William Babcock Weeden.

Early Rhode Island; online

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Bates, Richard 100 dinance in Providence, 86;
Beds and bedding, 122, 125; see disputes with Connecticut set-
also inventories tied, 218
Beecher, Lyman 2'0 Bowen, Captain Ephraim 244
Beef 101, 115 Bowen, Dr. Jabez 202, 332
Beer, 54; use of diminishes 189 Bowen, Rev. William 279
Bellomont, Lord 183, 184 Brattle, Mary 106, 107
Bellows, Mary 100 Bread 54
Bennett, S 108 Brenton, Governor William 58,
Berkeley, Dean 146, 267, 268, 270 176

Bernon, Gabriel 35, 138, 208, Bridge, built over the Weybos-

209, 231 set, 41, 88; over the Moshas-

Bernon, Emanuel, negro, 224, suck, 77; over the Pawcatuck,

225; inventory of, 264 138

Bernon, Eve 343 Brinley, Francis 80, 180, 184

Bernon, Mary, negress S&l Bristol, slave trade at, 90

Bible, the, 91, 111, 118, see in- Brown, Arthur 276

ventories Brown, Chad 30, 35, 41, 42

Bills of credit 186, 211, 237, 238 Brown, Elisha 349

Bill of divorce 55 Brown, " Four brothers," 22$,

Bill of lading, for sloop Sally 250, 252, 263, 316, 333

319 Brown, Geoorge 262

Blacksmith 66, 284 Brown, James 221, 222, 2'23, 227,

Blackstone, William 134 228, 250, 252, inventory of, 234

Blackstone, John 214 Brown, John 22, 250, 251, 252,

Blandin, William 117 253, 316, 320, 333, 336, 338,

Blast Furnace 330 339, 345, 346, 352*, 357, 358

Block Island, 71 130; vessels Brown, Joseph 252, 333, 337

built at, 293, 294 Brown, Martha, inventory of,

Block Island "turkey" 293 344

Bluefield, the pirate 65 Brown, Moses 42, 188, 227, 228,

Boats, travel by 12'2 230, 234, 245, 246, 252, 333

Bogman, Jacob, orders sup- Brown, Nathaniel 193, 194, 230,

plies for his plantation 320 232, established ship-building

Books 91, 110, 245, 246, 273; industry 114

see also inventories Brown, Nicholas 228, 244, 332,

Bookstore, first 246 333, 338, 345, 346, 352

Borden, Mary 200 Brown, Nicholas and Company

Borgeaud, Dr. quoted 5, 6, 13 250, 316, 317, 318, 319, 321,

Boston 12, 36, 38, 41, 47, 58, 80, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 335,

106, 181, 187, 2'23, 268, 276 345, 348, 350, 352



Index 365

Brown, Obadiah, 189, 227, 228, Carter, John, buys Providence
250, 252, 316, inventory of, Gazette 323

197, 263 Catering, first in Providence 224

Brown, Robert, inventory of, 2*90 Cattle, prices of 42, 56, 101 ;

Brown, Samuel 22 ear-marks of 54, 75, 142, 182;

Browne, Jabez 217 right of pasturaage for, 91;

Brown University, see Rhode stray, 130; see also inven-
Island College tories

Bryant, Ruth 269, 270 Census, first official 185; ordered

Buckles, first record of silver by Board of Trade, 190;
shoe, 143; gold and silver, 254, King's census taken, 219
312 Chace, Samuel 246

Bull, Henry 51 Champlin, Captain Christopher

Bull, Katharine, inventory of, 148
141 Champlin, Tony, inventory of

Bunday, Mary, inventory of, 166 169

Burnyeat, John 175 Charles II 8, 11; gives southern

Burial grounds 36, 128, 129 Narragansett to Connecticut,

Burroughs, James 317 69; favors colony of Rhode

Butter, price of 101, 102, 115, Island, 174, 184

Charles, William 55

124 Charter, accepted by Rhode Is-
land, 5; of Charles II, 8; of
Massachusetts Bay, 12; defin-
ition of ordinary, 16; of royal,
16; secured by Williams, 43;
demanded by Andros, ISO
47, 135 Checkley, William, inventory of

Candles, bayberry 100; house 350

and lot sold by, 109; made by Cheese, an export, 115; manu-
hand 2'22; sperm, 331 facture of in Rhode Island,

Canonicus 28, 39, 51, 91, 101, 151 152, 156; bequeathed in will,

Carew, Dr. Samuel, inventory of 172
341 China, see inventories

Carpenter, Ephraim 101, 123, Church, Captain Benjamin 178
209 Church, separation of law and,

Carpenter, Esther Bernon 302 20; First Baptist, 35, 37, 135;

Carpenter, James 282, 284 good done by the, 117; of

Carpenter, Mehitable, inventory England, 138; first Congrega-
of 322 tional, 207; St. John's, built,

Carpenter, Sarah, inventory of 208; in Providence, 231

243 Cider 209

Carpenter, William 87, 123 Citizenship, curious form of 56

Carter, Edwin 187 Clark, Elisha, inventory of 312



318
Buttons, silver
Button wood tree


124

101


Cadman, William
Calvin, John
Calvinism, defined
Cambridge


181

6, 7, 96

7

47, 135



366 Index

Clark, Jeremiah, inventory of Community, developed by Wil-
164 liams, 11; evolution of plan-
Clark, Thomas 106, 107 tations into, 131
Clark and Nightingale, mer- Conanlcut, ferry to 137, 156
chants, 246, 324 Congdon, William, inventory of
Clarke, Dr. John 50, 59, 64, 69, 290

70, 71, 89, 93, 101, 116, 359, Congregationalism 7, 58, 59, 244
death of, 98 Conland, Alice, inventory of 177
Clarke, Nicholas, inventory of Connecticut, 1; contrasted with
349 Rhode Island, 6, 25; an ex-
Clarke, Governor Walter 180 ample of Puritanism, 16; be-
Clausen, John 84 ginnings of government in, 17,
Clerk, Town, 32; "of the mea- 18, 19, 20, 21; Charter for
suers," 54; of the market, 120 southern Narragansett given
Cloth 111, 113, 115, 127, see also and repealed, 69; boundaries
inventories between Rhode Island and, 71,
Coal 285 219; disputes with Rhode Is-
" Coaster's Harbor" 57 land, 94; claims jurisdiction
Coddington, Arnold, inventory extends to Narragansett Bay,

of 243 134, 136

Coddington, William 45, 48, 51, Conscience, freedom of, 7; con-

58, 59, 61, 62, usurpation of, cern for, 44

64, 65, 97; death of, 106; in- Constitution, first written 17

fluence in the colony, 132 Constitution Hill 34

Code of laws, 31 ; formed by Cook, George, inventory of 139

General Assembly, 43; made Cook, Nicholas 332

by Coddington, 106 Cooking of cornbread 285

Coke 5 Cooper, Thomas, 100, will of,

Colvill, Bethiah, inventory of 127

140 Copley, the artist 150

Commerce, well-established, 65; Copper pennies 217

of Newport attracts Jews, 69; Corn, scarcity of, 64; corn

religious organization depend- grown, 152; price of, 182; ex-

ent on growth of, 83; with portation of forbidden, 215;

Barbados, 114 ; increase of, stored by Indians, 285; corn-

130, 132, 175, 186, 233; slavery husking a festival, 307

a factor in, 187; rapid growth Correy, William 56, 178

of, 194, 265, 330, 331, 335, 346; Costume, of Rowland Robinson,

at Newport, 275 160; of Nicholas Gardiner,

Common Lands, 55 ; privilege of 309 ; of " Parson " Fayer-

pasture on, 75; right of pro- weather, 313

prietors to vote on, 84; Cotton, Rev. John 14, 22, 46, 48,

troubles over, 95, 182; afford 49, 78

exports, 195 Cotton wool 101, 123



Index 367

Court, First American Court of Dexter, Mary, inventory of 257

Assistants convened, 12; Gen- Distilleries in Rhode Island 189,

eral Court organized, 115; 222

"Ancient Court of last He- Dorr, Henry C. quoted 33, 34,

sort> » n1 40, 73, 81, 83, 85, 100, 101, 104,

Crandall, Astress 233 114, 131

Crawford, Mrs. Abijah, inven- Dudley, Governor Josiah 13, 14,

torv f 34.2 44, 47, 48, 184, 185

Crawford, ffreelove, inventory Dunbar, George, inventory of

of 196 255

Crawford, Gideon, 114, 129, 194, Durfee, Job 1, 63, 64

195 209, 232; inventory of, Durfee, Thomas, defines soul-

196 ' liberty, 3; states criticisms of

Crawford, Captain John, inven- Williams, 26

tory f 200, 209 Dwellings, type of, 66, 73, 1*0;

Crawford, Major William, in- historic, 66, 74, 121; descrip-

ventory of 201 tion of better class, 166, 171;

Culverwell, Thomas, has first changes in type of, 221

fulling mill 139 Dyre, Mary, 35, 51, 67, is exe-

Currency, see Money cuted, 68 „„„, - „.

Curry, Robert, chosen "Town Dyre, William, 35, 67, 118; in-

Sarjant" 212 ventory of, 254

Dair ; es 152 Earle, William 178

Day, Joshua 335 Ear-marks, of cattle 54, 75, 143,

Deeds, from Williams to plan- 155, 182

ters, 29; of " Pawtuxet pur- Easton, Nicholas 5<, 89, 1-5

chase'" 37 Edd y' Barnard 319

Deerskins exported 115 Education 158, 245,347, 348

Delpech, James 146 Endicott, John 2f' T^' *

Democracy, constituted in Rhode England 5, 15, 19, 24, 39 43, ,70,
Island, 1; of Providence es- 79, 83, 88, 89, 103, 180, 274
tablished, 8; practical, devel- Emerson, R. W 19

oped by Williams, 11; work- Emigration, to Rhode Island, of
ings of, in New England, 13; Jews, 69; of Huguenots, 137,
at Portsmouth, 53; Newport 208

is a, 58; various movements Episcopalians in Rhode Island
tending toward, 82, 159 138, 207

Dennis, Captain John 227 Europe 5, 7, 70 176, 225 246

Dexter, Aaron 84 Exports, from Rhode Island,

Dexter, Abigail 100 114, 152, 176, 193, 210; grow

Dexter, Gregory 35, 78, 83, 84 less, 307
Dexter, John 118, 119, 124; in-

ventory of, 198, 325 Fairs, held in Providence 120



368 Index

Families, prominent in Rhode Freeborne, William 55

Island, 150 Free-holders, differences between
Faneuil, Feter 191 proprietors and, 84, 101 ; con-
Farming, methods of 131, 152, troversy between Harris and,

154 91

Farming utensils, 42, 57, 153, Freeman, Captain Isaac 189

154; see also inventories Free-masonry, three first degrees

Fayerweather, Rev. Samuel, 291, of brought by Jews to Rhode

295, 296, 2"98, 312; inventory Island, 69

of 313 Funeral, details of 160, 164, 289

Fenner, Major Thomas 121, 212, Furnace, Hope 329, 331, 335

2*20 Furniture 57, 74, 124, 200; see

ffenner, Arthur, 75, 92, 93, 103 also inventories

116, 119; inventory of, 124,

218 Game, plentiful in the colony 42

_Ferries 41, 137, 211, 226 Garden, the, of George Rome

Few, Richard 56 292

Field, John 30, 80 Gardiner, Elizabeth, inventory

Field, Thomas 121 of, 166

Field, William 76, 114 Gardiner, Miss Hannah 145

Fire-arms, 126, 339; see also in- Gardiner, John, inventory of 291

ventories Gardiner, Nicholas 308

Fire buckets, leather 227, 343 Gardiner, Peregrine 119

Fire engine 227 Gardiner, William, inventory of

Fish 42, 115, 294, 306, 307, 318 160, 170, 312

Flax 101, 112, 200 Gardiner, William, of Boston

Flour 186 Neck, inventory of 164

Folger, Peter 56 Geneva 5, 88

Food, 42, 155; price of, 101; Gervinus 5

menu of Dr. Babcock, Gibbs, Robert 233

2'96 Ginnings, Peter 289

"Four Brothers," portage b'll Glass, see inventories

of sloop, 317 "Glebe House," built by Dr.

Fowler, George 153 McSparran, 147

Fowler, Henry 81 Goddard, Sarah and William 246

Fox, George 89, 90, 111, 175, 269 Godfrey, Richard, inventory of

Foxe's Hill 28, 41 342

Fox hunting, in the colony 173, Gorton, Samuel, 24, 32; moves

308 to Shawomet, 37, 38; visits

Frank, Andrew, negro, inven- Canonicus, 39; writes pamph-

tory of, 261 let, 40; modern by nature, 61;

Franklin, Benjamin, post-office migrates to Providence, 62';

of, 240; book on electricity, death of, 105

247; ancedote of, 297 Government, Japanese view of



Index 369

representative, 12; beginnings Hazard, Jeffrey, inventory of

of popular, 14; beginnings of, 289

examined, 16, 17; first in col- Hazard, Jonathan, inventory of

ony, 53; recognition sought 169, 302

for Island, 64 ; changes in Hazard, " Shepherd Tom " 285,

judicial, 116; of Rhode Is- 305, 307

land called a scandal by Gov- Hazard, Stephen, inventory of

ernor Dudley, 184; of Rhode 161

Island, under the Union, 353 Hazard, Susannah, inventory of

Grain, see inventories 291

Great Salt River 41, 42, 114, 193, Hazard, Robert, 142, 150; ex-

209, 232 ports pacers, 157; inventory

Green, Benjamin Jr., inventory of, 147, 311

of, 198 Heeth, Betty 167

Green, James 324 Helme, Christopher, inventory

Greene, John 136 of, 163

Grenville, George 222 Helme, James 287

Guinea, slave trade with 12*2, Helme, Powel 281

181, 305 Helme, Rowse, inventory of 141

Highways 41, 75, 80, 131, 133,

Hannah, Robert, inventory of 211, 267

140 Higinbotham, Charles, inventory

" Hard money " party 302 of, 165

Hardin, Abraham 115 Hitchcock, Daniel, inventory of

Harris, Elisha, inventory of 126 343

Harris, Thomas, 30, 91; inven- Hitchcock, Rev. Gad 344

tory of, 126, 239 Holden, Randall 51

Harris, William, 78, 80, 88, 90, Holmes, Obadiah 84

91, 92, 93; imprisoned, 94; Holston, Mary, apprenticed 177

death of, in England, 103; in- Holway, Benjamin, inventory of

ventory of, 109 290

Harrison, Peter, builder of the Home-lots, 32, 35; system of

Redwood Library, 146 creates local attachment, 82';

Hart, Joseph 323 term altered to house-lots, 233

Hawkins, Job 330 Homesteads 35

Hawkings, Isaiah 262 Honeyman, Rev. James 207, 267,

Hazard, Caleb, inventory of 162, 276

164 Hooker, Thomas 16, 17, 18, 20,

Hazard, " College Tom," account 21, 44, 247

books of, 280, 281; slaves of, Hopkins, Esek, first admiral of

285, 302 the American navy, 234, 317,

Hazard, Colonel George, 139; 318, 319, 321, 330

house of, 166; inventory of, Hopkins, Stephen, born, 228; in-

167 fluences which moulded, 229;



370 Index

ability recognized, 230; exten- plantations, 115; store corn,

sion of commerce encouraged 285

by, 233; catalogued library, " Indian Trail " 138
244; political advancement of, Indigo 115, 281
247; elected governor, 248; Industry, French ship, captured
member of the Literary and by privateer, 226
Philosophical Society, 271 ; Industries, Tanning 81 ; lime-
prevails in local politics, 332; burning, 87; at Westerly, 136;
one of committee of corres- woolen, 139; distillery of rum
pondence, 336; resigns from an important, 221
Congress, 341; death of, 352 Inheritance 124

Hopkins, Major William 120, " Initial Deed " of Williams 29,

239 78, 79, 91

Horses, prices of, 101, 281; ex- Inns, first, licensed, 95; poor ac-

ported to West Indies, 152; commodations in, 158; Tur-

Narragansett pacer described, p:n's, 219

157; bred by Governor Robin- Inman, Joanna, inventory of 216

son, 172; 100 gallons of rum Inman, Mary 200

offered for a, 222; pacing Inman, Tabitha, inventory of

races, 307 216

Hospitality, in the colony 158 Ipswich, a port of entry 181,

Houses, see Dwellings 194

Household utensils, see inven- Irishmen in Rhode Island 156,

tories 286

House, John, inventory of 216, Irish butter 318

220 Iron 330, 331, 335

Howard, Jack, negro 224 Inventories 56, 109, 111, 112, 120,

Hoyden, Elizabeth 99 124, 125, 126, 127, 139, 140, 141,

Huguenots, settle fin Rhode Is- 143, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165,

land, 137, 208 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171,

Hull, John, mint master 69 176, 177, 195, 196, 198, 199,

Hunt, Benjamin, inventory of 200, 203, 216, 238, 239, 240,

322 241, 253, 254, 255, 257, 258,

Hussey, Sylvanus 336 261, 262, 2^9, 290, 291, 311,

Hutchinson, Anne, 36, 45, 59; 312, 322, 325, 326, 327, 341,

marriage of, 46; trial of, 48; 342, 343, 350, 351
fate of, 49

Hutchinson, William, 46; elected Jackson, Stephen 245

judge, 53 Jakwise, Lowes 287

Jakwise, Nathan, inventory of

Idioms and sayings in Rhode Is- 142

land, 303, 304, 305 Jellinek, quoted 7, 8

Indians, 37, 42, 50, 69, 73; testi- Jcnckes, Daniel 223, 246, 316, 336

mony of, 96; a menace to Jenckes, D. and Son 321, 332



Index 371

Jenckes, Captain John, inven- Knowles, the widow, inventory

tory of, 202, 203 of 164

Jenckes, Governor Joseph, 218;

inventory of, 238 Labor, 42; male and female,

Jennings, T. 182 286; slaves, 288

Jews, immigration of, to Rhode Lafayette 7

Island, 69; petition General Land, system, of Newport, 58

Assembly, 118; in Newport, at Providence, 60; division of,

274; contractors in oil trust, 82; price per acre, 101

329; purchasers of iron, 330 Landon, Daniel inventory of 162

Jewelry, see inventories Land titles, disputes over 78, 98,

Joanes, John, inventory of 109 102

Johnson, Rev. Samuel 271 Law-suits 15, 106, 107, 108, 109,

Jones, Dr. John, first physician 117, 118

of Providence, 202 Lawton, George 55

Joslin, Thomas and Hannah 113 Lee, Mrs. Anstis 305

Joy, Moses 335 Lenthall, Robert, 59; public

Judges, early, of Rhode Island school of, 60

53, 116 Liberty, religious, 7, 41, 42; ad-
Judicial system, organized in m it s Jews, 69; recognized in
Rhode Island, 115; develop- ] aWj 174. new ideas of, 206
ment of, 119 Liberty, soul-defined by Durfee,

Jullien, John, inventory of 166 3. pus hed toward Anarchism

in Rhode Island, 8; led by

Keayne, Captain, Mrs. Shaw's Williams, 11; Rhode Island

suit, against, 15 hampered in search after, 14;

Kelly, Ann 169 at last established, 46; over-

Kelton, Joseph, inventory of spr eads theocracy, 206

~ 6 Liberty tree, dedicated by Jo-

" Kernel of a State," William's seph 01ney> 333

community in Rhode Island u of wffliam Harris>

called 5; kept unimpaired 8 ' Qf John ^

Kmg, Amos inventory of 241 ^^ ^^ formedf

-,"?, ^« PS 244 ? the R^wood, 270, 278;

1-0, 136 of Trinit Church, 2'72; of

Kingstown, ferry at, 137; popu- John Me / rett 377 . the first

lation of, 191; taxes of, 309 ... „„

Kinnicut, Colonel Edward 234, T P" * ' _ , _ , _

ncn Liddeason, Job llo
260

Kinnicut, Roger 232 Lime ' made from stone and

Kitchen utensils, see inventories shells, 87

Knight, Madam, journeys on Linen, 57, 139; see also inven-

horseback, 121, 138, 158; de- tories

scribes a " Hutt," 144 Linen wheel 162



373



Index



Lippetts, Ann 227

Lippetts, Moses 113, 149, 153
Liquor, sale of, 75; sale to In-
dians forbidden, 76; sale of
regulated by local authority,
95
Literary and Philosophical So-
ciety, formed at Newport,
270, 271
Logwood 115

Looms, see inventories
London 6, 40, 66, 69, 103, 238
Lottery, in Providence 226, 232,

£'45, 335
Lowell, James Russell 16

Magistrates, in the colony 12,

14, 15
Magna Charter 7, 31

Man, Thomas, legacies of 123
Manchester, Captain Thomas, in-
ventory of, 262
Manhattan, trade with 65

Manners, regulated by rule 85
Manton, Edward, 121 ; inven-
tory of, 216
Manton, Shadrach 260

Manufactures 189, 330

Marbury, Anne, see Anne

Hutchinson
Marine Insurance 246, 262

Marriage, banns of, 81 ; consent
of parents to, 99; settlement
of marital differences, 107,
108; mixed, 310
Marsh, Mary 213

Martin, John, inventory of 326
Mason, Major John 9, 78

Mason, Jeremiah F. 324

Mason, Noah 223

Massachusetts, 1 ; contrasted
with Rhode Island, 6, 25; ex-
ists under royal charter, 12;
organization of colony of, 15;



early struggles in, 22, 23;
sends armed force against
Gorton, 38; Gorton's pamphlet
against, 40; persecution of
Quakers in, 67; boundaries
between Rhode Island and, 71 ;
disturbed by King Philip's
War, 96, 97; arrests citizens
of Rhode Island, 134 ; manu-
factures of, compared with
those of Rhode Island, 189
Massachusetts Bay 33

Mather, Cotton 13, 22, 80, 191,

204, 220, 225
Mawney, John, inventory of 258
Mayhew, Jonathan 206

Maze, William 181

Medicine 202

Merchants of Rhode Island 135,
148, 194, 195, 223, 228, 233,
246, 250, 263, 319, 324, 351
Merrett, John, inventory of 326
Miantonomi 28, 51, 92, 151

Mill, John Smith's, 8, 41; town,
42; sugar, 65; fulling, 139;
wind, 178; saw, 194
Milton, John 6

Misquam'icut, see Westerly
Molasses 186, 189, 221, 223, 276,

320
Money, Spanish, 123; " N. E.
Coyne," 123; scarce, 182; pa-
per, 186; 210, 237; value of
Spanish milled dollars, 290;
depreciation of Old Tenor,
237, 238; values of "real,"
312, 314; depreciation of, af-
ter Revolutionary War, 354,
355
Morris, Captain Richard 54

Moshassuck River 28, 41, 42, 77,

194
Mott, Adam, 51; inventory of
56



Index 373

Mourning rings 160 267; Literary and Philosophi-

Mumford, Benjamin 310 cal Society founded at, 270;

Mumford, John 267 exports to West Indies from,

Mumford, Thomas 145 275; artists of distinction at,

McSparran, Dr. James, 145, 147; 277; culture at, 270, 277, 278,

diary of, 152, 153, 154, 155, 348; a port of entry, 325;

156; death of, 160 effect of Revolutionary War

Names, use of titles and 76, 310 ° n ' . T ,. 1Q .

.. -o , t>\.„a» Niantic Indians 134

Narragansett Bay, see Hlioae

T , ° , J Nicholls, Andrew 284

Island

Narragansett Indians 28, 39, 97,

J34, 285 Oil, spermaceti 316, 329, 335, 346

Nash, Ebenezer 170 Old Tenor, see Money

Negroes, population, 135, 151; Olney, Epenetus, inventory of
prices of, 143; see also inven- 242

tories Olney, Lieutenant James 213

New England, origin and work- Olney, Jonathan 26#

ings of democracy in, 6, 13; Olney, Joseph 332

sources of Puritanism in, 16; Olney, Thomas Sr. 110, 116, 130,
struggles in, 22; apprenticing 131, 194, 202, 214, 215; inven-
in, 112; sheep in, 114; best tory of, 111
cheese in, 152; living in Rhode Olney, Thomas Jr. 35, 81, 120,
Island compared with other 136, 137

communities in, 173; exten- Olney, Richard 324

sion of commerce throughout, Onion, John 310

180; distilling in, 189, 221; Osborn, N., inventory of 162
prayer for well-being of, 205; Oxen 42, 80, 101

public libraries in, 244; de- Palatine, legend of Dutch ship
velopment in, 265 295

New Englander, the, characteris- Palatine Light, scientifically de-
tics of, 305 scribed, 2*94; tradition of, 295
"New Lights" 288 Palfrey 12, 22
Newport, settlement of, 57; po- Pamphlets 40, 90, 92, 255, 322
litical ascendancy of, 58; Pasturage 36, 91, 152
church fellowship gathered Patent, of Newport, 58; royal,
at, 59; first school supported 69

by taxation at, 60; commerce Patten, Mary, inventory of 344
thrives at, 66, 189, 2'67; immi- Pawtuxet 37, 38

gration of wealthy Jews to, "Pawtuxet purchase" 29, 37
69, 274; Quakers at, 89; Peas 101, 102

Roger Williams rows to, 90; Peage 51

slavery a factor in commerce Peat, used for fuel 294

of, 187, 188, 190; distilleries Peck, John 3#0

at, 189; Berkeley arrives at, Peck, Jonathan 319



374 Index

Pequot Indians 28 43; first settlement at, 53;

Pequot Path, The 133 records of, 54, 56, 57; prison

Perry, Samuel, inventory of 141 ordered built at, 55; shipbuild-
Pettaquamscutt 133, 146, 147, ing at, 65; first inn at, 95

172, 298 Post, first public, 128; B. Frank-

Pewter, 110, 235; see also inven- lin's, 246

tories Potter, George 108

Physician, the first 202 Potter, Ichabod 167

Pigs, of iron 330 Potter, John, inventory of 313

Pillion 121, 124, 161, 199 Potter, Rachel 108

Pioneer, living described, 74; Potter, Captain Simeon 190

interest attaches to, 195 Potter, William 215

Pirates, fear of attacking com- Poultry 162

merce, 55 ; " too kindly enter- Powder and shot 55

tained in Rhode Island," 183 Power, Nicholas 41, 86, C J22, 316,

Pitchwood, tar made from 100 317, 318

Plantation, meaning of term, 36; Prey, i!phraim 99

troubles of, 38; of Newport Price, Bridget 106

established, 57; north and Prices, of land, cattle, commod-
south, contrasted, 60; evolu- ities, etc., 75, 101, 102, 289,
tion of, into community, 131 ; 290, 346 ; see also inventories ;
of large land-holders exten- difficulty of adjusting, 237
sive, 150 Primogeniture 185

Planters, the 17, 29, 72 Prison, ordered built at Ports-

Plymouth 28, 33, 36, 61, 180 mouth, 55; at Newport, 77;

Point Judith 136, 151, 308 at Providence, 128, 219

Politics, as developed by free- Privateers, 225, 227, 346; slave
dom, 84, 85; controlled by trade of, 188, 189, 190, 276
Quakers, 90; changes in, 116; Probate, customs peculiar 12*3
described as seething, 2^4; af- Progress, slow in attaining to
fects social movements, 333; wealth and culture, 11; steady
after Revolutionary War, 353 in Rhode Island, 23; expands
Poor, the, care of 107, 213, 289 settlements, 83
Population increases, 41; char- Property, institutes are based
acter of, 42, 180; continued on, 52

growth of, 192, 219 Proprietors, 29, 32, 78; differ-

Pork 101, 102 ences between free-holders and,

Portage bill, of sloop Defiance 84

335 Providence, brig 243, 251

Portrait painting introduced by Providence, democracy of, estab-

Smibert, 150 lished, 8; aims of settlers of,

Ports of entry, 181; Newport a, described by Williams, 9;

325 founding of, 28; proprietors

Portsmouth, committee sent to, of, 29, 30, 32, 37, 79, 102, 119;



Index 375

" second comers " in, 30, 75 ; Punishments, 38, 55, 68 ; for im-
division of lands in, 32, 35; morality, 99, 100; for debt,
plantations at, 36, 79; First 117; for theft, 118; of slaves,
Baptist Church in, 37; streets 153, 155

laid out in, 41; Williams se- Puritanism, Connecticut an ex-
cures charter for, 43; Code ample of, 16; defined, 19;
of Laws made by General As- challenged by Antinomianism,
sembly, 44; exiles from Bos- 47
ton received at, 50; compact

of, based on "civil things Quakers, 22; persecution of, 67;
only," 31, 52; troubles at, 60; an important factor in pros-
Dutch trade with, 66; historic perity of Rhode Island, 68;
dwellings in, 73, 121; pioneer flock to Newport, 88; an in-
living in, 74; ordinances of, fluence for good, 88; yearly
75, 86, 95; taxation in, 77, 82, meetings of, 175; oppose slav-
226, 308; "Initial Deeed " of, ery, 188

78, 91 ; religious organization Quaker Meeting house, a, built
at, 83; votes of free-holders, at Providence, 96; bequest for
84; crude law-making at, 86; a, 242
industries of, 87, 221, 222, 283,



Online LibraryWilliam Babcock WeedenEarly Rhode Island; → online text (page 28 of 29)