I. Sarah*, born December 21, 1728; married Gates,
and had a daughter, Sarah 5 , born , and became
heir to her grandfather's estate.
CAPTAIN HEZEKIAH S (Nathaniel-, Shadrach 1 }, was born
in 1699; married, 1723, Sarah Whitney, born at Stow, 1703.
He settled upon the west half of his father's extensive farm
in the southwest part of Stow, and became a prominent
citizen. He was a captain in the French and Indian wars,
and in 1735 drew lot number one in the distribution of lands
in Narragansett Township, number six, now Templeton.
In 1726, 5 acres were laid out to him in the right of Thomas
Ward, and in 1728, 3 acres in the right of Richard Whitney,
and April 3, 1732, 13 acres adjoining his own land.
In 1726-27 he was chosen tythingman, and selectman
1741, 1742 and 1753. December 20, 1764, "Hezekiah Hap-
good, gentleman, being much advanced in years, sick and
weak," made his will, giving to his wife Sarah all his per-
sonal property; to Ephraim of Acton, his oldest son, I2S.,
and to his other son Jonathan, his homestead buildings, and
all his lands in Stow, requiring him to provide room for his
mother Sarah, and suitable provisions and attention in health
and sickness, furnish her a horse to ride whenever she
pleases, and pay all debts and funeral charges ; .and made
Jonathan sole executor. He died May 13, 1768; will proved
July 19, 1768.
34 HAPGOOD FAMILY.
His wife was a daughter of Richard Whitney, Jr., of Stow,
and great granddaughter of John and Elinor Whitney.
7 I. Ephraim 4 , born April 21, 1725 ; married Rebecca Gibson.
II. Jonathan* (Col. and Esq.), born 1733, was a gentleman of
great respectability and commanding influence in
Stow. He resided about two miles southwest of the
centre of the town, on the west part of what had been
the Willard Farm. He held the commission of Lieu-
tenant, Captain and Colonel in the Militia, and was
appointed by the Governor of Massachusetts a magis-
trate. He served fourteen years as selectman, between
1768 and 1791, and as town clerk eleven years. In
1774 he was chosen a delegate to the County Conven-
tion at Concord, and afterwards, in the same year, a
delegate to the Provincial Congress, and in 1776, a
member of the convention for framing a Constitution
for the State. He was the proprietor of one or more
slaves who took their master's name, and carried it
with them into freedom, and may have transmitted it.
The tombstone at Stow records his death, March 20,
1801, but no settlement of his estate is recorded. The
late John Miles occupied his place. He married Ruth
Wolcott, to whom he was published January 10, 1775.
She was born 1736; died January 17, 1784. He mar-
ried second, October 5, 1785, Mrs. Sarah Whitney of
Stow. He is not recorded as having had any children.
He appears (Massachusetts Archives} among a list of
field officers of the Massachusetts Militia as First
Major of the First Middlesex County regiment, com-
missioned August 30, 1775, and he appears as First
Major in the Fourth Middlesex County regiment,
commissioned May 10, 1776; chosen by Legislature,
February 15, 1776, First Major, Colonel Henry Gard-
ner's regiment, and Lieutenant-Colonel, Fourth Mid-
dlesex regiment, February 25, 1779, concurred in
council, February 26, 1779.
LIEUTENANT SHABRACK" (Nathaniel? Skadrach 1 ), born
November 6, 1704; received from his father, lands drawn
THIRD GENERATION. 35
partly in the right of his grandfather Shadrach, situated in
the northwest part of Stow, known as "Stow Leg," and
119 acres, originally in Lancaster, afterwards (1732) Har-
vard, drawn partly in the right of Major Simon Willard. To
these the proprietors of Lancaster, February 19, 1763, added
9 acres 27 rods, drawn in the right of Major Willard, and 4
acres and 20 rods as an allowance for a road or byway
through said Hapgood's land, making this one lot contain
133 acres. April i, 1741, he was the proprietor of a lot of
65 acres on Bare Hill, which had been assigned to William
Kerley, at a third division of Lancaster lands. This being
then surveyed for him, was found to contain 95 acres 25
rods, and the proprietors, instead of dividing it, made it
good to him to that amount, by a grant of 30 acres 25 rods,
"upon other after divisions," and his brother Nathaniel, as
the proprietor of Kerley's right, executed him a deed in
May following. This lot was oblong, bounded easterly by
John Whitney, 74 rods ; northwesterly by a byway,* 267
rods; southwesterly by Captain Houghton, 52 rods, and
southeasterly, 240 rods, mostly by his own land.
These lots, and those previously assigned to his father,
were all in one vicinity, and mostly conterminous. Without
including either of the Gates meadows, they embrace 350
acres upon which Lieutenant Shadrach Hapgood began life ;
about the same quantity, which an equal division of the
original homestead, must have been secured to his brothers,
Hezekiah and Daniel.
He owned land in Lancaster in 1730, and then received
damages in the form of 2^ acres from Lancaster for a road
*The general course of this way, so often referred to, seems to have been south south-
west and north northeast. In 1743, a road 2 rods wide and 110 rods long was laid out by
Harvard through his land.
36 HAPGOOD FAMILY.
laid out through his farm. These 2j acres he sold for i/s.
to Abraham Rugg, June 24, 1740.
He sold, April 19, 1754, for 14. I2s., 5 acres of meadow
in Harvard to Samuel Fellows; and May 29, 1762, for 405.,
I acre 40 rods in Harvard to Benjamin Lawrence ; and April
30, 1759, for 7$. ios., 43 acres in Harvard to Eliphalet
Wood; and December 7, 1769, for 26, to John Daby, a
tract in Harvard, with buildings. January 5, 1764, he
bought of Joseph Kneeland, of Harvard, for ^86, a certain
messuage (probably the same sold to Daby in 1769), and a
tract of 20 acres, bounded by a line beginning on the south
side of a road by John Atherton's, then running northerly
across said road by Richard Harris' land to Elias Haskell's,
and next to Thomas Willard's land, then southwesterly by a
private way near Joseph Willard's land, until it crosses the
road above named, which it follows to said Harris' land,
then easterly by his land and southerly by it, and then
northerly by John Atherton's land to the place of beginning ;
and also 7 acres of meadow, south of said Harris' meadow,
and east of a brook immediately below where it flows out of
At the incorporation of Harvard, June 29, 1732, out of
portions of Lancaster, Groton and Stow, he was thrown into
Harvard. In 1761 he was appointed guardian of Anna
Stone, aged seven years, and of Sarah Stone, aged above
fourteen years, daughters of Oliver Stone, late of Harvard.
He was constable, 1738, 1739, 1741, and in 1764, collector
of church money in the Old Mill quarter. In 1742 he
received a lieutenant's commission from the royal governor,
William Shirley (now in possession of the compiler), a copy
of which is here reproduced. He served six years as
THIRD GENERATION. 37
selectman, and had the first seat in the first of eight classes of
seats in the new meeting-house in Harvard, assigned 1774,
by a committee of the town.
He appears on the rolls as private in Captain Thomas
Gates' company, and marched on alarm of April 19, 1775 ;
belonged to Lancaster Troop, term of service, nine days.
He seems to have been a quiet, industrious and thrifty
farmer and highly respected citizen.
He made his will April 17, 1780, giving his wife Elizabeth
all his household furniture and indoor movables, one cow
and two sheep, for her use and disposal, requiring his
executor to furnish her a horse to ride at any time, while
she remained his widow. He also gave her the improvement
of one half of his estate for her dower, the use of one half of
the upright part of the house, i. <?., the west lower room
and chamber over it, one half of the chimney, including
the back-room fireplace, half of the cellar, one third of
the barn, and equal privilege at the well and in the gar-
den ; and these so long as she remained his widow. His
three eldest daughters, and doubtless the rest, with their
husbands, April 28, 1770, acknowledged the receipt of ;ioo
each, from their father as their full portion of his estate, and
signed a quit claim to the remainder. He therefore be-
queathed only ,1, to his daughter, Mary Clark, which, with
what she had already received, was to be her full portion.
To Elizabeth Willard i, which was to be her full portion.
To Lois Whitney i, and a pillion, which was to be her full
portion. To Lydia Munroe ,15. 6s. (silver money) and a
pillion. To his only son, Shadrach, Jr., he bequeathed his
apparel, tools, live-stock, and all his real estate, binding him
to support his parents and pay their funeral expenses, and
made him executor.
38 HAPGOOD FAMILY.
The following excerpt from Harvard History gives so clear
and concise a record of this branch of the family, we tran-
scribe it in full.
" In Stow Leg, A. D. 1732, the largest land-owner was Shad-
rach Hapgood. He was a grandson of that Shadrach Hap-
good, who, on May 30, 1656, at the age of fourteen years,
embarked for New England from Gravesend in the ship
Speedwell. The first Shadrach lived with his uncle, Peter
Noyes of Sudbury, during his minority ; married Elizabeth
Treadway, October 21, 1664, and was slain by the Indians in
the Surprise of Captains Hutchinson and Wheeler at Brook-
field, August 2, 1675. The eldest of the five children, fruit
of the marriage, was Nathaniel, born in 1665. He married
Elizabeth Ward of Marlboro', August 14, 1695. Became a
deacon and a wealthy land-holder in Stow, and was long
prominent in town councils. Nathaniel was the father of
the Harvard Shadrach, and transferred to him, in 1725, all
his lands upon Pin Hill Brook and Bare Hill, amounting
to 350 acres. Shadrach was born in Stow, November 6,
1704, and married Elizabeth Wetherbee. He was commis-
sioned Lieutenant by Governor William Shirley, in 1742,
but what military service he rendered is not known. He
had but one son, Shadrach, and five daughters, all of whom
had families. The Hapgood house is an excellent example
of the homes of the thriftier farmers of New England at the
period when Harvard was incorporated. In it Shadrach
and, Elizabeth (Wetherbee) Hapgood passed their married
life of more than half a century, and their son Shadrach
succeeded to its possession, living here with his wife, Eliza-
beth Keep, nearly fifty years. He was succeeded by his
youngest son, Joel, whose wife was Sally, daughter of Jona-
than Fairbank. The large addition to the old mansion at its
western end was built by Joel in 1812, and the capacious
farm barn by his son, Jonathan Fairbank Hapgood, in 1854.
The last owner of the estate bearing the family name was
; virtue of the Power and At!
granted, to be Captain- Genei
, afoseiaid ; I do (foythe!
Loyalty, Courage and ood!
the Cbuat}^ o
You iiio therefore carefully and diligentj
in leading, ordeiing and exercifing'iaid
Soldiers, ;and to keep them in goodOrde^
chejr ^>^>////A" and you* lei f
iha.il froi^, time to time receive from Me, 01
our fupetiour OrBcevsfor His
rcpoicd ALTS -you.
STY'S Province of the Maf/acbui
' - *' ,'
>rity, in and by His Majefty's Royal Ccmiruiiion to Me
&c over this His M.ai.efty's Province of the Maffcc^
'rejents ) repoiing cipecial Truft and Confidence in xo*;*
duii, cooftittice and app.o/nt You the faid J$&r<
under the Command pi
~ in the - Regiment of iVlii it ia, witfc
f 5 Colonel, .c .^
a diicharge the Duty
v^f? - - - - - * n '^ rm ^ b ot ^ inferiour Officers a.
i Diiciplioe c hereby comn^inding them to or
obferveaad follow inch Orders and Initrutlio:
c Commander in Chief forxbe Time be;
.tccording to military Rules and Diicip'
: r of t
THIRD GENERATION. 39
Warren, youngest son of Joel, now living, a retired merchant
" The old house was probably new, and perhaps reputed
the finest in Harvard, when the town, in July, 1734, com-
plimented it and the builder, by instructing a committee to
engage board for the ministers, who should come to supply
the pulpit, at Shadrach Hapgood's, although over a mile
from the meeting-house. The original lattices, with their
bottle-green diamond lights, were preserved in the gable
windows for several years after the opening of the present
He married, about 1732, Elizabeth Wetherbee, born 1714,
and died November 30, 1803, in the ninetieth year of her
age. He died October 8, 1782. Will proved December, 1782.
[Worcester Probate I. 18, page 316.]
CHILDREN, all born in Harvard.
I. Mercy 4 , born January 26, 1733; married, October 12, 1757,
Jonathan Clark of Harvard, born May 26, 1733.
1. Jonathan 5 Clark, born January 28, 1759.
2. Hannah 5 , born September 19, 1762.
II. Elizabeth 4 , born September 26, 1734; married, February 14,
1753. Joseph Willard, Jr., of Harvard.
1. Shadrach 5 Willard, born December 13, 1753.
2. Mercy 5 , born February 16, 1755.
3. Elizabeth 5 , born June 18, 1758; died April 9, 1759.
4. Joseph 5 , born September 4, 1760.
5. Elizabeth 5 , born November 20, 1764.
6. Oliver 5 , born May i, 1769.
7. Levi 5 , born August 15, 1775.
III. Phinehas 4 , born August 11, 1737; died, a few days old.
IV. Asa 4 , born June 13, 1740; died August 16, 1743.
V. Israel 4 , born March i, 1743; died March 2, 1743.
40 HAPGOOD FAMILY.
VI. Sarah 4 , born June 16, 1744; married, January 17, 1765, John
Daby, Jr., of Harvard.
1. Simon 5 Daby, born May 20, 1765.
2. Asa s , born February 6, 1767.
3. Mercy 5 , born May u, 1769.
4. Sarah 5 , born February 7, 1772.
5. Betsey 5 , born May 7, 1774.
6. John 5 , born January 9, 1779.
8 VII. Shadrach 4 , born October 4, 1747 ; married Elizabeth Keep,
July 23, 1770, and died June 20, 1818.
VIII. Oliver 4 , born October 7, 1751, and died same day.
IX. Lois 4 , born April 13, 1754; married, May 25, 1772, Jacob
Whitney, born March 24, 1748. He enlisted in Cap-
tain Jonathan Davis' company, Colonel Asa Whit-
comb's regiment, in Revolutionary Army, October 6,
1775. His will was dated November 8, 1815, pro-
bated October 18, 1825. He resided in Harvard, and
later removed to Winchendon, where he died July n,
1. Hannah 5 Whitney, born December 14, 1772.
2. Mercy 5 , born December 10, 1774.
3. Jacob 5 , born October 16, 1776.
4. Lois 5 , born August I, 1779.
5. Eli 5 , born May 17, 1783.
6. Nancy 5 , born August 8, 1785.
7. Emory 5 , born October i, 1791.
X. Lydia 4 , born July 4, 1757; married, April 4, 1775, Abraham
Munroe of Harvard, a soldier in the Continental Army,
who died March 11, 1778.
1. Lydia 5 Munroe, born December 22, 1776. Married,
April 5, 1797, Ivory Longley of Shirley, Massa-
chusetts, son of Israel and Lucy (Conant)
Longley of Harvard, where he was born, 1775;
a blacksmith by trade. In attempting to cross
the Catacunemaug, upon a dam, he slipped
from his icy footing and perished in the stream
below, January 14, 1808. His widow died April
4, 1859. They had four children.
THIRD GENERATION. 41
Lydia* married second, February 25, 1784, David Dickin-
son, born October 7, 1741. He was a soldier in the
Revolutionary Army, and served at the Siege of Ticon-
deroga and Crown Point. Removed to Keene, New
Hampshire about 1811, where she died.
2. William 5 Dickinson, born .
3. Abraham 5 , born .
DEACON DANIEL 3 (Nathaniel*, Shadrach l },\)orn. about 1706,
inherited the homestead of his father, Deacon Nathaniel, and
grandfather Shadrach, two and one-half miles south southeast
of Stow townhouse, and the east half of the original planta-
tion of 700 acres. Succeeded his father in the deaconship,
and about 1760, built the great house yet standing and occu-
pied by his grandson, Nathaniel 5 Hapgood. June 20, 1750,
he sold to Zaccheus Gates of Stow, 120 acres in Holden,
inherited from his father. August 13, 1785, " being very aged,
infirm and weak," he made his will, having previously settled
his real estate in Stow upon his sons, giving to his wife
Mary, two cows ; and to sons Daniel and Samuel, and daugh-
ter Hepsebeth Wheeler, all his indoor movables in equal
shares ; to his adopted grandson, Jacob Gibson of Stow, his
live-stock and a tract of 300 or 400 acres in Waterford, Maine.
In 1735-6 he was chosen reeve, and in 1743, selectman.
He married first, Hepsebeth, born July 14, 1715 ; died Octo-
ber 23, 1738; and second, July 6, 1745, Mary Gibson, who
died, his widow, January 15, 1793. He died April 30, 1791.
CHILDREN, all by second wife, born at Stow.
9 I. Daniel 4 , born November 16, 1747; married Esther Gardner
42 HAPGOOD FAMILY.
II. Hepsebeth 4 , born June 24, 1749 ; married Ephraim Wheeler
10 III. Samuel*, born October 17, 1751 ; died April, 1821 ; married
ENSIGN EPHRAIM* (Hezekia& % Nathaniel, Shadrack 1 ), born
April 21, 1725, is presumed to have first settled on a part of
his father's spacious farm in Stow, where his intention of
marriage with Rebecca Gibson was published January 17,
1746-7. After 1753, he removed to Acton and settled
where his grandson, Benjamin F. Hapgood, now resides. In
the summers of 1779 anc ^ 1780 he went with his sons, Eph-
raim and Nathaniel, to open up farms in Norridgewock,
Maine, for some of his family. Jt is not, however, probable
that any permanent settlement was effected there, as the
records of the town are silent upon the subject. At the
close of the second season, he, with Nathaniel, in returning
by water, perished from shipwreck, while Ephraim returned
safe by land. He died intestate, October 31, 1780, leaving
an estate inventoried at ^1,597. His widow died Septem-
ber 15, 1803, aged seventy-six. Abraham was appointed
I. Nathaniel 5 , born at Stow, February 26, 1748; died October
8, 1756, at Acton.
II. Oliver 5 , born at Stow, November 7, 1749; died October 7,
1756, at Acton.
11 III. Abraham 5 , born at Stow, October 9, 1752; appointed De-
cember 13, 1780, administrator on his father's estate;
married Lucy Davis.
FOURTH GENERATION. 43
12 IV. Ephraim 5 , born at Acton, May 3, 1755; married Molly
13 V. Hezekiah 5 , born December 23, 1757; married Dorcas
VI. Nathaniel 5 , born April 2, 1760; enlisted as private in
John Buttrick's company, Colonel Read's regiment,
September 28, 1777, discharged November 7, 1777;
term of service, one month, eleven days. Discharged
from Colonel Brooks' regiment to reinforce General
Gates at the northward. He was also a private in
Captain Francis Brown's company, Colonel Mclntosh's
regiment, for service in Rhode Island, enlisted August
4, 1778, discharged September i, 1778. Served eleven
days in Lovell's brigade. He then enlisted in Captain
Joshua Walker's company, Colonel Samuel Denny's
regiment, October 13, 1779, discharged November 23,
1779; served one month, eleven days (Massachusetts
Archives']. He was drowned, with his father, October
31, 1780, by shipwreck, returning from Maine.
14 VII. Oliver 5 , born August 12, 1762; married Lucy Tuttle.
VIII. Sarah 5 , born April 7, 1765; married, August 24, 1779,
Timothy Wood of Harvard. He died July 18, 1800,
and she married, second, May 2, 1809, Jonas, son of
Joseph and Rebeckah Wright, born in Concord, June
18, 1762, husband of her deceased sister Mary, who
died January 3, 1799.
15 IX. Jonathan 5 , born July 30, 1767; married Abigail Austin.
X. Mary 5 , born October 17, 1769; had her uncle Jonathan for
guardian, December 13, 1780 ; married, March 30, 1794,
Jonas Wright of Concord, and died January 3, 1799,
leaving three children.
1. Anthony 6 Wright, born January 14, 1795; married
Mary E. Smith, February 14, 1819.
2. Henry 6 , born October 22, 1796; married Sarah
Flint of Lincoln, April 22, 1819.
3. Hapgood 6 , born December 22, 1798.
Jonas married second, the widow Sarah (Hapgood) Wood,
sister to his first wife. He died June 15, 1818, and she,
February 12, 1813.
44 HAPGOOD FAMILY.
XI. Joseph 5 , born April 2, 1772; had his uncle Jonathan for
guardian; married, February u, 1798, Sarah Hunt.
I. Henry 6 , born ; died in parts unknown.
II. A son 6 , born December, 1801 ; died September 3,
1802, at Acton.
SnADRACH 4 (ShadracW, Nathaniel" 1 , Skadrach 1 }, born Octo-
ber/)., 1747; married, July 23, 1770, Elizabeth Keep, daughter
of Jabez, who died in Harvard, 1797. She was born April 20,
1750, and died August 30, 1826; he died January 20, 1818.
Jabez Keep was the son of Ensign Samuel Keep, of Spring-
field, Massachusetts, who was the presumed progenitor of all
the Keeps in this country. A brother of Elizabeth, Jonathan,
married Hannah Hildreth. Experience Lawrence Keep, who
married Wright, was also sister to Elizabeth, and Mary,
another sister, married Leonard Proctor. Mary Washington
Wright, daughter of Experience (Keep) Wright, was born
June 30, 1827, at Westford ; married George Lowe; removed
to Indianapolis, Indiana, where she has resided forty-eight
years. Mrs. Lowe is deeply interested in the Lawrence
Townley estate in England. Mrs. Lowe's grandmother,
Rhoda Hildreth, was a daughter of Experience Keep.
Experience Lawrence was daughter or granddaughter of John
Lawrence, who married Mary Townley.
He appears with rank of private on muster and pay rolls
of Captain Samuel Hill's company, Colonel Josiah Whit-
ney's regiment, enlisted August 19, 1777, discharged August
25, 1777 ; term of service, six days ; marched on Bennington
Alarm from Harvard. He re-enlisted as private in the same
FOURTH GENERATION. 45
company and regiment, October 2, 1777, discharged October
26, 1777 ; term of service, twenty-four days, under Lieutenant
Colonel Ephraim Sawyer (Massachusetts Archives). He
was a member of Committee of Correspondence and Safety,
1781, and selectman, 1791, 1792.
16 I. John 5 , born June 20, 1771; married, December 6, 1797,
Mary Haskell of Harvard.
II. Betsey 5 , born February 16, 1773; married, May 26, 1795,
Thomas, son of Thomas Hammond, who removed from
Connecticut with his wife and children, and joined
the Shirley Shakers, turning all his property over to
the Community. His children were not compelled to
accept the situation and most of them wisely departed.
The son, Thomas, settled in Harvard and became hop-
merchant, inn-holder and farmer. She died June 22,
1797, and he removed to Shirley, where he died, 1816.
1. David 6 Hammond, born October 17, 1796. He
was barely eight months old when his mother
was taken from him, but his grandparents
kindly took him, brought him up, educated him,
and treated him as their own child. He was
small of stature, but cheerful, well disposed,
and large hearted. His grandfather Hapgood
died, 1818, but David remained with his grand-
mother, in charge of the farm up to April 10,
1825, when he married Elmira Hosmer, born
February 16, 1805, at Acton. He bought a
farm in the northeasterly part of Harvard, ad-
joining the old Hapgood estate, better known
to-day as the Hall place. Here their four chil-
dren were born, and by industry and economy
were fairly prosperous. The farm being larger
than he cared for, he sold out and bought a small
farm on the brook off of the road, near the pres-
ent town "poor farm" in Harvard. He was
a quiet, modest, industrious man, and much
respected in the community. The town built
46 HAPGOOD FAMILY.
him a road and bridge to cross the brook, and
here he passed in peace the remainder of his
days, his eldest daughter remaining with her
, parents, faithfully caring for their wants till
both had passed beyond the line of time. His
wife died August 24, 1883, and he, June I, 1889.
I. Elmira 7 , born February 12, 1826; died June
II. Lucy 7 , born February 18, 1828; married,
November 4, 1846, George Albert Har-
III. Thomas Whittemore 7 , born March 31, 1830;
died in Acton, December 18, 1897; mar-
ried, April 28, 1863, Mary Alice Blood,
born in Boston, October 5, 1837.
IV. Simon Hosmer 7 , born March 31, 1830, twin
with Thomas Whittemore ; married, May
3, 1860, Hannah L. Steele, and died
November 6, 1885.
III. Lucy s , born December 9, 1775 ; married, December 15, 1828,
James Wilson, a wool carder, fuller, and cloth dresser.
She died October 29, 1851 ; resided in Shirley, Massa-
chusetts. No children.