who pass all their waking hours amid such unattractive
surroundings. The workshop is a dismal, sunless spot,
and from daylight to dark these busy little workers have
nothing more cheerful to gaze upon than the ever-recurring
design they are laboriously developing."
"Woolen carpets are also being manufactured, but in
price they seem far to exceed similar carpets made in Xorth
China, without a corresponding improvement in quality.
Small silk carpets are also being made, but the demand for
these is limited. For a silk carpet of any given dimension
ninety times the labor is required that is needed in the case
of a hempen carpet. Three hands will make an ordinary
hemp or wool rug, 3 feet by 6 feet, in one day, and it would
take the same workers three months to make the silk car-
pet. The number of carpet weaving establishments in
this district is nearly 2,000, producing 3,000,000 square
yards of carpet in the year, and employing 5,000 male and
13,000 female workers."
THE CRAWSHAW CARPET COMPANY.
n^HE Crawshaw Carpet Company, Xewburgh, X. Y., has
been incorporated with a capital of $75,000, as was
announced in The Review of February 1. The Xewburgh
Xews says that the capital stock is all taken and paid up.
In addition to Ingrain carpets the new company is to
manufacture Smyrna rugs. The mills are located on
Broadway at West Xewburgh, and carpet manufacture
has for some years been conducted there under the firm
name of George Crawshaw's Sons. The late George
Crawshaw began in 1872 to weave rag carpet in a building
on Broadway, opposite the car stables. Xext he moved
to Xo. 90 Broadway, where he opened a carpet store and
ran a couple of looms in a rear room. In 1880 Mr. Craw-
shaw took his sons Samuel and Mark into partnership.
About 1881 they began to manufacture Ingrain carpets.
George Crawshaw retired with a competency in 1886, and
died May 25, 1888. Since then the business has been car-
ried on by his sons Samuel and ilark.
The main buildings are two in number, built of brick,
one having dimensions of 100x50 feet and two stories high,
and the other 132x112 feet and one story high.
The shares of stock in the company are owned as fol-
lows, the par value of each share being $100: ilark Craw-
shaw, 320; Samuel Crawshaw, 320; Jos. A. Sneed, 15;
A. Denniston, 10; A. Y. Weller, 10; Fred Baker, 10;
Charles T. Goodrich, 8; C. L. Waring, 5; B. B. Odell,
Jr., 5; E. C. Barnes, 5; J. A. P. Ramsdell, 5; Benjamin
J. Macdonald, 5; Charles H. Halstead, 5; C. E. Moscow,
5; J. R. McCullough, 5; E. W. Hugg, 5; Walter Dum-
ville, 5; Stevenson H. Walsh (Philadelphia), 5; R. Ennis,
2 ; total, 750. The directors for the first year are Mark
Crawshaw, Samuel Crawshaw, Charles T. Goodrich, Cor-
nelius L. Waring, Benjamin B. Odell, Jr., J. A. Sneed
and Edward C. Bames, aU of Xewburgh
A Fourteenth street, Xew York, auctioneer advertises
his store as a " regular knock-down shop for bidding
The line of Kurdistan carpets now shown by Arnold,
Constable & Co. deserves the special attention of buyers.
They are heavy all wool goods, in a large variety
of sizes, and the designs and colorings are both new and
handsome. Another attractive specialt}' in :Mr. Hock-
ridge's rug department is the new line of Iran rugs in
A Xew York Assemblyman has introduced a bill which
provides that all tight board fences fronting any lot shall
be removed by August 1, and that no such fences shall be
erected hereafter. Wooden fences must be of pickets, or
otherwise open, and must not be used for advertising pur-
poses. All advertising fences or signs must stand back at
least 20 feet on the lot The penalty is $200 fine or thirty
days' imprisonment, or both.
E. S. HIGGINS CARPET COMPANY.
No. 598,333. Carpet and Matting Clamp for Sewina; Machines. —
Edward B. Allen, Elizabeth, N. J., assignor to the Singer
Manufacturing Company, of New Jersey. Filed May 7, 1897.
Patent issued February 1, 1898.
Claim. — 1. The combination with a pair of toothed clamping
jaws, for use in a carpet holding and sewing apparatus, of smooth
surfaced shields removably mounted with reference to the toothed
.surfaces of said jaws and being thus adapted to be placed in position
to cover the said toothed surfaces or to be removed from the said
surfaces when not desired for use.
No. 598,602. Carpet Sweeper. — Frank P. Keesee, Toronto, Canada,
assignor of one-half to Taylor, Scott & Co., same place. Filed
September 13, 1897. Patent issued February 8, 1898.
Clai7ii. — 1. A carpet sweeper consisting of a frame, a centrally
located dust collector, and a centripetally revolving brush or brushes
surrounding the dust collector.
Nos. 28,251, 28.353, 28,278, 28,279 and 28,280. Carpets.— Eugene A.
Crowe, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to the E. S. Higgins Carpet
Company, New York. Applications for first two filed Decem-
ber 23, 1897; patents issued February 1. Applications for last
three filed respectively on December 27 and 31, 1897, and
January 3, 1898 ; patents issued February 8. Term of each
patent, Z% years.
No. 31,190. Cleaning Preparation for Carpets and Fabrics. — Charles
F. Henze, New York, N. Y. Filed December 29, 1897. Regis-
tered February 1, 1898.
Essential feature. — The word "Morocco" and the pictorial
representation of a woman in the operation of sweeping with a
broom. Used since December 10, 1897.
THE BLABON COMPANY'S NEW QUARTERS.
THE George W. Blabon Company are now comfortably
settled in their new and handsome salesrooms, 34
North Fifth street, Philadelphia, where they have two
entire floors, giving ample space for the office force and
for the display of their lines of linoleum, floor and table
oil cloths to the best advantage. Each floor has eight or
ten large windows and electric lights as well, thus insuring
an abundance of light. George W. Blabon, president of
the company, has a large pri-
vate office in the rear; John
C. S. Davis, the treasurer,
will be found at his desk at
tlie middle of the floor, and
Geo. C. Blabon, who acts
as general purchasing agent,
has his office near the front
Pease's bindings and
other specialties should re-
ceive the attention of all
buyers for carpet, curtain,
furniture and department
stores. Write to Chas. F.
Pease, 20 Lincoln street,
Boston, for his new book.
HIGGINS CARPET COMPANY.
The Carpet and Upholstery Trade Review.
LEGISLATING AGAINST CONVICT MADE GOODS.
ARE pending in Congress three
bills intended to limit or
suppress the sale of prison
made goods. One bill, pre-
sented by Representative
Gibson, of Tennessee, pro-
vides that all goods made in
whole or in part in any State
or Territor}' by convicts shall
before transportation into any
other State or Territory be
labeled, branded or stamped
in legible and permanent
manner, " Made by Convicts
at ." The bill further
provides that all vehicles and boats upon which convict-
made goods are transported from one State to another
shall be labeled in letters easily read at a distance of 100
feet, " Work of Convicts at •."
All convict-made goods when transported from one
State into another are to become subject to the laws of the
State into which they are thus taken, and all merchandise
transported in violation of the act -is to be forfeited to the
United States. Persons violating the act are to be deemed
guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by fine.
Another bill, presented by Representative Southwick, of
New York, provides that every person who knowingly
transports or causes to be delivered for transportation for
commercial purposes from any State or Territory in which
they are in whole or in part manufactured, any goods,
wares or merchandise in whole or in part the product of
convict labor into any other State or Territory shall be
deemed giiilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of
not less $2.50 or more than $500, or by imprisonment not
exceeding one year, or both.
The third bill, framed by Representative Littauer, of
New York, provides for a license for the sale of convict
made goods and for labeling and marking the same . It
prohibits persons or corporations from selling convict
made goods without a license. Such license is to be pro-
cured from the Secretary of the Treasury upon payment
of an annual fee of $500 and must be kept conspicuously
posted in the place of business where such goods are sold.
In addition it is provided that all goods made by convict
labor shall be plainly stamped with the words " Convict
Made,'' followed by the year when and the name of the
penitentiary or other establishment in which the article
was made. The labels are required to be printed in plain
English of the style and size known as great primer
Roman condensed capitals. Brands are required to be
used where the nature of the article will permit and only
where branding is impossible shall a label be used.
Violations of these provisions are to be punished by
fines for each offense not to exceed $100, or by imprison-
ment not exceeding one year, in addition to the forfeiture
of the license.
Exports of carpeting and rugs from the consular district
of Bradford, England, to the United States for the twelve
months ending December 31, 1897, amounted in value to
John Crossley & Sons are one of the two English firms
that have secured the right to use the Crompton Axmin-
ster looms in Great Britain, and they have paid the in-
ventors and manufacturers of the looms a handsome com-
pliment in calling the new fabric made on them Crompton
New English Carpet Weaves.
The Kidderminster Shuttle says: "Carpet manufac-
turers are doing all they can, not only to hold markets,
but to open new ones, by catering for the increasingly
varied tastes of the people. Quite recently we have seen
several specimens of new fabrics made on the Jacquard
and Axminster looms, and while some of the carpet has
already got an introduction on the market, and meets
with much favor, the developments have not reached such
a stage that we can describe them in detail. In one direc-
tion the endeavor is to produce a carpet similar to the
Axminster on the Brussels principle; while in another
direction a carpet is being woven on the Jacquard loom,
giving the coloring effects such ae have been only obtained
in the Royal Axminster carpet. Our local manufacturers
are determined to be in the vanguard with regard to im-
provements in the carpet trade."
ORIENTALS FROM LORD & TAYLOR.
AVERY large and desirable stock of Oriental rugs and
carpets is offered to trade buyers by Lord & Taylor,
New York. For some years this firm have been extensive
importers and handlers of Orientals, and at no time have
they held a bigger or better stock to select from than at
present. It will pay to write them about the goods, or
buyers are invited to visit the store and thoroughly exam-
ine the lines in carpet, medium and small sizes.
The directors of the Victor Rug Company, Fort Hunter,
N. Y., have been re-elected.
Geo. Wehn, of Geo. Wehn & Son, the Pittsburg carpet
commission merchants, was a visitor to New York the
James R. Thompson, formerly at the head of the carpet
department of Gimbel Brothers, Philadelphia, is now man-
ager of Kaufman Brothers' carpet department, Pittsburg.
"William Carroll, head of the firm of William Carroll
& Son, carpet and furniture dealers, Rhinebeck, N. Y. ,
died on the ad inst., in his seventy- seventh year.
John J. Hollywood, buyer of carpets, rugs and Orien-
tal goods for Siegel, Cooper & Co., Chicago, has been in
New York for the past two weeks and will remain for
some da3?s longer. His stay is somewhat protracted, due
to the fact that, in addition to his regular purchases, he is
buying for an Oriental department, which the house is
starting on an extensive scale, giving it a space of 40x175
feet on the fourth floor at the north end. The carpet.
Oriental and furniture departments will then occupj' the
entire floor. They are enlarging their workroom and
have put in a Singer electric sewer and serger.
The CAiiPET AND Upholstery Trade Revihw.
OF THE LATE WILLIAM B. KENDALL.
NLY a few days ago there were
gathered in a downtown club-
house several merchants, whose
names are household words in
the dry goods trade. Between
the walnuts and the wine the
conversation drifted to the late
William B. Kendall.
" I wonder how it is," said one
gentleman, whose iron-gray hair
told of years of service in the
trade, " that men of the press,
whenever they are called upon
to say a clever thing about one
of us who has laid down the
harness, always tells the story of our achievements in
later years They invariably forget that we were all boys
once. As a matter of fact, I recall with much more
pleasure the day when I was a member of a Yale crew
and came swinging up Lake Quinsigamond at Worcester
three lengths ahead of Hansard than the day ten years
later, when I closed the big deal in prints which made
me a partner in the house of which that decrepit old
fellow across the table and I are now the owners."
" Those " he went on, " who only knew Mr. Kendall in
his later years can hardly have any idea of the man as he
was before the broader and more weighty burdens and re-
sponsibilities of life had been laid upon his shoulders.
They will perhaps merely recall a handsome gentleman,
well groomed, faultlessly appareled, dignified — nay
courtly — in bearing, reserved at times in, speech, but al-
ways unable to conceal the bright twinkle of the eye, which
told of large stores of fun and sarcasm behind, needing
only occasion or provocation to break loose, and abounding
in a tact which was absolutely ready and armed against
the most unpleasant and untoward circumstance. There
are few of his old associates who remember or who can
without some strain of memory recall the days when he
won a prize for a long cast of a trout fly, his beating-
several of the old Long Island crowd of gunners at double
birds, the skill with which he could play a salmon or his
unerring accuracy with a rifle. Still less can most of them
recall the athletic times when he was a member of the
Excelsior Baseball Club, of Brooklyn. One of his fellows
in the organization was our old friend, F. M. Welles, of
Lawrence, Taylor & Co., the Worth street commission
house, and secretary of the Merchants' Club. Mr. Welles
has not forgotten how in their salad days Kendall used to
shout with a voice strident as a fog horn from his position
at second base, ' Welles, you duffer, will you get that ball
to third?' And Welles would add with a reminiscent
smile, ' In those days it was out on the first bound.' "
"I remembervery well," said George Wheelright, "when
Kendall was in the Excelsior Club. I was then a member
of the junior club known as the Stars. The Excelsiors
played at the corner of President street and Third avenue,
and later at a place called Smedley's Park, at the foot of
Court street, Brooklyn. Our club was then a social as well
as a baseball club, but the Excelsior was solely a baseball
organization. We played against Kendall's team and beat
them, and Kendall and his friends drafted our best players
into their organization. Soon after the professional game
began, and though at that time there was an opportunity
to make large money in the venture, I doubt if W. B.
Kendall ever held a share of stock in the half dozen com-
panies which in succeeding years made so much money
out of the baseball business."
" An instance," said an old carpet man, " of Kendall's
persistence in adherence to any man or any method which
once gained his approval can be found in the columns of
your own paper. The advertisement of the Bigelow Com-
pany, which now appears in The Carpet and Uphol-
stery Trade Review, has never been changed. It was
written in 1883 by T. A. Kennett, of your staff, for a spe-
cial issue of a Western trade paper. Its form struck
Kendall at once, and he immediately ordered it to be
reproduced in your own paper and in all other trade jour-
nals with which he had contracts. He spent thousands of
dollars in exploiting it in Harper's, the Century, Scrib-
ner's and other magazines. Hundreds of times he insisted
that that succinct statement of the Bigelow Company's
claims did more to win popular recognition for the goods
than all other causes combined. I was in Kendall's office
when the advertisement 'first appeared. The late John F.
Orne, of Philadelphia, was attempting in his genial way
to comb down Kendall's evident self-satisfaction, and de-
clared that ' has ' should be ' have.'
" Kennett was sent for. Young Kendall, then a mere
lad, was standing by his father.
" ' Tom, Mr. Orne, says so and so.'
" ' Mr. Orne,' was the reply, " can sell a four frame car-
pet for a full five frame better than any other man in
America, but Mr. Orne's knowledge of the relation be-
tween nouns and verbs is probably not as accurate as
mine You paid me $70 for seven lines of good English.
You got your money's worth. It is full five frame Eng-
"'Now, William,' said Kendall to his son, 'you see
Yale always wins. ' "
" Of course, a man who like Wm. B. Kendall, com-
pletely filled his stage, leaves no understudy, but it was
part both of his character and training to have no man
with him who was not in his special department eminently
competent and absolutely trustworthy. As a result he
leaves a corps of men under whose guidance the big
machine will move as smoothly and with as little friction
as it has moved during the past quarter of a century. In
Fairbanks, Holden, Starr, Plimpton and their associateSj
Mr. Kendall had a staff, each member of which was able
at a moment's notice to assume the position of a division
"But," said one of the veterans, "there are several
things you fellows do not know about carpet history. I'll
tell you some of them. During the war Kendall, then
agent of the Bigelow Company, which was not in those
days a great account, was also selling agent for an
Ingrain manufacturing firm in Philadelphia called Lamed
& Starr. At that time Leander L. Frost, one of the most
vigorous and aggressive men the carpet trade has ever
seen, was manager for A. & A. Lawrence, the predecessors
The Carpet and Upholstery Trade Re'/iew.
of Smith, Hogg & Gardner, the agents of the Lowell Com-
pany. ' Governor ' Davis had just about that time suc-
ceeded Mr. Duny as manager of H. B. Clailin & Co.'s
carpet department. My good mother and yours always
looked for a hollow stick in the centre of a roll of Ingrain.
If she found it she knew it was Lowell make. It was no
advantage to the carpet ; in fact, it was a detriment to the
goods, because they 'telescoped,' as it was said in those
'■ But your good mother used when she bought a carpet
to put her nnger in the stick and was certain that she was
getting Lowell goods. Lamed & Starr used a hollow
stick to wind their goods upon. Then Frost arose in his
wrath. He first found an old grape leaf pattern in Davis'
stock which Lamed & Starr had copied. With magnifi-
cent audacity they had not even recut the cards, but where
the Lowell leaf was green with a black outline they had
simply reversed the harness and made the leaf black
with a green outline. The design was made by E. J. Xye,
and L. & S.'s carpet was the best of the two and Davis
was peddling it out right and left. Frost stamped on it at
once and served notice on H. B. Ciaflin & Co. to sell no
more of the goods. The very next number of The Carpet
Trade Review contained an advertisement notifying the
trade that the Lowell Company would prosecute any per-
son selling carpets wound on a hollow stick. At the same
time they showed outline drawings of the Lowell stick.
" One of the moiZ c-irl 0.15 feaiure^ :: the advertisement
was Frost's ;^-e~e - :''_a:. — hili :.:- l^-^-ell Company
claimed the hoiiow stick as a trade mar!-; ;; - i- a- injury
to the goods. Be this as it may, the 5 '.-r - _ : urt sus-
tained theclaimof the Lowell Company. Lr.r v ' ;; ~:arr
went to smash, but Davis, foreseeing what v ; . - r ; ' r :o
happen, went to Philadelphia and bought ever;.". ; r ^ I. i - ed
& Starr had in sight. I think he even go: a- .r;ler on
Fred Hotchkiss, of Hojrt, Sprague & Co , fir - r 'z , /'-
they held. Before the Lowell Company's ; _ - " :
filed 'Jim' Seymour ha! s.'i eve— 7 ':e;e of "r.e iv:j^. a-:i
Frost with an ^,000 clai- i ,: '.:-:-<.
"Mind you, la— .a. •:; - - f . :r ^^ : a: -a - ere I ^—sr.—-
Sve or more years a^:. arl :rir_- ./i: !. I r ; .re- par-
tictdarly concern rre. rrr I rerrerr er " e- :!' :rar
just before rhe rvar Zeriall. — "r: " a^ .rer ^ Ear-
ned & Starr's goeiE a: .'1 Jr.arrrer- ;:ree:. ^'-
& Plimpton, was ver- aeiirru; :: r.a-iri ' j -
' monr go into busiiiess with i:~. .^eyrrrrr -a- v er i-.h
the famous old house of W. <fe J- Sloane — in fa.: I -ererr-
ber that Seymour stood up wit'r. ""ef_- -rl.ar.e "-rer_ r're
latter was married. Seymour w£: '.a:er f .r rrarv years
with H. B. Clafiin & C - ' ' r ;:r 7e:f:. ~e'.'.er S:
Co. He is a man of ;rf >re r- :re :arr;et
business from A re Ire r r freke
out — in fact, the year /-a. r:>e.
because they con' a r : : .'...: . ;r - . -r . : rr_:E —
Kendall, wlio Jiaf :r^r ;. ::rrl::v" : rv: :r^ nie
$30,000, wanted 5r : - :: ; :r r :rr ar: e:::erf :re r rii-
ness. The firing :r f — -arrrer a-.r;el all .re ..r.ser-
vatism in Kendall ; narire — ;-r f re rill.:- :f:::r rrn —
and he decided to sray as ae a f - :r r r = 1 = r e
in the price of all r:arvfa::v-el a : r e rez:
ten years laid tae fevrli:. r ::r :r ; f:rrrr:e
of which Mr. Kendall ~ as rae rrssesser.
CHICAGO CARPET NOTES.
There have been many buyers from the far 'West in
Chicago recently. Among them were Mr. Stull, of StuU
& Sonniksen, San Jose, Cal. ; Mr.
Sheeley, of the D. J. Hennessy Mer-
cantile Company, Butte, Mon. ; Mr.
Freed, of the Freed Furniture and Carpet Companj-, Salt
Lake City, Utah: M. Friedman, of M. Friedman & Co ,
San Francisco ; M. Frederick, of Frederick, Xelson& Mon-
roe, Seattle: Mr. Schoenfeldt, of the Standard Furniture
Company, Seattle; Mr. Lander, of the Lander Furniture
and Carpet Company, Butte, Mon., and Henry and 'Will-
iam Dinwoodey, of the Dinwoodey Furniture and Carpet
Company, Salt Lake City, Utah.
M. Cooper, of 'W. & J. Sloane&Co., San Francisco,
spent a few days in Ctiicago recently on his way East.
Manager Toles, of A. M. Rothschild & Co.'s carpet de-
partment, has recently enlarged his floor space to accom-
modate a larger stock of rugs, mattings and linoleum.
Captaia Ai'Dert Phillips, for thirty years an employee
of the J. T. Farwell Company, died last Tuesday at his
home. 7210 Wentworth avenue. He was in charge of the
TT. A. "Wie'oolt, whose large retail store, T'fle Lion, at
9-3 T to 94-5 Milwaukee a-.-enue, was 'burned l^t November,
is replacing the struetrre vlt'n a modem four story 'Drick
building, 96s-218, a: a _-: of ^0,000. He esipects to
devote considerable iioor space to carpets.
Rumor has it that Mandel Brothers are again figuring
on extending t'i:e:- ■ - '-•- - :-, include the comer building
nest south of rrerr a and State streets. James
■Wilde, Jr., & &j., :a- ../....-zi, who occupy the ' - • ■;-^-
recently transferred the lease. Marshall Fie 1 e
property. "Who now owrs r're lease :s no:l:ne._. ^.Icn-
del Brothers deny t'aat tire a-e :r:. - -:ef r :'ne lease.
!"■'-':"- 'rlnn Hollyvrood. of .Si-gel, Cv:.yer & Co.'s
rrent, is about to make an important addition
: . h - = . . . •- He :; now in the East making provision for
an Orlenral rrg aeoartment, which he will open to the
rr'rl:: :n a few .nays. He will add largely :o rr.e snaa-e
ra/r Ire now occupies, in order to ~a'ie rarra ::" f.:5
of l?.0sl20 feet, making it one :: :. 'r • : r :: ; .ity.
ra e adaea a earre: ana d'anery department. Ludwig
i;:rr.ene: :vas in Cni-aga reaently buying goods for t'ae
deaar:~en:. ^ ' R. H. H.
The new and e!e
I to oe fnmisnea
-iheE. R. Barr
„. ^ XT,.
.Crosse. La Crosse, Wis.
r :a-re:s. draperies. &c.
rrr issue of t'iie 1st inst.. h^ obtained its
: ar:rides for a capital stock of ^'iO.OOO,
r : rr "ease it to $-500,000. It is said that