William Anderson.

The Scottish nation; or, The surnames, families, literature ..., Volume 1 online

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HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

This volume is from

THE LIBRARY OF

GAMALIEL BRADFORD VI,

1863-1932, BIOGRAPHER AND ESSAYIST,

GIVEN BY HELEN F. BRADFORD

HAY 24, 1942



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ADVERTISEMENT.



The object of this Work, which is entirely new,
18 to comprise, within a single volume, a chronolo-
gical series of our classical Poets, from Ben Jonson
to Beattie, without mutilation or abridgement, with
Biographical and Critical notices of their Authors.
The contents of this volume are so comprehensive,
that few poems, it is believed, are omitted, except
such as are of secondary merit, or unsuited to the
perusal of youth. The Work, within these bounds,
may be termed a ^ Library of Classical English
Poetry,'' and may safely be recommended to the
heads of Schools in general, and to the libraries of
Young Persons.



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Printcil by A, and R. SpottiswocMlr,

IVintew-Strcct, London. r^^^^T^

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CONTENTS.



R«e



BEN JONSON.



I !• Wniiun Camden 2

Fma Cyntfaia's Revels » ib.

Fpom the SUent Wonuui. » ib.

H««s ih.

Ffitaph on the Countess of Pembroke, Sister *

to Str Riilip Sidnej ib.

On Locy Countess of Bedford 3

Simg «o Celia ib.

To the Sane ib.

From the Siepberd*s Holiday ib.

Love, m little Boy. From the Masque on

Lend Haddington's Marriage ib.

EtHtaph on EUabeth L.H 4



COWLEY.

The Bfottow TinUanda via est, Ste. 6

Hoooor ib.

Of Myadtf* ib.

The Chronicle. A Ballad ib.

AjMcreondcs: cyr some Copies of Verses, trans-
lated poaraphrasticaUy out of Anacreon.

I. Lore 7

II. Drinking ib.

III. Beauty ib.

V. Age 8

VII. Gold ib.

VIIL The Epicure ib.

IX. Another ib.

X. The Grasshopper ib.

XI. TTic Swallow ib.

Elegy upon Anacreon; who was cfaoaked by
a Grape stone. Spoken by the God of

Love 9

OAt, firom Catollus. Acme and Saptimius... 10

The CoMpint fb.

Hymn to uglit 11

Aisainsi Hope 12

For Hope 13

Oaudkn's Old ICan of Verona. ib.

The Wiah ib.

From the Dsvideii 14



MILTON.

I.' Allegro ! 17

H Penseroso 18

Jjfd^ 19

Comus. SI



Fkradise Lost. In Twelve Books.

Book I , 29

H ^ 35

in 43

IV. ^ 49

V 57

VL 64

VIL 70

VIII 75

IX 80

X. 89

XL 97

XII 104

Paradise Regained. In Four Books.

Book 1 109

II 113

III 117

IV. 120

Samson Agonistes; a Dramatic Poem 126

Christmas Hymn 140



WALLER.

To Amoret 143

To the Same ib.

Of Lore ib.

Of the Marriage of the Dwarfs 144

A Panegyric to my Lord Protector, oif the
IVesent Greatness, and Joint Interest, of

his Highness and this Nation ib.

Of Engluh Verse 146

The Siory of Phobus and Daphne applied ... ib.

Song ib.

To Phyllis ^ ib.

On a Girdle 147

To Zelinda ib.

To a Lady ib.



DRYDEN.

Annus MirabiHs : the Year of Wonders, 1 666. 149
Alexander's Feast : or, the Power df Music

An Ode in honour of St CedUa's Day ... 160
Psiamott and Ardte : or, the Knight's Tale.
In Three Books.

Book 1 163

II 16^

IIL 171

The Wife of Balh, her Tale 179

Hie Character of a Good Ptfson 183

Theodore and Honoria 184

Religk) Laid. An Epistle 187

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To Sir Godfrey Kitdkr, prindiMa Funter to
His Majesty 191

The Cock wad the Fox: or, the Tale of the
Nun's Priest 19S

Tlie Flower and the Leaf: or, the L«ly in
die Arbour 198

Cymonand Ipbigcnia... SOS



J. PHILIPa

The Splendid ShilUng 208

Cyder : a Poem, in two Books.

Book I ^ 209

II 215



PARNELL.

A Fairy Tale, in the ancient Engliidi Style ... 221

A Night-Piece on Death 223

The Hermit ^4

Hfsiod: or, The Ilise of Wmnan 226

An Allegory on Man 227

Hm Book-Woon 228



ROWE.

CMia's €omplafait A Song ^ 230

The Contented Shepherd. To Mrs. A

D—^ afterwards liis Wife ^. 231

A Song. Ah! Willow. To the Same in her



CONTENTa

Fsg*



ADDISON.

A Letter from Italy to the Riglit Hon. Charles

Lofd Halifiu, in the year 1701 232

The Campaign. A Poem 234

To Sir Godfh^ KneQer, on his Picture of the

King 237

»oaFtalmXXin. ^ 238



PRIOR.



Henry and Bamu A Poem, upon the Model

of the Nuu Brown Maid

Alma: or, the Progress of the Mind. In
Three Cantos.

Canto L

IL

Ill

Solomon on the Vanity of the World. A Poem,
in Three Books.

Book I. Knowledge

II. Pleasnre

III. Powar

The Thief and the Corddier. A Ballad

A Song

The Garland

An English P^lock

A Song

The Female Phaeton

The Despairing Shepherd

An Ode

The Lady's Looking-Gbuv. In imitatioa of
a Gret^ IdylUum



240



246
249
253



258
264
272
279

ih.
280

ib.
281

ib.

ai.

ih.

282



P^<«»



GAY.



Rural Spork A Geofgic In Two Cantos.

Canto 1 284

II 286

Trivia: or, the Art of walking the Streets of
London. In Three Books.

Book I. Of the Implements for Walking
the Streets, and Signs of the

Weather 287

IL Of Walking the StreeU by Day 289

IIL Of Walking the Streetsby Night 294

Sweet William's Farewell to Black-cyed Susan 297

A lUllad, from the What^e.^Ut ih.

Fal>lc. The Goat witliout a Beard 298

Fable. The Universal Apparition ............ ib.

Fable. The Jugglers..... .... 299

Fable. The Hare and many Aionds ib.

The Shepherd's Week. In Six IVuttorab ...... 300

Monday; or, the Squiibblc SOI

Tuesday: or, the Ditty 902

Wednesday; or, the Dun^ 308

Thtusday; or, the SpcU SOS

Friday ; or, the Dirge • 306

Saturday; or, tlie Flights SOS

Fable. The Farmer's Wife and the lUwcn... 809
Fable. The Turkey and the Ant ib.



GREEN.

The Spleen. An Epistle to Mr. Cutlibcrt
Jackson 310

On Barclay^s Apology for tliu Quakers 317

The Seeker ib.

The Grotto. Written by Mr. Green, under
die name of Pvtcr Drake, a fislivrman of
Brentford ., 318

Hie Sparrow and Diamond. A Song 320



TICKELL.

Colin and Lucy. A Ballad 321

To the Earl of Warwick, on tlic Dtuth of Mr.

Addison 322

An Imitation of the Propbeny uf Nereus.

From Hoiace. Book II. Ode XV. 323

An Epistle frmn a Lady in England to a

Gentleman at Avignon iK

An Ode, inscribed to the Earl of Sunderhind

at Windsor 325



HAMMOND.



Etegy



SOMERVILE.



The Chase. In Four Books.

Book L

IL

Ill

IV.



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326



328
331
335
340



POPS.



CONTENTS.



Fi«e



■vplMMn, Book IX.
HtmunH and Pomoi



IL



III.
IV.



Tte Bapeof the Lock. An Htroi.Coaiiad
Fbenu In Fho Cutoi.

CbnlD L S46

IL S47

in. 94S

IV. 349

V. 351

FhOogiie to BIr.Addinn*! Tki^y oTCato 35S

BoinlDAbdard ib.

Vm Temple of Fame 355

Hk Pyble of Dryope. Rram Grid's Mete-

Book IX. 359

Froin the samei

Book IV. 3«)

Ab Imsf on Man. In Four EpisdeB.
E^Me L Of the Nature and Slate of Ifan

with respect to the UniTerw 361
Of tbe Nature and State of Man
with respect to Himself, aa

an Individual 363

Of the Nature and State of Man

with req»ect to Sodety 366

Of tbe Nature and State of Man
with reqiect to Happiness ... 368
Mofsi EsMqpi. In Ftve Epistles to several
Fbsoos.
^Mde L Of tbe Knowledge and Cha-

ractersofMen 372

IL Oftbe Caiaracteraof Women 374

IIL On tbe Use of Riches 376

IV. Of the Use of Riches 379

V. To Mr. Addison, occasioned by

bis Dialoguea on Medals... 381
Ep^le to Dr. Aifauthnot, bong the Pirologue

totheSsdnss 382

Mnosh, a Sacred Edogue^ in imitation of

Vii^ri PolUo 385

Skgy to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady 386

Se. ib.

£phde to Robert Earl of Oxford and Earl
Moctimcr 388

SWIFT.

Cdcmisand Vanessa 390

SteOa't Binb.day 397

Tbe JoiffDal of a Modem Lady, in a Letter to
a PenoB of Quality ib.

Od the Death of Dr. Swift 399

Baadi sad Fhifemon. On the ever-lamented
loM of the two Yew-trees in the IVuish of
ddthone, SometseL Imitated from the
Sighth Book of Ovid. 403

A DsMiiption of the Morning 405

TWGuDd Question Debated: Whether Ha-
leihon's Bawn should be turned into a Bar-
ndc era MakJiouse ib.

OaBMtiy: a Bhapaody 406

A Dfsrnp i iuu of a Oty-Sbower, in imitation
flf Virgil*B Georgica ......: 410

Hfloce, Bock IIL Ode IL To the Earl of
Odbri, lata Lord Treasurer. Sent to him
«b(a ia the Tower

IKHims's Petition

1*0 As Ead of Petcrfoorow, who commanded
iu British Foroes in Spam

IW FmpaH of Poetry



THOMSON.



Rige



411
ib.

41?
ib.



Hie Seasons:
Spring



415

424

Autumn 437

Winter 447

Hie Castle of Indolence : an Allegorical Poem.
In Two Cantos.

Canto 1 457

II 463

Ancient and Modem Italy compared . being

die First Ptet of « Liberty,** a Poem 469

Greece : being the Second Pkirt of «< Liberty,** 472
Rome : being the Third Part of « Liberty,*' 477
Britain: being the Fourth Pkrt of <*IiMy/* 482
Hw Pkospect: being tbe Fifth Pirt of

** Liberty;* 492

Ode 498

ib.

a>.

499

ib.



Hw Happy Man
Song



Ode

Hymn on Solitude ib.

To the Rev. Mr. Murdoch, Rector of Strad-
duOiall, in Suffolk ..*..' ib.



A. PHILIPa

To the Earl of Dorset 500

A Hymn to Venus, from the Greek of Sappho 501
A Fragment of Sappho ib.



COLLINS.

Ode to Pity 5^2

Ode to Fear « 503

Ode, written in the year 1746 ib.

Ode to a Lady, on the Deetli of Col. Charles

Ross, in the Action at Fontenoy 504

Ode to Evening ib.

Ode to Liberty 505

Thle Passions, an Ode for Mosic.... 50n

Dirge in Cymlieline .". 507

An Ode on tlic popular Superstitions of the
Highlands of Scotland; considered as tlie

Subject of Poetry ib.

Ode on tbe Death of Mr. Thomson 509



DYER.

Granger Hill 511

The Ruins of Rome 512



SHEN8TONE.

The Sdiool-Mistress. In Imitation of Spenser 517
Elegy, describing the sorrow of an ingenuous
mind, on the melancholy event of a licen-
tious amour 520

A Pastoral Ballad. lu Four Paits.

Part L Aljsence. 521

IL Hope ib.

IIL SoUcitude. 522

IV. Disappointment ib.

-pw Dying Kid ,...». 525

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CHURCHILL.



CONTENVa
Fi«e



Hic RoKud „. 584

YOUNG.

A FM^hrase oo Purt of the Bookof Job..<«. 533
Tlie Complaint : or, Nigbt-TboughlB.

Night the First : on Life, Dcii^ attd UA^

mortality «« *^ ^7

Night the Second: on TlnM, UeiKhf and

Friendship <«.4.^ 540

Night die Third : Narcisia ^^h 545

Night the Fourth : the Chrfatiaa Triu«|>h t 549

Night die Fiftli: the RcUq»e...... ....u. SBS

Night die Sixdi : die Infidei Redann^d. In

Two Parts. Fkrt I *«»«.. 563

Night the Seventh : the Infidel Reclaimed.

Fart II - 57(>

Night the Eighth : Virtue's Apology ; or,

the Man of the World answered 588

Night the Ninth and Last: the Consola-
tion *.««..««« «. 59S

Love of Fame, the Universal FMslon^ In
Seven Characteristics] Satiros.

Satire 1 610

II 612

III 614

IV. 616

V. 618

VL ....« 623

VIL 627



AKENSIDE.

Hie Pleasures of Imagination. A Pocn^ in
lliree Books.

Book I C31

II 635

III 641

Ode to the Right Honourable Francis Earl of

Huntingdon 646

Hymn to the Naiads 648

Ode to the Riglit Rev. Benjamin, Lord Bishop
of Winchester 650



GRAY.

Hymn to Adversity 653

Elegy written in a Country Churdi-Yard ... ib.

Tlie ProgrcMs of Poesy. A Pindaric Ode.... 654

Ode on the Spring 655

Ode for Music 656

Ode on the Death of a favourite Cat, drowned

in a Tub of Gold Fishes 657

Ode on a distant Prospect of Eton College ... ib.

The Bard. A Pindaric Ode 658

The Fatal Sisten. An Ode 660

The Descent of Odin. An Ode 661

The Triumphs of Owen. A Fragment ...... ib.



SMOLLETT.

The Tears of Scotland 663

Ode to Leven- Water ib.

Ode to Independence 664



LYTTBLTON.



P^



Hie FMgMfe <if L«va* In Faar Bdoguas.

Eclogue I. Uncertainly##»*.«.«««««.... G€6

IL Hope 4 €67

III. Jealousy 4, eCB

IV. Possession 4..#..... €69

Tb the Rev. Dr. Ayscougli, at Oxfotd ., ib.

Song 4 670

BOag «««.«. ««.««*««Ma^.#.(»*««*^ tf..*^**. ••«.•..•• oTl

Sang .....••. ..••••...fo*...*.. ib%

Tq die Memory of the first Lad^ Lyttelton^
A MoBody «««.«.«*4r«M #M«»^* «••'•• fbm

60LD9MITH.

The IVmvelleri or^ a PiratpaM of Sodaly ... 67.1

The Deserted Village „ ^....«.. 678

Hm Hermit. A Ballad — „^ 681

RetaUadon. A Potn ^ 4 682

Stanaas OB Woman. Firom the Vicar of Wake-

field „.„., ^ 684

-.«*. ib.



JOHNSON.

London: a Fbem. In imitation of the Third

Satire of Juvenal .' 686

The Vanity of Human Wishes. In imitation

of the Tenth Satire of Juvenal 688

Prologue, spoken by Mr. Garrick, at the open-

mgofdieTheatre.Royal, Drury-lane^ 1747, 691
Ontbe Deadi of Bfr. Robert Levet, a Pkactiser

in Physic ib*

ARMSTRONG.

The Art of preserving Healdi. In Four Books.

Book L Air 693

IL Diet 696

III. Excreise 700

IV. The Passions 704

J. WARTON.

Ode to Fancy 710

Verses, written at Montauban in France 711

T. WARTON.

Ode to die Fu^ of April 713

Ode. llie Crusade ib.

The Progress of Discontent 714

Inscription in a Hermitage, at Ansley Hall,

in Warwickshire ». 715

Ode. The Hamlet 716

Ode sent to a Friend,' on his leaving a fa-
vourite Village in Hampshire ib.

Ibe Pleasures of Melancholy 717

MASON.

Ode to Memory * 720

Ode to Independency •*• 721

Elegy on the Death of a Lady 7iJ2

Epitaph on Mrs. Mason, in the Cadiedrsl of
Bristol fc.

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COWP£R.

Boadicea. An 06e 784

Heroism • •• ib*

On the Receipt of my Mother's Picture out of
Norfolk, the Gift of my Cousin Ann Bod-



726
727



Frimdsfaip ...•«...*••.••«.•••••••••• •••

Retirement ....••....••••••••••••• •••••••

TW Task. In Sa Books.

Book I. The Sofa 733

IT. The Time-Fiece 739

IIL The Garden 746

IV. The Winter Evening 752

V. The Winter-Morning Walk 758

VL The Winter Walk at Noon 764

T^radnimn : or, a Review of Schools 77S



CONTENTS. vii

P9fS^ Page

Table-Talk. 779

Conversation 7A4

Verws supposed to be written by Alexander
Selkirk, during his solitary Abode in the

Island of Juan Femandei 791

John Gilpin 792

725 An Epistle to Joseph Hili^ Esq. 794

Yardlcy Oak ib.

The Castaway 796



BEATTIE.

The Minstrel : or, The Phigress of Genius.
In Two Books.

Book 1 798

IL 802



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BENJAMIN JONSON.



JDsavAjfnr JoysoK, (or Jbhason,) a po«(^ who,
daring Ule, wttirined a dkcinguished cfaaraetfir, was
the pcthninou* son of a darj^rman in Wcttminater,
■ihtii be was bom in 1574, about a month after his
Aiber'a decease. His fiunilj was originally fttxn
UroriaiMJ, wbenoe his grandfather reroorad to Car-
fisla, hi the leign of I&nry VIII.

Benjamin reoeiTed his education under the learned
Camden, at Westminster school ; and had made
cxtnordinary pr o gre s s in hb studies, when his mo-
I who had married a bricklayer for her second
\ took him away to work under his step-
Fkom this bumble emjdoyment he escaped,
bj enlisting as a soldier in the army, then senring in
the Netholuids against the Spaniards. An exploit
winch be here perfbnned, of killing an enemy in
aisigle combat, gave him room to boast ever after of
n degree of courage which has not often been found
iQ ainanfr with poetical distinction.

On his return, Jonson entered himself at St.
Jolm'a CoUe^ Gsmbridge, which he was shortly
obliged to quit from the scanty state of his finances.
He then tnmed his thoughts to the stage, and
appBad ftr em|doyment at iSnB theatres; but his
taWnts, as an ador, could only procure ibr him
aihinasBwi at an obscnre playhouse in the subuiba.
Here be had die misfortune to kill a feUow-actor
■a a ikidy tor which he was thrown into prison.
The slala of mind to which he was here brouebt,
gane Ibe advantage to a Popish priest in convertmg
IJDifto Ibe Catholic fiuth, under whidi religion he
tuliniind Ibr twdre years.

After his libcrstion ftom prison, he married, and
ifptifid in earnest to writing Ibr the stage, in which
ba appaan to have already made seretal attempts.
Wm comedy of ** Every Man in his Humour," the
ftnt of bis acfcnowladged pieces, was perfimned with
» in 1596 ; and henceforth he continued to
a pb^ JMriy, till his time was occupied by
of ^ masques and other enter-
by which the accession of James was
Dryden, in his Essay on Dramatic
Poetry, speaks of him as the ** most learned and
jwftcMMs writer vrfaicfa any theatre ever had," and




gives a particular examination of his << SQent Wo-
man," as a model of perfection. He afte fw aids ,
however, seems to make larve deductions from tUa
commendation. " You sekkan (says Dryden) find
him auiking love in any of his scenes, or endeavour*
ing to move the pasrions ; his genius was too sullen
and saturnine to do it araoefully. Hamour was hia
proper sjphten; and m that he delighted most to
represent medianics." Besides his comedies, Jonson
c oi p os nil two tragedies, Sejanus and Catiline, both
fomied upon ancient models, and full of trans-
lations; Slid neither of them suooessftd. Hbthra-
matic compositions^ however, do not come vrithin
the scope of the present publication.

In 1616, he published a folio volume of his works,
which procured for fahn a grant from his mijesty of
the salary of poeUlaureat for lifo, though he dUd not
take poss es s i on of the post till three years after.
With biffh intellectual endowments, he had many
unamialue traits in his character, having a hi^ de-
gree of pride and sdf-conceit, with a disposition to
abuse and disparsffe every one who incurred his
jealousy or disp l easure. Jonson was reduced
to ne cessito us circumstances in the laUer part of
his lifo, though he obtained from Charles L an ad-
vance of his salary as hnirfeat. He died in 1667, at
the age of 63, bring at that time considered as at the
head of Englidi poetry. He was interred in West-
minster Abbey, where an inscription was placed over
his grave, fomiliarly expresrive of the reputation
he S$d acquired among his countrymen: it was,
<< O rare Ben JoiMon." Six months after hb death,
a collection of poems to his honour, by a number
ofthemostemiiMnt writers and sdiolars in the na-
tion, was publisbed, with thetitlfr of « Jonsonius
Virtus; or the memory of Ben Jonson, rerived by
" lie Musea..''



the Friends of the]

Although, as a general poet^ Jonson for the most
part merits the character of harsh, frigid, and tedious;
there are, however, some strains in which he appears
with singular elegance, and may be placed in com-
petition with some of the most fovoured writers of
thatcbMs.



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J0N80N.



TO WILLIAM CAMDEN.

Oamdcit, most reverend head, to whom I owe
All tlMt I am in arta» all tint I know.
(How nothing *8 that !) to whom mj oountiy owes
The great renown^and name wherewith ihe goes.
Tlian thee the age eeee not that thing more graTe,
More high, more holy, that ihe more would crave.
What namei^ what skill, what ^ith hait thou in

things!
What sigiit in searching the most antique springs !
What weight, and what authority in thy speech !
Mas scarce cftn make that doubt, but thou canst



Pardon ftce truth, and let thy modesty.
Which oooquers all, be once o'er-coine by thee.
Many of thine this better could, than I,
Bat fiir their powers, accq>t my piety.



rmoM ctiithia's uctkls.

QpKKir and huntress, chaste and ftir.
Now the Sun is laid to sleqi ;

Seated in thy stiver chair.
State in wonted manner keep :

Hesperus m treats ti^ light.

Goddess ezcallendf bright.

Earth, let not thy envious shade

Dare itself tointeqxiee; .
Cynthia's shining ori> was made

Heaven to clear, when day did dose ;
Bless us then with wished sight,
Godd e s s excellently bright.

Lay thy bow of peari apart.
And thy crystal-shining quiver ;

Give unto the flying heart
Space to breathe, how short soever :

Thou that mak'st a day of nigh^

Goddess ezodlently bngfat.



raOX TBM SILBMT WOMAW.

Smx to be neat, still to be drest,
Asjrou were going to a ftast ;
StiU to be powdered, still perfbm'd:
Lady, it b to be presum'd,
Though art's hid causes are not fbund.
All bnotsvreet, all b not sound.
Give me a look, give me a Iboe,
Hiat makes simplicity a grace ;
Robes loosdy flowing, hdr as free :
Such sweet neslect more taketh me.
Than all th* adulteries cf art ;
Thtf itrike mine eyes, but not my heart.



XAOS.

1. I BAvi been, aU day, looking after

A raven, fteding upon a quarter ;

And, soon as she tum'd her beak to the south,

* snatch'd thb morsel out of her mouth.



2. Ihavebeen
Hie mad-dogs'
The spurgings of a
And all since the



_ wolves* hahri,
and the adders* ears ;
'seyes,
did rise.



3. I, last night, lay all alone

O* the ground, to hear the mandrake groan ;
And i^uck'd him up, though he grew ftill low ;
And, as I had done, the cc^ did crow.

4. And I ha' been choosing out thb skull,
FWxn chameUhouses, that were full ;
From private grots, and public pits.

And frighted a sexton out of hb wita.

5. Under a cradle I did creep,

By day ; and, when the child was asleep.
At night, I suck'd the breath ; and rose.
And pluck'd the nodding nurse by the



7. A murderer, yonder, was hung in diains,
The sun and the wind had shrunk hb veins ;
I bit off a sinew, I clipp'd hb hair,

I brought off hb rags, that danc*d i* the air.

8. The screedi-owls* eggs, and the feathers black.
The blood of the frog, iml the bone in his back,

I have been getting ; and made of his skin
A purset, to keep sir Cranion in.



Online LibraryWilliam AndersonThe Scottish nation; or, The surnames, families, literature ..., Volume 1 → online text (page 1 of 185)