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att, lodend with irne and I know not what els. The men are all safe, and I
hear they got uery good peniwortes of it ; but nather my son, nor any ther,
aqu'anted me any thing conserning hir ; bot so sone as lolin M'Leod come
from the hilandes, which was the wery day I furst beared of it, I sent him
ther to se what truth was in it and to secure the anker and best rop. I beared



68 THE CRO MARTI E CORRESPONDENCE.

the luvernes men "boght op all at a ueiy shep rat. When John returnes I
will send you a trow acount. I lykwayes sent him to se if any moni could
be had for melle, or any thing els I had, for the litl uitwall that you and I
sold, you know, ther day is nott corned ; and I lykwayes sent to Chanri to
see if Heow Bellr could send any. The litl moni I had I allwayes was glueing
of it to the wark men. I had seuen or eght that behoued to haue payment
euery Seterday. Its trow it was hot litl, but many smales mackes a gret.
I haue only ten or twelw pound to send, and if lohn can get me any, I shall
be seor to send it when he returnes. If I could get moni for butter or chies,
I want not that. I haue giuen out a gret deall of chise for the neow crop —
a ston of chis for a firlot of bear. This is as all my nighbores does, bot I can
get non almost sold at marketes, for it giues small prise, ther is so gret plenti
of it this year. Our wark goes on bott sloly. You know M°gumeri is not
oner suift, bot he is ioging on ; I hope it will shortly be redi. I am iust
going about to cut turff for laying the grines. I know not bot you may be
angri, seing I had no derection wher to cut. We know no place bot ether
from the syd of the moure as we goe to church, or in the wood aboue the
hous. Dason is doeing on ; and now that I haue horses, I hop something
may be done, bot slades is the thing that kiles our horses, for cartes will not
goe wher the stones ar. Dauet is busi skliting the turettes. I am only now
uaiting for a litl more lyme, which is uery ill to be had ; for John nides for
Tarbet, who is indid a uery good griue and becomed a uery frugale man.
To tell the truth, ther is litl ealle drunk in his house or myne, not that we
uant it to any that comes, bott uhay is uery plenti, and when he stayes with
me he drinkes nothing bot uhay, except in the morning, and that uery litl,
and it agries uery well with him. I browed only once since you uent from
this. You know I had uery good aelle in the hous, which I botteled, and it
keipes uery well ; and I beliue the wine is uery good to, for oght I know, for



JOHN FIRST MARQUIS OF AT HOLE, 1690. GLt



we liaue not gret us for it. Once we drunk a flow botteles, when my sister
Sefort come to dyne with me with her chaplen and brother in laue. I am
told they fish preti will att Conen iust now. I resolue to send oner and se
how it goes with theme, when John returnes. I liear Wil Sinclair is maried
doun in Tarbat with Ann Doneldson, my woman. She uent from this with-
out tacking line, with chyld to him, and stayes with John to wash his linin
and mack his bed. Tho she parted in that fasion with me, you know uery
will ther is no obligation will oblidg you to pay Willem Sinclairs debt, or
any thing he will say he took one my behalf, without they haue my hand-
writ for it ; uther wayes ill seruants, as he was on, might wrong masteres in a
gret deall of moni. I left no acounts unpayed or giuen tiket for, as Jeames
Linsay knowes, and Ann Menizes. You writ me no acount of my sones wife.
They tell me she is broght to bed of a doghter. I know not if it be so : I
get neuer a letter from any of my doghteres, tho I writ many. I know not
what you haue done with Jeames Sinclair and my thre hue gini pises. This
is anoff [at this] tyme. God preserue you and mack me thankfuU for your
recouery and helth you now liaue. I am

Your faithfull

A. Tahbat.
For the Viscount of Tarbat.

53. John first Maequis of Athole to George Viscount of Tarbat.

18 August, \circa 1690.]

My dear Lord, — I received yours, 14 instant, conscerning my Lord

Lovett's business. You write my Lord Kinarde is very pressing about his

money. If troubles had not falln out, I had certainly paid M'hat I owe

my Lord Lovett ere now ; but the truth is, I am in noe better condition to



THE CEO MART IE CORRESPONDESCE.



doe it then your Lordship is. I haue gott a summonds from Megins and
some others, for pretended fines. My estate is ruind, and if I must pay
those fines, I must resolue to goe to prison and suffer any thing, for I am
not able to doe it. Notwithstanding of my condition, it being just of it self, I
am content to giue what securitie I am able to Mr. Yeaman or Liuetenantt
Collonell Murray : and your Lordship will thinke what way to satisfie the
rest thats oweing to my Lord Kinard, wdien you goe north. As for that of
my Lady Wemes, I doe not well understand her claime ; and if your Lord-
ship whoe knoNves it thinke fitt that Breay, or any other, will transact it
as easie as can be on termes to pay it, for ought I know it may be a great
advantage to my Lord Lovett. I writt in my last to entreat I might see
your Lordship before you goe north ; if you pleas, at Kinross, or to let me
know where you woud haue me meet with you, — I shall not faile to waite
on you ; the sooner the better, for we are all like to be undon with those
Highlanders. Tho you shoud make a starte and goe back againe, I shoud
earnestly entreat that favour ; and you woud be pleasd to cause Fleming,
my servant, to giue me notice, that I might be advertised in time to waite
on you. I am goeing tomorrow to Atholl, for all the paines that can be is
takeing to debauche those people : but though I goe there, it shall not hinder
my meeting with your Lordship where you will apoint. I am sory for the
chase Master of Forbess has gott, for I am afraide soe long a chace may doe
him hurt, and bring the diseas upon him the army brought out of the High-
lands. — I am,

Your most faithfull humble servant,

Atholl.
For the Viscount of Tarbott.



ANN DUCHESS OF BCCCLEUCH, 1690.



54. Ann Duchess of Buccleuch and Countess of Cornwallis, and Charles
Lord Cornwallis, to David third Earl of Leven and George
Viscount of Tarbat.

Westminster, the ICtli September 1690.
My Lords, — Wee being informed that by a late Act of parliament
takeing away patronadges, the heritors and church session are authorized
to give a call to such persons as they shall thinke fitt to be there ministers ;
and seeing wee live at such a distance from our estait in that kiugdome, it
can not be supposed that wee should have any knowledge of the fitness or
abilitys of any persons to be preachers in any paroches, — therefore wee doe
earnestly recommend to you to informe yourselves of persons that are qualifyd
by law and fitt for the particular churclies that they shall be called to, where
our interest is concerned ; and for that end write to our chamberlens and
others of your acquentance who live in these paroshes that are vacant, that
they may doe there utmost dilligence for provideing ministers well qualifyd
to such vacant paroches wherin any of our interest leys, and particularly to
the paroshes of Hawick, Castletoun, and Canobie, the first being the most
considerable mercet toun upon our grounds, the other two leying neer the
bordors ; therefor require men of proudence, as well as of piety and learning.
Your caire herein will add to the favours done to,

]\Iy Lords,
Your Lordships most humble servants,

Ann Buccleuch and Cornwallis s.

Cornwallis.

To the Earle of Leven and the Lord Viscount of Tarbat — These.



THE CROMARTIE CORRESPOXDENCE.



55. Hugh Lord Lovat to Geoege Viscount of Tarbat.

Invernes, the 22 November 1690.
]\Iy Lord,— . . . My Lord Kinairde is truly too long unpeyed, who
had been satisfied er now had not these troublesome tymes fallen out, quhich
putt me to great expenss by leiveing at Edinburgh, consumeing that which
was appoynted for a parte of my Lord Kinairds payment, and quhat more
money I could gett thir tuo years bygane. I have WTitten to my Lord
Atholl to give my Lord Kinairde satisfactione for what his Lordship owes me
as my tocher, which is yet intire in his hands ; and for what will be found
over, that I am willing to give localities till Kinarde be payt. This is all
that is possible for me to doe, and I hope your Lordship will endeavour with
Kinairde to stop till I gett my Lord Atholls returne, and persuade him to be
as easie to me as he can till my circumstances be better. ... I add no
more, but that I am.

My Lord,
Your Lordships affectionat nephew and humble servantt,

LOVETT.

For the right honorable the Viscounte of Tarbatt.



56. Colonel John Hill to [William first Duke of Queensberry].

Fort William, the 25th December 1690.
;May it please your Grace, — Through the goodnes of God I am againe
gott into a sedate posture. Captain Forbes brought from Edenburgh 1000 lib.,
with which I paid all the present officers and souldiers here a monethes pay ;



COLONEL JOHN LULL, 1G90. 73

and, by good providence, at the same tyme came in the ship from Greenock'
with 500 bolls of meal, which much rased my heart. And now the worst
men I hane, Ewen Grant's men, are vnwillinge to leaue the place, and by
bringing one or two to the gallowes they are much reformed, yet I know
whom to keep (upon reforming the regiment), and whom to let goe.

The propose that Locheil and Keppoch made to the associates to lay
downe and submit, hath had this effect, that they haue appoynted a day for
all the associate gentlemen to meete, and then to put it to the vote; and then
(these say) they are sure to carry itt, notwithstanding some of [tliem] will haue
expectacions of assistance from France (who vndoubtedly will giue us all the
diversion hee can). They haue had ill success of late with their releifes
from Ireland ; for one ship with amunicion and provissions went in at Larne,
in Ireland, neere Bellfast, and then surrendred, and in her were letters for
Seafort and others ; and a French frigot, with forty guns, bound for the
highlands and isles, was cast away neere the Isle of Jura. The master of
the sliip that is now here, sayes he took the captain of the said French man
of warr as hee came ashoar, and delivered him to the caj^tain of the Fanfan,
who for money let him goe. All this side of Lochabbor haue met, and put
all the people to an oath amongst themselfes, neither to steal nor receiue
stollen goods ; and last weeke Locheil hanged a man for stealing. The people
are very glad of the chartour for Maryburrow, and of the expectacion of the
school for their children. I will get seuerall in the s]»ring to set up houses,
and they say tliey hope neuer to see this countrey want tlie garrison againe,
for twas neuer well with them since they wanted it. They seeme mucli
designed for peace, and I find out all methods to spur them to itt, and hope
to prevail. Could I get some way for Keppoch to make him Hue, hee would
be a very usefull man ; and let any man say what he will, tis the setling this
midle parte of the highlands (where all the mischeife is usually hatcht, and

K



74



THE C ROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.



who are the most actiue men) that must doe the worke. Doe this, and all

the rest must follow. I feare I haue been too tedious, but willing to giue

some account.

I am, may it please your Grace,

Your Graces most obliged, humble, and obedient servant,

Jo. Hill.
[Address wanting.]



57. Hugh Lord Lovat to George Viscount of Tarbat.

Phaneallan, the 26 December 1690.

My Lord, — I receaved your Lordships kynd letter and wholesome advyce,
which I intend (God willing) to prosecut, and accordinglie haw wretten to my
Lord Marques of Atholl anent my Lord Kinhards affair ; and I hop your
Lordship will speak to my Lord Kinhaird in my nam, and see what localitie
he will be content to take yeerlie for the rest of his money over what my Lord
]\Iarques is to satisfie, for I intend to sequestrat for his peyment all that my
vther pressing debts will allow of, and what I shall condiscend too or can
spair will be mad verie effectuall yeirlie.

My Lord, the frequent impositiones, continuall thcifts, and sorneings vpon
thir countries incapacitatts the people, soe that rents are not mad effectuall.
I haw sent with the bearer, Eelict, severall recepts and ordours for meall
that was taken from me this yeer and the last, to see giv I can gait peyment
or allowance tlierof, wherin I hop your Lordship will be assisting. Your
Lordship verie weill knowes how my lands was over valued : and ther being
a revaluation this yeer in the shyr, wherby I am som what eased, the Laird of
Calder and some vtheris intends to brangle it ; and to this purpose lies citted
seueralls of the comissioners of this shyr befor the councell, wherof Eelict
is on. I intreat that your Lordship would be pleased to put too your helping



MARGARET ERSKINE, 1690. 75

hand to keep the revcaluatione inteir. The Laird of Grant will mainlie concerne
himself in this affair, and the bearer will inform your Lordship of the stat of
it at lenth. — I am, my Lord,

Your Lordships most aftectionat nepheu and verie obleidged servant,

LOVETT.

For the ryht honorable the Viscount of Tarbett.

58. Margaret Erskine,^ widow of Sir John Mackenzie, to her son, (4eorgk
Viscount of Tarbat. Circa 1690.

Edinburgh, this Wedinsday, lat.
LouiNG Soke, — Since I can not come to sie you, and it seims ye haue not
leasour to come sie me, I mast tell you ar very onkynd, and litlle concerned
in your mother, when I am abused with a litlle pitiful! Seson Lord, aganst
both reson and jusstis. What ever I suffered in my husliands time is
wealenugh knowen, and what onjustice I got from that bench ; bot wdiat he
got I did bear it with als great patience as I think ever women did. 1
thought him worth more then I had to giue him ; bot I am sure I owe no
kyndnes to his mein sprited sone. His wife wreat very imperiously to this
same felow, to luring liir over my meall ; and now he wreats, to Ijring him my
bear. The very last words of that decreit his father got, giues him onlie the
adminstration of that rent, and apounts it for his alimint, and myn ; how he

^ This lady was the second daughter of Sii* year 1646. His daughter Margaret, lyady

George Erskiue of Innerteill, in the county of Mackenzie, survived her first husband, and

Fife, aud his co-heiress witli her elder sister married afterwards Sir James Fonlis of ( 'o-

Anne, wife of John, third Lord Melville of linton, in the county of Edinburgh, who was

Eaith. Sir George was younger brother of appointed a Lord of Session in 1661, and

Thomas first earl of Kellie, and in 1617 Sir Lord Justice-Clerk in 1684. He died in 1688.
George was appointed a Lord of Session, with This letter and the following one are holo-

the title of Lord Innerteill, and he retained graph,
his seat on the bench till his death in the



76 TEE C ROM ART IE CORRESPONDENCE.



comes in for the tlirid hand after his fathers death to seik my rent, I doe
not onderstand. I pray you, giue you can get so much time, ax him and his
advocats a reson for it. After this I intend never to make any agriment
with him, hot take what the law will giue me, I know ther goodwill alredie,
and how they can strech both reson and justice, and I mynd to haue another
spring to the same tune, Eecaue the leter he sent over, and tak some
cours to stop ther indiscretion, or els I miscall them very iU.
I rest your louing mother,

M. ASKYNE.

For my Lord Tarbitt.

59. The Same to The Same. Circa 1690.

My deie Geoege, — Your trouble is no small trouble to me ; bot I hope
ye ar so wise as to tak that befals you from God Almightie, and nothing hath
befalen you but what is comen to men : and giue it war not for the ofending
God Almightie, it wold bot troublie me litUe ; for thes thinges is inevitable,
when young men and men in drink qwarles togither. I put no qwestion
bot ye haue enamies, bot giue God be your frind ye neid not cair, I haue
sent you your legasie befor I dy. T wold not haue you giue this gold away,
onles it be at a strat. I got it from your father, and I think I can not
bestow it beter then on yo;ir self. This with my blisen.

I rest your affectinat mother,

M. ASKYNE.

The lat Erlle of Lithco^ wold haue given me 36 pound sterling for it, to
haue giuen the Duk of Yorrk, when he was heir. It is Lamormour gold.

Tor the Viscount of Tarbitt,

^ Apparently George third Earl of Linlithgow, who died on 1st February 1690.



ANDREW FLETCHER OF S ALTO UN, 1691.



60. Andrew Fletcher of Saltoun to George Viscount of Tarbat.

Edinburgh, the 17th of April 1691.
My Lord, — I confess I wagered Mons should be relived ; but since that
is now over, nixt after your son's affairs at court, I must have you to mynd
myne. Thes are, that you would informe your self of all the new improuve-
ments in husbandry, and buy the books of that kynd for your self and for me.
Particularly, I would be informed what way land is to be used, when con-
verted from arable into grass, for the first thrie or foure years, and what
grain it is to be sow^en with the last year that it is arable ; in which you
would mynd that if it be barly, we sow ours in summer, and the English
theirs in winter. Let me know lickways if (those who, after the new way,
take the bark of the trie in sommer, because then it comes best off, and lets
it stand till winter befor it be cutt doun, that so it may prove firme timber),
if thy cutt off the head of the trie to gett the barke more easily of the
branches in summer, and leave only the naked boll standing till Avinter ; and
what instruments thy make use of for getting the bark of the boll wliile it is
still standing. But if I wer to recommend you the affairs of any of my
friends, it should be that you should use your endevours that my Lord
Newbattel might have the regment of which he is lieutenant-collonell, and
which would veray much oblige, my Lord,

Your most humble servant,

A. Fletcher.

I can not thinck but you might have some satisfaction to look after the
late progress of the Arrian oppinion, and the . . . relating to it.

For the Viscount of Tarbet.



THE GROMARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.



61. Egbert Mackay to George Viscount of Tarbat.

Achrim, the 13 July 1691.
My Lord, — My last to informe your Lordship was of Athlones being
carY'd by a vigorus storme, and these of a more then ordinary defeat of our
enemies. Since yesterday, being the 1 2 of this month, we gaue battel at Achrim,
14 miles from Athlone, in the countie of Gallaway, and from Galloway 21
miles. The enemy were at least 8000 men stronger then we, and most
advantageously posted, for we attacqued them in there camp, haueing marched
from Ballnislow in order of battell. I may ashure your Lordship that the
Irish newer fought any thing like to this since the conquest, both the armies
haueing 48,000 men ingadged at once, both pretending the victory for at least
2 howres together. Our army was in several places repulss'd, as veal be the
currage as number of owr enemies. At last my uncle, who hade the honour
to command the right ving of our army, composed of English and Scots,
charo-inf one the heade of 2 regiments of horss and one of dragoones, did cast
the ballance after he receiued tliere charge, which oblidged them to retreat in
great confusion, so that our left wing fiancking there right, as did our right
ther left. The slaughter was great, and the victory no less glorious. There
French generall, St. Euth, is kill'd, with two other brigadeers ; the most of
all there nobility are kill'd ore taken ; two of there major generalls are taken,
be names Dorrington and Hammilton. Brigadeer Gordon Oniel is kiU'd,
with a great many of ther best officers taken ore kill'd, to the number of 23
colonels. There were at least kill'd one the spot ods of 7000, for the field of
battel is cowered with there dead, and three myles beyond it, or nearer fowr.
We were masters of all there camp, both gunes, tents, armes, amunition, pro-
visions ; and just befor we ingadged, the general was pleas'd to giue me the
honour of a lieutenant colonels command one a regiment, which, as he was



ELIZABETH DUCHESS OE GORDO X, 1G91. 79



pleas'd to say, rendred some good service in the battel. We haue Major Generall
Holstable kill'd, tlie Prince of Hesse vounded. My Lord George Hammilton,
whose person and regiment behaued brauely, is slightly vounded in the leg
by a ball ; my Lord Cutts slightly wounded, with some other officers kill'd
and wounded. We hade but 400 men kill'd at most. We took 24 paire of
culleres and 6 standardes, two of which were of King Jamees guards. All
owr troopes fought veal, tlio there was never a victory more narrowly
obtined.

Your Lordship wdll be pleas'd to send this account to my Lord Lewin,
since I haue not tym to wret any more, being continually in motion night and
day. I finde a great deal of civility from all owr generals, nor was there any
of them but recommended me to the generall, Monsieur Ginckle. Being
much oblidged, you will finde me with tlie greatest respect, my Lord,
Your most obedient and faithful servant,

EoB. Macky.

Be pleas'd to giue my best respects to my Lady Tarbat and her order. I
vish your Lordship good night, for its tym I sleep a litle, being 48 houres
without any.
Lord Viscount Tarbat.



62. Elizabeth Duchess of Gordon to George Viscount of Tarbat.

Gordon Castle, the 16 of J ally [16]9L

My Lord, — -I am still soe much obleedged to your Lordships favour, that

altho my designe now is to returne you thankes for your former one as to

our parke, without the designe of giuing you new trebles, yet the nesesity

and season of the yeare will not alow me to be sylent in sufering any longer



80 THE C BOM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.



the abuses in Badenoh, both by the comander Captain Hewgh M'Kay and
<^arison, who are become extreamly troblesome not only by their seuerall
opretions in other things, but in particular that of their wasting the forests,
and espetiall that of Gaik, being near them ; [they] are soe imperious that
the forester dares neither opose or find fault with the doers. The particular
informations I refer to Sir James Grant, to whom they are sent to informe
your Lordship off, and shall only add in this leter, that I am ashamed to be
soe troblesom in the beging your asistance in geting redress ; if not, I must
take methods of my owne will not be soe pleasing as the only making a com-
plaint, which [I] love not to doe without a cause, since noething can soe
much incoradge me to it but the hauing by that an opertunity of telling your
Lordship how much I am, my Lord,

Your Lordships humble servant,

Eliza. Gordon.
For the right honorable my Lord Tarbett, at Edinburgh.

63. [George first Earl of Melville to George Viscount of Tarbat.]

London, 25 July 1691.

My deare Lord, — I have yours of the 16, and on two three dayes ago of
an old daite by Mr. Gregory, whom I have not gott spoke to particularly, for
ther wer severall company with me in the tyme, and he slipt away. I am
not apt nor should misconstrue your not wretting often, being apt to fall in
that same fault. All the construction I put on it was, that my ansuer to yours
I had after your comeing had dissatisfied you, for you seemed in it to be
displeased, though I thinke you had not reason, all things considered; and if
you dowbt of my kindness, you are in the wrong.

I medle as litle now with publike concerns as any, and am a stranger to



DR. DAVID GREGORIE, 1G91. 81

all these late transactions, which I am glade off they ar out my reach.
Bredalbin is gone to Flanders. I should thinke he deserves no less reward
from another airtli. Wee here this night that Galloway is taken. For the
churchmen, they neither seeke nor have taken much of my advice, but I shall
be sory if they doe any thing not allowable or to ther own prejudice ; but I
see you and I are not like to agree altogether upon that head as yett, and
wee ar too great a distance to reasone the matter. I wonder wher the stike
the passing your letter should be, nor knows what service I can doe you in it,
till the King return. I know that I shall then ; but to wrett about that now,
I am affraied, wer the way to marr it, as matters stand. I know not, if press-
ing do it, why you should delay. I am confident Allexander will doe }'ou all

the kindnes he can.

I am yours,

M.

G4. Dr. David Gregorie, Professor of Mathematics, Edinburgh University,
afterwards Savilian Professor of Astronomy, Oxford, to George Vis-
count OF Tarbat.

London, 27 August 1691.
My Lord, — I could not take a fitter time to thank your Lordship for the