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ONOGRA



HISPANIC




HISPANIC SOCIETY



AMERICAN S ! R I | s




OF AMERK A



COPYADpED
ORIGINAL TO BE
RETAINED



FEB 2 b 1993






HISPANIQ

NOTES & MONOGRAPHS



ESSAYS, STUDIES, AND BRIEF
BIOGRAPHIES ISSUED BY THE
HISPANIC SOCIETY OFAMERICA



IV




IMP, UNIVERSITY

Cstado 63



II II II

1 1 1











The Hispanic Society of America



CHILEANS

OF

TO - DAY

EDITED BY

WILLIAM BELMONT PARKER

Corres. Memb. of The Hispanic Society of America.

Editor of "Cubans of To-Day",
"Peruvians of To-Day", "Bolivians of To-Day", etc.






SANTIAGO DE CHILE

G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS

NEW YORK AND LONDON
I92O



Es propiedad de
THE HISPANIC SOCIETY OF AMERICA



Printed in Santiago, Chile

at the Imprenta Universitaria

April, 1920



Bancroft Library
University of California



FOREWORD vn



FOREWORD

Chileans of To-Day forms the
fourth volume in the series projected
by the Hispanic Society of America to
make better known to English-speak-
ing people the representative, living
men of Hispanic America and so to
strengthen the bonds of mutual under-

! standing and friendship.

Though this book contains a longer list
of biographies than any of its predeces-
sors, it can lay no better claim than they
to being complete: it aims only at being

I genuinely representative and at intro-
ducing a sufficiently numerous group
of the leaders in various fields of activ-
ity to give its readers a just impression
of the character of Chilean civilization
and achievement. For this reason the
men whose lives are here set down



HISPANIC NOTKS IV



vni



CHILEANS OF TO-DAY



drawn from all parts of the country and
from every important department of
activity: there are artists, authors,
statesmen, clergymen, farmers, soldiers,
engineers, poets, merchants, sailors and
! teachers here, as well as men of affairs
and public officials, and their lives re-
flect the powerful currents of the na-
tional life and the stability of its poli-
tical organization.

The editor takes pleasure in record-
ing once again his obligations for much
and valuable assistance in preparing
his book for the press; he acknowledges
the courtesy of the officials of the Na-
tional Library and the National Insti-
tute who generously placed at his dis-
posal their facilities; he owes a debt of
gratitude for counsel and guidance to
the Rector of the University, Dr. Do-
mingo Amunategui Solar, and to Senor
Jose Toribio Medina; he is indebted
for faithful and skillful collaboration
to Senores Guillermo Feliu y Cruz and
L. Ignacio Silva A. ; for timely assistance



IV HISPANIC NOTES



FOREWORD



to Dr. and Mrs. Sturgis E. Leavitt and
Mr. Harold K. Coulson, to whom also
and to Senor Victor Alfonso he owes
special thanks for aid in preparing the
biographies of Chilean artists; he records
his appreciation of the courtesy of Senor
Jorge Diaz Lira who placed serviceable
materials at his disposal, and he repeats
with sincere regard his obligation to the
members of the press for their unfailing
friendliness. Finally, he acknowledges
the indispensable and kindly co-opera-
tion of the subjects of the biographies
themselves. He desires to add that,
except for certain obvious obligations of
courtesy, the order of the biographies is
wholly fortuitous.



W. B. P.



Santiago, Chile, Marcli 25, 1920.



AND MONOGRAPHS



IX



IV



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Biographies marked with a star (*) are illustrated.

PAGE

JUAN Luis SANFUENTES* 1

CRESC^NTE ERRAZURIZ* 4

ALBERTO BLEST GANA* 7

DOMINGO AMUNATEGUI SOLAR* 11

JOSE TORIBIO MEDINA* 16

ELofsA DIAZ* 25

CARLOS E. PORTER 28

CASPAR TORO 31

JORGE BOONEN RIVERA 34

OCTAVIO MAIRA* 37

ELIODORO YANEZ*. . 39

ANSELMO BLANLOT HOLLEY* 41

LEOPOLDO URRUTIA 44

JUAN N. ESPEJO VARAS* 46

ENRIQUE BERMUDEZ DE LA PAZ* 48

GUILLERMO RIVERA* 50

AUGUSTO ORREGO Luco*

JUAN ENRIQUE LAGARRIGUE 56

PEDRO PRADO

ALBERTO DEL SOLAR 61

ALEJANDRO FUENZALIDA GRANDON 64

Luis BARROS BORGONO*

ISMAEL VALDES VALDES

JULIO VICUNA CIFUENTES*

GUILLERMO BIANCHI

VENTURA BLANCO VIEL



xii TABLE OF CONTENTS



PAGE

GREGORIO AMUNATEGUI* 82

CARLOS R. MONDACA 85

MANUEL MAGALLANES MOURE* 87

Luis ANTONIO VERGARA 89

ROBERTO HUNEEUS GANA 91

CARLOS ALDUNATE SOLAR 93

ARTURO ALESSANDRI PALMA* 95

GUILLERMO PEREZ DE ARCE* 97

LUCILA GODOY (Gabriela Mistral] 99

MATEO MARTINEZ QUEVEDO 101

JORGE KEENER BEZANILLA 103

REBECA MATTE DE INIGUEZ 105

NARCISO TONDREAU VALIN*.. 107

LEONARDO ELIZ SOTO . 109

FRANCISCO ROJAS HUNEEUS Ill

JOSE MARIA VALDERRAMA 113

VfcTOR DOMINGO SILVA 114

Luis RISOPATRON SANCHEZ 117

WASHINGTON LASTARRIA* 120

ONOFRE AVENDANO.. 122

B RIGID A WALKER GUERRA* 124

CARLOS ACUNA 126

NICOLAS NOVOA VALDES 128

ENRIQUE BARRENECHEA NARANJO 130

ANTONIO BORQUEZ SOLAR* 133

ENRIQUE VILLEGAS 135

OTTO GEORGI* .- 137

DANIEL DE LA VEGA 139

ARTURO FERNANDEZ VIAL* 141

ARTURO ALEMPARTE 143

JANUARIO ESPINOSA 145

MANUEL FOSTER RECABARREN 147

GONZALO BULNES*... 150



TABLE OF CONTENTS xin

PAGE

JUAN AGUSTIN BARRIGA* 153

ABRAHAM KONIG 156

HECTOR ARANCIBIA LAZO . 159

EUCARPIO ESPINOSA* 161

ANGEL CUSTODIO ESPEJO 163

ENRIQUE MOLINA* 166

ARTURO BESA 168

INES ECHEVERRfA DE LARRAfN 171

WALTER BARBIER WILLIAMS ITS

EDUARDO BARRIOS* 175

ENRIQUE SORO BARRIGA* 177

ANfBAL ECHEVERRIA Y REYES* 179

ALFREDO BARROS ERRAZURIZ 181

ENRIQUE SALVADOR SANFUENTES* 183

RAFAEL ERRAZURIZ URMENETA 186

EMILIO BELLO CODECIDO* 188

ROMUALDO SlLVA CORTES 191

ALBERTO EDWARDS 193

LucfA BULNES DE VERGARA 195

EDUARDO SUAREZ MUJICA* 197

Luis THAYER OJEDA 201

PEDRO PABLO DARTNELL* 203

MAMERTO CAoiz CALVO 20

ISMAEL TOCORNAL* 207

MlSAEL CORREA PASTENE 209

ESTANISLAO DEL CANTO 211

ABD6N ClFUENTES

CARLOS CASTRO Ruiz

RAMON CORBALAN MELGAREJO*

GERMAN VALENZUELA BASTERRICA

FEDERICO GANA Y GANA*

Luis CLARO SOLAR*

AcusTfN EDWARDS*... 230



xiv TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

FRANCISCO DE BORJA VALDES CUEVAS. . 233

JAVIER VIAL SOLAR 235

CARLOS ALEGRIA . 237

GUILLERMO PEREIRA INIGUEZ 239

Luis FELIPE CONTARDO* 241

EMILIANO FIGUEROA 243

DIEGO ANTONIO TORRES 245

Jos6 A. ALFONSO* 247

MALAQUIAS CONCHA* 249

VIRGINIO ARIAS 252

AMANDA LABARCA HUBERTSON* 258

MANUEL TRUCCO 261

MIGUEL Luis AMUNATEGUI REYES 263

CARLOS ISAMITT 265

ISMAEL GAJARDO REYES* 266

PATRICIO LARRAIN ALCALDE 269

Luis IZQUIERDO FREDES 272

ARTEMIO GUTIERREZ 274

ERNESTO A. GUZMAN 276

CARLOS SILVA VILDOSOLA* '. . 278

DIEGO DUBLE URRUTIA 281

TOMAS THAYER OJEDA 283

RICARDO DAVILA SILVA 285

PEDRO BANNEN - 287

GlLBERTO FUENZALIDA* 289

PEDRO CORREA OVALLE 291

ELIODORO ORTIZ DE ZARATE 293

ENRIQUE NERCASSEAU Y MORAN* 296

AUGUSTO BRUNA 298

CARLOS DORLHIAC 299

SAMUEL CLARO LASTARRIA* 301

DANIEL OLIVA 303

GUILLERMO M. BANADOS*.... 305



TABLE OF CONTENTS xv



PAGE

FRANCISCO A. CONCHA CASTILLO 307

Luis ORREGO Luco* 309

SlLVESTRE OCHAGAVfA 312

RlCARDO MONTANER BfiLLO 313

GALVARINO GALLARDO FONT 315

PEDRO N. MONTENEGRO 317

AGUSTIN CORREA BRAVO 319

ANGEL CRUCHAGA SANTA MARIA* 321

ANTONIO ORREGO BARROS 323

SANTIAGO MARIN VICUNA* 325

EDMUNDO JARAMILLO MOLINA 327

ALFREDO IRARRAZAVAL 329

ONOFRE JARPA* 331

MIGUEL LETELIER ESPINOLA 333

JULIO MONTEBRUNO L6PEZ* 335

JUAN EDUARDO MACKENNA 337

ERNESTO DE LA CRUZ 339

GALVARINO GALLARDO NIETO* 341

FRANCISCO ZAPATA LILLO 343

JORGE HUNEEUS GANA 345

TOMAS GUEVARA* 348

ANSELMO HEVIA RIQUELME 351

ALEJANDRO DEL Rio* 353

ENRIQUE ZANARTU 356

NICANOR GONZALEZ MENDEZ* 357

IGNACIO SANTA MAR! A 359

ANGEL GUARELLO COSTA 361

RAM6N A. LAVAL* 363

MAXIMILIANO IBANEZ 366

EDUARDO GREZ PADILLA 369

JOSE GUILLERMO GUERRA

ARMANDO QUEZADA ACHARAN...

SAMUEL A. LILLO*.... 375



xvi TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

DANIEL FELIU 377

RENE HURTADO BORNE 379

TOMAS GATJ'CA MARTINEZ* 381

ARCADIO DUCOING 383

JULIO PHILIPPI 385

MANUEL J. ORTIZ 387

FRANCISCO NAVARRO VALENZUELA 389

ALBERTO GARCIA GUERRERO 391

VICENTE ZEGERS 393

ARISTIDES PINTO.CONCHA 395

ALEJANDRO LIRA 397

JULIO A. SANTA MAR! A 399

RICARDO SALAS EDWARDS 400

JORGE MONTT* 402

RECAREDO AMENGUAL 405

JOAQUfN DfAZ BESOAfN 407

JOAQUiN ECHENIQUE 409

RAFAEL Luis GUMUCIO 410

Luis GONI Y SIMPSON 412

CARLOS HURTADO WILSON 414

SALVADOR IZQUIERDO 416

MARIANO LATORRE 420

BRUNO SERGIO PIZARRO 422

PABLO RAM!REZ 424

MANUEL RIVAS VICUNA* 426

ROBERTO SILVA RENARD 428

ALBERTO SILVA PALMA 430

ABSAL6N VALENCIA 432

HERNAN DfAZ ARRIETA 433

GONZALO URREJOLA 434

EDUARDO CHARME 436

RAFAEL MALUENDA 438

JoAQufN WALKER MARTINEZ.... 439



TABLE OF CONTENTS xvn

PAGE

RAFAEL LORCA PELLROS.S 441

Luis GOMEZ CARRENO 44S

TEMf STOCLES URRUTIA 445

ENRIQUE MAC-!VER* 447

ANTONIO HUNEEUS GANA 450

Luis BARCEL6 LIRA 453

ELVIRA SANTA CRUZ Y OSSA 455

VICTOR V. ROBLES 457

CARLOS MONCKEBERG BRAVO* 459

Luis SILVA LEZAETA* 461

FRANCISCO LANDA 463

GUILLERMO SUBERCASEAUX 465

ALEJANDRO HUNEEUS GARCIA H 468

AGUSTIN CANNOBBIO 470

FERNANDO SANTIBANEZ* 472

ANIBAL PINTO CRUZ 474

EMMA FORMAS DE DAVILA 475

EDUARDO CASTILLO VICUNA 476

ALEJANDRO ROSSELOT 478

DARIO SALAS* 480

MARCIAL PLAZA FERRAND 482

CARLOS SILVA COTAPOS* 484

MIGUEL Luis ROCUANT 486

SOFANOR PARRA*

BENITO REBOLLEDO CORREA 490

FEDERICO PUGA BORNE 493

ERNESTINA PEREZ 496

EMILIO RODRIGUEZ MENDOZA

CARLOS SILVA CRUZ* 503

ENRIQUE SWINBURN 505

RAUL RAM{REZ J* 507

MANUEL SALAS LAVAQUI

NATHANAEL YANEZ SILVA* 513



xviii TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

ENRIQUE TAGLE MORENO. 515

ALCIBIADES ROLDAN . . 517

ALAMIRO HUIDOBRO* . 519

FRANCISCO NOGUERA . 521

PEDRO AGUIRRE CERDA 523

JUAN ENRIQUE TOCORNAL. . 525

JOSE MARIA BARI*. 527

PEDRO ARMENGOL VALENZUELA 529

RAFAEL CORREA* 532

MANUEL ANTONIO ROMAN. . 534

PAULINO ALFONSO* 536

JAVIER GANDARILLAS MATTA 539

ARMANDO DONOSO* 540

REGULO VALENZUELA 543

FRANCISCO JAVIER DIAZ*. 544

EDUARDO POIRIER 546

MIGUEL CRUCHAGA TOCORNAL 548

GUILLERMO CORDOBA* 550

RAMON BRIONES Luco* 552

RAFAEL FRONTAURA. . , 554

FEDERICO CASAS BASTERRICA* 556

BALDOMERO LILLO 558

FRANCISCO CONTRERAS* 560

GUILLERMO LABARCA HUBERTSON 562

ALERBTO VALENZUELA LLANOS* 564

MAXIMILIANO DEL CAMPO* 566

CARLOS CARIOLA 568

JUAN TONKIN 570

EDGARDO GARRIDO MERINO 572

ENRIQUE OYARZUN* 574

BELTRAN MATHIEU* 576

MANUEL J. BARRENECHEA 578

AURELIANO OYARZUN* . . 580



TABLE OF CONTENTS xix

PAGE

ALFREDO HELSBY HAZELL* 585

ENRIQUE MATTA VIAL 587

JULIO PRADO AMOR / 591

JORGE DIAZ LIRA 593

L. IGNACIO SILVA A.* 5 ( )4

ALEJANDRO SILVA DE LA FUENTE* 596

JOAQUIN MUNOZ HURTADO* 598

ERNESTO GREVE oOO

ALBERTO CRUCHAGA Y OSSA 002

CARLOS BEZANILLA SILVA 604

CARLOS ESTEVEZ GAZMURI 005

GUILLERMO BARROS JARA 007

ARMANDO MOOCK 009

AGUSTfN ROSS 611

MANUEL GUZMAN MATURANA 613

JORGE DELANO FREDERICK 615

HERIBERTO DUCOING 616

JOAQUIN D!AZ GARCES* 618

DIEGO DUBLE ALMEYDA* ... 620



SANFUENTES



JUAN LUIS SANFUENTES

Man of affairs; President
of Chile.

JUAN Luis SANFUENTKS was born
in Santiago, the capital of Chile, on the
twenty-seventh of December, 1858, the
son of Matilde Andonaegui, and of Sal-
vador Sanfuentes, notable as a poet
and as a public man, author of I'.l
Campanario and Las Leyendas Imli-
jenas, Secretary of State in the Cabin-
ets of two Presidents, General Manuel
Bulnes and Manuel Montt, and Jus-
tice of the Supreme Court.

At a very early age Sanfuentes was
left an orphan and without financial
resources. He pursued the usual coi,
es in the University, however, and, in
1879, when he was twenty-one, IK- \vmi
his degree of Doctor of Laws. Neither



HISPANIC NOT



IV



CHILEANS OF TO-DAY



his talents nor his temperament inclin-
ing him to the law, he turned his atten-
tion to business and finance, a field in
which he displayed marked ability and
soon won a place among successful men
of affairs.

In 1888 he resolved to enter public
life, became candidate for Deputy and
was elected to represent the Department
of Coelemu, Province of Concepcion.
In 1894 he was elected to the Executive
Committee of the Liberal Party, and in
1901 accepted the post of Secretary of
the Treasury in the Cabinet of Presi-
dent Errazuriz Echaurren. In this office
his talents had full play and his record
was in a high degree creditable: he
brought about a unified control and
inspection of the government expens-
es, he presented to Congress the pro-
ject of the law for a tax on alcohol which
yields twenty million pesos a year, and
he proposed the establishment of gov-
ernment savings banks throughout the
Republic.



IV



HISPANIC NOTES



SANFUENTES



In 1902 he was elected Senator for
the Province of Valdivia and in 1906j
Senator for Concepci6n, being re-elec-
ted in 1912. In 1906 he was elected
President of the Senate and from
1906 to 1915 served as Counselor of
State. He was also a member of the
Board of Directors of the Caja de Cn' -
dito Hipotecario.

In 1915 he was elected President
of the Republic and he is at present in
this office.







A


N


D


M





N


OG


RA


P


H


S


IV



CHILEANS OF TO-DAY



IV



CRESCENTE ERRAZURIZ

Historian; Archbishop I
of Santiago.

CRESCENTE ERRAZURIZ, the son of
Francisco Javier Errazuriz Aldunate
and Rosario Valdivieso, was born in
Santiago on the twenty-eighth of Nov-
ember, 1839, received his education
in the Seminario Conciliar of Santiago,
and in 1863 took holy orders.

In the same year he made a short |
visit to Europe in company with Arch-
bishop Valdivieso, and on his return
to Chile took editorial charge of the
Revista Catolica, in which he soon
disclosed the talents of a formidable
journalist. In 1874 he severed his of-
ficial connection with the Revista Ca-
tolica to assume the post of editor of
the Estandarte Catolico which he



HISPANIC NOTES



ERRAZURIZ



directed until the death of Archbishop
Valdivieso in 1884. In that year he en-
tered the Dominican Convent, under
the name of Fray Raimundo Errazu-
riz and in the year following took
the vows of the order. Soon after his
entrance into the convednt he was ap-
pointed Librarian and on more than
one occasion held the post of Prior. In
1911 he retired from the convent, and
in 1916 Pope Benedict XV appointed
him Prothonotary of his Holiness in
Chile. Upon the death of Archbishop
Jose Ignacio Gonzalez, the Chilean Gov-
ernment put forward the candidacy of
Crescente Errazuriz for the Archbish-
opric, to which he was appointed in
1918.

In the course of his active life, Mon-
signor Errazuriz has been Church Coun-
sellor, and in the University of Chile
has occupied the chair of Canon Law.
His literary activities were publicly
recognized in 1879 when he was eU-< i <1
a member of the Chilean Academy. In



AND MONOGRAPHS



IV



CHILEANS OF T O-D A Y



1915, when that body was reorganized,
he was chosen its Director. In 1912 the
Historical and Geographical Society
awarded him a gold medal in recogni-
tion of his historical publications.

Aside from his extensive contribu-
tions to the Revista Catolica and the
! Estandarte Catolico, with which he
: was connected so long, he has also writ-
: ten numerous articles in the Anales
de la Universidad and the Estrella
de Chile. His religious and secular
works in book form include the follow-
ing: Los Origenes de la Iglesia Chilena,
(1540-1603), Santiago, 1873; Seis Anos
de la Historia de Chile, 2 vols., Santiago,
1881-1882; Compendia de Derecho Ca-
nonigo, Santiago, 1883; Historia de Chile
durante los Gobiernos de Garcia Ramon
y Merlo Garcia de la Fuente y Jaraque-
mada, 2 vols. , t Santiago, 1902; Historia
de Chile: Pedro de Valdivia, 2 vols., San-
tiago, 1911 ; Chile sin Gobernador, (1554-
1557), Santiago, 1912; Don Garcia Hur-
tadode Mendoza, (1557-1561), 1916.



IV



HISPAN 1C NOTES




Alberto Blest Gana.



BLEST GANA



ALBERTO BLEST GANA

Diplomat; novelist.

ALBERTO BLEST GANA, the most not-
able of the Chilean novelists of his time,
was born in Santiago on the twelfth of
May, 1831, the son of the Irish doctor
Guillermo Blest and Maria de la Luz
Gana. He received his early education
in the Military Academy and secured
a government scholarship which enab-
led him to continue his studies in Eur-
ope. There he pursued courses in tin-
Engineering School at Metz, counting
among his acquaintances the man who
was later destined to be Marshal of
France and First President of the Third
Republic Mac Mahon.

On his return to Chile in 1852 he was
appointed Professor of Topography in
the Military Academy, and enlisting



AND MONOGRAPHS



IV



CHILEANS OF TO-DAY



the aid of his pupils, drew up a map
of Santiago. After two years he aban- l
doned the teaching profession to accept
a post in the War and Navy Depart-
ment; in 1857 he was appointed Gov-
ernor of the province of Colchagua; in
1866 he was sent by the Perez adminis-
tration to the United States as charge \
d'affaires; in 1867 he was appointed \
\ Minister to England where he arrang-
ed the last Anglo-Chilean loan for the j
construction of the Chillan-Talcahuano I
Railroad, and then went as Chilean re- '
presentative to the French Government,
but soon returned to his native country. :
In 1870 he was elected Deputy to the
Constituent Congress.

His sojourn in Chile was brief; in
i 1871 he returned as Minister to France, |
where at the time of the war between !
Spain and Chile he lent valuable aid to
! his country by forwarding her arms and
i munitions. After the war he secured the
I incorporation of Chile in the Postal |
Union, brought about the suppression I



III



HISPANIC NOTES



BLEST GANA



of the British consular postal tax, and
terminated the question of the frigate
Jeanne Amalia. During the bitter struggle
of the war "of the Pacific he again had
an opportunity to be of inestimable
service to his country, purchasing arma-
ment for the Chilean forces and extend-
ing the country's credit. The war mvi -.
he fomented immigration and created
markets for the raw materials produced
in Chile. These and other important
services made his position in the French
capital secure and he continued to serve
as Minister until 1908 when he retired
from diplomatic life, and two years later
removed to Nice where he now liv

In a famous letter to Vicuna Macken-
na, Senor Blest Gana has made known
the source of his literary inspiration.
One day after reading Balzac he made an
auto da fe of his youthful rhymes and
vowed to become a novelist or abandon
the field of literature. From 1858 he
devoted his literary talents to this end
writing for the Revista de Sud-Ame



AND MONOGRAPHS IV



10


CHILEANS OF T O-D A Y




rica, El Museo, La Revista de San-




tiago, La Semana, and other magaz-




ines. His first stories, Enganos y Des-




enganos, El Primer Amor, and La Fas-




cinacion were published in 1858 in La




Voz de Chile, and in the Revista del




Pacifico. These were followed by Juan




de Arias, 1859, La Aritmetica en el Amor,




which was awarded first prize in 1860




in the annual literary contest held by




the University of Chile; El Pago de las




Deudas, Un Drama en el Campo, La




Venganza, and Mariludn, 1861. Martin




Rivas, 1862, is generally regarded as




his best novel, though many critics




award first place to Durante la Recon-




quista, Paris, 1897. He has also written




El Ideal de un Calavera, 1863; Flor de la




Higuera, 1864; Los Trans plantados,




1905; El Loco Estero, 1910; and Gladys




Fair field, 1910.


IV


HISPANIC NOTES



AMUNATEGUI SOLAR



11



DOMINGO AMUNATEGUI SOLAR

Scholar; author; Rector of
the University of Chile.

DOMINGO AMUNATEGUI SOLAR was
born in Santiago de Chile on the twen-
tieth of October, 1860, of distinguished
parents, his mother being Rosa Solar
y Valdes and his father the noted scholar
and public man Miguel Luis Amuna-
tegui y Aldunate who was Professor
in the National Institute and General
Secretary of the University of Chile,
member of the Chamber of Deputies
from 1864 until his death and Member
of the Cabinet under the administra-
tions of three presidents.

After pursuing the usual courses in
the National Institute of his native
city and in the University where he
gained the degrees of Bachelor of Arts



AND MONOGRAPHS



IV



12 CHILEANS OF TO-DAY



Bachelor of Laws, Licentiate and

I Advocate (1881) Dr. Amunategui fol-
lowed the footsteps of his father in seek- i
ing a career both in academic and in
public channels. In 1887 he became

| sub-Secretary in the Department of !
Justice and two years later was appoint-
ed Professor of Constitutional Law
and Political Economy in the Pedagog-
ical Institute. From that time he has
continued to occupy high places and to
fulfill important duties alike in the
public and the academic life of Chile.
In 1889 he became a member of the
Faculty of Arts in the University of
Chile; in 1892 he was appointed Profes-
sor of the Mediaeval, Modern and Corn-
temporary History of America and Chile

I in the National Institute, and in the
same year was the recipient of the ad-

i ditional honors of Secretary of the Fac-
ulty of Arts, Director of the Pedagog-
ical Institute and Member of the
Executive Committee of the Liberal
Party. In the following year he was



IV



HISPANIC NOTES



AMUNATEGUI SOLAR



made Dean of the Faculty of Arts in
the University.

In 1907 he was appointed, Minister
of Justice and Education; in 1909 la-
was again appointed to the same j
and a third time in 1910. In 1918 la-
was made Minister of the Interior and
as such presided over the national gen-
eral elections of March, 1918.

Meantime in 1911, he had been chos-
en Rector of the University which pos-
ition he still occupies, and had been
honored with marks of distinction from
many sources: He had been made Hon-
orary Member of the Faculty of Jur-
idical and Social Science of the Univ-
ersity of La Plata in 1908; Correspond-
ing Member of the Royal Academy of
Madrid in 1909 ; Corresponding Member
of The Hispanic Society of America,
1914; Officer of Public Instruction of
France, 1914; Knight of the Order of the
Crown of Italy, 1914; Corresponding
Member of the Royal Spanish Academy,
1915; Honorary Member of the Uni-



AND MONOGRAPHS



IV



14



CHILEANS OF TO-DAY



versity ofTucuman, 1916; Corresponding i
Member of the Historical Institute of
Peru, 1918.

In addition to his many and notable
activities in the fields of education and
public service, Dr. Amunategui has won
distinction also as an author, having
produced works in history and criticism
which have made his name known on
both continents. Among his published
works are: Los primer os anos del Ins-
titute National (1813-1835), Santiago,
1889; El Institute National bajo los rec-
torados de don Manuel Montt, don Fran-
cisco Puente y don Antonio Varas (1835-
1845), Santiago, 1891; La ensenanza del
Estado, Santiago, 1894; El sistema de
Lancaster en Chile, Santiago, 1895; Mora
en Bolivia, Santiago, 1897; Un soldado
de la conquista de Chile, Santiago, 1898
La Sociedad Chilena del siglo XVIII:
Mayorazgos y Titulos de Castilla, 3
vols., dated 1901, 1903 and 1904;
D. Francisco Solano Astaburuaga, San-
tiago, 1905; Las encomiendas de indi-



IV



HISPANIC NOTES



AMUNATEGUI SOLAR



15



jenas en Chile, 2 vols., Santiago, dated
1909 and 1910; Noticias ineditas sobre
don Juan Martinez de Rozas, Santiago,
1911; Bosquejo historico de la literal jtra
chilena. (In course of publication : twenty
chapters have appeared in the Revista
Chilena de Historia y Geografia).

In addition to these books and to very
many articles on historical, education-
al and administrative topics, he has
translated from the English the work
of the late Edward Gaylord Bourne on
Spain in America, giving it the title,
Regimen Colonial de Espana en America,
Santiago, 1916.



AND MONOGRAPHS



IV



16



CHILEANS OF TO-DAY



JOSE TORIBIO MEDINA

Bibliographer; man of letters.

JOSE TORIBIO MEDINA, the foremost
bibliographer of his country, was born
in Santiago on the twenty-first of Oc-
tober, 1852, the descendant of citizens
of Cadiz who settled in Chile in the mid-
dle of the eighteenth century. His fath-
er, Jose del P. Medina, was a lawyer,
a judge and a poet who was incapacitated
by disease at the early age of thirty-
three; his mother was Mariana Tavala,
a native of Vallenar.

Medina spent his childhood with his
grandparents in the country where
he learned his letters and at an early
age began his formal education in the


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