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exacting list of pieces. I also have the
program of a concert which the same
company gave in Boston on the 23rd
of August, in which many of the same
pieces appear.

Miss Louisa Gillingham must have
settled in Hartford very soon after
tliis, as the Choral Society procured her
services in the autumn of 1827. Miss
Emma Gillingham, who also lived in
Hartford at the time, became Mrs.
Bostwick, and was for many j-ears a
favorite singer in this region and in
New York.

The program above mentioned is
one of a collection of fifty or more,
which I have before me, covering the
most of the first half of the century, and


throwing much light on the musical activity of Hartford and near-by towns.
One or two features are striking : the preponderance of vocal music, and the
great familiarit}' with the works of Handel, Haydn, Mozart, and many of the
English anthem writers, acquired by our early singers.

Here are several examples of the "List of Tunes" performed 'by the
Euterpian Society in 1817 and 1818 ; quaint sheets, yellow and crumpled, of
fine hand-made paper with edges untrimmed. This is quite the fashion now^
but it does not seem so sincere. Following these is a very ancient looking
sheet with the "order " of a juvenile concert, with the full text of the pieces,
and much more cheerful poetry than one would be led to expect. Next comes
a " Select Oratorio " by the Psallonian Society, at the Second Baptist Meeting
House, West Side, bearing the date May 9th, 1821. This is not a Hartford
program, and the name of the town is not given. May it not be Meriden ?
Tickets were for sale at the stores of Henry Gushing and Oliver Kendall, and
the printers were Jones and Wheeler. I would like some assistance in locating
this performance. Passing over several concerts by the Jubal Society, we
now come to what in these days would be called a song recital. The announce-
ment is made on handsome paper, strikingly printed by P. B. Goodsell. I find
the whole document so interesting that I wish to give it entire : —
Mr. a. T.-\vlur.

At the recommendation of several gentlemen, amateurs of music, and
particularly of vocal excellence, has concluded to give another and last con-
cert, at Morgan's Assembly Room, on the evening of FRIDAY, October 10,
1823, for which occasion he has made the following selection of songs, which
will be sung by him, accompanied by the Piano-Forte, viz.: —

Part First.
Sling, " Alone, retired, beneath some Tree," from the

opera of "Love in the Desart," compcsed bj- . Brahani

Do., "On this cold, flinty Rock," with the Recitative —

" Ye gloomy Caves," from the same opera
Do,, "The Thorn," ...... Shield

Do., "Beware of Love," ..... Cori

Do., "Said a Smile to a Tear," . Brahatn

Do., "The death of Abercombie" .... Braham


Part Second.
Song, "Jessie, the Flower of Dumblane,"
Do., "Scots wha hae \vi' Wallace bled," written by . Burns

Do,, "Bonnie Blue," written by Burns ' . . . Clark

Do., "Dulca Domura," ..... Braham

Do., "I'll love thee ever dearly," . . ■ T. CooUc

Do., "The Anchor's weighed, farewell, remember me," Brahatn

In addition to the above Mr. T. will sing (by particular desire) the sacred songs of
■'Lord remember David," " Fayen is thy throne, O Israel," and "Mar>-'s Tears." Tickets
50 cents, to be had at the bar of Bennett's Hotel, at Morgan's Exchange Coffee House, and at
the store of Messrs. Huntington and Hopkins. It is particularly requested that no money be
paid at the dnor. Performance to commence at half-past seven.

A grand concert for the benefit of the Orphan Asylum, in December.
1826, brings our Mr. Taylor before the public again, three years after his
"positively last appearance." Other performers were, Mrs. Singleton, Mrs.


Knight, Miss Coates, and Signorina Garcia ; Messrs. Moran, Knight, Gear,
Jones, and Weight. Dr. Boyce's duet, "Here Shall Soft Charity Repair" was
sung by " Mr. A. Taylor and an amateur." What charitable condescension on
Mr. Taylor's part ! Who was Signorina Garcia? It is a coincidence that the
afterwards great singer Malibran, then known as Signorina Garcia, was in the
country at the time, having arrived in New York with her father in the
autumn of 1825, and was then seventeen years of age. The rather poor
Italian opera company which Garcia brought with him was disbanded in 1826,
and he went to Mexico. Marie Garcia had about this time married Eugene
Malibran, an elderly and supposedly rich merchant in New York, who very
soon after the marriage failed, and became destitute. Madam Malibran
remained in this country until September, 1827, working hard to support
herself and husband, by singing in public and private concerts. It is
hardly supposable that she would be in Hartford to sing at a benefit concert,
but she may have been engaged as a special attraction.

An Oratorio was given, with Mr. Goldthwaite as leader, by the North
Singing Society on Tuesday evening, May ist, 1827, and was repeated on
Thursday evening, May 3rd. An examination shows it to have been made up
of parts of Haydn's ''Creation," King's ''Intercession" and Handel's
"Messiah," with a number of single pieces. A note precedes the program,
which is as follows : The Society will be assisted in the Oratorio by performers
from the different choirs in the city, also by Mrs. Ostinelli, who will preside
at the Piano-Forte. She will also sing in several of the pieces.

Miss Pease and Mr. Xeivell vocalists,

Messrs. Ostinelli and Warreti will perform on the violins.

Mr. Neiber the trumpet, and

Mr. Wetherbee the concert horn.

Mr. A. Copland the violoncello,

Mr. Doivties the contra-basso,

Mr. Willougliby the clarionette, and

Mr. Lyman the flute.

From the advertisement of this concert in the Conn. Mirror it appears
that Mr. and Mrs. Ostinelli, Messrs. Newell, Warren, Neiber and Wetherbee
were from Boston. Mr. Paddon, before announced "from New York," found
it profitable to remain in Hartford as a teacher. In my collection is the
following announcement :


At the Episcopal Church, on Monday next, Sept. 24 (1S27) will be performed by Mr.
Paddon and his Pupils, a GRAND CONCERT of SACRED MUSIC, consisting of the fol-
lowing sublime Pieces :

V.KV.\ isr.
Solo, " Comfort ye my People saith Your God."
Duett, " For the Lord shall comfort Zion."
Solo, "Praise the Lord with cheerful noise."
Duett, " O Lovely Peace with plenty crowned."
Solo, " The Trumpet shall sound and the dead shall be raised."
Solo and Chorus, " Great God, what do I see and hear T


Part 2nl).

Duett, •■ The Lord is a man of war ; Lord is His name.''

Solo, ■' Angels ever bright and fair."

Quartette, " Come unto me all ye that labour."

Solo, O had I Jubal's Lyre, or Miriam's tunaful voice."

Duett, " Turn thee O Lord and deliver ray soul."

Solo, " Let the Seraphim in burring Row."
Tickets at 50 cents to be had at H. and T. J- Huntington's Book Store, at Ripley's United,
States Hotel and at Bennett's City Hotel.
Hartford, Sept. 27, 1827.

Composers names are not given, but it is easy to detect that, as usual)
Handel's name is well in the lead, seven of the twelve pieces being- of his

A choral concert was given in Christ Church, Friday evening, May i5>
1829. The names of performers are not given, except that of Miss Louisa
Gillingham, who was the soloist.

Mr. B. S. Barclay's concert at Allyn's Hall, August 11, 1S29, had a pro-
gram of sufficient quaintness to be given here entire.

Part L
Overture — Full Band by Amateurs .... La/our
Song— MR. BARCLAY, " The Blue Bonnets" . . Braham

Song— MISS GILLINGHAM, "The Lass O'Gowrie"
Song— T. S. BARCLAY, "The Maid of Langollen" . /. Clark

Glee— Three voices— "The Red Cross Knight" . Dr. Calcott

Song— T. S. BARCLAY, "Soimd the Horn" . . Ale.xr. Lee

Glee — Three Voices — "Dame Durden" . . Nightingale

Part II.
Overture — Full Band by Amateurs . . . Martini

Song — MR. BARCLAY, "My Bonnie Lass now turn

to me." arranged by . . . . E. Ives

Song— MISS GILLINGHAM, "I see them on their

winding way" .... Haydn-Corri

Catch — Four voices — "Scotland's Burning"
Song— T. S. BARCLAY "Said a smile to a tear"

accompanied by Mr. Career. . . . Braham

Catch — Three voices — "Three blind mice"
"The Hunter's Chorus" — Full vocal and instrumental

band ...... Von Weber

On the 8th of October, 1S29, Mr. Barclay gave another concert, in the
same hall, and, with others, announced the first appearance in Hartford of
Miss Pierson, lately from England. From the advent of Dr. Jackson — an
English organist trained in the cathedral service who made a brief stay
in Hartford in the first years of the century — it will be seen that the taste in
vocal music had been formed entirely on English models ; and it was not
until the arrival of these educated English soloists, whose names appear in
the later programs, that secular music had been given any prominence. The
concerts in which they introduced catches, rounds, and glees, with favorite
English ballads of the time, led to a demand for chorus music of this sort,
which early English composers had bountifully provided. Thus a Glee Club
was formed by the most cultured singers in Hartford, and continued several



The earliest program I have seen of the Glee Club is dated January 28,
1835. The names of leader and singers do not appear, and probably will
not be known, unless the records of the organization should fortunately be
discovered. I have reason to believe that the Glee Club was in existence
several years, but am now unable to say when it was disbanded. Scattered
through this collection of old programs are a few that indicate ambitious
performances in neighboring towns. Thus what was called an Oratorio was
given in Bristol, May 3rd, 1826. It was actually a miscellaneous choral
concert, with instrumental overtures at the beginning of each part— the first
by "Seignor' Bach — and an oration at the end of the first part. The piogram
does not say who the musicians and the orator were. The concert closed with
Handel's Hallelujah Chorus.

Another program is that of a concert of anthems and sacred choruses
given on the 14th of March, 1827, in Berlin. A similar concert was probably
given in the Presbyterian Church (Worthington Society) Berlin, August 20th,
1828. The program reads : " If fair weather, if not, on the first fair even-
ing." In a former article it was stated that the Worthington Society pur-
chased an organ in Boston, of Leavitt's manufacture, in 1792. This was
probably ten years earlier than the first organ appeared in Hartford — that
built by Catlin for Christ Church ; but it was more than thirty years after
Richard Alsop's presentation of an English organ to Christ Church, Middletown.
Mr, E. Ives, Jr, conducted a performance of anthems, hymns and motetts
in Wethersfield, April isth, 1829. This was probably the closing exercise of a
term of singing school, when the work was confined to one book, as the page
number is given in nearly all cases.

Another out-of-town program is that of a concert given in the Baptist
Church, Meriden, May 29th, 1829 ; and still another, of much later date, given
in Bristol, by the Bristol Sacred Music Society, at the Congregational Church,

Nov. 8th, 1838.

With a concert given in the Bap-
tist Church, Hartford, Feb. 11, 1835, ap-
pears for the first time, the name of a
musician, who for many years probably
stood at the head of his profession in this
city. Mr. Wm. J. Babcock, as organist,
accompanist and teacher, did a great deal
to shape the course of music in and about
Hartford, and tradition has it that some
of his accomplishments were very unusual.
First, he was a phenomenal sight-reader,
and was so well grounded in harmony
and counterpoint, as to be able to trans-
pose and play the most diflScult oratorio
accompaniments in any key desired. It
is said that he was not an emotional
musician, but in many ways, intellectu-
ally, he seems to have been little short of
THOMAS Ai'i'i.F.mx. a wonder. No attempt can be made here

to give a sketch of his life, as space does not permit. His likeness is
presented with this article, but an account of his'career must be put off to
a later number.



The year 1835 was notable, as in that year the first //^riv-manual organ
brought to Connecticut, and one of the earliest ever built in America, was set
up in the Center Church. An account of the dedication has already been
given ; and the case, still in use, although considerably changed about the key
desk, is familiar enough to everybody. In the first volume of the American
Magazine of Useful Knoivledge, bearing date of 1835, is a description of this
old Thomas Appleton organ, written by the editor, Nathaniel Hawthorne.
[It is said that Hawthorne with the aid of his sister, wrote the whole of the
first volume of The American Magazine, for which, owing to the insolvency of
the publishers, they received no pay.]

A part of the description will surely be of interest in this place : " The
superb organ, which is represented by the engraving on the opposite page
is just finished at the Manufactory of Mr. Thomas Appleton, for the Congrega-
tion worshipping in the Center Church, Hartford. This elegant super,
structure, in point of architecture and symmetry of proportion in its exterior,
is not surpassed by any Organ extant. Mr. Appleton has comprised in this
instrument a greater volume of tone and brilliancy than we have ever
witnessed in any Crgan of its size. Its dimensions are, 25 feet in height, 14
feet in breadth and 1 1 feet in depth. It has three sets of keys, and 36 register
stops, a coupling stop to connect the great organ with the pedals, or both
organs with the pedals, and a coup-

■Ji ^:f!^MjM^l^

ling stop to combine the whole three
organs into one.

"The contents of the above-
Organ are as follows, viz.: The Great
Organ consists of two Open Dia-
pasons, two Stopt Diapasons, one
Principal, one Twelfth, one Fif-
teenth, one Tierce, one Sesquialtera
with three ranks, one Cornet with
five ranks, one Mixture with three
ranks, one Trumpet and one Clarion
with seventeen sub-bass pipes, em
bracing eight hundred and sixty-
seven pipes.

" The Choir Organ consists of
one Open Diapason, one Dulciana,
one Stopt Diapason, one Principal,
one Flute, one Cremona, and one
B issoon, embracing three hundred
and forty-eight pipes.

"The Swell Organ consists of
one Open Diapason, one Stopt Dia-
pason, one Principal, one Dulciana,
one Cornet of three ranks, one
Clarionet, and one Hautboy with
a Tremlant, embracing three hundred and thirty-threepipes.

"The largest wooden pipe is lo feet in length, 24 inches deep, and 21
inches in width. The largest metal pipe is 14 feet in length by 9 inches in'




diameter, and weighs loo lbs. The whole number of pipes is fifteen hundred
and forty-eight.

" Other specimens of this experienced artist's workmanship are exem-
plified in those noble superstructures in Boylston Hall and the Bowdoin Street
Church (^Boston). We understand that two very first rate and expensive
instruments, one for Trinity Church and the other for the Boston Academy of
Music, are about being erected in this manufactory, which will doubtless
redound equally to the credit of the artist and the honor of our countr}-."

Mr. Hawthorne elsewhere writes that organ building may, in the
future, be carried farther than this, but he is by no means sure is that it is
possible ; and yet, when the musician reads the specifications of this primitive
work, he will smile, and understand that because it is so hopelessly old-
fashioned it is here given as a curiosity. The "superstructure," as Mr. Haw-
thorne is pleased to call the case, must remain a thing of beauty, however, as
long as it endures.

A curiosity of quite another kind is the engraved title page of Oliver
Brownson's Select Har/Jionv, done by J. Sanford in 17S3. It represents the
choir standing in the front row of the gallery, around three sides of the
church, as was the custom of the time. John Adams, writing from Middle-
town in 1771, mentions the music he heard there in the meeting house : "The
front and side galleries were crowded with rows of lads and lassies, who per-
formed their parts in the utmost perfection. I thought I was wrapped up."

Cheesboro's History of Saybrook mentions the custom of placing the choir
as in this picture.

Just above the circle, where the musical notes appear, are the words,
" A cannon of four in one,"and within the circle are the words, to be sung to
the "cannon," as follows :

" Welcome, welcome every guest,
Welcome to our music feast,
Mu.sic is our only chear,
Fills both Soul arid ravish'd Ear.

Sacred nine teach us the mood
Sweetest notes be now explor'd,
Softly move the trembling Air,
To com pleat our concert fare."


Querists should write all names of persons and places in such a wa}' that
they cannot be misunderstood. Always enclose with queries a self-addressed
stamped envelope and at least ten cents for each query. Querists should write
only on one side of the paper. Subscribers sending in queries should state
that they are subscribers, and preference in insertion will always be given them.
Queries are inserted in the order in which they are receized. On account of
our limited space, it is impossible that all queries be inserted as soon as
querists desire. Always give full name and post-office address. Queries and
notes must be sent to Wm. A. Eardeley-Thomas, 50th street and Woodland
avenue, Philadelphia, Penn. The editor earnestly requests our readers to as-
sist him in answering queiies. His duties are onerous enough in other direc-
tions, so that only a limited amount of time can be devoted to query researches.


Contributed by RoUin U. Tyler, Esq., Deep River.

45 "On a wooden knoll overhanging the
Connecticut River, about 100 rods south
of Maromas Station of the Conn. Valley
R. R. , and in the limits of Middletown
township is located an antienj burying
ground, long since abandoned. It is
visible from the R. R, track and only a
few rods distant. The grave marks of all
kinds indicate that at least 25 or 30 peo-
ple have been buried there. This is a lit-
eratim copy of all the inscriptions that I
could find. The original spelling, capi-
tals and alignment are preserved. The
inscriptions are all in brown stone, some
of which are broken and thrown down.
Other grave marks of ordinary native

Here lies


of mr. d.^niel
Prioer who died

M.\RCH YE 24 1754



Here lies
the Body of Mrs.
S.^R.^H Prier l.^te
WIFE OK Mr. D.aniel
Prier who Dep.art
ED this life April

08 I.N ye ;7TH


In Me.viory
OK Mrs. M.-^ry Prioer
formerly the wife of
Mr. John Leuc.\3
but died the wife
OF Mr. D.\niel Prioer
August ye 7TH 1750 in


Here lies

IHE Body of

Mrs. Christun Prior


Eeenezer Prior
WHO DIED March ye

20. I7^g IN YE 20TH YEAR


Here lies


bcjdv of widow
Abigail Lee who
DIED April ye 2?rd

1752 aged 86 YEARS

Here lies

THE Body of

Mrs. Mary Lee

late wife of mr.

Lemuel Lee who

died January ye 15

1752 in ye 55rd year

ok her age


Lee Davght

OF Mr. Le.muel and

Mrs. Mary Lee died

Dece.mber ye 16

1746 IN 'IHE 23RD

year of her age


Lee Daughter of

Mr. Lemuel and Mrs.

Mary Lee died

June ye 16 174,

Aged 17 years



Body of Mr.
David Hollister Juner

HE DIED being

Drowned Xove.mber

THE 2qTH 1753 IN THE 34TH

year of his age

(One Foot-stone marked)
G. W.

(One Foot-stone .marked)
L. L.

One fragment marked

BER YE 14, 174—

ye 8 year of her age

.Son of Mr. He-
-zekiah Whit-

YE qTH 1751 ONE



46. Abington, Ct., Cong'l Ch. Deaths

(Continued from page 1,4.)

Jan. 17. Mr. Aaron Fay — supposed to



have died in an apopletic Fit, being

found dead about half an hour after

he was missing — he was in the 56th

year of his age.
Feb. 2. Mrs. Lucy, the wife of Mr.

John Sharpe, age 72.
Feb 3. Sarah Fraizer.
Feb. 13. Mrs. Edney, the wife of Mr.

Nat'l Ayer.
Mar. 4. Mrs. Mary, tlie wife of Mr.
. James Trowbridge.
Apr. 12. Mr. Jeduthan Truesdell.
June 5. Mrs Judith, the wife Mr. Ed-
ward Paine.
June 29. The widow Ringe.
July 24. .\llice Chandler, daughter of

Mr. Si'as Chandler.
.\ug. 19. A child of Mr. Reuben Spald-
ing, age 20 months.'
Nov. 24. The wife of Mr. Amariah

Dec. 22. Mary, infant child of

Amasa Storrs.
Mar. 6. Mr. Silas Rickard, age between

80 and 90 years.
Mar. 24. A child of Mr. Isaac Rindge.
;May 24. Dr. Jared Warner, in the

46th year of his age.
June 10. The wife of Mr. Chester

Oct. 16. A child of Capt. S(iuire

Oct. 16. A child of Mrs. Ford of

Nov. 9. Lavinia Goodell, in the 22nd

year of her age.
Nov. 20. Mr. Jesse Goodell, in the

26th year of his age.
Nov. 21. A daughter of Obadiah Hi^-

Dec. 25. A child of John Bennet.

Tan. 10. Mrs. Abilene, the wife of Mr.

Appleton Osgood, age 41.
Mar. 13. An infant child of Moses

Xaihan Chase, son of Mr. Seth Chase,

aged 16.
July 26. Mr. Obadiah Higginbotham.
August. Molly Hayward.
Sept. 2. An infant child of Samson

Hazard, an Indian residing at Hamp-
Sept. 4. -Vn infant child of"]

Stephen Utley. I Twins

Sept. 8. An infant child of ,'

StephenUtley. J

Sept. 13. Oliver Woodworth, aged 6

years, a child of ]\Ir. Woodworth of

Norwich, that lived at the house of

Mr. Ruben Sharpe and was murdered

by Caleb .\dams of Brooklyn, who

lived at the same place.
Sept. 14. Widow Molly Truesdell, aged

Sept. 16. The wife of Mr. Seth Chase.
Oct 3. Widow Sarah Dean.
Oct. 10 Widow Elizabeth Griggs, in

the 87th year of her age.
Dec. 7. Infant child of Dr. David

Dec. 12. Widow Zerviah Lyon, in

the 83rd year of her age.
Dec. 26. Zerviah Goodell, in the 73rd

year of her age.

]an. 6. .\csah Higginbotnam, aged 24.
Feb. 8. Capt. William Osgood, in the

65th year of his age.
K child of Mr. Sessions, who moved

here from Hampton.
April 30. Widow Anne Wheeler, in

the 85th year of her age.
June II. The wife of Mr. Zechariah

Osgood, 70th year.
June 20. The wife of Mr. Ebenezer

Stoddard, aged 77.
Oct. 6. Mr. Moses Griggs, in the 46th

year of his age.
Oct. 8 An infant child of Silas


Jan. 4. Josiah Stowel, aged 21.
Jan. 8. Mr. John Sharpe, aged 78.
Mar. I. Mr. Nathan Griggs, aged 64.
Mar. 8. Widow Rachel Ashley, aged

.\pril 2. The wife of Aaron Wedge,

aged 30.
.\pril 16. Mr. Daniel Goodell, aged 64.
April 20. .\.\\ infant child of Dr. Joshua

May 16. Mr. Ephraim Ingals, in the

80th year of his age.
July 23. Mr. Samuel Sumner, in the

79th year of his age.
Aug. 30. The wife of Mr. William

Sharpe, aged 66.
Sept. 7. Mr. Ephraim Stowell, aged 72.
Nov. 2. Mr. William Abbott.

(To be continued.)

47. Contributed by George Boughton,
P^sq , of 47 Division St., Danbury, Ct.
Record of marriages by Rev. Samuel
Camp, who preached in the Cong'l Ch.
in Ridgebury, Fairfield Co., ., fromCt



Jan. 18, 1769, to Nov. 21, 1S04; he
was dismissed in i,So4, but lived in
Ridgebury until 1813, when he d. aet
68-2-20. Ridgebury society is located
in a part of both Danbury and Ridge-
field. If one party to a marriage lived
in the town of Danbury and within the
limits of Ridgebury society, and the
other lived in Ridgefield and within the
limits of Ridgebury society, Mr. Camp
describes it accordingly Upper Salem,
Fredericksburgh, Southeast, Philippi,
Philipp's Patent, Nine Partners, Cort-
land's Manor, Poundridge, Little Nine
Partners and Duchess Co. are all in N.
Y. Stale.

I — Mar. 6. Peter Castle, junior, of
Danbury to Rebecca Osborn of
Ridgefield, Ridgebury Parish.
2 — Sept. 14. Matthew Northrop to
Hannah Abbott, both of Ridgefield,
Ridgebury Parish.
3 — Nov. 16. Ezekiel Osborn to Sarah
Bennett, both of Ridgefield, Ridge-
bury Parish.
4 — Nov. 18. James Lockwood of Noble
Town to ]Mary Street of Ridgefield,

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