William Corner.

San Antonio de Bexar; a guide and history online

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tlers dwelt there for a short time previous to their removal to San Fernando.
Vide Dr. Cupples' reminiscences.

Opera House.— Situated on the west side of the Alamo plaza, fronting
the garden and almost opposite the Menger hotel. It is a veritable -'Bijou"
and during the season. Opera and the legitimate, follow each other unceasingly.
The building is the home of the San Antonio Club, tasteful in all things. This
admirable in.stitution is treated of at length elsewhere.

Turner Hall. — A fine hall for public meetings; concerts and other at-
tractions liohl the ])()ards throughout the sea.son.

Casino Hall. — An elegant room attached to the Casino club. The home
of a famous German association. This hall is frequently used for concerts and,
nearly always, for the larger select dances and germans that take place during
the winter. It has pleasant parlors, is prettily decorated, and located in a re-
tired bend of the river in the heart of the city.

Convention Hall.— A hall erected on Flores and Houston streets for
the accommodation of the vState Democratic Convention of IS'.IO. There are
otlicr halls in the city, l)Ut these are all that will interest the tourist.

Newspapers. — The San Antonio Daily Express (morning) is the lead-
ing journal of the city, as of Western Texas. It is devoted to the interests of
its section, and, while democratic in politics, it is blessed with a large share of
refreshing independence and the brightest staff of ncwspajK-r men in the state.



NlCWSrAri'RS. ICTC. :i')

Its (luarlcrs are on Coinincrce street, and with its new press, stereotyping appar-
atus and airy olTiccs, Die tout ensenib/f is a credit to journalism anywliere.

The San Antonio Daily Times (evening) is a sturdy democratic sheet. It
claims to be the heir of the San Antonio Daily Herald (the earliest Texan daily)
and is a i>ushin,i;- i)ai)er convinced of the great destiny of its city, and untiring in
furthering; its progress.

The San Antonio Daily l^ight, (evening) Rc]nil)lican. "The only
Republican daily of the State," a newsy and ably edited journal. It makes local
items a specialty, and is energetic in promulgating its principles according to the
Light that is in it.

The Express has a good "semi- weekly" edition, and the Times a weekyone.

The Freie Presse fur Texas is also published here with a daily and weekly
edition. It is a very inlluential German paper.

El Heraldo is a Spanish weekly for those citizens who prefer the language.

The Texas Stockman is what its name indicates, and circulates all over the
State, being the recognized medium of the enormous stock indu.stry of Western
Texas.

There are other minor publications, and a Monthly Magazine, the Texas
Field, devoted to sport.

Stock Yards — On South Flores street are many lots given up to the
Horse and Mule trade. Here may be .seen the true and only Cowboy, and with
little difhculty in the matter of introductions, the tourist may make the
acquaintance of stockmen whose flocks and herds brow.se upon a thousand hills.
Here, too, may be met many a queer border type as may be noted in the
accompanying illustrations taken from life.

City Additions. — The suburban Additions to the town are numerous,
and enormous sums have been spent in land, Electric Street Railways and
Landscape Gardening for their development. The most important are the West
End, the Alamo Heights, the Lake View, East End, Beacon Hill, and vSouthern
Heights. It would be invidious to compare them. The visitor will find ample
facilities to visit them all.

Artesian Wells.— The finest Artesian Well of the State is the natural
one formed b\- the Springs of the Head of the San Antonio River. This water
comes from an enormous depth, being of an even temperature of 70° Fahr. the
year round. It affords the purest possible drinking water, and is San Antonio's
chief blessing. It is evident that there are several water-bearing strata, all arte-
sian and of considerable volume, in the neighborhood. Mr. Brackenridge is
having a well bored which is already •i-lOO feet deep, but artesian water has not
yet been struck ; the boring however will continue to the depth of .'5(100 feet.

The Kampmann well, sunk on the Salado to a depth of hi") feet, yields a
strong sulphur water, used for medical purposes.

The Crystal Ice Factory has a well of pure water at a different depth, flowing
several hundred thousand gallons per diem.



36 SAN ANTONIO DE BEXAR.

The Scholz well, on the River bank, flows water slightly brackish, and by
a separate pipe the same well supplies his establishment with gas.

At West End clear Artesian water was reached at a depth of only 250 feet in
one case, and 259 in another. These wells have their ov^erflow into the artificial
lake of that suburb. In boring most of these wells, oil and gas were encountered,
but the mo.st notable instance of this is that of Mr. G. Dullnig, near the Salado.
It has a flow of oil which is marketed. The apparatus on the ground is
extensive and altogether this subject is worthy the attention of visitors with
capital to invest.

Real Estate. — There are many reliable and old established Real Estate
firms in the city. The stranger should consult only such, and if purchasing, it is
well to get an abstract of title; this is easily obtained.

Amongst all the States, Texas is peculiar in her land matters, and differs in
many things, even from her ancient Spanish sisters. The United States owns no
public lands within her borders, save such small tracts and parcels as may have
been ceded for Military Posts, Cemeteries, or Public Buildings for Federal
purposes. The old Spanish vara (33^ inches) is still a legal land measure,
though, curiously enough, the Mexicans have long since discarded its use for that
of the metre. We vSpeak, too, of a "league," of a " labor," or of a " suerte "
of land. The titles to land in Texas are very variously derived and their origin
frequently curious. We have grants from the Kings of Spain,* grants to colonists
and individuals by the Republic of Mexico, and similar concessions by the
Republic of Texas. Then there are Headrights, and Locations on Scrip, issued to
supply the necessities of the infant State, or to reward veterans. Later we have

* Yoakum, who has done more for Texas History than any other man has or now can, relates an interest-
ing chapter on Land Titles in Texas. The following is an interesting excerpt. Vol. II, pp. 2HI


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Online LibraryWilliam CornerSan Antonio de Bexar; a guide and history → online text (page 6 of 22)