Wessie Voglesong-Woods.

History of Hanover, Columbiana County, Ohio, 1804-1908 online

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hearer of Captain Lucy's Troop, volunteer
for the Seminole war.

Brother of Jason W. Lindesmith, Lieu-
tenant 115th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.

Brother-in-law of a soldier.

Cousin of 19 Union soldiers.

Performed much religious and patriotic
service and paid $230.00 bounty for the
Union army during the Civil war.

At all other times did constant parish
and missionary work.




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HISTORY



-OF—




HANOVER



COLUMBIANA COUNTY,



OHIO.



1804-1908



ALLIANCE, OHIO :

THE REVIEW PUBLISHING CO.,

1908








PUBLISHED^
MRS. WESSIE VOGUES©^G-'^OODS.
CANTON, OHOd. jj*,

o <



8-^-7/C^^



I

to aff tgofie tv^o 6at?e cut ftt^eb anb t»?o0e
memorieB carrj? t^em 6acft to ftinbreb Ucb dnb
fnenbfj^ aBeociationB in J^anoHx ctnb eurrounbin^
communitj^ is iffis fittfe t^ofume bebicateb.



The Family Meeting.

We are all here!
Father, mother, sister, brother.

All who hold each other dear.
Each place is fill'd; we're all at home;
Today, let no cold stranger come:
It is not often thus around
Our old familiar town we're found:
Bless then the meeting and the spot;
For once let be every care forgot;
Let gentle Peace assert her power,
And kind Affection rule the hour;
We're all — all here.

We're not all here!
Some are away — the dead ones dear,
Who throng'd with us this ancient town,
And gave the hour to guiltless mirth.
Fate, with a stern relentless hand,
Look'd in and thinn'd our little band:
Some, like a night-flash, pass'd away.
And some sank lingering day by day;
The quiet grave-yard — some lie there —
And cruel Ocean has his share:
We're not all here.

We are all here!
Father, mother, sister, brother,

You that I love with love so dear.
This may not long of us be said;
Soon must we join the gather'd dead,
And by the town we now are round.
Some other circle will be found.
Oh! then, that wisdom may we know,
Which yields a life of peace below;
So, in the world to follow this.
May each repeat, in words of bliss.
We're all — all — here!

CHARLES SPRAGUE.



Preface.



From a sense of love and admiration for the little old home town
wherein my eyes first oped to the light of day and the perpetuating
of the history of the town, nestled as it is amid the hills of western
Columbiana county, has this volume been compiled and written.

For it we have but one apology, this, that pictures and a brief
sketch of the lives of all who have in any way added to the material
interest and welfare of the town could not be included therein. Much
more could have been written; much of incident and history, we
know, has been lost.

To those who have in any way contributed to the work, either
in well wishes or deed, we cherish the most kindly feeling and regard.

THE AUTHOR.




A. V. JOHNSON
Present Mayor of Hanover.



History of Hanover



The township of Hanover, number 15, range 4, is one of the town-
ships of Columbiana county still retaining the original fixed territorj-
of six miles square. It is bounded on the north by Butler township,
on the east by Center and Franklin, on the south by Franklin and
county of Carroll, and on the west by West township. Within its
limits were six villages or hamlets, Hanover, New Garden, Gillford,
Dungannon, Adair and Kensington, the latter being the only one on
a railroad, this being the Cleveland & Pittsburg; it crossing the
southwest corner of the township. The town of Hanover lies a little
south and west of the center of the township. The early settlers
were from Hanover, Pa., and from the best information obtainable,
gave their new habitations the name in honor to their old home town.

In 1804 David and John Sinclair were the only settlers in the
neighborhood. In the following spring, however, several members
were added. Enos Ellis settled on this very land in 1805, building
his primitive home on the spot where Herod Pearce lived for a
number of years, the place being selected because of the spring of
water near, a spring in that day being considered an indispensable
requisite to a site for a home, in fact, a quarter of land destitute
of good water was considered almost worthless.

James Milner settled on the quarter now occupied by the town,
the same year, building his cabin where W. H. Dressier afterward
lived. John James, the same year, located about half a mile east.
These three families, Ellis, Milner and James, added to the two
who came the year previous, made quite a settlement in the then
woods, so much so that Robert Raley, passing through on a hunting
expedition, concluded to leave his home lin Pennsylvania, near
Georgetown, and join them. In the fall of 1805 he built himself a
cabin, then resigning it to the care of raccoons, 'possums and wild
turkeys, returned to his home, the following spring moving with his
family and taking possession. But as early as this the settlers were
not lonesome, for the ring of the woodman's ax by day and the
howling of wolves by night were cheerful sounds to those hardy
grandsires of ours.

Robert Raley settled northeast of town, and during this same
year, 1806, numerous other pioneers came to the neighborhood, so



many, in fact, that the matter of a meeting house, or churcli, was
considered, and a site selected, this being on the hill where the old
Sandy Springs Quaker meeting house now stands.

Most of the early settlers were Quakers or Friends, and natu-
rally the meeting established was of that denomination. The meet-
ing house was built of logs in 1807, and served both as a church
and school house, the first school being held there during the winter
of 1807-8, Isaac Craig being the first teacher.

Two reasons have been assigned as to why this particular
spot was called Sandy Springs. One because of the numerous springfe
there; the other, that some of the more influential in the work had
come from the Sandy Spring neighborhood in Maryland.

Not until 1811 was the village of Hanover platted, the settlers
prior to that time trading at what was then New Lisbon, this town
having been laid out in 1802, and made a county seat in 1804. In that
year, 1811, James Craig purchased from James Milner twenty-fouv
acres of land, and layed out the village. The first house in that
place was built on the ground now occupied by the residence of
Mrs. James Sloan. It was a log structure, combining in style of its
architecture the most handsome of the designs of that day. The
principal street of the village was the one running north and south,
and known as Plymouth.

James Craig and others organized a stock company and estab-
lished a store, with Craig as manager, the firm being known as the
Manufacturing & Mercantile Co., of Sandy. This store building
stood near where Mrs. James Sloan now lives. Everything used,
salt, iron, calico, etc., had to be brought from Philadelphia or Balti-
more, all being carted 300 or 400 miles, over the mountains by
mules. Naturally, nothing was wasted when brought, neither was ii
sold for a song. Two bushels of wheat would not more than pay for
a yard of calico. Salt was higher than it was during Civil war days.

The hum of the wheel and rattle of loom were signs of plenty
of good linsey or flannel and the girl who could not make nice linen
or warm flannel was in poor condition to win the heart and hand of
any of those sturdy young men who loved the music as made by
the woodman's ax. Domestic manufacture was the pride of every
woman. In place of tea brought from China and coffee from Arabia
at enormous expense, milk or water was used with sassafras and
spicewood by times for a change. Instead of sugar or molasses from
the tropics, they used the sap of the tree at their door, and instead
of the dress goods as today, they had the fabric, every thread of
which was moistened by sweat of their honest hands.

—10—




Mr. Craig built a sawmill and grist mill, located near where the
Disciple church now stands, the grist mill being abandoned about
1837. The company store failed and a man named Poi^e established
another, but it, too, soon closed, the owner suiciding by cutting his
throat. For some time following this George Sloan "and David Arter
supplied the people with their requirements in dry goods and wares.

In the year 1812 occurred a memorable excitement in the settle-
ment. It was just after Hull's surrender and the pepole were very
fearful of Indians. One night about dark the cry of "Indians" was
heard, and it quickly spread throughout the settlement. The fright-
ened people hurriedly prepared to leave, and by the following day
every man, woman and child, excepting two families, were on their
way to the Ohio river. Some never stopped until safely across, some
just reached it, while others did not get so far. Frederick Byard,
an old Indian fighter, and Robert Raley were the only men left, and
were, of course, considered very foolhardy in remaining to be
"butchered by the Indians." Mr. Raley went to the sawmill and
began work, while his wife went to the woods and milked the de-
serted cows. She secured enough milk to make two or three cheese
nd had them nicely put away on the shelf when the fugitives began
o return. In a few days all were back, but they presented a sorry
icture. It had been raining and men and women, young men, boys
^//and blushing damsels, were badly drabbled with mud, some wading
up and down the mill race to wash the mud from their clothes. The
whole affair is said to have been a result of a man hunting his cows
in the evening.

The first brick house in the town was the one now occupied
by Walter Schooley. It was built by two brothers, Owen and William
Williams. One of these brothers died in 1835, a short time after
his failing in business, and the house, or rather the southeast corner,
which was then the entire residence, was purchased at sheriff's sale
by Dr. James Robertson, Sr., the price paid being $3,0(t0. The north-
east part of the house was built in 1839. During the same year
James Keys erected the brick house occupied by the late William
Lawson. The brick used in the building of the house now occupied
by Grace Nichols were bought from David Miller, having been made
and burned on the old Miller farm at Adair, one and a half miles
west of New Garden, on the old State road. Mr. Rhodes, who built
the house, made offer to i)ay 12 1/^ cents per hundred for hauling the
brick from the kiln to town, and as there was good sledding at that
time the farmers and others having teams formed a jolly crowd in
hauling the bricks across the country in sleds.



-11—




—12—



ci?-



The village of Hanover got along slowly and uneventfully until
the projecting of the old Sandy and Beaver canal, the same passing
in close proximity to the town. This was a vast enterprise and one
for a time of great promise, and with its building came prospects of
a rosy future for Hanover. This company was incorporated by act
of the state legislature Jan. 11, 1826, but work on its excavation
was not begun until 1832. Samuel Reeder threw out the first shovel
of earth in the digging of it at Hanover. There was much noise
and commotion, caused by a spirit of rejoicing at the actual begin-
ning of work.

This tumult was, it is said, obnoxious to those of the Friends or
or Quaker church, they regarding it as wholly unwarranted excite-
ment. Mr. Reeder was a member of this faith and there was talk of
"churching him" for the part taken in the matter.

From 1832 to 1837 work on the canal excavation was steadily
carried forward. The panic of 1837 greatly depressed progress of
construction, but in 1845 it revived and in 1847 the work was prac-
tically completed and the canal became a realized hope.

When ready to begin work many people were alarmed. In that
day laborers at work of this character were of Irish nativity, instead
of Italian and Slavish, as now, and it was not unusual to hear, "The
Irish are coming; they are great fighters and will kill people." It
was soon learned, however, that the Irish did not molest any one
who let them alone, and that they were friends and protectors of
those friendly toward them.

The father of Gen. James W. Reilley, of Wellsville, had the con-
tract of digging a section of the canal along West Fork creek on the
road from Hanover to Lisbon. At that time the future General was
in college. His father told his workmen that Jimmy intended being a
priest, and sometimes would say, "Now b'ys, put on an exthra shovel-
ful to pay for the larnin' of Jimmy."

It was the custom that contractors would give the workmen a
certain number of drinks of whiskey each day, these being termed
"jiggers." When scarce of hands the number of these daily "jiggers"
was increased, with generally satisfactory results, but ofttimes with
depleting results to the working ranks of other contractors.

The first boat passing along the canal and through the tunnel
was on January 6, 1848, coming from the east. A large number of
Hanover people, headed by their band, went out to meet it, doing
so at the old Frost Mill on the West Fork creek, the boat having
grounded at a point where the canal crossed the milldam, there
being a raise of three feet to get from this into the canal channel

Lk>




—14—



again, and there was not sufficient water to go over it. In this hour
of perplexity Morris Miller happened along with seven yoke of oxen
and with the aid of these and the company all lending a "heave, oh,"
and helping hand the boat was towed up and over the barrier. All
then got aboard, successfully passing the little tunnel north of Dun-
gannon (the interior of this, by the way, being one of arched ma-
sonry) and on to the big tunnel east of Hanover. As this was being
entered the band struck up another of its spirited and enthusiastic
selections. The boat went along nicely until at a point where the
east shaft was located (this being a hole from the surface by means
of which rock was lifted in the tunneling) a big stone fell and ob-
structed the channel. On the boat was Edward Sinclair, whose mar-
riage was to be solemnized at 3 p. m. Trouble was experienced in
moving the stone and time was fleeting. Sinclair was restless and
finally in a spirit of desperation exclaimed. "Boys, my time's up,"
and with a bound he leaped overboard, waded and swam to the nether
shore, the nuptials taking place upon nominally schedule time. In
the course of an hour or so the obstruction was got aside and amid
great eclat the boat came into Hanover, stopping and anchoring at
the lower warehouse.

Rev. E. W. J. Lindesmith, noted Catholic and clergyman and
United States army chaplain, when a boy drove a cart in the deep
canal cut leading to the entrance of the tunnel and ever expressed
himself as enjoying the work. He was also a passenger on the first
boat, making the trip from Gillford to the Frost Mill, where it
floundered for the night, and the next day from Dungannon through
the big tunnel to Hanover.

The canal was in operation steadily for three years, its entire
abandonment occurring about 1854. This was a dry year and the
divide in the tunnel was dry, boats only plying then of any moment
from the west as far as Hanover. The "J. P. Hanna," a large boat
owned by an uncle to the late Senator M. A. Hanna, grounded in
the mud near Lynchburg, so that it was impossible to move it, and
here it rotted to pieces.

During the period of digging the canal and its active operation,
Hanover reached the zenith of its business history. During its con-
struction the population within the incorporate limits was 1,200,
and taking into enumeration those residing adjacent, the number was
swelled to 2,000. From the town east to the tunnel entrance was
one expanse of tenements, homes of canal workmen.

In 1834 Michael Arter, George Brown and Howard Potter pur-
chased land along the town, this location being the present business

—15—



portion of the village. The land hitherto had been a swamp, but it
was excellently drained and improvements grew apace, lots selling
readily.

In 1834, four taverns, or hotels, as they are called today, were
noted for the town. In 1836 seven general stores and two additional
places where only grocei'ies were sold were business enterprises of
the town. Of those conducting same, the names of two cannot be
recalled. The others were George Sloan, David Arter, Eli Davidson,
James McQuilkin, John Eudly, Theodore Armstrong and Theodore
Stratton.




THE TOWN PUMP.

The first and only public well in Hanover was dug in 1845, and
in all these intervening sixty-three years has been in constant
service, supplying drink and cooling the parched tongues of both
man and beast. It stands at the roadside just west of the Mansion
House, and seldom an hour of the day passes but that some one



-16-



is not partaking of its crystal waters. It is only an ordinary well, the
pump of the pattern crude and old, the style that of the pump makers
of the days of our forefathers, carved from a suitable log, drawn
in for the purpose from the woodland, but it yet is a prided landmark
in the history of the town. The old town pump —



Hail to thee, old town pump.
Thy pattern quaint and worn.

We greet thee still with welcome heart
In sunshine and in storm.

With creaking voice, thou answer'st all
Who yet converse with thee

And fillest the cup of each and all
With nectar pure and free.

Thy voice, how like to that of man.
When age has creased the brow.

And Time, with ever fleeting years.
Has withered hand and bough.

Old Town Pump! We greet thee,

Friends of the long ago;
And as we gather round thee now.

Sweet recollections flow.

Flow free as does thy water's yet

To days long passed away.
Old friend, we shake, and greet again

This glad Home Coming Day.



June 5, 1859, was a cheerless, cold day, the morning being the
memorable frost in which wheat and all vegetation was killed. Mrs.
Mary Sweeney had lifted her tomato plants from the garden and
taken them in the house the night previous and thus became the
envy of all Hanover, having the only plants in the township.



—17—



MILLS, Etc.

The old Independence mill, which stood half way between Han-
over and Kensington, was owned by George Freace and Thomas
♦Richards, and was rented by Burton Sinclair in 1845 at $100 per
year. He operated all departments, falling, grist, carding and saw
mill.

The Independence, with the exception of the old Brown mill north
of town, was the only mill in this part of the county- to be operated
by water power. Water was carried to it by means of a ditch, be-
ginning in the vale north of the canal site at a point near the resi-
dence of Florents Sheraw.

In those days another grist mill, operated by water, was located
near Kensington. It was built by Samuel Holland, water being con-
veyed to it through an open channel, or race, from the valley east
of Kensington. Traces of this race can yet be seen. Its water
supply, however, soon failed, and its owner installed a large tramp
power. Five big steers were used in propelling it. Linseed was
ground and linseed oil made for several years. This mill was built
and in operation before Independence mill.

Another sawmill was also located and operated just inside the
entrance to the now Joseph Marshall farm, its owner being Garrion
Ellis. This mill was erected by Burton Sinclair, water used for its
operation being secured from springs on the Calvin Cooper farm,
now owned by Charles Wernet.

Samuel Brown entered two quarters of land north of town, build-
ing a log grist mill structure, this being located south of the now
Grim mill. The water in the operation of this was secured by means
of a dam constructed in the vale, at north side of farm now owned
by Edwin Button. Traces of breastworks and waterway to this
mill can still be also seen.

This mill was later rebuilt by William Schooley, who placed
a second story of frame on the log part. In 1851 Samuel Fox, father
of Seth Fox, put in a boiler and engine.

That known as the Grim mill was built by Burton Sinclair and
Henry McCann. The frame was raised June 4, 1859,*** some who
assisted in raising it helping to place the rafters on the Disciple
church the same day. This mill was always operated by steam
power.

Lawson and Levinger purchased the lower mill property after
Mr. Sloan's death in 1870, and controlled it for a number of years,
when it passed into the hands of Mr. Ruble. The mill is four stories
high and can manufacture about thirty barrels of flour per day.

—18—



In 1835 a man from Salem built, and operated a foundry plant in
Hanover. It was later bought by a man named Kingsley, who con-


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