same year, and first located in New York city and later in Syracuse. There the father
continued to live until his demise. In the family were three sons. Dr. John Eisner
of this review. Dr. Henry L. Eisner and Dr. Simon L. Eisner, and it is of interest to
mention in this connection that members of the family have been physicians for
the past four hundred years.
Dr. Henry L. Eisner became renowned as one of America's greatest diagnosticians,
specializing in diseases of the heart, and, peculiarly, he himself died of a heart mal-
ady while engaged in a consultation. He wrote a noted work on Prognosis, which
was published by Appleton & Company and is still an authority on this subject. Dr.
Simon L. Eisner, whose fame as a great surgeon was much more than local, died
at the comparatively early age of forty-four years, and thus two members of this
family passed away in a devotion to medical science.
The other brother. Dr. John Eisner, took up his professional studies at Bellevue
Hospital Medical College, from which he was graduated in 1866, subsequently taking
a post graduate course in Vienna. As early as 1865 he was a member of the United
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States Sanitary Commission, doing scientific work in this connection, and was sta-
tioned on the receiving ship Ohio. He examined for physical fitness all men on the
Kearsarge, Wabash, Minnesota and other warships. Later on he took a special course,
graduating from the New York Ophthalmic Hospital, and also took special courses
in auscultation and percussion under the famous Dr. Austin Flint. Having also
delved into other scientific lines, Dr. Eisner had acquired an intimate knowledge of
mineralogy and friends interested in what was known as the Onondago lode at Black-
hawk, Colorado, sent him with a complete outfit to work that property and act as
superintendent. Being thoroughly impressed with the future greatness of the west.
Dr. Eisner accepted the proposition and with thirty wagons in his train crossed the
prairies, encountering many dangerous situations and hardships on the trip. For
eight days his party had to fight the Indians but at last he reached Blackhawk and,
to use a colloquial phrase, found that the rich mine simply consisted of a hole in the
ground. Having taken the route by way of Denver, he on June 6, 1866, returned to
this city and, considering it a good point of vantage and a possibly favorable field
for the future, decided to establish himself here in his profession. Today Dr. Eisner
is the dean of the medical profession in Colorado and perhaps the most famous gen-
eral practitioner in the vast region of the west. Much that had to do with implant-
ing medical science in Colorado is found in the beginning of his professional career
here. He was the founder of the first county hospital, no similar institution exist-
ing before this time, and it was he who took patients out of hen coops and barns and
placed them in a sanitary structure which was located on Ninth street. Soon his
reputation spread, as he succeeded in handling numerous cases successfully, and
much practice devolved upon him. Subsequently he was appointed county physician
by the county commissioners. Today Dr. Eisner stands as one of the most honored
representatives of his profession in Colorado, his large experience and his spirit of
progressiveness, which keeps him in contact with the latest discoveries, placing him
at the head of medical men within the state. Upon many subjects he is considered
776 HISTORY OF COLORADO
an authority and his opinions and services are frequently asked in consultation by
other physicians and surgeons. He is very proud of a most valuable medical library,
which is considered one of the finest in America and which he has personally col-
lected, which includes book treasures, many of which antedate those to be found in
the greatest medical libraries of the country. His mineralogical collection is also
considered one of the finest in America and this he has turned over to the state and
it is now on exhibition in the Historical Museum. It is not, however, along these
lines alone that Dr. Eisner has proven himself a discriminating collector, for he has
at his home valuable objects of art, many of which could not be duplicated in this
country, the collection being worth many thousands of dollars.
Dr. and Mrs. Eisner are both prominent in social circles and take an active interest
in all those things which make for a greater and better city. Mrs. Eisner has de-
voted much of her time to philanthropy and generously supports many movements
which are undertaken to alleviate human ills and distress. She is the mother of a
daughter, Rosalind, who is a brilliant and talented young woman, very popular among
the younger people of the city.
Dr. Eisner has for years served on the staffs of the large hospitals of Denver
and in this connection it may be mentioned that it was he, Bishop Machebeauf. Father
Bender and Sister Superior who founded St. Joseph's Hospital. He not only gives
his time to his profession but also was for years a professor and lecturer at Gross
Medical College, readily instilling into the students that great knowledge which he
himself had acquired in American and European institutions and which he had care-
fully fostered and augmented by many cases of practical experience. He is the founder
of the state and local societies of Colorado; is honorary member of same; also an
honorary of the State Medical Association of California; also of the British Museum
Association, and the Scientific Association of Paris, France. He is a member of the
American Medical Association and of the International Medical Congress. Among the
profession he is spoken of with veneration and he enioys the complete confidence of
the general public.
RALPH R. DRENNEN.
Ralph R. Drennen, engaged in the real estate and loan business at Fort Morgan,
was born in Warren county. Illinois, on the Sth of September, 18S2, a son of Perry J.
and Eliza J. (Clark) Drennen, the former a native of Pennsylvania, while the latter
was born in Ohio. The father was a farmer by occupation and removed to Illinois
from Pennsylvania at an early day. He conducted a farm in Warren county, Illinois,
until 1884, when he removed to Pawnee county. Nebraska, where he purchased land
which he continued to further develop and improve until his life's labors were ended
in death. He served with the Seventy-third Illinois Regiment during the Civil war and
his death resulted from a weakened condition brought about by exposure at the battle
of Fredericksburg, although he lived for a number of years thereafter, passing away
upon his farm in Nebraska in March, 1887. His widow is still living and now makes
her home with her son Ralph at Fort Morgan.
While a native of Illinois, Ralph R. Drennen was reared and educated in Pawnee
county, Nebraska, supplementing his district school course by study in a business
college at Lincoln, Nebraska. He remained with his mother upon the home farm until
1907, when he came to Fort Morgan. Colorado, and engaged in the real estate and loan
business, which he has since conducted. He is thoroughly familiar with property values
in this section of the state and has negotiated many important realty transfers. He
also has extensive farming interests in Morgan county and operates eight irrigated
farms of a quarter section each, raising more sugar beets than any other person in
the county. His fields are most carefully and wisely cultivated and the results attained
are very gratifying. He is likewise a stockholder in the Merchants Bank of Denver.
In a word, he is a man of sound business judgment, keen sagacity and of undaunted
enterprise, and his intelligently directed labors have been attended with very sub-
In September, 1911, Mr. Drennen was married to Miss Gertrude A. Peters, and
they have become the parents of two children: Ralph R. J., who was born in November,
1914; and Archibald E., born in November, 1917.
Mr. Drennen belongs to the Woodmen of the World and also to the Modern Woodmen
of America. In politics he is a republican. In 1914. however, he became allied with
the progressive party and was nominated on its ticket for congress but was defeated.
HISTORY OF COLORADO 777
His religious faitli is that of the United Brethren church. He is a man of genuine
personal worth, highly esteemed by all who know him by reason of his many sterling
traits of character. Laudable ambition has many times prompted him to take a for-
ward step and as he has steadily progressed a broader outlook has opened up before
him with wider opportunities, which he has carefully utilized and thereby has advanced
continuously toward the goal of prosperity.
A native of Colorado. Elmer Geer, a prosperous farmer and stock ra,iser of Boulder
county, was born in the city of Denver, September 1, 1S66, and it seems that the spirit
of western enterprise was one of the gifts which the fairy godmother gave to him in
his cradle. That energy he has ever since utilized to good advantage and thereby
has attained prosperity and a substantial standing among his fellow citizens in Boul-
der county. He is a son of Solomon and Nancy (Phoenix) Geer, natives of Connecti-
cut and Pennsylvania respectively. Both later removed to Illinois, in which state
they were married in Stark county. There they resided for some time but in 1859
the stories of the fabulous wealth of Pike's Peak attracted the attention of Mr. Geer,
who was induced to come to Colorado. In the spring of 1866 he moved his family
to this state, the plains being crossed by ox teams and location being made in Boulder
county. Shortly after their arrival the subject of this review was born. The father
continued to follow mining until 1S72, when he decided to settle upon a ranch, to the
cultivation of which he devoted his remaining days, and there both he and his wife
passed away. They were the parents of nine children, of whom but two are now living.
Elmer Geer was reared upon the home farm and received his education in the
schools of Colorado. On laying aside his textbooks he assisted his father in the work
of the home place but after reaching his majority engaged in the lurnber business
for several years. In 1902 he bought the property upon which he now lives and which
comprises two hundred and twelve acres, all under the ditch. He makes a specialty
of dairying and also derives a gratifying income from general farming. Always fol-
lowing progressive methods, he has closely studied the soil and climatic conditions
to good advantage, turning his efforts to good purpose and thereby receiving an in-
creasingly gratifying income from" his labors.
In 1887, at the age of twenty-one, Mr. Geer was united in marriage to Miss Nida
Smith, a native of Boulder county and a daughter of C. C. and Matina M. (Steele)
Smith. Her parents are still living and are honored pioneers of Boulder county. Mr.
and Mrs. Geer are the parents of nine children: Hubert; Nancy and Lloyd, both
deceased; Carl; Bernice, a teacher; Owen, who is now attending college, studying for
the ministry; Harry; Irma; and Lois.
Mr. and Mrs. Geer are devoted members of the Methodist Episcopal church, in
the work of which they are very active, Mr. Geer serving as deacon. Interested in
the cause of education, he has served for eight years on the school board and along
the line of his occupation he is connected with the Grange, of which he is a valued
member. He has many friends in his neighborhood and at Longmont. which is his
postofflce. and all who know him speak of him in terms of high regard. He has earned
the proud American title of self-made man, for all those possessions which he has
acquired have come to him through his own efforts.
MRS. NORA K. HARTMAN.
Mrs. Nora K. Hartman has demonstrated her ability in a business way by care-
fully and successfully carrying on her farm work. She always lived in Grand county,
Colorado, until five years ago. when she removed to Boulder county. He has witnessed
remarkable changes in this state from pioneer times to the present. She is a daughter
of Peter A. Leyner, mentioned elsewliere in tliis work in connection with the sketch of
another daughter. Mrs. Mattie M. Howell.
Mrs. Hartman spent her girlhood days under the parental roof and pursued her
education in the public schools. She now resides upon part of her father's old home-
stead, having one hundred and sixty acres of rich and productive land, all under irri-
gation. She gives personal supervision and attention to the management and devel-
opment of the farm and her practical ideas and progressive spirit are manifest in the
778 HISTORY OF COLORADO
excellent results which have been attained. She has greatly improved the farm with
good buildings, having an attractive residence upon it, together with large barns and
sheds that give ample shelter to grain and stock. She has specialized in the pro-
duction of wheat and alfalfa and annually gathers good crops of each. She has secured
the latest improved farm machinery to facilitate the work of the fields and everything
about the place indicates her thorough understanding of the most modern and scien-
tific methods of farming.
In 1884 Nora K. Leyner became the wife of John H. Hartman, of Breckenridge,
Colorado. She now has eight children, all of whom are living, namely: J. H., of
Denver; George M., a resident of Wolcott, Colorado; Charles A., who is a member of
the United States army; Ralph L., who is now in France with the colors; Marie, the
wife of C. C. Eastin; Nina C. who is a graduate of the college at Fort Collins and
is now successfully teaching; Philip A.; and Mattie, who is a high school pupil. The
family is well known in their section of Boulder county, where they have an exten-
sive circle of warm friends, and Mrs. Hartman is recognized, moreover, as a most cap-
able business woman, while her social qualities have gained tor her the high regard
and friendship of many.
MONROE CLAIR EVERITT.
Monroe Clair Everitt, who is engaged in farming near Edgewater, was born in
the vicinity of Golden, Colorado, on the 16th of May, 1883, a son of Neal and Phoebe
R. Everitt, both of whom were natives of Ohio. Spending his youthful days under
the parental roof, Monroe C. Everitt attended a graded school at Maple Grove and
afterward became a student in the high school at Golden, from wHich he was grad-
uated with the class of May, 1901. He has always devoted his time and attention to
the occupation of farming and stock raising and has met with a substantial measure
of success in this connection as the years have gone by. He now has highly cultivated
fields and a farm well equipped with modern machinery and improvements, and an
air of neatness and thrift pervades the place.
On the 4th of November, 1903, in Denver, Colorado, Mr. Everitt was married to
Miss Carolena H. Johnson, a daughter of Erick and Arabella Johnson. They became
parents of a son, Merle Monroe, who died when eight years of age.
In politics Mr. Everitt has always been a stanch republican since age conferred
upon him the right of franchise and he stands for all progressive public measures
calculated to advance the substantial development of county, commonwealth and coun-
try. In his fraternal relations he is a Mason, belonging to Golden City Lodge, No. 1,
F. & A. M.; Golden City Chapter, No. 5, R. A. M.; Colorado Commandery, No 1. K. T.;
also to Denver Council. No. 1, R. & S. M.; Colorado Consistory, No. 1, S. P. R. S,
and to El Jebel Temple, A. A. 0. N. M. S., of Denver. He is a most loyal follower
of the teachings of the craft and exemplifies in his life the beneficent spirit of the
order, which is based upon a recognition of the brotherhood of man.
A well known representative of commercial enterprise in Denver is Albert Arps.
the vice president and manager of the retail department of the George Tritch Hardware
Company. This business was originally established in 1860 and is today the pioneer
hardware house of Colorado. Throughout the entire period of his business career
Mr. Arps has been identified with the hardware trade and his identification with the
present company dates from 1911. He comes to Colorado from the middle west, his
birth having occurred in New Holstein. Wisconsin, on the 24th of September, 1874.
His father, John H. Arps, is a native of Germany and came to America with his
parents in 1849. when a little lad of four summers. The family home was established
at New Holstein, Wisconsin, where they were among the first settlers of Calumet county.
John H. Arps was there reared and educated and became one of the early hardware
merchants of New Holstein. where he successfully conducted business for many years.
He is now living retired at that place, enjoying the fruits of a well spent life. He
married Minnie Hanssen, who was born at New Holstein, Wisconsin, a daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Hanssen, who were pioneer settlers of that state of German descent.
To Mr. and Mrs. Arps have been born four children.
HISTORY OF COLORADO 779
Albert Arps, the second of the family, was educated In the public and high schools
of his native town and at the age of twenty-four years started out on his own account.
After leaving school he had been employed in his father's hardware store and was
actively associated with him in the trade until 1899. when thinking that the west
would offer better and broader business opportunities, he came to Colorado. He made
his way to the picturesque city of Ouray where it nestles among high mountains and
there he established a retail hardware and mine supply business, which he conducted
until 1911. He then sold his interests in Ouray and became a stockholder in the
George Tritch Hardware Company, with which he has since been connected. Their
establishment is located at the corner of Seventeenth and Arapahoe streets, in the
Bank block, and is the oldest and largest wholesale and retail hardware business in
Colorado. They have a floor space of one hundred and twenty-five thousand square
feet and the firm employs on an average of eighty people, including fifteen traveling
salesmen. The business was begun in a small log cabin at the corner of Fifteenth
and Wazee streets and from that humble beginning has grown to its present extensive
proportions, constituting one of the foremost commercial enterprises of the city. Since
his school days were over Mr. Arps has been identified with the hardware trade, with
which he is thoroughly familiar in every branch, and he is now a most active factor
in the conduct of the business as the manager of the retail department and vice presi-
dent of the company.
On the 7th of June, 1899, Mr. Arps was married in New Holstein. Wisconsin, to
Miss Minnie C. Boie, a native of that place and a daughter of Nicholas C. and Kath-
erine Boie, the former a pioneer of Wisconsin who came from Germany about 1849,
and who is now deceased. To Mr. and Mrs. Arps has been born a son, Blwyn, whose
birth occurred at Ouray, Colorado. June 5, 1901. The family residence is at No. 2690
Fraternally Mr. Arps is identified with Ouray Lodge. No. 492, B. P. O. E. Since
coming to this city he has joined the Civic and Commercial Association and takes
active interest in its work and well formulated plans. He is also an active member
of the Retail Bureau and does everything in his power to advance business interests
along the lines of legitimate development. His political allegiance is given to the
republican party and he is a recognized leader in its local ranks. In 1911 he was
elected to represent his district in the house of representatives and became a mem-
ber of the seventeenth general assembly, in which he gave thoughtful consideration
to all the vital problems which came up for settlement. He belongs to the Divine Sci-
ence church and cooperates in all those plans which are looking to the material, in-
tellectual, social, political and moral progress of community and state.
Hardy Simpson, who, associated with his father, holds landed possessions amount-
ing to twenty-six hundred acres near Elizabeth, was born in Colorado, just west of
Denver, in 1876, the year which made this the centennial state. His parents are Wil-
liam and Annie F. ( McHardy ) Simpson. The father is a native of the Empire state
and removed thence to Canada, where Annie F. McHardy was born and reared. They
came from that country to Colorado in 1871 or 1S72, having resided in this state to
the present time.
Hardy Simpson is indebted to the public school system of Denver for the educa-
tional opportunities which he enjoyed. After finishing the work of the grades he
spent three years as a student in the North Denver high school. He then became
associated with his father in ranching interests. Together they purchased a part of
the present farm, feeling that outdoor life would improve the health of Hardy Simp-
son, who was then not very rugged. As the years have passed on they have increased
their holdings until they now have twenty-six hundred acres. This includes a fine
tract of land on Running creek. The cultivation of the fields is largely carried on
for the purpose of raising feed for their cattle, for cattle raising has long been made
an important feature of their business and for some time they have sold on an aver-
age of three hundred head annually. They also sell from sixty to eighty hogs and
are engaged in raising fine range horses. Theirs is one of the productive farm hold-
ings of the state and the business is most wisely and carefully conducted, bringing
a very gratifying financial return.
In 1911 Mr. Simpson was united in marriage to Miss Lula M. Peterson, who was
born in Colorado and is one of the most remarkable horsewomen in the state. She
780 HISTORY OF COLORADO
was formerly in the saddle every day of her life and she is as adept in cow punching
as any man. A strikingly beautiful woman, dressing as a cowgirl she presents a most
interesting picture and one that might well serve as a study for those artists who
have devoted their slvill to portraying western life.
Among, the valuable citizens and business men that Sweden has furnished to the
city of Denver is Sone Nelson, who has made good use of the opportunities offered
in this country and attained a position of prominence in the mercantile circles. He
was born in December, 1871. and is a 3on of Anderson and Anna C. Nelson, also natives
of Sweden. They were the parents of seven children, of whom Sone Nelson was the
fourth in order of birth. In the acquirement of his education he attended the excellent
public schools of his native country and after having fitted himself thoroughly for a
practical career at the age of twenty he came to Denver, where he soon secured a
position. For four years he was engaged along various lines, but at the age of twenty-
four identified himself witli tlie Silver State Laundry Company. He acquired an in-
terest in the enterprise and today is secretary of this institution. Ever since 1895,
he lias been connected witli the laundry business and in large measure is responsible
for the successful conduct of the business of the company and has done much toward
promoting its continuous growth. The laundry is thoroughly modern in equipment
and its work enjoys the highest reputation. All facilities for prompt delivery are pro-
vided and the service of the Silver State Laundry is known throughout the city as
one of the best. As an officer of the institution much credit is due to Mr. Nelson, who
by his energy, painstaking care and business integrity has helped to build up the
On September 11, 1896, Sone Nelson was married in Denver to Miss Mary E.
Anderson and to this union two children, were born. George R. Anderson Nelson,
whose birth occurred in 189S, is a graduate of the East Denver high school and attended
the Colorado State University until 1917, when his ardent American patriotism prompted
him to enter the officers training camp at Presidio, California, where he is now pre-
paring for active duty at the front Ellen Morine Anderson Nelson, who was born in
Denver in 1900, is a graduate of the manual training school and is now attending the
Colorado State University. The family are prominent in the social life of the city
and enjoy the hospitality of many of its best homes.
In politics Mr. Nelson is independent, following his own judgment in regard to
the support of measures and candidates. He is much interested in the progress and
growth of the city and leaves nothing undone which will contribute to the moral, in-