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tion on so publick a theatre as the General Assembly, yett it was resolved
to be prosecuted in the severall presbitries with more secrecy and greater
precipitancy, where blowes might be given or they could be prevented, espe-
cially in remoter places. Yet the improbability of so bold a stepp did take
of the fear ; and, indeed, I was one who did confidently enough assert that it
could not be intended by the charity of the Kirk men, nor permited by the
wisdome of the Government. But now the jealousy, or rather the certainty,
hath revived the feares, and indeed confounded the episcopall clergy and all



their freends ; for the presbitries on consults, which were also divulged, have
enterd to the -\vork and begunn with on Mr. Forbes, in Kilmuir parish, in
Pioss, on of these who, with the first, and with due zeal, owned the Kings
autority, and is qualified so as to be under his Majesties protection by the
said act of parliament. The moderator of a presbitry consisting of 3 or 4, all
of which are tenn years, or more, younger in the min[is]try then Mr. Forbes
is, and almost, in the opinion of many, as short of him in preaching as yett,
have four dayes agoe sent him a sumonding letter to compear befor them
on the last Wednesday of May, to preach on a text prescribed by them ; thus
to bring him, ane old established minister, as it were, to be a probatiner,
befor them, who are of a very short standing in the ministry, — one only of
them excepted, who, its said, was not with them. He is also informd tliat
his lybell is ready ; for, befor tryall, they conclud him ane Arminian (tho he
be indeed very farr from it), and so erroneous in doctrine ; and they find that
[h]is wife (who is a very modest woman) was brought to bed somewhile before
i) moneths after the mariage was publisht ; and, therfor, they most have that
provd the child to be gott in fornication, tho this scandall be one of no
charitable inquisition, and its said (witli probability enough) that in a very
few dayes the lybel will be sustand, proved, and execut. The true cause,
viz., his beeing of the principles owned by the Church of England, will not
be mentioned. My Lord, this particular mans case is considered by all the
episcopall clergy as theirs in generall, and no doubt it is, and it may have
hurtfull consequences ; wherfore it is humbly layd with the former under
your consideration by, my Lord .

[The copy is holograph of Lord Tarbat.]


112. Dr. Archibald Stevenson to [George Viscount of Tarbat].

Edin burgh, July 6 , 1699.
My Lord, — Being taken out of town immediatly after I had the honour
of yours, and kept at Dunebrissle many days attending my Lord Drumeairns
daugliter (who died of a feaver the 26th day after she was brought to bed of
a verie livelie sonne), it was not possible for me to give your Lordship a
return with the bearer of yours. I have now sent for my lady 4 doses of
these pils, which her Ladyship was wont to finde doe well in her colicks,
and which I earnestly wish inay now doe aswell ; and if there be nothing else
in her present colicks than was befor, I am verie hopefuU will doe well. My
Lord, I have sent 2 doses of pils of the lyulvis cornachini for your own use ;
7 are a dose, and your Lordship is to intermit betwixt the 2 doses takeing,
3 or 4 days at lest. The pils are to be taken about 4 or 5 in the morning, that
yow may sleep after them, and all day your Lordship is to behave as under
physick. Let your drinke be only summer warm, that is free of extreme
cold. Too much warmnes, as well as cold, at this season will hurt. Supping
broath with barley at dinner will doe well, and a roasted chicken toward night.
Your drinke may be ordinarie ale, or ale posset, or whey. The night befor yow
take your pils it will be lit at bed tyme to take half a dram of the Peruvian bark
finelie powderd, as also another dose that same day at bed tyme that you take
your pils, in claret wine, else the purgeing may bring on again your ague. I
am verie glade that we have ground to hope for your being speedilie here with
my lady and your daughters. Our news here are not worth the writeing, and
therfor I leave them to the writeing of any other that shall have a minde
to write them. All I have to write is that I am unchangeablie, my Lord,
Your Lordships most intire servant,

Ar. Stevenson.


113. The Same to the Same.

Edinburgh, July 22 about 8 in the morning, 1699.
My Lord, — Your sonne, Mr. James, haveing calld Dr. Pitcairn and me
to consult anent my Ladys present state of health, and we haveing con-
sidered your Lordships letter to me, and the information of some physicians
with yow which Mr. James gave us to read, we did conclude with these phy-
sicians that her Ladyships trouble is plainlie hysterick, and we are confident
doeth not threaten such mischiefe as is feard. I have seen my Lady (as your
Lordship writes) in many colicks and hysterick passions worse than these my
Lady now labours under, according to information. I sent two weeks agoe,
with a bearer that Sir George Brown wrote with, 4 doses of these pils my
Lady had found help by formerlie very often ; together with some doses of
pulvis cornacldni that yow wrote for, and a letter containing my advice anent
the use of these ; which it seems are not come to your hand. I was long out
of town, which made my letter in return to yours come so late. We think
that no strong purgeing will be fit for my Lady. These easie pils her
Ladyship hath formerlie tryd, will suffice when there is need for purgeing.
Clysters we approve of for keeping the belly open. These things we have
now sent are no ways purgeing. There are some of King Charles his famous
drops (which are of the volatile salt and spirit of raw silk), whereof 10 or 12
gutts are to be taken 4 or 5 tymes a day amongst my Ladys ordinary drinke.
There are also sent pils against vapours, which are only anti-hysterick and
noways purgeing : 5 of them are to be swallowed over at bed tyme every
other night, any way my Lady can best swallow them ; and in the interveen-
ing nights my Lady is desired a dose of the strengthening powders (fit for
strengthning the stomack) may be also at bed tyme taken by her Ladyship
amongst two or three spoonfulls of the whig of a posset made with sack and


double sweet milk of a cow — takeing after a draught of the same posset ;
which it will be fit also to take after swallowing the pils that are now sent.
We are verie full of hops that my Lady by the use of these things shall
recover both health and strength ; and thereby that your Lordship will have
your health better ; the news of both which will verie much rejoice, my Lord,
Your Lordships most devoted servant,

Ar. Stevenson.
For the right honourable the Viscount of Tarbat.

114. De. Archibald Pitcairne to George Viscount of Tarbat.

Edinburgh, 31 August, [16]99.

My Lord, — Since Dr. Stevenson is with my Lord Hume (and merry too,
I hope, for no body is very sick there), I presume to give my opinion about
my Lady's condition. I reallie think she should have more of the Peruvian
bark, wdiich will help her stomach and prevent usless sweatings : I mean, any
more than what has eas'd her of her pains. Besides, to the sore pairts let be
applied a pledget of flax, prettie thick, cover'd on the inside with whites of
eggs beat to a froath or water ; and when the flax is well cover'd with the
whites of eggs, pour on it aqua-vite or brandie, with camphire and spirit of
harthorne ; that is, half a pound of liquor and two drams of camphire, with a
dram of spirit of harthorne, or of spirit of sal ammoniac. Let this be applied
cold 4 or 6 tymes in 24 houres. After the flax has been once us'd, it will
serve often, putting more spirit on it cold.

My Lord, if the pain continowes in one place, make a pultess of cow's
dung, milk, and chamomil flowers, and apply ; or cause bake a bannok of
meal and album hordeum, da. q.s.; let it be pease or bean meal. This apply
warme to the places.


N'ow, my Lord, I dare not advyse to blood my Lady any more, for that is
the true way to put her in a dropsie. If your Lordship has not got Dr.
Sibbalds " Provision for the Poor," nor the towne-councils proclamation about
the coal-stealers, it is your sons fault.

I wish my Lady Tarbat very good health, and am,

Your Lordships most oblidged,


I send your Lordship two rols of the old Lady Colston's plaister, which
my wife always makes for her. It is the Emplastrum de minio cum sapone.
The Nuremberg plaister is better, being ane improvement of the other.

I send your Lordship the " Provision for the Poor," written by Dr.
Sibbald, — a work of wondrous art.

For my Lord Tarbat.

115. [The Same] to the Honourable James Mackenzie, afterwards

Lord Eoystoun.

2d September [16]9 9.
^Ik. James Mackenzie, — Yesterday the post brought a letter from my
Lord Tarbat to Dr. Stevenson, who is out of towne. I think there needs no
more to be said in answer to it than that it is tit to give steel. It did ex-
treamly well with this President, after a long ague, Dr. Stevenson and I being
witli him. Wee gave him pils, with limatura ferri or chcdyhis, gmmni am-
jiioniacum, castoreum, and elixir 2Jroprietatis, once a day. Also wee gave him
-1- or 5 spoonfuls of Louers bitter tincture once, and sometyms twice a day.
Get a mutchkin of it from the apothecarie.


Enclose tliis for my Lord. I am in haste going owt of towne, to be
assistant at the death of James Borthwic of Stow, last male of the royal line
of the surgeon apothecaries. 2 Septr., 7 in the morning.

5 Septr. 99.
There is no halsamum Guidonis, but Mv. Monteith will give yow ane
ointment that I think is better. Wee call it nnguentum opodeldoch. It is
greenish. Call for in my name, and get 4 ounces of it. It is to be rubbed
in with ones hand.

The steel (of which 4 ounces are sent) may be us'd pairtlie in pils, pairtlie
in infusion, with wine and cortex pericv., with what other things the doctors
shall think. If it be put in infusion, it must be in subtile pouder, and so
taken turbid.

11 G. The HoNOUiiABLE James Mackenzie, afterwards Lord Eoystoun, to his
Father, George Viscount of Tarbat.

Edinburgh, September G, 1699.
My Lord, — I receved your Lordships of the 14 and 25 ult. both in one
day, I went immediatly and enquired for the balsam ; it is called halsanmin
Guidonis. The reason why it was not sent was, that it could not be had in
all the toune, nor the extract of angelica ; Init to supply the want of the
balsam. Dr. Pitcairn ordered me to buy some vngucnt. apodeldoch., which
I have sent with the bearer. Item, half a miskin syr. artemis., extract
of gentian 3ij, antimon. diaph. 3ij, as much sal. armoniac, saccar. rosarum
perl., wdiich is rose tablets and peaches, diaphen. 5J, limatura cha-
lyb. 3Jiii, and a miskin of Dr. Laurs tincture. I have sent inclosed Dr
Pitcairns directions how to use them. Dr. Stevenson not being in toune. I


Avrote to your Lordship FiycTay last by Captain M'^Kenzie, as did likeways
Dr. Pitcairn. I sent with him two rolls of Lady Colstounes plaister, and two
boxes of the Niirimb. plaister. As for my self I was a litle imwell, but am
no[w] pretty well. It was one of my ordinarie feverish fitts that ailed me. My
Lord, I did not conceal my disease from your Lordship, tho I could not then,
nor can I yet, tell what it is ; and I think the doctors know but litle of it.
They give it no speciall name ; only say it is occasioned by this and the other
humor, and suchlike occult qualities. I have no particular disease, but
M'hat ought to be attributed to the weakness of my body and poverty of my
blood, occasioned by a long ill habit of the body ; so that, till I am in better
embon j^oint, I cannot think of marriage. The great and frequent heats that
troubles me still, demonstrates that I am hectick, tho my lungs are as good
as any bodies. In short, the state of my health is such that, if it does not
mend, it will end me ; but whether it does or not, there is nothing I shall
study so much (next to my future state) as to please your Lordshipp, and to
be esteemed

Your Lordshipps most dutifuU son,

Ja. Mackekzie.
For the Viscount of Tarbat.

117. Dr. Archibald Pitcairne to George Viscount of Tarbat.

Edinburgh, 9th September [16]99.
My Lord, — I sent my advyce last day to Mr. James about my Lady
Tarbat, instead of Dr. Stevenson's, who is not yet come to towne ; and I
have nothing to adde in answer to your Lordship's of the 5th September, save
that I joine with Dr. Mackenzie, and that I think my Lady's ill is from the
bile and aciditie in her stomach ; and that nothing will doe so well as to

LADY A^^ STEWART, 1G99. 145

vomit her with some half ane ounce of vinum emeticum, then give her both
steel and cortex Pcruvianus in tyme of intermission, and whensoever her
sweat is off ; but when she sweats, the sweat is to be encouradged.

My Lord, all the other points of your letter were answer'd last occasion.
Instead of the halsamum Guidonis, which is not to be got, I recommend the
ung. opodeldoch, and I think the last the better of the two.

I wish my Lady good health, and am, my Lord,

Your Lordship's most oblidged and most humble servant,


I send 5 iv. sp. salini aromatici.
For my Lord Viscount of Tarbat.

118. Lady Ann Stewart to George Viscount of Tarbat.

The 17 October 1699.

My Lord, — It is divine pouer that can only support your spirit under the
heauie weight of your present afliction, and his hand that wounded you can
tenderly bind up. Your Lordships knouledge of the submission that we
owe to the Lord maks me blush to offer you counsell, who is fitter to giue
aduice to far wiser then I ; yet pardon me to indeauor to performe this
duetie of comforting your Lordship.

My Lord, he lies don it, who giues not ane accompt of his meatters ; and
who can say unto him. What does thou ? Only his people ar by his grace
brought to that resignation of spirit, that they sing, Lord thou art worthy
of all glorie and praise. I hope your Lordship is noe stranger to this blissed
change of heart and calmenes of spirit. When our blissed Lord comands
the winds and stormes in our natures to be still, they obey him. My Lord,



comfort yourself in Christ, that he may be to you in pleace of your dear
consort and earthly comfort ; and his infinit fuUnes will mak up all wants.
My Lord, pray forgiue me to intreat your Lordship to perform your promis
of remoueing Forbes, which my dear Lady obteaned from you, out of Chris-
tian simpathy with me ; and the Lord, who I hop hes glorified hu", will
reuard you. My Lord, your faithfullnes to hir is singullar, and to obey hir
godhe request, for strengthning a poor Christian freind, will seale your
iidelitie to hir sueet memorie, and imprint ane inuiolable obligatione to you
in the heart off,

jVIy Lord,
Your Lordships most affectionat humbll seruant,

A. Stwakt.
For the right honourable the Viscount of Tarbat — these.

Dorso, in the handwriting of George Viscount of Tarbat — " Ladie Ann
Stewart, 1699."

119. Is.^ELLA Mackenzie, Countess of Seafoeth, to her brother [George

Viscount of Tarbat].

9 September 1700.
Dear Brother, — I got yours with Collen, Coulls sone. The letter yow
mention in it I neuer got ; howeuer I am glad yow are weell ; and I nothing
doubt of your being in a satisfyed condition. As I wad think, yee war ill to
pleas ; and tho soom spok against your marage, I confess I did not think
them your frinds that did so. As to other things of which yee had fears, I
hop or this tym you know that your fears was grundless, as all of us hop
and wish. Now, as to my self, I think my trublls shall neuer end till my
tym end. I may say they run paraleall with my days ; for euery new day


l)rings a new trubll ; and that which I am huried with at present is ode to
come from a hrother, a neuoy, and a sone. Sooni says it was but a base
iinaterall imployment for Prestonhall to your sone Cromerty to aprehend
me with caption ; and so niolent are they on this that I dar not keip my
own hous. I pray giu your aduyse in this, for I am confident it has bein
without your knowlidge. I shall trubll yow no farther, but rests
Your afectionat sister and seruant,


120. Charles Lord Tester to his father [John second Marquis of


Dagaty, September 22, 1701.
My Lord, — Since my last to your Lordship, I have received two of yours,
one of the 7th, the other of the 10th of September, and am sorry that there
is no better an account of my sisters liealth. INIy wife and children are, I
thank God, pretty well. But she is very melancholy, and no wonder, for the
more one thinks on poor Lord Basils unhappy fate, and reflects upon the
manner of it, it appears the more to be lamented, and the loss the greater
both to his friends and countrey. I like the paper your Lordship sent me
about Eo. I have no manner of news to write from this, I was last week
at Kinross to see my Lord Montross, where I saw my sister Ilothess and her
Lord very well. The theasurer deputs lady is dead and buried. And now
that your Lordship is at London, I was desired by Rory ]\Iackenzie to write
to you to be kind to Paterson, if he comes and waits upon you ; for neglecting
him may do harm, and making of him do good. You would likwys, before
you come away, concert with Mr. Johnstone and E. what is fitt to be printed
befttre our parliament meets, which I believe will not be soon, and how to


convey it down here when done. A gratification may be sent up when your
Lordship and the Duke comes home. He is in mighty affliction for his
brother, and, they say, talks of staying all winter in Ingland ; but I am
against that upon many accounts. As to the project you write off, about our
trade with France, I believe it will come to nothing ; for, by the accounts we
have in the last publick news, the King of France seems to have discharged all
trade with Brittain. I think any thing that is to be printed in relation to us
may be delayed now, till we see how our King and the parliament of Ingland,
at their meeting, take the King of Frances owning of the Prince of Wales
for King of Brittain. I am affraid his owning of him will encourage the
foolish Jacobite party here, and hinder them from taking the oaths, which
will do us harm. The bill your Lordship drew is with much ado got payed,
the man being very pressing for it, and the warning but short. There is
like\vys bills drawen for the timber your Lordship sent for, to the value of
3000 lbs, Scots. It seems George Duglass hath no mony, for I had an express
from Mr. Buch. and him, desiring me to bind with them for as much to be
borrowed from the bank when the bills fell due, which I have done, the
bank refusing to lend otherwise. I hear no word, however, of the timbers
being arrived. Just as I am ending this, Sir James Hay arrived here from
Leslie, where he hath been all last week, and at Kinross. He left all there
well this morning. I have likewys sent up an catalogue of the books I
bought when last at London, that so, in case your Lordship buy any, you
need not buy doubles. This is all at present from,

My Lord,

Your most obedient son,

My wife gives her humble duty to your Lordship.


121, James second Duke of Queensberry to [George Viscount of


Bath, September the 24th {circa 1701].
My dear Lord, — I receved a letter from you just before I came from
London, which, in good manners, I ought to have answered long ere now, but
the waters not agreeing with me when I came first to this place, I durst not
venture to write ; so I hope yow have goodnesse enough to forgive me,
since I beleeve ther is noething lost but a litle breeding. If his Majesties
servants there are not sensible of the value of my dear Tarbat for theire
Masters interest, I am sure that I have an advantadge over them in knowing
his worth. The small things that were procured to your Lordship from the
King I doe assure you were verry readely granted, and he expresses himselfe
on all occasions with great satisffaction in your service, and a personall esteem
of you, and I must say that what you have hitherto desired is much belowe
what yow may verry justly pretend too. I was inform'd by letters from
Scotland that, after some delay, these litle intended favours were made good
to yow ; if they have not, I am sure that I shall get them made effectuall when-
ever the King returns ; however, I will by this or next post write to both the
secretarys about it. Your Lordships son, James, mett with some obstruc-
tions in his pretension, which I could not foresee, but I know that none of
them has so great weight as that of Sir Thomas Moncriefs not consenting ;
wherfore, endeavour to gain the old gentleman, and I doe not doubt to make
it yett succeed. And he is to blame if he refuses a conjunct in the termes
which your son is willing to serve inn. In short, my dear Lord, be assured
that noething can ever be in my power for your interest, or that of your


famelly, but wliat I shall be overjoyed to serve yow inn, for I have a true
sence of your friendship, and am, with all suicerety,

■ ; • Your most faithful! servant,


122. [John IMaster of Tarbat to his wife. The Honourable Mary Murray.

Circa 1701.]

My dearest Soule, — ]\Iy last was an answer to yours, sent by Incheouter.
The bearer uas a footman of Lady Issobella M^'Leods, who promised to delyvei*
my letter out of his oun hand to you at Tarbat, but lick a raskall he forgot
to call for the leter after it was sealed and baked. It uas tuo days therafter or
I hade occation to send it, and that uas a footman of Gairlochs, so that I
doubt not of your haveing receaved it long or nou. I deteaned this bearer,
thinking to give my dear Mary some sertean account of hou matters stood
betwixt my father and me in relation to the setlement of our pryvat affairs ;
but the publick concern (I mean the parliament) does so intyrly take up
my father, that to attemp speaking to him of anie pryvat business uer in vain.
God knowes how uneasie this is to me ; for it not only lies, but is the only cause
of my too long absence from the delight of my lyfe, and your trouble for
that I oune is uhat is most in my mind, espetially since I receaved your last
letter by the Inverness post, which uas Saturday last, dated the 5th of Jullij.
I oune I never was more surprised then at the reading of the first part of your
last leter, for I concluded you uould have rested intyrly satesfyed as to that
proposition of my sisters going north, untill you should have my return to uhat
you writ uith Incheouter ; for that did contean as much as did finally deter-
min not only me, but lickuay our uncle, the Justice- Clerk, that after uhat
you said my sisters staying with me uas never more to be thought of, and


my Lady Prestoiihall uas of the saiiii opinion ; so that, upon second
thoughts, I doubt my dear Mary uill be so just to your husband as to con-
demn your dear selfe for interteaning the least thought that uould occation a
minuts disquett. My deare needs not fear that tho my fatlier, uncle,
and all the relations I have alive, uould urge me in anie thing against your
inclinations, that ther pleasure uould weight in the ballance uith yours. It
is farr from that. The only reason that my dearest soul gott not my positive
resolution of not excepting my sister to live uith ous after uliat you writ
uith Inchcouter, uas tlie information my Lady Prestonhall gott of my fathers
resolution, in alltering his former design in setling his estate and affairs in my
person, in case of our refusing to take my sister to our faraely. For this reason,
I say, my uncle and his lady oblidged me neither to determin, or writ to you
finally of this matter, till your return to ther letters should come, which I
doubt not my angel uill doe in as reasonable terms as posible.


123. Patrick first Earl of Marchmont to George Viscount of Tarbat.

Cannongate, Tuesday the 5th of January, 1702.

My Lord, — When I sent my son to London, to waite upon your Lordship
and others upon whose friendship I reckon, I instructed him fully of my cir-

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