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SOCIETY IN WOODBURY.

[Contributed by Edward S. Boyd.]

Woodbury is one of the old towns in
Connecticut, being organized in 1670.
We give below a copy of the constitution
of the first temperance society in the
town. The date is probably about
1821 :

CONSTITUTION OF WOODBURY TEMPERANCE
SOCIETY.

Art. I. This Society shall be called
"The Woodbury Temperance Society,"
auxiliary to the temperance society of
Litchfield County.

Art. 2. Any person subscribing this
constitution shall be a meiiiber of this
Society.

Art. 3. The members of this Society,
believing that the use of intoxicating
liquors is, for persons in health, not only
unnecessary, but hurtful and that the prac-



tice is the cause of forming intemperate
appetite and habits; and that while it is
continued, the evils of intemperance can
never be prevented, do therefore agree
that we will abstain from the use of dis-
tilled spirit, except as a medicine m case
of bodily hurt or sickness ; that we will
not use it in our families, nor' provide it
for the entertainment of our friends, or
for persons in our employment ; and that
in all suitable ways we will discountenance
the use of it in the community.

Art. 4. The officers of the Society
shall be a President, Vice-President, Sec-
retary, and Treasurer, to be chosen at each
annual meeting of the Society; and who
shall perform the duties customarily as-
signed to such officers.

Art. 5. The officers of the Society in
their associated capacity shall constitute
an executive committee to carry into effect
all votes and orders of the Society, & to
devise and recommend the best means of
accomplishing its benevolent designs.

Art. 6. The Society shall meet annu-
ally and at such other times as shall be
judged necessary by the executive com-
mittee.



Members of the Society.
Saml R. Andrew
Grove L. Brownwell
Seth Miner
Elijah Sherman, Jun.
Judson Blackman
Benj. H. Andrew
Reuben H. Hotchkiss
Ira Thomas
Walter Cramer
Gilbert S. Uliner
John Cramer
Truman Hunt
Judah Baldwin
Silas Clark



Members of the Society.
Geo. W. Hurd
Jared Allen
Dr. Fred'k B, Woodward
Sami W. Judson
Gould C. Judson
\Vm. B. Hotchkiss
James Cramer
David A. Tuttle



FROM THE SOCIETIES.



STATE CONFERENi:E, D. A. R.



The state conference of the Daugh-
ters of the American Revolution was
held at Norwich on May 26th. In
spite of the unpleasant weather a large
delegation was present in Slater ]\Ie-
morial Hall at 11 o'clock, the hour of
the opening exercises. All the chap-
ters but four were represented.



The meeting was called to order by
the State Regent, Mrs. Sara T. Kinney
of New Haven, and the prayer of in-
vocation was olfered by Mrs. Bulkley
of Southport. The Regent of the
Faith Trumbull Chapter, Mrs. Bella
P. Learned, made the address of wel-



FROM THE SOCIETIES.



339



come, to which the State Regent
made a fitting reply.

The first paper was read by Mrs. A.
J. J. Perkins, who gave an account of
the life of Faith Robinson Trumbull,
wife of Governor Jonathan Trumbull
— "Brother Jonathan" — after whom
the chapter is named. Mr. Jonathan
Trumbull, president of the Connecticut
S. A. R., and grandson of Gov. Trum-
bull, was then introduced and spoke a
few words in praise of the patriotism
of the Connecticut D. A. R. and
warmly commended the work they
were trying to do at the present time.
Miss Root of the Katherine Gaylord
Chapter, Bristol, made a report
for the committee appointed to in-
vestigate the expense of printing a
book of biographical sketches of
the heroines of the different chapters,
and of the real or patent daugh-
ters of the State. After her report
had been accepted. Miss Ellen Lamed
of the Elizabeth Porter Putnam Chap-
ter, read a paper entitled "A Few
Hints." She made a strong plea for
the value of the personal element in
tlie preservation of historical data,
this being her own special branch of
historical research. She claimed that
personal incident is more valuable
than anything else in fixing an historic-
al fact in the memory, and told several
amusing stories to illustrate her point.
But she warned her hearers to be
very sure that the incidents they re-
late as to the achievements of their
ancestors are perfectly true and con-
cern their own grandfathers and
grandmothers and not the ancestors
of some one else.

The singing of the hymn, " Home
and Country," written by Miss Ella
A. Fanning of Norwich and set to
music by Mr. J. Herbert George, also
of Norwich, and now adopted as the
hymn of the Connecticut D. A. R.,
closed the exercises of the morning,
after which all present adjourned to
Breed Hall where luncheon was
served.

The first paper of the afternoon
session entitled " War and the Prison
Ships During the Revolution " was
read by Mrs. Virginia Chandler Tit-
combe of Fort Greene Chapter,
Brooklyn, N.Y. Probably many pres-
ent, even those fairly conversant



with Revolutionary history, had very
scant knowledge of this subject, and
were surprised and shocked to realise
how great was the number of Ameri-
can prisoners who died on three
ships in the harbor of New York be-
tween 1776 and 1783, 11,000 on one of
them alone — the Jersey. She gave a
most graphic and moving account of
the sufiEerings endured by these
prisoners, any one of whom could
have purchased his liberty by espous-
ing the British cause. Not one was
ever found who was willing to do so.
The bones of these martyrs in the
cause of liberty, after many years of
neglect, were at last collected and in-
terred at Fort Greene, where they now
rest. A movement is now on foot now
among the patriotic women of Brook-
lyn to raise funds to erect a monu-
ment to the memory of these heroes.

An original poem, " Uuo Vadis ?"
was then read by Mrs. Mary Bolles
Branch of the Lucretia Shaw Chap-
ter, of New London. This was
followed by a paper on " New
England Divines, and Marriage Cus-
toms in Colonial and Revolution
ary Times," by Mrs. Kate Foote Coe
of the Susan Carrington Clark Chap-
ter, of Middletown. The last paper
of the session, on " Norwich Town
Old Green," was given by Mrs. J.
Porter Rudd, of Norwich.

Mrs. Kinney announced the respon-
ses she had received to the circular
calling on chapters throughout the
state for aid for the wounded soldiers
and sailors in the present war. Most
gratifying success was reported,
$1,000 having been pledged as well as
other aid. The regent of the Sims-
bury Chapter had given her check
for $2,000 for an ambulance for the
Red Cross and had also promised to
be responsible for the salary of a
nurse. The money pledged by the
Connecticut D. A. R. is to be used for
the purchase of supplies for the
hospital ship Relief.

The Melicent Porter Chapter of
Waterbury sends the first nurse to
the front. Miss Cherrie Morton French
of Waterbury, whose mother is one
of the charter members of the chap-
ter. Mrs. Cuthbert Harrison Slocumb
of Groton made a strong appeal to the
chapters of eastern Connecticut for



340



FROM THE SOCIETIES



aid for the soldiers then in camp at
Niantic and Fort Griswold, Groton.

The exercises closed with the sing-
ing of "America." The literary exer-
cises were interspersed with excellent
instrumental and vocal selections by-
local talent.



Later an informal reception was
held at the Norwich club for those
who remained in the city until the
evening trains.



The Daughters of Litchfield and
Washington have organized a chapter
and named it the Judea Chapter D. A.
R. On June 9th they held a meeting
at the home of Mrs. Gunn, in Wash-
ington, and elected ;the following offi-
cers : — Regent, Mrs. F. W. Gunn ;
Vice-Regent, Mrs. John L. Biiel ; Reg-
istrar, Miss Fannie P. Brown ; Cor-



Sec, Mrs. George C. Woodruff ; Rec-
Sec, Mrs. Wm. Brinsmade ; Treas.,
Mrs. W. J. Ford ; Historian, Miss
Frances Hickox ; Board of manage-
ment, Mrs. H. W. Wessells, Mrs. S.
Ford Seeley, Mrs. W. H. Church, Miss
Anna Brinsmade and Miss Ruth
McNeill.





The memorial of the first English
settlement in Connecticut, recently
erected by the Abigail AVolcott Ells-
worth Chapter of Windsor, marks a
spot as interesting and important to
the people of our state as any that
have been commemorated of late.
The boulder, of which we give a pic-
ture, is about a mile from Windsor



center, on what is known as " The
Island."

At the dedication, an historical
paper was read, prepared by Deacon
Jabez H. Hayden, an address given
by Mrs. Kinney, and other appropriate
exercises were enjoyed by the large
number of people present.



We are glad to note the general
response made by the various chap-
ters to the request for aid to the
soldiers in the present war and the
efforts of the Society in this direction,
as well as its interest in preventing the
desecration of the Flag, and increas-



ing the teaching of patriotism in our
schools by the system of prizes
offered for essays by the pupils, are
to be heartily commended. They
show themselves to be progressive,
fully alive to the desirability of doing
useful work.



FRO.}r THE SOCIETIES.
CHILDREN OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.



341



On May 14th, 1898, the ruins of old
Fort Decatur were marked by the
Belton Allyn Society, C. A. R. of
Gales Ferry. This spot, most beauti-
fully situated on Allyn's Mountain,
north of Gales Ferry, historic from
the fact of Decatur's sojourn there for
21 months while watching his fleet
which was blockaded in the Thames
by an English fleet in New London
harbor in the War of 181 2, is im-
portant to be commemorated, and
Mrs. William Moulthrope, the presi-
dent of the Society, deserves credit
for her successful efforts.



The inscription is on the face of a

huge boulder, and reads as follows :

This boulder

was marked by

The Belton Allyn Society, C. A. R.

of Gales Ferry

as being the

north boundary

of Fort Decatur

that was erected

in the
years 1813 and 1814

to protect •
Decatur's fleet from
the JBritish.



THE CONNECTICUT FORESTRY ASSOCIATION.

Contributed by Miss Mary Winslow, Secretary.



" He who plants a tree, plants a hope."



In December, 1895, certain individu-
als of this state, realizing and deplor-
ing the fact that the magnificent for-
ests of our countr)- are being rapidly
swept away, and desiring especially
that the woods of Connecticut shall be
preserved, and its people educated to
protect shade and ornamental trees,
banded themselves together for this
work, drafted and signed a constitu-
tion, and thus was founded The Con-
necticut Forestry Association. It was
regularly organized the following year,
has now a membership of fifty or
over, and holds its annual meetings
upon Arbor Day.

The objects of the association as set
forth in its constitution, are substanti-
ally as follows: To develop public
appreciation of the value of forests
and of the need for preserving and us-
ing them rightly; to forward the es-
tablishment of forests, parks and res-
ervations, advocating the introduction
of- rational forest management in such
lands; to disseminate information re-
lating to the science of forestry and
the care of trees; to encourage the
study of forestry and kindred topics
in the schools. The association is not
restricted in its efforts, to the state of



Connecticut, but its influence will be
used also for the advancement of na-
tional forestry.

The first president of the associa-
tion, and one of its founders, was Rev.
Horace Winslow of Weatogue (Sims-
bury), who declined re-election this
year on account of ill-health. Mr.
Winslow has ever been a friend of
trees — planting, guarding, cherishing
them. Many years ago, when pastor
of a church at Rockville, he planned
for that place two parks, securing
sites, raising money, grading and set-
ting out a number of trees. So that
Rockville owes her now beautiful
pleasure grounds, in the heart of the
city and full of fine shade trees, as
much to his individual eft'orts as to the
gifts of funds from other citizens.

Mr. Winslow's successor as presi-
dent of the Forestry Association is
Major Edward V. Preston of Hart-
ford, also a lover of trees and inter-
ested in their preservation. A man
in active business, he will undoubted-
ly accomplish much for the develop-
ment of the association and the en-
largement of its usefulness. The vice-
president is Hon. T. S. Gold, long and
well-known as state secretary of agri.



342



THE CONNECTICUT FORESTRY ASS0CL4 TIOX.



culture. The other officers for 1898
are as follows:

Corresponding secretary, Miss Mary
Winslow, We'atogue; recording secre-
tary, Prof. John B. McLean of Sims-
bury; treasurer, Mr. Alfred Spencer
Jr., Hartford; auditor, Mr. Appleton
R. Hillyer of Hartford; advisory board,
the above named officers and John B.
Lewis, M. D., and Ellen R. Carr, D. D.
S., both of Hartford.

At the last annual meeting, Mr.
Gold read an excellent paper upon
" Forestry in Connecticut," which was
followed by a general discussion par-
ticipated in by Judge Loomis of Nuf-
field, Maj, Preston, Mr. McLean, Mr.
J. Hale of Glastonbury and others. It
was stated that many people are not
aware that there is a state law by
which trees upon the highways may
be preserved from removal, if marked
with certain spikes which are fur-
nished by the secretary of agriculture.
The spikes are headed with the letter
C, denoting that the trees thus marked
are henceforth under the protection of
the state.

At this meeting the members passed
resolutions relating to the death of
Dr. Birdsey G. Northrop, the " Father
of Arbor Day," in Connecticut. They
also instructed the secretary to pre-
pare and transmit to our members of
congress, a remonstrance against the
passage of the Forest Reserve amend-
ment to the Sundry Civil Bill, then
pending in the United States Senate.
This was accordingly done and a re-
ply was received from every Connecti-
cut senator and representative, all of
them expressing sympathy with the
efforts of the association and most of
them promising to do their best to
prevent the passage of such an unwise



measure, which, if enacted into law,
would abolish at one stroke, the forest
reservations set aside by President
Cleveland. It is evident that the
country needs arousing to the fact
that forests, aside from their com-
mercial value, have almost as great a
worth, in that they hold in place the
soil of mountain sides, prevent in large
degree, destructive floods, conserve
moisture for irrigation purposes and
stream-flow in dry seasons, purif}- the
atmosphere and modify climatic
rigors.

At the last session of the legislature,
a member of the association sent in a
bill to have all locomotives provided
with spark-arresters. Although sever-
al of the committee on agriculture, to
which it was referred seemed favor-
able to the passage of this bill, yet it
was adversely reported and thus killed
for that time. Many citizens appar-
ently do not know that hundreds of
acres of woodland in this state are
burned over nearly every year, set on
fire by sparks from locomotives.

As the dues of the society are mod-
erate, one dollar for annual and fifteen
dollars for life membership, it is hoped
that the good people of Connecticut
may largely identify themselves with
this organization, so helping to make
our little state already generously
prepared by nature, a veritable garden
of beauty, and to preserve for all the
inhabitants of this country, their
children and children's children if
may be, to remote generations, a frag-
ment at least of those mighty primeval
forests, which in all their grandeur
once covered great portions of the
continent and are still, it is supposed,
without a peer on the face of the
globe.



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The Coni^ecticut Quartehlv



Vol. IV. October, November, December, 1898. No. 4.




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>♦♦♦♦♦♦.«♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦



I The Connecticut Quarterly *






AN ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINE

Devoted to the Literature, History, and Picturesque Features
of Connecticut



PUBLISHED QUARTERLY

By the CONNECTICUT QUARTERLY COMPANY

66 State Street. Courant Building
George C. Atweli. Editor. HARTFORD. CONN.



CONTENTS.



Vol. IV



October, November, December, 1898.



No. 4



H
1^



#1



Mount Carmel — The Sleeping Giant.

Salisbury. Illustrated. .

Forestry in Connecticut.

Hamden. Illustrated.

Judge Not. Poem.

The Deciphering of Ancient Manuscripts,

Youth and Nature. Poem.

The Row of Maples. A Story.

Peter Parley — As Known to His Daughter. lUus



Fronti.
Ellen Strong Bartlett,
T. S. Gold,
J. H. Dickerman,
Louis E. Thayer,
Eihi'in Stanley Welles,
Nellie Wooster Cooley,
Albert L. Thayer,
Emily Goodrich Smith.



lllu.strated. Albert C. Bates.

Susan Benedict Hill,



Connecticut Almanacs of Last Century.
Not Forgotten. Poem.

List of Burials, Center Church Burying Ground, Hartford.

Copied and annotated by Mary K. Talcott.

Departments. — Genealogical Department.
Historical Notes.
Publisher's Notes.
Index for the Year 189S, Genealogical Department.



•piece
345
372
376
390
391
393
394
399
408
416
417

421
423
424
426



Copvrisht. i-;jS, by GF.i'. C. Alwt.l.L (.-(.'.'
Entered at the Post Office at Hartford, Cnnn., as ma



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Investments

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The Connecticut Building and Loan Association, of
Hartford. Conn., will produce $2,000. If death occurs
in the meantime the Shareholder's heirs, or his estate,
will receive the $2,000, and, besides, the book value of
his shares.

Income-producing city and village real estate, and
a paid-in-cash guarantee (Reserve) Fund of $100,000 00
form together the security offered to Shareholders
Assets over $800,000.00. Accredited agents through-
out Connecticut and in other States. Correspondence



solicited.



E. C. LINN, Secretary,
252 Asylum St.,

Hartford, Conn.



The Religious
Herald.

336 Asylum Street,
Hartford, Conn.



Congregational Weekly
of Connecticut.



Single Subscriptions and Renewals,
New Subscribers (in clubs of five),

REUBEN H. SMITH,

riditor and Proprietor.



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JUST ISSUED

Edition liiiiitcil to ;i(IO Xuiiiltercd Copiei^,
with ru))rifa1ea!!('. printed on
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Births, Marriages and Deaths, returned from

Hartford, Windsor and Fairfield, 1631-1691,

and entered in

The Early Land Records of the Colony
of Conneeticnt. A'olnines I and II. of
Land Heeords, and No. Dof Colonial Heeds.



Transcribed and Edited
EDWIN STANLEY WELLES,

Member of the Connectieiit Historical Soeiety.

These records now for the first time printed,
should be possessed by genealogists and
historical libraries.

Price, .^1.50.

Address EDWIN STANLEY WELLES.

Newington, Conn.



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...THE



Connecticut Quarterly,



AN illustrated MAGAZINE,



DEVOTED TO THE



Literature, History, and Picturesque Features



OF



CONNECTICUT.



Vol. IV.
January to December,



HARTFORD, CONN.

Copyright, 1898 by GEORGE C. ATWELL.



The Connecticut Quarterly.

" Leave not your native land behind." — Tlioreaii.



Vol. IV.



fourth quarter.
Oct., Nov., Dhc , 189



No. 4.



SALISBURY :

■A Puritan Arcadia anion:? tlie Hills." — Dr. BiaJinell.



IIV KLLEN STRONii liARTLKTr.




ALISBURY is tucked awa)- in the northwestern corner of the state,
j^ among the rocks and hills, as if her beauties were to be screened from

the gaze of careless eyes, and to be reserved for the enjoyment of

those who seek them with a fixed purpose.
We speak of "old Salisbury :" the adjective is applicable to the hills and
streams that have smiled to the heavens for centuries, but it scarcely belongs
to the town, on the scale of Connecticut history. In fact, it might be called
■'young Salisbury;" for when the impulse
for discovery and colonization had spent it-
self in the southern and middle portions of ' j./
the state, and the trials and discomforts of
founding a commonwealth had passed into
the steady strain of established social rela-
tions, that impulse did not die; but gaining
new force by former success, drove men
forth from their peaceful homes, on the
ceaseless westward c^uest which must find its
end in another age than ours.

These " Western Lands" were a wilder-
ness in the eyes of the Hartford and New
Haven colonists. The secrets of the sylvan
retreat were rudely disclosed during the last
days of King Philip's war, when a band of
savages, defeated by the white men, fled
through the pathless woods, to join the
Mohawks near Albany. Major Talcott, of
Hartford, pursued them hotly, and, match-
ing the Indian wiliness, surprised them at soldiers' mon^




346



SALISBURY



a ford on the west bank of the Housatonic river. There, in the grey light of
early dawn, the paleface and the redskin met in a fierce conflict ; and the
paleface triumphed, killing or capturing fifty of the foe. No poet was there
to sing the wild struggle in the midst of Nature's choicest scenes, and yet the



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