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AN OLD DAGUERREOTYPE. 315

been rigidly taught not only politeness, but kindness to all. "A servant," said
my father, "is one who serves. He gives us good work in return for good
money."

John remained with us. The last straw was when the old nurse and her
daughter, our playmate and guardian, came to say good-bye.

The mother was a retainer of the family and had been with us five years, go-
ing now to a dear friend in Boston. Mother hastened the adieus, — life was becom-
ing too harrowing. Suddenly the young girl threw her apron or "tier" over her
head and wailed out in Scotch, "Oh, my heart is fairly skwinched on me," and
ran round the house.

We walked down the drive-way and entered the gardner's lodge, which was
to be our refuge. In the ne.xt early morning we heard hammering without and
went to see what it meant. A fence was being built between us and our early
home — we were shut out — "at the gate disconsolate." "()h. Paradise! Oh,
Paradise ! " " Going, going, gone ! ' '

(To be Concluded.)



AN OLD DAGUERREOTYPE



RV ANNA M. rrXTLE.



It has a somewhat bygone look,
This little black, thick-covered book.
Whose velvet welt, whose slender hook,

■ Some tarnish shows.
But though elusive to the sight.
Propitious turnings to the light
Will, scarcely dimmed by time's still flight,
A face disclose.

A stiff, old man, with features dressed
To match his suit of Sunday best ;
The high-cut broadcloth, satin vest

In wrinkled sheen.
The thick stock tied with wifely care
'Neath flapping tabs of linen fair,
The high-brushed peak of thin gray hair,

All plainly seen.

His look, so solemn and severe.

My childish heart would thrill with fear,

Did I but meet his eye-glance here,

In days agone.
Yet children loved him well, they say,
And all my awe had fled away.
No doubt, had once those eyes of gray.

Upon me shone.

My ancestor in direct line.

His blood flows in these veins of mine.

His faults and virtues intertwir.e

To tint my own.
I trace him in those I hold dear,
His form and features re-appear.
Wrinkles like his have year by year

Deepened and grown.

There, close the little faded case.
And lay it in its wonted place,
I Uke the solemn, shadowy face.

Let it rest neai
The Bible and the huge ehapeau
Of training days of long ago,
The sword and cane that yearly grow

More quaint and queer.



A SOCIAL STRUGGLER.



HY JANE MARLIN.



" Louis Richards called yesterday on his way back to Boston and he has
promised to look up my credentials for me at once, so that I can join the
'Daughters of the American Revolution' at their next meeting," said pretty
Bessie Bradford across the breakfast table to her young husband, at the same
time gracefully brushing a crumb from the spotless table-cloth with her long,
aristocratic hand. " I've always intended joining the ' Daughters ' you know,
and possibly the ' Colonial Dames,' for Mrs. Doane, the State Regent of the
Daughters, and a prominent member of the Dames, has been most awfully
gracious since I told her that my great-great-grandfather Peck was a major in
the Revolution and a personal friend of Washington. Why grandmother says
that he so distinguished himself and came home so covered with glory, that the
minister stopped preaching the first Sunday he attended church, and said,
' Show Major Peck and his wife to my seat and let every one rise and welcome
this brave soldier.' That is a record to be proud of, don't you think? Yes,"
with a deep sigh, " I am a great stickler for ancestry Dick, and I am going to
show these snobs who have cut us because we are poor, that we are entitled,
by the right of brains, birth and breeding, to their greatest respect and esteem.
Don't laugh, dear, I am most awfully serious and it hurts me to think that you
are making fun of me and not giving me your support and sympathy.''

" Oh me ! oh my ! Bessie dear, but I am tired of all this nonsense. What
does it amount to any way ? We have only a small salary and can't afford to
entertain and be entertained by the one hundred and fifty aristocrats that the
town boasts of. Why, sweetheart, ten to one of these same Daughters and
Dames would be ashamed to have their ancestors come back and pay them a
visit, even if they did fight in the Revolution and come over in the Mayflower.
I've got you and you've got me, isn't that enough, little wife ? "

" O, I suppose so Dick. Of course I am happy with you but I do wish that
you cared a little more for the conventionalties and society. Can't you see that
our social position isn't as good as the Keiths and they have even a smaller
salary? That is because they have established themselves by their pedigree,
and blood will tell every time. If you could boast of a major in your family
I'll wager that you would be as proud of it as I am and quite as eager to have
it known and to join the Sons."

" Indeed, madame ! Well, let me tell you that I could easily join the
Sons if I cared to do so. I don't say that my great-great-grandfather hob-
nobbed with the immortal George, but he served in the war, and that is all that
is necessary I believe."

" Yes, that is all that is necessary, but I wouldn't go in on a private. When
I parade my ancestors they mi:st be worth parading. What, going ? And you
were not going to kiss me," and Bessie's eyes filled with tears as she held up
her pouting lips.

" Would you kiss her," said Dick, as he led her to the glass and raised her
pretty, frowning face, "Yes, I'll kiss away every frown. You are all right lit
tie girl even if you have got pedigree on the brain. Look up your old major,
God bless him, go ahead and win and no one will be more proud of your social
triumphs than I. But it is time that I was at the office, so ait revoir, madame,"



A SOCIAL STRUGGLER. 317

and with a light, merry, happy laugh, Dick left the house, mounted his wheel
and sped down the hill towards the bank where he was teller.

They had been married not quite two years, and Dick was very fond of his
dainty young wife; very proud of her musical ability, for Bessie had a voice like
a bird and she was quite the pet of the pastor and parishioners of the old, brick
Unitarian church where she sang every Sunday ; and Bessie loved Dick equally
well, but she was an ambitious, energetic, little body, full of life and animal
spirits, fond of society and its ceaseless round of dinners, dances and teas.
This was the one bone of contention between them, society, for which Dick at
heart cared so little. Of course he wanted his wife to shine and to establish
her as became her beauty and education, but he was poor and plodding, and to
be perfectly honest he found it hard to give her the musical instruction that
her voice demanded and make both ends meet at the end of the year. Dick
had never had much chance to get ahead for his father had died when he was
a mere lad, leaving his mother with two younger children and a lot of unpaid
bills, and Dick had been forced to give up school and to put hisshoulder to the
wheel and work for their support. He had loved Bessie secretly for years but
it was not until the brother and sister were able to care for themselves, and the
mother married again, that he asked her to become his wife and to share his
heart and home. He fitted up a pretty little cottage, a few blocks from the
bank, and for a year they were as happy as could be ; then Bessie, who had al-
ways had a social bee buzzing in her bonnet, discovered that they could never
be taken up by the smart set as long as they lived in the unfashionable part of
the town. A slave to her every whim, Dick rented a house over on the hill in
the right section, and their struggle for social recognition began. The people
of the manufacturing town were quite devoid of culture and refinement, two
commodities often denied to the nouvemi rickc, so after many months of striv-
ing Bessie found herself daily in tears because Mrs. de Snobberleigh or Miss
van Ordinaire had cut her. Then aunt Rebecca arrived and told her of her
noble ancestor, and her courage and ambition took on renewed force and she
resolved to join the Daughters of the Revolution, going in by reason of an
ancestor who would, if he were alive, command the respect and recognition of
the whole community.

When Dick left she busied herself with her household cares, singing
blithley as she thought of the coup de tonnerre that awaited the van Ordinaires
and de Snobberleighs, both prominent among the Daughters.

Dick, as he worked away at the teller's window, smiled several times to
himself, for the morning mail had brought him a large, bulky envelope bearing
the government seal. Just before he went out to lunch he opened it, took out
the large sheets of paper and as he read them he whistled a little air of the
street, with the following refrain : " Dere's No Doubt 'Bout My Bein' High
Born." Then he replaced the papers in the envelope and put them away in his
desk. Ten days later the postman handed Bessie a letter from the Secretary
of the State of Massachusetts, and with trembling fingers she broke the seal^
took out the ofBcial looking documents, glancing first at the bottom to see if
they bore the secretary's name. Yes, there it was in black and white, and be-
side it a pale green stamp with " Sigilluin Reipublicce Massachiisettensis" and,
at the top, the magic words, " Revolutionary War Service of Nathaniel Peck."
As Bessie read down the first page all of the bright, rosy color left;her cheeks,
the happy light died out of her eyes and her pretty, fresh, face grew pinched



3i8 A SOCIAL STRUGGLER.

and ashen, but she bravely read on to the end, then the papers fell from her
nerveless hands and with a great sob of disappointment she buried her face in
the cushions of the couch, crying bitterly. There Dick found her when he
came home, and to his eager enquiries and demonstrations of love, she pointed
to the papers on the floor, then burst into tears again. Dick picked them up
and read : " Revolutionary War Service of Nathaniel Peck. Nathaniel Peck
appears in a descriptive list of enlisted men belonging to Hampshire County,
age nineteen years, statue five feet eleven inches, complexion light, term three
months, residence Amherst, vol. 39; p. 217. Appears with rank of private on
muster and pay roll of Captain Job Alvord's company. Col. S. Munay's Regt.,
Hampshire County raised to reinforce the Continental army for three months.
Enlisted July 14th, 1780, discharged Oct. loth, 1780." Poor Bessie, her pride
had suffered a terrible fall and she was for a time inconsolable. Dick, good,
kind-hearted fellow that he was, picked her up in his arms, and after she was
soothed and quieted, and her dampened and ruffled plumage dried and straight-
ened, said : " Don't you mind. Puss, we are all right," and drawing a letter
from his pocket he handed it to Bessie and she read, through her tears, of
brave, staunch old Colonel Bradford who fought and died for his country and
whose great-great-grandson her husband was. What did she do? Well, she
just put her arms around his neck, kissed him and told him how proud she was
of him, and how she had known from the first that he came of good, old stock.

A few days later Aunt Rebecca came for her annual visit. She had scarcely
had time to remove her bonnet when Bessie, vexed and humiliated, brought
her the papers which she had received from the Secretary of State with the
glorioiis war record of Nathaniel Peck.

"There, Aunt Rebecca, read about your major, major indeed ! A pretty
fool you have led me to make of myself over the old idiot. vSo the minister
stopped his sermon to welcome him, did he? A smart minister, that! A
nineteen-year-old private must have been surprised at such an honor! Men
who don't fight and are drafted don't expect such attention from preachers of
the gospel. Oh it is disgraceful after I have gone around turning up my nose
at dear old Dick, and his family, and they descend from Colonel Bradford who
fought so bravely at Bunker Hill. Why I -am not fit to wipe their old shoes.
I could strangle Nathaniel Peck, yes I could ! " and Bessie, quite out of breath
threw herself in a chair. " The worst of it all is the lie I have told Mrs. Doane.
What ever will she think of me ? I will never join on such a record, and I told
her just before the papers came that I had sent for them and should probably
have them ready for the next meeting, which is to-night."

"Wall, Betty, I can't 'zactly see what all this tirade means ; " and the as-
tonished old lady, after reading the papers carefully, took off her spectacles
and polished them upon her black silk apron. " I nuver told you that our an-
cestor 'listed in Massachusetts, dud I ? His wife lived there with her family
an' 'twa.s in Amherst that the minister spoke to him. Your great-great-grand-
father was a major in the Revolution, jist as I told you, an' he was a personal
friend of Washington. You needn't gone to all this bother 'bout the papers,
fer I've gut 'em to hum. I sintfor 'em several months ago, thinkin' as how I'd
jine the Daughters myself, old as I be ; but I had a little common sense, Betty,
and afore I wrote to the vSecretary I looked up the gineology and found out
that Major Peck 'listed from Connecticut. All you've got to do is to git your
papers and then it seems to me that yoii can hold up your head 'bout as high
as anybody I know of."



OLD-TIME MUSIC AND MUSICIANS.



BY N. H. AI.LEN.



As outlined in my last article (\'ol. Ill, Page 286), Mr. Flavel Goldthwaite
and Mr. Christopher Lyman carried on the work in Hartford, which had been
interrupted by the collapse of the Jubal Society, but not until 1827. During
the three years, from 1824 to 1S27, Mr. Goldthwaite had taught singing schools
in the North and South Parishes. From these schools the choirs were
recruited by choosing the most efficient singers ; but the larger bodies were
known as Singing Societies, and frequently gave concerts. Such a society
was also maintained in the Episcopal Parish. An error in the last paragraph
of my former article gave the date 1847, when it should have been 1827. The
first meeting, held at Major Lynde Olmsted's house, for the purpose of organ-
izing the new Choral Society, was on the 24th of October, and has already
been mentioned. Seven gentlemen were present, and later the assistance of
five ladies was secured, and the first rehearsal was held. Nov. 8th, in a room
under the North Church, where there was a small organ. This room was used
by Mr. Salmon Phelps, who had shortly before removed from Hebron to Hart-
ford, as a school-room, and was the stated meeting place of the Society until
Jan. 20th, 1828, when it met in the Center Church. No particular night in the
week was set apart for rehearsals, and they were as often held on Sunda)' night
as any other. Frequently there would be two rehearsals a week, and again
there would be an interval of more than a week.

The following resolution was adopted at the third meeting :

''Resolved, That Messrs. Charles Spencer and D. Dutton, Jr., be a committee to call
upon Miss Louisa Gillinghara, with power to make such arrangement with her, for her assist-
ance in the Society, and for the instruction of the ladies belonging to it, as they shall deem
expedient ; provided, however, that they do not obligate the Society for a greater sum than
One Hundred Dollars."

This sum Miss Gillingham accepted, and at the fifth rehearsal she was
present to assist, and came frequently, but not regularly. Thus Mr. Lyman,
the Secretary, records that on the twenty-second of January, 1828, "Miss Gil-
lingham was also present, and sang, rnost enchantingly, several songs which
she expects to sing at the Society's Concert."

The new members who were admitted during the first few months were
Dr. John W. Crane, Mr. Anson Colton, Mr. James Bull, Mr. Daniel Townsend,
Mr. Aaron Stetson and Mr. Elam Ives, Jr.

This made an active force of eighteen singers, including Mr. Goldthwaite,
the leader. Formidable pieces were attempted ; how well they were done
must be left to conjecture.

The first concert of the Choral Society was given in the Center Church,
on Friday evening, January 25th, 1828. On the programme we find choruses



320 OLD-TIME MUSIC AND MUSICIANS.

from "The Messiah" and "Sampson," by Handel, and the "Hallelujah" from
the " Mount of Olives,'' by Beethoven ; also a full anthem by Kent.

Miss Gillingham contributed generously by singing Handel's "Angels Ever
Bright and Fair," Haydn's "With Verdure Clad," and "On Mighty Wings,"
from the "Creation," and a duett with Miss Lucy Clapp, from Handel's "Judas
Maccabetis." It will be seen all through the records of this early society, that a
serious purpose actuated the promoters, and very little cheap music appeared
on the programs which they brought to a public hearing. It is altogether
probable that the performances were far below the standard of to-day ; and it
appears from the correspondence of Mr. Goldthwaite and Mr. Lyman (some of
which has been given), that they did not even hope to attain ideal results with
the material at hand. They just as clearly saw, however, that their labors
would be reflected in the work of future societies, and were determined to
familiarize the singers under their control — and the public too— with the best
choral music obtainable. Acting on this principle, no doubt, the next step was
one of seeming rashness, for it was no less than announcing the preparation of
the " Messiah," by Handel, for the second concert. Detached choruses from
the " Messiah " had been heard in Hartford for more than twenty years. It
will be remembered that the Hallelujah Chorus was sung by nearly one hun-
dred voices at the dedication of the present Center Church, December 3d, 1807-

It was the desire of the directors to present the work in its entirety
so far as material was available. Four soloists of sufficient culture were not
to be had in Hartford. Miss Gillingham was competent to do the work of the
soprano, and she did more than that, taking some of the tenor parts, and by
transposing some of the alto parts. Mr. Goldthwaite, whose voice apparently
was a high baritone, took the bass solos and recitatives, and also some of the
tenor numbers; notably " Every Valley Shall Be Exalted." The choruses were
sung by nineteen singers, but in this they had a distinguished precedent ; for
Handel gave the " Messiah" himself in 1759 with nineteen chorus singers and
four soloists. This first performance of Handel's " Messiah " in Connecticut
took place in the North Church, Friday evening, April i8th i8i8. The accom-
paniments were played on the organ by Mr. Deodatus Dutton, Jr. Mr.
Lyman, as Secretary of the Society, makes this entry in the records:

"The time occupied in the performance was about 2 hours and 20 minutes. Miss Gil-
lingham sung with more than her accustomed excellence, the members of the Society acquitted
themselves much to their credit, and the numerous audience retired highly gratified."

The preparations for giving the oratorio were interrupted by a request for
the assistance of the society in a cause that was appealing strongly to the
humane people of Hartford at that time.

This is set forth in the secretary's record, as follows :

" Sunday evening, March 9th. A suggestion having been made to the officers of tlic
Society that the Ladies of the Committee for collecting contributions for the suffering Greeks,
would be glad to have a concert given to assist them in their generous work, a meeting was
held this evening at the house of Mr. Charles Spencer to take the subject into consideration.
The following resolutions were passed :

"Resoh'eil, That a Concert be given by the Choral Society for the benefit of the
Greeks.



OLD-TIME MUSIC AND MUSICIANS. 321

'^ Resolved, That the avails of the Concert be paid over to the Treasurer of the Greek
Committee.

^'Resolved, That the Concert be given on Friday evening, the 14th instant.

" Major L. Olmsted was appointed a Committee to obtain permission for the use of the
Center Church for the occasion.

"Messrs. Goldthwaite and Button were appointed a Committee to prepare a bill of
music.

"Attest, C. C. Lym.\n, Sec'y."

Rehearsals were held every evening, with full attendance, until the con-
cert was given. Miss Gillingham generously ofifered her services, and a Mr.
Cyrus P. Smith of Brooklyn, "who was fortunately passing through town at
the time," was also induced to take part, and sang Handel's "Arm, Arm ye
Brave."

This concert was very well attended, and netted the handsome sum of
$153.54. which was added to the Greek fund.

At a rehearsal held in the North Church, Thursday evening, July 24th,
1828, a communication to the President was read and acted upon. The letter
was as follows :

"To THE President of the Chor.-m, Society:

Sir : — I take this method of requesting yourself and the society over which you preside,
to confer upon the Senior Class of Washington college a very great favor.

"It is this : That the Choral Society will sing several pieces of Sacred Music on the
approaching Commencement of Washington College. This favor will be received with grate-
fulness by your petitioners.

"D. Dutto-N, Jk.,
"Committee on behalt of the Faculty and Senior Class of Washington College, Hartford, Conn.

"Thursday, July 24th, 1S2S."

This invitation was accepted, and on Thursday, August 7th, Mr. Lyman
writes :

' • This day being the Commencement of Washington College, the Society met in the
Center Church to assist in the services of the occasion.

"The following pieces were sung at intervals of the exercises, viz. :

We Praise Thee, O God, .... Jackson.

Glory Be to God, ...... Mozart.

Then Round About the Starry Throne, Handel.

Achieved Is the Glorious Work, .... Haydn.

Now the Work of Man's Redemption, /
Hallelujah to the Father,
"jMiss Gillingham was also present and sang 'On Mighty Wings,' a song from Haydn's
'Creation.'

"Mr. James Carter performed the Voluntaries, and Mr. Dutton, our Organist, who had
also an interesting part in the Collegiate Exercises, played the accompaniments."

"C. C. Ly.man. Secy."

Mr. Dutton was a senior in Washington College, which explains the "inter-
esting part " referred to in Mr. Lyman's record. He was then not quite nine-
teen years of age, and died four years later. He must have been a precocious
musician, for he was the first to play the organ placed in the Center Church in
1822.



r . . Beethoven.



322



OLD TIME MUSIC AXD MUSICIAXS.



The midsummer heat seems to have had no depressing effect, for on the
27th of August the society again met for rehearsal, after which the members
were entertained by two visiting musicians. " Mr. B. L. Barclay, vocalist and
performer of music from England, and Mr. T. T. Dyer, teacher and publisher
of music from New York, attended the rehearsal, and after hearing a few
choruses performed by the Society, gratified them by the performance of a few
favorite airs."

The Society met a part of the time in the North Church and a part in the
Center Church until December, 1829, when the meetings began to be held in
Dr. J. D. Bull's Hall, corner of State and Front streets. A few orchestral
instruments were then brought into use, Mr. Salmon Phelps playing the first
violin, and Mr. S. Merrick the second violin, Mr. Lyman the flute, and Mr.
Daniel Copeland the double-bass. At this time, too. Miss Caroline Hoadley,
Miss Emeline Seymour and Miss Rice joined the chorus. On Sunday
evening, February 21st, 1830, the Society met at the South Church to rehearse
with the new organ. The last concert mentioned in the records was given
April ist, 1830, in the North Church, and with the notice of a few meetings
thereafter the book ceases to give further information.

The name of Miss Louisa Gillingham occurs frequently, and enough to
excite curiosity, for she appears to have been educated in a good school, and
far in advance of any other singer in Hartf'jrd at the time. There were three
sisters, all taught by their father, who had been well trained in the pure
Italian school of singing and in the English school of oratorio. The sisters
were living in New York in 1826, and with Mr. Paddon, gave a concert at the
Representative Chamber in Hartford on the evening of August 9th of that
year. The program opened with the overture to "The Magit Flute" as a
four-hand performance on the piano by Misses A. and L. Gillingham. The
rest of the program was made up of vocal solos, duets, trios and one glee for

four voices, selected from works by
Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Rossini,
Bishop and others ; a very difficult and



Online LibraryWilliam Columbus FerrilThe Connecticut quarterly (Volume 2) → online text (page 33 of 46)