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The earls of Cromartie; their kindred, country, and correspondence (Volume 1) online

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take or misinformation, or which [is] as bad a rule as ether, on conjecture ;
for when your Lordship said yee would have none witli yow but your owne
and the Macleans and Broadalbin, I advised that Lochiels and tire Brae
men and Glengarie might be called, which yow were for, and accordingly
they were writt to, viz., Lochiell, Keppach, Glengarie. The rest benorth
were at the samne tyme w^itt to rendevouz at Lochness ; and in Huntlie's
letter he was desyred ether act with the whole there, if occasione offerd, or to
send such parties as your Lordship should judge fitt to desyre. I apprehend
yow will rather have too many then too few, for provisiones most be scarce,
and necessity of dissipating for want of bread is what I feare most, unless
Argyl's printing press mak men as weell as pasquils ; but I apprehend he
will over to Carrick or to Glasgow^, in which case no doubt yow most follow ;
and the other body with Duke Gordon to move to Argyle to prevent his
return, if your Lordship and the army press him in the low country. Pray,
my deare [lord], consider matters or yee grow angry at them, and beleeve not
evry litle representation till yow see the bottome ; and as yow nobly writt in
your letter, doe what is proper at present. It will be done. I wish it fall in
your hand, and I hope it will, if he goe not over to Carrick. — I am.

My Lord,

Your faithfuU humble servant,


Beleeve it, if yow call more men as yee can provyd, yow break, M'Intosh

said he had no men, and so only desyrd a comission to call such of his kinn

as others left, viz.. Earl INIurray and Duke Gordon.

For the Marquis of Atholl, Lord Leivtenant of Argylshyre.



31. Alexander sixth Earl of Moray to [Sir George Mackenzie,

Lord Tarbat].

Winchester, September 15, [16]84.
My Lord, — Your kynd letter I reseaved on Setirdays night by the
tiyeinge paket, as acceptable to me as at any time befor. Your kyndnes
and correspondence I vaeluie as mutch as I can express, which I besitche
yow taek for no complement, but from the sincearest intentions of on that
loues you, and desires to serve you. I haue bine verry ill this week past,
and am not now able to uryt what I uould ; but shall verry speedily returne
a particular anssuer to yours. The Kinge and Dwke ar extremly pleased
uithe the accounts you haue giuen conserninge Spence and Carstaers.
His Majesty uill send a letter of thanks to the Secret Commity for ther
diligence and good service, which all good men doe highly esteame. — I am,
uithe great sincerity, my Lord,

Your fathefuU servant, as you haue known me many years agoe,


32. Mr. William Carstares to the Lord Eegister, [Lord Tarbat].

Stirling, October 8, 1684.
;My Lord, — The scruple made by the Captain of the Castle about the
meaning of the letter sent to him for the receiving of me prisoner hath made
me presume to give your Lordship this trouble, which I doe with the
greater confidence, because of the allowance your Lordship was pleased to
grant me at parting, of troubling you with my concerns. I doe not doubt,
my Lord, but both your selfe, and the other Lords, who signed the order for
my free prison, did design it should be as full as might be, consistent with a


restraint : but the commander in this place, not thinking himselfe sufti-
cientlie warranted by what was written to him about me, to allow me what
libertie I had in the Castle of Edinburgh, and what I am confident was
designed for me by your Lordship, hath thought fitt to restrain me from
walking within the Castle walls, unlesse attended by a serjeant, or some of
the souldierie of the garrison, by which your Lordship's favour is almost
rendered uselesse, and I in some manner still a close prisoner, being thus
deprived of any retirement, haveing but one room for my selfe, wife, and
maid. I doe therefore, my Lord, huml)lie begg the favour of your Lordship,
that by satisfieing Captain Stuart's doubts, I may enjoy the libertie which I
knoAV your Lordship thinks I do ailreadie share of. I must also, my Lord,
take the freedom to tell your Lordship, that the kindnesse I have alreadie
mett with from your Lordship's selfe and my Lord Secretarie, doth make me
presume to exspect that I shall, through the endeavours of your Lordships, have
in a litle time my remission and libertie upon baill, and (if thought necessarie),
I promise to appear when called : which favours, when granted, it shall be my
endeavour so to improve, as neither his Majestic may have cause to repent
of what he bestowes on me, nor your Lordship of your kindnesse to, my Lord,
Your Lordship's most humble and faithfull servant,

W. Carstares.
For my Lord Eegister.

33. Alexander sixth Earl of Moray to the Earl of Perth, lord high
chancellor of Scotland.

Whitehall, 11th November 1684.
My Lord,— I am commanded by his Majestic to let you know that the
Lord ]\Ielvill being shortly to be (if he is not already) declared a rebell or


fugitive from his INIajestie's laws, it is his will and pleasure that, in the
Lord Treasurer's absence, you, and all others concerned, connive at his Lady
her possessing the whole moveables, untill his Majestic shall think fitt to
declare his further pleasure in that affaire. — I am, my Lord,

Your Lordship's most humble and faithfuU servant,


For the right honourable the Eaiie of Perth, lord high chaucellour of Scot-

34. John first Earl of Breadalbane to the Lord Commissioner
[William first Duke of Queensberry].

Balloch, May 20, at 6 afternoon, [circa 1685].
May it please your Grace,— I hav these 2 dayes attended the Marquis of
Atholl about issueing orders for the shyre of Perth, and for provisions. I
am just now aryved at this place, and am ordering my men in Breadalbine
to meet me the morow at night, at Strafillan, which is 24 mylls uestuard
from this touards Argyll shyr, uher I am to randevouze all that in so short
time I can bring togather, uhich I think uill be about 7 or 800. I
resolv to march uith them imediatly into Argyllshyr, and ther mak a
head for such Highlanders as uill appear for the King, that non may any
longer pretend but that they shall hav a post to come to, which is in Glen-
urchy, near a strong castle uhich is uasht by Lochow on 3 syds, and the 4th
is a peninsula, befor uhich ther is a plane of a mile of lenth and half a mile
broad, invirond on 2 sids uith deep rivers, and a ditch and trench befor it.
It is a large meadow, so inclosed, able to containe severall thousands, and
saif on all sids, if the boats vpon Lochow be secured, as I heard the Marquis
say he had ordered John M'^Nachtan to doe. But if they be in the possession


of the rebells, this place uill not ansuer altogather my designe, which is to
bring provisions from all quarters within half a dayes march about that logh ;
as also to attack Achinbreks house, if I may, if it be in ther possession, it
being but 3 myls from that logh. So that, if I hav boats, I am sure to mak
them very vneasie in the continent of Argyll shyr, uherin I shall (as I hav
good reason) do my outmost endevour infill my Lord Marquis come vp, and
then I shall receav his orders. This designe may bring the seat of trouble
to be in my oun land ; but that, and all I hav, shall be sacrificed for so just
a King as uee hav to serv. ]\Iy Lord, it's fitt your Grace and the councell do
send me presently a comission to rease the caditts of my familie, ther tennents
and inhabitants in this sh}^ of Perth, although some of them be in my lord
chancelor's jurisdiction, and others in the Earl of Murrayes ; for such fall not
under the Marquis of Atholls livtennentry : so that if by a comission I call
them not out, they ar to stay at hom, uhich uill discurage others. I hav
in the mean time presumed to call for them to lieast, night and day, to me,
uhich I hope your Grace and the councill uill appro v, although it be an-
terior to the dait of my comission. Be pleased also that the comission
contain a remission and approbation of uhat shall be don by me, or those
under my comand, in proseqution of this service ; for ther uill be mor done,
I conceav, then I did uhen I uas put to ansuer for it, and ther may ryse a
chanceler that knew not Joseph, which is necessar for me to gaird against.

I intend to cary all the meall I can provyd be the uay uith me, to keep
our men togather intill the Marquis bring mor with him. On of my motivs
to heast to that cuntree is, that I may give sure intelligence, which I perceav
lies not been given from thence to the IMarquis these tuo dayes bypast. For
Balechan and his pairty, I hear now, ar saif, and come from Ilia to Kintyr
befor the ships came befor the Illand, and from thence they ar coming vp
Lochfyn to Innerarae, which I am very glayd of vpon many accompts. The


ships uer then on the contrarie syd of Kintyr to Lochfyn, nherby it was saif
enouch for Balechan to mak his escape by sea, as his sone hes done be land
through Argyllshyr and this cuntree, and is now in Atholl.

I eontinow still of the opinion I uas of, that the rebells uill not stay on
the coast of Argyll, for fear of the King's ships, but uill heast to ther
apoynted port ; and may be Mr. Charles Campbell, and such as he can get to
joyn him, uill endevour to stay in that shyi-e so long as they may, uhich I
trust uill not be long. I can giv no information as yit if that shyr, or any
considerable person therin, hes joynd or not ; but I sent thither ane express
from Stirling yesterday, uho the morow will bring me trew and late intelli-
gence of the state of that effair, uhich shall therafter be immediatly trans-
mitted to your Grace. In caice your Grace and the councill think fitt to
comand my men in the south to come home, I hav sent the inclosed order to
ther officers, to be pervsed by your Grace, to allow, or disalow, as it consists
uith your missurs of the King's service ; and I humbly offer if they may not
now be mor vsfuU in Argyllshyr then with the standing forces, which I
altogather do uith dew submission to your Grace's judgment. I am hopfull,
if I wer once in Argyllshyr, to keep the gentrie, and even many of the
comons, from joyning uith rebells, or else they ar farr changed vpon me ;
for I hav made them lasie to ryse when that late Earle had a mor legall
cause then now he hes, and less dangerous to them. I pray God send us
good ueus from England, and I am not at all affrayd of the success of rebells
in this kingdome.

I humbly offer it to your Grace's consideration, if it uer not fitt that some
able pen should draw a proclamation against the rebells, narating that treason-
able declaration of the late Earl of Argyll, and vndeceaving the simple, jealous,
zealous, comon people, of that sham trick of mentioning the quarrell to be
the danger of popry, a trick that began all our mischeif in King Charles the


First time, and now they ar again at it ; a cloak to all the rebellions that hes

been these 40 years, ather in France, Germany, Holland, Hungary, Brittane,

and Irland ; uheras it's conspicous to tlie uorld, that the heads of these

rebells in all these kingdoms minded nothing less then any religion, but

meerly out of discontents, or to cary on ther oun privat interests, all which

might be cited. And I am sure, if Earl Argyll had gott his uill of Mull

and all his oun estate, ther had not been on uord in his head of the pro-

testant religion, and his conscience uould hav been lyk other folks', uhich uas

large enouch to mine his vassals ; and I uonder that he uho pretends to sett

vp for tender conscience, uill only except out of that libertie our King, whois

conscience, I am sure, is as strick, and dictats to him uhat is just to be done,

as much as the consciences of any protestant in his dominions. And I hav

seen that late Earle as familiar uith j)ersons of that persuasion as ever I see

him uith any, although he now rails at them beyond uhat uee say of Jeus,

or Turks ; wherin he sheus very litle charitie. I should not tliink it amiss,

that somthing uer sayd to this purpose, to please the people ; but uhither be

uay of pamphlet, or by authoritie, I submitt to your Grace's uisdome. This

is but a continoued track of treason, as appears by his printed letter, although

he pretends his quarrell to be only with this King. I am, with all respect,

may it please your Grace,

Your Graces most obedient and most faithfull servant,

For his Grace my Lord Comissioner.

35. John Eael of Melfort to George Viscount of Tarbat.

London, 9th July [16]85.
My Lord, — I uas surprised to see it from Scotland this day, that the Earl
of Morray had ureaten to you, that I uold not joyne uith liini to represent


iihat ye desired in Lord Melvill's behalf, I never refused, but, on the con-
trary, pressed it. But to sho the falsness of that accusation, I uent to Earl
MoiTay befor CoUonell Maxuell, and inquired if he had said so ; for if he had,
he kneu he had injured me. He suore, as he should ansuer to God, he
never wreat any such thmg to you in his lyfe : nor could he, for I uas ready,
as I am upon all occations, to serve you, I shal make no further observa-
tions, but that I am, mor then any Mdio dare say the contrary, my Lord,
Your Lordship's most humble servant,

Monmouth is tane at Dorset shire ; inquire at my brother.

For the rio-lit honorable the Vicount of Tarbat, at Eowstoun, Scotland.

36. Donald M'Donald of Benbecula to George Viscount of Tarbat,

Lord Eegister.

Muidortt, 25th Jully 1685.
j\Iy verie noble Lord, — Since the Capitane's death, I am informed he
allowed to yowr Lordship ane thowsand merks of his drove the lastt year,
quherof yowr Lordship lies nott as yett gott payment, or if yow have itt
was with much dificullttie and trowble to yowr Lordship to gett thatt
areisttmentt loosed. Bott as yowr Lordship lies ever beine a freind to
our familie, soe have yow bein in thatt affair, quhilk, with yowr former
favowrs, aughtt nott to be forgott, and shall never be forgott by me dure-
ing my presentt statione or thereftter. INIy Lord, if thatt money quhilk
was arreistted be gott up, yowr Lordship may be pleased to call nott onely
for yowr thowsand merks, bott for the haill fowrscoir fowr pownd sterling,
and if itt be nott as yett gottine up, yowr Lordship may cawse John
]\rTarlane use all legall cowrse for recoverie therof be yowr Lordship's

DR. J. GORDON, 1687. 49

advyce ; and quhen recovered, your Lordsliip may call for itt in pairtt of
paymentt of whatt is restting yowr Lordship. And if itt shall altogither
feall (as itt hes once done were nott yowr Lordships cair therof) I shall,
God willing, be cairfull sua farr as in me lyes to see yowr Lordship satisfied
sua shoone as possible I may and this esttaitt allow, for of any creditors
yowr Lordship aughtt nott to be posttponed. I have writtine a lyne to
this effectt to John M'Tarlane. — I restt, my verie noble Lord,
Your Lordship mostt humble servantt,

D. M-^D., of BenbecuUa.
For the verie honored my Lord Eegisstter of Scottland.

37. Dr. J. Gordon, London, to George, Viscount of Tarbat.

London, 24 May 1687.
My Lord, — The preservation of a person so knoweing, and so usefull,
not only to the state, but also to the comonwealth of learneing, should be
werie considerable to all concern'd in both or either ; and tho my pretensions
can ryse no heigher then to be a welewisher to the mathematickes, as the
proverbe goes, yet the particulare esteeme I haw for your merite makes me
offer my adwyse in case the troublesom ague should attacque your Lordship
againe. To passe by the fyn speculations of Joanes,^ Sacchius,^ and of some
late French wrytters concerning the materiall cause of this distemper, its
loudgment, the warious steps of its progres in formeing the paroxismes,
with ther neatly contryw'd genealogie of all the symptomes, as not beeing a

^ Joannes : three authors of this name said to have been composed by the jihysicians

wrote on medical subjects. One of these is of Salerno, for the instruction of Richard the

known as author of a commentary on Aris- First.

totle's Physics, published at London iu 1588 ; - Sacchius : probably Pompeius Saccius, the

the second wrote on fevers; the third, snr- author of a " Novum Systema Medicum," and

named De Mediokmo, edited the " 8chola other medical treatises published at Venice

.Salernitana,"acurious work in Leonine verses, in 16S5 and 1686.


fitt subject for a letter, and that I find the result of the practicall part does
not ansuer the promises of the theorie, — I give your Lordship ane account of
my practise, grounded (as my constant exsperience confirmes) on solid
reasons ; and, because the minera morbi loudges in the stomak guts and their
appendices, if ther be no counter indications, befor I give any specifickes,
I vomite and purge my patients till I make the first region of the bodie wery
cleane. If ther be a plethoric, I mak a proportion betuixt the masse of the
blood and the cavitie of the wessells, and then goe on securelie with
specifickes without the feare of any subsequent paroxismes or hazard of
a relapse. I give the womiter sex houres befor the fitt : if it work
not downeward, quhen its operation is ower, I cause give a swinging
glister; and immediatly quhen it lies done, I give this bole (altering the
doses according to all the circumstances of the patient) : — I^. diascordii
theriace Venete ana. 3/j ; salis volat. succini bechii mineral, ana. 5ss. ; lad.
opiat. gT. iij. mis.

I tryst the giveing of this bole so, that the patient may fall asleep befor
the fitt com. Quhen the sweat is ower, I purge off quhat the forgoeing
womiter hes loused, and the sweatter wrought in to the internall cavities ;
and quhen the operatione of the purge is ower, I give ane ownce of sirup de
meconio mix'd with two ounces of aq. cardui. to quyet the blood againe. Then
quhen the minera morbj is thus disloudged, I ordaine the followeing bole
ewery fourth houre in a quotidiane, ewerie sext hour in a tertian, ewerie
eight in a quartan, for foure or fyw dayes ; 1^. quinq. 3 j, sal. centaurij gr. x.
cum sirup, gariophili fi. bol. to each night bole ; and to each bole befor the
tym the fitt used to com, I ad one, two, or three gr. of lad. op. or mor,
according [to] the condition and circumstances off my patient ; and for som
tym therafter I obleidge my patients to tak three glasses a day of the
tincture of quinq. made in strong claret, quliich I use quhen children and

DR. J. GORDON, 1G87. 51

persons of fyn pallates are coucern'd who "will not take boles. It' the cir-
cumstances of my patients obeidg me to stop the feaver befor the cause be
remou'd, 1 mak use of the tincture ; for I find quhen the first region off the
body is full of tuff phlem and such humores, the bark beeing given in the
substance, is not mastered by the ferment of the stomake, but loudges ther
beeing inviscat by those wiscid recrements, and so procures werie trouble-
som symptomes. How soone I get the ague quyeted in such persons and
they get som strenth, I remoue the minera morbi as formerlie ; and eacli
night quhen the operatione of the medicin is ower, I give this bole ; 1^.
quinq. 3j, lad. op. gr. iij, cum sirup de meconio. fi. bolus. It's the fait of the
phisitian, if purgmg medicines given after the use of the quinquina, in sub-
stance or tincture, cause any aiguishe paroxismes retoure. Tliis method
newer failes me, and Mr. Dumbarre will informe your Lordship how and
how soone I cur'd him of a double tertian, after he was long in the hands of
others in this place. Iff your Lordship would cause mak a dyet ale for your
ordinarie drink, of the bitter herbes, such as dandilyon, fumiter, litle centaurie,
carduus, wormwood, juniper berries, angelica, mace, and millipedes, it would
contribute much to sweeten the blood. And if yow please to infuse in shirrie,
zedoarie roots, gentian roots, calomus aromaticus, wormwood, litle centaurie,
and the guallow of the rinds of oranges, and tak a glas of it in the morning,
another be foure a clock in the afternoone, another goeing to bed, you will
find advantage by it. But abow all, yow must keep the first region of your
bodie cleane, els all alteratives ar to no purpose : so once a weeke, or
at least once a fortnight, yow should secure the keechie of all those humores
or excrements may hinder good cliilification and vitiat the ehile, by some
gentle medicine aggrees Ijest, and the drinking som t}'mes wyper wyn would
not be inconvenient. 1 have sent the 9 doses of quinq. by Sir William
Paterson, and quheriu I can serve yuw in this place non shall be mur


willing, and if your health receawe any advantage by my directions, it will
procure extreame satisfaction to, my Lord, your Lordships most Immble
servant, - • J- Gordon.

For preventing your ague, infuse in a chappen of good claret ane ownce
of quinq. wele pudered, and after yow haw purg'd gently, tak twyse a day a
glas of this tincture, for a weeke or two.

For the ridit honorable the Vicount off Tarbett.

38. Hugh Dallas, Writer, to George Viscount of Tarbat.

Cantra, .3d June, 1687.

i\lY good Lord, — This day in the afternoon, and at this place, my brother
St. Martines did let me see your Lordship's letter to him, and not till then.
The cause off that was fra the time he gott the letter till yesternight I had
not occasion to see him, tuixt his being in Sutherland and the Aird. . . .

As to your Lordship's rights from the dignities, I mean your tacks off
teinds, your Lordship shall have such as I have off them, and my brother the
deane, your own kind freind and servant, will send you his tack, and referr
the compositione to your selff. He never gave a tack to the late Cromartie,
whatever he did to me ; and for that ye and I will agree. . . .

I wrait to your Lordship since, that I made a further scrutinie [of the
progress of Cromartie], and spock to Xewhall, Drynie, and Hugh Baillie, and I
find each of them have part. The first tuo gott tliem from Jonathan, and the
last had ane essentiall paper, viz., tlie irredimable right and dispositione made
be the magistrats, counsell, and comunitie off Cromartie, to Sir John, off the
propertie, superioritie, few, and blensch dutie off all the burrow lands, roods, and
tenements, to be holden a me et de me, gott be him in wmquhile Alexander


Davidsone's cliist, who was Cromartie's clerk, who I doubt not but liad seine
more off Cromartie's papers, but Hugh Baillie sayes he has no more. . . .

God be with your Lordship. I am, your Lordsliip's most huml)le, and
most affeetionat servant, Hugh Dallas.

Iff my health serve me, I will (God will[iug]) see yow this summer, but iff
not I cannot help it. Yet I will do all I can at home for your Lordship ; and
send me information, and answer my letters from time to time. My brother
had terrible cross vexation and stay wp in that Aird, among that averse
hetroclite folk. What that may produce I know not ; but I am sure your
Lordship will hardly have logick to persuad him to goe there againe.

For the Yicecount Tarbat, Lord Eegister — These.

39. The Honourable Alexander Melville, afterwards Lord IJaith,
to George, Vlscount of Tarbat.

Monimaill, September If, 1G87.
My Lord, — I hear from my aunt, m}^ Lady Wemyss, that her mother has
both writt to yow and expects yow over to confirm her in her opinion of
keeping the church, and expects yow will condemne my aunt for hearing
Presbeterians, which I hope yow will not be rash in doeing, for reasons I
shall acquaint your Lordship at meeting, but shift any such discourse with
this, that persons ought not to be prest in matters of conscience. If yow
doe otherwise, it will be a disobligation to my aunt ; therefore I thought
my self obliedged to advertise yow, for many of tlie present ministers have
taken advantage of my ladies being failed to give a bad character of both
her daughters, so that she is scarce in speaking terms with my mother, and my
aunt has a very unconfortable life with her. I pray yow let me know when
yow come over, that I may come and hawck witli yo\v, and learn yow the wny


to Monimaill, and I shall tell yow my reason of this. My mother this night
had a letter from my father, discharging her to writt any more, because he wold