FIRST. That the act of Congress regulating trade and
intercourse with Indian Tribes be strictly enforced
SECOND. That no traders be permitted to reside
among the Indians, but such as have been licensed ac-
cording to law
That you press upon the minds of the Indians
the benefit resulting to them by exclusively trading with
FOURTH. That so soon as the Indians visiting the
Factory shall have their trade, you hasten their return
FIFTH. That you discourage and take all the means in
your power to prevent the Indians from exchanging their
peltry with the whites for ardent spirits
SIXTH. That you bring the provisions of the law, to
bear against such citizens as shall sell ardent spirits to
SEVENTH. That you endeavor to excite among the
Several Tribes a disposition to live in peace with all na-
EIGHTH. That you protect and treat with kindness
not only our own Indians but Individuals of such other
Tribes without the limits of the United States as may
visit your agency
NINTH. That you endeavor to ascertain the policy ob-
served by the Spanish Authorities towards the Indians
residing on the Waters of Red River, and how far the
same may be friendly or otherwise towards the United
FINALLY. That you keep the governor of Louisiana
informed of such occurrences within the limits of vour
LETTER BOOKS OF W. C. C. CLAIBORNE. 403
agency as may in any manner affect the interest of this
State or the views of the government
I am Sir,
Your humble Servant
Signed William C. C. Claiborne
John Jamison, Esquire
To William H. Crawford.
New Orleans May 18th 1816.-
Your letter of the twentieth of Jan-
uary last came, enclosed to me the other day, under cover
of one from Colonel Jamison, dated at Natchez the fourth
of this month The Colonel was then on his
way to Natchitoches, to assume the duties of his agency,
and I have addressed to him at that place a letter of in-
struction, of which the enclosed is a Copy
You will observe that the removal of
the factory and Agency from Nachitoches to a position
on the Sabine, is deemed by me highly estimable ;
But in as much as it is necessary to place them under the
protection of a military Post, I take the liberty to recom-
mend that orders be given for the establishment of a
small garrison on the Sabine, at or near the Nacogdoches
road crosses the same, and that the factory and agency
be removed to that place as soon as the suitable buildings
can be erected The Inhabitants of the Parish
and Town of Natchitoches have long complained of the
Inconvenience to which they were subjected by the fre-
quent visits of Indians and I really think that the Inter-
404 MISSISSIPPI TERRITORIAL ARCHIVES.
est of all concerned requires that the cause of Complaint
be removed which can only be done by locating the Fac-
tory and Agency at some more frontier position
I have the honor to be
With great respect
Your obedient Servant,
Signed William C. C. Claiborne
William H. Crawford
Secretary at War
To Daniel L. Patterson.
New Orleans, May ISth 181(5
Elias ainirault Duplessis a native of Louisiana and
Inhabitant of this city, in a trading voyage to cap Henry
in the Island of Hayti, has I am informed been impris-
oned by the authorities there, under charges of being an
emigrant from that Island, and a French Spy
The Father and the Brother of Mr. Duplessis Solicitous
to forward by some safe and Speedy conveyance to cap
Henry documents to prove his nativity, place of Resi-
dence and the innocent object of his voyage, I am induced
to ask, how far you may feel at liberty, to order the com-
mander of some vessels attached to your command and
cruising in the gulph to call at cap Henry, and to deliver
to the authorities there the aforesaid documents
If the convenience of the service would admit of your giv-
ing such an order, you will contribute to the release from
confinement perhaps to the preservation of the life of a
LETTER BOOKS OF W. C. C. CLAIBORNE. 405
fellow citizen whose course of conduct has I am per-
suaded been uniformly correct and honorable
I am Sir
Your humble Servant
Signed William C. C. Claiborne
Daniel L. Patterson
To the Governor of Pennsylvania.
New Orleans 7th June 1816..
I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your
Excellency's letter under date of the 28th of March last,
enclosing an authenticated Copy of an Act of the Legis-
lature of Pennsylvania, Entitled "AN ACT FOR THE
RELIEF OF THE HOSPITAL OF NEW ORLEANS
AND the PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL.
This act shall be submitted to the general Assembly of
Louisiana at an early day of their ensuing session, nor do
I doubt, but they will readily accede to the terms on which
the State of Pennsylvania consents to grant to the hospi-
tal of New Orleans, an annuity of Five hundred Dollars
for Ten Years In the mean time, I have ac-
quitted myself of a pleasing duty in laying a copy of the
act aforesaid before the administrators of the hospital,
and in obedience to their request, I now transmit to your
Excellency, an extract from the Journal of their proceed-
ings It will shew the grateful Sentiments which
the very generous donation of Pennsylvania has in-
spired and the high sense entertained of the truly human
benevolent and honorable motives which influence Coun-
406 MISSISSIPPI TERRITORIAL ARCHIVES.
cils of that great and respectable State
I tender to your Excellency the assur-
My Sincere Esteem and Respect
Signed William C. C. Claiborne
The governor of the State of Pennsylvania.
To William H: Crawford.
gir New Orleans July 13th 1816
I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of a letter
from Mr. P. Haytum the additional accountant of the
war department under date of the twenty fifth may 1816,
announcing that the claim of the State of Louisiana for
the disbursements for Fortifications have been adjusted
and settled and the sum of $16480,,17/100 admitted and
which amount was subject to the disposition of the au-
thority of the State of Louisiana In conse-
quence of the high rate of exchange, and indeed the im-
practicability of passing bills in Washington, at this mo-
ment, I have to request that you would transmit me the
amount aforesaid in Treasury Bills or in an order on the
Banks of this city payable to the order of Felix Armand
Esqr. Treasurer of the State of Louisiana, who will for-
ward duplicate receipts therefor In the mean
time you will hold this letter as a voucher for the pay-
ment of the sum of $16,480,,! 7/100 admitted to be duo to
the State of Louisiana as aforesaid
I have the honor to be
Your humble Servant-
Signed William C. C. Claiborne
William H. Crawford, Secretary at War
LETTER BOOKS OF W. C. C. CLAIBORNE. 407
PARALLEL PRINTED AND MANUSCRIPT SOURCES RELATING
TO HISTORICAL FACTS CONTAINED IN THE CLAI-
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v. 2: p. 8, 42-50, 74-134, 160-90, 252, 399-403
v. 3: p. 26-42, 219-378, 441-71
v. 5: p. 162, 239,323-6
v. 6: p. 220-44
v. 7: p. 172-206, 232-61
v. 8: p. 311-85
v. 9: p. 4, 6, 8, 149, 152
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Adams, John Q. The duplicate letters, the fisheries and the Mississippi.
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Arthur, Stanley C. The Story of the Battle of New Orleans. New Or-
American State Papers. Foreign Relations v. 2, p. 295-355 [treaty &c]
475, 510, 512, 516, 517, 540, 556, 558, 559, 563, 569-72, 573
[Also v. 3].
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Blanchard, Rufus. Documentary history of the cession of La. Chi-
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States and Great Britain. 1817
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(State). Pittsburg, 1814
Brannan, John cd. Official letters of the military and naval officers of
the United States, 1812-15. Washington, 1823
Brazer, Samuel jr. Address May 12, 1804 on the cession of Louisiana.
Bristed, John. Resources of the United States, p. 18, 395. New York,
Brown, Chas. Brocden. Address to government on the cession of
Louisiana. Philadelphia, 1803
Brown, Jeremiah. Short letter to a member of Congress concerning
the territory of Orleans. Washington, 1806
Burr, Aaron. Reports of trials. 2v. Philadelphia, 1808. Trial for
treason. Richmond, 1807
Burr Papers. Library and Rolls Dept. of State, Washington
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solidation of the Union. Baltimore, 1887
Castellanos, H. C. New Orleans as it was. p. 248, 294-344. New Or-
Cession of Louisiana fOld South leaflets no. 128]. Boston, n. d.
Channing, Edward. The Jeffersonian system, p. 60-85, 155-168. New
Claiborne Papers. Library and Rolls Dept. of State, Washington
Clark, Daniel. Proof of the corruption of Gen. James Wilkinson.
Colvin, John B. Republican policy. Frederick, Md., 1802
Cox, Isaac J. Exploration of the Louisiana frontier, 1S03-6 [in Am.
Hist. Assoc. rept. 1904, p. 149 - 74. 1 Washington, 1904
Cullum, George W. Campaigns of the war of 1812. p. 305-41. New
Darby, William. Geographical description of Louisiana. Philadelphia,
DeBow, J. D. B. Industrial resources ... of the Southern & West-
ern States, . . . 3v. New Orleans, 1853
v. 1: p. 425-30
v. 2: p. 136-9
LETTER BOOKS OF W. C. C. CLAIBORNE. 409
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Code noir]. New Orleans, 1841
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Laussat]. Philadelphia, 1909
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New Orleans, 1804
Faithful picture of the political situation in New Orleans at the be-
ginning of 1807. Boston, 1808
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New Orleans, 1902
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pt. 2, p. 26]. New Orleans, 1899
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History Assoc. pub. v. 5, p. 351-87]. Washington, 1901
Fortier, Alcee. History of Louisiana. 4v. New York, 1904
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v. 3, chaps. 1-7
Foster, John W. A Century of American Diplomacy, p. 187-204.
New York, 1900
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p. 386-628. [New Orleans etd. 1903, complete in 4v. with
bibliography]. New York, 1854
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Perkins. [Washington?] 1861
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p. 110, 145, 242-3, 247., Philadelphia, 1879
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v. 8, p. 167-221, 239-53 app. 273-83]. Philadelphia, 1904
Oilman, Daniel C. Monroe, p. 74-93. Boston, 1892.
Gleig, George R. Narrative of campaigns of the British army at Wash-
ington, Baltimore and New Orleans, 1814-15. p. 252-350.
Goodloe, Daniel R. The purchase of Louisiana and how it was brought
about [in Southern History Assoc. publications, v. 4,
p. 149-71]. Washington, 1900
410 MISSISSIPPI TERRITORIAL ARCHIVES.
Goodspeed, W. A. ed. The Province and the States Louisiana and the
states formed therefrom, v. 2, p. 104-425, v. 3, p. 17-66.
Green, Thomas M. The Spanish Conspiracy. Cincinnati, 1891
Guenin, Eugene. La Louisiane [cession] Chap. 12. Paris, 1904
Hart, A. B. Formation of the Union, 1750-1829. p. 185-9 [La.]
189-91 [Burr] 203-$ 213-14, 220 [war 1812] 233 [La,
boundary]. New York, 1892
Foundations of American Foreign Policy, p. 145-7, 186-207.
New York, 1901
Hermann, Binger. Louisiana Purchase. Washington, 1900
Hobby, C. M. The Louisiana Purchase [in Iowa Historical Lectures].
Iowa City, 1893
Holmes, Gov. David. Letter Book, Miss. Dept. of Archives and History.
Houck, Louis. History of Missouri. 3v. Chicago, 1908
v. 2, p. 348 seg.
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tions of docs, in Seville archives, 1800-05.] Chicago, 1909
Howard, Azel B. Louisiana purchase, its history &c. St. Louis, 1901
Hunt, C. H. Life of Edward Livingston. New York, 1864
Hunt, Gaillard. Madison, p. 285-98, 319-59 [war 1812]. New York,
Ingersoll, Charles J. Historical sketch of the second war between the
U. S. and Great Britain. 2v. Philadelphia, 1845-9
- History of the second war. Ser. 2. 2v. Philadelphia, 1852
Jackson, Andrew. Papers Mss. Div. Library of Congress
James, William. Military occurrences of the war of 1812 [only valu-
able for official documents]. London, 1818
Jay, John. Life [by William Jay], v. 1. p. 444-8. New York, 1833
- Correspondence, etc., ed. by H. P. Johnston. New York,
Jefferson Papers. Library of Congress. Mss. Div.
Jefferson, Thomas. Limits and Bounds of Louisiana. New York, 1804
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ward Livingston. New York, 1812
- Writings ed. by Paul L. Ford. v. 8: p. 144, 192, 205, 209,
241, 244-5, 247, 249, 251, 265, 278. New York, 1892-9
Johnson, Emory ct al. History of Commerce, v. 1, p. 209-16. Wash-
Johnston, Alexander. Louisiana purchase, war of 1812: articles in
Lalor's Cyclopedia of political science. Chicago, 1881-4
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King, Grace. New Orleans, p. 157-87 [Lafitte, p. 191-211; Battle of
N. O., p. 213-56]. New York, 1895
King, Rufus. Life and correspondence. 6v. ed. by Chas. R. King,
v. 4, p. 122-4, 262-3, 323-5, 329-32, 363, 513-4, 554-5, 559-
75, 591-7. New York, 1894-1900
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Latour, A. Lacarriere Major. Historical memoir of the war in W.
Florida and Louisiana 1814-15, p. 461-9, 470-83. Philadel-
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tory. Miss. Dept. of Archives and History. See Official
Guide to Mississippi Archives. 1914
Lewis, Virgil A. Story of the Louisiana purchase. St. Louis, 1903
Livingston, Edward. Papers of (owned by Hon. Carleton Hunt a dis-
tinguished lawyer of New Orleans)
Lossing, Benson J, Field Book of the War of 1812. p. 1018-53. New
Louaillier, Louis, sr. Appeal against charge of high treason, explain-
ing transactions at New Orleans. New Orleans, 1827
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J. Q. Adams. London, 1818
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gress] Jan. 4, 1805 Washington, 1805
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Deslix. New Orleans, 1847
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Harrison. New Orleans
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16. New Orleans, 1811 . . .
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412 MISSISSIPPI TERRITORIAL ARCHIVES.
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- Compilation: treaty of cession, laws of Congress for terri-
tory of Orleans, etc. [in French also] New Orleans, 1806
Louisiana Laws, etc. Debate in the House on memorial to Congress
in re Wilkinson. New Orleans, 1807
- Digest of acts of the Legislature of the late territory of Or-
leans and State of La. . . governor's ordinances, etc.
F. X. Martin. New Orleans, 1816
- Digest of civil laws in the territory of Orleans "Old code"
[French & English]. New Orleans, 1808
- Digest of acts of the Legislature 1804-27. New Orleans, 1828
- Digest of laws from 1804-41. Grenier. New Orleans, 1841
- Exposition of criminal laws, territory of Orleans. Lewis
Kerr. New Orleans, 1806
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1st sess. 1st legislature to 2d sess. 3d legislature. New
- Journal House of Representatives. 1st sess. 2d legislature.
New Orleans, 1814
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- Laws of Las Siete Partidas still in force. Trans, by L. M.
L'Islet. New Orleans, 1820
- Laws of the State Session acts 1812-1908. New Orleans,
- Lois du territoire d'Orleans 1804-8. New Orleans, 1808
- Lois de la Louisiane. 1808-9. New Orleans, 1809
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against the Legislature [session 1814-15]. [New Orleans]
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British [session 1814-15]. [New Orleans]
Louisiana Maps 1803-16. Library of Congress. Map Div.
Louisiana Newspapers 1803-1816. New Orleans
Newspapers in City Archives.
City Hall, Xew Orleans, La.
July m. 1X01. to Oct. 17th. 1SOG
Oft. 2Sth, 1806, to Oct. 21st, 1808
Oct. 25th, 1808, to Mar. 30th. 1810
LETTER BOOKS OF W. C. C. CLAIBORNE.
April 3rd, 1810, to April 3rd, 1811
April 4th, 1811, to April 1st, 1812
June 9th, 1811, to Oct. 27th, 1814
March 28th, 1811, to Dec. 5, 1815
Jany. 2nd, 1811, to Dec. 30th, 1816
July 4th, - , to Dec. 5th, 1810
July 29th, - , to November 29th, 1811
Jany. 6th, , to December 31, 1818
Jany. 5th, - , to December 30th, 1816
L'Ami Des Lois:
June 1st, 1813, to Nov. 29th, 1814
Jany., April, Sept. and Dec., 1816.
Louisiana Treaty. Debates in House of Representatives. Philadel-
Louisiana and Florida. Documents relative to 1799, 1800. Spanish
regime. Washington, 1833
Louisiana Historical Society publications, v. 4, p. 141-4 contains list of
documents relative to La. in Madrid Archives. New Or-
Louisiana purchase. Article in Columbian Centinel. Boston, July 2,
- Article by "Fabricius". Boston, July 27, 1803
Lyman, Theodore. The Diplomacy of the United States, v. 1, p. 367-
405. Boston, 1828
M Memoires sur la Louisiane et la Nouvelle Orleans . . .
les avantages que le commerce doit tirer de 1'art. 7 du
traitfi. Paris, 1804
Madison Papers. Library of Congress. Mss. Div.
McAfee, Robt. B. History of the late war . . . [Creek war and
battle N. 0.] p. 454-534. Lexington, Ky., 1916
McCaleb, Walter F. The Aaron Burr Conspiracy. New York, 1903
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Assoc. Rept, 1903 v. 1: p. 131-43]. Washington, 1904
Magruder, Allen B. Reflections on the late cession of La. Lexington,
Marbois, Barbe. F. de History of Louisiana, particularly of the cession
of the colony to the U. S. Philadelphia, 1830
Marigny, Bernard. Thoughts on the foreign policy of the United States
I French & English] p. 23-32. New Orleans, 1854
Martin, FranQois X. History of Louisiana. New Orleans, 1829
Mead. Co\vles. Letter Book Miss. Dent, of Archives and History
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New Orleans. Code de police, etc. New Orleans, 1808-14
Ogg, Frederick A. The Opening of the Mississippi, p. 486-656. New
[Onis Luis de] supposed author, signed "Verus" no t. p. general sub-
ject West Florida. 1810
Orr, George. Possession of Louisiana by the French as it affects
. . . Great Britain, America, Spain and Portugal. Lon-
Parton, James. Life and times of Aaron Burr. 2v, New York, 1864
Perez, Luis iM. French refugees to New Orleans in 1809 [in Southern
History Assoc. publications 1905, v. 9, p. 293-310]. Wash-
Perrin du Lac, F. M. Travels through the two Louisianas in 1801-02-
03 [French edition Paris, 1805]. London, 1807
Phelps, Albert. Louisiana, p. 178-283. New York, 1905
Pike, Zebulon B. Expedition to the headwaters of the Mississippi
through La. territory and in New Spain, 1805-6-7, edited
by Elliott Coues. New York, 1895
Powell, E. Alexander. Gentlemen Rovers, p. 91-124 [Lafitte]. New
Prendergast, Garrett E. Physical and topographical sketch of Miss.
territory, lower Louisiana &c. Philadelphia, 1803
Quincy, Josiah. Speeches, 1805-13 [Admission of Louisiana, 1811].
Robertson, Chas. F. Bishop. The influence of the Louisiana purchase
on the American system. New York, 1885
- Attempts made to separate the West from the American
Union. St. Louis, 1885
Robertson, James Alex. Documents in Spanish archives relating to the
U. S. with transcripts in American libraries, p. 290-323.
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all of v. 2 that fall within this period [translated
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1'etat des Anglais-Americains, etc. 3v. v. 2, p. 62-206,
384 srq. v. 3, p. 137-62, 245-64. Paris, 1807
Roosevelt, Theodore. Winning of the West. v. 4, p. 258-342. New
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Naval war of 1812. pt. II, p. 198-243. New York, 1904
Russell, J. jr. [compilation of letters]. History of the War .
p. 276-90, 333-41. Hartford, 1815
Safford, William H. The Blennerhassett Papers. Burr Conspiracy,
p. 63-583. Cincinnati, 1861
St. Louis Mercantile Library. Notes on ms. records, Spanish, French
and American. The library has the Supreme Court rec-
ords from 1813, and Claiborne's journal 1805-7. Reference
list No. 1. St. Louis, 1898
Scroggs, William O. Archives of Louisiana [in Am. Hist. Assoc. rept.
1912, p. 275-93]. Washington, 1914
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Proceedings of the Mississippi Valley Historical Associa-
tion. Cedar Rapids, 1916
Seybert, Adam. Statistical Annals of the United States, p. 22, 32-7,
344-6. Philadelphia, 1818
Shepherd, W. R. Wilkinson and the Spanish Conspiracy [in American
Hist. Review, v. 9, p. 490, 748]
Sloane, William M. The world aspects of the Louisiana purchase.
Smith, Walter R. Brief history of Louisiana territory, p. 62-92.
St. Louis, 1904
Smith, Zachary F. The Battle of New Orleans. Louisville, 1904
Stevens, John A. Life of Gallatin, p. 201-3, 212-24, 238-45, 260-74, 295,
312-37. Boston, 1892
Stoddard, Amos. Sketches, historical and descriptive of Louisiana.
Sullivan, William. Familiar letters . . . [anti-Jefferson] Letters
43, 46, 47, 48. War of 1812 letters 59-65. Boston, 1834
Sylvestris. Reflections of the cession of Louisiana to the United States.
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[House] p. 35-73 [Senate]. Washington 1803
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ate not reported. Washington 1803-4
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416 MISSISSIPPI TERRITORIAL ARCHIVES.