, and son of Rev. Harvey
Stanley. He died March 3, 1890.
I Edith* Stanley, b. 1889.
2 Joseph' Kent Roberts, b. December, 1872. Member
of the Marlboro' bar. Married November 11, 1896,
Alice, daughter of Judge George B. Merrick and his
wife, Alice Waring. Judge Merrick is a son of the
late Richard Merrick, United States Senator, and
his wife, the sister of Governor Thomas, of St. Mary's
I Alice* Waring Roberts, b. 1898.
3 Bowie' Roberts, b. July, 1876. Patent attorney,
Washington, D. C.
The issue of Gen. Thomas F. Bowie and his second wife, Virginia
Griffith, was :
I Edward^ Griffith Bowie, d. in infancy.
II Alexander® Bowie, d. in infancy,
III Robert* Bruce Bowie, b. July 9, 1865. Graduated at
Princeton, New Jersey. Was admitted to the bar at
Towson, Maryland. Graduated in civil engineering,
which he has adopted as his profession, and resides in
Baltimore. Became a member of the 5th Regiment,
Maryland National Guard, and was elected a lieutenant
in 1896. In May, 1898, he was commissioned captain of
Company A,, and went south with the regiment in June
for active service in the war with Spain, but his division
was held in Tampa, where he was when hostilities
i8o THE MARYLAND BOWIES.
Dr. Allen' Thomas Bowie, (Thomas^ Contee
Bowie. Capt. Fielder'^ Bowie. Allen- Bowie, Sr.
JOHN^ Bowie, Sr., emigrant) the posthumous child of
Thomas Contee Bowie and his wife, Mary Mackall Bowie,
Dr. Alien Thoiua!^ Bowie.
daughter of Gov. Robert Bowie, was born August 24,
1813, at Essington, near Upper Marlboro', Prince George's
At the personal request of Bishop Chase, of Ohio, he
was sent to Kenyon College, Gambler County, Ohio. He
left Kenyon ere graduation, and then studied medicine at
THE MARYLAND BOWIES.
Baltimore (Maryland) Medical College, where he received
his diploma in 1836, and in the same year went to
Natchez, Mississippi. He practiced his profession a short
time at Port Gibson, Mississippi.
April 14, 1838, he married Matilda Jane Routh at
" Oakland," the home of lier father, John Routh, the Rev.
Mrs. Allen Thoiiia^^ Bowie, Sr.
Dr. Winchester officiating. " Oakland " was within the
present limits of the city of Natchez. After his marriage
Dr. Bowie moved to lyouisiana, abandoned the practice of
medicine and engaged largely in cotton-planting.
He acquired a magnificent estate known as the " Frank-
lin " and "Glen Allen" plantations, lying along two sides
i82 THE MARYLAND BOWIES.
of the lovely shores of Lake St. Joseph, in Tensas Parish,
Louisiana. On the " Franklin " plantation, opposite
" Glen Allen," he built his home, which was one of the most