from Delaware to Illinois during the boyhood of Thomas L. Phillips, who was there
reared and attended the public schools. It was in 1865,' when twenty-one years of age,
that he left the middle west and came to Colorado, taking up a homestead in Elbert
county, a part of which is still a portion of the Phillips holdings of four hundred and
twenty acres near the town of Elizabeth. In the early days he worked in a sawmill
and as a cow puncher for Webber Brothers and he became familiar with all of the
experiences, the hardships, the privations and the opportunities of those pioneer times.
He recalls the Indian scares but was never in an actual fight with the red men. He
remembers, however, that for some years he stacked grain with a loaded rifle near
at hand ready for business. As the years have passed on he has witnessed many
changes in conditions of life and in methods of farming. He has seen the rich, wild
and undeveloped district into which he penetrated reclaimed for the purposes of civili-
zation and it was he who laid out the town of Elizabeth during the early period of his
residence in Elbert county. It is today a thriving and enterprising city, having en-
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joyed substantial growth. In the development of his ranching interests Mr. Phillips
has followed progressive methods. He has placed acre after acre of his land under the
WILLIAM H. FERGUSON
242 HISTORY OF COLORADO
plow and it has been made to bring forth golden harvests as the result of the care
and labor which he has bestowed upon it. One proof of his marked enterprise Is
the present productivity of his land, while the buildings upon his place stand as
monuments to his progressive spirit.
In 18S7 Mr. Phillips was united in marriage to Miss Carolina Olson and to them
have been born a son and a daughter: Arthur Lee Phillips; and Mrs. F. J. Burns,
living at Lincoln, Nebraska.
Mr. Phillips is identified with Denver Lodge, No. 5, A. F. & A. M.. which is the
oldest Masonic lodge in the state, and he has ever been a loyal adherent of the craft,
true to its teachings and the beneficent spirit upon which it is founded. He has ever
been recognized as a man of genuine worth during the fifty-three years of his residence
in this state. There are few who have been connected with the state for a longer
period and he recalls many interesting incidents of the early days when the work of
progress and development seemed scarcely begun, when there were great open ranges
and few fences to indicate that white men had laid claim to the land. The work, how-
ever, has been carried forward in keeping with the progressive spirit that has char-
acterized agricultural life in the last half century and the home place of Mr.
exemplifies what can be accomplished upon the western frontier when there :
to dare and to do.
CHARLES G. McEACHERN, M. D.
Although but five years have come and gone since Dr. Charles G. McEachern
opened an office in Denver, he has won a place as one of the eminent surgeons of the
city, his professional colleagues and contemporaries, as well as the general public, rec-
ognizing the fact that his surgical work is the expression of the latest scientific re-
searches and discoveries.
Dr. McEachern was born in Vaiden, Mississippi, January 24, 1875. His father,
Angus T. McEachern. was a native of Mississippi and a representative of an old and
prominent family of that state of Scotch descent. The founder of the family in
America was Daniel McEachern, who after crossing th* Atlantic established his home
in North Carolina, where he became a planter and slaveholder. His son, Angus T.
McEachern, was reared and educated in Mississippi and he, too, became a successful
planter. With the outbreak of tbe Civil war he espoused the cause of the Confederacy,
joining tbe army as a private when a youth of sixteen years. He resided throughout
his life in Carroll county, Mississippi, and was a respected and valued citizen of that
section of the state. He took a deep interest in political matters and civic affairs and
gave stanch support to democratic principles. His death occurred in August, 1917,
when he had reached the age of seventy-one years. His wife, who bore the maiden
name of Guerring Shipp, is a native of Mississippi and a descendant of an old and
prominent family of that state of Scotch lineage. She yet occupies the old family
homestead in Carroll county, Mississippi, where she reared her family of eight children,
five sons and three daughters.
Dr. McEachern of this review, who was the second son in the family, began his
education in the public schools of Carroll county and afterward attended the West
Point Military School at West Point, Mississippi. He then became a student in the
University of Nashville at Nashville, Tennessee, where he pursued his professional
course, being graduated from the medical department with the class of 1900. His
early life had been spent on his father's plantation and his youthful experiences were
those of the farmbred boy, but after his graduation he entered upon active practice
at Vaiden. whence he removed a year later to Moss Point, Mississippi, continuing in
the latter place until 1913. He then came to Denver, Colorado, where he arrived
on the 1st of June, 1913. While engaged in active and continuous practice in Denver,
he specializes in surgery, to which he devotes his attention exclusively. He Is a
member of the medical staff of the National Jewish Hospital, also of the Denver County
Hospital and of the orthopedic department of the University of Colorado.
Dr. McEachern was married in Chicago, Illinois. October 26, 1905, to Miss Laura
Griffin, a native of Moss Point, Mississippi. Her parents were James Wyatt and
Katherine (McCallum) Griffin, prominent pioneer people of Mississippi. Dr. and Mrs.
McEachern have become parents of two sons: Wyatt Griffin, born October 26, 1908,
at Moss Point, Mississippi; and Charles Malcolm, born in Denver, August 16, 1914.
Dr. McEachern has recently erected a beautiful residence at No. 721 Emerson street
and there he and his family are most pleasantly located.
HISTORY OF COLORADO 243
While in school Dr. McEachern had a most thorough military training and was
captain of Company A. On May 7, 1918, Dr. McEachern was appointed captain in the
medical section of the United States army and has engaged in hospital work in various
camps. He gives his political endorsement to the democratic party. He was made
a member of the Masonic craft ai Vaiden, Mississippi, in 1901 and he belongs to
Colorado Chapter, No. 29, R. A. M., and Denver Commandery, No. 25, K. T. He also
has membership with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being identified with the
lodge at Moss Point, Mississippi. He is likewise connected with the Denver Athletic
Club and his religious faith is indicated by his membership in the Central Presbyterian
church of Denver. Along strictly professional lines he is connected with the American
Medical Association, the Colorado State Medical Society, the Denver City and County
Medical Society and the Tri State Medical Society, which includes Mississippi, Arkansas
and Tennessee, and is also a member of the National Surgeons Association. With a
nature that could never be content with mediocrity, he has put forth every effort to
gain the highest degree of efficiency possible, continually studying along lines of
greatest benefit to professional ability. With purpose strong and steadfast he has
achieved much and the progress that he has already made indicates that his future
career will be well worth the watching.
ALBERT F. SITTLOH.
Twenty years of faithful service and constantly expanding powers have brought
Albert F. Sittloh from a modest position to a foremost place in the Denver Dry Goods
Company, with which he occupies the position of manager of all the woman's apparel
departments. His career has been one of steady growth, illustrating the fact that power
develops through the exercise of effort. It moreover illustrates the possibilities for
successful attainment that lie before every American citizen.
Mr. Sittloh was born in Bartholomew county. Indiana, August 14. 1871, a son of
Henry and Mary (Doesher) Sittloh, both of whom were natives of Indiana, born
in Wayne and Bartholomew counties respectively. The father remained a resident of
that state throughout his life. He was engaged in farming in early manhood and
afterward entered the farm implement business with the firm of Garr, Scott & Com-
pany but passed away in Indiana when but thirty-four years of age. His widow
survives and is now a resident of Richmond, that state. They had a family of four
children, of whom Albert F. is the eldest and one has passed away. The others are
Mrs. George Bartel and Mrs. Fred Heitbrink, both of Richmond. Indiana.
In his boyhood days Albert F. Sittloh attended the public schools of his native
state but when a lad of twelve summers was obliged to go to work. His first employ-
ment was in a dry goods store in Indiana and he continued actively in the dry goods
business until he came to Denver in September, 1898. During this period he had
thoroughly familiarized himself with the business and was considered one of the
ablest representatives of the dry goods trade in his native state. On making his way
to the west he was most favorably impressed with Denver and decided to remain. He
then sought out the largest mercantile establishment of the city in order to secure
employment. He was told by the management that if he would accept a very modest
salary to start with, until they became convinced of his capability, he might go to
work. This he did and il was not long before his powers and understanding of the
business were recognized and promotion followed. Prom time to time he has been
advanced until he now commands a large salary with a company that employs a
thousand people and he is recognized in commercial circles throughout the country
as one of the most valuable men in the dry goods trade, especially familiar with
woman's wear. For a number of years he has been at the head of this department,
which is the largest and most important of the store. He personally did all of the
buying for his departments until the growth of the business made it impossible tor
him to do so and he now has six assistant buyers, who are under his immediate
supervision. • He also has the supervision of hundreds of salespeople, there being ten
departments under his charge. To these he gives the closest attention, carefully watch-
ing every detail of the business as well as principal features. He studies the market
and the public and from the former meets the demands of the latter, with a trade that
is continually growing. Not a little of the success of the Denver Dry Goods Company
in recent years is attributable to his efforts and his capable management of the depart-
ments under his immediate control.
On the 12th of November, 1902. Mr. Sittloh was married to Miss Elma Bartel, a
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Bartel, of Richmond, Indiana, and they now have a
244 HISTORY OF COLORADO
daughter, Jeanne, born In Richmond in 1906 and a pupil in the schools of Denver. In
social circles the family occupies a very enviable position. Mr. Sittloh's efforts have
not been confined to his business alone, for he is a man of pronounced activity along
other lines, especially those contributing to the moral progress of the community. He
has been a foremost factor in the upbuilding of the City and State Sunday School
Associations and was the president of the former and is chairman of the board of
directors of the latter, with an enrolled membership of one hundred and forty thousand
in the state. He is continually studying the problems of the moral education of the
young with the same thoroughness that he brings to bear in solving the problems of
business. He is a member of the Denver Athletic Club, also of the Denver Civic and
Commercial Association and president of the Lions Club and a director of the National
Garment Retailers' Association of New York city. The story of honorable and suc-
cessful achievement is always one that thrills the reader. Such is the record of
Mr. Sittloh. His present financial standing is in marked contrast to his condition
when he started out in life at the age of twelve years, working for a very meager wage.
He entered the employ of the Denver Dry Goods Company at a salary of but ten dollars
per week and today is at the head of large departments which he manages most suc-
cessfully. Notwithstanding the heavy demands made upon his time and attention in
this way, it has been his rule to set apart some time each day for the labors of love
to which he is so devoted. He has constantly striven for the right and from his
early youth has given a large portion of his time to the service of others.
THOMAS JOSEPH McCUE.
In the more recent political history of Colorado the name of Thomas Joseph McCue.
state senator, national committeeman and democratic leader, stands out as that of
one born to the purple of high civic honor. His untimely death on the 9th of August,
1913, deprived the state and the nation of a great lawmaker. Had the word been spoken
in 1911, during the now famous senatorial deadlock of Colorado, Thomas J. McCue
would have been chosen to succeed the late Charles J. Hughes, Jr., in the United States
senate. Some votes were cast for him. An almost unanimous vote of the convention
was his if the party leaders had spoken on the last day of that memorable session,
but he would not even permit his name to be placed officially in nomination.
Thomas J. McCue was born in Sangamon county, Illinois, August 26. 1864. His
parents removed to Chicago two years later and barely escaped with their lives in
the great fire of 1S71. After spending some time in Massillon. Ohio, the family removed
to Council Bluffs, Iowa, where Thomas J. McCue was educated. In 1885 he became
a resident of Kansas and took up a homestead and timber claim comprising three
hundred and twenty acres of land in Thomas county. There he devoted his attention
to agricultural pursuits until 1890. when he went into the lumber business, in which
he and his brother, William P. McCue, were very successful. From 1893 until Jan-
uary, 1896, Thomas J. McCue was receiver at the land office in Colby, Kansas. Where-
ever he lived his ability and intense energy brought him to the front as a leader in
public affairs as well as in business circles.
Although a resident of Denver from 1896, he did not become prominent politically
until 1908, when he was elected state senator from the first district. Durin.? the years
that preceded and followed his election he, associated with his brother, built up one
of the largest lumber companies in the state. He preferred to concentrate his efforts
and attention upon the business rather than upon politics, and keen discernment and
unfaltering energy made theirs one of the most important lumber interests of Colorado.
But with his election to the state senate, Mr. McCue could no longer keep in the back-
ground. He won statewide prominence when he became floor leader for what were
called the Old Guard Democrats, who controlled the seventeenth general assembly.
The great issue of that session was the direct primary law and for three weeks he
led the fight for an assembly feature. It was finally carried with the McCue amend-
ments at an extra session of the legislature. In the democratic state convention of
1911. Mr. McCue became a candidate for national committeeman, was elected and at the
next national convention in 1912 at once assumed a leading position in the party
councils. In the campaign of 1912 his success in bringing together a split party and
winning the election of a United States senator elicited from national leaders of the
party some most complimentary congratulations, including a letter from Josephas
Daniels, secretary of the navy during both administrations of President Wilson. He
was also given great credit for his zealous advocacy of the direct primary law and it
THOMAS JOSEPH McCUE
246 HISTORY OF COLORADO
was Mr. McCue who framed and introduced the joint resolution that gave to Denver its
wonderful mountain park system. Politics to him was a pastime. He played the
game for the pleasure there was in it and for the opportunity it gave him of promoting
public welfare, having no ambition for political honors or gain. Ever possessing the
courage of his convictions, he was a tenacious advocate of what he thought right and
his advocacy of any measure lent it prestige.
Following his return from the democratic national convention of 1912 Mr. McCue
refused to consider a nomination for governor, as he felt that his business required
his attention. He then concentrated his efforts upon the further development of the
lumber trade with notably gratifying success. While a prosperous business man. he
did not live to accumulate. He was liberal and kind-hearted, utterly void of selfishness
and no worthy or deserving cause ever appealed to him in vain. He was an excellent
judge of human nature and he took great pleasure in recommending capable individuals,
his keen sagacity enabling him readily to detect the possibilities and the strength of
business men, and he seldom made a mistake in this way. After his passing his brother,
William F. McCue, assumed his place as head of the lumber business and has vastly
extended it. He. too, has been called to the front in politics, tor in 1918. at Ihe Denver
primary, he was chosen democratic candidate for state senator, standing at the top
of the poll among the candidates for that office. At the same time he directs the impor-
tant business interests which have been built up by the brothers. On the 2d of May. 1917,
he announced a service retirement plan, whereby twenty-yeaf employes who have passed
the age of sixty-flve or thirty-year employes who have passed the age of sixty will be
retired with thirty per cent of their monthly wage. In case of women the retirement
age is ten years less than that of men, the president and directors of the company being
alone exempt from the benefits of this plan.
The widow of Thomas J. McCue is still living in Denver and is prominent in social
and war work, contributing in large measure to the activities which are proving of
such great worth to the country in this hour of crisis. In her maidenhood she was
Catharine M. Grier, a native of Mapleton, Wisconsin. Their marriage was celebrated
at Norton. Kansas,- on the 16th of February, 1898, and their home life was largely
ideal. Mr. McCue was most devoted to the interests of his home, finding his greatest
happiness at his own fireside in the companionship of his wife and their many friends.
His personal qualities were such as made tor friendship among all who knew him. He
was straightforward, reliable and high-minded and he had many sterling traits which
won for him not only the highest regard of those who knew him but also made him
very popular in social circles.
William Ebert, engaged in the raising of alfalfa and also in the live stock busi-
ness, handling cattle quite extensively, is the owner of twelve hundred and eighty
acres of valuable farm land in Adams county. He is a native of Colorado, his birth
having occurred on the 20th of August, 1S71, in what was then Arapahoe county but
is now Adams county, his parents being Ferdinand F. and Kate (Roeder) Ebert. His
father, now deceased, was born in Brunswick, Germany, October 20, 1823, and in 1851
crossed the Atlantic, reaching an American port after forty-eight days spent upon the
water. He did not tarry in the east but made his way at once to the Mississippi valley,
settling in Iowa, where he engaged in farming for seventeen years. He arrived in
Colorado in the spring of 186S and thereafter made his home in what later became
Adams county, to the time of his demise, acquiring a valuable ranch property, on
which he engaged extensively in the raising of cattle and horses. The place is con-
veniently and pleasantly located about fourteen miles east of Denver on the north side
of the Kansas Pacific Railroad. In all of his business affairs Mr. Ebert was energetic
and enterprising and carried forward to successful completion whatever he undertook.
His political allegiance was given to the republican party in the early years of his
residence in America but later he became a stanch advocate of the principles of the
democratic party. He never sought or desired office and served only as a member
of the school board.
On the 27th of June, 1858, Ferdinand Ebert was married to Miss Kate Roeder,
also a native of Germany, whence she came to the United States with her mother in
her girlhood days. Their marriage was celebrated in Iowa and to them were born
three sons and three daughters: Ferdinand F.; George W., living in Salt Lake City;
248 HISTORY OF COLORADO
William, of this review; Mary, the wife of Herman C. Behrens; Annie, the wife
of B. Speier. of Denver; and Helena.
William Ebert pursued a public school education, continuing his studies until
he reached the age of fifteen years. During vacation periods he worked with his
father upon the home farm and was thus engaged until the father's death in 190ft,
when he took over the old home place of twelve hundred and eighty acres and has since
cultivated it on his own account. He is now engaged quite extensively in the raising
of cattle and also in the production of alfalfa. What he undertakes he accomplishes.
He is alert, wide-awake, energetic and his persistency of purpose has also been one
of the strong and salient features in the attainment of success. Everything about his
place is kept in good condition. An air of neatness and thrift pervades the farm and
the Ebert ranch is regarded as one of the attractive features of the landscape.
In politics Mr. Ebert maintains an independent course, nor has he ever been an
aspirant for public office. He has served however, as a member of the school board
and the cause of education finds in him a stalwart champion. He stands for progres-
siveness in public affairs but prefers to concentrate his time and attention upon his
individual business interests, which, carefully directed, have brought to him sub-
MINERVA L. Mccarty.
Minerva L. McCarty, superintendent of schools in Elbert county, is a native of
Denver and a daughter of James and Ella Viola (Johnson) McCarty. Her maternal
grandmother. Mrs. Marcia Johnson, came to Denver with her parents in 1859, the
journey being made with ox team and wagon. Many of the relics of that journey,
including buffalo hides and implements used while en route, were long kept as
mementos by the family. From that time to the present representatives of the family
have been active factors in promoting the substantial development of the community.
Miss McCarty of this review was educated in the schools of Denver and at the
Teachers College of Greeley, being graduated from the latter institution with the class
of 1912. In 1904 she came to Elbert county and took up a homestead in the eastern
part of the county, of which she remained the owner until 1917, when she sold the
property. It was in the year of her arrival in Elbert county that she became actively
identified with its school system. She continued as a teacher from 1904 until 1916,
when she was elected county superintendent of schools on the republican ticket. So
satisfactory has been her record in this connection that in 1918 she was again made the
nominee of the party for the office. She holds to high standards of education, putting
forth every possible effort to improve the schools and advance the curriculum, making
it of the greatest possible worth as a preparation for life's practical duties and respon-
sibilities. She displays a contagious enthusiasm in her work and the results achieved
have been most satisfying.
JOHN P. GRAVES.
John P. Graves, now living retired in California but for. many years actively
identified with ranching interests in Colorado and one of the well known and hon-
ored pioneers of the state, was born in Waynesville. Illinois, October 8, 1848, a son of
Oliver and Lucy (Story) Graves. His father was born in Montpelier, Vermont. March
13, 1813, and in his native town spent the days of his boyhood and youth, but after
his marriage was for some years a resident of the state of New York. He afterward
engaged in the wholesale and retail grocery business in Bloomington, Illinois, remain-
ing in trade there for four years, after which he withdrew from commercial pursuits
and turned his attention to farming. In 1849, attracted by the discovery of gold in