value of the state for crop production. At length, however, the attention of the country
was drawn to the fact that the supposedly arid lands of Colorado were extremely fertile,
especially when irrigation systems brought water to the fields, and many settlers flocked
HISTORY OF COLORADO 807
therefore to the state and have wrought a marked transformation in its appearance.
Today almost every crop produced in the temperate zone is here successfully cultivated
and Frank Bringe Is among those who are carrying on general farming and stock
raising in Adams county.
He was born in Danville. Illinois, August 29, 1873, a son of Theodore and Lena
(Knack) Bringe. both of whom were natives of Germany. They came to America in
1862 and settled in Danville, Illinois, where they resided for a time, but afterward
removed to Detroit, Michigan, where they remained for nine years. They next took
up their abode in Chicago, where they lived for three years, and in 1888 they
removed to Colorado, settling in Adams county, where both passed away. Their fam-
ily numbered six children, of whom three survive.
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Frank Bringe was a youth of fourteen years at the time the family home was estab-
lished in this state. He acquired a common school education and he continued with
his father during the period of his boyhood and youth. He then turned his attention
to farming and stock raising in Adams county and has since concentrated his efforts
and energies upon agricultural pursuits, being now the owner of three hundred and
twenty acres of good land, all fairly improved. He raises good crops and at the
same time he has a splendid herd of graded cattle upon his place. Both branches of
his business are proving successful and indicate his ability and enterprise In business
In 1901 Mr. Bringe was united in marriage to Miss Albie Hamill, a native of St.
Clair county, Illinois, and a daughter of William and Martha (Douglas) Hamill, who
were likewise natives of the Prairie state and came of Irish and Scotch parentage.
Both the father and mother are now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Bringe have become the
parents of a daughter, Irene Roberta, who was bom July 28, 1902.
Mr. Bringe votes with the democratic party, which he has supported since age
conferred upon him the right of franchise. He has served as school director of his
district for a number of years and is interested in advancing the standards of educa-
tion in his locality. In fact he stands for advancement and progress in all things and
his own career has been marked by successive stages of development that has brought
him to a creditable position among the farmers and stockraisers of Adams county. He
may truly be called a self-made man, for he started out in the business world empty-
handed and has worked his way upward by persistent effort and indefatigable energy.
Today he is in possession of a good property and is numbered among the substantial
residents of his community.
FREDERICK P. JOHNSON.
Frederick P. Johnson is one of the best known newspaper men of Colorado, being
now proprietor and editor of the Record-Stockman of Denver, a weekly paper, which
is largely devoted to the livestock interests of the state and is most widely read. Mr.
Johnson is a native of Crawfordsville. Indiana. He was born September 9, 1862, and
is a son of Mahlon V. and Katherine (Patterson) Johnson. The mother was a native
of Ireland and came to the new world with her parents when a maiden of sixteen years,
the family settling in Indiana, where she was reared and educated. Mahlon V. John-
son was a native of Indiana, his parents having come to America in early life, settling
in the Hoosier state. In the early part of 1871 Mahlon V. Johnson removed to Colo-
rado. Prior to that time he had been a well known civil engineer of Indiana and
he came to the west to assume the superinteudency of bridges and buildings for the
Colorado Central Railroad Company and was thus actively identified with the build-
ing of that railroad system and of other Colorado railroads as well. During his active
life he continued in that line of business but is now living retired, making his home
in Denver at the age of eighty years. His wife was bom in 1837 and is still living in
Denver at age of eighty-one. Their family numbered five children, two of whom died
in early life, those still living being: Arthur P., a resident of Denver; Mrs. E. M. Pease,
a resident of Rye, New York; and Frederick P., of this review.
The last named is the eldest. In his boyhood days he attended the Arapahoe Street
public school of Denver and later became a student in the public schools of Golden,
Colorado. While in school there he and several of his schoolmates operated a minia-
ture gold-panning outfit near Golden. They built a sluice box and panned the gravel
in the creek near the schoolhouse at Golden, actually making a success of the opera-
tion. They sold their ore to the United States mint in Denver, and keeping track of
the money thus secured, they found at the end of their school term that they had taken
808 HISTORY OF COLORADO
more than seven hundred dollars worth of gold dust out of the sands of the creek.
This money was used hy the boys to promote various undertakings in which they were
After leaving the public schools Mr. Johnson attended the School of Mines at
Boulder and also became a student in Wabash College at Crawfordsville, Indiana. On
account of ill health, however, he was obliged to leave that institution before gradu-
ating and returned to Colorado, where he took up civil engineering under Captain E. L.
Berthon over the Loveland pass. He afterward entered the service of the Denver &
Rio Grande Railroad Company as a representative of its engineering department and
worked along the line in survey work across Tennessee pass and over other important
places along the road demanding marked engineering skill. For several years he con-
tinued in the service of the Denver & Rio Grande and afterward was connected with
the Grand Forks & Silverton Line. In 1882, however, he withdrew from civil engineer-
ing work and turned his attention to newspaper publication. He had previously been
connected with the Colorado Transcript, a local Denver daily paper, but after a short
period he had taken up civil engineering, and when he decided to discontinue the latter
work he turned to his first vocation. He secured a position as reporter on the Toledo
Blade at Toledo, Ohio, and was with that journal in various capacities from 1882 until
1889. He then again came to Denver and secured a more remunerative position on the
Rocky Mountain News, with which he was connected for a year. On the expiration of
that period he established the Boulder Camera, which he successfully conducted until
1893, when he sold out, having been appointed chief clerk in the state senate, which
Important position he occupied through several sessions. He then became interested
in a project in connection with the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago and
concentrated his energies upon that enterprise, which was maintained until the fair
closed. Once more he returned to Denver and again accepted a responsible position
with the Rocky Mountain News, with which he remained until 1897. One day, when
on pleasure bent, he was in the neighborhood of the Denver stock yards and then and
there he conceived the idea of becoming a live stock reporter for the paper. He pro-
posed his plan to his superiors, to which they agreed, recognizing the value of his
idea, and from that time he became contributing editor on stock conditions for a
Denver daily. Several small stock papers were being edited at the stock yards at that
time, including the Record and the Stockman. Neither of these was very successful,
however, and in 1900 Mr. Johnson purchased the Stockman and for a few years con-
ducted the paper with moderate success. The Record was his competitor and he ap-
proached the owners with a view of buying or consolidating the two papers. They
agreed to the former and he then renamed the paper the Record-Stockman. The new
journal immediately under his able management became the leading live stock paper
in the state and is today the most widely known paper of the kind in Colorado. It is
splendidly edited, with a view to advancing the live stock interests of the country,
Mr. Johnson closely studying the situation from every possible standpoint and at the
same time he labors to advance the interests of Colorado in general and of Denver
in particular. It was through his efforts that the live stock show was first held. He
advertised it largely throughout the state and drew to it not only a large attendance
from Colorado but from all over the country as well. He also organized the first
Denver Horse Show, which is now looked forward to from year to year as a most im-
portant and interesting event, not only from the standpoint of the livestock raiser
and dealer but also as a social event. Mr. Johnson has lectured in many parts of
Colorado to farmers' organizations on stock raising, discussing many vital subjects
of interest in relation to the raising of sheep, cattle and horses. He has also written
a fine history of the cattle and live stock industry of Colorado. His has been a suc-
cessful business career and yet he has met many difiSculties and obstacles as he has
worked his way upward. He started out for himself at the early age of thirteen years,
wisely utilizing his time and opportunities, and he is today not only at the head of a
very successful live stock journal but has made large and judicious investments in
real estate until his holdings are now extensive and profitable.
On the 26th of May, 1886. Mr. Johnson was united in marriage to Miss Marie
Foley, of Toledo, Ohio, a daughter of James and Margaret Foley, representatives of a
well known and prominent Denver family. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson have become the
parents of a son, Mahlon B., who was born December 31. 1900, in Denver and is now
attending a military academy.
The religious faith of the family is that of the Roman Catholic church, and Mr.
Johnson is identified with the Knights of Columbus. His political allegiance is given
to the democratic party and at one time he served as a member of the state emigration
HISTORY OF COLORADO 809
board, acting as special agent for the United States government on the 1900 census.
He is one of the popular citizens of Denver, standing high in the regard of his fellow
townsmen, his social qualities winning for him high regard and warm friendship
wherever he is known.
Moses Cline, one of Colorado's pioneer agriculturists, having lived since 1869 upon
the farm upon which he now resides in Adams county, has been prominently associated
with the development of its irrigation interests as well as with the cultivation of
the land. He was born in Boston, Ontario, September 19, 1847, a son of John and
Miriam (Barber) Cline. The father was a native of Pennsylvania, while the mother's
birth occurred in Boston, Ontario. John Cline served as a soldier in the War of 1812.
He afterward went to Ontario and both he and his wife died in that province. They
had a family of seven children, six of whom are yet living.
Moses Cline was reared in the place of his nativity and continued his residence
there to the time of his removal to Colorado, which was in the year 1867. He made
his way first to Denver, where he arrived on the 22d of May. There he remained
until 1869, when he purchased the farm which is now his home. With characteristic
energy he began its development and has added many improvements as the years have
passed by. There are now fine buildings upon the place and all the accessories and
conveniences of the model farm of the twentieth century. Well kept fences divide
the place into fields of convenient size and he annually harvests good crops from his
tract of one hundred and twenty acres. Interested in the question of irrigation, he
has for years served as president of the Colorado Agriculture Ditch Company and he
is thoroughly familiar with all of the problems of irrigation and has done much to
promote progress along that line.
Mr. Cline has been married twice. In 1877 he wedded Miss Katherine Baldwin
and to them was born a son, Edwin B., who died in 1881. The wife and mother sur-
vived until 1890, when she, too, passed away. In 1893 Mr. Cline was again married,
his second union being with Miss Anna F. Hotchkiss, who was called to her final rest
Mr. Cline votes with the republican party, and while not a politician in the sense
of office seeking, is Interested in all that has to do with the welfare and progress of
his community. He has served on the school board for fifteen years and the cause
of education finds in him a stalwart champion. He is a self-made man — one who owes
his prosperity entirely to his own eiforts. He started out in life empty-handed and
early recognized the eternal principle that industry wins. Industry therefore became
the beacon of his life and his well directed energies have been the means of bringing
him substantial success.
TRACY R. LOVE, M. D.
Dr. Tracy R. Love, a physician and surgeon of Denver, was born in Washington,
D. C, December 23, 1S78. a son of Charles Gurley and Minnie C. (Tucker) Love. The
father was born in the state of New York, where his ancestors had lived for many
years. For a long period he was chief clerk in the pension department at Washington,
D. C. In 1892 he came to Colorado, where lie was associated with the Colorado Supply
Company until the time of his death, which occurred in the fall of 1907, when he was
fifty-eight years of age. His wife is a daughter of Captain Nathaniel Tucker, who won
his title by service in the Civil war and who was a prominent resident of Chicago.
Mrs. Love is still living. She is a graduate physician and surgeon, having completed
a course in the Howard University at Washington, D. C, and she is today recognized
as one of Denver's leading physicians. By her marriage she became the mother of
three children, a son and two daughters.
Dr. Love of this review, the eldest of the children, was educated in the public
and high schools of Denver, being graduated from the high school with the class of
1898. He next entered the Colorado College, in which he won the Bachelor of Philos-
ophy degree upon graduation with the class of 1902. He then entered Columbia Uni-
versity of New York city and received his professional degree in 1906. He afterward
served as interne in the Englewood Hospital of Englewood, New Jersey, for a period
810 HISTORY OF COLORADO
of eight months and then returned to Denver, where he has since engaged in practice
in connection with Dr. J. N. Hall, a leading physician of the city. He belongs to the
American Medical Association and the Colorado State Medical Society. He is serving
on the staff of the Denver City & County Hospital and is a member of the medical
and surgical staff of the Children's Hospital. He is conscientious in the performance
of all of his professional duties and his wide reading and comprehensive study have
greatly promoted his knowledge and made him most proficient in the conduct of his
On the 6th of September, 1905, Dr. Love was married at Fort Collins to Miss Ger-
trude Amoss, a native of Boulder, Colorado, and a daughter of W. G. and Gertrude
(Bowler) Amoss, who became early residents of this state. Dr. and Mrs. Love have
two children: Blanche Gertrude, born August 2, 1908; and William Amoss, born Jan-
uary 24, 1914.
Dr. Love turns to hunting and fishing for diversion but the major part of his
time and attention are concentrated upon his professional duties and he is most con-
scientious in their discharge.
OLIVER B. GRAVES.
Oliver B. Graves, a well known citizen of Arvada, devoting his attention to the busi-
ness of threshing and well drilling, was born January 27, 1870, being one of the eleven
children of William M. and Elizabeth (Perrin) Graves, who are mentioned at length
elsewhere in this work. Spending his youthful days under the parental roof, Oliver B.
Graves attended the public schools and thus became qualified for life's practical and
responsible duties. He has led a busy and useful life and is now devoting his attention
to threshing, which fully occupies his time during the summer seasons, and to drilling
wells. His work in both connections is promptly and capably done and there is con-
stant demand for his service along those lines.
In March, 1S96, Mr. Graves was united in marriage in Arvada to Miss Gertrude Frey,
a daughter of William and Elizabeth Frey, and to them have been born seven children,
namely: Herbert, Mildred, Louis, Elizabeth, Lucille. John and Walter.
Mr. Graves is a Mason, belonging to the blue lodge No. 141. and is a worthy follower
of the craft, loyally adhering to its teachings. His entire life has been spent in the
community in which he still makes his home and those who know him speak of him in
terms of high regard as an industrious and energetic business man and as a reliable
RICHARD RUSSELL, M. D.
Dr. Richard Russell, of Arvada, Colorado, was the first physician to settle in this
city and since coming to this community he has built up a practice of gratifying pro-
portions, his ability being readily recognized by the public. He is regarded equally
high by his professional brethren and throughout his career he has been successful
in a number of intricate cases which have been entrusted to his care.
Dr. Russell was born in Viola, Illinois, March 8, 1865, a son of Samuel E. and
Effle (Cabeen) Russell. The family located in Illinois in 1842. There the father
followed farming and the mother is still living on the home farm. Richard Russell
attended the Viola public schools and in order to better prepare himself for a profes-
sional career entered Monmouth College, from which he was graduated in 1889 with
the degree of B. S. He then matriculated in Rush Medical College of Chicago but
on account of his health came to this state, where he completed his medical course
in 1900. Since then he has successfully engaged in practice in Arvada and as the
years have passed his patronage has steadily increased. He is a thoroughly reliable
physician, following the most approved methods, yet is ever ready to try out new
ones if he can convince himself of their value. He is careful in diagnosis, but after
reaching a decision follows the course laid down unswervingly. Many dangerous and
desperate cases have been treated by him successfully and it is therefore but natural
that as the result of his professional work material success has come to him.
Dr. Russell is happily married to Miss Estelle Graham, a daughter of G. H. and
Anna (Wells) Graham, of North Denver, where both are widely and favorably known.
The Grahams are a prominent family, as are the Wells. The grandfather of Mrs.
HISTORY OF COLORADO 811
Russell, Elisha Wells, was the owner ot several fine farms. His wife was one of the
descendants of Ezra Cornell, founder of Cornell University. Mrs. Russell before her
marriage was successfully engaged in business and her ability as a business woman
was widely recognized and found high appreciation.
Dr. Russell came to Colorado practically a sick man, but anyone seeing him today
would never know it. He has ever been foremost in the public life of his community,
in the progress of which he has taken a deep interest, and he served as the first mayor
of Arvada, giving it a businesslike administration greatly to the benefit of the com-
munity. He also helped to establish the oiHce of town health officer. He was one of
the organizers of the First National Bank in 1905, and he has ever since served as
a director. It may thus be seen that he is a man who has not only achieved profes-
sional success and professional standing, but one who has taken a public spirited part
in the upbuilding of his city and who is ever ready to aid measures which will pro-
mote the general welfare. His political leanings are toward the republican party
and his religious faith is that^ of the United Presbyterian church, his membership
being with the Denver congregation.
Andrew Jackson, who is field man with the Great Western Sugar Company at
Eaton and by reason of wide experience and ability is making his effort a marked
feature in the success of this great enterprise, was born in Shefford county, in the
province of Quebec, Canada. March 7, 1865. his parents being John and Sybil (Wilson)
Jackson, who were natives of Scotland. The father on coming to America made his
way to Canada about the year 1S60. He there took up the occupation of farming and
cultivated land in that country throughout his remaining days but died in Eaton, Col-
orado, while on a visit in this city in 1892. He had for a considerable period survived
his wife, who passed away about 1879.
Andrew Jackson was reared in Shefford county. Quebec, and pursued his educa^
tion in its public schools. When twenty-two years of age he came to Eaton, Weld
county, Colorado, where he worked for a year. He then rented land from Governor
Eaton, which he cultivated for three years, and on the expiration of that period he
purchased property about four miles northeast of Eaton. At once he began the fur-
ther cultivation and development of that tract and owned and operated it for sixteen
years, at the end of which time he sold out and came to Eaton, where he has since
resided, making this removal largely for the purpose of educating his children in the
city schools. He has held his present position as field man with the Great Western
Sugar Company for the past nine years and is splendidly qualified tor the interests
under his direction. He still owns a farm in the southern part of Weld county but
the greater part of his time and attention is given to his work as a representative of
the sugar interests of Eaton.
On the 7th of March, 1894, Mr. Jackson was united in marriage to Miss Nannie
M. Hensley, whose father died during her infancy, while her mother is living in Eaton
and is now Mrs. C. B. Thomas. To Mr. and Mrs. Jackson have been bom four chil^
dren: Lee, whose birth occurred on the 23d of May, 1899, and who passed away in
August, 1900; Merle, whose natal day was March 4, 1900; Chalmer, born February 23,
1902; and Alfretta, who was born in May, 1904.
Fraternally Mr. Jackson is connected with the Knights of Pythias and his re-
ligious faith is that of the Christian Science church. In politics he votes with the
democratic party and does all in his power to promote its growth and extend its in-
fluence but has never been an office holder.
A. V. OFFICER.
The sugar producing industry is one of the important enterprises of the state of
Colorado and A. V. Officer is prominently connected therewith, being manager ot the
Eden, Greeley, Windsor and Brighton factories of the Great Western Sugar Company.
He is not only responsible for the successful operation of these plants, but by in-
creasing their capacity has improved labor conditions and has contributed to general
development. He was born in Chicago, Illinois, a son of R. M. Officer, who for many
years was prominently identified with the banking business during the early history
of the western metropolis. He also had large lumber interests.
812 HISTORY OF COLORADO
His son, A. V. Officer, was educated in public and private schools and subsequently
attended the Athenaeum Academy of Chicago. Later the family removed to Leadville,
Colorado, in 1879 and when quite yet a young man our subject became identified with
the lumber business, being connected with one of the early companies of Leadville.
Subsequently, however, he turned his attention to the smelting business in Leadville
and for three years was employed by an establishment of this kind. He then served
as cashier of the old Denver Light, Heat & Power Company and afterward in the
same capacity with the Colorado Electric Company, continuing in that position for
five years, from 18S8 to 1893. As his experience broadened the importance of his posi-
tions increased and he subsequently became manager of the Citizens' Electric Company
of Salt Lake City, Utah, with which corporation he remained until the company sold
out its plant in 1S96. In that year he was made manager of the Imperial Light, Heat
& Power Company of St. Louis, Missouri, handling the affairs of this company during
its pioneer and constructive period, and after having successfully launched the busi-
ness he returned to Salt Lake City in 1897. He then was for a period of three years