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History of Calhoun county, Michigan : a narrative account of its historical progress, its people, and its principle interests (Volume 1) online

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mustered, department organizations speedily followed, which soon in-
cluded all of the states not having been in rebellion.

The first regularly organized national encampment convened at
Indianapolis. Indiana, November 20, 1866, when the rules and regulations
were adopted, together with the necessary equipment and paraphernalia,
etc., of a national fraternal organization, and General Stephen A. Hurl-
Dut elected fii-st commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic.

The objects of the association ai'e : (1st.) Fraternity: To preserve
and strengthen those kind and fraternal feelings which bind together the
soldiers, sailors and marines, who united to suppress the late rebellion,
and to perpetuate the memory and historj- of the dead.

(2nd.) Charity: To a.ssist such former comrades in arms as need
help and protection, and to extend needed aid to the widows and orphans
of those who have fallen.

(3rd.) Loyalt}': To maintain true allegiance to the United States
of America, based upon a paramount respect for and fidelity to its con-
stitution and laws ; to discountenance whatever tends to weaken loyaltj^
incites to insurrection, treason or rebellion, or in any manner impairs
the efficiency and permanency of our free institutions; and to encourage
the spread of universal liberty, equal rights and justice to all men.

The society is sadly unique in this : it is the only fraternal organiza-
tion the world has known that in its charter provides for its o^vn extinc-
tion. None but honorably discharged soldiers of the Civil war are eligible
to membership in the Grand Army of the Republic, and when the last
member has been nuistered out to liis final reward, the order will cease
to exist.

Under General John A. Logan, the second commander-in-chief of the
Grand Army, was established the beautiful custom of observing Memorial
day, and his general order No. 11, issued I\Iay 5, 1868, was this year 1912,
and will be read each year hereafter wherever public .services are held,
by posts of the Grand Army. This pathetic outpouring of the great
tender heart of gallant General Logan reads as follows :

"Headquarters, Grand Army of the Republic, Washington, D. C,
May 5, 1868.— General Orders, No. 11 : The 30th day of May, 1868, is

* This instructive article by Post Commander Warren, is well worth reading by
all who know something of the objects and aims of the Grand Army of the Re-
public, as well as the history of E. W. HoUingsworth Post. Editor.


designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorat-
ing the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during
the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village
and hamlet churchj-ard in the land. In this observance no form of
ceremony is prescribed, but posts and comrades will in their own way
arrange such fitting services and testimonials of respect as circum-
stances may permit.

' ' We are organized, comrades, as our regulations tell us, for the pur-
pose, among other things, 'of preserving and strengthening those kind
and fraternal feelings which have bound together the soldiers, sailors and
mariners, who united to suppress the late rebellion. ' What can aid more
to assure this result than by cherishing tenderly the memory of our
heroic dead, who made their breasts a barricade Ijetweeu our country
and its foes? Their soldier lives were the reveilles of freedom to a race
in chains, and their deaths, the tattoo of rebellious tyranny in arms. We
should guard their graves with sacred vigilance. All that the consecrated
wealth and taste of the nation can add to their adornment and security
is but fitting tribute to the memory of her slain defenders. Let no wan-
ton foot tread rudely on such hallowed grounds. Let pleasant paths
invite the coming and going of reverent visitors and fond mourners.
Let no vandalism of avarice or neglect, no ravages of time testify to the
present or to the coming generations that we have forgotten as a people
the cost of a free and undivided republic.

"If other eyes grow dull and other hands slack, and other hearts
cold in the solemn trust, ours shall keep it well as long as the light and
warmth of life remain to us.

"Let us, then, at the time appointed, gather around their sacred
remains and garland the passionless mounds above them \\'ith the
choicest flowers of springtime ; let us raise above them the dear old flag
they saved from dishonor; let us in this solemn presence renew our
pledges to aid and assist those whom they have left among us, a sacred
charge upon a nation's gratitude — the soldier's and sailor's widow and

"By command of John A. Log.\n, Commander-in-Chief."

At Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1889, the department of Michigan re-
ceived its first and last honor in the selection of one of her sons, General
Russell A. Alger, for the high position of commander-in-chief. He gave
a splendid administration.

The association received its largest growth in the years 1880, '81, '82
and '83, immediately following the adoption of Article XI, taking politics
wholly out of the order.

Post No. 210

December 26, 1883, the date of its charter, witnessed the organization
of E. W. HoUingsworth Post No. 210, Department of Michigan, G. A. R.,
by the muster in. by W. H. Tallman, assistant adjutant general of the
department, of the following comrades as charter members, viz : William


H. Brockway, K, A. Babcock, Warren E. Brezette, Charles S. Daskaiu,
Robert J. Frost, Emery E. Goodeuough, Decatur H. Goodenough, Hiram
Herrick, Charles E. Haight, Ira A. Hutchinson, Russell R. King, Rienzi
Loud, Thomas O'Hara, Loren Parmelee, Lafayette G. Rafter, Calvin T.
Smith, J. T. Sykes, Judson A. Thomas, Sauford D. Wiley and J. H.
Wood. Of these, ten have been promoted to "fame's eternal camping
grounds." The first meeting was held in Y. M. C. A. hall, post ofidcers
were elected and a committee appointed to formulate and report for
adoption a code of by-laws for the government of the post under the
rules and regulations of the order. Rienzi Loud was elected as the first
commander of the post. Those who have succeeded him to that office are :
Lafayette G. Rafter, elected December 7, 1884; Almon G. Bruce, elected
December 1, 1885; Charles S. Daskam, elected December 7, 1886; Robert
L. Warren, elected December 6, 1887 ; Oscar G. Hubbard, elected Decem-
ber 6, 1888, December 1, 1896, and December 7, 1897; Calvin T. Smith,
elected December 2, 1889, December 6, 1898, and January 1, 1903, Henry
D. Smith, commander-elect, refusing to qualify ; Frank E. Palmer,
elected December 2, 1890; Sanford D. Wiley, elected December 1, 1891,
and December 6, 1904 ; William M. Loder, elected December 1, 1892, and
December 18, 1906, A. F. Fuller, commander-elect refusing to qualify;
Charles L. Toner, elected December 5, 1893 ; Henry F. Gilbert, elected
December 4, 1894; Warren E. Brezette, elected December 3, 1895; Wil-
liam Hastings, elected December 5, 1899 ; Levi S. Warren, elected Decem-
ber 12, 1900, December 21, 1909, December 6, 1910, December 5, 1911,
and December 3. 1912; John 0. Banks, elected December 3, 1901, and
December 5, 1905 ; Phineas Graves, elected December 1, 1903, died June
17, 1904; Jacob Perine, elected August 30, 1904; 0. Spencer Stevens,
elected December 3, 1907 ; and Robert R. Robertson, elected December 1,
1908. Of these twenty post commanders, ten have joined the grand
army of the immortals.

The post was named after Lieut. Col. E. W. HoUingsworth, the first
field officer to die in the city of Albion, the home of the post. The post
had its first regular quarters in the third story of the Mre. Rose Fox
building. From there it moved, March 22, 1892, to the third floor of the
Brockway (now Bullen) building. In 1901, the fact became apparent
that the boys of the Civil war were ageing into physically feeble and
decrepit old veterans and the task of climbing two flights of stair.s to
attend post meetings had become so irksome to many of them, that it
was determined to in some way secure post quartei-s on the ground floor.
At a regular meeting of the post hfeld November 19, 1901, comrade Post
Commander Warren E. Brezette, in a spirit of inspiration, made the
following motion :

"That the post buy a suitable building for a grand army hall and
that the commander appoint a committee of ways and means consisting
of three members, who shall find .such a building and ascertain for what
price it can be purchased and upon what terms and conditions, and
report at the next post meeting. ' '

The motion enthusiastically carried by the unanimous vote of the
post, and the commander appointed Comrades John 0. Banks, William
^I. Loder and Henrv F. Gilbert as such committee.


At a regular meetiug of the post held December 3, 1901, the chairman
of the ways and means committee offered the following report : ' ' Your
committee reports that the building situated at No. 114 East Erie street,
adjoining the M. E. church, known as the Hayes building, can be pur-
chased for the sum of thirteen hundred and fifty dollars ; that Comrade
Calvin T. Smith, agent of the owner, will donate his commission,
amounting to fifty dollars, leaving thirteen hundred dollars for the
post to pay. Your committee recommends that the purchase be made
of said building; that the sum of $1,150.00 be raised by popular sub-
scription, of which sum $1,000.00 shall be paid as part purchase price and
the balance used in putting the building in shape for grand army pur-
poses ; in the event of the post making such purchase, it shall be stipulated
in the deed of conveyance that upon the disbandment of the post and the
surrender of its charter, the said building shall be sold at its then cash
value and the proceeds expended in the erection of a soldiers ' monument
to be located on some suitable site in the city of Albion ; that a committee
of three shall be appointed to carry into effect the recommendation of
your committee.

' ' Respectfully sulmiitted.

"John 0. Banks,
Wm. M. Lodee,
Henry F. Gilbert,

Committee. ' '

Moved by Comrade William Hastings, supported by Comrade Calvin
T. Smith, that the report be accepted and adopted and the purchase of
the premises, a.s recommended by the committee, made, provided that a
good, free and unencumbered title thei'eto can be obtained.

The motion unanimously prevailed and the commander appointed
Comrades John O. Banks, C. T. Smith, N. T. Kirk, H. F. Gilbert and
W. E. Brezette as a committee to make the purchase and carry the recom-
mendation of the committee on ways and means into effect.

The present Grand Army hall was purchased January 21, 1902. The
building is a comfortable, roomy two-story brick striicture, of dimensions
24 feet by 60 feet, conveniently located on the south side of East Erie
street, one of Albion's most beautiful residence streets, close to the busi-
ness center of the city. The first floor is conveniently divided ; in front
is the ante-room, 12 feet by 18 feet in size. This opens into the auditory,
or post room, as it is called in grand army parlance, a room 22 feet by 36
feet in size, amply large for the uses of the post. On extraordinary
occasions, the post room and ante-room can be thrown together, the
division being constructed of folding doors. Back of the post room is a
good-sized kitchen, well equipped with cupboards, stoves and culinary
paraphernalia. On one end and off of the kitchen is the downstairs toilet
room. The second story is reached by both front and rear stairways, and
is divided into three rooms : a grand army club room, library and recep-
tion room, all entered from a hall and connected by doors. This second
floor is also furnished with a toilet room, city water and the usual con-
veniences. The formal dedication of the hall was in March, 1902. Hon.
Charles A. Blair gave the principal oration, as part of an interesting


program. This was followed by a haiKiuct given I)y the corps in the
basement of the M. E. church.

The following is the present post roster: 1 — John Aiken, Co. C, lird
N. Y. Hy. Arty. ; 2— Charles A. Aiken. Co. K. ;)th Mk-h. Cav. ; :i— Hurley
Austin, Co. H, 35th N. Y. Inf. ; 4^Frank N. Austin, Co. D, 3rd Mich.
Cav. ; 5 — William Birmingham, Co. H, 1st Mich. E. ami j\l. ; tj — James J.
Baker, Co. F, 11th Mich. Cav.; 7— Benjamin B. Cook, Co. G, 7th Mich.
Cav. ; 8— John Cowlin, Co. H, 21st N. Y. Cav. ; 9— James II. Clifton, Co.
K. 12th N. Y. Inf. ; 10— Henry C. Conant, Co. B, 8th Mich. Cav. ; 11—
Charles A. Davis, Co. I, 6th Mich. Inf. ; 12— Willard C. Durkee, C. B.
11th U. S. Inf. ; 13— John N. Ford, Co. I, 6th Mich. Hy. Arty. ; 71—
James Finton, Co. P, 16th Mich. Inf.; 14 — Arthur K. Faurot, Co. A,
118th Ohio Inf. ; 15— Robert J. Frost, Co. G, 9th Mich. Cav. ; 16— Wash-
ington Gardner, Co. D, 65th Ohio Inf. ; 17 — George H. Graves, Co. D,
12th Midi. Inf. ; 18— Henry F. Gilbert, Co. E, 1st Mich. Inf. ; 19— Emery
E. Goodenow, Co. F, 8th 111. Cav. ; 20— Oscar G. Hubbard, Co. D, 28th
N. Y. Inf. ; 21— Samuel Horton, Co. C, 148th N. Y. Inf. ; 22— Cvrus B.
Hungerford, Co. C, 13th Mich. Inf. ; 23— Hiram Herrick, Co. C, 101st
N. Y. Inf. ; 24— William Hastings, Co. I, 7th Mich. Cav. ; 25— Ezra In-
man. Co. E, 6th N. Y. Cav.; 26— Henrv B. Jordan, Co. A. 17th Yt.
Inf. ; 27— Henry Johnston, Co. K, 3rd U. S. Inf. ; 28— Frederick Ki.iiii.,r,
Co. A, 1st Mich. E. and M. ; 29— James D. Kincaid, Co. A, i2:)tli .Mirh.
Inf.; 30— Everett G. Knapp, Co. I, 25th 111. Inf.; 31— Emoiv l.anib,
Co. I, 6th Mich. Hy. Arty. ; 32— William M. Loder, Co. B, 2nd Kan.
Inf. and Co. C, 176th Pa. Inf. ; 33— Frank E. Ludlow, Co. K, 16th Mich.
Inf. ; 34— Ezra G. Lownsbery, 23rd N. Y. Indpt. Batty. ; 72— Andrus J.
Little, Co. L. 6th Ohio Cav.; 35— Robert jManuing, Co. A, 2nd :\Iich.
Inf. ; 36— Oliver C. Monroe, Co. C, 148th N. Y. Inf. ; 37— Benson Man-
chester, Co. A. 1st Mich. E. and M. ; 38— William H. Mufflev, Co. C,
10th Mich. Inf. ; 39— Charles A. McGee, Co. F, 11th Mich. Cav. ; 40—
Reuben H. McWethy, Co. B, 5th Mich. Cav. ; 41 — George Minard, Co.
L, 6th Ohio Cav. ; 42— James H. Ott, Co. E, 72nd Penn. Inf. ; 43— Wil-
loughby O'Donoghue, 1st Mich. E. and M. ; 44 — Leraudo A. Pennell,
Co. A, 151st N. Y. Inf. ; 45— Jacob H. Perine, Co. E. 4th .Mich. Inf. ;
46— Reuben Page, Co. B, 5th Mich. Inf. ; 47— Frank E. Palmer. Co. I,
197th Ohio Inf. ; 48— Adam Porr, Co. H, 37th Ohio Inf. ; 49— George T.
Pratt, Co. D, 157th N. Y. Inf. ; 50— James J. Peaehv, Co. I, 91st N. Y.
Inf. ; 51— Charles Pickett, Co. E, 20th Mich. Inf. ; 52— Isaac H. Riddick,
Co. A, 135th Ind. Inf.; 53— Ferdinand D. Roudenbush, Co. B, 136th
N. Y. Inf.; 54— Joseph Ruff. Co. D, 12th Mich. Inf.; 55— Robert R.
Robinson, Co. C, 21st Mich. Inf.; 73 — Benjamin F. Richardson, Co. C,-
14th Ohio Inf. and Co. K, 68th Ohio Inf. ; 56— Henrv D. Smith, 17th
N. Y. Indpt. Batty. ; 57— Isaac L. Sibley, Co. E, 9th Mich. Inf. ; 58—0.
Spencer Stevens, Co. B, 160th N. Y. Inf.; 59— William H. Simmons,
Co. I. 13th N. Y. Hy. Artv. ; 60— Joseph C. Sampson, Co. B. 27th N. Y.
Inf. ; 61— Ferdinand Steinkraus, Co. C, 28th Mich. Inf. ; 74— Charles E.
Shumwav, U. S. Marine Corps; 75 — James A. Sherwood, Co. E, 105th
N. Y. Inf.. Co. I, 8th N. Y. Hy. Arty. ; and Co. C, 4th N. Y. Inf. : 62—
John N. Towers, Co. K, 1st Mich. Inf. ; 63— Joseph L. Thomas, Co. F,
11th Mich. Inf. ; 64— James I. Vandeburg, Co. C, 1st U. S. S. S. ; 65—


Charles H. Williams, Co. A, 20tli N. Y. Inf. ; 66— George R. Weldon,
Co. D, 12th Mich, Inf. ; 67— Benjamin W. Wheat, Co. I, 6th Mich. Hy.
Arty. ; 68— Bradley Waterman, Co. I, 2nd Mich. Inf. ; 69— Levi S. War-
ren, Co. F, 4th Mich. Cav. and Co. A, 27th Mich. Inf.; 70— Albert
Young, Co. B, 124th N. Y. Inf.

Roll of Honor — The post's roll of honor at this date includes the
names of 161 defenders of the Republic. Of these, two served in the war
of the Revolution, thirteen in the war of 1812, two in the war with ]\Iexico,
three in the war with Spain, one in the regular army, and 140 in the Civil
war. Of the latter, 76 were members of this post at the time of their
demise. Each year a carefully selected geranium is planted on the grave
,of each one of the 161 soldiers who have answered to the last roll call,
and on Memorial day all are decorated with flowers.

Woman's Relief Corps

The Woman's Relief Corps was the outgrowth of the soldiers' aid
societies, which spontaneously sprang into existence among the loyal
women of the uorthland during the period of the Civil war, and their
watchword, ''Here am I," has ever responded to the call for help of the
soldiery of the nation. These societies were followed by the formation
of like associations in many of the states, under the names of "Woman's
Relief Corps," "Post Ladies' Aid Society," and like names, until July
25, 1883, at Denver, Colorado, when these societies united and a national
organization was effected. By the unanimous adoption of the resolution
at the 15th annual encampment of the G. A. R., and their own initiative,
this new organization took the name of "The Woman's Relief Corps and
Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic." April 2, 1884, the
Department of Michigan was organized at Lansing, with Mrs. Etta W.
Shank, of that city, as its first president.

Hollingsworth W. R. C. No. 136, Department of Michigan, was orga-
nized February 8, 1888. Mrs. Agnes M. Wiley was elected the first
president of the corps and has ever been an efficient and energetic worker
in the cause for which the corps was organized. Mrs. Wiley is a bright,
resourceful woman of good attainments. It was she who suggested the
patriotic idea of selling Grand Army hall upon the disbandment of the
post and converting the pi-oceeds into a fund for the erection of a sol-
diers' monument in honor of the memory of those from Albion and vicin-
ity who gave their might to the preservation of the nation. At this year's
encampment of W. R. C. in Port Huron, with four candidates in the field,
Mrs. Wiley was elected department president on the first ballot, by a
majority over all — a fitting tribute to her efficiency. She brought addi-
tional honor to Albion and the corps by the selection of Mrs. Emma A.
Niver as department secretary and Mrs. M. Jenette Gardner as depart-
ment treasurer, two ladies of much culture and fine abilities.

Here this historical sketch of the Grand Army of the Republic and of
its membership may fittingl.y be closed. The personalities of the soldiers
of the Civil war, like that of those of the soldiers of the other wars of the
Republic, as a class will soon be lost in the seas of oblivion, except, per-
haps, in the memory of a few descendants who may treasure their memory


as some treasure the memory and personal histories of their heroic
ancestors of the Revolution. Their deeds, however, wrought such lasting
benefits to the nation, that the corroding elements of time will not efface
them. The future Matthews, Marks, Lukes and Johns will continue to
keep the pages bright with the story of their marvelous achievements in
the histories to be written throughout tlie unboi-n ages. -Men die; but
honor, brave deeds, gratitude live.

' ' Fresh tlowors, green wreaths

And tenderest thought.
These are the tributes

That we brought.
Sweet be your sleep

'Neath verdaut sod,
Safe be your welcome

Home "to God.
Men of the dark

And blood-stained days.
« Honor and love

We give, and praise. ' '

Albion Woman's Relief Corps
By Mrs. Ada Gilbert

The Woman's Relief Corps of Albion, Michigan, auxiliary to the
Grand Army of the Republic, was organized February 8, 1888, with
thirty-nine chai'ter members. Nineteen have passed away since that
time. Its object is said to aid and assist the Grand Army of the Re-
public and to perpetuate the memory of their heroic dead. Their aim
also is to assist such Union Veterans as need their help and protection
and to extend needful aid to their widows and orphans; to assure them
of sympathy and friends ; also to cherish and emulate the deeds of our
army nurses and of all loyal women who rendered loving service to our
country in her hour of peril.

The Grand Army of the Republic organized at the close of the war
to promote the great principles of fraternity, charity and loyalty, had
been doing its utmost to aid and comfort their unfortunate comrades,
but the organization was small in numbers and had no sources of re-
plenishment for the steady drain upon its treasury. Then it was that
the loyal women answered again. ' ' Here am I " to the call of the men who
saved a nation.

The Woman's Relief Corps joins with the Post in making prepara-
tions for Sunday and ilemorial Day services; enlist the services of the
children by asking them to bring flowers and take a part in this work
for it is the children who will carrj- on this work after we, the members
of this order, have passed away. The past presidents of Albion Relief
Corps are Agnes Wiley. Nettie Gardner, Belle Bigelow, ^Margaret
Chatfield. Libbie Smith," Marion Durkee, Mamie O'Hara, Fannie Bur-
nett, Hannah Gray, :Mary Deyoe, Ada Gilbert, Lucinda Page, Alice Per-
ine and ^lary B. Ferine who is the president at this time. There is al.so
one pensioned army nurse, Jlary Bell.


Amended Eoster : Rhoda M. Bussard, Hellen E. Wilber, Mattie Deer-
ing, Lena P. Riddick, Mary Keck, Mary E. Davis, Electa Pennell, Emma
R. Timberlake, Lillian H. Titman, Caroline Shutt, Katherine Brox-
holm, Mai-y Davis, Saphroua Davis, Lillian Turner, Altha Hubbard,
Minnie P. Horning, Sarah J. Haines, Mollie E. Johnston, Adelaide M.
Lincoln, Viola E. Kingsworth, Vira McGee, Ann A. Marsh, Martha J.
McWethy, Emma A. Niser, Saphrona J. Nellison, Lusina Page, Annie
E. Watterman, Mary Wakelan, Mary E. Bell, Mary Austin, Nellie B.
Allen, Kate Aikin, Lydia A. Bolles, Mamie Bennett, Nancy 0. Bliss,
Dora E. Perry, Maggie L. Chatfield, Elizabeth A. Carris, Sarah Holton,
Nettie M. Gardner, Ada L. Gilbert, Hannah Gray, Martha B. Gale,
Alice Perine, Martha Pike, Nettie A. Parker, Louisa Peck, Mary B.
Perine, Hattie J. Pickett, Kate E. Ruff, Carrie E. Rodgers, Mary A.
Simmons, Janet Sebastian, Elizabeth Smith, Elizabeth A. Smith, Jennie
E. Schermerhorn, Olive A. Toner.

Woman 's Christian Tempkrance Union

By Mrs. Mary B. Dickie

The Michigan State Woman's Christian Temperance Union was or-
ganized at Lansing, in June, 1874.

Through its inliuence Dr. Henry A. Reynolds was brought into the
state for a campaign of pledge signing and organization. In the winter
of 1877 he held a series of revival meetings in Albion, that resulted in the
organization of a Red Ribbon Reform Club and the Woman's Christian
Temperance Union, of which ilrs. Antoinette B. Brockway was the first
president. No one who attended those wonderful meetings can ever for-
get the inspiration of Dr. Rej-nold 's strong personality, for he was a noble
looking, magnetic man, who had been saved from a drunkard's life
through the influence of the Woman's Temperance Crusade and pressed
into service by the W. C. T. U. to "Rescue the Perishing." With per-
.sistent, loving entreaty he went into the saloons, and brought out hopeless
drunkards and young men who were just commencing to enter those
dangerous places of sin and shame. His appeal to church members was
a bugle blast, which awakened Christians from their lethargy, and sent
them out to seek and save the drunkard and also to go into the drunkard 's
home with love and hoj^e for the heart broken wives and children.

Por once, denominational fences were broken down, so that the good
people of Albion joined heart and hand to save their fallen brothers.

Dr. William H. Perine, a most gifted and eloquent man, was at that
time pastor of the Methodist church in Albion. His sympathy with this
movement made him instrumental in persuading all of the churches to
unite with the Reform Club in union Sunday evening mass meetings for
nearly a year. During that time many of the most famous and eloquent
speakers spoke in Opera Hall, Sunday evenings, such as Francis E.
Willard, Mary T. Lathrop, Mrs. Annie Wittenmyer, George W. Bain.
Michael Panning, and many others. When there were no special speakers
from abroad, the pastors stood loyally by to occupy the time. The Red
Ribbon Club included all good citizens, as well as those who had been


Online LibraryWashington GardnerHistory of Calhoun county, Michigan : a narrative account of its historical progress, its people, and its principle interests (Volume 1) → online text (page 57 of 74)